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1090

After the last attempt by the Hvidian Dynasty to reclaim control of Denmark, their control of Zeeland has emploded. Their desparate methods squeezing larger levies out of the Danish vassals have finally caught up to them, which has left the region economically desolated. Aude is captured by King Sweyn III and is imprisoned. Sweyn now has the full support of most of the Danish nobles, while the English forces have occupied most of Scania and a beachhead near Rosklide.

Pere-Ramon of Barcelona is selected as King Ramon I of Spain. This election is contested by Alfonso VI of Castile, who voices that Pere-Ramon stole what he deserved. For most of the nobles in Spain, this election comes secondary to the ongoing conflict amidst the invasion of the Almoravids

Béjaïa (or Bugia) becomes the capital of the Hammadid Dynasty in modern Algeria.

King Laomann of Scotland dies, which throws the kingdom into a political crisis. As soon as his son Kenneth is crowned as King Kenneth IV, a large-scale revolt erupts from the Scottish clan leaders across the nation. They demand an end to the Norse domination of Scotland, and to restore their confiscated lands from Argyll and Bute. An clan-allied army closes in to besiege the castle where the two surviving members of the House of Dunkeld are kept. King Kenneth and the Norse Gaels reaches out for help from his historical allies, namely the Kingdom of Isles, Cork, and Norway. Meanwhile, the Scottish clans reaches out to England and Limerick for support.

Vladimir II Monomakh hears a rustling outside his tent and sees a cloaked figure, the glint of his dagger visible in the moonlight. The prince draws his sword and roars at the intruder, who runs away into the darkness.

The Kipchak horde turns south and invades Alania in retaliation for last year's raid.

Abu-Mohammad Jafari , A Kutama Berber who once served in the army of the Fatimid Caliphate convinces several of his kinsmen to try and kick out the Turks they carry out a series of raids against the Seljuks in Cairo.

Hassan-i Sabbah captures Alamut Castle in the mountains of Persia, and founds a Nizari state there for his disciples, the Asāsiyyūn.

Qin Guan, Chinese poet of the Song Dynasty, writes the Can Shu (Book of Sericulture), which describes a silk-reeling machine that has the world's oldest known mechanical belt drive.

Troubadours begin playing in western Aquitaine (Poitou and Saintonge) and Gascony

  • Brittany: In the second year of an independent Britanny, Alan IV marries a rich noblewoman known as Constance. Parades across the nation celebrate the occasion. The Council of the Estates hope that the couple live happily. Alan IV orders the construction of the College of Vannes, an educational institution for young men of Brittany, as a monument to this wonderful year. Now, with the ships nearly done, trade is opened up. Brittany offers any nation in Western Europe or the Mediterranean trade with Brittany (Player/Mod Response). The Council of the Estates commissions a military theorist, a little-known Breton soldier and philosopher known as Benedict. He will teach officers and soldiers alike in combat and tactics. He shall also lead an expedition to various countries, noting down their strategy. Alan IV also commissions a chronicler to note the important events in each year. This chronicler is one of the nobles, a man named Phillip. Furthermore, the Duke of Britanny would like to donate to the Papal States, showing his loyalty to the Pope and his Church. The Council of the Estates also decides to change the title of Alan IV, since his nation no longer swears fealty to France. It is decided to grant the title King of Britanny to Alan IV and all further heirs to the throne. The Duchy of Britanny shall henceforth be known as the Kingdom of Britanny. Alan IV sends a delegation to the Pope, asking for permission to grant the title of King of Britanny (Papal response) More to be added...
    • The title of king can only be granted by the Pope.
    • If you really want to declare yourself the king without Papal consent, let me know. This cross out is more for your own protection because you may not like the consequence of the result
    • Pope Urban II says he does not grant Brittany the title of King
  • Kingdom of Sweden: Following the battle of Zealand, the king orders most of the royal army to join up with the english forces to attack Roskilde.Meanwhile preparations for the integration of Blekinge into Sweden Proper as the king appoint his brother Carl Gustavus to be the local governor until the war is over. Cal Gustavus takes the first steps of issuing amnesty for all people who fear swealty to the new king. Meanwhile local pro danish rebels are sucesfully subded with the occupation of kalrshamn. The king accepts the alliance with Norway and prposes a state visit to the capital of Norway(Norway response needed). Meanwhile the king visits the frontlines before holding a speech to the army,in which he praises the royal armys ability to fight. In other news,the king says he is searhing for a wife oh crown prince Gustavus Adolpus(any interest nation response)King Gustavus II proposes a peace treaty to Denmark and england which states the following: Denmark is to cede Halland and Blekinge to sweden and ceding Jutland to the english. Denmark will be able to remain an independent kingdom located in Zealand and Scania.(MOD RESPONSE AND ENGLISH RESPONSE NEEDED) Following the deal reached with England,Sweden formally annexes Blekinge to the kingdom but renames it to Gustavia in honour of the king,In Gustavias capital Gustavskrona,the king orders the greatest and biggest fort ever built,it will be called.
    • Norway dip: Norway is honured to have the king of Sweden visit.
    • Sweyn III of Denmark accepts the deal, and asks for Swedish support as he anticipates England to invade
  • Papal States: From the preliminary groundwork laid out last year, Pope Urban has a full itinerary planned for his activities in 1090. First, throughout Spring he continues to improve the quality of the Jewish ghettos of Rome, and encourages the rest of Italy and Germany to follow this same model of Semetic tolerance. He also continues to support the writings of Leo Christiano and Nathan Jehiel, which places the Jewish ghetto as its own special place within the community of Christendom. Urban also continues to sponsor Romanesque art to proliferate around Italy for the most modern Churches, such as the Church of Saint Germanias in Modena, and the recent development in Apulia. In Summer, the Pope leaves Italy to travel to Spain, where he will personally crown Pere-Ramon of Barcelona as Holy Emperor of Iberia. The Pope travels by sea from Latium across the Tyrrenian Sea to Barcelona, by way of Caligari, and he reaches out to the Norman navy of Apulia to escort him on his safe journey (Apulia response). This gesture by the Pope in Spain is somewhat criticized by many of the Cardinals, who point out it is rather premature to be claiming Spain for Christendom with the ongoing war against the invading Moors. Urban essentially ignores this critique, however, and insists that it is better to settle the politics of Europe before they fall under actual power than afterward, which becomes a facet of Urban's policies from then on. The Pope stays in Spain at Emperor Ramon's pleasure for a few months, and leaves by land to France in Autumn. In November of 1090, Pope Urban II assembles 400 bishops across France and Italy to be presented at the Council of Clermont. The main focus of the Council is to enforce the previous policies that Popes Gregory VII and Urban II had been building up to this point: the explusion of Simony and Sodomy from all clerics, the supremacy of the Church in Rome, and the eternal peace between European monarchs under the Pax Dei. However, Urban also utilized the council for making a formal response to the embassy of Emperor Alexios, who had appealed for western support against the Turks during the Council of Piacenza. In a grand speach on November 19, Pope Urban II formally declares that the princes of Europe should put asside their internal feuds and join forces in a Crusade to reclaim the Holy Land. Should this declaration be supported, the Holy Father will then organize the Crusade in a larger Council next year. Upon hearing this message, all the Bishops present at the council were moved by the Holy Spirit to be chanting "God wills it! God wills it!" But Urban also caught a glimpse of a beautiful woman in the far end of the room, who nodded her head in approval.
    • Duke Roger I Borsa is happy and honored to help Pope Urban II reach the Iberian Peninsula. The Duke offers a galley with an escort of 5 of his new war galleys to make the transport of the pontiff.
    • Emperor Pere-Ramon sends an escort to meet the Papal convoy. In private talks with the pope he offers to help supply a naval force to transport the crusaders.
  • Duchy of Apulia and Calabria: Early this year Duke Roger I Borsa marry with Adela of Flanders. Soon Adela gives birth to a son who is named as Charles. With the 30 new galleys already built, Duke Roger orders the construction of more 10 galleys. The construction of the Abbey of Bova continues, under the supervision of Duke Roger and Bruno of Cologne. The Duke plans to make the abbey greater than the Abbey of Cluny in Francia. The abbey will also have a scriptorium and a ecclesiastical school. While in the Duchy, Bruno of Cologne introduce the Carthusian Order, preparing the first monks that will occupy the Abbey of Bova. After hearing about the Council of Clermont, Duke Roger I sends his brother Robert (Scalio) of Hauteville and the monk Serviliano of Reggio as his representatives.
  • House Barcelona: Habemus Imperator, the crowning of Emperor Pere-Ramon I, Emperor of Iberia, King of Catalonia and Zaragoza, takes place in the Cathedral of Barcelona. In attendance are lords from across Iberia, Provence, and southern France. To celebrate his coronation he has a crown commissioned to serve as the Crown of the Holy Iberian Empire. With the now uncertain peace taking hold over the land, the result of the massive naval build-up is recorded. The Royal Fleet of Pere-Ramon stands at some 70 Galeras Normandals. With a healthy navy and wanting to support the Crusader effort. Pere-Ramon approaches Roger I and Pope Urban II with a plan by which the Catalan and Apulian Navies may provide sanctioned transport to British, French, Iberian, and Italian crusaders at predetermined rates. (Apulian and Papal Response)
    • Duke Roger I of Apulia and Calabria agrees with Emperor Pere-Ramon. He proposes that the Catalan fleet be used to move the crusaders to Apulia and from there the Norman ships will transport them to the East.
  • KIevan Rus: Hearing word of Pope Urban's speech and the council of Clermont Grand Prince Vladimir II Monomakh declares he will attend the council personally and will commit Kiev and the Rus to the cause. To fullfill his promise of payment to his Cuman allies, and to help shore up the coffers of Kiev with the recent military activities Monomakh decides toonce more attempt to lay waste to their Kipchak rivals on the Steppes. Deciding to to focus on the affairs of the State he once more places the overall command of the expedition to Prince Oleg. At the Head of 28,000 Rus (Kiev and Rostov), Chorni Klobuky, and Cuman mercenaries eager for plunder launch a massive series of raids into the lands of the Kipchaks from the Don River. Oleg and his men lay waste to all that they cant grab off the ground torching entire fields and villages. Prince Oleg, in agreement with the Cuman Khanagree to share the plunder equally, and men from both camps are put in charge of retaking. (Algo Response). Monomakh now after years of campaigning with little break, decides after another pilgrimage to the Kievan Cave Monastery takes to his duties as ruler of Kiev. He continues the various reforms and infrastructure projects started by him and his father before his departure to partake in the Investiture war, expanding roads across his domains and building new outposts, and forts along the frontier and major rivers to improve and protect the trade of Rus merchants and Rus settlements. He also allocates more funds to the church particularly for the purpose of building new churches, and monasteries, as well beginning the construction of a new University in Kiev under the supervision of the Patriarch of Kiev for the purpose of educating new priests and scholars. He also commissions the construction of new walls for Kiev contracting the now well established Teutonic Masons of Tver. Hoping to bring more Germans, Monomakh continues to welcome German artisans and masons to settle offer them good payment for their services, and land to settle down in the Kievan Crown lands (Mod Response). He also begins the project of expanding,reform, and standardize the Ruskaya Pravada (Rus Law) using some of the insight he gained into Latin and German law while in the west. In an assembly of the Kievan Veche he lays out his plans to implement new artisan, and merchant guilds and to strengthen the rights of the cities to ensure their continued prosperty and development. The port cities of Oleshye, Tanais, and Timurtarakan continue to grow as trade from the Black Sea going north, and Rus pelts going south along drive more and more people to these cities. As some of the long ships are finished more are comissioned bringing the title fleet of the Rus to some 35 ships with more on the way to protect rus interests in the region, in particular to protect tighten Rus control over the Salt trade in the region from potential piracy. Searching for a future bride for his first born son Rogvolod now a 10 begins he sends out envoys to the lands of the Germans, to Scandinavia, and to Constantinople in search of a bride for his son, in partiuclar he proposes an engagement between his son and (Mod and Player responses needed). The young Rogvolod continues his martial training as well as his formal education, meanwhile his younger brother Mstislav proves uninterested in his martial education taking to books and prayer. Sensing no point in continuing to push his younger son into a military position instead places him under the care of the monks of Kievan Monastery to continue his education. 1,000 more Rus are sent to serve Emperor Alexios in his Varangian guard. News of the great victories of Oleg, and his death during the push to the Volga reaches Kiev, Monomakh declares his nephew Vasily (1087) the son of Oleg the new khan of the Chorni Klobuky. He also proclaims Oleg a martyr of the Rus having fought valiantly for them and for god, this sentiment is echoed by the Patriarch of Kiev, with the deceased warrior being given the greatest honours. He brings the young Khan to Kiev to be raised with the rest of the family while many of the strongest men from within the Chorni Klobuky are rewarded withlands and titles of their own for the service to the Rus becoming members of the Boyar. The Plunder of the great raid is to be divided amongst the allies and men of Kiev, while lands in the Don-Volga Basin are now opened to the collective usage and settlement of the allies.
    • The Teutonic Masons grows as more Germans settle in Tver
    • Anna Komene, daughter of Emperor Alexios, is nine years old
    • Grand Prince Vladimir II Monomakh agrees to the betrothal between Rogvolod of Kiev (1080) and Anna Komene, and reaffirms the alliance between Kiev and Constantinople.
    • Saxon diplomacy: Magnus (Billung), Duke of Saxony, offers the hand in marriage of his youngest daughter, Sophia Magnesia (Billung) of Saxony, currently 11 years old, perhaps for Monomakh's younger son.
    • Monomakh agrees to the Saxon proposal Betrothing his younger son Mstislav (6) of Kiev to Sophia Magnesia of Saxony
  • Alania: In the new parts of our nation we continue to build forts to protect our lands. By the forts small villages increase in population with people moving from the capital of Maghas to the smaller villages. Our skilled workers continue to build more roads to connect us to other nations and trade routs. Within our capital we still are expanding the city by continue to build infrastructure that expands the metro city. Many of our merchants trade goods that are obtained from the middle east and trade them to the Rus for their items of trade. Nomadic pastoral grazers, graze the new territory we own with their domesticated animals to explore the new lands that were gained from expansion. Lots of outposts start to continuing construction along our boarders. With our raids last year unsuccessful except for bringing back some loot, we head home to find that the Kipchak horde invading our lands after just losing to the Klevan Rus. What we do is, we set up our army in a defense line so they cant get any further then where they invaded. (Algo needed) We ask the Klevan Rus for help so we can get the Kipchak horde out of our nation. (Klevan Rus response) General Simon Kashibadze moves quickly to assemble the line of defense. He commands the army from the top of an outpost. Pointing out into the battlefield Simon yells out "hold the ground". After holding the ground our military torches the land in front of them so the enemy cant get close enough to attack us. Then they withdraw withdrawing to the mountains and hills and fighting a guerilla war against the kipchaks. After we burn our fields and the grazing lands and poison the watering holes to cause attrition and make them withdraw. The cavarly screen their cavarly while most people withdraw to the mountains and hills. We let our own lands burn so the enemy cant get any further so we can keep our lands to ourselves. Looking at is son he tells him to hold view of the invading army by telling him to use the Astrolabe and calculate how far away they are from them.
    • Pope Urban II sends an embassy to Alania headed by Peter of Ancona, to ask the King of Alania to join forces with the Byzantines and western Christians in a Crusade
    • Alania Dip: We except the offer and send some troops to the south Caucasus with the Klevan Rus marching with our armies
    • Vladimir II Monomakh realizing that an alliance with the Alans against the Kipchak promises to support them sending redirecting the Great Kievan Raidin party against the Kipchaks once more. Alans can hold out for a season, and allow Monomakh to prepare for a prolonged campaign which would secure his eastern Front. He however sends envoys to the Oghuz imploring them to aid the Alans, as they two are at war with the Kipchaks, and the Kiev will commit to aiding in this endevour as is in the common interest to drive back the kipchaks (Mod Response)
      • Oghuz will join in the conflict
      • As a follow up to the successful raids against the Kipchaks. Oleg Once more decides to drive the Savage Kipchaks East of the Volga once more and lay claim to the rich grasslands of the the Don-Volga Basin for the Cumans, Oghuz, and Rus, Mustering the coalition of Cuman, Rus, Oghuz, and Alan's Oleg after allocating men to protect the plunder, while he and his men. With 25,000 Rus,Cumans, bolstered by 10,000 Alans (Alan player agreed),and 20,000 Oghuz under the overall command of Prince Oleg now make haste leaving a small force to protect the plunder of the Great Raid. The Rus Druzhina form the center who in a tightly packed wedge formation will move to run down the Kipchaks while their Steppe allies who assault the Kipchaks in rotatation never letting up taking advantage of the slight numerical superiority to out shoot the enemy kipchaks on either flank. Oleg keeps his Chorni Klobuky as a rear reserve in a slanted formation to prevent a potential feigned envelopment by the kipchaks if presented with an opportunity to carry out an encirclement of their own to shatter the enemy forces (Algo Needed).
  • Norway: We continue our modernization of our cities. As the King of Sweden is visiting, it is pivotal to keep him safe with guards in order for Norway-Sweden relations to not sour.(Secret:) Olaf wishes to discuss the course of action to take in scotland with Godred and Cork (PLAYER RESPONE NEEDED!!!) He proposes that we intervene on King Kenneth's side, but there must be a concrete agreement on what to do first. (Secret Over) Olaf sends emissaries to the Rus to negotiate  sending troops, traders and settlers through their lands, and we will agree to pay tax (Kiev Response). If they accept, king Olaf will arrange a force of 1000-2000 to link up with the crusader’s army. Otherwise, back home, Olaf sees dark clouds above Norway, and is weary of the English. He arranges the construction of several castles and forts in crucial areas, the southern cities and the Swedish border.
    • Monomakh welcomes traders and settlers of his varangian kin to the lands ofthe Rus, troops however he can not allow short of a common enemy.
  • Petty Kingdom of Corcaigh: [Secret] King Iomhar of Corcaigh (Cork) takes interest in King Olaf of Norway's suggestion to intervene in the Scottish Civil War and pledges his forces to that endevor, whenever it may transpire. Furthermore, overtunes are made to the allied Kingdoms of Waterford and Wexford, promising plenty of riches to be made and even lands and titles to be awarded to second sons, if they pledge on King Kenneth's side, informing them of Norway's intentions to support King Kenneth's side. In addition, an appeal to character is made, stating that we cannot let our own kindred be slaughtered in Scotland. [Mod Response] [Secret End] As King Ìomhar Mac Oitir of Corcaigh also prepares for war, training levies and inspecting the defenses of his domain, the construction of defensive fortifications in the surroundings of the city of Corcaigh (Cork) takes place, as aggressive actions by the Ua Briain led coalition are to be expected. The reassertion of Norse influence over the southeast coast of Ireland has led to the reemergance of small scale raiding against the Irish clans in the area by the emboldened Norsemen.
    • Waterford and Wexford supports Cork. However, the Kingdoms of Ulaid and Mide joins on the Scottish clans
    • Kingdom of Norway: (Secret) Olaf is pleased to hear of King Iomhar's support of a Scottish intervention. He suggest an invasion force of around 6000, 4000 Norwegian troops, 2000 Norse Gaelic troops, to invade Scotland. But, we must know the When and Where of the invasion. Olaf of Norway proposes to link up with King Kenneth's forces sometime within the next two years, however, further planning is needed. Meanwhile, back home, longboats are being drawn, and men are preparing. (Secret Over).
  • Läänemaa: With the recent subjugation of the Samogitians by the Lithuanians to the south still fresh in the minds of the people of Läänemaa, the ambitious Elder Kalev decides to take advantage of the current of uncertainty that flows through the county of Läänemaa by increasing the power he holds in small measures, centralizing more power around himself rather than having it spread out between the various parish elders. However, Kalev realizes that no matter how much power he holds in Läänemaa it will be short lived if he does not soon respond to the encroachment of the Christians into the region, and as he weighs the choices he must make, Kalev decides to go down what he sees as the more pragmatic path, that of conversion to their foreign faith. Elder Kalev realizes that by converting he opens up the option of levying Christian aid in order to gain more land and power for himself and his people, compared to the potential downfall and conquest if they do not convert. With his decision made, Kalev sends out a handful of secret messengers, picked from the men he trusts most, telling them to seek the ears of powerful Christian monarchs who might be interested in the region and to ask them for a priest of their faith that can come to Läänemaa and bring about the conversion of our heathen people. (Anyone Response) With his larger plans now laid out, Elder Kalev also sends out two official messengers, one to Sakala and the other to Saaremaa, asking the nearby counties to strengthen their ties with Läänemaa by signing a defensive agreement as well as trade agreement. (Mod Response)
    • Envoys from Kiev are dispatched to the Laanemaa along with a Priest of the Easter Rite.
    • Norwegian Envoys, missionaries and Priests are dispatched to Laanemaa.
  • Kingdom of England: Now is the 23rd year of the reign of King Harold II of House Godwin. He is married to Ealdgyth (Edith) of Mercia, which has tied House Godwin of England and the House of Mercia together in alliance. He has many siblings: Gyrth Godwinson, duke of East Anglia, who is married to Judith of Flanders; and Gunhild Godwinsdatter, a nun. Harold II has sired several children through Edith the Fair, his previous wife whom he married in Danish tradition. They are Godwine, Earl of Kent, who is married to Princess Sigrid Svendsdatter of Denmark; Edmund, who is married to Margaret of Wessex and is unlanded; Magnus, Marklord of Wales, who is married to Gwenlian ferch Bleddyn thus forming an alliance with Gwynedd; Gytha, who is married to Alan mab Konan de Rennes; Gunhild, who is married to Lǫgmaðr Guðrøðarson. He also has sired Harold (1066 and married to Anna of Durham) and Ulf, who is unwed (1067). The population of England is roughly 2 million, with most of the population being centered around Winchester and London. Though the majority of the people in England are of Anglo-Saxon descent, there is a sizable Scandinavian population, especially in regions once under the control of the Danelaw. There are also a number of Britons, especially along the Welsh and Scottish borders as well as in Cornwall. Though the monarchy of England is more-or-less absolute, the Witenagemot is a folkmoot of secular and clergymen who advise the king, discuss legislation, and hold judicial hearings should the need arise. If the reigning monarch were to die, the new one will be chosen among the eligible Æthelings in England, though they typically choose members of the deceased monarch’s family. Harold II is widely popular throughout England, especially among the thanes. Though he maintains alliances with those in his family as well as with the sons of Ælfgar of Mercia, tensions are known to run between earls from the north and south of England. For now, the north are incredibly pleased with Harold II's actions and are supportive of his war to secure the Danish throne for Godwine Haroldson, though the Earl of Lothian is a little skeptical. The Godwin family controls much of England; realistically, a non-Godwin coming to the throne next will not happen. The most powerful non-Godwin landowner is Edwin of Mercia, whose son Eric is poised to inherit should he pass away. The Godwins had come to Denmark many times before as allies and friends of late kings, loving husbands to beautiful wives, and fathers to boys who would one day grow up to be king. Harold Godwinson never wanted to set foot in Denmark as a conqueror. The voyage from England to Denmark was cold and windy, much more than he would have liked. Yet, as the ship pulled into its harbor and towers of black smoke rose from the ravaged city of Roskilde grew closer and closer, Harold II was transported to that fateful day in 1066. The smell of dry January air, thick smoke, rolling seas, and an incoming snowstorm evoked a sense of hope. When he had first become king, nothing was clear. The next day was not a given, he could have lost his throne or his life several times, and yet he beat them all. Now, here he was, surveying yet another transition of power to ensure that it went smoothly. Harold II was quite the administrator even before he became King of England. By this point in his life, he had redefined civics and law in England. Soon he would do the same thing for Denmark. He was traveling to Denmark to ensure the Folkmoot of Roskilde went well, and that the transfer of power from the waylaid Estridsens and the utterly beaten Hvides to the House of Godwin was as bloodless as possible. He had also arrived early enough to observe the funeral of Skjalm Hvide. His body had already been retrieved by Godwine Haroldson when the late king died. Now, a ceremonial ship filled with many of his old possessions and his sword carried his bones into a watery grave. Those identified as his closest and richest housecarls were also honored in the funeral. 20 ships in total carrying the most wealthy fallen warriors were set ablaze and allowed to sail into the North Sea. Much of the army in Denmark is sent home. Only the housecarls of Godwine Haroldson remain in Denmark; the hiredmen return to their farms and their lives. The Norwegian troops are sent back to Norway along with much gold, as was promised to the kingdom. Plans to construct several defensive fortifications are drafted this year, particularly in Scania and Zealand. Many castles and estates in Denmark can trace their histories back to this moment. Indeed, this is monumental, not only for Denmark, but in England as well. The mass cancellation of remaining Danegeld debt, along with the taxing of Denmark, is a massive undertaking. Therefore, Harold II issues a census of both England and Denmark. Each shire of England and hundred of Denmark is surveyed so each person can be appropriately taxed. This survey is catalogued in what historians will call the Domesday Book. The money England made in this war has been more than enough to cover the war expenses and debts owed to Norway. Back in England, Magnus Haroldson administered the realm. Around this time is when the Scottish crisis breaks out.

1091

Emperor Rudolf Rheinfelden dies. The Swabian house has very few surviving members, so his only son Berthold immediately ascends as the next King of Germany

News of the Council of Clermont is followed by a wave of support from the nobility and the Commoners alike, inspired by the thought of salvation and glory. Nobles from Across France, Italy, Germany, and even as far away as Alania, and Kiev many Christians vow to take the sword and cross, and answer Urban II's call.

Once the Christian threat was subdued, Yusuf ibn Tashfin returned to Africa. As soon as he crossed the Gibraltar strait, several emirs immediately stopped recognizing his authority and resumed paying tribute to Christians. It was in Marrakesh, during a period of reflection and correspondence with the Caliph of Baghdad, that he realized it was his duty to reverse the decadence of the taifas and promote Islam, righteousness and justice in the Iberian peninsula. Now, less than a year after they departed, the Almoravid dynasty invades Spain again with a massive army, and completely occupies the Taifa of Seville, which submits as their direct vassal. Yusuf calls on all other emirs to surrender now or suffer the same fate.

The Pechenegs could not be kept at bay for long. Their raids picked up with greater intensity and brought them closer to the heart of Byzantium with each passing season. Over the winter, they ravaged Thrace, and by this spring, the invaders are practically at the gates of Constantinople. Alexios Komnenos, his military strength at a record low, offers hoards of wealth to the Cumans and other mercenary groups if they will turn against the Pechenegs. Thousands take up the deal and head to Thrace, but with the ongoing Kipchak wars in the Pontic Steppe, turnout is much lower than expected, and some even defect to the opposite side. Ultimately, the Byzantine coalition fails to stop the Pecheneg advance in one of their worst defeats, what has been referred to by historians as a "second Kayseri". The Pechenegs then lay siege to Constantinople itself, with naval support from Chaka Bey of Smyrna.

In Denmark, Sweyn III makes the calculated decision to accept the treaty presented by Harold Godwinson. However, three weeks later his brother Olaf "the Hungry" leads a rebellion of several other nobles of the Estridsen family. Sweyn is put in the same prison the previous king Aude was just in, and the Danish nobles launches a series of raids against the English expedition sent to survey the country. Olaf himself is not only concerned about the Saxon domination of the country, but also feels threatened by the treaty that deprives him the title of Duke of Jutland in favor of his elder brother.

The situation in Scotland is deteriorating, as Kenneth IV has withdrawn to the heartland of the Norse Gaels along the northern Scottish coast, and lost much of the south to the rebel clans. The Dunkeld brothers Donald and Malcolm have escaped from imprisonment, and has taken charge as dual leaders of the revolution. Fighting continues throughout the year.

A freak tornado occurs in London, wrecking the London Bridge, the church of St Mary-le-Bow, and over 600 houses.

Stephen II of Croatia dies, having no heir to rule the kingdom in his place. As the nobles cannot decide on a successor among themselves, the queen mother Helena reaches out to invite Laudislas, the King of Hungary, to occupy the nation himself.

In Normandy, William Rufus attempts to lead a rebellion against his brother Robert for control over the Duchy

