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1410

Pope Alexander V dies. A new conclave is held to elect a new Pope.

In Bohemia, the Archbishop of Prague orders that all books of Wycliffe and the extremist Lollards are to be confiscated, as deemed heretical. Jan Hus and some other professors at the university refuse to comply, and are promptly excommunicated. In England, John Badby is burned at the stake when he denied the doctrine of Transubstantiation, which was not supported in the Council of York.

King Francis III of Spain succeeds his grandfather after Prince Orlando died, leaving the Crown of Spain to a minor. A regency Council of Toledo is held to keep the power of Spain balenced until the King reaches majority, during which time a Lord Protector should be named.

With the unexpected death of Eric of Pomerania, the civil war in Scandinavia accepts to crown Valdemar I, II, and V the new ruler of the Örebro Union. Queen Margaret of Scotland becomes regent in his minority.

The Xingu Confederacy fully subjugates the Kaiabi people, and celebrate their victory with ritual cannibalism.

Elsewhere in South America, the Sapa Inca of Cusco named Inca Roca dies, causing instability not only in the Kingdom of Cusco but their neighboring states as well. His son Viracocha manages to subjugate the tribal kingdoms to the north, securing passage of Cusco to OTL Ecuador. Being hailed as a hero, the Chimuese people names Viracocha as ruler of Chan-Chan, giving him effective control over both Cusco and Chimu at the same time.

In Mesoamerica, the Mayan Empire launches an attack against Xicallanco, a major city of Xaroyaca. The Mexican Emperor Iuhua quickly raises a massive army of his vassals in an attempt to retake the city.

An automated astronomical clock is constructed by Jan Sindel in Prague.

The Black Sheep Turkmans have remained semi-nomadic since their service in the military of Timur, and now roam free in Western Iran. They have since crossed the border into southern Georgia, and have settled in a region centered at the city of Tabriz, while fighting ongoing conflicts against local Azeri people and the other Timurid breakway states.​​​​​​

