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The Malagasy Empire is a average-sized nation located in Southeast Africa on the island of Madagascar, former Indian Ocean French Colonies, and Northern Mozambique. It was formed in 1946 by the Central Malagasy kingdom of Merina after unifying the island after it gained independence from France and splintered into many smaller nations. It is one of the few fully-industrialized African nations present in the world today. Its origins lie post-Eruption as the French colonial government collapsed, and the colony became independent. After a civil then independence war, the nation stabilised and in the series of wars following this, Malagasy managed to almost double in size, and became the regional power it is known to be today.
Due to vast mineral and agricultural wealth and smart economic policies the nation can boast the fact it is the fourth largest power on Africa, with only Britannia, New Afrika, and Egypt proven stronger, and that it has one of most massive economies on the continent. Due to being unified by the former General-Governor named Hugues Jean Berthier, the nation has been a absolute monarchy since its formation. The nation and the Bertheir Royal Family have come to establish successful policies which turn the nation from a state of unified, third world nations to a centralized, mostly homogenous, regional power.
The nation, despite its origin as a revolutionary state throwing off colonial rulers, the nation has taken a very pro-Western stance on most of its foreign policy. The language of Malagasy, despite being spoken by most of the populace, is not an official language, in its place lies French, a Western lingua franca, and the language of the unifier, Hugues Jean Berthier,. The Royal Family itself is French, all being descendents of Hugues Jean Berthier, a purebred Frenchmen whom put off learning proper Malagasy until a full decade after the nation's unification.
The people of Madagascar were originally Austronesian settlers, likely arriving from Borneo, which makes the Malagasy closer to Malaysians than to Mozambiquens.
The Malagasy were for a long time separated and in several different kingdoms and tribes. Eventually, less than a century before the French arrived, the original Kingdom of Madagascar was formed - until the French came and toppled it of course, and installed a colonial government on it.
The island of Madagascar itself was not too badly affected by the Eruption compared to many other nations. The skies were blackened and many plants did die as in every other nation, but in Madagascar the loss of life was much smaller, with the famine only taking 8% of the population, and some of the worst ecological damage being that a fifth of the jungles turned temporarily into plains before the climate stabilised itself.
In 1942 France effectively collapsed. Many French soldiers, generals, and governor remained on the island along with many Malagasy tribes, all of which sought a nation of their own. The colony declared independence, and most military commanders and Malagasy tribes declared independence along with it. As almost all heads-of-state and government officials were either French or Malagasy whom spoke French, the French language grew in use, but not overly substantially.
Merina, was nation in Central Madagascar, ruled by former French general Hugues Jean Berthier, was soon formed and would go on to unify the islands. Almost immediately after the independence of the nation of Merina a question of which language would be official and which would not be arose. The two choices were Malagasy, the other language was French. The choice of French was chosen, as it was the language of the ruling class and a common lingua franca
After the collapse of France in the early 1940's a strong independence movement started in Madagascar. The island and small surround French islands collapsed into many small nation-states before before being re-unified upon October 12, 1946 by the large western state of Tanala. Initially the Kingdom of the Malagasy the Kingdom focused heavily on ethnic unity and industrialization.
The Emperor then began a nationalist policy in which he enforced the idea that no matter which ethnicity a citizen on Madagascar is he is always Malagasy, and strongly promoted the idea of one culture on the island. This policy would later become largely successful, though not all ethnic groups ended up blending in.
Soon, though, by 1960 most of the population knew at least enough French to get bye day to day, and schools teaching in French successfully managed to spring up in even isolated villages thanks to modernization and improved infrastructure.
After the unification of the island the King began a intensive modernization campaign. As Madagascar was not nearly as effected by the Eruption as other nations refugees flooded in from other nations, mainly Arabia and France. From Arabia came the rich and from France came the educated. The King decided to make use of this, granting land to former tycoons to start plantations and mines, and gave positions in the government to the educated.
The government's main priorities were to improve the infrastructure, and build more schools. Luckily the King also recognized the island's mineral wealth. A state-run run company, Malgache Terre Inc. (English: Malagasy Earth, Inc.) was created to bring the wealth of the Earth to the surface. With the company came oil fields and also Beryl, Chromite, Feldspar, Gold, Graphite, Kaolin, and Mica mines. Another company Les Champs de Madagascar Inc. (English: Madagascar's Fields Inc.) was started up, focusing on agriculture, mainly substance over spices initially due to food demand, but later more and more land was devoted to cash crops rather than sustainability due to the stabilization of the global food market.
By 1952 the GDP per capita was $3458 (compared to $945 OTL).
Throughout the years the nation's economy grew at the rapid rate of 7% annually, with it even spiking to 11% during the mid-1980's. By 1972 the navy was fully modernized, by 1975 the army was fully militarized, and by 1978 the air force was fully modernized.