  • The Isles: Retreating from Munster after a series of successful raids, Godred Crovan returns to Britain. He takes advantage of the unstable situation in Alba to reassert control over the Hebrides and Highlands, and retake the peninsula called the Rhinns once and for all. Such actions put him into direct conflict with the Laomann-era clans of Norse-Gaels along the coast, who would like to stay in power under the auspices of King Kenneth for as long as possible. (Mod Response/Algo)
    • Kenneth offers to cede the Rhinns without a struggle if the Isles lends some mercenaries for his support
  • Britanny: The Duke and Duchess gives birth to a son, who shall be named Alan. The population celebrate the birth of the new heir. The Council of the Estates orders the construction of the College of Nantes, split into two distinct sections- the educational institution of the University of Nantes, and the military institution of the College of Arms. The Breton Army are to be trained in the College of Arms, whilst other men may volunteer to go to the University of Nantes, or go to the College to join the military. More to be added.
  • House Barcelona: The return of Yusuf ibn Tashfin to Iberia is taken with concern and anger in the court of Emperador Pere-Ramon. Facing a potential invasion of the Christian realms of Iberia he sends out messengers to prepare a call to arms for the kingdoms of Iberia with the messenger sent to Garcia II of Galicia, an offer of marriage to his young son Xabier (b. 1078) with Ximena (b. 1083). (Mod Response) in the coming year. He also personally attends the Council of Clermont where he extolls the need for defense of Europe as well as offense in the east. He asks that the pope support the defense of Iberia from the Almoravids by redirecting some force of the crusaders, perhaps those who would otherwise have to travel the furthest. (Papal Response) Finally, he seeks a meeting with King Philip of France and Betrand I of Provence, hoping to raise forces from his traditional allies. (French and Provencal Responses) With his diplomatic moves completed, Pere-Ramon spends his spare moments organizing the consolidation of resources with which any war may be waged. He has a great many bolts and spare crossbows gathered, and purchases substantial food reserves to prevent the outbreak of famine. A partial call to arms is issued late in the year, with several thousand Sagramaentals raised in opposition to any incursion by the Almoravids.
    • Marriage approved
    • William Bertrand of Provence and Philip the Amorous of France will help Barcelona
  • Kievan Rus: Hearing word of the Siege of the constantinople, and the risks of losing a key ally and trading partner, Monomakh sends out the orders to provide assistance to the Greeks.Envoys are dispatched to Crimea to see if the Greeks would be willing to accept the support of the Kievan Long boats to try and relieve siege of Constantinople at sea so that the city can be resupplied and reinforced by the Rus and their allies, meanwhile envoys are dispatched to his Alanian, Cuman ,and Oghuz allies with the promise of good pay by Constantinople should they assist in breaking the Pecheneg siege on the city with the end of the war against the Kipchaks. Another envoy is sent to the court of the King of Hungary, also seeking their assistance in saving Constantinople reminding him of the threat that the Steppe nomads pose to his own domain (Mod and Player responses needed). Some 5,000 Rus, and Chorni Klobuky hunger for payment also agree to join with the thought of wealth beyond imagination in mind, they are led by a young Kievan Boyar Pytor Ivanovich, more to be added later. With the backing of tjhe Italian and Greek ships The Rus devise a plan to lure Chaka Bey's fleet using only the Greek ships to make it look like a desperate attempt to break the blockade following a token attempt to do so the Greek Ships break off and attempt to lure the Turks away meanwhile the Kievan Longboats will make an effort to encircle followed by th Latins coming up through the Sea of Marmara, The Greeks at this point will attempt to unleash Greek fire on them (Algo needed). The Rus, Maghyars, Alan , and Georgians meet at the Danube and at th head of an army 30,000 strong The attempt to Starve off the Pecheneg's laying siege to constantinople with the Rus raiding their scouting and foraging parties while the HUngarians, Georgians, and Alans dig in to the north of the city to cut the Pechenrgs employing German masons, and Rus sappers (military engineers) to build earthwork reinforced fortifications between the Rhodoen mountains and the Istranca Mountains trapping the Pecheneg Army in the Thracian Plains to Starve them off, and weaken their fighting resolve (Algo Needed)
    • The Byzantines accept the support
  • Kingdom of Sweden:Following the treaty of Roskilde,the king arrives home to stockholm. There he is welcomed and hailed as a true hero for Sweden,winning back halland and takin control of Gustavia. The king however is well aware of the threat the english kingdom now makes to Norway and Sweden and decides to build a defensive castle line conisting on a fort on the border with scania,one in Gustavia and one in Halland. A joint military exercise between Norway and sweden is proposed (norway response needed).The king begins small effort at converting the pagan population in Gustavia while at the same time promoting the swedish language over the danish one in Gustavia and Halland.Following the military exercise in Sweden,2000 swedish troops head to Oslo to participiate in one there. There they will make camp untill the exercise is over.(Secret King Gusatvus II is worried about the rumours that have heard about England planning an invasion of Norway and therefore prepares to put Defensive plan A into action,he also sends an envoy to th e pope to ask him to put sanctions on england,An envoy is sent to norway guaranteing them that the alliance will be held,)
  • Norway: Unfortunatley, Norway is preoccupied with events in Scotland, but a few hundred troops journey to Sweden for this military exercise.
  • Norway: The Time has come. 4000 men on several longships are dispatched to Scotland. They land in the Norse-Dominated northern coast and link up with Kenneth’s forces. Together, they journey south to engage with the Dunkeld Brothers. (Algo Needed). Meanwhile, Olaf sounds a call for Norse clans and cities to intervene in order to prevent the slaughter of our kin. They will be promised much land, gold and slaves if they join. (Mod and Player Response needed.) Olaf appoints a certain Magnus Barefoot, his only son, heir of Norway in case things go awry. He is given elite military training in the capital. Olaf promises Hakkon Mangusson, cousin of Magnus Barefoot  land and riches in Scotland if he involves himself into the war. (Mod Response). At home, the construction of forts and castles in the south and west proceed smoothly, and they are around 60-70% done. However, the young Magnus barefoot sees dark clouds above Norway, and donates some of his finance into completing the costal and southern fortifications. (Secret) Magnus and Olaf have heard word from some traders that England is planning an invasion of Norway. Olaf is preoccupied with Scotland but Magnus dosen't want to take any chanches, and orders fortifications to be built in Oslo. He rallies some 4000 men who did not leave for Scotland, and travels south to the coast. (Secret Over)
    • The clans in Norway will support the call of their King. Norse in other countries don't care
    • Hakkon Magnusson will help out
  • Duklja: Constantine Bodin is alarmed by Hungarian occupation of Croatia and sees it as a threat to independence of all the Balkan countries. He decides to cease minor hostilities Duklja had with Ragusa and gathers an army. He expects his subjects in Raška (his nephews Vukan and Marko), as well as in Hum and Travunia, to join him. A letter is sent to ban Stephen of Bosnia with an offer to stay neutral (Mod Response). Queen Jaquinta travels to Venice to obtain diplomatic and financial support and ask the Venetians to convince the King of Hungary to leave Croatia (Venice Response). Once Constantine gathers a substantial army, he marches to Croatia in an attempt to capture the castle of Klis. King of Dioclea hopes that Croatian nobility would meet him as a liberator.
    • Bosnia will remain neutral
    • Venice will support Duklja, however Hungary has no relations with them
  • Petty Kingdom of Corcaigh: King Iomhar of Corcaigh (Cork) declares in favor of King Kenneth IV of Scotland, his Norse-Gael kindred, after the Norwegian entry on his side in the Scottish Civil War, in response to the offers for much land, gold and slaves made by the Kingdom of Norway to the Norse-Gael cities of Ireland while seeking our support, but likewise because we cannot stand by while our kindred are getting slaughtered. King Iomhar of Corcaigh (Cork) raises 1.500 men under his command, board severel longships and sail to Scotland, landing in the Norse-Dominated northern coast and link up with King Kenneth’s & King Olaf's forces. The overall command is rightfully given to King Olaf of Norway, as he has contributed the most men to the allied force, its only natural. King Iomhar of Corcaigh (Cork) calls upon his allies, the Kingdoms of Waterford and Wexford, whom have both already declared their support for King Kenneth IV of Scotland, to officially join and contribute men to fight in his side, heeding the Norwegian offers of much land, gold and slaves for each of our three Norse-Gael cities. interest in King Olaf of Norway's suggestion to intervene in the Scottish Civil War and pledges his forces to that endevor, whenever it may transpire. Furthermore, overtunes are made to the allied Kingdoms of Waterford and Wexford, promising plenty of riches to be made and even lands and titles to be awarded to second sons, if they pledge on King Kenneth's side, informing them of Norway's intentions to support King Kenneth's side. In addition, an appeal to character is made, stating that we cannot let our own kindred be slaughtered in Scotland. [Mod Response] As King Ìomhar Mac Oitir of Corcaigh's regent continues to be on standby, preparing to defend the Petty Kingdom of Corcaigh (Cork), training levies and inspecting the defenses of his domain, the construction of defensive fortifications in the surroundings of the city of Corcaigh (Cork) takes place, as aggressive actions by the Ua Briain led coalition are to be expected. The reassertion of Norse influence over the southeast coast of Ireland has led to the reemergance of small scale raiding against the Irish clans in the area by the emboldened Norsemen.
    • They Agree.
  • Papal States: Urban returned to his chamber in the Lateran Palace to pay homage at the feet of the Angel Ariel. Ariel removed her outer robe, and instructed Urban to look up to her, as she said "God has given to you this land flowing with milk and honey. Now, just as God handed over the Canaanites into the hands of Joshua the son of Nun, so too has he given up the Saracens to the worthy knights of Rome." Pope Urban immediately understood the meaning of this vision, and how he must quickly capitalize on the widespread popularity of the Council of Clermont. Romanesque Cathedrals continue to be built around Modena and Apulia, while the Jewish ghetto is subsidized in Rome, but both of these things now day a backseat in light of current events. The Pope issues a decree saying that all warriors of Europe who dedicate their strength and honor in the ways of piety, humility, peace and generosity will, and always has been, the perfect example of holy knighthood, following in the traditions of Joshua and Charlemagne. As a first example of this order of holy knights, the Pope officially reognizes the Hospitaller Military Order of Saint James di Canossa as the first Christian military society, who have taken vows for themselves as a kind of warrior monks loyal to the Catholic Church. This religious order was first created by Countess Mathilda during the Investiture War, but has not been yet recognized under the Papal pax dei. Meanwhile, many monks and priests under the authority of the Council of Clermont had been sent all across France and the Holy Roman Empire, especially led by Peter the Hermit and Raymond de Bourges, to call support from commoners and peasents. To the Pope's surprise, this has resulted in an overwhelming turnout of support, as huge stroves of population from every level of society now presses for their own participation in the upcoming Crusade. Popr Urban immediately becomes concerned how the sheer logistics of this endevour may prove to be their undoing, not only in the contempt between princes and commoners, but also the pride between individual princes. Pope Urban calls all the princes joining in the Crusade to convene at a council in Ravenna on the Feast of Pentacost, which will organize which armies will be coordinated on each of the three fronts, as well as settling potential disputes of landed titles. The rulers of Catalonia, Castile, Galicia, Apulia, Sicily, France (and nobles in France: Normandy, Brittany, Lorraine, and Vermandois), Saxony, Swabia, Bavaria, Flanders, Tuscany, Pisa, Genoa, Venice, Hungary, Poland, England, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Kiev, Georgia, Alania, and Byzantium are specifically invited via the highest order of clergy in their respective nations (Mod and player response). The commoners and peasants volunteered from across Europe are instructed to arrive in Ravenna on the Feast of the Assumption of Mary, and will soon after be assigned each of the armies of princes they will serve under as the greater militia in the Crusade. Deus Vult!
    • Emperador Pere-Ramon wishes to attend, but may be unable given the threat of renewed Islamic invasion in Iberia. In his stead he plans to send his son Ramon Berenguer along with other notable dignitaries and representatives from among the Catalan Counties.
    • Britanny: The Duke of Britanny will come in person, along with a delegation of nobles and military advisors.
    • Norway: Unfourtunatley, Olaf is preoocupied with Scotland, but he sends representitives of Norway.
    • Duke Roger I Borsa travels with a entourage of knights and prelates to participate in the talks about the organization of the Crusade. His brother Robert (Scalio) of Hauteville and the monk Serviliano of Reggio are part of the entourage. Duke Roger I would like to offer some of the Apulian ships tp transport the crusaders to the East
    • Grand Prince Vladimir II Monomakh accompanied by his personal retainers travels to Ravenna we he implores the Pope to send aid to the Greeks and Rus now to allow to prevent the fall of Constantinople. In particular he requests naval support ,to bolster his own fleet. Aside from that he pledges 5,000 Rus and Chorni Klobuky to the Crusades.
    • King Giorgi II of Georgia is eager to assist, but he is busy because of the kipchak invasion in Alania and the thread of the Seljuks. His son David with an entourage of Tadzreuli cavalrymen, monks and nobles travels to Ravenna. He offers some of the best units, especially the heavy cavalry ones to the Crusade. We ask the Pope for military aid in the southern frontier.
    • The Duke of Saxony comes straight from the funeral of the Emperor Rudolf of Rheinfelden to the Council of Ravenna where he enthusiastically backs the Pope's cause, shouting "hear, hear!" whenever the Pope says something and also gets very drunk and excited, as he hasn't had a chance to get out for years.
    • King Giorgi II Bagratides of Alania sens a small platoon of troops to Constantinople to help the Byzantium empire out.
  • Duchy of Apulia and Calabria: Duke Roger I Borsa and his wife Adela of Flanders have a daughter, who is named as Gertrude. The construction of the Abbey of Bova continues, with the abbey being build in Romanesque style. According to the Duke plans, several towns and cities across his domains are being urbanized, with roads being made and restored to facilitate the movement of the common people and merchants. With Pope Urban II spreading the idea of a Crusade against the Muslins, Serviliano of Reggio becomes one of the greatest supporters of this idea in Apulia and Calabria, with him constantly preaching about the necessity of a Crusade to give freedom for the Christians in the Levant.
  • Al-Murābiṭūn: The throne of sultan Yusuf ibn Tashfin was not a traditional chair, no see, for he embraced war, and would only go where his army went. His old age had began to take a toll on his activity however, as while he went where his army would go, he didn't necessarily engage in combat. After crushing the frail army of Seville, sultan Yusuf would visit the captured Emir Al-Mu'tamid ibn Abbad in his prison cell. The room was dark with but a spare light emitting from the upper window where bars held the desecrated emir in place. The floor, decayed and showing signs of little overgrowth, likely an ode to the decaying power of the Iberian taifas, was where Al-Mu'tamid would sit. Yusuf would walk into the room, holding a candle that would color the otherwise dimly-lit room. In his military outfit, connected with the golden casing and hilt of his sword: dirty but still reflective, and as his beard swayed, he would sit on a chair, looking downward to the prince in the cage. Al-Mu'tamid would spit at the feet of Yusuf, who returned with a smirk and the kicking of dirt at the prince's faded, tattered royal clothing. While the exact nature of what they said is colluded in mystery, its inferred that for the most part, it was a one-sided discussion: Al-Mu'tamid would no longer speak to Yusuf, ignoring his questions of the location of Al-Mu'tamid's children or statements made until Al-Mu'tamid would simply grow tired and fall asleep. After this tiring night, Yusuf would raise his hand, signaling the men in black cloth to enter the cage and begin savagely beating the prince. After his hair had been grabbed and his head bashed, Al-Mu'tamid could only continue to cry out in pain. With leather and a battle axe, Al-Mu'tamid would lose his left leg. Sultan Yusuf didn't care to watch, so as he left the prison and walked into the street, he would be greeted by the people of Seville with great enthusiasm, and of course, the elder sultan would return this kindness. Yusuf was a former tribesman, a Sheikh of the Lamtuna turned righteous leader and now, as he stood where former emperors and caliphs of varying degrees stood, he felt great definitive power. His sons, Ali, Muhammad, and Dawud, would meet their father Yusuf at Al Mubarak, where they would dine on lavishly arranged meals, eating atop some of the finest dishes in Iberia while the most promiscuous of women would be lined for Ali, Muhammad, and Dawud's taking. After this meal, they would be met with some of Seville's most famous poets and artists, for Yusuf was a patron and Dawud wished to be a painter for he was obsessed with the illustrations. For Yusuf, his children could only wear the finest ribbon and cloth, whether it be sown by the most beautiful women to have walked the earth or taken by force from a Christian who was now trespassing on the ground of the most exalted. While the economic output of Seville was primarily agricultural with wine, wool, and salt, gold extraction in al-Mansha would prove the endeavour more lucrative and thus, a stronger motivation to grip the trade and resources of Iberia. The threat of a northern invasion didn't break Yusuf's confidence, no, it encouraged it. It's said in one circumstance, when asked by one of his royal advisors in regard to Barchenona and their expansion, he simply stated that their living only emphasizes Allah's will to test his followers, that their system is corrupt and that the church does not provide for the common man, proclaiming that "...they exist as the epitome of sin." So what did the emirs of Iberia say then (Mod/Player Response Needed)?
    • Seville, Almeria, Grenada, Ceuta, and Mercia ask to be left control of their lands if they submit as direct vassals of the Sultan
      • Almoravid dip: "Does it look like I care about your autonomy? I'm giving you all one chance, just one chance to dethrone yourself," of course this is paraphrasing of what Yusuf actually said but, as aggressive as it may seem, this was necessary. On a side note, however, the diplomats sent to Toledo would solely ask them to become a vassal of the empire mainly due to it's close proximity to the northern neighbors. A loose promise is all Yusuf's diplomats would give to the prince of Toledo in return for an answer (Player Response Needed).
      • Seville, Almeria, And Ceuta Submit. Granada and Mercia refuse to Submit. Granada and Mercia muster an army of 10,000 to resist the
  • Alania: In the new parts of our nation we continue to build forts to protect our lands. By the forts small villages increase in population with people moving from the capital of Maghas to the smaller villages. Our skilled workers continue to build more roads to connect us to other nations and trade routs. Within our capital we still are expanding the city by continue to build infrastructure that expands the metro city. Many of our merchants trade goods that are obtained from the middle east and trade them to the Rus for their items of trade. Nomadic pastoral grazers, graze the new territory we own with their domesticated animals to explore the new lands that were gained from expansion. Lots of outposts start to continuing construction along our boarders. With our wars against the Kipchak taking a toll, our turnout to Constantinople turns to be just a small percentage of our military helping the crusades out.
  • Hungary: King Géza of Hungary and Croatia offers 20.000 men to aid the Kievan army (Kievan response needed). The King travels to Croatia and accepts the crown. He ask the Pope to bless the Union (Papal Response Needed)
  • Kingdom of England: Now is the 25th year of the reign of King Harold II of House Godwin. He is married to Ealdgyth (Edith) of Mercia, which has tied House Godwin of England and the House of Mercia together in alliance. He has many siblings: Gyrth Godwinson, duke of East Anglia, who is married to Judith of Flanders; and Gunhild Godwinsdatter, a nun. Harold II has sired several children through Edith the Fair, his previous wife whom he married in Danish tradition. They are Godwine, King of Denmark, who is married to Princess Sigrid Svendsdatter of Denmark; Edmund, who is married to Margaret of Wessex and is unlanded; Magnus, Marklord of Wales, who is married to Gwenlian ferch Bleddyn thus forming an alliance with Gwynedd; Gytha, who is married to Alan mab Konan de Rennes; Gunhild, who is married to Lǫgmaðr Guðrøðarson. He also has sired Harold (1066 and married to Anna of Durham) and Ulf, who is unwed (1067). The population of England is roughly 2 million, with most of the population being centered around Winchester and London. Though the majority of the people in England are of Anglo-Saxon descent, there is a sizable Scandinavian population, especially in regions once under the control of the Danelaw. There are also a number of Britons, especially along the Welsh and Scottish borders as well as in Cornwall. Though the monarchy of England is more-or-less absolute, the Witenagemot is a folkmoot of secular and clergymen who advise the king, discuss legislation, and hold judicial hearings should the need arise. If the reigning monarch were to die, the new one will be chosen among the eligible Æthelings in England, though they typically choose members of the deceased monarch’s family. Harold II is widely popular throughout England, especially among the thanes. Though he maintains alliances with those in his family as well as with the sons of Ælfgar of Mercia, tensions are known to run between earls from the north and south of England. About 5,000 men, led by Godwine Haroldson, march to put down the rebellion and free the Jarl of Jutland. They offer a bounty for Olaf the Hungry, hoping one of the rebels will give them up. The men are told to be merciful to anyone who surrenders and shows fealty to Godwine Haroldson. Knowing the populace may chafe under such heavy taxation, Godwine delays the geld payments for a year for all but the richest Danes. The tax collectors instead focus their efforts on England as the survey the landscape and collect information for the census. The process of surveying England reveals that the construction of castles along the Welsh and Scottish borders has progressed well, though the interior of England has seen focus largely shift away from castlebuilding, especially in the past decade of natural disaster after natural disaster. For now, resources are being spent either aiding Denmark or preparing for whatever is happening north. Before the war with Denmark, England had prepared its soldiers in the Marklands to jump at the first sign of trouble. Now, trouble has reared its ugly head, and its name is full-scale revolt throughout Scotland. There is a revolt of the Scots against Norse influence. The growing Norse influence in the British Isles outside of England has been concerning through Harold II's court, though with the marriage of his sister Gunhild to Lǫgmaðr Guðrøðarson with the intention of curbing a growing Scotland, England offers to sell some used ships from its Danish campaign to the Isles at discounted prices. Harold II calls his witan in late June to discuss what should be done about the intervention from the Norwegians. Though many of his northern vassals are eager to unleash their armies, the southern vassals argue that now is not the time for a war of aggression. Harold II believes that, though the Dunkeld Brothers represent Scotland's best chance of holding off the Norse, they will unite the Scots against English territory in Lothian and Northumbria if they have their way. The king believes it best to wait, allow England some breathing room between wars, and check to see how everyone is doing come next spring. One freak tornado and a Papal conclave later, Harold II pledges 3,000 men, led by Edmund Haroldson, to the Crusade. They leave England not knowing the utter shitshow that is about to happen. Godwine Haroldson is captured by pirates in Denmark after beating Olaf to the coast. Edwin Godwinson is put in de facto control of the army and the young prince presses another attack to capture Olaf. Assuming some offer of ransom is sent, the armies know who holds Godwine. They launch a plot to rescue him. [Mod response/algo]
  • Georgia: As the Kipchak war is over The troops enrolled to Alania come back and they are sent to Constantinople front, with some reserve units (6,000 in total). David has the interest to marry with a Rus noble. [Player response]. Giorgi II oversees the construction of the fortress on the frontier with Seljuks. More roads were added in the eastern part of the domain, for increasing the trade. With the pacification and the restorations works in Tbilisi, the city starts to flourish again.
  • Lithuanians: In those warm days of summer, the royal family officially accepted the God's word in their minds and hearts. Naujokaitis, Austeja, Užugiris and Algimantas were christened as: Lukas, Sophija, Mattis and Dominykas respectively. In autumn, some preachers and converts with 1,440 men (for protection against possible uprisings) went to Samogitia and some churches are raising there.
  • Emirate of Toledo: Journals of the life of Omar I al-Rasheed in January indicate a time of jubilee for the Emir. In the Castle Zamora, the light glistened brightly as the quarters indoors filled with members of the court. The marriage of Amirah and Omar would commence. The date was January 17, 1091. It was a period of truce between the enemy and the victorious army of Al-Andalus. Omar had speculated how long it would be before another outbreak of war would occur. The rays of the sun and bright blue sky laid upon the arid plains to the south as he looked out from the castle across the sapphire waters of the Douro River. At this moment with his wife, he felt as if he stood from the top of the Toubkal in the mountains of the atlas. Amirah on the other hand looked brightly ahead to her future, not knowing what to come but happy with the man she had learned to fall in love with. Just the year before Omar had met with her father,  Christian of Leonese Nobility. Him and his assets were to be seized as well as his role stripped as count after what would be his execution. With a merciful heart though, Omar had made a deal. In the journals written in the spring of 1090, it was believed Omar had seen Amirah de Zamora out across the Douro River, the very river that they both gaze upon at present. After meeting Amirah in her father's quarters after interrupting the Emir and the counts meeting to offer wine and a pitcher of fresh water as they discussed the current situation, Omar decided to make an offer they could not refuse. The Count of Zamora would be granted administrative lead over the city of Alcoi to the south. He would have to disown his possessions in Zamora but gain a minor position in the court of Toledo. In addition to keeping his life and this newfound status, Amirah would be married to Emir Omar I. Now back at present, the Emir and his wife would head back to Toledo and leave El-Huadiz to his possessions of Zamora. In the Castle of Toledo, the Emir would be greeted with quite the interesting proposition. A demand to be a vassal to the Almoravid Dynasty is given. This is an exclusive offer seeing that the taifas had been given the order to submit. The fall of Seville being another interesting event that lingers in the thoughts of his. His father who was king prior had struggled against the Emir of Seville and to see him topple so easily shows the fragile state of the taifas in comparison to Toledo leaving no wonder for why Yusuf himself had arrived to clean house of "our weaker brothers" as Omar would write. This raises questions over our allies of the past but now there really isn't much prospect to look forward to for the future of Toledo if they bite the very hands that fed them. This was clearly evident when Omar would later write  "The Christians are vultures waiting for one of us to falter and in an instant, they would swarm on us all one by one. Yusuf sees this and to the princes this may be evil but to me, this is a saving grace for our future". To Omar this is all about survival. "In a situation where the taifas led a resistance movement, who would they call as an ally when the Christians lead an army to come for all of their heads? The very leaders that promised us a future and salvation that we had betrayed?". This would be paraphrased from a later restored version of the missing pages from Omar's Journal entries. In the end, Omar agrees full heartedly with utmost loyalty to be a vassal of the Almoravids. During this time Uwrlandu II, the former vizier's son begins a pilgrimage to Baghdad where he intends to study at the many libraries of the city. He brought 48 other scholars alongside him to set sail for Alexandria after Omar I insisted to bring as many others with him. They would be tasked with returning a bounty of wealth and knowledge as a commission from the Dhunnunid Dynasty. Meanwhile Albarracín sees an expansion of fortifications as well as an order being given by El-Huadiz to begin working on the walls of Zamora. The Castle should expand with city walls beyond the castle to make it a great site of defense. Through these means, strong defensive points can be established. In the meanwhile, Valencia, an important muslim city of trade along the Northwestern Mediterranean coast sees a greater increase of ship construction with 8 more sent to be built in the provincial region as well as in Denía in the next 2 years. September 17, 1091 would arrive and Omar II Almunstasir, the Emir's son, would be born.

1092

After the conclusion of the Council of Ravenna, the Princes of Europe become ready to fight for the Will of God, launching the First Crusade. Robert Scalio of Apulia has been elected King of Jerusalem from the Hauteville dynasty. The Crusader armies are organized into four distinct groups, respectfully led by Count Godfrey of Boullion, Count Hugh the Great of Vernadois, Duke Robert Cutnose of Normandy, and Count Bohemond of Taranto. [Note these are NPC armies, it doesn't include military contributed from players, which you can send wherever you want].

After the heroic victory narrowly defeating the Norse invasion, the two Dunkeld leaders rallies their two armies for a concentrated invasion of the north against Moray

After fleeing to the coast, the rebel leader Olaf is captured by the same pirates who had previously captured Godwine Haroldson, hoping to take two kings for the price of one. The two Danish kings Olaf and Godwine are forced to share bunk beds for three weeks, until their grit and will manages to work together to escape the pirates and return to Rokslide

The nobles in Croatia are confused by the inaction of Hungary, wondering if he will actually occupy the kingdom or not. This grows into particular anxiety as the armies of Dioclea are occupying the kingdom from the east.

The collapse of order in Denmark over the last decade has caused a large influx of Danish people to migrate north into Sweden, settling in the Swedish controlled areas of Scania and Halland. The new generation in these regions become infamous for adapting to a distinct Danish accent

Vratislaus II of Bohemia dies, and is succeeded by his eldest son Bretislav II. At this point, the rulers of Bohemia remain more of a puppet to the foreign Rankovich dynasty ruling in Moravia

William Rufus' rebellion is crushed by Robert II of Normandy, who works to rebuild the military of the Duchy

Su Song of China constructs a large clocktower powered by water in Kaifeng

The storms and flooding across England's coast has caused Kent to become inundated with water, reshaping the coast into the banks known as "Godwine Sands"

  • Britanny: Alan IV is estatic at the idea of a new military campaign. Being a military strategist, he orders a force of 2,000 men to be ready to set sail immediately. More galleys are built in early summer, and merchant ships are commissioned. He requests that 1,000 of his soldiers, led by Benedict, be able to march through France to Iberia (Mod response). Meanwhile, he leads another 1,000 on his galleys. He sends a messenger to Carmona, requesting that they let his army set camp in their land, offering to pay gold and gifts in order to stay in Carmona for a few months (Mod response). If both nations refuse, he shall sail his entire army into the streteching plains of North Africa, with light equipment and armour, and plans to sail in supplies every month. He puts his brother Matthew II in temporary control of the country, and orders a mass levy on all able-bodied men, to be trained and sent off to the camp within a year. Alan IV deploys all his forces on a long march through France to the Mediterreanean, whilst his galleys move through the Strait of Gibraltar to meet up with them. He decides to send his infantry first onto the desert plains, then 200 cavalry. The men have light swords and shields, whilst some 400 have spears and lances. The supplies are mainly water bottles, and the primary food is bread. Patrols are sent out to find camels to be used as a means of transport. In late August, after resupplying from home in the autumn season, his 2,000-strong force, with 200 cavalry and 150 camels to carry supplies and equipment, marches off to Anitoch, and lays siege to it (Algo request). More to be added.
    • France agrees and allows Britanny to join forces with Hugh the Great
    • Carmona is in Almoravid territory
  • Papal States: As soon as the Council of Ravenna was concluded late in 1091, the Pope exited the Basilica di San Vitale to address the enthralled crowd of the People's Crusade. The Pope gave a brief homily on the first chapter of the Book of Joshua, and exhorted the people to follow the princes of the four Crusader armies, as they are God's appointed ministers. He summons the navies of Venice, Pisa, Genoa, Barcelona and Apulia to dispatch these armies from Ravenna to their respective fronts of the Crusade, both the princely armies and the people. Immediately following this, the Pope assembles the stem Duchies and Cardinals to Ravenna to commence with a dual coronation, both Emperor and King. While the coronation of Emperor Berthold is not quite as glamorous or popular as the coronation of his father Rudolf, it was nonetheless made up for by its ceremonial significance, being in the same presence as the first King of Jerusalem, the Navel of the World. It was also officiated in the presence of every royal dignitary that was still around after the end of the Council of Ravenna. Berthold Rheinfelded is crowned Holy Roman Emperor, and Robert Scalio is crowned as King of Jerusalem. This ceremony, official as it was, would mean nothing without enforcing the claim by bringing Robert to Jerusalem in person. Robert is instructed to harry to the Holy Land along the same ships accompanying Godfrey of Boullion, which will land in Jaffa (Apulia response). In October 1091, the forces of Robert Curthose arrives by sea to attack the city of Tripoli in the Levant, consisting of 17,000 regular infantry, 3,000 knights, and 10,000 peasants of the Popular Crusade, being transported on 80 galleys from Venice and 80 from Pisa (algo request). In November 1091, the forces of Godfrey of Boullion arrive to seize the city of Jaffa, being accompanied by Peter the Hermit and numerous other Papal legates. This force consists of 21,000 infantry, 4,000 knights, and 10,000 peasants, transported by 90 galleys of Genoa and all the ships loaned from Naples and Barcelona (Apulia and Barcelona confirmation) (algo request). The Priest Fulcher of Chartres will preside over the holy rituals after the Siege of Tripoli, while Peter the Hermit tends to the flock under Godfrey of Boullion. The army of Hugh the Great, consisting of the greatest French and Flemish knights, will arrive in Spain on behalf of King Philip I of France, to assist the Emperor Ramon against the Saracens. This army consists of 8,000 infantry and 2,000 knights, along with 10,000 French and Flemish peasants. Finally, the call of Alexios will be answered by the fourth army of the Crusaders, led by Bohemond of Taranto. They will swiftly move across the Aegean Sea to arrive in Constantinople and relieve the siege by the Penchenegs, assisting the Kievan Rus there. This fourth army consists of 4,000 infantry, 1,000 knights, and 10,000 peasants of the People's Crusade. The Archbishop Gerard of York will act as the Papal ambassador to coordinate with the Byzantine Emperor, as well as ensure a smooth relationship with the resident Greek Patriarch.
    • Barring extenuating circumstances, 40 Catalan Galeras will assist the effort.
    • Duke Roger I Borsa offers 20 war galleys to assist the Crusade. Robert Scalio, King of Jerusalem, will led an army of 3,000 infantry soldiers and 500 knights. Robert's army will join his forces with Godfrey of Boullion and together they will reach Jaffa.
  • Kingdom of Sweden: After ruling for nearly 12 years,King Gustavus II dies after a short term sickness at the age of 41. He is succeded by Crown prince Gustavus Adolphus. The new king immidietly begins the royal tour over all of sweden,visiting such places as Visby and Gustavskrona in Gustavia. After that the young king inspect the army and issues a royal decree that it shall be increased to 10000 troops. After returning home,the various vassals arrive to swear to oath of lojalty to the new king. At the feast,the king meets a young woman only known as Altun who comes from a far far away land. The king immidielty falls in love and dedicates the entire feast to her. After the feast is over,the king proposes to her on the condition that she converts to christianity,a condition which she agrees on. After this they are married in the cathedral in Stockholm in a lavish ceromony. later in the year,the royal couple welcomes the birth of their son who they name Carl Johan.The new king accepts the alliance proposal by Norway. After many decisions the king agrees to send an army of 2000 swedes to join the crusades.
  • Al-Murābiṭūn: "10,000... are you sure?" Yusuf would ask, his hand brushing along his beard while he thought with great difficulty the challenge presented towards him. With his other hand, he would bring up the apple, of which he would take another bite before Mazdali ibn Tilankan would respond, "Yes Yusuf." The Sultan would then ponder as he sat atop the Palace throne situated in Al Mubarak. His advisors, vertically facing the throne were discussing war policy, with the adjacent room's conversations echoing and filling the palace chambers. "Mazdali Tilankan, this is a serious problem, 'so' serious in fact, I'm just not sure we can survive in Al-Andalus any longer..." silence would leave laughter to erupt between both men, with Yusuf finally saying, "When you sack the cities and kill the princes, do make sure Ali is there and present. I wish for him to see what his throne shall exert upon his succession." "Of course, Ali shall be in great care." With a nod and a bow, Mazdali ibn Tilankan would take to the streets of Seville, going to the barracks and brothels that held much of the army and began organization promptly. By March, after a few short battles between the forces of Granada and Mazdali, moreso proxy conflicts between a small army a dozen kilometers ahead and the Granadan forces, the capital would come into view by morning and the time had come. Mazdali's army compromised Sudanese contigents, numbering a total of 17,000 by the time of their arrival at Granada. The city would be besieged on March 15 (Algo Needed), meanwhile commander Syr ibn Abi Bakr, another one of Yusuf's frequent collaborators, would lead an army of 13,000 to Mercia around the same time for the same reasons (Algo Needed). This conquest of Al-Andalus was essential to the consolidation of the region in addition to hindering the continued aggression made by the northern emperors.
  • Petty Kingdom of Corcaigh: After experiencing a stunning defeat at the hands of the rebellious clans of the south, King Iomhar of Corcaigh (Cork) retains the presence of his 1.000 men, becoming determined not to yield to the southern clansmen and the Dunkeld brothers, Donald and Malcolm, leading them, viewing them as beneath him, but never again willing to make the same mistake he did when he marched south to crush their forces, never again willing to underestimate them, for he has learned a valuable lesson, greatly strengthening his resolve to see them dead, willing to do almost anything to get his vengeance from them, for this has now turned personal for him, after witnessing his younger brother, the only relative he had left in this life, to be slain by the clans. As King Iomhar of Corcaigh (Cork) has been given command of the joint allied host, he fervently oversees the construction of fortifications all along the Duchy of Moray by his forces, emphasizing on the defense of the castle of Iverness, blocking the mountain passages leading to the city from the east, south and west and posting a meagre force to fend off any enemy attempts to advance through these routes and also ride back and notify him to act accordingly to counter their movements, in order to cover his flanks, while mainly focusing on the construction of a fortified defensive line (an 1 meter deep trench with a 2,5 meter tall wooden wall behind it) along the coastal route [IRL locations: Newton of Petty - Culloden Moor - Dalroy], where he expects the enemy forces to advance through, to block their advance, arraying his troops to man up that defensive line, with the castle of Moray located in really short proximity from that line, ready to fall back with his army into the castle of Moray, determined to make his great last stand there, depending on the outcome of this decisive battle that is about to occur. [Algo Needed] Fully aware of the danger of his bloodline getting extinct and leaving no heir to suceed him as the King of Corcaigh (Cork), King Iomhar of Corcaigh (Cork) requests to marry a daughter or sister of King Kenneth IV, to whose defense he has rushed to, fighting alongside him all this time. [Mod Response] King Iomhar of Corcaigh (Cork) is upset that his allies, the Kingdoms of Waterford and Wexford, only dispatched 100 men combined to support their mutual ally, King Kenneth IV, although he refrains from showing his frustration with them in public. As King Ìomhar Mac Oitir of Corcaigh's regent, his Chancellor, continues to be on standby, preparing to defend the Petty Kingdom of Corcaigh (Cork), training levies and inspecting the defenses of his domain, the construction of defensive fortifications in the surroundings of the city of Corcaigh (Cork) takes place, as aggressive actions by the Ua Briain led coalition are to be expected. The reassertion of Norse influence over the southeast coast of Ireland has led to the reemergance of small scale raiding against the Irish clans in the area by the emboldened Norsemen.
    • Kenneth offers his daughter Hedwig (b. c.1075) to be married and agrees on the alliance at haste
  • Duklja: With the capture of the castle of Klis, Constantine Bodin now enjoys a strong defensive position. Rather than advance further into Croatia, Dioclean army stays in Klis and prepares to meet the Hungarians in the mountains of Dalmatia. Apart from several raids on the cities of Split and Trogir, no significant military action is taken. Instead, Constantine Bodin calls Croatian nobility to elect his brother Dobroslav the King of Croatia.
  • Duchy of Apulia and Calabria: With the election of Robert (Scalio) of Hauteville as King of Jerusalem, his brother Duke Roger I Borsa together with other nobles, reunite an army of 500 knights and 3,000 infantry soldiers to participate of the Crusade. Under the leadership of King Robert, the army travel to meet with Godfrey of Boullion and his soldiers. Robert's army unite with that of Godfrey and together they participate in the siege of Jaffa. The monk Serviliano of Reggio follows the Norman army, preaching for the Crusaders. Meanwhile, Duke Roger I Borsa and his wife Adela of Flanders have a son, who is named as Louis. The construction of the Abbey of Bova continues. The organization of the Abbey is made by the Italo-Norman Carthusian monk Boemund of Vandes, who Duke Roger plans to ask Pope Urban II to be appointed as Abbot of Bova. The urbanization of the Duchy continues, with several roadsalready made and restored.
  • Alania: In the new parts of our nation we continue to build forts to protect our lands. By the forts small villages increase in population with people moving from the capital of Maghas to the smaller villages. Our skilled workers continue to build more roads to connect us to other nations and trade routs. Within our capital we still are expanding the city by continue to build infrastructure that expands the metro city. Many of our merchants trade goods that are obtained from the middle east and trade them to the Rus for their items of trade. Nomadic pastoral grazers, graze the territory we own with their domesticated animals to help the aniamls be familiar to the lands they are using. The nomadic pastoral grazers are semi skilled in fighting and weapon use, so while doing their job with their domesticated animals they also protect our boarders from invations too. We also have professional trained troops on our boarders so we can keep our nation safe. Lots of outposts are continuing their construction along our boarders. The 3,000 troops that were sent to fight the crusades, is put into one of the four groups of larger mixed armies to fight with. Simon Kashibadze is accompanying the larger groups of troops at the crusade. His eldest son Luka is now the acting head general of the army while his father is away. His other son Dito is now in charge of the family farm until his father returns from the crusades wars. (Mod Response) A giant look out tower/clock starts contruction in the capital city. The king wants more bigger structures to be built so that people can see from higher distances and then see farther way. The construction of the biggest church in the region takes place this year, the church itself will have a massive bell that will be able to be heard for miles away from the city itself.
  • House Barcelona: The arrival of the forces of the Iberian Crusade inspires hope across Iberia that the Almoravid invasion may be resisted and even thrown back. However, after reviewing the grand force, Francesc de Cardona imparts his concern to his lord Pere-Ramon. “My liege, though these French knights are well met and certainly valuable warriors, we must be careful. They are not accustomed to our and our enemies’ tactics. We should make great effort to arrange training for them. Moreover, my lord, the peasants who accompany them are woefully in need of arms, training, and leadership. I would offer that we train them in the use of crossbows or, if proficient in their use, war bows. Through this we may be able to create a very powerful force of archers, one able to repel our enemies’ horsemen.” With this argument, Emperador Pere-Ramon is swayed to make haste, slowly. He persuades the French and Provençal nobility that the Iberian kings need the year to reform their armies. During that time the Iberian nobles hosting their French and Provençal counterparts subtly instruct them in the ways of war on the peninsula. The peasants that joined the campaign are similarly trained in volley fire, the crossbow, and war bows. These weapons are procured at great expense from manufacturers across Iberia, Provence, and France. Having seen to this, Pere-Ramon summons King Alfonso VI to treat before the campaign. “Alfonso, my part time rival, I know we do not always see eye-to-eye, but we are not dissimilar you and I. I wish to offer you a position at my side as Commander of the Vanguard and I will appoint to you a portion of those lands we may take. Should you wish to not join this endeavor, I will understand, but I must recognize a wise leader and experienced commander when given the chance.” After a brief conversation the two part ways. Returning to his work, Pere-Ramon utilizes Francesc de Cardona immensely. The young general has proven to be an excellent aid to the Emperor, and his service will be required in this endeavor. Francesc is granted de facto command of the joint Crusader force and will serve as aide de camp to Pere-Ramon during the crusade. As for strategy, the two determine that to root out Islam in Iberia they must act as a shovel in rooting out a tree. To do so they must take the coastline, securing Iberia from future incursions from Africa, and isolating the muslim states economically.
  • Kingdom of England: Now is the 26th year of the reign of King Harold II of House Godwin. He is married to Ealdgyth (Edith) of Mercia, which has tied House Godwin of England and the House of Mercia together in alliance. He has many siblings: Gyrth Godwinson, duke of East Anglia, who is married to Judith of Flanders; and Gunhild Godwinsdatter, a nun. Harold II has sired several children through Edith the Fair, his previous wife whom he married in Danish tradition. They are Godwine, King of Denmark, who is married to Princess Sigrid Svendsdatter of Denmark; Edmund, who is married to Margaret of Wessex and is unlanded; Magnus, Marklord of Wales, who is married to Gwenlian ferch Bleddyn thus forming an alliance with Gwynedd; Gytha, who is married to Alan mab Konan de Rennes; Gunhild, who is married to Lǫgmaðr Guðrøðarson. He also has sired Harold (1066 and married to Anna of Durham) and Ulf, who is unwed (1067). The population of England is roughly 2 million, with most of the population being centered around Winchester and London. Though the majority of the people in England are of Anglo-Saxon descent, there is a sizable Scandinavian population, especially in regions once under the control of the Danelaw. There are also a number of Britons, especially along the Welsh and Scottish borders as well as in Cornwall. Though the monarchy of England is more-or-less absolute, the Witenagemot is a folkmoot of secular and clergymen who advise the king, discuss legislation, and hold judicial hearings should the need arise. If the reigning monarch were to die, the new one will be chosen among the eligible Æthelings in England, though they typically choose members of the deceased monarch’s family. Harold II is widely popular throughout England, especially among the thanes. Though he maintains alliances with those in his family as well as with the sons of Ælfgar of Mercia, tensions are known to run between earls from the north and south of England. Word of the Scottish victory over the Norse reaches English courts and Harold II gathers his most powerful vassals in a Witan to determine the best course of action. Rumors of a possible noble marriage between the upstarts in Corcaigh and the family of Kenneth of Scotland lead the council to believe that some sort of unholy alliance could occur should Kenneth win against the rebels. Ulf Godwinson is sent as an emissary to the Dunkeld rebels. There, he discusses reigning in the marklords of Lothian and sending a force to defend the land of the rebels. Many of these marklords are Anglo-Danes. Ulf is an Anglo-Dane. Since the end of Roman occupation of Britain, the peoples of the island have been forged and reforged, stronger each time. Once, long ago at Lindisfarne, the Norse brought the sword to England. Over time, the English showed them just how to use it, now both at home and abroad. About 3,000 hiredmen, some veterans of the war with Denmark who already miss the heat of battle and the beckon of the Wyvern Banner, offer to join the Dunkeld brothers in exchange for the rights to what Scottish land remains south of the Antonine Wall. However, after the response from Norway to England's warning, these 3,000 men promptly march north to join the Dunkeld cause. Harold Haroldson tries to convince the Scots living in the southern uplands to likewise join. (Mod response) In the meantime, the rest of England is quite peaceful. The number of acts of God has gone down, no doubt because England joined the Crusade. Engineering projects that haven't been smote by an angry deity are finished. Castles along the Welsh border are finished and the border with the rogue Britons is as defensible as ever. Along the Scottish border, castles in the southern uplands have also allowed the English to turn the region into a veritable killzone for anyone foolhardy enough to invade the border region. In the sleepy town of Oxnaford, work is well under way on a number of building projects. One of them is a school. In fact, it is better than a mere school. This is a Lorehall, or what others might call a "university." Teaching may or may not have started by this point. We will check in later on Oxnaford Lorehall. This year, Edwin Godwinson has a son named Cnut. Although he suffers from poor eyesight, he is a healthy baby. As the newest generation of Godwins comes of age, a few marriage alliances are proposed. Wulfstan Godwinson (b.1072), Earl of Kent, is proposed to marry any daughter of age in France to secure an alliance with the Franks (Mod response needed). Ulf Haroldson is proposed to Marianne Johanesdottir of Sweden to form an alliance. The economy of England is doing well, with the most entrepreneurial Thanes using the money acquired in the war with Denmark to build ports, taverns, town halls, or trading fleets. The last one especially seems like the next big thing to transform England. An expedition is sent to Novgorod to establish trade relations. Additionally, Anglo-Saxon traders arrive in Saxony to establish an Anglo-Saxon-Saxon section of the Anglo-Saxon trade routes with Denmark and Germany. (Mod response needed for Novgorod, Saxon-Saxon response needed). Meanwhile in Roskilde, Godwine and Olaf escape a group of pirates. During their time in captivity, they became close and even worked together to escape. During his captivity, Godwine's forces managed to eliminate the rest of Olaf's forces. As he arrives in Roskilde with Olaf, the latter is named an oathbreaker and usurper. Breaking an oath in Medieval Scandinavia and in England was a terrible crime. For breaking his alliance, Olaf is tried, found guilty, and beaten to death. The reconstruction of Roskilde and Scania goes very well. As Godwine had managed to spare Jutland from the horrors of war, the region proves to be a saving grace for Denmark. Still, many Danes have migrated north to Sweden. This further confounds census-taking, which is still going well back in England. The regions that are abandoned soon become home to criminals and brigands. Land is sold at a discount and many Danes and Englishmen make their fortune this year acquiring empty farms... if they can manage to restore them. Many of the civilians who died in the war were either thralls or low-ranking freedmen. This seems to have put a massive and permanent dent in the slave population in Scandinavia, which was already diminishing by this point anyway. Archbishop Arnold of Roskilde writes to the Pope, taking much credit for freeing so many slaves and updating the Holy Father on the status of the remaining thralls in Denmark, which act more like peasants in other parts of Europe. The þēowe (thralls) in England by this point have also largely been freed from outright slavery and instead work the land in a way similar to peasants.
    • Donald and Malcolm accept the English alliance
  • Norway: Following the defeat of last year, Olaf falls back to Moray. He, along with some other Norse leaders oversee the construction of massive fortifications on the city. Our forces of 8000+ are stationed to defend it against the impending Scottish invasion. Olaf appoints Hakkon Magnusson the next person to lead the army in case things go awry. We aid Iohmar in the construction of fortifications of the nation, and we will fight valiantly for its defense. (Algo Needed) We send some of our troops to defend and block the crucial Mountain passes from the enemy. Back home, Magnus hears word of the first crusade. He sends a quarter of his forces in the south to link up with the Crusader army. (Mod/Player Response? IDK how this works so feel free to cross it out if I did something wrong) Norway wishes to open up relations with the new king of Sweden, Gustavus Adolphus (player response)
    • Kingdom of England: An invasion of the British Isles will not be tolerated. You are instructed to disband your army at once or be tossed into the sea, for there is not enough land in Scotland to bury so many men. You shall be given safe passage to Norway, or perhaps the Holy Land where the true enemy is.
    • Grand Prince Monomakh invites his norse kinsmen to come crusade in Anatolia, and llows them safe passage through the Varangian RIver system.
    • Kingdom of Sweden: Sweden reafirms Norways right to defend its interests in Scotland and warns England that any attack upon Norway will be met with with a response from sweden-
    • Kingdom of England: The Swedish delegate is politely but firmly told to sit back down.
    • Kingdom of Norway: We have our right to defend our interests in Scotland. We will not cave in, and we order more forts and defenses to be constructed in Moray and Norway.
  • Kievan Rus: Grand Prince Vladimir II Monomakh Returns to Kiev to to news of the great victory at Constantinople, and to a young Monk by the name of from the Cave Monastery with news that Nikon the Dry has passed but on his deathbed he claimed that Hegumen Feodosy of Kiev had spoken to him telling him it was god's will that the the Muslim Heathens be driven from the frontier of Christianity and the Holy land reclaimed. Seeing this as a sign the Patriarch of Kiev calls on all the Rus to come to the aid of their kin in the Near East, Grand Prince Monomakh echos this call. 1,500 Druzhina from Kiev answer the call along 3,000 more Chorni Klobuky, meanwhile a voyi of 12,000 peasants and freemen join the call. The force ships off to Constantinople to join Forces with Pytor. messengers are sent to the ret of the Rus asking those who wish to join the crusade answer the call (Mod response) In Constantinople Pytor Ivanovich coffers in a grand council with the Greeks and the latins under Bohemond of Taranto to decide on the next course of action. Pytor Ivanovich segguest that the Crusaders await the reinforcements and take the time to build up siege equipment across the straits and build up a force there. to make combined assault on Smyra using the combined Crusader Fleets help take the fortress and then from there progress into the interior of Anatolia. To this end he requests that Alexios begin mustering Greeks to help out mainly Greek engineers, and as many volunteers as possible (Papal and Mod response needed).
    • The Byzantine armies are brought up to 18,000 from the morale boost of having Orthodox allies present in the capital.
    • 5,000 Rus peasants will join the Crusade.