  • The Iroquois Confederacy: We do more baby making. We are keeping make a primitive rune/pictograph writing system which is being improved over time. We start to hunt and move around about nation more. We also start to farm corn, squash and more. We start to sell furs and beads to other tribes. We make more worshiping places around our nations. We start to have more oral and cultural exchanges with each other. We start to trap animals for fur. We start to make a lot of weapons for the future. We build more longhouses around the nation, peace for now is declared in a state of security for the expansive territories of each tribe. We start to train in canoe warfare and keep making giant war canoes. This also develops major cultural connections within the Five Tribes. We also pass down many stories. We have many births during this time. This is the region of Hiawatha.
  • Georgia (short): Bagrat V agrees to marry off Anastasios II to Theodora. Meanwhile, he grants many of the Black Turkomans noble status and gives them lands across the Georgian realm. Bagrat V stops sending tribute to Rustam Mirza's court, though he doesn't declare himself free of vassalage. Bagrat V continues fortifying Tabriz and Ardebil, and building a system of roads.
  • Iceland: The King sends many more grants to Greenland, along with 30 militia troops to act as a police force. The Crown Prince Andrés Heinrich is taught by the greatest Icelandic Minds. The extra 1,000 troops recently acquired last year are sent to support Swiss in their War. Using horticultural glass provided by the Irish and Scottish glass houses are constructed in the eastern settlement of Greenland to grow carrots, broccoli and beetroot which should shelter them from the frost and allow them to grow while a barrier of infant trees is placed around the settlement to grow in size and shield the settlements from winds. Labourers travel over on constructed Oighear's in the summer to build new additional earth insulated barns and housing for animals and people. The amount of cattle is increased while clover is introduced as a crop being grown to be used as winter fodder for the cattle. The amount of water and ice fishing is increased using supplies from Scotland and Ireland. The change to increase fish and meat as well as eat foods which grow better in cold conditions should help keep the population of the eastern settlement fed.
  • Roman Empire: The Hungarian offer is accepted with little protest, Regent Manuel insists on preserving Dobruja as a political entity separate from Bulgaria, both otherwise the proposal is more than acceptable. With Wallachia under attack by Hungary and Dobruja suffering from raiders, a blockade, and war with its greatest trade partner, Regent Manuel is confident in his ability to end the war swiftly. The decisive victory at the Battle of Burgas allows Manuel to march swiftly north to lay siege to Varna (Algo Please). Though initially just a conflict over a dynastic dispute, the war has shifted in the mind of Manuel into more of a hegemonic struggle to assert Roman hegemony on the Black Sea coast. With Varna now laid to siege Manuel departs by sea, travelling to Constantinople to ensure the smooth operation of the empire and to greet a delegation of Latin and Greek-speaking men from Ethiopia. The Ethiopian Delegation is received by Manuel who speaks with them at great length. He is particularly interested to confirm that these people are the same as those recorded in ancient records of the empire’s interactions with Africans south of Egypt. He offers them accommodations and access to the Pandidakterion’s less militaristic branches, while also sending them on a tour of the empire at his own personal expense. When the time comes to depart he offers them books of Roman history and law, ancient philosophy, and art. Additionally, their ship is loaded with various goods and products produced in the empire as examples for the Ethiopian Emperor. A small Roman delegation is sent to accompany the party home, creating maps and establishing contacts along the way. The empire’s dependency on grain imports from Dobruja and Wallachia proves challenging with the two nations up in arms. Emergency stores of grain are released, and more of the life-sustaining foodstuff is purchased from Egypt and abroad. Grain from Poland-Lithuania supplies much of the deficit, supporting a growing Greek merchant community in Moldova near the mouth of the Danube. With the economic costs of the war largely absorbed by the empire, the merchant class experiences little hardship and does well despite the fighting. Though production is lower due to the lack of laborers, products are carried from Georgia out to the Mediterranean at great profit. Trade through Taurica continues to expand and Greco-Gothic presence in the peninsula expands inward. The large tracts of de-populated land in the central zone of the region receive high in-migration from the coasts as the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th sons of Taurician-based merchants seek substantial plots of land for their commercial and agricultural exploits. The same can be said for much of Imperial Anatolia, particularly those regions recently devastated by Timur. The spread of educated, wealthy sons across the empire brings with a new burst of learning, trade, and entrepreneurialism, accelerating the spread of commercial ideas and the growth of a middle class.
  • Papal States: With the death of Pope Alexander V, his Fisherman's ring is broken by Cardinal-Secretary Pedro Martínez de Luna. The deceased pontiff is buried at the Basilica of Saint Peter after a mass is celebrated for his soul. Due to the request of Bishop Gilbert Greenlaw, a commission is sent to investigate the miracle attributed to the intercession of Servant of God Owain Lawgoch. After a reunion of the Roman curia, Cardinal de Luna writes to the Archbishop of Prague and the King of Bohemia saying that Jan Hus is now under protection of the Holy See. The protection will remain until the end of the Conclave, when the next pope will decide Hus' fate. Those that try to kill Hus before the Church comes to a veredict about his theology will be excommunicated. Another letter is sent to Jan Hus asking him to sent copies of his theological ideas. These works will be annalyzed by theologians in Rome and the conclusions will be presented to the new pope [MOD response needed, please]. Cardinal de Luna and the Roman curia criticize the burning of John Badby citing the bull Da Haeretici of Pope Sixtus V. Badby should have been imprisoned. Viridis of Habsburg is given in marriage to Peter de Luxembourg. The Habsburg Family asks the House of Wittelsbach for a young woman to marry Albert V of Habsburg [MOD response needed, please]. The tutors of Ari Sturlungur are impressed with his intelligence, they say that he will have a bright future. A great number of pilgrims continues to visit the Migliarelli seeking graces and miracles. Anna Forti is now living under the protection of the Mercedine sisters at the Convent of Our Lady of Sorrows. There she is constantly interviewed by the commission that is annalyzing the veracity of the apparitions. Members of this commission also visit Migliarelli, to study the alleged miracles. While the cardinals are in the Conclave, the people pray to God that the next pope be a good shepherd to Christendom.
    • Republic of Ancona: The death of Pope Alexander V is mourned by the people of Ancona. A mass is celebrated for his soul at the Cathedral of Ancona. Being an oligarchic republic, the Republic is ruled by six Elders, elected by the three terzieri into which the city is divided: S. Pietro, Porto and Capodimonte. The proposal made by Auvergnat is happily accepted by the Elders. More galleys are produced in the shipyards of the city. (Secret) the Elders of Ancona send a letter to Constantinople requesting a commercial alliance between Byzantium and Ancona and future cooperation against Venetian monopoly of the Mediterranean. They also propose that Greek merchant ships will be able to bring their products to Italy by using the port of Ancona, while Anconine merchant ships will have access to the port of Constantinople [Byzantine player response needed, please] (End secret).
      • Regent Manuel agrees, but he does insist that Greek merchants continue to service ports in the Western Mediterranean where competative. 
    • Elizabeth of Newmarket, daughter of the Count of Palatine, is given as wife to Albert V
    • Currently, the published ideas of Jan Hus are as follows: 1) that the Crusades are unlawful because Christain nations should forgive their enemies, namely the Muslims. 2) That purgatory is a fiction meant to extract indulgences, as it is not mentioned in scripture. 3) That the Church should not be run on a strict hierarchy, as Christ is head of the church.
  • Tian China: A very interesting and, to many, worrying political development occurs at the beginning of this year, in response to the Emperors rejection of one of the last surviving members of the loyal and respected Tran dynasty of Vietnam, in harsh violation of his Confucian duties to the dynasty of one of China’s brother nations. Despite his attempts to keep things silent, many learned of the wushu emperors words to him when he appeared in court, and in response a cadre of military officers, led by the emperors son Prince Jianzhou, March into the imperial palace and are able to take the emperor hostage, essentially forcing him to become the puppet of his son, who reversed his fathers position and (secret) promises support to Prince Tran Thiem Binh, and tell him of their new plan to raise a force of at least 70,000 soldiers and help him raise loyalist Vietnamese forces to help him retake the throne that is rightfully his. However, this is kept as secret as possible, and direct action is not planned to be taken for several years. The plan is also to rely primarily on local loyalist support, so that this intervention is not seen as a Chinese invasion by the people of Vietnam, even if we do very much desire venagnce for being lied to by the Ho’s. When asked how he expects them to feel about it, the Emperor merrily responds “Ho’s mad” (secret end). In other news, the first voyage of Zheng he continues this year, departing from the Philippines and visiting several states on the way before arriving in Java, the center of Majahapit power. There, we seek to negotiate trade and tributary relations between our two nations on a formal basis Zheng he begins his visit to the Majahapit capital of Cirebon by unloading a great many gifts to the ruler of Majahapit in the form of many precious silks and also a great amount of customary vases and Chinese ceramics from the empire’s core, as a token of good will and a sign of the empires hope for good relations with the Majahapit empire. In exchange, we receive a great many gifts ourselves, and propose, for the first time, that Majahapit officially enter into the Chinese tributary system so we can expand the trade between our two realms to an even more massive extent and open more direct trade relations. It is also carefully explained so that it does not come off as an insult or attempt to vassalize them, with Zheng He explaining personally to the Majahapit emperor that although the wise and benevolent emperor Wushu wishes dearly to open trade officially without such a thing being necessary, the values of the empire and the court make this impossible to pull off without causing unrest, and that there would be many benifits for Majahapit itself in joining the tributary system, as most nations farther north in East Asia have done. (Majahapit response needed). Many of the Chinese sailors and people who have come with the expidition under the command of Zheng He also partake in the annual Buddhist ceremonies in the capital during their visit, with some even becoming partially interested in the Shavistic and Vaishnavist traditions and ceremonies that take place, although this is much rarer. Although Zheng He does not personally participate in such, due to his personal Muslim faith and desire to avoid offending the emperor of Majahapit by participating in religious ceremonies he does not belive in (as he sees doing such as a kind of lying), he still partakes in many of the non-religious based ceremonies alongside his men in the palace, bonding with the Majahapit Emperor well his men bond with the citizens of the area, and hopes to leverage such interactions to ensure further friendliness and positive relations bettered our two great nations, both in the future and in the process of these negotiations.
    • Majapahit Diplomacy: Raja Wikramawardhana agrees to become tributary to China
  • Kingdom of Portugal: Queen Cirí refuses to sign any alliance with England citing that they broke it once, who to say they wont break it again? Meanwhile, the queen begins funding massive infrastructure projects all over Portugal,mainly focusing on Lisboa and Porto. This is done in an effort to ease he burdens of transporting troops but also heavy equipment. The queen marries the Icelandic prince known as Dhomnhall but as the queen insists him getting a Portuguese name since he's the king consort, he decides to change his name to Fernando.
  • Kingdom of Eiru: Supplies continue to be sent to Iceland to help keep Greenland alive. The fortifications and improvements of Ireland's ports is finished now. Further land enclosure in Tir Eoghain, the Pale, MacCoughlan and Kearney. Work is finished on constructing a series of lateral canals with locks to create a navigable passage for barges from Lough Ree to Lough Derne with locks being constructed further up stream to make the river navigable up to Lough Allen. Land begins to be reclaimed at Upper and Lower Lough Erne through the use of dykes and drainage canals to remove much of the water and channel it elsewhere. The new naval base at Cork is completed with the fleet based at Cork comprising some 15 galleys and in times of war can be supplemented with merchant ships such as cogs. The chain boom exists at Camden and Carlisle and is protected by the fortifications there. Continued training in the use of longbows amongst freemen.