Malagasy Conquest of Mozambique
The Malagasy Empire's conquests were few and quick. In March 18, 1948 the Malagasy Conquest of Mozambique began. At this point Mozambique was mostly collapsed, with a weak decentralized colonial government. The Malagasy stormed most of the shores during the night, capturing many strategic points. The soldiers then took the Mozambique capital with minor losses. The war ended by May the same year.
Britannian Reconquest of East Africa
During the 1960s Britannia lost much of Kenya and Uganda. The sleeping giant of an Empire saw it as a chance to expand by taking the former Britannian land at the cost of good diplomatic relations. In late 1961 Malagasy ships were seen off the coast of Zanzibar. Later, several Zanzibaran ships seemed to go missing, allegedly due to Malagasy aggression. Later on, shells were fired by the Malagasy ships during the night destroyed most Zanzibaran military bases and docks. An ultimatum was given and accepted, the nation joined the Malagasy Empire as an autonomous state on November 11, 1961.
In the early Spring of 1962 Britannia proposed an idea to the Malagasy Empire which was preparing for invasion. The deal would be that the Malagasy Empire divide the land with Britannia gaining the majority of the land, but in return for a promising trade deal and several recently-outdated Britannian ships.
The war went more poorly than expected, with Ugandan and Kenyan coastal batteries being more powerful than expected, which caused several small botched amphibious assaults until soldiers from Mozambique put enough pressure on the states that the soldiers could land safely. The Reconquest of the many fractured nations ended by the Summer of 1964.
The Malagasy Empire is known for having one of the strongest economies in the Eastern Hemisphere, with little recession in its history and a usually steady economic growth. As of 4th quarter 2013 the GDP per capita has risen to $53,918.
AgricultureAgriculture, including fishing and forestry, is one of the most important sectors of the Malagasy Empire's. In 2012, agriculture accounted for 11% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), most the money coming through the export of seafood (mainly shrimp), vanilla, coffee, cacao, litchi, pepper, cotton, tobacco, groundnut, sisal, clove and ylang-ylang. Industry features textile manufacturing and the processing of agricultural products.
Madagascar is an island endowed with a tropical climate along the coasts, a moderate climate in the highlands and an arid climate in the south. The diversity of its ecology and climate makes it possible to grow temperate crops such as apples, pears, plums, grapes and citrus fruits and tropical products such as mangoes and lychees, as well as a wide variety of other crops including coffee, cloves, sisal, maize, tubers and various spices.
In Mozambique, agriculture produced less cash, and makes most of its money from the export of fish (mainly shrimps and prawns), timber, copra, cashew nuts and citrus, cotton, coconuts, tea and tobacco.
The Malagasy Empire was the world's leading producer of vanilla until 1986 and is still one of the top producers, accounting for about one quarter of the world's export market. Agricultural exports consist of low-volume high-value products like vanilla, lychees and essential oils. The Malagasy Empire has the largest cinnamon market in Africa. The Malagasy Empire also is a large exporter of coffee.
Nearly all farms in the Malagasy Empire are owned by the almost century-old state-run company, Les Champs de Madagascar, Inc.
MiningMining is too a major part of the economy in the mineral-rich nation, but unlike agriculture it has actually shown slight growth, making up 14% of the nation's economy. The state-owned company, Malgache Terre Inc. recently started production at its Fort Dauphin mine in January 2009, following several years of infrastructure preparation. The mining project is highly controversial, with Friends of the Earth and other environmental organizations filing reports to detail their concerns about effects on the local environment and communities. Gemstone mining is also an important part of the Malagasy Empire's economy.
Several major projects are underway in the mining and oil and gas sectors that, if successful, will give a significant boost. In the mining sector, these include the development of coal at Sakoa and nickel near Tamatave. The Ambatovy nickel mine (Sherrit International 40%, Sumitomo 27.5%, Korea Resources 27.5%, SNC Lavelin 5%) is a huge operation having cost $4.76m to date  and is due to start production in 2011. In oil, Malgache Terre Inc is also developing the massive onshore heavy oil field at Tsimiroro and ultra heavy oil field at Bemolanga.
The largest and most influential industry within the Malagasy Empire is the gun industry. The Malagasy Empire is the largest exporter of guns in the world, and makes up 35% of the GDP. Most weapons factories in the nation are owned and operated by the state-owned Malgache Armes Co. (Malagasy Weapons Co.) which operates some of the largest factories in the Southern Hemisphere and the largest weapons factories anywhere. As well as producing large quantities of weapons and firearms, the Malagasy Empire also the nation's largest trade partners in guns also happen to be its allies, Britannia, Free France and the Provisional United States of America.
The Malagasy Empire is the leader in Laser technology.
The Malagasy Empire currently has a very West-leaning stance, favoring France in Exile from whom they share a common currency with, Britannia their close neighbor and trade partner, and PUSA with whom the Malagasy Empire backs as the sole legitimate government on the continent save for Mexico and what remains of Canada.