1093

While hunting in the mountains, Sultan Malik-Shah suddenly falls dead. The vizier, Nizam al-Mulk, is blamed, almost by reflex. The Seljuk Empire then spirals into confusion, as reports of a Christian invasion from the west make their way to Isfahan around the same time. When the guards at Isfahan jail are distracted, Kilij Arslan, the son of Suleiman ibn Qutalmish, makes a daring escape. He leads an army of Yiva Oghuz to Anatolia, where he ousts the governor and retakes the Sultanate of Rum. Meanwhile, the other beys start fighting for control of eastern Anatolia. The Emir of Damascus takes charge of the effort to defend the shores of the Levant against the Crusader onslaught.

Following the surprise intervention of the Christians and the defeat of their advance units in Thrace, the Pechenegs regroup near the defensible Balkan Mountains. Accepting that the jewel of the crown is now too well-guarded, they disperse back to their usual tribes and governorates, remaining at the ready should the war horns blow or an opening arise. They also manage to exact tribute from the Theme of Macedonia.

Bohemond, now styling himself Duke of Durazzo and Arbano in addition to Prince of Taranto, takes advantage of the chaos of the crusade to establish control over over Thessalonica and Strymon before reaching Constantinople to convene with Pyotr. Emperor Alexios is appalled to see his mortal enemy approaching, and opts to hold the meeting outside the city instead. He hastily agrees to the Rus' suggestions, anxious to send the Normans off to Anatolia as soon as possible.

The recent victory of the Norse-Gaelic alliance in Scotland has reached a stalemate in the Scottish Civil War, as the Scottish clans still hold power across the south with English backing, while the north has a large population of immigrant Nordic people. This has effectively restored Scotland to its ancient borders with the Nordic Kingdom of Morray set in the northern coast.

The Croatian nobles revolt against Hungary, seeing as his army is ineffective to occupy their country. They depose Queen Helena and elect Peter Snac as the new King of Croatia. They ask Dioclea to leave or they will have to attack the Castle Kis.

Anslem of Aosta is made Archbishop of Canterbury

The kingdom of Semien begins a series of expansions into the former Empire of Aksum. The descendants of Queen Judith are attempting to consolidate their reign over Beta Israel to defend their Jewish kingdom from the Christians along the Blue Nile and the Muslims to the north in Egypt.

A particularly bad series of storms leads to intense flooding in southern India, destroying crops and homes.

Empress Dowager Gao of the Song Dynasty passes away and is replaced by Emperor Zhezong, who immediately begins to purge his court of the previous administration. Relations with the Western Xia begin to disintegrate.

  • Britanny: (first of all, my Antioch siege hasn't gone through the algo). Alan IV calls for his 1,000 reserves that had been levied and trained whilst he was gone. He also converts five of his galleys to have long spears, the equivalent of a naval ship. He also trains 300 of his soldiers to be proficient in archery, adding an archer detachment to his Crusader force. A lot more to be added...
    • I'm not in charge of the algo, but I would guess its delayed because Antioch is a bit inland from Tripoli, so you are better off joining the rest of the Crusaders there
  • Scotland: King Malcolm III quickly reaffirms his support for the English, and prepares for a more aggressive approach to the civil war. With his 10,800 soldiers of the 2nd Alban Army, and 7,000 under his son Edgar coming, he decides to engage the Norse enemey at Bogroy, or Inchmore. Most of his soldiers are infantry, with a light contingent of infantry and archers. His force, made up of men in the Highlands region, knows the terrain well, and so they have no difficulty forming up on the battlefield, or fighting on their home land. He makes the first move by firing arrows into the city, then attacking on all three sides (Algo request). His plan is to hold the line long enough for Edgar's force, coming within a few days, to arrive. Meanwhile, he begins to build a fleet of 10-20 galleys, which takes a lot of time given most of the workers are off in battle. He knows that the Norse has a foothold in his region, but they do not have a lot of strategic locations, which is what Malcolm is after. Furthermore, in his officer's tent with his officers, he realises that he cannot invade Norway- he barely has a fleet, save a few merchant and trading ships. So, he calls for local clans and tribes to contribute directly to the war effort, primarily sending soldiers or making weapons (Mod response for the recruitment). He also sends a messenger to Norway: "You have been preparing for the rain. Now the clouds have passed." In other words, we have no intention of an invasion... not just yet.
    • Those numbers are fairly high even if Scotland was at full strength, there are a total of 12,000 foreign men in this conflicted between both sides, so Id say the numbers for Scotland are closer to 7,000-8,000 max.
    • To be specific your own army is 7-8k max, which is what Scotland was using in the war up to this point. You currently have 4k total foreign troops helping you (3k from England and 1k from Limerick), giving a total of 11-12k size army you can work with. Let me know if you have any questions
    • Scotland: Very well, very well, let's say 7,000 laying siege with the foreign soldiers to come within a few days. (Algo request) I was working off your database by the way.
    • The armies on the database are updated on the fly because "standing armies" don't exist at this time period, its more for reference than a strict policy.
  • Kingdom of Norway: Norway will not back down, we send around 1500 more troops from the mainland to scotland, and we build fortifications at the border. In addition, we block a large amount of crucial mountain passes from the enemy. Following the Scottish assault, Olaf assembles a force of 8900 to Link up with Cork’s forces in Iverness (or wherever they are). We carry out much of the same strategy that Iohmar’s forces used. (Algo) To the east, our forces of 1000 make the safe trek through the Kievian lands. The army links up with the rest of Kiev and their alliy’s forces. Back in Scotland, the building of forts throughout the Duchy of Moray continues. In the war free north, more people from Norway are immigrating in Northern Scotland to start a new life. These people will become infamous for intermixing with the local Scottish and creating a distinct mixed identity in the future. Not wanting to risk a counter invasion on the city of Moray, the settlement is fortified, with forts and castles and watchtowers built in the vicinity.
    • (Out of character) I've never heard of two turns in a year. (Johnson)
    • What do you mean, that was a response to scotland. Yeah ok maybe I formatted it wrong but wasnt a whole turn. Fitzy
    • 1. Your first turn in this year was on you not backing down and sending 1500 men over. 2. If you don't know where your allies are, maybe your king doesn't either. (Johnson)
    • ????? I was just unceartain where cork's army was due to the long turn. In character i would still know where they were because they are my allies. What point are you making?? Also that was a response to scotlands turn on not backing down. So how is it two turns, other than not being formatted properly. Regardless, I think we should let the mods decide. (Fitz)
    • There have been numerous examples of this kind of thing, 2 or even multiple posts in the same turn that lead to terrible formatting, occuring in the past and it has never been disallowed, nor even a discussion arose to disallow such a thing, simply because it is much more convenient for players who have issues to coordinate with each other due to their different (or even completely opposite) timezones, he has also specified that his previous post was Work In Progress (W.I.P.) in his turn above, as in unfinished, that there was "more to come", so he could quite literally move everything from here to his previous post, editing it to include all of the additional text here. If you have an issue with the formatting, that could be debated, but there is no rule that disallows players from posting their turns in an unfinished state and completing them later on, as long as they mention that they posted their turn in an unfinished state in the first place. So, in conclusion, I would say that Fritz is very well within his rights to improperly format his text, which even through ugly in the eye, it is still allowable by the game's rules, especially since he specifically stated that his first post in this turn remains in an unfinished state and excuse me if I'm wrong here, but this comes off to me like you're trying to use the strawmen fallacy and argue semantics in order to invalidate the most crucial parts of his post in this turn and thus gain a substantial advantage in your ongoing war against your main opponent, which is by default an act of metagaming. (Bear)
    • Only pointing it out, ok? Didn't mean any harm or meta-gaming. (Johnson)
    • Mod: moved Norway's post to connect with his original post that said "more to come". This isn't a case of metagaming as he originally said to send 1500 "more" troops which would be around this same number. Please sign your posts, but it would be preferred to contact a mod than starting an unnecessary argument
  • Duklja: Although Constantine is disappointed by Croatian nobility electing Peter Snac (rather than his brother Dobroslav) the King of Croatia, at least Hungary is no longer a threat. Klis, however, is a prize Constantine doesn't want to let go. In this ancient castle, once the capital of Croatian monarchs, he proclaims Dobroslav the Count (Župan) of Primorje and gives him Klis as a fiefdom. Dobroslav swears fealty to Constantine as his suzerain. The army stays in Klis, still waiting for an enemy which doesn't seem bother to come. Meanwhile, negotiations are held. Nearby cities of Split and Trogir are asked to provide the crusader army with ships, and are threatened with more raids if they dare to refuse (the Pope would hopefully notice the efforts of Constantine). Messages are also exchanged with Peter Snac - Constantine offers him to recognize Peter's rule over Croatia and conclude a defensive alliance against Hungary in exchange for accepting Dioclean claims on Klis. (Mod Response).
    • Peter Snac agrees under the condition that compensation be given.
  • Kingdom of Sweden:With peace once again hitting Sweden. The king begins the second northern offensive against the local sami people with 4000 troops being diverted to that front. They are to be commanded by Einar Graburg,General of the northern realm(algo needed). The king visits the Skånelinjen(the defensive line consisting of three forts,blocking the entrence into sweden proper. These forts are named Gustavia,Hallsberg and Engholm. These three forts slowly but steady begins to develop into smaller settlements outside the forts,therefore providing the forts with ample food and water. Meanwhile the king recives word that the scottish nation might be planning an invasion of Norway should they win in Scotland. Therefore the king makes prepearation to send an addional 500 troops to norways capital.
  • Papal States: With the crushing defeat of the Seljuks by the combined Catholic army landing in Jaffa, the Crusaders under the banner of Godfrey de Boullion walks ashore onto the blessed Holy Land. This marks the first successful military offensive outside of Europe since the fall of the Roman Empire. The people pray in reverence for the land which is truly flowing with milk and honey, which the wretched Saracens have occupied since the apostacy of Mohammed. Every road and town from now one was once treaded by the feet of Jesus Christ himself and his apostles, they very footsteps of God on Earth. This and other sayings are presented to the Crusaders in a homily by Peter the Hermit, who is all-too pleased to organize his surviving peasant army into the Promised Land. Hearing word that the Seljuk Sultanate is now falling into disorder, the time had come for Godfrey to press on to capture the Holy City itself, leaving a defensive force of 4,000 troops behind to defend the coast. As many villages and smaller cities between Jaffa and Jerusalem capitulate to the invaders, Robert Scalio takes command to nominate individual Counts and Mayors for administration of these lands, of which Giselbert of Clermont is named Count of Jaffa. After receiving a report on the situation in Palestine so far, Pope Urban writes back to stress that it will do them no good to achieve glory in body if they defile their soul, and as such they should uphold all Christian virtues of mercy, generosity and kindness to the people they have subjugated, so as to be a better Godly example than the godless Saracens that ruled before. Being fully supplied and well-fed, the army under Godfrey de Boullion proceeds to lay siege to Jerusalem with 30,000 troops, comprising the same proportions as before. The army is divided into two groups, as Godfrey of Boullion himself leads an assault attacking from the north, while Raymond of Tolouse brings his army up from the south. After cutting off any outer defenses for the city, the Crusaders then bring Italian siege weapons to mount of the walls of Jerusalem from the outisde. (algo request). Meanwhile, the army of Robert Curthose is making their way to siege the city of Antioch. Robert Scalio wrote to this army from the south, indicating his decision naming Rotrou of Perche as the new Count of Tripoli. After receiving this letter, many people in the Norman army were aghast to hear that Jerusalem was already under siege, and begin arguing with Robert Curthose why they are wasting time at Antioch when the Holy City is almost taken. The Norman Duke, with many flattering language, manages to calm down most of the army on their approach to Antioch, but about 500 knights breaks off to join with Godfrey. About 4,000 troops are left behind to occupy the newly-formed County of Tripoli. The remaining 25,000 troops under Robert Curthose arrives to begin the siege of Antioch, joining the forces of Alan of Brittany (algo request).
  • KIevan Rus: On the 12th of April, in the year of our lord, his majesty, King Vsevolod I of Kiev passes, following his funeral, The Patrairch of Kiev crowns Vladimir II Monomakh King of the Rus before the Veche. Trae cotinues to grow. Missionaries continue to spread the word of god among the Rus and their neighbors. Pyotr Ivanovich decides to move on Smyrna. Following a year of resupplying and preparations for a prolonged campaign The Rus-Norman forces march. Pyotr settles on a loose siege for the city, He decides on using the hilly geography of the region to his advatange setting up choke points to blocakde the city by land while the combined crusader fleet blockades the waterways into the city just outside of range of the two approaches to the port. Keeping the Druzhina and Latin knights in reserve he has the infatry build earthernwork fortifications from which the Rus and Latin archers may operate, while The Chorni Klobuky scout the area toensure no encirclement (Algo Requested).
  • Petty Kingdom of Corcaigh: King Iomhar of Corcaigh (Cork) marries Hedwig, King Kenneth IV's daughter, in a magnificent, but rashed ceremony, sealing his alliance with the Scottish King in the process. Later that year, Hedwig bares him a son, known as Rögnvald amongst his people and as Raghnall to the Irish. After successfully driving off the Scottish clans from Iverness, in what was called the miracle of Iverness, he backs down on his previous tactic of strengthening the fortifications surrounding the city of Iverness and in the the whole of the Duchy of Moray in general. Still aware that he holds a significant disadvantage and utterly unwilling to face a similar defeat like the one he experienced 2 years ago by hastily invading the territory of an overwhelming foe, he staunchly refuses to fall into his enemy's tactics and advance as far as Bogroy to engage his Scottish foes, with the allied host under his command falling behind and manning up his recently constructed fortified defensive line along the coastal route [IRL locations: Newton of Petty - Culloden Moor - Dalroy], which is the only route of advance, the same defensive fortification line that enabled him to successfully fend off the previous Scottish attempt to march to Iverness, while also fervently overseeing the joint effort of the allied forces to further fortify that defensive fortifications line even further [digging an extra 1 meter for the trench, now filling it with sea water, while also adding up another 1,5 meters to the existing wooden wall behind the trench and reinforcing its wooden base with stone to render it more solid, transforming his existing defensive fortifications line to one wiith a 2 meter deep trench, filled with sea water and a 4 meter tall wooden wall with a stone base behind it), with the castle of Iverness located in really short proximity from that line, ready to fall back with his allied host behind the safety of the formidable walls of the castle of Iverness ready to retreat to the safety of the walls of the city of Iverness with his allied host if the defensive fortifications line is breeched, determined to make his great last stand there. Additionally a meagre force is posted to stall any enemy attempts to advance through the mountain passages of the Highlands leading to the city from the east, south and west, but also ride back in great haste and notify King Iomhar, if they decide to divide their forces and march against us with the intention of flanking us, so that he can act accordingly to counter their movements by retreating within the safety of the imposing walls of the castle of Iverness from the defensive fortifications line. At the same time, neither is King Iomhar willing to allow his enemy to advance as North as Inchmore, instead utilizing the advantage that the defense of this mountainous terrain provides him to the maximum degree possible, to face this numerically superior enemy force with the numerically inferior allied host under his command, deciding to block their route of further advance to the North by assembling and hidding all of the allied forces at the abundance of lushness which covers most of the depth of the narrowest part of the southern pass (IRL Alltsigh - The Lochside Hostel area) is right next to the Loch Ness Lake, which along with the tall bushes blending in the tall trees that cover most of the southern pass, rendering it almost impassable and certainly impossible to see through, making it the perfect cover for a surprise attack, where the allied host would ambush the overextended portions of the enemy's overstreched marching formations (similar to the IRL Battle of the Teutoburg Forest), where the terrain would provide them with the ability to effectively nullifying the enemy's numerical advantage by arraying the ranged forces of the allied host in a wide fashion, raining down a sea of arrows and tying up their startled opponents from assisting their flanks, luring them to go after them into the forest further inland, which is filled with a wide range of freshly laid out traps by our allied forces, allowing our melee units, our bravest warriors that lead this charge, to encircle the bulk of their forces by fiercely descending upon the two ends and the middle of their overstreched formations with this well coordinated surpise attack, cutting them down and fiercely pressing on with our attempt to push them further towards the Loch Ness Lake, utterly overwhelming them in the process, while at the same time intentionally leaving enough of an opening for the most disheartened formations of the enemy forces to flee for their very lives, while also posting adequate forces to defend the flank of the allied host by ambushing whatever scouts the Scottish clans make use to scour the forest path (Great Glen Way IRL), which is entirely impossible to traverse a full army from, much less resupply it. Thus halting the Scottish clans advance by crushing their forces on their way to Inchmore, which is located to the west of the city of Iverness. The only way to bypass the Southern route would be to traverse through the treacherous Western Highlands passes through Loch Alsh, which, being firmly within the territories of the Kingdom of the Isles, which is the bitter rival of the Scottish clans and would never allow them through their lands willingly and would oppose their advance within their heartlands, in either case we would learn of it and adjust our plans accordingly, marching a flexible smaller force of 2.500 men, under King Iomhar of Corcaigh (Cork) himself, that is seperated from the allied host in Iverness, to wear the forces of the Scottish clans through the clever use of guerilla tactics and scorched earth tactics, depriving them of food and shelter, burning all villages and scotching all fields alike in or near that path, while also repeatedly ambushing isolated pockets of the enemy's forces on the narrowest parts of these tricky passes, all the way to Iverness, beneath the safety of the walls of which King Iomhar and his harassing forces retreats in the end, preparing to make his last stand defending the city of Iverness, depending on the outcome of this decisive battle that is about to occur. [Algo Needed] King Iomhar of Corcaigh (Cork) retains the presence of his 1.000 men to the ongoing wareffort in defense of his ally, King Kenneth IV, becoming determined not to yield to the southern clansmen and the Dunkeld brothers, Donald and Malcolm, leading them, viewing them as beneath him, but never again willing to make the same mistake he did when he marched south to crush their forces, never again willing to underestimate them, for he has learned a valuable lesson, greatly strengthening his resolve to see them dead, willing to do almost anything to get his vengeance from them, for this has now turned personal for him, after witnessing his younger brother, the only relative he had left in this life, to be slain by the clans. King Iomhar of Corcaigh (Cork) is upset that his allies, the Kingdoms of Waterford and Wexford, only dispatched 100 men combined to support their mutual ally, King Kenneth IV, although he refrains from showing his frustration with them in public. As King Ìomhar Mac Oitir of Corcaigh's regent, his Chancellor, continues to be on standby, preparing to defend the Petty Kingdom of Corcaigh (Cork), training levies and inspecting the defenses of his domain, the construction of defensive fortifications in the surroundings of the city of Corcaigh (Cork) takes place, as aggressive actions by the Ua Briain led coalition are to be expected. The reassertion of Norse influence over the southeast coast of Ireland has led to the reemergance of small scale raiding against the Irish clans in the area by the emboldened Norsemen.
  • Alania: In the new parts of our nation we continue to build forts to protect our lands. By the forts small villages increase in population with people moving from the capital of Maghas to the smaller villages. Our skilled workers continue to build more roads to connect us to other nations and trade routs. Within our capital we still are expanding the city by continue to build infrastructure that expands the metro city. Many of our merchants trade goods that are obtained from the middle east and trade them to the Rus for their items of trade. Nomadic pastoral grazers, graze the territory we own with their domesticated animals to help the aniamls be familiar to the lands they are using. The nomadic pastoral grazers are semi skilled in fighting and weapon use, so while doing their job with their domesticated animals they also protect our boarders from invations too. We also have professional trained troops on our boarders so we can keep our nation safe. Lots of outposts are continuing their construction along our boarders. A giant look out tower/clock continues its construction in the capital city. The king wants more bigger structures to be built so that people can see from higher distances and then see farther way. The construction of the biggest church in the region continues its construction place. We send our condolences to the new king of KIevan Rus after hearing of the passing of King Vsevolod I, King Giorgi and his son David go up to the Klevan Rus lands to attend the funeral. When Vladimir II Monomakh gets crowned we send a gift to him to congradulate him of his new title. Our brave troops are somewhere in east Anatolia after getting routed by Pechenegs but then the Hungarian Black Horses come save them from almost getting destoryed. Our kings son David is actively looking for a wife to marry. (Anyone can respond)
  • Nordmark/Brandenburg: The Margrave of Nordmark declares the independence of his realm, Nordmark (Northern March), from the Duchy of Saxony. He persuades his surrounding Marches to secede from Saxony and unite under a confederation known as the Geronian Confederation.
    • Mod response: they decline at the moment
  • House Barcelona: With the crusader forces assembled the army swells to well over 55,000 men, an unmanageable number in the less-forgiving core of Spain. To increase the chances of success in this effort, Pere Ramon grants command to a force comprised of British Longbowmen and Men-at-Arms, the forces from Brittany and Provence, and the forces of Castile, Galicia, and Aragon to Alfonso VI with the other two kings to serve as advisors and deputy commanders. This force, numbering nearly 18,000 is to first retake those areas captured by Toledo. They are then to proceed down the coast and secure the important city of Lisboa. From there they shall attempt to distract any Muslim forces advancing north into Castile, Leon, and Galicia and generally maintain a strong harassing defense. To cause chaos in the core of the peninsula, 2,000 Jinetes are deployed under the leadership of one of Alfonso’s top commanders to raid Muslim supply lines, attack reinforcement columns, and harass the enemy should they pursue any of the larger forces. Meanwhile, the main host of French, Catalan, and Flemish warriors, numbering 36,000 are to proceed down the coast, raising Albarracín to the ground before proceeding to lay siege to Valencia. (Algo Needed) To aid in this endeavor the fleet of 70 Galeras Normandals, fast well-handling ships of substantial power, is recalled and used to blockade Valencia, as well as probe the harbor defenses. Hugh II, Count of Empúries is placed in command, a veteran of the previous Balearic Campaign, his skills as a naval commander are respected throughout Catalonia. Siege weapons are to be brought with both armies to aid in the fighting. Tactically, Fransesc de Cardona employs his old tricks. He uses local soldiers to scout for his army, and, upon contacting the enemy, uses his cavalry to bait the enemy into attacking his forces while they hold defensible positions. Expecting any major battle to take place on the mountain road to Valencia, Francesc counts on his archers’ superior crossbows to defeat those of his enemy. The rough terrain should impede cavalry on both sides, forcing any such contest into a linear battle wherein the side with better positioning and superior range would have the advantage. With that in mind, he intends to be certain to keep his archers on the high ground. His advance south from Zaragoza takes him past Albarracín to Requena where he turns east, approaching Valencia from the west and trapping his enemy between the high-ground and the sea. To the west, Alfonso VI is given more or less free reign to pick his battles as he pleases. Arriving at the walled city of Zamora to find it very well defended, Alfonso decides to thus pick his battles. He marches south to Salamanca, laying siege to the less well defended city and cutting his enemy’s lines of supply and communication. (Algo Needed)
  • Kingdom of England: Now is the 27th year of the reign of King Harold II of House Godwin. He is married to Ealdgyth (Edith) of Mercia, which has tied House Godwin of England and the House of Mercia together in alliance. He has many siblings: Gyrth Godwinson, duke of East Anglia, who is married to Judith of Flanders; and Gunhild Godwinsdatter, a nun. Harold II has sired several children through Edith the Fair, his previous wife whom he married in Danish tradition. They are Godwine, King of Denmark, who is married to Princess Sigrid Svendsdatter of Denmark; Edmund, who is married to Margaret of Wessex and is unlanded; Magnus, Marklord of Wales, who is married to Gwenlian ferch Bleddyn thus forming an alliance with Gwynedd; Gytha, who is married to Alan mab Konan de Rennes; Gunhild, who is married to Lǫgmaðr Guðrøðarson. He also has sired Harold (1066 and married to Anna of Durham) and Ulf, who is unwed (1067). The population of England is roughly 2 million, with most of the population being centered around Winchester and London. Though the majority of the people in England are of Anglo-Saxon descent, there is a sizable Scandinavian population, especially in regions once under the control of the Danelaw. There are also a number of Britons, especially along the Welsh and Scottish borders as well as in Cornwall. Though the monarchy of England is more-or-less absolute, the Witenagemot is a folkmoot of secular and clergymen who advise the king, discuss legislation, and hold judicial hearings should the need arise. If the reigning monarch were to die, the new one will be chosen among the eligible Æthelings in England, though they typically choose members of the deceased monarch’s family. Harold II is widely popular throughout England, especially among the thanes. Though he maintains alliances with those in his family as well as with the sons of Ælfgar of Mercia, tensions are known to run between earls from the north and south of England. The battle against the saracen in Iberia rages on… yet many eyes are pointed northwards as the Norwegians seem to be attempting to fill the void left by Denmark. The year begins with England launching a series of raids on Norwegian ships travelling to Scotland. Many of these ships are left over from the invasion of Denmark. Because many of Norway and Scotland's ports are frozen by this point, most ships are coming from and going to southern ports. English ships are able to intercept enemy ships carrying supplies, soldiers, and orders. Later in the year, English ships focus primarily on any ships going into the Moray Firth. They focus primarily on stopping Moray from receiving supplies and resources, though the sailors that are plucked from the sea are interrogated. Occasionally, raiding parties will land, set fire to fields or fortifications, and sail away. The greatest act of espionage, however, comes when English agents attempt to set fire to Inverness' defenses, which would largely be wooden by this point. (Mod response needed for both raids and the burning of Inverness). Though the wotan is called to discuss how many people to field, Harold Haroldson personally spearheads the campaign. Most of the soldiers that are sent are Northumbria, though the odd warrior from Mercia is not too out of the ordinary. Harold II wishes to keep this war from spilling into Scandinavia, though Godwin Haroldson orders several attacks on Norwegian ships this year. The shipbuilders along the Kattegat coast, however, do keep busy making ships in case Norway decides to escalate things. During Scotland's invasion of the Inverness area, about 3,500 Northumbrians join the fray. By this point, the English raids should have had some noticeable effect on Moray's food supply. They are transported by English galleys that sail alongside the forces sent by Scotland. If they do run into trouble, these ships can easily provide support. If the force makes it to Inverness, the 3,500 men land to support the Scottish armies. In the meantime, fire ships are sent into Moray Firth to burn the fortifications, docks, and maybe all of Inverness in a raging inferno (Mod response needed for fire ships).
    • The fire ships severely hampers the Norse ability to supply their military
  • Emirate of Toledo: Valencia, the crown jewel of the Mediterranean port. Lord Said al-Can, the lord of Valencia and a retired privateer from the Barbary sits from his estate looking at the golden and lapis colored waters of the sea. In the past, the Emir oversaw the port and the Emirates fleet but now as of 1092, that duty had transferred to him. The 32 galleys at the port had not been needed for conflict since their attempt of taking the Balearic Islands. This mission unfortunately never would fall through and now the enemy in Barcelona administers their fallen brother's lands. He would smile for a moment, not thinking of much of what was to come. When he looked out to the rising sun, he could only think about how enjoyable it was to be at sea. It was in his blood after all and so too was the thrill. Known as "The Wolf" by the Barbary Privateers, he now faces a crusade by the sea. Merchant traffic had continued as usual and with this, rumors of a fleet approaching the shore quickly spread from the market place to the work space of the commander. He would send a letter that would dispatched on horseback and sent to the Emir immediately. In fact the urgency was so great, two horsemen would be sent to ensure the message was received. The Grand Vizier, el-Huadiz would read it while brushing his mustache. He wasn't surprised. It was his second year in this position after succeeding el-Rudrighiz who came before him. From all he had gone through up to this point, it was something he would react to only calmly as he would let Omar make the final decision. And with that order, just as the horsemen left, so would they return. In the end, the order was given with two words "Defend Valencia". That was all Naval Commander Said al-Can needed before he smirked, closed the letter, and went off to ready his men at the port. The court meeting a year prior had left all the lords of the emirate aware of the circumstances of this coming crusade. This had given the impression that al-Can had nothing to lose. All of the fleet would be used to protect the coastline at all costs. The 32 galleys would be used to their full potential. Being smaller but more agile and speedy than their larger Christian counterparts, they would be perfect in a sea of chaos. Prior to setting sail, a letter is sent to Yusuf asking for naval support in order to prevent further incursion on the shore (Almoravid Response). While at sea, al-Can would organize the galleys by 8 captains with each governing 4 ships. al-Can being in charge of his own group. The other 7 captains alongside al-Can would use their pack-like formations to avoid rammings by the christian vessels and isolate the ships to then rain arrows on them and then board them. The largest of ships would have flame arrows rained on them by Alramah Bowmen. The goal would be to set off firestorms aboard the wooden vessels and encourage chaos on board to slow down their reaction times since their speed would be a weakness. These tactics would encourage vulnerability and make it more likely for ships to be stormed and taken over but also destroy their fleet and send their plans sinking beneath the waves. The privateering tactics of al-Can would be applied in war for the first time. To the emirate, this war is just starting (Algo Needed). In addition, The Grand Vizier had rallied an army of the veterans alongside new blood and mercenaries after a call for jihad. This force numbered 24,000 men in total. 10,000 men would be sent out to guard Zamora's walls while 14,000 would be dispatched to defend Valencia. Omar I al-Rasheed would defend Zamora. Though it is the estate of the Grand Vizier, the city holds sentimental value to the Emir and his wife. Meanwhile Grand Vizier el-Huadiz would assist in the defense of Valencia by land with his cunning tactics against the larger army. North of Castellón de La Plana, a trap would be set by the crusaders in a territory they aren't very well familiar with. The arid rocky climate of the Sierra would leave the path of movement difficult. Supply lines would be assaulted by 700 troops using guerilla tactics alongside another 700 from Omar's army used on sabotaging missions as well. This would include setting fires, bowmen assaults, as well as triggering rocks slides in the rocky areas of far Northern Valencia. The main armies would remain stationed in Valencia and Zamora though. Valencia's fortress and Zamora's walls would do both the Emir and the Grand Vizier well. To inconvenience the crusaders that make it beyond the sabotage, the Carraixet River's bridges would be destroyed to prevent crossings to reach Valencia. The river's width would make the crossing of catapults impossible. This would leave the men left to either swim and drown or cross the treacherous Serra Calderona. By the time they reach the walls of Valencia, el-Huadiz hopes alongside Yusuf's aid, they can push these crusaders back as they would deliver them showers of arrows, and catapults launches. They also hope that the port may be protected to ensure that Valencia's supply may not be as jeopardized (algo response). Meanwhile Omar's army in Zamora would have an ensured supply line. The roads and bridges connecting the city to the south would ensure that supplies would be well in reach while it would be very difficult for the army to surround the city. The north face would have Alramah Bowmen ready while the south would constantly be scouted and secured. The Alramah Longbowmen would send flame arrows targeting camps and catapults hoping if enough would rain on them, the wood would catch fire and so would the men manning them as they would be equally targeted. Yusuf's men would be awaited to hold and then lead a counterstrike (algo needed). WIP
  • Al-Murābiṭūn: It was an early morning when messengers from Toledo would arrive in exhaust to Cordoba. They wished to speak to Yusuf ibn Tashfin, but of course, he was in Seville at the time. It's said that the messengers would forgo eating in an effort to reach the Sultan as quickly as possible, with one of them even catching a fever and perishing along the way. The messengers would finally arrive in Seville, but of course, their bad shape had deteriorated their look and weren't accepted initially based on their smell. However, after a banquet held by Yusuf in their honor, the plight of Omar I al-Rasheed would leave Yusuf feeling a certain way towards the northern kingdoms, more than he did prior and he already felt like they were imposing on him. So of course, this made him angry. "ERGH!" Yusuf would screech, "I'M ANGRY!!!" Yes, he was. This anger by Yusuf would be so hilariously painted by Dawud in his later years, though the original painting was lost sometime in the early 13th century. With that said, Syr ibn Abi Bakr ibn Tashfin would lead a number of Sudanese contigents to the aid of Toledo's vizier, el-Huadiz, in Valencia [Algo Response Needed]. Further emboldened to take action, Yusuf, along with Abu Bakr ibn Ibrahim ibn Tashfin, would march northward to Toledo, where with the knowledge of the attack, would march onwards to Salamanca [Algo Response Needed]. The policy of this year was simple: get off my fucking lawn. At the Battle of Salamanca, it's said that Abu Bakr ibn Ibrahim ibn Tashfin would make an attempt at killing Alfonso VI when given the opportunity. This opportunity would come when the armies engaged, and it would taken with Abu Bakr grabbing the tip of a small blade and whipping it at the monarch [Assassination RNG Response Needed]. The Almoravid navy is also sent to aid Toledo. WIP waiting for responses.
    • Response: 43. The attack on Alfonso severely wounds his arm but his personal guards comes in to protect him, capturing two of Abu Bakr's retainers in the process.
    • Despite this, Alfonso would die later in the battle, of injuries sustained while fighting.
  • Saxony: The Duke of Saxony sends an army of 10,000 troops to cancel the rebellion of the so-called "Northern March of Brandenburg" (Algo needed). If this is unsuccessful, the Duke sends word to the Holy Roman Emperor, his previous ally, requesting assistance in putting down this disturbance and challenge to the proper authority in the Empire. (Mod Response needed). An army of Saxon peasants sets off for the Holy Land to join the Crusaders' armies. An army of noblemen and knights, led by Otto, Count of Ballenstedt, also leave for the Holy Land to join the Crusaders.
    • Emperor Berthold swiftly sends support to crush the rebellion, and hopes to expand the Duke's demesne into the surrounding March