  • Kingdom of England: Despite our minor defeat in Normandy good news reaches London as the Spanish prepare to rejoin the conflict. Soon English troops are once more withdrawn to Brittany with the 28,000 English troops awaiting orders from King Henry IV to launch a final push against the French. With still no response being given from Burgundy, Henry IV sends a final letter to John the Fearless stating that England will not support his actions and that he must accept Henry IV’s offer for a peace agreement unless he wishes to die as a disgraced excommunicated noble whose country suffered for his stupid actions in murdering a simple teenager who meant no harm to him. (Mod Response Needed). With Spain once more rejoining the war against France, Henry IV once more regains hope of a potential victory but sends a message to the Spanish to halt any planned offensives until they can get Burgundy into the frey as the King of England asks for the support of the Spanish in finding a peaceful solution in Burgundy before their country is ravaged by war and left too exhausted to aid England and Spain in their final offensive with Henry IV already seeing that getting a member of the House of Valois onto the French Throne will already be difficult due to the actions of John the Fearless. Meanwhile, Henry IV withdraws his troops in Scandinavia and moves forth to solely focus on France while sending a Second Request to purchase the services of the Hanseatic Mercenaries(Hanseatic League Response Needed) in order to boost their efforts in France and finally defeat the French and end the 200-year-old rivalry between the House of Capet and Plantagenet. If everything goes well for the English and their Allies soon the former glory of the Angevin Empire would be restord.
  • Nasr Sultanate: Abu Muslim places most of the domestic work on his brother who goes the simple term "Ibn Muslim". Ibn Muslim first action is to address the outbreak of the Black Death in the Sultanate by placing infected cities under quarantine and adopting a very harsh burning of bodies policy. With the famine easing, trade is slowly converted back to normal trade. The nation wide ration easing is eased. Trade with Ethiopia continues as Arab traders interact with African traders. Trade begins via the Mediterranean Sea with the Roman Empire, as we trade Roman stuff and trade it down south with Ethiopia. Ibn Muslim begins to work on forming an Egyptian navy. With the conclusion of the battle of Mosul, Al Haji sends an envoy asking to reclaim his honor by taking over Homs and Beirut, after much debating and back and forth, Abu Muslim sends Al Haji his personal sword with a letter telling him. "Don't come back and view yourself as a man, until the rule of Law has been established over all of Sham." Al Haji leads an his army of 32,000 into Homs and Beirut. (Algo needed).
  • Swiss Confederacy: Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg continues to wait for King Henry IV of England to finalise a peace agreement for the conflict with Burgundy. In the meantime, Amadeus V, Count of Geneva loses his patience with the pace of Ulrich VII and Henry IV's diplomatic process and leads the Swiss-Savoy-Arles-Iceland coalition force of about 20,000 soldiers across Savoy to France. Frustrated at sitting idle while the murderers of his nephew roam free, Amadeus V asks King Louis XI of France where his military force would be the most useful in the conflict against Burgundy. (France response). Meanwhile, Ulrich VII also sends an envoy to King Louis XI of France, but on a rather different subject: Ulrich proposes to arrange a marriage between William Capet (b. 1396, the new Dauphin of France after Victor of Orleans was murdered) and Marie of Anjou-Lenzburg (b. 1390, younger sister of King William VI of Arles and William Capet's third cousin). (France response). The clerical commission that was sent to investigate Bishop of Sion Guillaume V of Raron has been using his position to blackmail local civilians into selling their land to his relatives, and generally abusing his spiritual position to favour his family's secular interests. The other Swiss bishops are outraged, especially Bishop of Lausanne Guillaume of Challant, but because most of the Swiss military is occupied by the Burgundian war the Central Council does not immediately move to depose him. Instead, several hundred local nobles and peasants march toward Sion Cathedral to remove Guillaume V from power, but they are met by the Sion town guard and mercenaries loyal to the Raron family. The two groups clash but a stalemate results at Sion. Meanwhile, the patrician of Bern decides to side with the Bishop of Sion and the Raron family, and sends two hundred guards and mercenaries from the Canton of Bern south toward Sion. Bishop of Chur Henry of Geneva-Lenzburg and Bishop of Basel Humbrecht von Neuenburg publicly condemn the burning of John Badby in England, as this is against the bull De Haeretici made by Pope Sixtus V in 1404. Domestically, the government works on increasing the production of lumber to aid construction and weapon production and to create more goods for external trade to improve the economy. Agnes von Lenzburg (1354-1410), aunt of Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg and mother of Anna, Duchess of Saxe-Wittenberg, dies of natural causes.
    • French Diplomacy: The marriage proposal is accepted.
  • Kingdom of France: The renewal of hostilities by Spain comes as no surprise. In response, all the major fortifications in the south are garrisoned and put on high alert. Having repulsed the Anglo-Burgundians in Normandy, Louis XI and Poncellet de Pierre bring their armies into Brittany and surprise the English (who are poised to attack, not defend) at Vitré. (ALGO). The battle features a forceful yet disciplined cavalry charge led by Poncellet de Pierre, the Constable of France. During that brave ride, de Pierre is knocked from his horse, set upon by the enemy, and severely wounded. Rescued by Louis XI, he goes on to finish the battle leading his men. A few days later, Poncellet de Pierre dies. He is honored and mourned at a makeshift funeral in the soldiers' camp, attended by King Louis. Charles I d'Albret is made the new Constable. French envoys are sent to her allies. Lotharingia, a longtime ally of the Capetians, is urged to come to the aid of France, with the promise of postbellum favors including the cession of the greater portion of Burgundian Flanders. Switzerland is encouraged to resume its campaign in Burgundy.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": With the creation of "Rotterdamsche Handels Compagnie" a rival merchant company is founded. This Company being called "Den rote hand Copagnie" the red hand being a reference to the symbol of Antwerp, the Hand which is a reference to the Handwerpen origin of Antwerp. The "Den rote hand Copagnie" wanting to compete with the Rotterdamsche Compagnie, although these companies only represent a fraction of their respective ports merchants. As most merchants just fund companies for one journey and then the spoils are spread out, which then leads all members of the company to just end after which. This being often planned in advance as these smaller one journey companies are mostly there to secure the the single trip and not the whole. This works due to the vlootleen law, but this becomes expensive for groups of merchants who want to do more then one journey. So both of these companies make heavy use of the Scheepbouw law, to get loans with small interest loans from it. The Scheepbouw law promoting inovation, which make Lotharingian trade influence bigger such as: Further distance sailing and more freight. The king Feinsan Regnier even decided not to expand the army, even with the population of Lotharingia growing. This is due to the belive that a strong navy and money spend on it is of greater importance, this being due to the fact that due to the economy of Lotharingia money spend on the navy has a bigger impact. As the Lotharingian population is compared to the other regional powers of Europe very low, and one ship with couple of hundred men has a lot more impact then the same amount of men in a militia or army. Neue Königlich-Lotharingische Marine continuing the conversion of 25 of the old cogs, into the double-masted cogs and the making of 25 Jersey cogs. While the Lotharingian Senate offers Stavelot, the use of the Karolus pond, ending tolling and taxing of goods going to the monastery, and military protection. In return for these services the Senate desire secular power over the monastery lands. (Mod response). While the Lotharingian army begins to put a force of 5,000 well suplied men on the Burgundine and the Flemish border. The troops being given cannons trebuchets and a lot of mules, this to make sure that the weaponry can be moved fast if needed. The Lotharingian Royal army being prepared for war, if the desires of Lotharingia aren't met. The Lotharingian Senate demanding to retreat all troops east of the Bruges ghent line, before the 31st of October(Mod response): As the Lotharingian senate fears an attack from the Burgundine-flemish forces, due to chaos of the Anglo-French war.
    • Stavelot accepts.
    • They agree and retreat past the Ghent line.
  • Japanese Empire: As the various conflicts and fires and events of the last few years begin to die down, the Emperor begins to reflect on his position and evaluate the various on the fly reforms he has had to enact. The lesser nobility had revolted, the greater nobility and other daimyo had resumed ancestral lands and a more clear cut power structure had settled somewhere in the middle between the Imperial and noble rights. However, as this power structure has started to become clearer, the various elements of the government fall into more and more of a pattern now cooperating and working together more or less clearly. The Tetsuo codex effectively circulates throughout the various arms of Japans noble and admistrative society. It effectively leads to the reinforcement or developed of a more disciplined, and guided society. It delineates social and administrative etiquette, a strong family dynamic, and loyalty to a just emperor. It effectively stands a code for social order, and is noted to be extremely rooted in the principles of legalism borrowed heavily from the Chinese concepts of legalism. The domestic economy is thriving with the trade network finally running undisturbed. No more wars, or mass fleets of ships to transport troops, trade has fully resumed with many trade connections stretching south and west bringing a more organized concept of the Trade guilds now starting to merge together creating large financial cliques known effectively as Zaibatsu. These Zaibatsu - numbering three currently dominate trade going in and out of Japan with most of their fleets being the ones moving to the south and conducting trade. They maintain shrewd business policy and its effective middle man status gives these cliques some of the most versatile portfolios helping them maintain heavy competition in many of the trade cities and regions they visit. The ever growing market for furs to the south prompts heavy ingresses into Kamchatka, as well as southern and coastal Siberia for furs. It results in one of the greatest hauls in furs as well as products from whaling in the last 20 years. It fulfills the demand coming from China primarily and the rest of southeast asia secondarily. They stand mostly as a status symbol in the hotter areas of asia, China seems to primarily use them as part status, part utility as some parts of China get brutal winters. The roadway through Hokkaido continues to be built out as the "four corners of the island" as its said are united by the road with many tertiary arteries being built to connect smaller cities and villages much like on the other islands. The development of various gold and silver mines continues hoping to bring more currency into the system in order to work more heavily with trade. The development in Hanka continues with sattelite towns to Aimoi beginning to establish themselves and farms being abundant in the region surrounding the city. The Japanese contingent of the Chinese fleet runs to greet various known Japanese traders in Majahpahit as well as with the trade protection fleets which nominally base themselves and supply in various ports in the vast island empire. Trade beyond the wildest beliefs of the usual traders in Majapahit in conducted. Goods and gold change hands, new relationships are formed, and as the Chinese fleet looks to depart each location, the Japanese have left an impression upon the locals as shrewd traders, good fighters (in many a bar fight that which occurred) and an honorable people. Ten Great Atakabune, and 15 medium Atakabune split off from the Indonesian squadrons intent on following the fleet farther and farther and guard it with their lives.
  • Empire of Ethiopia: The Ethiopian delegation to the Roman Empire makes its way back to Ethiopia. Upon arriving in Egypt, word is sent to the Emperor informing him of the success of the mission and that a delegation of Romans is coming back to Ethiopia. News of new Christians visiting Ethiopia spreads throughout the Empire, leading to excitement and speculation. The delegation makes its way to Massawa and from there to Barari, where the arrival of the Roman delegation is met with much celebration and excitement. The Emperor greets the Roman delegation warmly, and is curious to hear of the Roman Empire. With Indian manufactured goods still hard to come by, goods manufactured in India become increasingly used as ways to mark status and wealth. The upper nobility of Ethiopia begins dressing solely in Indian silks and those who can afford it purchase Chinese porcelain at exorbitant prices. Many of the wealthy merchants also begin dressing in silk and buying porcelain, while the manufacturing and farming class dress in cloth textiles, with the more wealthy buying dyed textile clothing. The Blue Nile region continues to grow as a lucrative source of commerce and trade, becoming a highly valuable commercial area.

