National Republic of Cuba

Flag of Cuba
Coat of arms of Cuba
Flag Coat of arms

Patria o Muerte(Spanish) "Homeland or Death"


La Bayamesa  ("The Bayamo Song")

Cuba (orthographic projection)

and largest city


23°8′N 82°23′W

Official languages Spanish
Ethnic groups 65.1% White, 10.1%African, 23.8% Mulatto andMestizo, 1% Asian
Demonym Cuban
Government Federal

presidential constitutional republic

 -  President Victoriano Devrao
 -  First Vice President Osvaldo Secuta
- Ricardo Alarcón
Legislature National Assembly
Independence from Spain/U.S.
 -  Declared October 10, 1868
from Spain 
 -  Republic declared May 20, 1902
from the United States 
 -  Cuban Revoultuion June 16, 1949
 -  Total 109,884 km2
42,426 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
 -  2012 census 9,929,814
 -  Density 102/km2
264.0/sq mi
Currency Cuban peso(CUP)

Cuban convertible peso(CUC)

Time zone CST


 -  Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−4)
Drives on the right
Calling code +53
ISO 3166 code CU
Internet TLD .cu

Cuba, officially the National Republic of Cuba,  is an island country in the Caribbean. The nation of Cuba consists of the main island of Cuba, as well as the Isla de la Juventud and several archipelagosHavana is the largest city in Cuba and the country's capital. Santiago de Cuba is the second largest city. To the north of Cuba lies the United States (150 km or 90 mi away) and the BahamasMexico is to the west, the Cayman Islands and Jamaica are to the south, and Haiti and the Dominican Republic are to the southeast.

In 1492, Christopher Columbus landed on and claimed the island now occupied by Cuba, for the Kingdom of Spain. Cuba remained a territory of Spain until the Spanish–American War ended in 1898, and gained formal independence from the U.S. in 1902. A fragile democracy, increasingly dominated by radical politics eventually evolved, solidified by the Cuban Constitution of 1940, but was quashed in 1943 by former president Fulgencio Batista, who intensified and catalyzed already rampant corruption, political repression and crippling economic regulations. Batista was ousted in June 1949 by the Cuban Nationalists, and a new administration under Victoriano Devaro established, which had by 1965 evolved into a single-party democracy under the revived Nationalist Party of Cuba, which holds power to date.

Cuba is home to over 9 million people and is the most populous island nation in the Caribbean, as well as the largest by area. However, the population density is lower than in some Caribbean countries and higher than others. Its peopleculture, and customs draw from diverse sources, such as the aboriginal Taíno and Ciboney peoples, the period of Spanish colonialism, the introduction of African slaves and its proximity to the United States.

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