1094

Jerusalem has fallen to the Crusaders, and now the Kingdom of Jerusalem is officially proclaimed. It is now up to the Crusaders to defend the region from ongoing Muslim molestation

Europe sees a hard winter this year, along with another epidemic of fever-plague (typhus) that is spread to Palestine by the Crusaders, where it breaks out among their camps. Among the fallen are Bishop Adhemar of Le Puy, the papal representative who was known for personally leading the warriors of Christ into battle.

In the wake of the continued deterioration of Seljuk authority in Syria, followers of the Hashashin begin expanding their influence in the region. Most de-facto power in the region has fallen into the control of the Emirates of Damascus and Aleppo

Berkyaruq, the eldest son of Malik-Shah, defeats an army loyal to his baby brother Mahmud at Barudjird. Afterwards, he seizes Isfahan and Baghdad, where he is proclaimed sultan by the caliph, and has Mahmud and his mother poisoned. Since Tutush was slain by crusaders at the Homs Gap, Berkyaruq is able to consolidate his control over eastern Syria and Iraq. He does not, however, send an army to fight the crusaders, being too occupied with the rebellion of his uncle Arghun Arslan in Khorasan. This leaves Tutush's sons, Fakhr al-Mulk Radwan of Aleppo and Shams al-Muluk Duqaq of Damascus, to face the Christian threat, alongside Yağısıyan of Antioch

Following up the relief in Constantinople, Emperor Alexios sends out an expeditionary force in an attempt to capture Nicaea, but is immediately stopped by the Turkish forces

A new group of about 4,000 Torkils migrate into the Kievan borderlands near the Dnieper. In the east, the Kipchaks absorb several tribes that were formerly part of the Kimek Khanate

After Alfonso VI of Castile has died in battle, his daughter Urraca is made Queen of Castile and Leon, who is married to a Burgundian Count. She immediately assumes a role in the internal politics of Spain to uphold the image of her father as a martyr for the Empire

The First Crusade in Spain has taken a devastating toll on both sides of the conflict so far, as both Catalonia and Toledo have fallen into an economic depression, and seen the death of several nobles in battle

William Bertrand II of Provence dies, which wills the title to his daughter Gerberga. By marriage, this makes Emperor Ramon the Count of Provence as well

After the attacks on the Norwegian fleet by English fire ships, they are now much more hampered in the number of troops they are able to occupy in Scotland. In the face of ongoing conflict in the region, a large number of Norse begin to emigrate back to Norway or the Hebrides islands. For the clans in South and Central Scotland, they see this as an opportunity for a fighting chance

The ongoing conflict in Scotland ,and the massive presence of foreign fighters and the mounting death toll has left the Scottish clans bitter, and impoverished. A poor harvest this year leads to famine, while tensions grow among the Scottish clans, and their Saxon allies.

After Nordmark's failed rebellion, the County is fully re-incorporated as a direct vassal of Saxony. With instability in the region, the Wends carry out a series of raids into Jutland and Saxon lands

  • Scotland: Malcolm dies, and is replaced by Donald, his brother. Immediately. he orders a new tactic. He would guard the exits. The bottom of mountains, the clearings of forests, all those would be guarded, so that nobody can get in or out. 3,000 of his men will see to that. Furthermore, he sends 10 of his galleys, each one with 50 soldiers each, to guard the waters around Inverness. The fleet also has a variety of merchant and trading ships, as well as boats with stocks of supplies. He will now starve the city out. There will be no offensive until the conditions are right. However, many of Donald's officers wants progress. (Secret) And so, he recruits local traders, and they attempt to sow dissent and anger in Norway, particularly in the lower class (Mod response) (End Secret). Meanwhile, Donald orders wooden defences to be made around his camp, occasionally inspecting them and (very rarely) helping them out. His soldiers are training, knowing that soon, the enemy will be starved out. After receiving reports from some of his friends in England on the fire raid, the King of the Scots sends a few fireships near to the dock, at night-time, in Inverness (Mod response). Furthermore, siege weapons such as catapults (only 1 can be made) and siege towers are constructed, and forces are gathered in. However, with the famine taking a toll on the forces, Donald sends 1,500 men, mainly soldiers from the local area, back home, but are ordered to keep their weapons. In the autumn season, where it is best for harvest, his men get to work making food for themselves, (very) slowly become self-reliant. Finally, more ships are made, mainly galleys, to transport soldiers and supplies, as well as being able to board other ships. (WIP)
  • Petty Kingdom of Corcaigh: Taking advantage of this respite in hostilites with the Scottish to reorganize our defenses, King Iomhar "Germanicus" of Corcaigh (Cork) doggedly oversees the construction of watchtowers for archers, catapults (which are a bit expensive so they are used rarely), and rocks and (fire) extinguisher at our coastal settlements. Likewise, advantage of this respite in hostilites, our forces firmly stay entrenched in our position, replacing the wooden defences with stone ones. Furthermore we begin to make use of the smaller and more agile Knarrs and Karves to supply our troops. These ships would be faster, cheaper and more agile than the longboats, and most do succeed in bringing much needed supplies. King Iomhar of Corcaigh (Cork) mockingly adopts the moniker "Germanicus", drawing parallels between the historical Battle of Teutoburg Forest, in commemoration of his desicive victory against the Anglo-Scottish host at Inchmore, refusing to cede them an "inch more", instead just sending them packing back to the south with their tails between their legs. King Iomhar "Germanicus" of Corcaigh (Cork) hereby calls his long standing ally and friend, having shed the blood of their enemies, fighting side by side and bonding in the process, King Godred Crovan of the Isles, to intervene in the ongoing Scottish Civil War in support of his ally's King Kenneth IV's side and against the falsely proclaimed King, Donald Dunkeld, who has slaughtered thousands of our kin in his blatantly mislead persue of Kingship, under the misguided pretence that the end justifies the means, no matter the cost and suffering that was done in his name. Furthermore, hoards of wealth are described to have been gained from the Anglo-Scottish host as loot by the allied Viking host after their victory at Inchmore, facing down the full brunt of the Anglo-Scottish host, which was desicively defeated and driven back to the south. [Mod Response] Queen Hedwig continues to watch after King Iomhar's only son, known as Rögnvald Ivarsson amongst his people and as Raghnall Iomharsson to the Irish. King Iomhar "Germanicus" of Corcaigh (Cork) dispatches his Corkish and allied fleets to follow the Norwegian fleet and engage the meagre Scottish fleet under the Norwegian fleet's command, in order to break the Scottish blockade of the city of Iverness to secure the city's continuous supply and fold any and all Scottish attempts to starve the besieged defenders within Iverness. [Algo needed] (WIP Warmoves to be added) King Iomhar of Corcaigh (Cork) retains the presence of his 1.000 men to the ongoing wareffort in defense of his ally, King Kenneth IV, becoming determined not to yield to the southern clansmen and their falsely proclained King, Donald Dunkeld, that is leading them, viewing them all as beneath him, but never again willing to make the same mistake he did when he marched south to crush their forces, never again willing to underestimate them, for he has learned a valuable lesson, greatly strengthening his resolve to see them dead, willing to do almost anything to get his vengeance from them, for this has now turned personal for him, after witnessing his younger brother, the only relative he had left in this life, to be slain by the clans. King Iomhar "Germanicus" of Corcaigh (Cork) sends word the Kingdoms of Waterford and Wexford of the great riches their fellow 100 Viking acquired from their great victory against the Anglo-Scottish host at Inchmore, leaving hoards of valuable loot in the wake of their disorganized retreat, while also prasing their valiantness and their bold exploits, claiming they've slain around two dozen Anglos and Scots each. Not only this is a well crafted, yet subtle attempt to incite envy from the folk of Waterford and Wexford towards their of neighbours and all the hoards of wealth they have acquired thus far, but also an implication of the ever lasting glory they have missed out on, for they must prove worthy of their ancestors, to secure their fate in the afterlife. This is done in hopes of enticing even more men from the allied cities of Waterford & Wexford to fight on King Kenneth IV's side, with promises of hoards of wealth to be acquired. (Viking martial traditions and expectations in the afterlife, although they might not be pagans anymore, Celtic Christanity and their local churches did incorporate most of their previous customs and traditions, to generate acceptance among the locals for their assimilation to Christianity, as was done in Scandinavia and various other places etc) [Mod Response] As King Ìomhar Mac Oitir of Corcaigh's regent, his Queen Hedwig, continues to be on standby, preparing to defend the Petty Kingdom of Corcaigh (Cork), training levies and inspecting the defenses of his domain, the construction of defensive fortifications in the surroundings of the city of Corcaigh (Cork) takes place, as aggressive actions by the Ua Briain led coalition are to be expected. The reassertion of Norse influence over the southeast coast of Ireland has led to the reemergance of small scale raiding against the Irish clans in the area by the emboldened Norsemen.
    • 400 Norse-Gaels from Waterford and Wexford decide to join up with the Norse forces in scotland
    • King Iomhar "Germanicus" of Corcaigh, on behalf of the Petty Kingdom of Corcaigh sincerely thanks our Norse-Gaelic brothers for joining us, warmly receiving them in their arrival.
    • 200 troops are loand from the Hebrides
  • Papal States: The Holy and Great City of Jerusalem, the Navel of the World, has now once again been taken by Christian hands, which has now brought an opportunity to re-dedicate the city as the epicenter of Christianity once again. After the walls were breached and the city garrisons had surrendered, Peter the Hermit gave orders over his fanatic peasant army to cleanse the city of its paganism. The soldiers and mercenaries proceeded with looting and pillaging across the city from building to building, butchering every Muslim they could find. The subsequent funeral pyre outside the city piled high as a pyramid, leaving a stench of human corpses behind. Many Muslims of the city pulled back to the Temple Mount of the Islamic Quarter, hoping to take up sanctuary in the Dome of the Rock Mosque. The Bishop Arnulf of Chocques ordered that the Crusaders must push inward to reclaim the Temple Mount, as that is the very spot of King Solomon's Temple, currently profaned by an Islamic monument. Count Raymond of Tolouse, however, objected to the needless violence in the city, and contrasted the more civilized actions of the Crusader Princes as more honorable than the People. Robert Scalio, the de jure King of Jerusalem, relented on Raymond's side, but still gave orders that the Temple Mount must be surrendered. He told the remaining Turkic garrison that if they surrendered now, he would allow them to remain in the Muslim Quarter or leave the city entirely unmolested. They agreed to this deal, and the bloodshed of Jerusalem was ended after claiming over 10,000 innocent lives. Robert immediately took charge as leader of the city, where he ordered the Jewish and Muslim quarters to be repurposed as cloistered ghettos with respect to the larger Christian communities. The peasant militia and defected Muslims are organized to remove the dead and wounded out of the Old City, and clean the streets once again. The priests and bishops sent from the Pope are put in charge of sanctifying and dedicating the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, having become desolate since the Fatimid Caliphate. The Temple Mount is also claimed as a Catholic site, but the Dome of the Rock is not violated at this time. Over the next few months, Arnulf and other priests in Jerusalem uncovered many lost Holy Relics hidden in various chambers underneath the city, having been secured by the Christians of Jerusalem at least since the Fatimids, possibly centuries earlier. Among these relics included the nails of Jesus and the True Cross. Robert Scalio ordered everyone to evacuate the Sepulchre so that no one but the highest order of priests would be permitted to touch or handle these Holy Relics, being the very touch of God on Earth. At the permission of Arnulf, a solemn ceremony takes place at the city where all the princes of the Crusade are permitted to attend mass at once and gently kiss the cross, before it is carefully secured in its own chamber. In private, Arnulf said to Robert that many other relics recovered were so precious and holy that he dared not even speak of them in public or reveal their existence, for fear of inflicting God's wrath. All these things were related back to His Holiness, Pope Urban II, who gave permission through papal legates to have Robert officially crowned, and to name Arnulf as Patriarch of Jerusalem. Robert summoned all the Christian leaders of various sects, including the Greek Orthodox, Armenians, Syriacs, and even Nestorians to all return to the city, after the Seljuks had forced them all to evacuate years earlier. Having summoned all the Patriarchs and Christian leaders at the Church of the Holy Sepulchure, in the presence of all the Crusader Princes, Priests and Bishops, Robert Scalio is given a second coronation as the official King of Jerusalem, and Arnulf is likewise dedicated as Patriarch of Jerusalem. Robert first nominates Godfrey of Boullion, famed as one of the most holy and noble knights, to become the Custodian of the Holy Sepulcure and Viceroy of Jerusalem. The Benedictine monk Gerard of Campania is named as Keeper of the Holy Mount and Rector of the Hospice of Saint John. The Greek, Armenian, and Syriac Orthodox churches are all permitted to share the space in the Church of the Holy Sepulchure along with Patriarch Arnulf, as they are all members of the same body of Christ. Following suit from the Military Society of the Order of Saint James, two new military societies are now formed out of the knights who have come to bond over their Crusading adventure. The first is the Order of the Holy Sepulchure under Godfrey of Boullion, and the second is the Order of the Hospital of Saint John under Gerard of Campania. Both of these military societies are dedicated to defending the respective holy sites in Jerusalem, and take custody of any holy relics found in that city. Now that the main target of Jerusalem has been acquired under Robert's rule, what remains now is securing the borders of the Kingdom as far as possible. Leaving behind 3,000 troops under Robert to guard the city, the remaining 25,000 troops are sent south under Godfrey of Boullion to capture the city of Ascalon, taking the relic of the True Cross as their Holy Symbol (algo request). In the north, the Crusader forces under Robert Curthose have set up the Siege of Antioch. Fortifications are made on the south side of the Orontes River before bringing Italian siege equipment to bear against the city, altogether with 22,000 troops (algo request). The bouts of Typhus begin to take a heavy toll on the Crusader forces, killing 1,000 men at Antioch and 1,500 at Jerusalem, including the beloved bishop Ademar. Relief is requested from the Italian navy to bring medicinal herbs and food by way of Tripoli.
  • House Barcelona: Pere-Ramon declares Alfonso VI a Martyr of the Empire. He institutes a day of mourning be held to mark his passing.  With the tragic death of Fransesc de Cardona, the forces of Pere-Ramon are placed under the active command of his step-brother Berenguer Ramon, “El Guineu.” Having succeeded in capturing Valencia and, but having lost their best commander. Berengeur Ramon marches south towards Denia. With the support of the fleet and accompanying siege equipment. The Castle of Denia is put to siege. (Algo Please) Berenguer Ramon having heard of the death of El-Huadiz determines to undermine the enemy’s war effort though assassination, as they seem so fond of attempting. He arranges for an attempt on Syr ibn Abu Bakr. (Mod Response) To the west, Sancho Ramirez’ son Peter takes overall command of the crusading forces, ordering a retreat to a more defensible position north of the Douro River. They cross at the old Roman stone bridge at Toro. If the forces of the Almoravids pursue, Peter plans to turn and face them at this defensible position. With the bluffs above allowing his longbowmen and crossbowmen to savage any attempts to take the old stone bridge or otherwise ford the river. Meanwhile, the raiding forces of 2,000 Jinetes launch a series of raids to the south of Salamanca, attacking outlying castles, supply caravans, and mosques. On the home front, warships put out of commission by the fighting off Valencia are repaired with 3 rejoining the fleet by the end of the year. They do not arrive in time to join any battle off Denia, but are able to reinforce the survivors of any such confrontation. Pere-Ramon approaches Pisa about hiring a large portion of their substantial fleet. He appeals to the crusader spirit as well as their problems in facing Islamic piracy. In total he requests that 50 galleys be provided and offers to pay a fair sum for their services. (Mod Response) In other news, the inheritance of Provence leads Empress Gerberga to appoint her son Ramon Berenguer to administer the county in her stead as she must remain in Barcelona to manage the affairs of Pere-Ramon. WIP
    • Most of Pisa's fleet is being used in the Crusade of Levant and Smyrna, but they can spare about 20 galleys for Barcelona
    • Result: 25. The assassin's arrow misses, and manages to escape unnoticed
  • Kingdom of Sweden: Following the horrofic deaths caused by the second northern expedition,the kings begins to think about a new idea. He offers a integrated province,but with autonomy and a local governor elected by the local sami people. He offers this to all clans who are willing to join it(mod response needed). Meanwhile the king begins to open up to having friendlier relations with Englandand therefore offers them a non agression pact for ten years(english response needed). In other news the king founds the city of Gustavik up in the recent northern territorries.This city is mostly sapmi inhabited,but intermixing with the local swedes causes a new language called sapmisvenska to appear,being a mix of swedish and sapmi.After this the king decides to officialiy travel to Jerusalem with 2000 troops to help where they are needed.(Papal response needed) With the Sapmi accepting the kings offer,The king signs an edict officialy creating the province of Norrbottena. The sapmis elect their first leader who is none other then General Einar Grauberg.
    • The Saami tribes directly bordering Sweden accepts
    • Papal dip: These people may join the army of Godfrey of Boullion, where the Patriarch Arnulf will dispense their indulgences
  • Norway: This year’s policy is rather simple: Defend. At our coastal cities, we construct watchtowers for archers, catapults (which are a bit expensivem so they are used rarely,) and Rocks and estuguisher. Meanwhile, as the Scottish do not plan to make any offensives, we stay entrenched in our position, replacing the wooden defences with stone ones. We shall use the smaller and more agile Knarrs and Karves to supply our troops. These ships would be faster, cheaper and more agile than the longboats, and most do succeed in bringing much needed supplies. At home, we look out for any Scot sowing mischeif in our nation and apprehend them. (Mod Response). Meanwhile, in the mediterreinean, the forces that we donated would connect with the crusaders in Smyrna. This year’s harvest is rather good, supplying the populace. Olaf III falls ill this year, he isn’t bed ridden, but he is far from his golden days. Hakkon Magnusson takes the helm of leadership, having much trust among the troops after years of fighting. He orders more defences, more boats, and has the forces in high spirits. Our troops will be looking out in case the Scots attack. We engage some of our fleet to combat the Scots and their measly ships at Iverness. (Mod response/Algo needed)
    • Norse fire ships succeeds at attacking a group of English vessels while they are docked in Northumbria. The Earl reports to King Harold that the Norse have now begun to attack England directly
  • Duklja: Negotiations with Peter Snac continue. Constantine Bodin insists, that Peter is in no position to negotiate, that Hungarians are poised to overthrow him, and that Duklja can become a friend of Croatia rather than its enemy. Talks are deliberately dragged out by Constantine, so that Hungary has more time to act in the crisis. (Mod Response)
    • Peter Snac demands compensation or otherwise he will attack the Castle of Klis, unconcerned about Hungary's invasion
  • Kingdom of England: Now is the 28th year of the reign of King Harold II of House Godwin. He is married to Ealdgyth (Edith) of Mercia, which has tied House Godwin of England and the House of Mercia together in alliance. He has many siblings: Gyrth Godwinson, duke of East Anglia, who is married to Judith of Flanders; and Gunhild Godwinsdatter, a nun. Harold II has sired several children through Edith the Fair, his previous wife whom he married in Danish tradition. They are Godwine, King of Denmark, who is married to Princess Sigrid Svendsdatter of Denmark; Edmund, who is married to Margaret of Wessex and is unlanded; Magnus, Marklord of Wales, who is married to Gwenlian ferch Bleddyn thus forming an alliance with Gwynedd; Gytha, who is married to Alan mab Konan de Rennes; Gunhild, who is married to Lǫgmaðr Guðrøðarson. He also has sired Harold (1066 and married to Anna of Durham) and Ulf, who is unwed (1067). Edwin Godwinson has a daughter named Ælfgifu, to whom Godwine immediately forms a bond. Late this year, Anna of Durham passes away. England offers to marry Harold Haroldson to a French noble, securing an alliance (Mod response needed). The population of England is roughly 2 million, with most of the population being centered around Winchester and London. Though the majority of the people in England are of Anglo-Saxon descent, there is a sizable Scandinavian population, especially in regions once under the control of the Danelaw. There are also a number of Britons, especially along the Welsh and Scottish borders as well as in Cornwall. Though the monarchy of England is more-or-less absolute, the Witenagemot is a folkmoot of secular and clergymen who advise the king, discuss legislation, and hold judicial hearings should the need arise. If the reigning monarch were to die, the new one will be chosen among the eligible Æthelings in England, though they typically choose members of the deceased monarch’s family. Harold II is widely popular throughout England, especially among the thanes. Though he maintains alliances with those in his family as well as with the sons of Ælfgar of Mercia, tensions are known to run between earls from the north and south of England. The fight to defend the Scots drags on, with neither side giving any ground. Harold Haroldson decides to continue starving out the Norwegians and Irish at Inverness. Rumors of the upstart king of Cork using the moniker "Germanicus" first reach the troops, then London. The army is unimpressed and unintimidated. The name becomes something of a joke in Harold II's court, with people frequently applying triumphant and silly nicknames after minor successes. After his success with the Scots, Ulf Godwinson is sent to Ireland to garner support and alliances against Cork. He spends much time in Dublin and to the north, where Harold Godwinson and his father Godwin of Wessex fled to in exile many decades ago. The ships battering Inverness continue. After the last battle, English spies take note of where these spike pits are. Sailors regularly take note of any new fortifications being created, and another round of fire ships attempt to burn Inverness castle to the ground Mod response needed. When word of Norwegian ships bound for Inverness reaches the captains, the English bolster the Scottish fleet, with the English ready to catch this fleet at moment's notice. The English are careful not to position their ships too close to the shore, lest they break apart on the rocky cliffs. Should they be engaged, the English ships will move quickly to close the distance and rain hell on their pseudo-Viking foes. They will attempt to bait the Norwegians with the smaller Scottish force, then sail around and trap the Norwegian and Irish fleet in Moray Firth where they will be summarily driven against the rocks and smashed to pieces. The ships fleeting from Norway are captured by the English. They are shown mercy and the sailors are allowed to give up their arms and sail back to Norway. Those that fight are thrown into the icy North Sea. If, and only if, the fire ships are more successful and the amount of troops in Inverness dips below 6,000, the English will press another attack to finally liberate the city.
    • Count Stephen of Blois offers to marry his eldest daughter, Agnes
    • Dublin and Limerick will support King Donald
  • Alania: In the new parts of our nation we continue to build forts to protect our lands. By the forts small villages increase in population with people moving from the capital of Maghas to the smaller villages. Our skilled workers continue to build more roads to connect us to other nations and trade routs. Within our capital we still are expanding the city by continue to build infrastructure that expands the metro city. Many of our merchants trade goods that are obtained from the middle east and trade them to the Rus for their items of trade. Nomadic pastoral grazers, graze the territory we own with their domesticated animals to help the aniamls be familiar to the lands they are using. The nomadic pastoral grazers are semi skilled in fighting and weapon use, so while doing their job with their domesticated animals they also protect our boarders from invations too. We also have professional trained troops on our boarders so we can keep our nation safe. Lots of outposts are continuing their construction along our boarders. A giant look out tower/clock continues its construction in the capital city. The king wants more bigger structures to be built so that people can see from higher distances and then see farther way. The construction of the biggest church in the region continues its construction place. Our people are happy to hear the good news that Jerusalem has fallen to the Crusaders. The troops that were sent to help out in the crusades are still defending the lands from the Muslims attacking Jerusalem. David son of Giorgi is still looking for a wife to marry.
  • Kievan Rus: King Monomakh seeing the new arrivals on the frontiers of his realm offer the Torkils the right to settle in the grasslands of the recently aquired territories in the Don-Volga Basin in exchange for entering the service of Kiev qs part of the Chorni Klobuky (Mod Response). Trade continues to grow as the Rus continue to strengthen their hold over the Black Sea trade and the vital trade routes of the Kiev Rus. Pyotr Ivanovich proclaims himself the Voivod of Ionia having taken over the administration of Smyrna following Chaka Bey's retreat from the region He places his own men in charge of the administration but recruits many of the greeks, mainly shipwrights, sailors, and smithies. Next he setws his eyes on Cicillia and with 10,000 of his own men, and the forces of Bohemod of Taranto he sets out to liberate the region from their Trkish overlords,. Pyotr's sends out agents to incite the local christians to revolt against their muslim overlords saying that the time has come for the Armenians to rejoin the fold of the mother church. Should they be incited to revolt the Rus and Latins will swiftly sweep through the region taking advantage of the disorganized, and busy Saracens With the Chorni Klobuky screening the other forces and harrassing the Turks with volleys of arrows withdrawing behind the Rus Druzhina and the Latin Knights all the while reigning arrows down upon their enemy. The forces will advance along the coastline protected by the Rus and Latin Fleet (Mod response/Algo). King Monomokh sends a new envoy to the Lithuanians offering them the formal protection of Kiev he offers the Chielf Lithuania the title of Voivod (Warlord/count governer) as a vassal of the Kiev (Lithuanian Response required).
    • The Torkils will agree to this deal to send a small force of Central Asian mercenaries
    • Lithuanians response: we accept.
    • The Armenians join the revolt
  • Hakia: It has been a decade since Ooubwia's defeat, the banishment of Naposa, and the integration of Teetamakari's hometown with Hakia. Since then, Teekatamakari has promulgated the Great Law of Peace (or the Law of Hakia), which is a codification of Eastern Puebloan customary law as well as an oral constitution delineating Hakia's administration and each Hakian's civic duties. The Hakians have experienced nothing short of peace and prosperity. Canals and weirs are constructed to irrigate land; where irrigation is unfeasible, runoff diversion is used. Through tribute-taxes, the Hakian council has amassed an extensive stockpile of grain, cotton cloth, and alcohol, which they use to finance diplomatic expeditions to communities north and south of the river. As a result of this prolificness, the children of Hakia grow up to be tall and healthy. Uhyooli, the sole child of Teekatamakari and Seewa, is now married and bore a child of her own (b. 1091), while Kopalai has just entered a warrior society. However, with success comes jealousy, as both the Cave Worshippers to Hakia's northeast and the Floodplain Indians of Hakia's north begin conspiring to bring the Hakians and their heretical dogmas to an end.
  • Al-Murābiṭūn: Yusuf had faced many troubles in warfare but none had been as crucial as this. A deciding war that could set up the building blocks for future generations.The battle of Valencia was a significant upset for Toledo, robbing them of their primary port and leaving whatever navy they had left in the hands of their Sultan. Nonetheless war never changes. It is believed that in early spring of 1094 AD following the battle of Salamanca, Omar I al-Rasheed alongside Abu Bakr ibn Ibrahim ibn Tashfin would pursue the retreating army. As they had made an approach northward, scouts would report the army was making a move on crossing the Douro River near Toro. Omar I would arrange a plan to catch this army off guard. The army numbering roughly 30,000 would cross the bridges of Toledo and approach Toro from the behind as they would too use the bluffs to send their army to their deaths in a massacre. The Riahs of Toledo's army using their speed would surprise the enemy with a striking blow. Commanded by the well experienced Omar I, there would be no retreat. His armies would move in a flanking formation from the north passing the Alcazar de Toro, ensuring that there will be no defenses to try to take over and push the enemy to the very bluffs they had just marched on. Now pinned, they would be massacred as 10,000 of the Toledo Alramahs that had been stationed at Zamora would take the same bridge the enemy had crossed in order to ensure an encirclement. With the enemy crippled from escape, supply, as well as defense, the Moors would begin to hack and stab into the crusaders. Their intentions are simple: no mercy. "The thousands of men that laid their lives down would be avenged in this battle as Allah wills it!" Omar would roar as the battle would ensue (Algo Needed). Meanwhile towards the east at Denía, General Syr ibn Abi Bakr ibn Tashfin would launch his new defensive strategy. Having laid el-Huadiz's body to rest in Toledo, he now must take up the heavy lifting of defending the city. The blue crisp arid sky would only bring about the dawn of the next campaign. The Badajoz Army would arrive in full force bringing the army at Denía to 40,000. At the Alcazar of the city, the general would refuse to wait for the enemy. He was well aware of their approach and didn't want to be a sitting duck waiting for their defense to be surrounded and inevitably torn.  He would make the enemy go through hell to get to them. Traps would be established along the bridge crossings along the Rio Girona. This would entrap any leading man crossing the bridges to plunge into water and rubble. This would be in hopes that this trap would kill their leading commander (mod response). Regardless the circumstances would force the men to cross the nearby mountainsides to reach the city. In the mountainsides they would face surprise assaults from 6,000 Sudanese Contingents harassing their already damaged supply and slow the crusading army down. This would allow civilians to evacuate to Murcia to the south as well as ensure the movement of all supplies and reserves into the castle. Upon arrival, the army of Denía would use the Mozarab Longbowmen to take out as many men as they could, sending a hailstorm of flaming arrows to rain down on the crusaders. Round after round they would take out as many men as they could. Trebuchets and Catapults with flammable projectiles and ignited boulders would be used to slam at any men harassing the walls of the city as well. Alongside that, the acropolis would make the castle even easier to defend and likely fatigue the waves of men which would dare strike it and make it even more of a challenge for trebuchets and catapults to make good strikes. General Syr would be ready for this battle and he would be ready to be victorious (Algo Needed). Meanwhile Yusuf in Seville would send orders to hire as many berber privateers as possible along the Barbary coast for this jihad against the infidels (Mod Response). With Jinetes targeting supplies and mosques across the countryside, 4,000 Mozarab Mercenarymen would be hired to sabotage their attempts.
    • House Barcelona Tactical Response: Scouts reporting for King Peter I of Aragon would inform him, roughly, of his enemies' movements. He would be impressed by their tactical wit, but determines a weakness. He suddenly doubles back, intent on catching and destroying the smaller host of 10,000 Toledo Alramahs before the main army can catch them. (Algo Please) To the east, the crusaders mount a hardy offensive. A screen of 12,000 Jinete, Cavallers Vilas, and Sagramental crossbowmen sweep aside the enemy skirmishers, savaging them with superior force as they are extremely outnumbered and isolated. (Algo Please) After encountering the trapped bridges over the Rio Girona, Pere-Ramon orders that all the bridges be inspected and reconstructed as needed. Though several men die, the history of bridge collapses in the previous year inspires a great deal of caution. The army then lays siege to Denia proper, choosing to starve the 40,000 men in camp, rather then bother fighting them in the field. Palisades and stake lines are erected beyond the range of trebuchets, surrounding the defenders and forcing them to either attack or face starvation. (Algo Please)
  • County of Sicily: With the conquest of Sicily complete, Roger I Bossa assumes his rule of the island as the first Norman “Count of Sicily.” As the Normans turn from conquest to administration, the Normans spare no time in imposing feudalism onto the island’s political structure. Roger distributes the lands of his new domain to his various subjects, granting fiefs and estates to various minor Norman lords who aided him in the conquest of Sicily. Notably, the city of Syracuse is awarded to his childhood friend Ceneric Grosvenor, while the city of Messina is awarded to his childhood friend and loyal commander Albert de Pomeroy. As a result the Normans quickly establish themselves as the new ruling class of the island, with most either taking up residences as rulers of cities, towns and other estates. While many are able to reside in already constructed fortifications, in a few places Norman lords begin construction of fortified bases, mainly small wooden hill-forts. Roger himself makes Palermo his seat of power, and from there rules the rest of Sicily. Roger quickly creates two new bishoprics at Syracuse and Messina while creating an Archbishopric of Palermo, appointing Norman clerics as the Bishops and Archbishop. Turning to the administration of the island’s natives, Roger is surprisingly liberal in his treatment of the Greek and Arab inhabitants. Roger allows the natives to retain their faiths, and does not order the destruction of Orthodox Churches or Muslim mosques while allowing them to practice their native religion. He also allows many Muslims to retain their prior privileges, such as the ability to participate in mercantile activities in the urban areas of Sicily. However he does impose a small “Heathen tax” on the island’s non-Catholic inhabitants, one that can be waived by converting to Latin Catholicism. While some question Roger’s decision, he emphasizes that his desire is for a smooth transition into Norman rule, one without rebellion or bloodshed.
  • Saxony: With the revolution in the Margraviate of the Nordmark effectively put down, the Margrave of the Nordmark is officially declared deposed by the Duke of Saxony. Conrad, the Duke of Saxony's son-in-law, is instead invited to be Margrave of the Nordmark. It is hoped that he will deal with the Wendish fools invading the Duchy of Saxony's rightful territory. With the Saxon army, Conrad goes forth to expel the Wends, and begins to make plans for a potential attack on the Wends' own territory, possibly in the near future perhaps. Meanwhile, reaching the Middle East, Otto, Count of Ballenstedt, and his army of 3,500, offer to join forces with another Crusading army (Papal response needed).