1411

Habemus Papam! Cardinal Secretary Pedro Martínez de Luna is elected the new Pope, taking on the papal name Pope Benedict XI. This firmly places the Papal States under the sphere of influence of Western Europe, as he is directly related to the dynasty of Spain that was once condemned as "Aragonese devils".

The aged King Wenceslas IV dies, having outlived most of his children in the House of Premsylid. He is succeeded by his son Boleslaus V, who is brother of the Elector of Brandenburg. At this point, a major religious movement has taken off across Bohemia, inspired by multiple religious leaders such as Matthew of Cracow and Jan Hus. At this point, the entire Bible has now been translated into Czech.

Giacomo Trevisan, a diplomat from the Republic of Venice, offers a lucrative trade deal with the Latin Empire. He offers to pay a substantial tribute to Romania and recognize their possession over Greece and Halicarnassus, in exchange for Romania allowing Venice to have autonomy over their privately-owned forts and outposts at various locations in Greece. This would also serve to appease the large population of Latin merchants now loving in the Empire.

The forces of the Mexican Empire are fully organized under the command of Yaluk, a prominent general and vassal king of Xaroyaca. They arrive too late before the Mayans have overrun Xicallanco, but he sets up a strong defense near Potanchan to engage in the field. Emperor Iuihua issues a decree that he is nominated by the authority of Quetzalcoatl, and not the rulers of Xiu.

Some Confucianist scholars in China suggest that the Emperor should direct his attention to infrastructure within the Empire instead of wasting time exploring other nations, which are all inferior to China. They point out that the ancient Great Wall and the Grand Canal are both rather dilapidated and unmaintained since before the Mongol Empire.

In India, a movement among the Hindu nobles in Maabar becomes galvanized by the recent instability in the subcontinent, gaining massive popular support for a reunification of Tamil Nadu. They elect to place the Pandyas Dynasty back into power over the kingdom.

In South America, the Sapa Inca Viracocha goes on a wave of conquest to subjugate the city-states of Peru between Chan Can and Cusco. It is around this point he establishes the Inca Empire.

In Rotterdam, a merchant from Belfast is beaten heavily by members of the "Rotterdamsche Handels Compagnie" for having representations of a red hand on his ship. This being as a result of the Rotterdam-Antwerp trade competition, the red hand being seen as a symbol of the "Den rote hand Compagnie".