1095

The famine and pestilence in Europe continues to claim many lives, though it is especially severe in the British Isles, where most notably Godred Crovan succumbs to the disease.

Raids from Northumbrian and Danish ships severely hamper Norwegian trade

Duke Sweyn of Jutland abdicates and sells his titles to his brother Eric "the Good". Sweyn donates this money to the Church as he takes all his personal retainers to join the Crusade in the Holy Land

Seeing the castle of Klis as vital for defending the nation, and not seeing any compensation from Dioclea, Peter Snac attacks the castle to siege it, while suffering ongoing invasion from Hungary

Following the fall of Antioch, Yagisiyan flees to Aleppo with the remains of his army joining up with Fahkr al-Mulk Radwan of Aleppo and Shams al-Muluk Duqaq of Damascus who have assembled an army of 35,000 men. At the head of 30,000 men Shams al- Muluk Duqaq and Yagisiyan march on Tripoli.

Bohemond of Taranto sees the Rus movement in Cilicia as an infiltration of the Slavic Christians into Asia. As soon as the Rus siege the city, Bohemond arrives in Asia to expulse the Rus garrison from Smyrna, and proceeds to move north towards Bythinia.

Taking Advantage of the internal strife in the Seljuq Empire, the Ghaznavids carry out a series of raids in to Perisia.

A gargantuan flood along the Yellow River happens in Song China as war threatens to break out with the Xia.

A mass exodus of Jews from Iberia, displaced by the recent fighting, travels to Genoa, Venice, and Pisa.

A drought strikes central Germany, furthering the plague in the region as well.

Seeing the Anglo-Scottish forces siege Inverness, King Kenneth offers a potential negotiation where he relinquishes the crown of Scotland and becomes a noble in Moray, while his son Edgar marries a daughter of the late king Malcom.

  • Hakia:
    • Analyzing oral tradition and archaeological sites, which offer insight into the Trans-Pecos Indians' socio-political organisation and material culture, historians generally agree that Hakia had developed 'statehood' somewhere in the late 11th century. This coincided with the shift of the Mogollon culture to surface-level dwellings (from pithouses) and larger towns (rather than hamlets), and from horticulture to agriculture. However, as Hakia was founded by Tanoan-speakers (rather than the indigenous Uto-Aztecan speaking population), Hakia possessed a material culture more similar to the Eastern Puebloans, with larger pueblos constructed out of adobe and brick, and kivas organized into two groups. The Great Law of Hakia, which according to lore was the oral constitution and codification of customary law promulgated by the Great Chief Teekatamakari, established the role of the tribal chief as the "great receiver and giver", which implied he had taxation powers and dispensed land, goods, and services to his constituents. Nevertheless, it is evident that the office retained tribal functions including hosting periodic feasts, entertainment, and religious rituals. The Great Law also mentions a Tribal Council consisting of clan representatives, which is typical of other Puebloan settlements; as well as the right of the Chief to form a "retinue", which was transient and consisted of his followers serving as advisors, attendants, messengers, diviners, and medicinemen. Another aspect of later Classical Hakia that had emerged by the 11th century were the four warrior societies, which corresponded to the five Eastern Puebloan solstitial positions and their associated guardian animals. These were the Western Coyote Society, the Northern Cougar Society, the Eastern Wolf Society, the Southern Lynx Society, and the most prestigious, the White Bear Society. Except for the latter, these were independent of the Tribal Council or the Chief. The White Bear Society was headed by the Chief himself. All Hakian men, except priests and the infirm, seemed to be enrolled in either five of these societies - though only the White Bear Society were permanent. The warrior societies had different insignia and tactical roles: the Western Coyotes were offensive spear-throwers, the Eastern Wolves were offensive archers, the Northern Cougars were defensive spearmen and clubbers, and the Southern Lynxes were defensive archers. The White Bears were trained in all disciplines and also learned practical medicine and religious rites. Regardless, the Hakian's culture including kinship and religious systems were still unchanged other than their monolatry.
    • The people of Hakia were once again faced with a new threat. During the night of a full moon, Yautilitchituc, the young but ambitious leader of the eastern Cave-Worshippers, visited the Flood Plain Indians seeking an audience with their chief, Echimuk-Seewam. Yautilitchituc brought up the Hakian's disregard for the rest of the Puebloan Pantheon, their capture of the Cave-Worshippers' former chief (for whom they had to begrudgingly pay a handsome fee as ransom), and their apparent belligerence and hubris. The fool Echimuk-Seewam readily agreed to an alliance between their two communities to take down Hakia. Unknown to him, Yautilitchituc had ulterior motives to taking down Hakia. First was his excessive love of liquor; one time, out of desperation, he had traded his father's special prayer-sticks in-exchange for a jar of the stuff - earning him a beating. Nevertheless, the former chief had taken notice of his intelligence and made him his mentee, becoming Chief upon the latter's death. The second was his lust for Teekatamakari's daughter, Uhyooli. He had first seen her when he visited Hakia to announce his chieftainship. His eyes fell upon Uhyooli, then just a few moons short of womanhood. Despite her youth, the lecherous Yautilitchituc dreamt of seizing her and ravaging her. Uhyooli was the most beautiful girl he had ever seen, and despite being married to his predecessor's daughter, he couldn't get her off his mind. Fed by his co-belligerent's lies, Echimuk-Seewam had grown irrationally fearful of his southern neighbors. Every night, he would ruminate on the immorality and the injustice of the Hakians, to the point he would only truly sleep just as the day began. A month after their talks, he went south together with a large entourage to Yautilitchituc, who had not expected his visit. The large entourage carried with them a multitude of different weapons. Yautilitchituc unbelievingly assured the Floodplain Indians that with the power of all Kachina on their side, combined with the Cave-Worshippers' stewardship of the Ceremonial Cave, the Hakians without a doubt will be crushed. Yautilitchituc was wary of the Hakians' reported martial prowess, and was particularly curious of Teekatamakari's aide, Husanakame, who was known across the land as the Bear of the Desert Night for his ursine strength. Perhaps sensing his worries, Echimuk-Seewam then asked his partner if he was even the slightest bit reluctant to attack Hakia. The question was an insult to his pride, and he impulsively decided that that night would be when their combined forces destroy Hakia once and for all. He reasoned that the cover of the New Moon would conceal their movement; furthermore, the Hakians would be idle in their beds, defenseless against an attack. The combined forces marched to Hakia, their numbers so much that the ground around them trembled, like the sound of a threatened bear. That night, Teekatamakari and Yooania had been visiting an isolated farmstead while collecting tribute. Maala Yooriwa first visited Teekatamakari to warn him and his sister of the Indians' advance; she then went to Seewa and informed her of the same advance and Yautilitchituc's desire to ravage her daughter. Seewa visited his brother-in-law, Husanakame to arrange the defense of Hakia. Husanakame thus went with the White Bears and Western Coyotes to first engage with the joint-enemy forces. Yautilitchituc was just further incensed by the White Bears and the Western Coyotes' apparent retreat; while Echimuk-Seewam, normally the fool, was perturbed and saw through the ruse. Despite his troops being stalled and suffering tradition, he pushed on. Then, there was light. Earlier, Maala Yooriwa had given Teekatamakari a robe made out of fine lustrous cloth to remind him of its duty, and said to him, "the Sun will give ye a miracle so that all of ye will believe!" The light was first the figure of a woman. All of the sudden, the sun burst through the clouds, appearing where the moon was. Suddenly, the sun gave a bizarre but beautiful spectacle, changing in size, shape, position, and even color. Then at the spectacle's end, Teekatamakari arrived, donning his fine robe. The enemies started defecting en masse, while Echimuk-Seewam himself was now convinced of Teekatamakari's claims. Maddened by this sight, Yautilitchituc advanced to Hakia proper and tried burning each pueblo one by one, seeking his beloved Uhyooli. As quickly as the sun came, the clouds started pouring rain, putting out the fires. Defeated, Yautilitchituc killed himself by slashing his throat, though not a drop of blood came out of his throat. Echimuk-Seewam asked of Teekatamakari for forgiveness, though the Chief told the chief, "it is not I should do you plead forgiveness from. The Sun sees All." Echimuk-Seewam pledged his allegiance to Hakia as a penance, and returned to the Flood Indians; while he was part of Yautilitchituc's party, he returned to his brethren not with a loss but enlightened by what was the Truth. The solar spectacle, now called the Miracle of the Sun, convinced many outsiders of Teekatamakari's position as a religious leader and prophet and strengthened this belief among the Hakians. From this moment forward, Teekatamakari claimed not only the leadership of Hakia but jurisdiction over the entire region - including the Floodplain, the villages of the Ceremonial Cave, and the isolated farmsteads in between. The outlying villages thus began paying a tribute-tax to Hakia.
    • The above text is a translated portion of the Hakian Epic. The Hakian Epic, especially its earlier passages are filled with religious motifs. One is the motif of weather and broader astrological events. The mentioning of a new moon in the above passage, combined with the rain is symbolic of a rebirth or a renewal, as the origin myth of the Eastern Puebloans is that of humans emerging from a pool of water. Meanwhile, there are consistent references to the Sun, and often comparisons of important characters with the Sun, utilizing adjectives such as "bright" and "bronze-skinned". This is important as in religious traditions emphasizing solar worship, the Sun is often portrayed as a universal judge, the omnipotent and omnipresent seer of all. The Hakian Epic also provides information about the exact relationship of earlier kachina-based faith systems to Hakian Religion. Maala Yooriwa, who is the messenger of the Sun (who is implicitly personal but yet to interact with a person one-to-one) is seemingly an elaboration of the Spider Grandmother, who is often the messenger and second spirit created after the Sun God or Sky God in Puebloan religion. Maala Yooriwa's constant weaving, with emphasis on "fine" cloth, is believed to be an anthropomorphism of a spider weaving silk. Another motif is a female in danger. In earlier passages, it was Yooania; in the above passage, it is Uhyooli. However, this is also countered by the archetype of a woman who plays a secondary but nevertheless pivotal role in the epic's events, such as Yooania (who kills O'oubwia) and Seewa (first as a slayer of the Challenger - her own father; then later organizes the defense of Hakia). This is interpreted as indicative of a society in flux: while the patriarchy of the Eastern Puebloans persists, the frontier-spirit of Hakia and the veneration of Maala Yooriwa have created a larger role for women.
  • Georgia:Giorgi II sent emissaries to Kakheti-Hereti, Durdzuketia, and (Lekia-Lezgistan?) offering protection against Seljuks and other external threats as vassals of the Kingdom. [Mod response]. More infrastructure was built in the most important cities and the expansion of Kutaisi and Mtskheta begins.
    • King Kvirike IV of Kakheti remains loyal to the Seljuk Sultanate, but the other two agree
  • Scotland: Donald agrees to Kenneth's deal, and offers Mary (b. 1082) to Kenneth, and a guarantee of Moray's autonomy, in exchange for the city of Inverness (Response please). With the war of Scottish Succession now gone, Donald demobilises 2,000 of his men, but they will all keep their weapons. Furthermore, he builds 10 new galleys, and rebuilds Inverness to make it a jewel of the North Sea. This includes a large castle on one of the plains surrounding the city, and a harbour to house up to 17 ships at once. He leaves a 300-strong garrison and sends the rest to policing jobs across the nation. Finally, he sends merchants and traders to Scanvindavia and Ireland, to improve the economy and diplomacy. (WIP)
    • King Kenneth waits for his Norse allies response before finalizing the deal
    • Norway Response: After much discussion, Magnus Barefoot and Hakkon Magnusson and the clans agree to cede Inverness. We also call for a five-year truce. ( Scotland Response, more to come)
    • Scottish response: Donald agrees to the truce.
    • Kenneth surrenders the city
  • County of Sicily: As the Normans settle into their new roles as rulers of Sicily, Roger makes efforts to enhance his new domain’s potential wealth and value. He commissions the construction of roads linking the major cities of Syracuse, Messina and Palermo, while also spending time and funds to fix up docks and port facilities throughout the island. Roger is hopeful such efforts will increase trade and mercantile activity on the island. Additionally, Roger spreads word of the Norman conquest of Sicily to Normandy and Italy, promising farms to Norman peasants who wish to settle the island. Roger even pays for five ships to travel to Normandy and return with Norman peasants willing to live in Sicily (MOD RESPONSE ON SUCCESS NEEDED). To further incentive Norman immigration, Roger grants all peasants of Norman blood special privileges such as lower taxes, trade privileges and freedom from serfdom, instead allowing Norman peasants to farm small plots of land as independent farmers. Roger also pays for the construction of Latin Catholic Churches across the island, hopeful that an increase in Churches along with the “Heathen tax” will help convert the populace slowly and peacefully.
    • Many Norman peasants arrive
    • Pere-Ramon writes to his friend Roger, seeking to hire 20 ships for use this year.
    • Sicily Dip: Count Roger agrees to send 20 ships under the command of his trusted commander Albert de Pomeroy provided that the Norman forces are allowed to keep any plunder they seize and are given provisions.
  • Goryeo Dynasty:The year is the year 177 since the foundation of the Goryeo wang dynasty, and king Heonjong has abdicated his throne. The young king abdicating for the sake of his health, his health not being helped by the stress one gets from managing against a rebelion. Thus Heonjong abdicates in favour of his uncle Wang Hui, who becomes 肅宗 (Sukjong of Goryeo) the 15th ruler of the Goryeo-wang dynasty. Sukjong sends envoys to the Dà Liáo, Gangnido and the Sòng cháo, envoys being send out as to feel the current atidude of these great nations (Mod responses) (Song dynasty response). After couple of weeks the news arives from Dà Liáo, Gangnido and the Sòng cháo, that the envoys have survived and have been welcomed by the courts of Goryeo's neighbourg. King Sukjong sends a envoy to Tamna-guk of 100 diplomats and traders to the island to reafirm the oath of Tamna-Guk Gungong (duke) (Mod response). The heavenly king sending 100 diplomats as to be sure there are witnesses to the reafirming of the Gungon's oath to Sukjong. This oath also allowing for the continued autonomy and vassalge of the Tamna-Guk and the protection this brings for her.
    • Emperor Daozong of Liao and Horikawa of Japan accepts these envoys
    • Tamna reaffirms their vassalage to Goryeo.
    • Song dynasty welcomes the Korean envoys.
  • Papal States: In the Holy City of Jerusalem, King Robert Scalio and Patriarch Arnulf work at distributing religious services as well as ongoing reconstruction of the city. Arnulf organizes the ongoing restoration of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, where he delivers mass twice a week and distributes the promised full indulgences to the Crusader forces. These include military as far-flung as Sweden, Denmark, England, and Brittany, all to pay homage to the Holy Relics of Christianity. The empty tomb of Jesus Christ serves as the epicenter of this religious energy, being the visual evidence of future resurrection and immortality of the Saints. The Knights Hospitaller remain as the chief rule of law over the city, taking inventory of the Holy Relics and ensuring their protection away from the public eye. The Knights also take particular watch over the Jewish and Muslim quarters, as the peasants under under Peter the Hermit continue to disdain the non-Christians in the city with utmost suspicion and paranoia. The Catholic Knights routinely put down any suspicion of revolt or plotting among these pagans. After the stunning victory against Ascalon by the armies of Godfrey of Boullion, the Crusaders take the True Cross into battle once again as they move north against the city of Acre. At this point, the Crusader forces occupying from Ascalon as far north as Antioch have effective control over almost the whole Levant region, pushing against the outskirts of Syria. However, the Seljuk citadel of Acre remains a pocket of resistance along the coast. The army of Godfrey of Boullion proceeds to lay siege to the city of Acre with 24,000 troops, bearing the True Cross as their emblem (algo request). Godfrey's conduct in battle becomes a prototypical example of holy knighthood and an exmplarary display of chivalry. He provides quarter and mercy to every Christian who is liberated from Turkic rule, and appoints the most fair and pious administrators over each town that he subjugates, all in the name of the true King Robert. In the north, Robert Curthose have just succeeded at capturing the prize citadel of Antioch, which puts in in control over most of coastal Syria facing the Seljuk Sultanate. The Crusaders under Robert felt disappointed they had to settle for the relatively-unremarkable city in the far north, rather than the heart of Holy Relics still housed in Jerusalem. In a desparate attempt to claim similar fame as Godfrey and Arnulf, a monk named Peter Bartholomew claimed to have uncovered the Holy Lance in the city. This was immediately taken with severe doubts and skepticism, especially by the clergy led by Fulcher of Chartres. Eventually, Peter was exiled from the city on charges of blasphemy, and the false lance was thrown into the sea. The Italian navy arrived at the coast of Antioch at this point to relieve the Crusaders with food and water, refreshing both the Catholic contingents and their new Arab subjects. On orders from Robert Scalio, Baldwin of Hainauit is made the first Duke of Antioch. This victory was short-lived, however, as the Seljuk Prince Shams Al-Muluk was moving towards Tripoli with an overwhelming force of number. In response to this attack, Robert Curthose sends his remaining army of 21,000 troops south to meet the Seljuk force just outside of Homs, virtually abandoning the city of Antioch for the time being. Raymond of Tolouse breaks off from the army of Godfrey de Boullion to move north, and take a force of 11,000 troops to strike against the Seljuks from the south. (Algo request).
  • Kingdom of Sweden:With the Crusade seemingl being a victorius one,the king decides to award the swedish crusaders with with his permission to form a swedish catholic order(Papal response needed). After the ceremony,the king travels with his entourage to the sapmi province to investigate some local trouble that General Einar Grauberg reported to the king. When the king arrives,he is greeted warmy by the local sami elders who tell him about the trouble that has been trouling them. It seems that there is a small but influencial conspiracy around the ranks of the elders. The king decides to wait and see,on hi way home the local conspiracers manages to rout the kings entourage and kills his guard,in a show of amazing swordmanship,the king manages to defeat them all before being helped by the local samis. With the conspiracy dead and the kings reputation among the samis being at an all time high,the king returns home to Stockholm. The king decides to send his 2000 battle hardened crusaders to Spain,where they are to be used by where they are deemed most necessary. In addition to this,seeing as the english threat to norway has subsides,the king calls home most of the 2k troops stationed in Oslo. These troops are stationed in halland and Gustavia,where they help with erecting churches and repair the road system.
  • Duklja: Given that the Castle of Klis guards the mountain pass between Dalmatian cities and the Dalmatian hinterland, it seems obvious to Constantine Bodin, that Peter Snac would have to split his army in two in order to siege the castle effectively. He expects Peter to locate most of his forces south of Klis, in the vicinity of Split and Trogir, where it's easier for him to supply his army. Therefore, Constantine leads his army of 5,000 through the Dalmatian hinterland to defeat Croatian forces in the north and lift the siege. He expects that Peter will be unable to save the northern part of his army. (Algo needed) After the failure to relieve the castle before it falls, Constantine decides to retreat to the Dioclean-controlled Pagania. Peter would either have to fight Constantine in foreign mountainous terrain, or retreat to the north to fight the Hungarians, which would leave the southern part of his kingdom undefended.
  • Song dynasty: The new year of 1095 starts with disturbance in the court of Bianjing (Kaifeng). The court faction of the liberals were arguing and squabbling with the conservative bureaucracy court faction. Exasperated by such embroilment, Zhao Yu and Zhao Shi, being the 3rd and the 5th sons of the former Song emperor, decide to exit the palace. The two brothers meet at the banks of the Bian canal in the inner city of Bianjing, Yu briskly addresses his brother by voicing something in a whispering manner : "ah my brother, what indignation made us exit the inner city?" Zhao Shi goggle his eyes in bewilderment and then replies with : "You obviously mean that mayhem that is eventuating in this palace" Zhao Yu nods in assentment : "You are correct, the jurisdiction of the Huangdi (emperor) is being challenged, should we restore it now, we shall by establishing a brand new dynasty" Zhao Shi grins, he knows what his brother is hinting into, and then replies : "Yes my brother, we shall''. After agreeing on such intrigue, the two brothers return to the palace of the inner city of Bianjing. The emperor Zhezong had been formerly diagnosed with constipation, added with severe diarrhea which made him unable to attend royal celebrations and meetings within the affairs of the state. This henceforth derived the civilian internal affairs to the state to be run by the eunuch, chancellors and civilian officials of the Song bureaucracies. On the night of the first lunar week of the new year, Zhao Yu and Zhao Shi would link up with each other after leading the armies of the garrison of Kaifeng into the city, around 20,000 in number, these would besiege the inner city palace gates. Most prominently the gates of Lijing, Renhe, Nanxun, Dalian and Anyuan. Chasing the occlusion of all of these gates to deny any attempt of an ingression out the gates of the palace. Then the men would strike and engage the mutineers of the palace garrison, attempting to sap them out to seize the opportunity of capturing these conservative and anti-Wang Anshi officials to be charged with attempts of eroding the central government power and sabotage the power of the central government to open up trade and adapt new era weapons. Due to his diarrhea and much more illnesses that he has been diagnosed with. Emperor Zhezong would be pressed and obliged to retire from his emperor title. He will be compelled to assume the honorary title of Taishang Huang. After such actions were committed, the two brothers will agree on who to assume the title of Huangdi before the coup d'état and the rebellion succeeds. It was agreed on the 4rth lunar week that Zhao Yu is gonna assume the next emperor title, due to his successful and triumphant contributions to the coup d'état, but both brothers realize that it is not the end. Many governors and loyal skeptic corrupt warlords are not gonna be happy losing their bribe-acquired status of power, and thus they should be perished, and that is when the "Southern Pacification Expedition" takes place.
  • Norway: In January of this year, Olaf III passes. Magnus Barefoot becomes the new King of Norway. All the lords ,dukes, nobles Etc etc. swear loyalty to him. He sends emisarries to sweden to reaffirm our alliance. (Sweden Response)  Following the cessation of Iverness to scotland and the following truce, many troops return to Norway or settle in the Northern areas of OTL Scotland. Seeing the situation in Iberia, Barefoot pledges 3000 battle-hardened troops to the Christian army in Iberia. (Mod/Player response…?) Back home, Barefoot rewards troops with lands in the countryside and northern OTL Scotland. As the war in Scotland is pratically over, some ambassadors are sent to England to discuss a truce for five years, and to focus our forces in the Holy Land and Iberia. (England Response) In Ireland, some emboldened Norsemen do some small scale raiding on the Irish coast. Following Godred's death, we send 2300 men to occupy the Hebrides to safegaurd our interests in the region and protect the people there. (Mod/Algo response needed) As for the rest of the Nation, Magnus is unsure what to do for now, but he has some Ideas.. Magnus hears word of Ulf and his plans. Although we don't know when or where he will invade, we waste no time building costal defences and repairing the navy although the construction takes some time given the damage to the economy. Merchants in the speedy Knarrs go around Scotland and Ireland to trade with the people of Western Europe and the Med. sea Now that the war is over, Barefoot focuses on reallocating funds to trade and the economy. Barefoot wishes to follow sweden’s example. He offers an autonomous province and a local governor elected by the Sapmi. He offers this to  nearby Sapmi tribes in modern day Finmark (Mod Response).
    • Hugh the Great, leading the Crusader forces in Spain, welcomes Magnus' contribution
    • Finmark Sapmi tribes capitulate
    • The King reaffirms the alliance with Norway
    • A loyal vassal of Norway, King Langomann of the Hebrides and Mann accepts the occupying force
  • Lithuanians: Time for expansion! Lukas declares the conquest of the Curonian lands (Klaipeda-Palanga area) to access the Baltic Sea. He orders to raise 5,000 troops between Aukštaitian cavalrymen, Kaunas infantry, and Lowland Bowmasters. They will pass through Samogitia. Jokubas and Marius are the army leaders [Algo needed]. Also, we seek the Pope's blessing for this campaign. [Player Response]. Meanwhile, as commerce increased with new roads, Lukas wants to hire Rus, Hungarian or German stonemasons to replace wood buildings. [Mod and Players Response].
    • Pope Urban is busy, but the Bishop of Rokslide gives their blessing on his behalf
    • The Teutonic masons of Tver will help
    • King Monomakh sends a levy of 1000 1000 Druzhina Spearmen to assist his Lithuanian vassals. While he also sends sappers (military engineers) to assist the Lithuanians who will build Earthen work fortifications to starve out the Curonian tribe in the hill forts.
  • Kievan Rus: Over the winter the beloved Princess Katerina giving birth to a daughter who is named Leda. A grief stricken Vladimir II Monomkh throws himself into the matters of state while Anna Polovotskaya becomes the main caretaker of the children, overseeing their education. Seeing the expansion of the Lithuanians tgowards the Baltic coast as a benefit to Kievan Trade wholeheartedly supports the campaign. He oversees the continued expansion and Modernization of the fortifications of Kiev employing the Teutonic masons. He also continues to focus on the creation of a manuscript translating Oghuz, and Cumanian Turkic into Old Slavonic, and Cyrillc scripture employing large amounts of Rus merchants, and missionaries for this task, also consulting who have travelled these lands and interact with the people on a regular basis. The Composite bow of the steppe warriors is increasingly adopted by the rus living on the frontiers of Kiev, whle its proliferation among the levies of Kiev also rises mainly among the Freeholder communities made up of a growing amount of settlers from other parts of the Rus realm, and from beyond. These new communities tend to live a semi nomadic life style raising cattle, sheep, and horse which they take to sell at the local Rus garrisons and outposts sprinkled across the Pontic Steppes, and trade with the friendly Cuman and Oghuz tribes. Pyotr Ivanovich is enraged upon being told that his garrison was expelled from Smryna however he opts to not retaliate instead he styles himself as the Voivode (Warlord) of Cillicia, he marches to Gates of the Lord of Cillicia Konstantin I offering him an alliance and protection from the Turks and to liberate the Armeanian lands in exchange for a marriage to his Daughter Beatrice, and lands in Cillicia for him and his men (Mod response Needed). With this new arrangement in place Pyotr Ivanovich levies 3,000 Armenians into his army Then leaving behind 6,000 men to garrison Trazzark and Adana and protect Constantine he then moves to weaken the Turks of Rum at the head of his remaining 17,000 men. The 5,000 Chorni Klobuky carry out raids into Turkish lands making sure not to attack christian communities, and move then feign a retreat into an ambush laid out by the Armenians and the Rus who have built Earthwork fortifications.in Cilicia Trachea near Taurus taking advantage of the rugged mountain terrain (Algo Required).
    • Konstantine of Cilicia accepts the offer.
    • Kievan Contiuation: Following the death of Pyotr Ivanovich in the Battle Taurus the Rus fall to the leadership of his Younger Brother Demyan Ivanovich (1060), who also succeeds him as the new Voivid of Cilicia and also takes the place of his brother in marrying Beatrice of Cilicia.
  • Kingdom of Hungary: Our King and Lord, Ladislaus I Arpad, the Holy King, has passed away on, in the year of our Lord, 29 July, 1095, Succeeding Him, King Coloman I Arpad, has taken the throne and pledged to continue the campaign to secure the Croatian crown, claiming it is his birthright. Swearing fealty to him, the Nobility and Lords of Hungary having ledged their loyalty to him, building off of Ladislaus' consolidation of the realm. For this reason, the campaign shall continue unopposed, Coloman taking the reigns of the army. The 23,000 strong Hungarian host, including some 7,000 Black Horses, 2,000 Horse Archers, 5,000 Varjobaggy, 1,000 Longbowmen and 9,000 Soldiers. King Coloman will lead his substantial force, left behind by Ladislaus, for an all out attack against Croatia. Maintain cohesion, scouts will be sent forward to identify the defenses of Croatia and the location of their army to be able to maneuver to favorable terrain. The siege of Zagreb, however, will continue as usual. 3 siege towers, 3 pairs of ladders, and a single battering ram will be constructed to aid in the siege. Our forces will cut the supply lines of Zagreb, as they should be already, and only maintain supply lines from the home front to the army. We will offer the defenders of Zagreb mercy and freedom to return to their families if they lay down their arms and surrender the fortress. They're weapons and armor will be confiscated but they will be free to return home. However, we will briefly interrogate the higher ups, trying to get information on the Croat army strength. [Mod Response] If no surrender comes, trebuchets will fire their armament into the city, aiming for the stores and defenses. We will aim to destroy their food and water supplies, cutting down the time necessary to siege by a lot. Dead bodies will also be flung into the city to cause disease. However, a direct assault will only occur if the siege is lasting more than a couple of months. If it comes to this, we will send some 4,000 soldiers and 1,000 Varjobaggy to assault the fortress and attempt to bring victory to our army. Reinforcements will be sent in if necessary. Overwhelming strength by the elites will be used to bring them down. When Zagreb is finally secure, Coloman will regroup, set up a garrison, interrogate the officers and confiscate all weapons and equipment. The captured will, after that, be released to go back to their families. With all good and done, Coloman's host will move southwards to the key city of Karlovac. Here he shall secure the city, which has no fort needing a siege, and attempt to bait the Croat army. Knowing this is the key city between the northern Kingdom of Croatia and southern Kingdom of Dalmatia. Caution will be taken upon the approaching of the city, attempting to scout the Croatian forces and bait them into a battle that we have favorable terrain. This is where a battle should occur, so we may crush the Croatian host swiftly and decisively, enabling us to proceed forward and kill the pretender King of Croatia, bringing Hungarian rule upon the Kingdom. The Battle of Karlovac will occur with the Hungarians attempting the initiative, drawing the Croatian forces towards us in what seems like a retreat. When they attempt to pursue, Coloman's horse archers will move around the flanks and hit them as such. Meanwhile, the soldiers, with the Varjobaggy behind, will make a frontal attack against the Croats. Taking their inferior units by surprise and overwhelming them. The Varjobaggy, being elites, will easily be able to crush them while the Soldiers take most of the hits and hold the line. If necessary, the black horses may be used to run down any remaining Croat units. Decisively defeating their army. [Algo Needed]
    • Zagreb does not surrender. However, the scouts reveal that the fortress is unusually low on defenses given its size
  • Alania: On the boarder of our nation we continue to build forts to protect our lands. By the forts small villages increase in population with people moving from the capital of Maghas to the smaller villages. Our skilled workers continue to build more roads to connect us to other nations and trade routs. Within our capital we still are expanding the city by continue to build infrastructure that expands the metro city. Many of our merchants trade goods that are obtained from the middle east and trade them to the Rus for their items of trade. Nomadic pastoral grazers, graze the territory we own with their domesticated animals to help the aniamls be familiar to the lands they are using. The nomadic pastoral grazers are semi skilled in fighting and weapon use, so while doing their job with their domesticated animals they also protect our boarders from invasions too. We also have professional trained troops on our boarders so we can keep our nation safe. Lots of outposts are continuing their construction along our boarders. A giant look out tower/clock continues its construction in the capital city. The king wants more bigger structures to be built so that people can see from higher distances and then see farther way. The construction of the biggest church in the region continues its construction place. David decides to construct a large university called David university so he can educate the youth of the nation with wonderful science, math, history, music, art, and literature. Prince David goes up into Rus lands seeking a wife in ally lands to marry. (Rus player response) Men on horseback about 10k worth of troops from our nation attack Zichia. (lime green nation southwest of me) General Simon Kashibadze leads the raiders into the nation attacking their capital city sacking it then looting it. The general takes the army all the way to the coast line of the black sea and demolishes everything in their path. Feared by our army the people of Zichia are taken as prisioners of war and then intergrated into our nation to be assimilated with our own people. (Algo needed)
    • Vladimir II Monomakh suggests that the young Prince David marry Princess Sofia of Novogorod the daughter of his cousin Gleb of Novgorod.
    • Prince David excepts the suggestion and marries Princess Sofia.
  • Kingdom of England: Now is the 29th year of the reign of King Harold II of House Godwin. He is married to Ealdgyth (Edith) of Mercia, which has tied House Godwin of England and the House of Mercia together in alliance. He has many siblings: Gyrth Godwinson, duke of East Anglia, who is married to Judith of Flanders; and Gunhild Godwinsdatter, a nun. Harold II has sired several children through Edith the Fair, his previous wife whom he married in Danish tradition. They are Godwine, King of Denmark, who is married to Princess Sigrid Svendsdatter of Denmark; Edmund, who is married to Margaret of Wessex and is unlanded; Magnus, Marklord of Wales, who is married to Gwenlian ferch Bleddyn thus forming an alliance with Gwynedd; Gytha, who is married to Alan mab Konan de Rennes; Gunhild, who is married to Lǫgmaðr Guðrøðarson. He also has sired Harold (1066 and married to Agnes of Blois, securing an alliance with the powerful French family) and Ulf, who is unwed (1067). Harold Haroldson has a son named Ulric. The population of England is roughly 2 million, with most of the population being centered around Winchester and London. Though the majority of the people in England are of Anglo-Saxon descent, there is a sizable Scandinavian population, especially in regions once under the control of the Danelaw. There are also a number of Britons, especially along the Welsh and Scottish borders as well as in Cornwall. Though the monarchy of England is more-or-less absolute, the Witenagemot is a folkmoot of secular and clergymen who advise the king, discuss legislation, and hold judicial hearings should the need arise. If the reigning monarch were to die, the new one will be chosen among the eligible Æthelings in England, though they typically choose members of the deceased monarch’s family. Harold II is widely popular throughout England, especially among the thanes. Though he maintains alliances with those in his family as well as with the sons of Ælfgar of Mercia, tensions are known to run between earls from the north and south of England. The surrender of Norse-Scottish forces in Inverness comes as good news to the English, who accept the terms, but request that King Iomhar not be allowed to leave the castle. Should the Scots agree, Iomhar will be apprehended and brought to London. Otherwise, a trap is set up in the highlands to apprehend the Irish king. (Mod response needed for both) About 2,000 Englishmen are sent home, along with all the sick and wounded. These men are able to return to their fields. England prudently used about 4,000 men in total, saving it from disaster during this famine. The pestilence sweeping through the British Isles enters England through Lothian. The men returning home from war help spread it, though the overwhelming majority of these men were Northumbrian. The plague spreads to Mercia, though the fens and wilderness separating the north and south stop the disease from spreading into the capital region. London, it seems, has been at least spared from one natural disaster. Word of the death of Godred Crovan from the disease reaches Winchester. The Isles had a defensive alliance with England in the event of invasion from an (at the time) emergently powerful Scotland. With the collapse of the Scottish realm and the death of Godred Crovan, the situation to the north seems to have changed drastically. Shortly thereafter, word of Norway landing forces to occupy the Hebrides is met with anger in Harold II's court. Though their troops have indeed been thrown into the sea, they are now attempting to assert control over other parts of the British Isles. As Norway appears to be eating its own vassals alive, the landless Ulf Haroldson attempts to muster an adventuring group of Irish, Scottish, Cumbrians, and Norse to carve out a portion of Norway for his own realm. He also catches the attention of many of the English forces already in Scotland who want a little bit more out of the war. (Mod response needed) More of what? Blood, gold, glory? Who is to say? The English economy, which had taken something of a hit with war just to its north, sees a rebound, especially in southern markets. Though England has only been able to send a limited amount of forces to Spain, English merchants trading with French, German, and Spanish crusading parties have found great success in sending supplies to the Spanish front. These war profiteers are condemned by the Archbishop of Canterbury late this year, and about 1,500 more English crusaders enter the fray.
    • Iomhar attempts to flee before Scotland can answer, but is captured anyway
    • Most of these forces are tired from fighting but a few hundred volunteer'
  • House Barcelona: The fall of Denia to the crusaders is a huge boon. With this major port secured, the fleet is brought south. Emperador Pere-Ramon declares: “Let these African invaders try, we will repel them on land in the name of our lord God, we will fight them on the beaches, and in the hills. Now, our ships on the seas go forth to repel them on the waves, to severe them from our homeland. Let them try to defeat us when we hold them back from reaching our God-given shores. And one day, when my children’s children sit as kings in Catalonia, let them send forth armies to avenge our fallen here. Let them savage these saracens in their homes across the seas.” With that he dispatches the 55 Galeras Normandals of the Barcelona Fleet, the 20 galleys offered by Pisa, the 20 Norman longships, and an additional contingent of Catalan Galeras Normandals numbering around 15 ships. With this force Pere-Ramon intends to cut the sea-lanes connecting Iberia to Africa. The 110 ships are dispatched under the command of Hugh II, Comte de Empúries, who leads a series of daring raids on Alicante, Malaga, and lastly Cartagena burning ships, slaughtering muslim merchants (but sparing Christian and Jew alike), and seizing cargo. The raids are intended to draw the enemies’ forces away from Denia and perhaps provoke a battle at sea while the armies on land regroup. (Algos for the impact of the raids and any potential naval battle) Sticking to his master plan, Emperador Pere-Ramon advances swiftly behind these raids, timing them so as to exploit enemy movements to counter the raiders. Taking advantage of the chaos, he seizes Alicante, before moving to encircle Murcia in a rapid advance. With the enemy forces pursuing the faster ships-borne marines along the coast, the defenses of each of these cities is spread thin. (Algo/algos for the advance) Traps, the bane of the Crusaders during this war, are to be disarmed by scouting parties, sent forth before the main host. At home Emperadriu Gerberga orders the distribution of grain and foodstuffs when possible. She calls upon Provence, her homeland, to help provide the necessary supplies, and asks for support from the southern counties of France. (Mod Response for the Southern Frenchmen) Her efforts save hundreds from starvation or malnourishment, but fail to address the underlying shortage of manpower that has caused the economic woes. In the west, Peter I of Aragon marches with swiftness southward, running from the larger army to his north, he intends to savage Toledo and force the army away from Christian cities in Castile. On his way gathers the 2,000 Jinetes assigned to raiding the fringes of Toledo to strengthen his force. In a somewhat interesting development, a number of the stronger Iberian archers have adopted yew bows like those of their English counterparts. These bows are crafted in the field from spanish-grown Yew and are employed to great effect, bolstering the range of many in the Aragonese contingent. With the Christian armies moving boldly into the heartland of Al-Andalus all sides hold their breath in this culminating chapter of the Crusade. (Algo needed if any of the armies encounter one another.) [posting for Steph, these algos have already been done]

1096

The Crusaders under Bohemond of Taranto, with Rus support captures the city of Nicaea in a long siege, and gives it back to Byzantium. They then push on for the city of Samosata

Parts of Greece revert to Byzantine control while the Normans are focused on Asia. With Smyrna in the hands of the Christians, Chaka Bey takes refuge in Seljuk lands, but he is murdered by Kilij Arslan, who takes over the south of the beylik, while the Romans occupy the north. Kilij allows Bohemond's crusader army to pass east to Samosata, letting his disloyal beys deal with them.

Following the Death of Robert Curthouse in the Battle of Homs, William Rufus becomes the new Duke of Normandy, while Raymond becomes the new Count of Tripoli.

The retreating Army of Damascus calls upon the local Arab tribes for assistance from the Bedouin tribes of Arabia for assistance, call that is answered by some 8,000 tribesmen who begin a hit and run campaign out of the Jordan Desert against the much slower Crusaders.

After being expelled from Jerusalem, the Artuqids re-establish themselves in Al-Jazira, at the cities of Diyarbakır, Mardin, and Hasankeyf.

Turkish warlord Kerbogha seizes the city of Mosul, putting an end to the Uqaylid dynasty.

Emir Abdul-Madjid Khaleel captures the Faiyum Oasis and marches on Cairo, where he is opposed by his rival, the Emir of Fustat.

The Berbers under Abu-Mohammmad Jafari continue to raid the turks, however he decides to let his enemies slaughter each other. The shirk sends word to Yemen seeking the support of the Ismailis there

The Taifa of Badajoz submits itself as a direct vassal of the Almoravids

Queen Urraca grants her husband, Raymond of Burgundy, his own title as Count of Porto, which is now established as its own vassal state known as the County of Portugal.

Enthusiastic of the Crusader's success, large groups of peasants across the Rhine River in Germany begin sacking and massacring various communities of Jews, known as the Rhineland pogrom. They particularly siege the cities of Worms, Mainz, Metz and Semlin. Later in the year, there is increasing popular demand in Saxony for official persecution of the Jews, which is supported by the lower nobility

The Wends grow increasingly bolder as the Saxons and Danes fail to respond in a adequate manner becoming a more and a seasonal affair

The Kingdom of Phayao is established in Thailand

First documented classes are held in Oxford University

  • Papal States: The City of Jerusalem under Robert Scalio and Grandmaster Gerard continues to be rebuilt and cleansed. As the Knights Hospitaller have completed the protection and inventory of the Holy Relics hidden in the city, masses are held twice a week for the spiritual edification of the Crusaders and native Christians alike. As Christ had commanded that "they will know you are my disciples by your love for one another", so it is important for the soldiers for Christ to act with diginity, respect and chivilry towards one another. Benevolence towards the Jews and Saracens, however, are purely upon the direct orders of the Pope. Suspecting these parties to attempt a revolt at any point, or collaborate with the Jordainian bedoines, the Knights Hospitaller routinely suppresses any dissidence in the ghettos. While the Temple Mount is still not disturbed, a small shrine for mass is set up temporarily behind it, in honor for the Temple of King Solomon. Latin Patriarch Arnulf reaches out to invite the religious leaders of the Georgian Orthodox Church to join the Catholics in worshipping in Jerusalem (Georgia response). Robert is increasingly concerned of the thin garisons of the Holy City, as well as the absence of the True Cross, and he anxiously writes to Godfrey for sending some forces back to the south. Meanwhile, the whole army of Antioch mourns for their great losses recently, both Adhemar of le Puy and now the noble warrior Robert Curthose, the late Duke of Normandy. Upon recieving word from Robert Scalio, Count Raymond of Tolouse assumes the title of Count of Tripoli for himself. At King Robert's request in the same message, Raymond dispatches 5,000 troops to defend Jerusalem, and 4,000 to be stationed in Ascalon. The remaining 22,000 troops, led by Raymond of Tolouse, will proceed into the heart of Syria to siege the city of Aleppo (algo request). Taking this bold action into the heart of Saracen lands, Raymond evokes a prayer in the name of Robert Curthose, if he be in heaven, to grant them a swift victory. Meanwhile, Godfrey of Boullion similarly takes his full army north around the Sea of Galilee to march on the city of Damascus. This ancient city has served as the main administrative center for the Saracens in the Levant for many centuries, ever since their fall to Caliph Abu Bakr in 634 AD. Should Damascus fall, the western half of Syria will likewise be liberated. Taking the True Cross as his symbol, Godfrey of Boullion takes his remaining 23,000 troops to siege the city of Damascus (algo request). Back in Rome, Pope Urban II is pleased to hear of the holy work done by these holy knights, while also feeling sorrowful for the loss of life. For his act of martyrdom, the Pope recognizes Robert Curthose as a Servant of God. Pope Urban is expressely keen on gaining local support from the Arab population for the Crusaders, knowing that the Christian Arabs had been suppressed by the Turks and Muslims ever since the rise of the Caliphate. The Pope sends letters to the Syriac Orthodox Church and the (Nestorian) Assyrian Church of the East, requesting their support for a revolt or collaboration of Christian Arabs within Seljuk territory (mod response). These letters are filled with flattering words on scriptual basis, and makes a vague suggestion of re-evaluating the Council of Ephesus, once the Crusade is complete. At the same time, the Pope feels himself getting older and weaker, and considers it could be best to soon call the Crusade to a close and return all the knights back to their families.
  • County of Sicily: Roger’s efforts to entice Norman immigrants to Sicily pays off extremely well as a massive wave of Norman peasantry and petty lords arrive to the island, seeking to build new lives. Roger, pursuant to his promise, allows the Norman peasantry to own their own farms rather than work on farms owned by lords, with each peasant allotted a small plot of land to work. In exchange, however, Roger expects each family to provide men for his campaigns and wars. Construction of roads linking the major cities of Syracuse, Salerno, Palermo and Messina continues, along with efforts to repair and improve existing ports and docks, with Roger hopeful that such efforts will greatly revive Sicily’s mercantile community and trade. With Sicily reopened to commerce, merchants from Western Europe, Africa, Italy, Greece and the Middle East are allowed to stop in Sicilian ports to rest and trade their goods. In an attempt to increase trade between the Norman holdings in Apulia and Sicily Roger grants special privileges to Norman merchants, allowing them to dock in Sicilian ports without paying a docking fee or tribute. Roger also encourages the maintenance and expansion of the Norman naval presence, commissioning warships and hiring experienced naval crews to work them. This works to help protect Norman shipping near Sicily and also plays into Roger’s plans for further Norman expansion into the Mediterranean. In terms of administering the island, Norman lords and knights replace most of the rulers of various settlements and estates, however local Muslim rulers, rather than being displaced, are integrated into the administration of the island, being tasked with collecting taxes and administering their lands in the name of the new Norman rulers. As part of Roger’s efforts to solidify his rule, he begins minting coins with his name and face on it, with himself listed as the “Count of Sicily”.
  • Duchy of Saxony: News reaches the Duke of Saxony that the Wends are making trouble again. Initially he is furious, blaming his son-in-law Conrad, who was assigned the position of governance over the region as Margrave of the Nordmark. Conrad blames the Saxon ambassador to Denmark for failing to co-ordinate a joint attack on the Wends with Denmark. The ambassador blames Crusaders for distracting Saxony. The bishops and clergy who advocated for this blame the Duke of Saxony. The Duke of Saxony, despite having done nothing and hoping the problem would go away on its own, disregarding persistent advice to the contrary, ducks this blame, and instead decides it is best to blame the Jews. Everybody is happy with this solution and the Duke of Saxony officially declares the Jews in league with not only the Devil but the Wends too. With growing violence against the Jewish communities in Saxony, the Duke of Saxony does nothing to stop this. The Rhineland count known as Emicho declares the Jews a scourge upon the Earth, and suggests that, like locusts, they ought to be eradicated. The Duke of Saxony allows Emicho, who has ammassed a large people's army, into Saxony to persecute Jews. Following various crusaders being invited by Emicho and other nobles in the area to join the Crusade against the Jews, the Duke of Saxony suggests also a Crusade against the Jews' allies, the Wends (mod and other nations' responses). Meanwhile, hearing that Jerusalem's guard is thin, the Crusader, Otto, Count of Ballenstedt, offers to send 2000 Saxon troops to help guard it (Papal response).
    • Emperor Berthold approves to help the Saxons attack the Wends
    • King Robert of Jerusalem accepts the support, which relieves some of the French troops already there
  • Kingdom of Sweden: The king has always been known as a pius man who wants all religions to be at peace and therefore watches in horror on the massacre of jews in Saxony. He therefore passes the 1096 royal edict,which gives protection to all religions in sweden but puts extra protection for the catholic faith which he also praises. Churchs are being built all over sweden especially in the sami province where conversion efforts are ongoing. The king asks the pope to send some people to help with the conversion efforts(papal response needed) Moreover the king offers more sami tribes to join the sami province(Mod response needed) The queen gives birth to a a daugther who they name Kristina after the kings half sister. The king travels to varnhem to participate in the opening of the varnhem abbey where he is warmly welcomed by the locals. with the threat of English agression against Norway once against real,the king decides wait and see for the moment. The people in Gustavia and Halland seems to have developed a local dialect with the name of Skånska or Scanian which sounds as bad as danish does to a swede in Stockholm. So the king sends local people there to make sure the have translaors ready.
    • A few tribes immediately bordering Sweden capitulate
  • Duklja: Next actions of the Dioclean army depend on actions of Peter Snac. At the moment, Diocleans stay in Pagania, ready to fight against Peter if he decides to deal with the southern threat. However, if Peter marches north to combat the Hungarians, Constantine is ready to occupy southern Croatia, not limiting himself to Klis. (Mod response) Knowing that the Croats have left the area, Constantine and his 5,000 army attack the Castle of Klis, and, provided the attack is successful, move further into Croatian territory to occupy coastal towns Split and Trogir. After the fall of Peter Snac and occupation of Croatia by the Hungarians, Constantine Bodin urges the Pope not to recognize Coloman the King of Dalmatia (since Coloman is not control of Dalmatia) and not to rush his recognition as the King of Croatia. Constantine points out that he is a good Catholic ruler, who has provided the Crusaders with ships, and that if Dioclea receives no help from the Pope she would be forced to seek support in Constantinople. (Pope response)
    • The Castle Klis appears much less guarded as most military have moved north against Hungary
  • Alania: On the boarder of our nation we continue to build forts to protect our lands. By the forts small villages increase in population with people moving from the capital of Maghas to the smaller villages. Our skilled workers continue to build more roads to connect us to other nations and trade routs. Within our capital we still are expanding the city by continue to build infrastructure that expands the metro city. Many of our merchants trade goods that are obtained from the middle east and trade them to the Rus for their items of trade. Nomadic pastoral grazers, graze the territory we own with their domesticated animals to help the aniamls be familiar to the lands they are using. The nomadic pastoral grazers are semi skilled in fighting and weapon use, so while doing their job with their domesticated animals they also protect our boarders from invasions too. We also have professional trained troops on our boarders so we can keep our nation safe. Lots of outposts are continuing their construction along our boarders. A giant look out tower/clock continues its construction in the capital city. The king wants more bigger structures to be built so that people can see from higher distances and then see farther way. The construction of the biggest church in the region continues its construction place. David decides to construct a large university called David university so he can educate the youth of the nation with wonderful science, math, history, music, art, and literature. Prince David marries Princess Sofia of Novogorod the daughter of his cousin Gleb of Novgorod. This brings our relationship with the Rus even more powerful than it was before. The military push into Zichia and obliterate their army and annex them into our nation growing in size and gaining a coast line with the black sea. We rebuild areas destroyed by the war that takes place. Nomadic pastoral gazers settle the area with their domesticated animals. Other citizens move into the new area to gain opertunity to get a job and make money. On the black sea coast we build up our ports so we can increase our trade and gain goods from europe and trade ours to them. The navy builds ships so we can patrol the waters of the black sea and keep our merchant ships safe. Our economy sky rockets with now being able to use the black sea for trade. The nation itself gains a surplus of revenue from the opening of more trade.
  • Kingdom of England: Now is the 30th year of the reign of King Harold II of House Godwin. He is married to Ealdgyth (Edith) of Mercia, which has tied House Godwin of England and the House of Mercia together in alliance. He has many siblings: Gyrth Godwinson, duke of East Anglia, who is married to Judith of Flanders; and Gunhild Godwinsdatter, a nun. Harold II has sired several children through Edith the Fair, his previous wife whom he married in Danish tradition. They are Godwine, King of Denmark, who is married to Princess Sigrid Svendsdatter of Denmark; Edmund, who is married to Margaret of Wessex and is unlanded; Magnus, Marklord of Wales, who is married to Gwenlian ferch Bleddyn thus forming an alliance with Gwynedd; Gytha, who is married to Alan mab Konan de Rennes; Gunhild, who is married to Lǫgmaðr Guðrøðarson. He also has sired Harold (1066 and married to Anna of Durham) and Ulf, who is unwed (1067). The population of England is roughly 2 million, with most of the population being centered around Winchester and London. Though the majority of the people in England are of Anglo-Saxon descent, there is a sizable Scandinavian population, especially in regions once under the control of the Danelaw. There are also a number of Britons, especially along the Welsh and Scottish borders as well as in Cornwall. Though the monarchy of England is more-or-less absolute, the Witenagemot is a folkmoot of secular and clergymen who advise the king, discuss legislation, and hold judicial hearings should the need arise. If the reigning monarch were to die, the new one will be chosen among the eligible Æthelings in England, though they typically choose members of the deceased monarch’s family. Harold II is widely popular throughout England, especially among the thanes. Though he maintains alliances with those in his family as well as with the sons of Ælfgar of Mercia, tensions are known to run between earls from the north and south of England. It has been 30 years since the Normans were defeated and a jovial spirit overtakes England this year. Rex Haroldus, a play depicting the events of 1066, becomes popular in London after Harold II holds it during the Witan. The thanes and earls largely enjoy the play and request the troupe to visit their city. The play depicts a fanciful and grandiose rendition. For a modern viewer, these literary devices may have been taken at face value, but the propaganda value of the play on an otherwise illiterate society cannot be overstated. Rex Haroldus notably makes use of the name "Godwin Scylding". Though Godwine Haroldson is not known by this name during his life, historians will begin calling him this as early as the 13th century. The harvest this year is bountiful in England, allowing the north to rebound from last year's pestilence. The pestilence makes a brief rebound during the spring thaw but peters out after April. Though folks fear its return later in the year, December rolls around and the pestilence has seen no significant increase since April. Progress on the census again yields promising results in southern England, with more census-takers fanning out through the north. About 20 ships are retired from the English fleet in the north. Most are dismantled and any usable parts make their way onto newer ships. A few end up in the hands of traders. The construction of castles in Edinburh (surprise, surprise, OTL Edinburgh) and Dunbar along the Scottish coast keep the now-otherwise-idle hands of English levies busy. The forces that remain in the north largely occupy these castles, waiting for orders to come from the crown. Some join the banner of Ulf Haroldson, but Harold II wishes for Ulf to stand down. Harold II personally travels to Edinburh, where Iomhar is being kept. The Irish king is executed by Harold's hand and given his allotted six feet of English soil. Iomhar's head is sent back to Corcaigh on a silver shield. On the back of this shield, it says, "Then you shall have your glory, O conqueror." His bannermen are allowed to leave, as they are simply following foolish orders and cannot be expected to break their word. They are guaranteed safe passage. In the meantime, the Isles appears to have accepted the occupying force by the Norwegians. This neutering of a powerful vassal on the rise is to be expected and perhaps for the best, though it is no cause for celebration. In Denmark, a revolt in Jutland is swiftly put down. The Thanes have once again risen against the Estridsens and Godwin Scylding uses notoriously harsh tactics and punishments on the traitors. It is meant to reinforce the strength of Scandinavian oaths in a changing Christian world and, of course, scare anyone thinking of revolt. With the recent revolt in Nordmark to the south, the region in general seems to agree that revolt may not be the best idea. The Thanes that are executed are replaced with Anglo-Danes, mostly from northern England. Around this time, the term skirrgraf (Old Norse skírr + grafa, or shire reeve) begins to take hold in Denmark. The shire reeve - or sheriff - held significantly more importance in Anglo-Saxon England than it would after the OTL Norman conquest. This importance continues in this ATL. Harold II uses the results from the Domesday Book to redraw hides in England, draft new ones for Cumbria and Lothian, and lists a number of distinctions between the various Thanes and reeves of England. Though feudalism has trickled into England, many of the new changes practically mirror Carolingian feudalism. Thanes seem to becoming something closer to a knight while reeves (a cognate of the German graf) seem to be playing the part of barons and counts. Shire-reeves and Burh-reeves (Sheriffs and Burhgreeves) will play an even more integral part in rural and urban England respectively, though each reeve is a Thane of his respective Earl. Regarding the Wendish expeditions, English and Danish forces in the area already fighting against the brief Jutland revolts are able to expel the Wends during their springtime attack. An expedition led by Danes is sent to punish the Wendish tribe thought responsible for this attack. Whether or not the correct village is actually burned is quite another matter, though Wendish attacks do subside by autumn.
  • Norway: Now that Iomhar is dead, by the English no less, Magnus installs a vassal king named Ingemund.  As the war is over, the economy starts to recover. He builds fortifications in the Hebridies and Norse Cities of Ireland. Hearing word of this Ulf Haraldson, and his wishes to carve out Norway for a part of his realm, Magnus increases Defenses and fortifications along the coast. He also oversees the building of Knarrs and Longhips and other naval boats. Magnus sends an ambassador to sweden seeking to establish and embassy in Sweden’s capital. (Sweden Respone) This year, he makes a donation to the church. A good harvest strikes Norway this  year, providing the populace with much food. He wishes to develop Norway in manner to the southern Nations. He does this by advertising Traders, construction workers, scholars, priests and the like from The Lands of th Germans and Western Europeans to immigrate to Norway (Mod Response)
    • Very few people come
  • Kingdom of Hungary: With victories at Zagreb and Karlovac, King Coloman would give a rousing speech to his men. Pointing out their strengths and giving praise to his valiant warriors. To quel unrest, the army will establish a 400 man garrison at the fortress. Meanwhile, the remaining now 21,000 strong Host will advance southwards towards the city of Fiume. Along the way, scouts shall be sent forward to scout out the region betwen here and fiume before advanccing to lay siege. We will attempt to draw out the Croats, seeking to kill their King. For this, a group of 3 assassins will be hired to go out, find, and then kill the Croat King. With him dead, Coloman will be the only legitimate pretender and surley be able to conquer the Kingdom with ease. (Mod response I think) Precautions will be taken to not link the assassins to Coloman. The actual hirer will not be Coloman but an accomplice, loyal to him and oweing a favor. He will do all the transactions and give the orders to the assassins on Coloman's behalf. Coloman will provde the resources needed to carry out the mission, including the payment. However, Coloman's host will nonetheless advance towards Fiume and attempt to secure the city that has no fortress. His forces will assault the city, which would be having few number. A diversion would be sent east to Otocac, aiming to draw out the Croat army by the time fiume is seized. By the time the Croats are able to respond to two suposed threats, the forces at Otocac would be retreating west. As well, the Hungarians would be moving east. Our forces will link up at Brinje, in a large field surrounded by mountains with a single opening. The 3,000 force (Varjobaggy) that were retreating would be waiting for them in Brinje. However, the rest of the host will still be coming. As the Croats attempt to attack the forces at Brinje, our main host under Coloman will strike them from the rear. With no place to go and retreat, we will annilhate their entire host and attempt to kill their King, who is likely commanding the army. (Algo needed; Battle of Fiume | Battle of Brinje)
    • A soldier strikes against Peter's head while resting from battle, causing him to bleed out and die. All three assassins end up being captured
      • As a result of the assassination of Peter of Snac, King Coloman shall order an official pardon of 3 assassins and pay them as promised. Following this, Peter would send a formal request to Pope Urban II, asking him to coronate Peter as King of Croatia and Dalmatia. The Duchies of Hungary shall be reorganized. The Principality of Wallachia shall be created with the territories of Wallachia, its Prince being King Coloman. The title shall be tied to the Crown of St. Stepehen. Thereby placing Wallachia under a Personal Union with the Kingdom of Hungary. The same will go for the Kingdom of Croatia and Dalmatia.
  • House Barcelona: Though forced to quit the field, Peter I drove a spear deep into the heart of Al-Andalus with his daring attack. His forces break for home where he manages to re-form his army, now with an additional 1,500 English Longbowmen. The strongest bowmen of his force are re-armed with the English-fashion of Yewbows, with such wood sourced locally as needed. These reforms swell the longbowmen force to a neat 5,000. His army is further bolstered by the arrival of 2,000 Swedish Crusaders, veterans of the holy land, and fresh after a year spent recuperating in Barcelona. (Military movements delivered to the Mods) News of the English archers and their repeated decimation of muslim cavalry formations inspires Pere-Ramon to order his Sagramentals adopt the bows. They swiftly adopt slightly lightened versions, but some are able to wield the truly monstrous longbows of the English. Though only the strongest of these men are able to bear the weight of such bows, around a thousand are trained on the weapons as the siege of Murcia continues. These weapons prove devastating against the defenders as their long range allows the units to rain down death on the overcrowded city. (Algo for the second year of siege at Murcia) As the siege drags on, Ramon Berenguer, General of the Crusader Army, sends out spies to seek out and poison the the enemy leader Yusuf ibn Tashfin with a tainted needle or dagger. Should such agents prove effective, he hopes that the war may end with the expulsion of the Almoravid invaders and the assertion of Christendom as the dominant factor in all of Spain. (RNG for the assassination attempt) With many ports destroyed by their own hand. The crusaders hope to starve their enemy of reinforcements from Africa. (Military movements delivered to the Mods)
    • RNG 62 -- The assassin is able to stab Yusuf and get away with it, but the iron sultan resists the poison, calling it a "bellyache". This is ultimately a morale victory for his side, as the troops are awed at seeing his recovery (attributing it to the grace of Allah), and motivated to fight harder against the treacherous infidels.
  • Goryeo Dynasty: With the full empowerment of King Sukjong of Goryeo, the king seeks to slowly expand the defence capabilities of his realm. This desire coming from the instability around his realm such as in the Liao and song dynasties, combined with the old age of emperor Daozong. Sukjong fearing that his death might trigger a rogue general to start millitary campaigns as to replace his majesty Daozong's succesor and rightfull heir. Allthough Wang Hŭi is hopefull with the current trend in succesion in the Liao dynasty it seems very likely that the transition would be smooth going. The fear being mostly in the Wang Hŭi as rumors are slowly coming back to his majesty about Emperor Zhezong of the Sòng cháo. News from the envoys in the Song dynasty talking about the adbication of the emperor, this news being badly recieved by Sukjong. This makes Sukjong nervous not sure what is going to happen in not the Song dynasty but the whole region as a whole. Thus his Heavenly Majesty places 10.000 troops many of them archers but also peasant levies  under control of Yun Gwan, the general deciding to spread forces on the western coast. With a total of 6.000 soldier near the northern border and the rest spread out. Most of the soldiers spread out being near coastal cities such as Kwangju, these forces more deployed to stop any incoming enemy ships then actualy fight and fend of forces. In a suprising turn of events as to increase trade with the arab world, Sukjong addopts a laisez faire aproach to Islam. Not enforcing any practices or special treatment to these foreign believers, as the only muslims in Goryeo are Merchants and traders. The king beliving keeping relations and trade with the islamic world is more important then any socio-religious issue's islam can cause.

1097

Garcia II of Galicia is killed in battle against the Moors, and is succeeded by his son Xavier.

Emperor Berthold dies, and his son Conrad ascends as King Conrad III of Germany.

The Crusader forces under Bohemond of Taranto decisively beats the Turks at the Battle of Samosata, restoring nominal Byzantine control over all of Bithynia.

The Croatian nobles agree to make Coloman the new King of Croatia.