  • Latin Empire: Emperor Richard De La Roche responds to Venice saying We accept the Trade Deal with him saying it is a fair trade deal. This also causes Emperor Richard to send diplomats to the Kingdom of Bosnia and Kingdom of Zeta to ask them to start trade relations with us because we have yet to establish strong relations since their secession from the Serbian Empire. (Mod Response Needed). The Latin Patriarch Angelo Correr travels to Rome to Congratulate Pope Benedict XI on becoming Pope and wishes him luck on a prosperous and noble reign. Once he returned to the Empire he still continued his campaign on expanding Catholicism. He appoints Symeon of Thessaloniki as Bishop of Thessaloniki. Symeon had recently graduated from the College of the Holy Father and converted from Orthodox to Catholicism a decade ago. after he got appointed he started to write a number of theological and liturgical works to help convert Orthodox people to become Catholic. With the Renaissance in full swing Art becomes more common in the Empire with the most recent popular Painting being a Painting of the 1309 Battle of Kalamata which the painting was so popular the Emperor bought it and Hanged it in his residents in Corinth. Also the Renaissance has sparked an interest in Ancient Greek culture and History with the most recent historical finding being an Ancient Spartan War ship found near the coast of Athens dating back probably to Peloponnesian War. A new port is built in the city of Volos causing an economic boost in the Duchy of Neopatria. In the Duchy of the Archipelago Duke Giocomo I Crispo funds education on the Islands of Naxos, Tinos, and other Aegean Islands. our Marshal John II Crispo raises the army size from 12,000 to 12,500 by training 200 archers and 300 Cavalry and adding them to the army.
    • Mod Diplomacy: Bosnia and Zeta agree to establish trade relations.
  • The Iroquois Confederacy: We do more baby making. We are keeping make a primitive rune/pictograph writing system which is being improved over time. We start to hunt and move around about nation more. We also start to farm corn, squash and more. We start to sell furs and beads to other tribes. We make more worshiping places around our nations. We start to have more oral and cultural exchanges with each other. We start to trap animals for fur. We start to make a lot of weapons for the future. We build more longhouses around the nation, peace for now is declared in a state of security for the expansive territories of each tribe. We start to train in canoe warfare and keep making giant war canoes. This also develops major cultural connections within the Five Tribes. We also pass down many stories. We have many births during this time. This is the region of Hiawatha.
  • Nasr Sultanate: Ibn Muslim begins to work on bring stability to the Sultanate by first working on reorganizing and fixing the trade routes from Cairo to Damascus. He begins this by hiring mostly poor workers from the Sham and Palestine region to work. With the famine easing, trade is slowly converted back to normal things. Trade with Ethiopia continues as Arab traders interact with African traders. Trade begins via the Mediterranean Sea with the Roman Empire, as we trade Roman stuff and trade it down south with Ethiopia. Ibn Muslim begins to work on forming an Egyptian navy, he sends an open envoy to anyone (state or man) "If you can make a boat, give us a shot, we have gold". (MOD RESPONSE). Cairo becomes the center of hot religious debate between many Islamic Scholars and Sunni/Shi'a schools of fiqh. Al Haji sends his army to wipe out the remaining Lebanese troops sending an envoy asking for there surrender or face death. (Mod or Algo response). With the conclusion of the battle of Beirut, Abu Muslim personally goes to Sham and calls upon the biggest army he can muster, 60,000 and moves to take the border city of Tal Afar. (Algo needed).
    • Mod Diplomacy: Lebanon surrenders to the Sultanate.
  • Iceland: Using horticultural glass provided by the Irish and Scottish glass houses are constructed in the eastern settlement of Greenland to grow carrots, broccoli and beetroot which should shelter them from the frost and allow them to grow while a barrier of infant trees is placed around the settlement to grow in size and shield the settlements from winds. Labourers travel over on constructed Oighear's in the summer to build new additional earth insulated barns and housing for animals and people. The amount of cattle is increased while clover is introduced as a crop being grown to be used as winter fodder for the cattle. The amount of water and ice fishing is increased using supplies from Scotland and Ireland. The change to increase fish and meat as well as eat foods which grow better in cold conditions should help keep the population of the eastern settlement fed.
  • Kingdom of France: French representatives and noblemen meet with the Swiss military leaders in France. They support a campaign into Burgundy this year. The counties of La Marche, Limousin, and Perigord pledge a total of 5,000 troops to this campaign. The troops contributed by Auvergne are also sent to Burgundy. In the English Channel, a fleet of Malouin corsairs conduct a raid on Portsmouth with the help of a French fleet under Jacques de Châtillon. Emboldened by this attack, a number of merchants in Normandy, Picardy, and Brittany turn to piracy and make surgical raids on the English coastline. Following the Battle of Vitré-Rennes, also known as the Battle of Châteaubourg, French forces gain the advantage but are unable to inflict a decisive defeat on the English army. The battle is followed up by a second engagement, occurring at a rural hamlet between the small towns of Acigné and Brécé. (algo).
  • Örebro Union: It been a year since the civil war has ended. The new king would implement policies of reform in order to rebuild the nations from the devastation of the civil war. With the new king in power, he would hop for a full annexation of Denmark into the Union. Meanwhile, unrest occurs over the The assassination of Eric. The Noble responsible for the murder is said to have escaped the nation (rumours says he's in the Holy Roman Empire). (More to Come).
  • Papal States: With the Conclave ending, Cardinal-Secretary Pedro Martínez de Luna is elected as the new pope. He is crowned with the papal tiara at a ceremony in the Basilica of Saint Peter and chooses the papal name of Benedict XI. The first act of the new pontiff is to create as cardinals Oddone Colonna (Papal States), Sancho III de Rojas (España), Johann II von Nassau (Mainz), William de Lauder (Scotland), Pietro Liberotti (Republic of Ancona) and Johann Slamstorp (Bremen). Cardinal Oddone Colonna is choose by the pope to occupy the position of Cardinal-Secretary. Albert V of Habsburg marries with Elizabeth of Newmarket in the Cathedral of Poggio Miterto. Seeing the growing influence of the ideas of Hus and allies in Bohemia, Pope Benedict XI announces the realization of a Council in the city of Prague and calls all members of the clergy from all rites of the Catholic Church to meet there and find a solution to the Hussite crisis. The pope himself will participate of the Council, which will be housed at the Cathedral of Saint Vitus. He will go with a Roman delegation and escorted by the Swiss Guard [Players and MOD response needed, please]. The young Ari Sturlungur continue to be tutored by professors of theology and philosophy. Pope Benedict XI is acts as father for the young Ari. The commission that studied the miracle attributed to Owain Lawgoch come to the conclusion that it's true. Then, the Holy Father declares Owain as Blessed. Many pilgrims continue to visit Migliarelli seeking graces and miracles, even the Coptic community living in the March of Ancona start to make pilgrimage to this village. Anna Forti is interviewed by a commission of physicians from the Hospital of Rome that want to see if she is mentally stable. With the situation in Burgundy, Benedict XI declares that the excommunication of John of Burgundy will only be removed if he travels as a beggar and by foot to meet the pope in the Council of Prague. This will be an act of penance for John's sin [MOD response needed, please].
    • Republic of Ancona: With Byzantium accepting the agreement, the Elders decide to expand their maritime relations and ask the Kingdom of Tripolitana for access to their ports and for the construction of Anconine warehouses in their port cities [Tripolitana response needed, please]. The Elders also send diplomats to Ethiopia, seeking to establish possible trade relations with this nation [Ethiopia response needed, please]. With Pope Benedict XI announcing the Council of Prague, Cardinal Pietro Liberotti and others Anconine Prelates will accompany the pontiff and the Roman delegation.
      • Iceland: Prince Ari attends the Council of Prague to address the Hussite crisis.
      • Kingdom of Scotland: We shall attend the Council of Prague to address the Hussite crisis.
        • Duchy of Auvergne: We shall attend the Council of Prague to address the Hussite crisis.
      • Mainly bishops in the HRE, Livonia and Poland accept to attend the council.
      • Lotharingian Diplomacy: The Bishops of Liege and Verdun refuse to go as they not recognise the current pope, whom they see as an authorarian dictator.
      • Swiss Diplomacy: Bishop of Chur Henry of Geneva-Lenzburg will represent the Swiss Confederacy at the Council of Prague.
      • French Diplomacy: France sends its clerical representatives.
      • Latin Diplomacy: We send The Latin Patriarch Angelo Correr and Archbishop Macarius I of Athens to attend the Council of Prague to address the Hussite crisis.
      • Tripolitanian Diplomacy: King Sigismund accepts the offer of a trade agreement with Ancona. Furthermore, Headmaster Philippe Leonard Seghers of the Order of Bari will represent the Kingdom at the Council of Prague.
  • Xingu: King Prepori keeps the head of the chief of the Kaiabi tribe, in hopes to use it to scare other tribes into submission. Although he decides to at the moment to focus on internal affairs rather than expansionism. In the meantime, he creates a council of advisors to help him run his nation and vote on decisions. Military tactics and strategy are further developed, and shamans, the traditional healers of the Xingu people, begin to teach younger generations medical expertise, as King Prepori creates a third class, known as the "healers", doctors of sort who both research medicine by experimenting with different herbs and treat the sick. The system of proto-writing, which is developed by the story tellers, gains a huge advancement when one storyteller discovers clay tablets can be made, and baked by a fire to dry.
  • Kingdom of Portugal: Queen Cirí gives birth to a daughter who is named Inez after Queen Inez of Portugal. Meanwhile, the queen establishes The royal Lisboa Library with free admission for everyone. On the morning of October 21, while walking outside of the royal place in Lisboa, Princess Triss is approached by an unknown stranger who kidnaps her and demands the queen's abdication in order for Triss to be released. The queen, however, tracks down the kidnapper and as the legends tell, "Ripped his heart out".
  • Kingdom of Scotland: Supplies continue to be sent to Iceland to help keep Greenland alive. King David III strive to continue the legacy of his father, to be regarded as a fair King by his subjects, in a bid to ensue his legacy for posterity. He tries to arbitrate between nobles and peasants alike trying to solve disputes as fairly as possible his capabilities allow him to. David III's son Edward continues to grow, developing his abilities under the loving care of his father and his mother. Our shipbuilding program to enhance out navy is ramping up once again, having constructed another two more Hulks, five more Picards and three more Cogs to gradually replace the our Birlinns, Oighers and Longships, taking our lessons from past wars as they were mostly useless in naval engagements against their more modern counterparts. Örebro Union trade flow into Scottish ports is disrupted by their ongoing civil war, instead their competitors such as the Hanseatic League and Lotharingia come to fill the gap, as trade with England had been mostly shut down from the Welsh War of Independence onward. Henry Sinclair, Earl of Orkney finally heals from his disease in Greenland and sets on his final journey, travelling to the vast unexplored swathes of land near Greenland, were hunting outposts are based of a few islands and heads there to investigate this unique phenomenon once again. Setting sail for these mysterious hunting outposts, ever dedicated to recording every detail of his journey in his oceanic chart archive to present to the King for navigation and map charting purposes. After recording the landescape of Baffin Island, a cold, remorseful place, he moves to Resolute Island were his escored is attacked once again like his last trip by a band of native savages. Only this time these savages were more prepared, gathering a force sizable enough to overpower his escort. They manage to mortally wound him before they are driven back by reinforcements coming from his small fleet. He appoints his assistant, Aodhàn, the leader of this expedition before he passes from life, after making him vow to return to Scotland and deliver his all of his work to the Scottish Kings who funded this expedition. Aodhàn returns and delivers all of Henry Sinclair's records to King David III as he vowed to do. King David III uses his scribes to put them together in a single tome, who he stores in the royal library, along with the original records. He also makes multiples copies of Henry Sinclair's tome, who becames a best seller among the nobility. The profits from these tomes are given to the Sinclair's descendants. Enboldened by the proclaimations, individuals such as priests in the Celtic Lollard church and the Catholic Church offically enourage their congregations to add a prayer for the intercession of Owain Lawgoch in their prays, citing the proclamations that depict Owain Lawgoch as a hero and a martyr. The Celtic Catholic Lollard Church continues to distance itself from the Latin English, preferring to use the various different dialects of Celt-rite. They also show their preference for painted icons rather than sculptures. However, since the Celtic Catholic Lollards don't agree with iconoclasism, they prefer to use modest paints of saints and Bible passages. Scottish priests, Lollard Catholics and mainstream Latins alike express tremendous joy over the fact that Owain Lawgoch has been declared blessed by his Most Holiness, Pope Benedict XI. As part of the Scottish revival, the works of John Duns ("Duns Scotus"), our countryman, start to be studied by Celtic and Latin theologians across the nation. With the defense of the Immaculate Conception of Mary made by John being one of the more read.