The pestilence suddenly re-emerges in January, causing the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle to declare "universal sickness and mortality". Via the Hebrides, it reaches Scandinavia, where the Swedish monarch falls ill, and then on to the rest of Europe. Carried to the fields of battle by crusaders and their supply trains, the disease kills 500 crusaders in Iberia and 1,800 in Palestine. Thankfully, this outbreak represents the final throes of the epidemic, and it will be decades before a plague of such intensity strikes again.

A large fire breaks out in Hamburg, burning parts of the city before petering out. It is unclear how exactly the fire began.

Construction of Westminster Hall begins in London.

  • Papal States: The city of Jerusalem finishes reconstruction under Robert Scalio's direction. The Church of the Holy Sepulcher is shared between different sects of Orthodoxy, Armenians, and Georgians, but it is the Catholics that has the most pre-eminence, under the leadership of Arnulf. Most holy relics are kept in custody at the Sepulcher, but out of his anxiety Arnulf reaches out to return the True Cross back to the Holy City as soon as possible. The construction of the city focuses on the streets and gates of the Old City specifically, and cloistered the Muslim and Jewish ghettos outside of any Christian holy sites, as well as away from major residential areas in general. With the arrival of so many volunteers to defend the city, Robert feels comfortable to release the Knights Hospitaller to support the Crusader effort in sieging Damascus across the Jordan River, but also instructions to personally recover the True Cross and bring it back to the city. Meanwhile, the Siege of Damascus spanning over a year becomes a point where the First Crusade significantly ran out of steam. Being so far away from the coast into the desert, the Crusader lost their initial advantage of being supplied by the Italian navy. Over 1,000 died from the initial siege followed by another 1,800 from diseases, including the holy knight Godfrey of Boullion. His brother Baldwin of Boulogne took charge of the main Crusader force, and was subsequently named by Robert as the new Keeper of the Holy Sepulcher. Still, the morale of the Crusaders was significantly shaken, despite the presence of the Holy Cross in battle, with the great city of Damascus still holding out from attack. Raymond of Tolouse, having captured the city of Aleppo, left 10,000 troops to still defend the outpost, and accepted the Duchy of Antioch to assume its control. He proceeded south with the remainder of his men to help relieve the siege with Baldwin of Boulogne. A total force of 30,000 troops continues the siege of Damascus under Raymond of Tolouse, using the troop composition of the Main Crusader army (Algo request). Meanwhile, Pope Urban hopes that this final siege can put the Levant siege to rest and allow as many souls as possible to return to their families soon, knowing that he may not live long enough to see its conclusion. In light of that, Pope Urban begins to draw up some long term plans for the future of Christendom, hoping that the comradery of the Crusade may help cement his overarching plan for universal peace and international cooperation. Pope Urban continues to appeal to the Assyrian and Syriac Christians in the Middle East to be subversive against the Turks and aid the Crusader forces, with promises of establishing a new communion between Catholics and Nestorians at some point in the future (mod response). Seeing the Kingdom of Croatia recently fall, Pope Urban II does not want the region to become a source of petty rivalry between local powers, and so intervenes to work on a comprimise. The Pope sends the Bishop of Buda to crown Coloman as King of Croatia. However, Constantine of Dukjla is recognized as the Duke of Dalmatia, a title which has the King of Croatia as its de jure liege. (Hungary and Dukjla response)
    • Constantine Bodin welcomes Papal intervention and is honored to be recognized the Duke of Dalmatia, however, he points out that he never pursued this title in the first place. If someone should become Duke of Dalmatia, it would be his brother, Dobroslav Vojislavljević. Constantine offers the Pope to recognize his brother Duke of Dalmatia, albeit as a vassal of the King of Croatia, and to ensure Dobroslav receives the entirety of Dalmatia as his fiefdom.
  • County of Sicily: Norman rule of Sicily continues to establish itself peacefully and rather bloodlessly under Roger’s tactics of cultural assimilation. In urban centers throughout Sicily Roger works to rebuild from the chaotic violence of the Norman conquest, lowering taxes and paying for the repair of damaged areas and expansions of certain cities and towns. In Palermo, Roger continues to invest in the repair and expansion of the city’s docks, seeking to revive Palermo’s mercantile community. Taxes are lowered on all merchants and craftsmen while Norman merchants are granted free access to the city’s markets. Roger expands this policy to his vassals, lowering their taxes in exchange for them not taxing Norman merchants and lowering taxes overall. Roger also temporarily eases taxes on Sicily’s peasant farmers, hoping that an excess of crops will help the island’s agricultural community bounce back. The roads linking Palermo, Syracuse and Messina are completed, greatly easing travel and trade between the island’s main urban areas. While the policy of lower taxes and heavy investment in the island’s economic revival seems key to building a strong and prosperous Norman presence on the island and in the Mediterranean, the policy greatly drains the treasury, with most of Roger’s captured loot and wealth going towards his policies. The lower taxes also decrease overall revenue, compounding the financial strain. Seeking a new source of revenue, Roger begins using his relatively strong fleet to begin raiding nearby Muslim trade routes to Africa. Not wishing to harm his own trade network, Roger specifically the trade routes linking Egypt and North Africa, using Malta as a base from which to launch pirate attacks. Roger however explicitly forbids attacks on any merchants traveling to Sicily or within 50 miles of Sicily’s shoreline. Roger’s foray into piracy will hopefully encourage merchants to avoid traveling to Tunis and instead stop in Sicily while also providing a new source of income for Roger’s holdings in Sicily. Hearing of the mass exodus of Jews to Italy, Roger sees an opportunity to entice further immigration to Sicily. Roger announces that any Jew who wishes to seek safety from the pogroms in Europe can find a new home in Sicily, where Roger promises exemption from the “heathen tax” and tolerance of their faith. Roger guarantees the safety of Jews, tolerance of the practice of their faith, and the safety of their property. As proof of his good will, he has his messengers highlight how Muslims and Orthodox Christians have been allowed to practice their faith and engage in commerce without prosecution under the new Norman rulers, with many messengers being Muslims or Orthodox Christians themselves to prove the message. [MOD RESPONSE ON JEWISH IMMIGRATION].
    • Many Jews come to Sicily
  • Kingdom of Sweden: This year the capital of Stockholm is beset by a ravaging sickness that leaves death in its tracks. Victims inlclude the kings bodyguard and the king himself. The king however was by the grace of good lucky to survive the illness and provide much needed support to the Civilians in Stockholm. "Jag har samlat er alla här idag för att vi ska be en bön till Gud och be om hans välsignelse över vårt kära land" After holding his speech the king ventures out into the crowd helping people wherever he can,trying to alleviate their situation somewhat. Meanwhile as the year progress the situation in the capital steadily begins to improve until late august when most of the plague has subsided. To honour all of those who perished the king decides to found the city of Adolphus(otl Gothenburg) There where the first stone is laid the king decides a statue to be built commemorating all who died in the plague of 1097. The statue is a statue of the king on his knees praying to god surrounded by commoners and others. This statue becomes known as the Gustav Adolphus Statue which becomes a famous landmark of the region. In other news the king travels to Norway to meet with the Norwegian king and establish the Swedish Embassy over there, in addition to this he goes on a royal tour over Sweden. In late December the king signs to Council edict which establishes the royal Swedish council which will advise the king on important matters. The council will be composed of 10 members one for each vassal state and one for the Sapmi nation. This council has no power over the king but is only there to advise him on matters of the realm. This move is widely cited as one of the early forms of a parliament.
  • StarlandThere are people in paris who are angry from the king forcing them to make more food and the king does not accept to give them free time, Paris gets burned by the people and they make a camp to make a town named Lorkia. The people make houses and expand their land until the king relises that the people are making a new nation he sends out many troops to fight the people, he gains some land back but he realises that the people are way stronger then the army, so he just gives up and lets the people to gain freedom. Lorkia becomes the capital city and the people make a strong army and choose who to become king, and they choose Larisot and the council makes many choises.
    • Try again
  • Alania: On the boarder of our nation we continue to build forts to protect our lands. By the forts small villages increase in population with people moving from the capital of Maghas to the smaller villages. Our skilled workers continue to build more roads to connect us to other nations and trade routs. Within our capital we still are expanding the city by continue to build infrastructure that expands the metro city. Many of our merchants trade goods that are obtained from the middle east and trade them to the Rus for their items of trade. Nomadic pastoral grazers, graze the territory we own with their domesticated animals to help the aniamls be familiar to the lands they are using. The nomadic pastoral grazers are semi skilled in fighting and weapon use, so while doing their job with their domesticated animals they also protect our boarders from invasions too. We also have professional trained troops on our boarders so we can keep our nation safe. Lots of outposts are continuing their construction along our boarders. A giant look out tower/clock continues its construction in the capital city. The king wants more bigger structures to be built so that people can see from higher distances and then see farther way. The construction of the biggest church in the region continues its construction place. David decides to continues construct a large university called David university so he can educate the youth of the nation with wonderful science, math, history, music, art, and literature. King Giorgi tells General Simon Kashibadze to send 10k troops to attack the brown/red nation south of our nation. Our troops raid the towns and villages on horseback sack them and then burning them down. With the people we capture them and then take them as slaves. The navy sends several fleets of ships to blockade the ports and push away other ships from coming in. (Algo needed) With our recent victory against Zichia, our King is felling more confidence on how strong his nation is getting to be. Due to the fact that we have winning, we have grown in size recently and making our nation stronger. Our villag's start becoming towns, while towns are becoming cities, and then cities are becoming mega hubs with the population boom we have seen the last 10 years or so more. The Capital city of Maghas increases in its outer banks of the mega city by adding more of a suburban landscape with more homes and farms rather then stores and business like in the inner city. As the population increases jobs have also increased making unemployment rate of our nation decrease in percentage. Trade has been at an all time high with goods coming in from all over the world to our nation as we act as a middle man for europe and the middle east. With the mass killing of jews in Europe, we try and and save any lose jews we can help by sailing the black sea with empty ships. The ships then bring the jews to our nation and set them free in our lands so theycan mix with our people and intergrate them with the mass population.
  • Duklja: Constantine Bodin once again asks the Pope not to recognize Coloman the King of Dalmatia (since Coloman is not control of Dalmatia) and not to rush his recognition as the King of Croatia. Constantine points out that he is a good Catholic ruler, who has provided the Crusaders with ships, and that if Dioclea receives no help from the Pope she would be forced to seek support in Constantinople. Separately, messengers are sent to King Coloman, offering him recognition as the King of Croatia in exchange for Hungary recognizing Dobroslav Vojislavljević, brother of Constantine Bodin, an independent Duke of Primorje, ruling over Klis, Split and Trogir. (Pope and Hungary response) Amused by a Hungarian attempt to make a surprise attack with a 20,000 army and siege weapons in an unfamiliar terrain, Constantine learns about a coming enemy early enough to prepare Klis for defence. Time spent by Hungarians to build trebuchets and siege towers, and then move those all the way to Klis through Dalmatian hills and mountains, is used by Constantine to build traps on route to Klis, strengthen Klis defenses and bring reinforcements from Raška. Main Dioclean force, an army of 8,000 is concentrated in Klis itself, guarding the mountain pass and preventing two Hungarian armies from linking up. Trogir and Split are given up without a fight, however, a small force of 500 experienced mountaineer skirmishers is scattered in the mountains, ordered to harass the Hungarians, destroy siege weapons, activate traps, and make the way to Klis for Hungarians as long and deadly as possible. Additionally, the message is sent once again to the Venetians, calling them to comply with an agreement Venice and Dioclea made earlier, and to attack Hungarians from the west. (Venice response)
    • King Coloman declines, stating you have invaded his rightful territory and thereby shall surrender your lands or die. All of Dalmatia except the south is under our control, including Fiume. You are powerless.
  • Norway: The Pestilence strikes in Norway and while not as severe as in Sweden, it still leaves death in its tracks. Magnus props up several small statues commemorating the unlucky who died of plague. In other news, he meets up with the Swedish king and establishes the Swedish embassy in Trondheim. Magnus uses the small amount of southern migrants to modernize the cities. He also starts gathering historians to compile a book about the history and oral traditions of the Norwegian people, which would be called “The Saga of the Norwegians.” The population of Norway is steadily growing, with most of the people living in the flat costal plains and fjords. The king sends many missionaries into the interior and Sapmi to make sure that they are following the true faith. Along the far northern edges of the kingdom, fur trappers and whalers are starting to make a living, however the population remains minimal due to the climate and sheer distance.
  • Kingdom of Hungary: With the victory against the Croats confirmed, King Coloman would reorganize his 20,000 strong host and advance southward to subdue Duklja. In a surprise attack, Coloman's army shall approach the fortress of Klis by surprise and begin a siege of it. 4,000 Varjobaggy, 2,000 Archers, 500 Black Horses, and 7,000 Infantry will siege down Klis. Siege weapons, mainly trebuchets, will be constructed but also a couple siege towers but a majority of the engiens would be ladders. Some 40 ladders will be constructed for the siege with only 2 siege towers and no battering rams, due to the nature of the fortress. Due to its recent conqest by Duklja, it should be easier to subdue the fortress with it not being prepared for a long siege. However, the other host, led by a capable noble-general, will split from the main host at Kladnjice and move south west to subdue Trogir. 3,000 Infantry, 2,000 Varjobaggy, 1,000 Archers, and 3,500 Black Horses will make an attack of Trogir. A short siege (to attack using our siege weapons) will ensue over it and, once the city is weakened by trebuchet fire, battering rams, ladders, and siege towers will be used to assault the city and bring it down. As its garrison as not very large and the city's actual defenses are not very strong. It has to be assaulted due to its port. (Algo Needed). King Coloman, after hearing the Papal Declaration would state to His Holiness and the Papal recognized Duke of Dalmatia that he will accept this if the Duke officially recognizes Coloman as King of Hungary and his liege. He must bend the knee to Coloman. As a result of the successful conquest of Split, Klis fortress, and Trogir, King Coloman would issue letters to both Constantine Bodin of Dioclea and His Holiness, Pope Urban II. He would state that he no longer is seeking to compromise due to the conquests and the fact that Constantine wishes for the entirety of Dalmatia. For these reasons, he would offer to make peace with Dioclea here and spare their Kingdom. If they recognized King Coloman as King of Croatia and Dalmatia in addition to Hungary, which is already recognized. He would also include that he wishes to end this conflict as soon as possible to consolidate himself in Croatia and soon after Crusade in the name of the Lord.
  • Goryeo Dynasty: After years of travel and study of the Tripiṭaka commentaries from Goryeo, Song dynasty, the Liao and Wakoku, Uicheon publishes the "Goryeo Catalog of Sutras". This catalog being a Wang suplement to the canon of Goryeo Buddhism, Uicheon seeking to ease conflict between the doctrinal Gyo (教) schools and Seon (禪) schools. Believing that the Cheontae doctrine would be effective to this end, Cheontae doctrine holding the Lotus Sutra as the peak of the Buddha's teachings. This commentary being printed by many Buddhist priests and state facilities on to scrolls. Printing being promoted in Goryeo as an easier way to spread Buddhist literature, and indirectly thus also ethics and beliefs behind the Wang bureacracy. This system also making it cheaper and easier to get examinations for bureaucratic roles done, even when the ability to write and read are essential to their office they take. Buddhist filosophy being ideal for a centralised system as government as Buddhism believes in universal law and order. Mainwhile General Yun Gwan decides that one of the ways to have his 6.000 northern guards prepare defences is to repair the Goryeo Jangseong 千里長城 ,a huge defence line build by Emperor Hyeonjong. This wall being build to protect against the Khitans attacking Goryeo, and now with both the Song and the Liao dynasty seeming to burst into chaos. Yun gwan makes them repair the damage and the use for this wall, while also ordering his remaining 4.000 soldiers to build small guard towers amongst Goryeo's western islands. As an early sighting of enemy troups could allow mobilisation of troops for protection.
  • House Barcelona: Facing increasingly stiff resistance from the enemy. Emperador Pere-Ramon puts out one last call for aid from Europe. With his diplomatic options fast retreating he grows impatient for a victory at Murcia. (Algo for the 3rd year of the siege) The fleet retreats following the enemy’s successful defense of the Mar Menor. Denia is used as a base to repair, refit, and refurbish many of the ships. To the northwest, Xabier, king of Galicia, is asked to raise his fleet and those of Castile, Leon, and Aragon. To the north, Peter I of Aragon reforms his army and draws back on the defensive. A sneak attack raid is sent to capture Syr ibn Abi Bakr from his flagship. A small fishing vessel is sent with a team of crack soldiers is sent to sneak into the Almoravid main harbor, where they plan to snatch him from his flagship in the night. (Mod Response)
  • Kievan Rus: Another winter passes in the lands Rus and the Rivers once more flow freely bringing trade, and news. Rus traders continue to strengthen their hold over the Black Sea trade, and go beyond as their presence can be seen from the Baltic Sea to Cilicia. The lucrative salt trade in particular brings a wealth to Kiev, as well as the growing demand for pelts, and goods from the Orient. The stories of the Great battles being fought in the Levant, and in Anatolia inspire many a young noble, and peasant alike to seek their fortunes. Monomakh continues his administrative reforms standardizing the Pravda Ruskaya (Rus Law) and integrating Latin, and Germanic law to reduce the redundancies and contradictions. He also continues to oversee the compilation Rus accounts on the Turkic languages and culture for the creation of the Kodeks Polovetsy (Cuman Codex), a manuscript translating several Western Turkic languages (Cuman, and Oghuz) into Cyrillic script. The formal education of the young Prince Rogvolod has come to an end and his father begins taking him more frequently to the meetings of the Veche of Kiev, and to oversee his martial training personally. The loss of his beloved Katerina and the coming of age of his eldest son and heir Rogvolod leads to him focusing less and less on his family becoming consumed by the affairs of state, and the grooming of Rogvolod to rule in time. The domestic affairs are now completely in the hands of the Monomakh's stepmother Anna Polovetskaya. The younger Mstislav grows distant from his family taking to the teachings of the holy church feeling shunned by his domineering father, and jealous of older brother. Meanwhile Rogvolod feels the ever growing demands of his father desperate for his father's approval. It is also decided that Rogvolod shall wed his betrothed Anna Komene the daughter of Emperor Alexios in the spring of 1098 upon her coming of age (15). He invites the various nobles, and leading members of the Veche. He invites the various vassals of Kiev the Princes of Novgorod, Polotsk, and Rostov and Lithuania, along with his allies the Oghuz Khan, and the various Cuman Khans, and the Kings of Alania, and Georgia as a sign of friendship and respect. His envoys to the Oghuz, Cumans, Alans, and Georgians also come bearing a secret message inviting them to a war council that will plan out a great crossing of the Caucasus to aid the Crusaders and sack the lands of the Saracens bringing the great wealth back home (Mod and Player Responses required).
    • Lithuanian response: Prince Lukas accepts the invitation and assists to the Council.
    • Georgian response: King Giorgi II went to the event.
    • Alania response: The king excepts the invite and would love to help the council.
    • Cumans and Oghuz join in this war council, along with Rostov. Novgorod and Polotsk agree to friendship but aren't as committed.
  • Durdzuketia: After the start of a war by Alania, the society in mountainous Durdzuketia would begin to prepare. As a country that prepared the entire society for war, there is a feeling that the country will have success in beating back the attacks from Alania. There were many attacks on the country in the past, by different powers, which were failed, combined with the strong fighting will of the people, the various weapons, and the skill in warfare on both defence and attack, even in the difficult high mountain region - the chances for Durdzuketia are probably greater than for the other countries. Many of the mountain villages are built in defensive styles already in the most difficult to access places, which would make almost impossible for the Alanians to even have success in defeating more than a few small villages on the way. In general, the simple fact of the landscape and defence of the villages would also give enough time that Durdzuketia would be able to gather enough soldiers, around 9,000 including certain voluntary citizens, that a lot of the country could still be defended on the fronts. There are a few losses in the lowest villages, but it is not such a problem in the majority of the places, which are higher in the mountains. Because of Durdzuketia being as a vassal of Georgia, then Durdzuketia would call for the Georgian help, so that the war with the Alans can be ended. There was also a great opportunity that Durdzuketia took advantage of - Alania went to block the coast of Durdzuketia with its ships. But the coast does not exist. So, Alania spent a lot of manpower to go somewhere else, which would create more ability for Durdzuketia to make certain gains, especially in the mountainous area, but also starting to enter the lower territory. It is likely that more support would start on the way from Georgia shortly as a vassal of it, so mainly, holding defence and making small gains on Alania was the priority at the moment for Durdzuketia.
  • Kingdom of England: Now is the 31st and final year of the reign of King Harold II of House Godwin. He is married to Ealdgyth (Edith) of Mercia, which has tied House Godwin of England and the House of Mercia together in alliance. He has many siblings: Gyrth Godwinson, duke of East Anglia, who is married to Judith of Flanders; and Gunhild Godwinsdatter, a nun. Harold II has sired several children through Edith the Fair, his previous wife whom he married in Danish tradition. They are Godwine, King of Denmark, who is married to Princess Sigrid Svendsdatter of Denmark; Edmund, who is married to Margaret of Wessex and is unlanded; Magnus, Marklord of Wales, who is married to Gwenlian ferch Bleddyn thus forming an alliance with Gwynedd; Gytha, who is married to Alan mab Konan de Rennes; Gunhild, who is married to Lǫgmaðr Guðrøðarson. He also has sired Harold (1066 and married to Anna of Durham) and Ulf, who is unwed (1067). The population of England is roughly 2 million, with most of the population being centered around Winchester and London. Though the majority of the people in England are of Anglo-Saxon descent, there is a sizable Scandinavian population, especially in regions once under the control of the Danelaw. There are also a number of Britons, especially along the Welsh and Scottish borders as well as in Cornwall. Though the monarchy of England is more-or-less absolute, the Witenagemot is a folkmoot of secular and clergymen who advise the king, discuss legislation, and hold judicial hearings should the need arise. If the reigning monarch were to die, the new one will be chosen among the eligible Æthelings in England, though they typically choose members of the deceased monarch’s family. Harold II is widely popular throughout England, especially among the thanes. Though he maintains alliances with those in his family as well as with the sons of Ælfgar of Mercia, tensions are known to run between earls from the north and south of England. The pestilence makes a full rebound, this time affecting the southern regions of England. It enters through Kent and very quickly makes its way to London and Winchester. As was the case in the earlier outbreak just a few years ago, the fens and wilderness in central England serve as a natural barrier for the pestilence. The harvest is affected in England, particularly along the border with Mercia, where the plague seems to linger on for the longest. In September, the plague again begins to spread south before petering out by November. The richer parts of England are able to get by, the poorer parts suffer, as is the way in a feudal society. In his advanced age, Norman, Danish, and Swedish professionals were invited to Harold's court with increasing frequency. This is, in some ways, a carryover from Edward the Confessor's process of feudalizing England. They are responsible for bringing over several loan-words into the English language. Godwin Scyling has also started spending significantly more time in England than in Denmark, leaving the process of putting down revolts to his son. Though many believe he simply feels the beckon of his homeland once more, the real cause is far more severe: Harold Godwinson is dying. The king, who known for being very hands-on and active in the politics of England - perhaps to an obnoxious degree, depending on who you ask - is notably absent from many otherwise important functions. Shortly after Easter, Harold attends the Witan. He is weak from old age, almost unable to walk. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles note that "who was once a robust man full of energy and life was now a frail man. His mustache, once full and blonde, was bleached white with age. The hair on his head was sparse. Yet, as many grow senile and weak of mind in their old age, Harold II spoke with the very same conviction and wisdom that he had in younger and darker times. Harold II wore his old age with both regality and humility." It is during this meeting that Harold II names Godwin Haroldson officially his heir. The public ceremony is attended by all of Harold Godwinson's children. Last time an English monarch died, the circumstances of succession created such a crisis that it threatened to undo all of England. Now, it is clear to all who the next king of England will be. Harold Godwinson grows weaker through the year and passes away on September 16, 1097. He was 75 years old and had ruled England for 31 years, making him the oldest monarch in English history, surpassing Edward the Confessor's age of 63 at death. The length of his reign was surpassed only by Æthelred the Unready. His body is buried in Westminster Abbey. Godwin "Scyling" Haroldson is coronated on the exact same day. Now begins the 1st year of the reign of King Godwin "Scyling" of England and Denmark. He is the second member of House Godwin to hold England and the first to hold Denmark. He has many siblings: Edmund, who is married to Margaret of Wessex and is unlanded; Magnus, Marklord of Wales, who is married to Gwenlian ferch Bleddyn thus forming an alliance with Gwynedd; Gytha, who is married to Alan mab Konan de Rennes; Gunhild, who is married to Lǫgmaðr Guðrøðarson. He also has sired Harold (1066 and married to Anna of Durham) and Ulf, who is unwed (1067). Godwin is married to Princess Sigrid Svendsdatter of Denmark and has sired many children through her: Edwin, Aetheling of Denmark and England (b. 1070), who is wed to Margrethe Skjalmsdatter Hvide; Wulfstan (1072), Earl of Kent, who is unwed; Eadgyth (1075), who is unwed. Edwin is responsible for putting down an insurrection in Scania this year once word of the death of Harold II reaches Denmark. The earl, who had surrendered to Godwin during the Aetheling's War, attempts to lead a revolt to place some distant member of House Hvide back on the throne. His claim is on shaky grounds and there is little separating his would-be claimants war from a riot. By December, he is put down and executed, along with several of the earl's thanes. His estates are divided and given to loyal Danes, friends of Godwin, or re-appropriated for the peasantry. The pestilence that had stricken England does make its way to Denmark, though it seems to be largely due to contact with Sweden and Norway. Jutland is largely spared from the disease. With the assumption of his new throne, Godwin orders the construction of about 20 castles in Denmark, most of which are meant to keep the local populations in line. However, his brother Magnus also argues that there should be more castles along the Welsh border, especially due to the breakdown of the alliance with the Welsh states following the death of Harold II.

1098

The Defiant resistance of Shams al-Muluk Duqaq against the Crusaders at Damascus inspires more of the Bedouin Tribes to rally against the invaders. Some 13,000 tribesmen attempt to aid the besieged Bey of Damascus threatening the rear of Raymound and his men.

Kerbogha of Mosul summons a Seljuk army of 35,000 and marches on Antioch.

Taking Advantage of the chaos in Syria, Agents of the Naziri begin to infiltrate the remaining muslim cities in the region while the successful convince the garrison of Masyaf Castle to defect to the group following the successful assassination its commander.

The Seljuks once more enter a civil war, this time between supporters of Berkyaruq and those of his half-brother Muhammad, who has recently taken Baghdad.

As the Alan under Georgi the Craven continue to expand aggressively into the lands of their neighbors growing resentment among the various Circassian tribes grows with many of tribes carrying out raids on the Alan, this mixed with the growing tensions between Georgia, and Alania over the the Alan invasion of the Durdzuk a Georgian Vassal puts a strain on the administrative capacity of the Alans.

As the heavy handed conscription of their kin by Almoravids continues, unrest begins to grow in Ghana, and the other Sub-Saharan territories. The vassal states in Ghana begin raising their own military.

Almos, the brother of Coloman I leads a revolt against his brother to try and seize power in Hungary while he is busy in Croatia. Almos managesto gather some 11,000 supporters.

Far away in East Asia, Emperor Zhao Ji takes the throne after the abdication of his brother Zhezong, taking the throne name Emperor Huizong. The former Emperor Zhezong dies of constipation later that year.