    • Auvergnat Domains: King David III Bruce of Scotland for the past five years now he has deeply embedded himself into French politics, as jure uxoris ruler of his wife's [Joan II] domains in France, such as the Duchy of Auvergne and the Count of Boulogne inherited in 1404 as with his importance it would be inexcusable not to have done so. He continues to secure the loyalty of several of his new subjects, mostly from loyalty to his wife's [Joan II] House of Auvergne but also by his own right with his magnificence, as the David III has proven himself adept student of French intrigue and politics so far. The Auvergnat forces provided to the King Louis XI as part of our compromise last year, are under the command of the experienced general that Former King Robert II Bruce is, seeking to experience the thrill of war once again before the end of his life. King David III strive to continue the legacy of his father, to be regarded as a fair King by his subjects, in a bid to ensue his legacy for posterity. He tries to arbitrate between nobles and peasants alike trying to solve disputes as fairly as possible his capabilities allow him to. Count Waleran III of Luxembourg passes away from life this year, his last will and testament dictating that his domain should be split amongst his two underaged sons, with each one of them taking a county, Ligny to Guy and Saint-Pol to John. His wife, Alison Bruce acts as the caretaker of her husband's will, acting as the regent for her two underaged sons, splitting his domain fairly among them per his wishes. William Wallace and Maria d'Évreux-Bruce have a son this year, Malcolm d'Évreux-Wallace. Isabel Bruce seeks a match for her daughter, Maria, so she chooses to marry her to Sir William Wallace, hero of the Welsh Independence War, now 27 years of age. After a lavish ceremony they move to their seat of Guînes as a couple. Count William effectively rules over her wife's domain, the County of Guînes via jure uxoris rule. A small Catholic Lollard following from his personal entourage has followed David III to the Auvergnat domains and gradually developed over the past five years now, continuously spreading. Anconan trade flows to our domain, enriching our coffers. Robert II Bruce, formerly King of Scotland until his abdication to his son three years before, now caretaker of his son's domains in France, is fascinated and charmed at the same time by the lovely lady, Dauphine Anne of Auvergne, while campagning in France with King Louis XI. One night he surprises her by asking her hand out in public. [​Mod Response​].
      • The marriage is accepted with permission from King Louis.
  • Roman Empire: Long Live the Basileae! Herodotus I and John VIII are crowned in a dual ceremony. Herodotus in his first act as Basileus, formally ends any restrictions on his mother’s travel, ending her house arrest. Manuel, abandons his title as regent continuing to serve as a close adviser to the Basileae. Notably he continues to advise on matters pertaining to the war with Dobruja which is clearly coming to a close. With Varna, the Dobrujan capital, captured and Roman forces pushing farther north an offer of peace is delivered to Tertius, now imprisoned in Varna. Tertius will step down from his post as Despote of Dobruja, and retire to a small estate in the south of the country (by my estimates he would be circa 60 years old anyway). Tertius’ son Quartus will swear fealty to both John and Herodotus, installing Dobruja as a vassal of the Roman Empire. He shall accept a trade arrangement in which Dobruja shall not levy any tariff or fee on Roman merchants for any good. Finally, he shall cede districts in Odessos (Varna) and Aegyssus (Tulcea) to the Roman Empire for the construction of fortified trade outposts. (Mod Response) Economically, the strain of war begins to show in earnest as young men are off fighting rather than tending the plows and fields. Production within the empire, and loans are taken by the imperial treasury to import grain from Moldavia. The situation with Ancona increases the Empire’s trade access and power within central Italy. However, the continued proliferation of commercial and entrepreneurial ideas among the peasantry begins to shake society to its core. A growing and prosperous middle class develops in cities across the empire, and though it is small it challenges the traditional aristocracy of the empire. Another envoy is sent to Wallachia to negotiate peace between them and Hungary. (Mod and Ycasto Response).
    • Wallachia wants peace.
    • Dobruja accepts.
  • Swiss Confederacy: With the addition of 5,000 troops from the French counties of La Marche, Limousin and Perigord the size of the coalition force led by Amadeus V, Count of Geneva swells to 25,000. After the encouragement by King Louis XI of France, Amadeus V leads the coalition force to the Royal French city of Viennois, and from there attacks the Burgundian border city of Mâcon. The attacking force besieges the city using siege equipment that was manufactured in the western region of the Swiss Confederacy during the Battle of Pontarlier, and during the siege the troops burn the countryside surrounding Mâcon and also attempt to set the city itself on fire to force its surrender. (Mod response if necessary). If Mâcon surrenders, Amadeus V will lead his forces north along the river Saône toward the city Chalon-sur-Saône. Meanwhile, Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg, continues to wait for King Henry IV of England to officially propose the peace agreement he had been talking about for several years. (England response). In the Raron conflict, the mercenaries sent by the patrician of Bern arrive at Sion and aid Bishop of Sion Guillaume V of Raron, repulsing the anti-Raron rebels from the city. The Raron-Bern force then pursues the rebels toward Martigny, the largest settlement of the Lower Valais region of the Canton of Sion, the home of most of the local nobles rebelling against the Raron family. Getting worried about the increased aggression of the Rarons, the Central Council sends an envoy to Amadeus V and his army to try and get some of the soldiers of the joint military to return to Switzerland and help depose the corrupt bishop. However, the Central Council's envoy won't be able to reach Amadeus V's force before the end of 1411. However, the Cantons of Uri, Unterwalden and Lucerne declare their support for the anti-Raron rebels and manage to raise a force of several hundred troops to approach Sion from the east. The guild of Zürich, seeing an opportunity to weaken their economic rivals Bern, has a force of several hundred mercenaries Zürich town guards cross the Cantons of Zug and Lucerne to attack Bern directly, which would split their attention from aiding Guillaume V of Raron. Bishop of Constance Kuno von Stoffeln dies and Otto von Lenzburg (b. 1376), younger brother of Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg and member of the Order of Divine Mercy, is appointed as the new Bishop of Constance. As von Stoffeln was also a cardinal, the Central Council sends an envoy to Pope Benedict XI, proposing that Bishop of Lausanne Guillaume de Challant be created cardinal as his replacement. (Papal response). Domestically, the Central Council works on recruiting new soldiers to the joint military of the Swiss Confederacy, as the deployment of most of the Swiss soldiers to France has left them with few troops to enforce their authority over the Raron conflict. Heinrich III von Lenzburg (1398-1411), oldest son of Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg, tragically dies of a disease. This makes his younger brother Friedrich (b. 1403) heir apparent to the County of Lenzburg.
    • Papal Diplomacy: Pope Benedict XI creates Bishop Lausanne Guillaume de Challant as cardinal.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": The monastery of Stavelot accepts The Senatorial offer. Thus a small force 500 soldiers enter the monastery, Administrators from the County of Luxembourg entering the town halls to change the administration from church to a civil one. The actual changes being very minor as the power of the monastery was already almost none in their own lands, now trade flow. Trade that flows from the Lotharingian ports, these ports including Antwerp, Rotterdam, Amsterdam and The Hague. The "Den rote hand Copagnie" offers the Béal Feirste man compensation and to pay for all medical and material damage he has gotten due to the attack. Shay McElligott thus getting his ship repaired and the Rote hand Asking if he desires to join the Company and establish trade with Ireland. (Mod Response). (Irish response). The Neue Königlich-Lotharingische Marine now numbering 25 modern cogs and 25 Jersey cogs. King Feinsan and Senatus Regus Lotharrii bringing back the five Galleasses, which are converted Merchants ships. Galleasses being military variants of the galley but slower and higher, Merchants making these ships more often. The Senate investing in even more Jersey-cogs so that by the End of the Decade there are a total of 100 cogs. While on Jersey the new habour is finally finished thus, a port closer to their respective trade areas is created. The harbour being small but a good rest place for the tired merchants, the port even atracting Frenchmen and Englishmen alike. Another thing that attracts people is the Lotharingian army, Who once more requests that all troops east of the Ghent Bruges line leave the area. (Mod response). This is as the Lotharingian senate fears the chaos from spilling over. The Senatus Regus Lotharri sending 5,000 more soldiers to the Flemish border, thus increasing the peacekeep numbers to 10,000 troops. Another front where there are Lotharingian soldiers is the County of Burgundy, as the two counties are in a personal union. This area having 5,000 troops who are able to defend the border, for if war arises. While the County of Barois the new Count Henri, had an attempt on his life by a group of Drunk merchants just before his cronation. The merchants shooting with pistols hidden in their coats and a small crossbow, they see the count getting wounded but do not know if it's fatal or not. (Mod response). The men fleeing before able to look further into the situation, as they fear for their lives. These men shouting "vive le dieu, vive le republique Sainte".
    • Burgundy agrees to withdraw from the Ghent line.
  • Tian China: With the trade agreement made with Indonesia by Zheng He concluded, and the gaining of many tributary urs in the Philippines and Indonesia, Zheng he begins to head home from the first of his several voyages. (Sorry for the short turn, Am pretty tired today).
  • Empire of Japan: The development of the domestic Zaibatsu brings together yet one more this time consisting of the largest fur traders in Japan which have been same some of the richest due to their direct trade with China and Korea. However, with the expansion of the fur markets moving toward less upper tier utility in colder countries, more practical uses are found for them within the more tropical nations buying furs. It consists of wall ornaments, rugs, even lighter pelts which are integrated more as water proofing to existing clothing rather than for heat. The expansion of the northern Zaibatsu is in direct conflict with the southern more diversified Zaibatsu creating a sort of competition as it becomes clear the northern Zaibatsu will be now competing directly with the southern. The expansion of the fleet to cover the expanding trade routes also sees a new patrol route established between the port of Osaka, and the Sultanate of Manguinadao. More territory is claimed and appropriated from the natives in the region with a proper garrison of about 100 men being brought in to keep the peace as well as act as a labor pool for Fort Koba. The town of Fort Koba continues to grow as it becomes an important stop on trade heading farther north and its importance as a supply and repair depot becomes clear. More investment in put into trying to maintain the status of Kowa in Kamchatka. The settlement boasts nearly 200 permanent residence as its importance as a fur ranging settlement and whaling station become clear. The prior attempts to maintain permanent settlers has come back time and again with failure due to its climate and thus, the investments are put together to develop a proper cold weather coastal settlement and manpower and materials are shipped to build more effective housing for the village. Emperor Kemmu brings his son Kenzo to imperial procedings this year introducing his young male heir to many of the nobles and such. It is said the crown prince is cool and collected a good all arounder not excelling too much in any one category of imperial management. The Imperial survey finally adjusts to the new lands turned over to the Noble families and adjusts its estimates for the levies. With greater agricultural yields and more internal trading this frees up more manpower for the Levy in which the land survey finds that roughly 100,000 men can be fielded at once. The Imperial army adds another 5,000 into its numbers maintaining 25,000 troops in the home regions and 10,000 abroad as a garrison and labor force in Manzhu. The permanence of this force as well as its extensive use for labor, it sees the Imperial army begin forming dedicated Engineering forces within the army which specialize in complicated military structures. The further expansion of the villages in Manzhu continues.

1412

There is a growing discontent in Rome as the newly-elected Pope Benedict XI departs for the Ecumenical Council of Prague. As the Pope comes from a noble background so closely tied to the House of Barcelona, many people fear living through a repeat of the Aragonese occupation of Rome in the Iohannan War. The Cardinal Bishops from France, Lotharingia, and the Celtic states withdraws at the behest of Emperor Vincent, who suspect that Werner von Falkenstein should have been elected instead. The Bishop of Trier himself, however, has remained silent.

After the decimating defeat of Dobruja, a faction of nobles in the Palaiologos Dynasty forms in opposition to regent Manuel, supported by his brother Theodore. This faction fears that Manuel is acting tyrannical to imprison Irene and Manuel the Younger, as well as the forced subjugation of Dobruja.

A conspiracy of nobles in Egypt led by Shaykh Al-Mahmudi, Nawruz Al-Hafizi and Baktamur Djilik assassinates the Sultan Al-Nasir Faraj. This sudden loss of central government plunges Egypt into anarchy, with no civil governments maintained in either Upper or Lower Egypt. This also takes place while Al-Hajji has most of Egypt's military in campaigns abroad. The conspirators reach out to Abu Muslim if he wishes to take the crown of Egypt under their hegemony, or if he will be their enemy.

After sustaining several defeats to the Mayans, the Mexican army retreats to Uatlan and allows Potanchan to fall to the Yucatan invaders. The imperial government of Xaroyaca begins to collapse from within as the emperor comes in dispute with the military led by the vassal king Yaluk. Ultimately, Emperor Iuihua is assassinated by the royal guards who proclaims Yaluk II as his successor.

In Tibet, Gedun Drupa becomes well known as the most influential of Buddhist monks. He founds multiple monasteries near U-Tsang.

England and Wales are struck by another outbreak of the Black Death.

In China, the engineer Jiao Yu publishes a book on the use of cannons and grenades, called Huolongjing.

The Medici rulers in dynastic union of Milan and Florence dominate the banking industry of northern Italy, including the Papal States.​​​​​​

The Council of Toledo asks the King of Spain to authorize a series of laws that would be restrictive on the Jews, in order to keep them distinguished and segregated from Christian society.

Ruy Gonzales de Clavijo returns to Spain from his travels in Central Asia.

The younger generation of the Balkan states, including Hungary, Wallachia, and Byzantium, become obsessed with jousting tournaments that are generally popular in Europe.

The Count of Bar is wounded in his leg by a crossbow in an assassination attempt. His guards immediately attack the assassin and stab him to death.