  • Jerusalem: Hearing rumours of a bedouin army on the march to damascus, The King sends 4000 soldiers from Jerusalem to intercept them before they reach Raymound's rear while keeping 1000 soldiers in jerusalem in event of a surprise attack. a religious tax is imposed on muslims and jews living in the city of Jerusalem and other provinces, they are forced to pay 150% as much tax as christians. The Tower of David serves as the temporary palace of the King until a permanent one can be constructed. The King also sends marriage offers around Europe while calling for more crusaders.
  • Papal States: As Pope Urban II is getting sickly and unable to carry out most of his duties, he defers control over the Papal States to the Cardinal Rainer, the favorite member of the Consistetory from Mathilda of Tuscany. Rainer continues Urban's policy of mediating the Jewish ghetto of Rome separate but equal from the Christian community, as well as supporting the papal supremacy across the rest of Europe. Rainer especially focuses on the British isles, ostensibly separate from the imperial organization of western Europe, but forms the largest population of Catholics in that region. He reaches out to Acosta of Canterbury, the current Archbishop of those isles, to form a very close alliance in connection of these two spheres. Rainer especially supports the expansion of the higher education in Italy, especially around Tuscany with Mathilda's permission. Meanwhile, in the Holy Land the armies under Raymond of Toulouse find themselves in the most periless situation. The great citadel of Damascus has not yet fallen after two years of siege, and the casualties of the Holy armies of Christendom continue to rise. The accursed Saracen armies now pose another threat against Antioch, forcing many of the Crusader princes to suggest pulling back from Arabia to defend the Duchy. Raymond of Toulouse, however, in conjunction with Godfrey's brother Baldwin, refused to abandon the siege. Holding a mass that Saturday in front of the True Cross, he calls his Holy knights to stand firm against the Turks. All the spare troops that can be mustered are dispatched north to cut off the Seljuks before they can reach Antioch, including the troops stationed in Jerusalem and Ascalan, to group at Aleppo. Using the troop composition of the secondary Crusader Army, a total of 14,000 troops led by Baldwin of Hainuit gathers in Aleppo to group up with an additional 4,000 Western Knights coming up from Jerusalem, then presses north to strike against the Seljuks from the southern flank. Knowing he is outnumbered 2:1, Baldwin first reaches out to the Rus troops in Cilicia to strike against the Seljuks from the northern flank, taking them on two sides (Rus response) (algo request). Raymond then sends 13,000 troops led by Baldwin of Bologne south to meet the Bedoin forces coming to relieve Damascus, hoping to cut them off at the Valley of Sasa before they can reach the city, and flanked to the west by the Mountains of Golan (algo request). Finally, Raymond continues to lead the siege of Damascus, bearing the True Cross, with the remaining 17,000 troops. (algo request)*
    • 14,000 Rus, and Armenians ride out to aid the force of Baldwin of Hainault, agreeing to this plan. This group of Rus ride out to assault the northern flank of the Seljuk forces.
  • Kingdom of Sweden:This year is a sad one for the king as he suffers a heart attack and dies after having acomplished a lot in his short life. As both his son and daugther died during the plague last year,His Brother Prince Sigismund is chosen to suced him as Sigismund I. With Sigismund being a famous gneral,he immidielty becoms well loved and repsected by the sweidsh nobles and public. He is coronated on the 14th of march the same year at Stockholm cathedral where he participates in the burial of king Gustavus Adolphus. After the burial,he goes on the usual royal tour all over sweden,visiting places as Gotland and Öland. Later this year he organizes and expedition to claim and take into control the island of Åland(Mod response needed)When landing in Åland he claims the small island for Sweden and found the capital of Vasa. He spends small sum of money to establish farms and forts on the island while lso traveling to Norway to reaffirm the alliance.
    • King Sigismund finds the tiny islands near Aland to be uninhabted, with some abandoned hillforts
    • Magnus Barefoot reaffirms the alliance with sweden
  • Duklja: After the death of Constantine Bodin Dioclea fell into turmoil. His 17-year-old son Mihailo inherits the throne in Zeta, however, he faces opposition. His uncle Dobroslav, claiming to be the Duke of Dalmatia, looks for a powerbase to support his ambitions. Duke Vukan of Rascia, the nephew of Constantine Bodin, now finds himself the strongest of the Serbian rulers, and is eager to claim leadership in the region. Duke Stephen of Bosnia is a contender for the Dioclean throne as well, by virtue of belonging to the Vojislavljević dynasty. Two more adversaries of Mihailo are Kočapar Vojislavljević, who has managed to establish his own powerbase in Zachlumia, and Vladimir, another nephew of Constantine Bodin. Potentially, even Mihailo's younger brother Đorđe can become his enemy. Whatever the case, the government of Duklja stays paralized until the succession crisis is resolved.
  • Knights Hospitaller: In the Kingdom of Jerusalem, the Knights Hospitaller had been recently established as the Order of Knights of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem and ran multiple hospitals in the city of Jerusalem for wounded Crusaders and various pilgrims of the Holy Land. The care which they provided for the sick and weak of Jerusalem established them as an Order of selflessness and dedication to The Father. The recent moves made by the Crusaders near Aleppo and Damascus has led to the Knights Hospitaller sending out travelling physicians to assist in the medical aid needs of the two armies, travelling north with the armies sent from Jerusalem, emblazoned with the white cross on the red background, signifying their medical position for the Crusaders in need.
  • Goryeo Dynasty: Heavenly emperor Sukjong of Goryeo Condemns the enthronement of Zhao Ji, and declaring it illigimate in the eyes of the Goryeo dynasty. Sukjong declaring that the Song China has lost their Mandate of heaven. Sukjong believing that they have gone against the people and not protected them enough from decay. Yun gwan mighty 4.000 building up the last of their basic observation posts, these posts often being nothing more then small tower or building lighthouses. This benefiting both the army and the civilian population, with soldiers helping the civilian population even when they have time over or weather is being unfavourable to construction. Most soldiers on these western fringes, being locals of the are. Yun Gwan trying to allways recruit from the island he needs Soldiers and logistics from, allthough this is not allways possible due low population or need for the labour themself. The dear general even giving extra rice wine as compensation for the harsher conditions and isolation working on the western islands and the Northern fringes bring. The soldiers in the northern fringes having to endure colder winters and harder logostics, this not helped by the labour they have perform for the Goryeo Jangseong restauration works. The Goryeo Jangseong being a collection of walls that connected fortresses build under Hyeonjong of Goryeo. With  Yun gwan taking up to restore these walls to their originaly capabilities, a task which is taking multiple years. This slowspeed being due to a combination of remotenes, climate and the need for more stone. The climate of Northern Goryeo being more alike to the 물 mul/mörön river basin, this being relatively cold. Long winters bring bitter cold and clear weather interspersed with snowstorms as a result of northern and northwestern winds that blow from western mörön river basin. Sŏgyong temperature being bellow freezing very often in the winter temparatures ranging from −3 and −13 °C. With winter lasting often for more then a month  or two. Winter being particularly harsh in the northern, mountainous regions. This making it so that in the winter digging into the ground is rather hard, due to the ground being frozen. This digging being done at places where the fundation of the wall has started to crumble. This removed around 2-3 months of the year for work on the wall refining and rebuilding. This hard labour being worth it in the eyes of both Yun Gwan and emperor Sukjong, as the fringes of Goryeo seem less stable then ever before since the Liao invasion of Goryeo. With a Royal mint established under Uicheon Coin minting is prepared for Goryeo. on proposals by the the military officer Yun Gwan and Buddhist monk Uicheon. Uicheon, who was a younger brother of Sukjong, argued for the implementation of a monetary economy, having experienced its convenience and efficiency in the Song dynasty. Moreover, his proposed reform was intended to centralize the commerce and economy, which were dominated by the nobility.
  • House Barcelona: While encamped near Murcia, Pere-Ramon falls ill. He fights on for a week before passing in the night. His son, Ramon Bereguer II is quickly crowned King of Catalonia. However, the death of Pere-Ramon takes the wind out of the crusade’s sails. An envoy is sent to negotiate a Status-Quo Peace. The Almoravids will cede all territory north of Murcia, currently under Christian control to Ramon Berenguer II. Furthermore, an indemnity shall be paid to the Emperor of Iberia and the Crown of Castile & Leon to the amount of 20% of the territory of Toledo’s revenues. This Pariah shall be split 75-25 between the two receiving parties, favoring the emperor. (Almoravid Response) As a show of good faith, the crusaders allow the evacuation of several thousand starving Almoravid civilians and soldiers from Murcia. At home, the situation is truly dire. Having been at war so long, the merchant economy of Barcelona has suffered immensely. While it will undoubtedly recover with the cessation of hostilities, the cost has been great and difficult to bear. Only the capture of several economically valuable cities and mulsim shipping has kept House Barcelona afloat in this difficult time. The rest of Spain is no better off with serious losses in Castile, Leon, and Galicia. These three have been doubly hit by the lack of trade passing through the Straits of Gibraltar and the fighting so much closer to home. With the death of his father, Ramon Berenguer II calls for Imperial Elections. He seeks support from his Brother-in-Law Xabier and his Uncle (by Law) Peter I of Aragon.
  • Norway: The Kingdom enjoys a period of economic and population growth. Now that the scottish war is over things are also more stable.   Whaling and hunting towns are being formed in the far north. People are sent through the cold to build a fort at OTL Murmansk. (Mod Response needed) Magnus turns west, towards Iceland. He sends an ambassador to the local chieftains with a covenant. The Icelanders were to pay taxes to Norway and become Norway’s vassals but the Island would have a high amount of Autonomy and they will be able to keep their system of Althing. The chiefs would also be able to keep their local power. As well as this, Norway will support Iceland with timber, livestock and old ships. (Mod Response) Magnus hears word of a land west of Iceland, a frigid land that is ironically, called Greenland. Using the aid of Icelandic navigators, some of his ambassadors try to locate it, but to no avail.
    • The expedition is only able to get as far as Sortland, where they build a fort
    • Iceland accepts this arrangement with Norway for the time being
  • County of Sicily: The first Norman raids on Muslim shipping to Africa are extremely successful as Norman pirates bring back captured ships loaded with various goods and commercial items. With Muslim power in North Africa and the Mediterranean relatively weak, Norman pirates are able to plunder Islamic trade routes at will. As the first successful pirates return, many other Norman warriors, either bored or seeking wealth, begin to commence their own attacks. Roger allows these attacks to continue as each ship pays a percentage of its captured booty to the Count as tribute. Some Norman pirates, not content with simply seizing Muslim merchant ships, begin to launch raids on North African settlements. Following in the steps of their viking ancestors, Norman pirates begin sacking scattered coastal settlements and villages, mainly around the Cape Bon area in North Africa. Norman raiders capture crops, goods, and slaves from the relatively bountiful region before returning to sell their wares in Sicily. The arrival of hundreds of Jewish immigrants to Sicily creates a new community on the island. With many Jews skilled at craftsmanship or commerce, Roger hopes that their arrival will contribute to the island’s economic recovery. Roger’s policies of light taxes and subsidizing reconstruction of Sicily’s infrastructure and populated areas aids the recovery of the economy, which continues to slowly rebuild from the chaos of the Norman conquest.
  • Alania: On the boarder of our nation we continue to build forts to protect our lands. By the forts small villages increase in population with people moving from the capital of Maghas to the smaller villages. Our skilled workers continue to build more roads to connect us to other nations and trade routs. Within our capital we still are expanding the city by continue to build infrastructure that expands the metro city. Many of our merchants trade goods that are obtained from the middle east and trade them to the Rus for their items of trade. Nomadic pastoral grazers, graze the territory we own with their domesticated animals to help the aniamls be familiar to the lands they are using. The nomadic pastoral grazers are semi skilled in fighting and weapon use, so while doing their job with their domesticated animals they also protect our boarders from invasions too. We also have professional trained troops on our boarders so we can keep our nation safe. Lots of outposts are continuing their construction along our boarders. A giant look out tower/clock continues its construction in the capital city. The king wants more bigger structures to be built so that people can see from higher distances and then see farther way. The construction of the biggest church in the region continues its construction place. David decides to continues construct a large university called David university so he can educate the youth of the nation with wonderful science, math, history, music, art, and literature. General Simon Kashibadze takes the troops and pushes more into Durdzuketia after the first push into the nation. (Algo needed) We manage to push past the border of the Durdzuks while taking heavy casualties, the Durdzuk mountaineers manage to safely withdraw with only light casualties. Outsiders call our king by the name Georgi the Craven becuase they see him as that way during these times. Circassian tribes grow very tired from us expanding so rapitly that they raid the capital city of Maghas. The people of Georgia start having a mixed tensions between us and them becuase over the the Alan invasion of the Durdzuk a Georgian Vassal puts a strain on the administrative capacity of the Alans.
  • Kievan Rus: A lavish ceremony takes place for the marriage of Rogvolod Monomakh of Kiev, and Anna Komene of Constnatinople once more tying the two great nations together. After the festivities Monomakh at the head of 25,000 men (18,000 Cumans and Oghuz, 5,000 Voyi riders, and 2,000 Druzhina riders) He and his forces make way to meet up with the Greeks and Latins of Bohemod in Northern Anatolia. Demyan Ivanovich leads 14,000 of his men to take command of the forces at Aleppo to turn back the Saracen host, before leaving however his new wife Beatrice of CIlicia becomes pregnant. Following the successful defense of Aleppo Demyan Ivanovich leads his 14,000 men to strike against Edessa to further drive back the Saracens and to liberate more lands of the Armenians for Prince Constantin of Cilicia taking advantage of the chaos with the lands of the Seljuks. He asks the latins under Baldwin of Hainault to aid him in this endevour (Crusader/Papal Response/Algo Needed).Furthermore Demyan Ivanovich sends out some agents to incite the Armenians and other Eastern Christians in the region to revolt, with the Arrival of King Vladimir II Monomakh of the Rus in Northern Anatolia (Mod Response).
    • Baldwin of Hainuit will send 16,000 troops to support the Rus
    • The Armenians in the city of Edessa do not openly revolt but will secretly subvert the city from the inside, leaking information and opening the gates
  • Kingdom of Hungary: With the situation in Croatia deemed a success and Duklja falling into collapse politically, King Coloman would take his host of 20,000 men (9,000 Infantry, 5,500 Varjobaggy, 2,500 Archers, and 3,000 Black Horses) and lead an attack on the forces of my brother, Almos Arpad who is a pretender. It would be declared that all of Almos's titles and his line of succession is hereby terminated by decree of King Coloman. Almos is declared a traitor and all who harbor him are enemies of the State. With this, Coloman's host will advance to the forces of Almos and lead an attack. Resulting in the Battle of Szarvas where the 20,000 host of Coloman will face off against Almos's 10,000. A pincer maneuver will be attempted with our black horses on the flanks to break them in cavalry charge followed by a frontal attack when Almos's lines begin to collapse...resulting in an assured Hungarian victory. Addition following Battle of Szarvas: With Coloman's victory at Szarvas and capture of the rebellious Almos. He will stand trial for treason and claiming the throne and violation of treaty. He will be found guilty of all charges and put to death as soon as possible by chopping of the head. All his estates, titles, and wealth will be inherited by King Coloman and reincorporated into the Crown lands of Hungary. Meanwhile, Coloman will order for the slow disbanding of his levies, sending them back home as he financially recovers. Consolidating his domains in Croatia and the newly recaptured Duchy from Almos. Coloman will parade with his retinue in both areas, maintaining his Royal Authority and bestowing minor gifts upon loyal nobles who bend the knee to him or show signs of benevolence and chivalry. Coloman shall attempt to maintain friendly and cordial relations with his nobility, promising them glory and an upholding of all promises.

1099

With the fall of Edessa and the truce signed between Iberia and Muslim Spain, the First Crusade is officially complete. The new Latin and Armenian states in the Near East will still remain sporadically in conflict against the Muslims for the foreseeable future. However, after this point the vast majority of Crusader military withdraws back to their home nations, hailed as heros of Christendom.

Dobroslav Bodin breaks off from Duklja as Duke of Damaltia, which extends into some Serbian territory as well, while the Duklja kingdom has fallen into civil war. He submits peacefully to Coloman as a direct vassal under the terms of Pope Urban II.

The Khalilid dynasty fully unifies all of Egypt, creating a Sunni Beber Sultanate. The new dynasty suppresses the Shia minorities of the nation as well as Turkic influences from the collapsing Seljuks.

The followers of Al-Jafari go underground withdrawing to the Red Sea Coast where many of them join the ranks of the pirates under the employment of the Ismaili Zurayid dynasty in Yemen.

Emperor Daozong of Liao sends an embassy asking for the Kingdom of Goryeo to restore their annual tribute, since they have rejected the Song as their emperor. The Emperor Huizong of Song condemns Goryeo's treason, but doesn't react to it at this time

In Japan, the statesman and Buddhist monk Fujiwara no Moromichi suddenly dies of boils, after being cursed by a Shinto ritualist.

  • House Barcelona: Rei Ramon Berenguer II sets about stabilizing his unstable realm. After gaining control over the Kingdom of Valencia he seeks Papal dispensation to declare himself King. (Papal Response) He grants non-noble crusader volunteers tracts of land as his Sagramentals, and distributes noble titles for the many cities and towns in the conquered regions to those of noble lineage. With his forces pleased, he sets about addressing the economic damage of the war. He tasks his fleets to the commercial market, letting each captain take a percentage of the wealth. He approaches Orzocorre I of Arborea with a plan to rebuild the recently abandoned city of Tharros as a Catalan trading colony. (Mod Response) The hope is to establish a network of such colonies across the western mediterranean to facilitate greater access to local goods for sale to the markets of Europe. With some small revenue from trade coming in, and the return of many to the fields, the economy begins to recover by autumn. Prices of bread and wine begin to fall to within 10% of their normal levels, and while there are still shortages of some goods, famine is avoided. To stimulate growth, Ramon drops the duties imposed on goods transported between his realms in Provence and Iberia. This move causes a surge in trade as Provencal and Catalan merchants quickly take advantage of the relative price disparities to sell Provencal goods in Catalonia.
  • Kingdom of Jerusalem: Robert was disappointed that he did not contribute much to the Fall of Damascus as he had been futilely chasing a Bedouin army, and it had been Baldwin of Boulogne who had been the one to defeat them without any help from Robert. However Robert has the right to nominate any ruler of a Crusader state. He nominates Gervase of Bazoches to be the Duke of Damascus. Gervase of Bazoches had fought in Robert Curthose's army until the latter's death in the 1096 Siege of Damascus, and then on still played a major role in the continuing Crusade and in the previous' years siege. Robert goes back home, hearing the news of a dynasty uniting all of Egypt and wanting to be there to protect Jerusalem in the event of an attack. but before he is to reach Jerusalem, he decides to subjugate Oultrejordain. Only tribes reside there, and military forces withdrew from there during the very beginning of the Crusade. With his 4000 men he launches an assault on the city of Characmoba, also known as Kerak, (Algo request) while sending letters and messengers to the leading tribesmen of the area to submit to him, as they are chanceless against his forces (mod response if they respond). In the absence of the King, Patriarch Arnulf, Viceroy and Custodian of the Holy Sepulchre Fulcher of Chartres, and Seneschal Richard of Salerno organise the affairs of the Kingdom. The court grows and courtiers come, public servants and taxmen are appointed. The Seneschal writes to the King of England inquiring about a possible marriage between his daughter, Eadgyth, and King Robert (English reponse). While in Oultrejordain, Robert thinks about creating a military order, the Crusade may be over but the mission to defend the Holy Land is not. However such matters he will decide on once he finally passes through the gates of Jerusalem again.
  • Papal States: While the conflict known historically as the "First Crusade" was now completed, in the view of Pope Urban II this was only just the beginning. The peasant army of Peter the Hermit returned joyfully back to their home nations, now blessed by the resident priests to receive their full indulgences. Peter himself remained in the city of Jerusalem to work as a prelate under Patriarch Arnulf. Many of the princes, now sworn to a new life as Crusader Knights, remained in the Holy Land to constitute the regular military for the Crusader states, numbering a total of 24,000 troops evenly distributed across the states in the Levant. Pope Urban sends a letter of congratulations to the military leaders in the Crusade, as well as King Robert Scalio and Patriarch Arnulf, for a successful campaign, but urges that the greater struggle against the Saracens is not complete. Pop Urban's next objective is an attempt to bring further reconciliation and closer ties with the Byzantine Empire, and their relationship with the Italo-Normans. Pope Urban II calls a Council in Bari for clerics across the Norman realms and the Byzantine Empire, to standardize their liturgy and church organization with the rest of Europe, and request the Byzantines to dispense with the Filolique heresy and return to loyalty to Rome (Apulia, Sicily, and Mod Response). The Cathedral in Modena is completed at this point, and dedicated by Cardinal Rainer on his way to visit Florence and Countess Mathilda. Pope Urban is delighted to hear about the Fall of Edessa, and insists that the city should be placed under a Latin dispensation, and its ruler appointed by the King of Jerusalem. He awaits a response from the people involved (Jerusalem and Kiev response). Cardinal Rainer handled the affairs of the Church in Rome for the last few weeks before the Blessed Pope Urban died in August. As Cardinal Rainer saw Urban's body laid to rest in the Lateran Palace, he caught sight of a beautiful woman walking off towards the Basilica of Saint Peter. A new Conclave is held to elect the new Pope. Cardinal Rainer reaches out to King Ramon II, and congratulates the successes in eastern Spain conducted by his father, which is awarded by indulgences for both him and the troops under his command. The city of Tharros, which is under a Papal Fief, is granted to the Catalan company for their merchant purposes. A recognition of Ramon as Emperor of Iberia will have to wait until the Conclave is completed (Barcelona response).
    • Jerusalem: The King sends word that Demyan Ivanovich be appointed as Count of Edessa. He also sends condolences upon the passing of the Pope. Without the Pope's action and leadership Jerusalem and the Holy Land would have still been under the domain of the enemy.
    • Ramon II agrees and thanks Cardinal Rainer and sends a dedication for Pope Urban II, now passed, in memory of his enduring support for Christendom.
    • Demyan Ivanovich weighing his options agrees to pay nominal homage to Jerusalem and remain in communion with the Rome, he takes the title of Voivode of Edessa. However he decides to protect the local preachers seeing their utility in gaining support among the local Christians.
    • Sicily response: The Archbishop of Palermo, along with the Bishops of Syracuse and Messina, will attend the Council of Bari.
  • Norway: The men fighting in Spain and Asia minor return back home, heralded as heroes of Christianity. Back home, the population is growing healthily. Magnus barefoot sends ambassadors to locate greenland, and with Icelandic navigators, they arrive at the small settlements. The ambassadors give a covenant: The greenlanders will be able to keep their autonomy, but they must swear fealty to the Norwegian king. In return, Norway will support the struggling settlements with timber, ships, animals, grain, coal and men to combat the skraleings they speak of. (Mod Response)
    • The Lawspeaker of Greenland in succession from Lief Ericcson accepts Norway as their overlord
  • County of Sicily: With the Iberian Crusade over, the 20 ships sent to aid Roger’s Christian allies in the West return to Sicily. Having primarily been used for raids and looting, the ships return carrying much loot and plunder, presenting the captured goods and slaves to the Count in a grand display. While Roger distributes much of the captured bounty to the ship captains and their crews, the percentage he keeps as a tribute helps to ease the financial strain caused by his policies of low taxes and subsidized reconstruction. Nonetheless, the policies prove to be a success at rebuilding Sicily’s economy, as farms begin to boast plentiful yields and urban centers begin to see a population increase along with a revived mercantile community. Across Sicily farmers collect bountiful harvests for sale in Sicily’s urban communities. In Sicily’s port cities, merchants from across the Mediterranean dock and engage in commerce with the island’s natives, trading goods and wares from all corners of the known world. In the urban centers of Sicily Muslims, Greeks, Normans, Franks and now Jews engage in relatively harmonious commerce, creating a multicultural community unique to the island. The arrival of skilled Jewish craftsmen lead to an upswing in craftsmanship and the creation of a new sector of the economy based on craftsmen. With the island’s economy making a comeback, Roger is able to rely less on piracy for a source of income. Nonetheless, the Normans’ warlike culture combined with boredom and a desire for more wealth prompt the pirate raids on Muslim shipping to continue. However this year many Norman pirates switch to launching raids on North Africa’s coastal settlements, striking Muslim port cities and settlements throughout Tunisia. With Muslim power in North Africa weakened by the exhaustive Iberian Crusade in the West and the First Crusade rampaging in the East, the Norman raiders face little organized resistance and are able to plunder Tunisia at will. Roger does not stop these raids and in fact encourages them, allowing pirates to use his ports to strike North Africa and Muslim shipping to North Africa so long as they pay a percentage of their captured loot to him. With piracy becoming an increasingly lucrative form of income, pirates from other regions of the Mediterraneans begin coming to Sicily to partake in the plunder of Muslim North Africa. Frankish and Lombard pirates along with Normans from Greece begin to arrive in Sicily’s ports, seeking to make their fortune in raiding North Africa’s settlements. Roger allows them to use the island as a base for piracy so long as they pay a percentage of their captured loot to him as tribute.
  • Kingdom of SWeden: The king continues his polycies on Åland with extra funding,bulding roads connecting the many smaller settlements to the capital of Kristinehamn with eachother. Schools and churches are erected as more and more people start arriving to the fledgeling island. The people here begin to create a unique version of swedish,later dubbed Åländska. With the port of Åland bing built in Kristinehamn,the king decides to send a expedition to Finland. There the expedition establishes the town of Åbo(Otl Åbo). AFter reciving the news of the sucess of the expedtion,the king awards Åbo,Hautskär and Korpu to the newly created province of Sigismundland. Thereby continuing the policy of naming new regions after the incumbent monarch. At home the king continues his policy of supporting the cities with new roads and churches. He is also the first king of Sweden to visit and pray at the royal church in Stockholm. Moreover the queen gives birth to a son who they name Johannes Sigismund.
  • Kievan Rus: King Vladimir II Monomakh makes his landing in the Greek port of Amisos to meet up with Bohemod and his Normans. The Rus King decides to continue fomenting the flames of Rebellion in Armenia seeing an opportunity to create an ally out of the hardy Christian warriors of the Lower Caucasus region. To this end he dispatches agents via Trebizond to make contact with the Armenian lords of Armenia Minor, and Greater Armenia, Cappadocia to begin trying to incite them to revolt their Muslim overlords (Mod Response). From there Monomakh places half of his forces under the command of Bohemod due to his experience campaigning in the region. Bohemod of Taranto leading 2,000 Western knights, 9,000 Steppe Nomads (Oghuz and Cuman), and 8,000 Crusader Peasants (Norman and Rus) supported by Rus Sappers. The Russo-Norman Army advance cautiously towards Amaseia along the Iris River with the Cumans screening the advancing army carrying out hit and run tactics on any Seljuk forces that might come to contest the advance of Bohemod's Army, This is a ploy however to lure the Seljuks into open battle, meanwhile Monomakh and his son lead a second more mobile forces made up of 6,000 Voyi (light Cavalry), 3,000 Druzhina (Heavy Cavalry), and 9,000 Steppe Nomads (Cumans, Oghuz) shadowing Bohemod's Army taking advantage of the hills to cover their movement. Once the Seljuks have engaged Bohemod and his forces, the Rus will assail the enemy to encircle and destroy them (Algo Needed.) Princess Beatrice of Cilicia gives birth to a son who Demyan names Vuk , while his mother calls him Gurgen (wolf in slavic, armenian respectively) of House Ivanovich. Demyna begins organizing the administration of his new fief while he begins to mutster forces to assist his former liege Monomakh. He levies 2,000 new Armenians to act as levies mainly armed with bows.
    • The Armenians cautiously organize a resistence against the Seljuks only in the promise of the Rus assistance
  • Goryeo Dynasty: The Mint bureau established under Budhist monk Uicheon continues to work on setting up the national mint. His first troubles setting the mint up is getting enough bronze and making the nobles of Goryeo accept this economic reform. The nobles aposing it as it could centralise the economy and thus do away with their own economic and political standing. Mainwhile Uicheon is defending coinage as part of the Goryeo economy as it would make it easier to do trade and for wages and saleries for soldiers and other government officials. Uicheon having these points of views after having visiting the Song Dynasty and seeing their monetary stystem of the Song and knowing that this could increase prosperity and allow for better and more precise investment into bureacracy and health of Goryeo. This could also help trade with foreign nations as coins do not perish like Rice or grains, which for longer distance trade is very benificial. The need for an even more efficient economy and taxation being even more rampant now with dangers getting closer to Goryeo, as both the Liao and the song are turning hostille to Goryeo. Sukjong being in a difficult spot, decides that he must expand foreign relations outside of the Liao and the song. Thus Sukjong and sends an envoy of 200 bureaucrats, merchants, nobles to the Great Wa and their Emperor Horikawa. This envoy being send to establish relations with the Great Wa, and to encourage trade and help for anti piracy measures against Jurchin pirates. Thus the envoys offer to hand in any East sea pirates and criminals that have done damage to their Great Wa State, while also promising to protect Wa traders inside Goryeo (Mod response). The envoys sending some gifts such as a small Budha statue, silks and ricewines to Emperor Horikawa. After a couple of weeks the response of the Wa court reaches emperor Sukjong, there will be a mutual fight against piracy for both nationss. Sukjong being happy that the Wa are able to help against pirates, as piracy seems to increase all over the eastern sea. Sukjong desiring peace on the seas an end to piracy for the whole of Wa archipelago and the lands of the Goryeans. Seeing an envoy arive from the Liao dynasty, Sukjong asks Emperor Daozong for a few more years before restarting any tribute, noting the the fragile nature of the Goryean economy due to the needed bureacracy and the piracy that's plaguing the eastern Goryeo coast. Sukjong telling the envoy that, it will take a couple years to set up effective anti piracy measures. This being due to the lack of navy and naval fortresses, which make it hard to prevent pirates from raiding Goryeo. The gap between local irregular troops being so big as to being like window without glass (mod Response). (Start secret) Sukjong also decided fearing war that Goryeo and millitary should begin to prepare for war once more. Sukjong thus tasks Yun Gwan to assemble 10.000 soldiers under the notion that they're preparing for a big festival and parade for the emperor. The location for the parade being the city of Ryeongju a city on the chongchon river, there is as to help the claim planned a small festival and archery compentition. This all so 10.000 archers and ireggulars can be recruited over the of 3 years, this speed being on purpose as not to allarm the Liao and the Song. while this all is done Yun gwan also sends 2.000 of the 4.000 western island forces to the northern Goryeo Jangseong wall to strengthen the wall and her infrastructure (end Secret)
    • On behalf of the Emperor Horikawa, the Prime Minister Fujiwara no Morozane accepts the agreement with Goryeo
  • Order of the Holy Sepulchre: Since the establishment of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, the Order of the Holy Sepulchre was created with the objective of taking care of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. The order is formed by two branchs: a religious and a militar. The religious is called the Canons Regular of the Holy Sepulchre and is formed by canons regular that follows the Rule of Saint Augustine. The Canons are responsible for taking care of the organization of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and also of doing religious services in the Church. The military branch of the Order is called Milites Sancti Sepulcri. The Milites is responsible for the defense of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, of the canons and of Jerusalem itself. The leadership of the Order is formed by Fulcher of Chartres, as the Custodian of the Holy Sepulchre, and by Arnulf of Chocques, the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem and Grand Prior of the Order. While the Custodian is responsible for the organization of the Milites Sancti Sepulcri, the Grand Prior is the leader of the canon regulars. The Christian victory in Edessa is celebrated by the Order with a mass at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre made by Patriarch Arnulf of Chocques. With news of the death of Pope Urban II arriving on Jerusalem, the pontiff is mourned by the Order with a mass for his soul. Patriarch Arnulf of Chocques starts to organize the celebration of religious feasts and holy days in the Kingdom. For the Holy Week, the Patriarch establishes a procession through the Via Dolorosa in the Old City of Jerusalem, starting at the former Antonia Fortress and ending at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Also under the supervision of Patriarch Arnulf, the Feast of the Cross becomes a two-day festival. In the first day a procession is made with the relic of the True Cross being carried by the Patriarch across the Holy City of Jerusalem. In the second day the relic of the True Cross is brought outside of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre so that the clergy and faithful could pray before it, and all could come forward to venerate the relic.
  • Kingdom of England: Now is the 1st full year of the reign of King Godwin "Scyling" of England and Denmark. He is the second member of House Godwin to hold England and the first to hold Denmark. He has many siblings: Edmund, who is married to Margaret of Wessex and is unlanded; Magnus, Marklord of Wales, who is married to Gwenlian ferch Bleddyn thus forming an alliance with Gwynedd; Gytha, who is married to Alan mab Konan de Rennes; Gunhild, who is married to Lǫgmaðr Guðrøðarson, Harold, Earl of Northumbria (1066 and married to Anna of Durham) and Ulf, who is unwed (1067). Godwin is married to Princess Sigrid Svendsdatter of Denmark and has sired many children through her: Edwin, Aetheling of Denmark and England (b. 1070), who is wed to Margrethe Skjalmsdatter Hvide; Wulfstan (1072), Earl of East Anglia, who is unwed; Eadgyth (1075), who is unwed. Godwin travels to Rome with his daughter Eadgyth, the Archbishop of Canterbury, and a few of his father's thanes. There, he visits the Pope, hoping to purchase indulgences for past sins and affirm his loyalty to the Pope. He also sends a delegation to Jerusalem to discuss the terms of marriage of Eadgyth to Robert Scalio. To help protect the Holy Land, England requests a port in Tyre, where Godwin intends to build extensive fortresses. He contracts a number of English, Norman, and Italian architects and builders who would put this idea into place. This fortress will not only allow Jerusalem to maintain a powerful sea presence, it will be an incredibly difficult fort to attack from the land. Should the Crusaders ever need a point on which to fall back, they will soon have it at Tyre. This fortress will also allow those who hold it to maintain firm control over the ancient trade-based city. ‘’’The fortress and port is named Sanctus Erasmus in honor of St. Erasmus of Formia. Though St. Edmund the Martyr is the patron saint of England, a number of seafaring Englishmen have taken to revering Erasmus (known as Aylmer to the English of the time and as St. Elmo to Italians) and looking to the patron saint of sailors. Though he will not be the patron saint of England for some time, iconography of St. Erasmus becomes very prevalent in seafaring towns. Being an island nation, there are a lot of seafaring towns in England. While Godwin is away, Edwin rules in his stead, as he has many times before. The young Aetheling has proven himself to be a capable statesman and, when the time comes, a fierce military leader. He commands the respect of loyal Danes and the fear of those who would dare waggle a sword at the Godwins. Edwin has a son named Æthelstan this year. Across the North Sea, Wulfstan attempts to steer a temporarily directionless ship. Unlike Edwin, Wulfstan does not command the same gravitas and charisma. With Godwin away in Italy for most of the year and Edwin reigning in Denmark, the fratricidal viper's nest known as Medieval English politics again begins to churn, and it is hungry for blood. The Witan, which has meet usually once a year, has not met since the death of Harold II. This important meeting, typically held to advise the king, is also useful in quelling misunderstandings. Without it, problems metastisize, as they begin to do so with the sons of Morcar of Mercia. The realm was divided three ways since the death of the Mercian king, and his children are hungry for power. Eldest Son Osbeorn Morcarson holds the northern stretches of the border realm between England and Wales. During this time, he marries his daughter to Carl Magnusson, forming an alliance with Magnus Haroldson. He offers to fund an expedition against Deheubarth, the primary instigator behind many raids against the Marklands of Wales. He hopes to place Mercians in new castles and burhs built in Mercia and pit them against his brother to the south, Hereward. Magnus travels to London to ask for support from Wulfstan, who approves the war against Deheubarth. In April, 5,000 men enter the Welsh state, quickly establishing fortifications at Swansea before rushing forward to Dyfed. Unoccupied fortifications, most of which are earthen or wooden, are destroyed. (Algo received) The scorched-earth tactic is brutally effective and denies any guerilla fighters a means of resisting English occupation. A number of marches are delegated to the thanes and housecarls that fought well in the battles. Most notably, Sæwine Melling is given the title Sheriff of Penfro (Pembroke) and begins construction of a castle. Magnus Haroldson exerts his authority over these new marklords and sheriffs. Fighting continues into the late fall, but by the end of the year, most warriors in Dyfed have surrendered or died. This power play by Magnus Haroldson goes unchecked, and his efficiency is praised by Wulfstan and, when Godwin hears of the news, the king himself is impressed.
    • Jerusalem: The Seneschal receives the delegation, and sends a message from Robert that he agrees to the idea, a fort in Tyre will be a great asset and he thanks King Godwin.
    • Papacy: Cardinal Rainer accepts the English support to defend the Holy Land and donate to the Vatican, as many nations have done before. He personally confides with the Archbishop and Thomas of Baeux the future needs of the Church to enforce the Gregorian reforms in the British isles, and secure investiture for the Church in Rome
  • Alania: Durdzuketia expels the Alans back across the border, using their mountain castles for advantage in their big attack. General Simon Kashibadze retreats the army back to the capital Maghas. When Simon gets back to Maghas, King Giorgi is informed of the big loss of troops from the war. King Giorgi gets a special letter from the Kievan Rus that they are requesting help against the Armenia. The military sends 6k troops ready to help their ally in this war. (Algo needed) In a trade off, we give some of our people to the Kievan Rus in exchange for some of their people. David's wife Sofia gives birth to a son this year named Kote. Our nation continues to centralize the nation by the continuation of building roads all over the lands so we can unify all the small villages and towns together from the capital city to other nations too. Due to the Ossetian language being the most popular way of communicating in our nation the Ossetian language becomes the offical language of our nation. With our massive trade markets and being a middle man between the Seljuks and the Kievan Rus our tourism and trading increases rapitly as more and more people travel into our nation. More taverns and hotels pop up in our cities due to the fact more people are coming to our nation for this trade and tourism boom going on right now. The economy is soaring high from the fact that our trade and tourism is at an all time record high even though we lost a bunch of money and troop from our recent war that ended and the new war we are sending troops for. Since a lot of foreigners are coming to our nation our own population has increased as well since people are marrying outsiders and creating new families together.
  • French Kingdom: King Philip moved to further strengthen his grip on the Île-de-France and Orléans regions of France through a series of royal decrees and new officials. In areas of direct royal authority or direct vasalage the King reimposed or newly decreed his sole authority to appoint judges and marshals to enforce the royal and local laws, the decree allows local cities and towns to maintain their own distinct legal codes as long as they don't contradict royal decrees. Additionally the King forbids the construction of new forts in the afformentioned areas plus in the Duchy or Normandy unless given royal approval. (Mod needed) Philip also moved to found the Capetian Royal Army, Armée royale capétienne, by establishing a standing force of 100 knights called from the nobility of France to serve as the personal guard of the King as well as to seek a permanent contract with a mercenary force of pikemen to serve as royal enforcers in Paris. Finally, the King establishes the practice of Intendants who are peronally appointed by the King to servey royal holdings with the charge to adminster them if not found satisfactory. For 1099 the King appoints seven to begin the process.
  • Almoravids: With the conclusion of the jihad to secure the independence of Al-Andalus, the Almoravid Dynasty moves forward with their plans of reconstruction and preservation. The battered navy of the empire leaves into question what can be done to improve its position. Producing a larger quantity of ships of course would support efforts to secure the nation's waters. The issue though lies in the quality where they had been persistently exhausted. This leads to the projects to erect an advanced network of workshops at Algeciras. This would not only help stimulate the economy of the region but also ensure a secure position for a growing naval and military presence in the region. Said al-Can, the former lord of Valencia would have oversight of the development. General Syr would be tasked with overseeing the future naval organization. With the empire now able to focus on its internal condition, historically rebellious tribes of the empire would be relocated in the Andalusian frontier. The berber tribes skills of farming would be met well in the flat Plains of Al-Andalus. The men that had come so far to support the jihad against the Christians were given the opportunity to settle in the Emirate of Toledo specifically in the recently reconsidered provinces of Salamanca and Zamora. The Emir of Toledo, Omar Al-Rasheed I, given the economic situation of Toledo as well as the penalty imposed by the Treaty of Caudete is granted the opportunity to join the Almoravids directly. Their family had shown their utmost loyalty to the Sultan as well as led armies bravely even if it came at a cost, victory was achieved. As a result if they agree, they would be granted the privilege of maintaining governance of their estate as well as gain a high seat in the court as one of the Dynasty's close advisors. In addition, this would prevent further siphoning of the lands wealth from those who antagonize andalusia (Mod Response). The fallout of the crusade in the Levant leaves Yusuf with remorse for his brothers across the Mediterranean now facing the subjugation of what he sees as infidels. Understanding the displacement of thousands of people, Yusuf openly accepts any refugees and scholars from the Levant into the nation (Mod Request). Meanwhile the Scholars Expedition sent out years prior returns from Baghdad with a collection of literature and more to be placed in the library of Cordoba given that it would be more secure than the city of Toledo though more copies are likely to be written. A part of the empire that had been neglected was Ghana. Facing some internal strife, laws of self-governance as well as representation are granted to nobility and local representatives. This would allow for more trust of governance in the region while the military that had been absent in the region would once again return. As another area of increasing interest to help exchange goods abroad, the port of Nouakchott, which had since primarily been a region for fishing, would begin to see development of a port of trade from the Ghana region to the Mediterranean. Deeper within the region, the small town of Timbuktu would begin to have a noticeable amount of productivity and trade increase. As a result, some Berber Merchants begin to take interest.
    • Toledo joins the Almoravids directly
    • Many scholars from Damascus and Aleppo move to Seville
    • Ramon Berenguer II and the other Iberian Kings will remember that.
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