  • Xingu: King Prepori hopes to subjugate the Xavante people, confident after his military victory over the Kaiabi. He does, however, like he did with the Kaiabi, offer them a chance to be peacefuly incorporated. He presents the Xavante leader with the head of the former Kaiabi chief, saying that the same will befall him if he doesn't swear fealty to him. (Mod Response needed).
    • The Xavante are determined to fight stronger and more bravely than the puny Kaiabi.
  • Roman Empire: Herodotus and John begin to grow increasingly hostile toward each other. Both Basileae feel insulted and harmed by close relatives of the other, so when Theodore and a group of Roman aristocrats approach the young Herodotus with a proposal. Theodore meets with the young Basileus, offering to help end the threat posed by his brother, but concerned that should it come to war Manuel would be likely to win. Herodotus’ reply, though unknown for now, eventually comes to fame in later retellings of the story: “si nihil vici totem, nege totem", "if you can't beat 'em, kill 'em." Fortunately for Herodotus, one of the aristocrats has contacts with the Medici family in Italy, notably with men of an unscrupulous and undiscerning nature. He offers to remove certain obstacles from Herodotus’ path, preventing Manuel the Elders’ corrupting influence, and guaranteeing Herodotus’ single reign. Thus, late in the year Herodotus suggests that John and himself preside over a gathering of family to clear the air. All of the Palaiologians drink, eat, and act merrily for a last time. That night, a cold and still night, two men slip silently through intentionally unlocked windows. The first sinks a dagger deep into the throat of an Empire of Rome, killing him nearly instantly. The second attempts the same on an old man, but in a twist of fate Manuel the Elder awakens before his attacker can strike. Though groggy from sleep and drink he manages to take up a knife against the assassin. The struggle is brutal, but in the end the former regent lays mortally wounded, stabbed twice in the gut. His attacker fares much worse, suffering several significant blows. Before the guards break-through Manuel’s locked door the assassin expires, leaving Manuel barely clinging to life. The day after is a sad day for the empire. Bells and couriers toll out the poor tidings across Constantinople and the cities beyond. John is given a full imperial funeral with honors and rites. Manuel the Elder, crippled and dying, is kept confined to preserve his health and prevent retaliation. Herodotus maintains a guard loyal to him with Manuel at all times. Twelve days after the attack, Manuel the Elder passes from this world of infection. He, like his son, is given a state funeral. With no clear line of succession for John, and no compelling reason to elevate Theodore the Younger (second son of Manuel the Elder), Herodotus rules the empire alone. The political maneuverings of the empire apparently resolved for the time being, Herodotus quickly moves to assert personal control over the politics of the empire. He Establishes more assemblies like Syndikáto Empóron. Most notable are the Mathimatikós syndikáto (Μαθηματικός συνδικάτο), the Ekklisiastikó syndikáto (Εκκλησιαστικό συνδικάτο), and the Syndikáto gaioktimónon (Συνεργάτης γαιοκτημόνων). These and others serve as advisory and petitionary bodies to inform Herodotus of the state of his realm. Seeking to formalize greater control over the Politea by exerting control over the Aristotalian colegios. Each Syndikáto must elect from within its body of members a representative who will serve on a new Sómakolegíou (Σώμακολεγίου), the Body of Colleges. The assembly accounts for some 30 representatives from the various professions, interests, and classes in the empire, and serves at the behest of the Basileus to advise new policy. These revolutionary governing practices stem from increasing demands for reform from the growing middle class and the now increasingly educated lower classes. Seeking balance through Aristotle’s political ideas. The new advisory body does propose a great deal of change in its first few months of existence as it seeks to right some of the issues that predate it. Basileus Herodotus is then presented with a set of reforms that the body argues will please many and harm few. Most of the reforms involve repurposing and re-exploitation of underutilized land in the interior of Anatolia, the further liberalization of trade practices within the empire, and the sponsorship of various industries. Though most of the reforms are clearly impossible or detrimental to the monarchy, the repopulation of Anatolia catches Herodotus’ attention. He orders it done, and tasks the empire’s large bureaucratic system with repurposing tracts of underutilized land in the region. Marginalized Muslim nobility is largely forced out to make way for small estates dedicated to the production of export crops or specific goods. Meanwhile, the open plains are planted with orchards where possible and planted with vineyards, olives, and grain where not. The productivity of the region is expected to grow rapidly as the wants of the empire’s citizens seek out new opportunities and new lands. Of interest, in the Arsenal of Nicaea, a new form of hand-cannon is developed. The firearm uses a lever and hook to touch-off the pan with a smoldering rope, allowing for more accurate and precise fire. Old firearms are quickly retrofitted to the new standard, having earned the moniker: Ankistróplo (Αγκιστρόπλο).
  • Kingdom of Maabar: Puda offers an alliance to his Northern allies to protect from the Muslims. (Mod response). Puda hopes to unite the southern Indians against the powers to the north,west. Korkai's roads have been improved, and the next great work is Madurai's roads. The improved farming techniques allowed for a larger harvest. More iron mines are opened as well. Puda also adds a royal military academy on the the school he opened. He sends missions to southeast Asia to get information of the happening in the world. Puda adds another 1,000 men to the royal guard and begins the building of more ships at Korkai.
    • The Hindu states in southern India agree to form a mutual defensive alliance.
  • Empire of Ethiopia: Merchants from Alexandria send messengers to the Empire informing the Emperor of a request from the Pope asking to initiate trade with the Empire. While Ethiopian trade largely ends at Egypt, the Emperor accepts the Pope’s offer and sends him an ornate cross of gold and jewels as a symbol of Ethiopian friendship. With news of the coup against the Sultan in Egypt and the widespread collapse of Egyptian governance in Upper Egypt, the Emperor sees an opportunity to expand. He sends messengers to the ruler of Aswan, offering to help the city become the center of an independent kingdom if it pledges allegiance to Ethiopia as a vassal. Ethiopia in exchange offers to protect Aswan from Egypt and provide soldiers to restore order in the region and enforce Aswan’s rule. The same offer is sent to Aydhab [MOD RESPONSES NEEDED]. Trade with India continues to be rebuilt, as India begins to stabilize after the devastating invasions of Timur. With the situation stabilizing, goods and products began being traded again, allowing a limited flow of Indian goods into Ethiopia. The flow of goods is not nearly as large as it was before Timur, however, and thus Indian goods remain largely for the upper class and the nobility. With fewer Indian goods being sold to Mali, less Mali gold is imported. To make up for the decrease in gold income the Empire begins expanding its gold and silver mines, launching more exploratory missions in Imperial territory. The Emperor also offers nobles one-half of any mine found on their territory gif they allow the Emperor to search for gold in their territory. With trade with the Swahili growing rapidly due to the loss of trade elsewhere, Ethiopian populations begin growing in the Swahili cities. Notably large Ethiopian populations form in Mombasa and Kilwa. The Empire sends messengers o Kilwa and Mombasa requesting that the Order of St. Anthony be allowed to build churches there to provide services for the Ethiopian populations there [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED].
    • The Swahili states decline.
    • Aydhab accepts on the condition that Ethiopia does not try to convert them, Aswan does not respond.
  • Iceland: Using horticultural glass provided by the Irish and Scottish glass houses are constructed in the eastern settlement of Greenland to grow carrots, broccoli and beetroot which should shelter them from the frost and allow them to grow while a barrier of infant trees is placed around the settlement to grow in size and shield the settlements from winds. Labourers travel over on constructed Oighear's in the summer to build new additional earth insulated barns and housing for animals and people. The amount of cattle is increased while clover is introduced as a crop being grown to be used as winter fodder for the cattle. The amount of water and ice fishing is increased using supplies from Scotland and Ireland. The change to increase fish and meat as well as eat foods which grow better in cold conditions should help keep the population of the eastern settlement fed. King Domnhall II requests to visit his Grandniece Inez and discusses a future alliance. (Portuguese Response Needed).
  • Kingdom of Tondo: There’s nothing much significant that happened in Tondo for the past three years except for its domestic affairs, economy, infrastructure and military enhancements within the nation, that includes the decreased of tensions between Tondo and Maynila as Lakan Sukwu tends to focus on its expansion to the Visayas region rather than to face Maynila supported by three foreign powers in terms of economy and military since Tondo is somewhat not prepared to face Maynila and its backers just yet. Meanwhile, the prototype leather armors of Dalisay and a more studded and strong leather armor of Lakascardo is considered a success, the leather armors would be released to the military. Tondoese women were given an opportunity to work which they will weave and craft leather armor for the military - soon, most of the warriors including high-ranked military officers have equipped their respective leather armor. In terms of economy, the Tondoese economy skyrocketed due to the reestablishment of  trade relations with the neighboring nations especially that the Majapahit Empire recently signed a trade partnership with Tondo. The capital of Tundun would become one of the global ports in Asia - specifically in the Philippine region once again rivalring the city of Maynila, the Kampampangan region (basically northwest of the Tondo Kingdom) still develops their industry of agriculture, textile weaving, basketry, and metallurgy. Lakan Sukwu decides to revise the military conscription law - at least 36 months of military service is mandatory for all able-bodied males ages 18-35 OF ALL CLASS (the Maharlika class (nobility) would still serve as high-ranked military officials in the military conscription law - except Maginoo class) in response to the Islamization of Maynila and the constant threat posed by outside powers such as Brunei and Japan.  In northern Samar, the once outpost has transformed into an organized settlement for the past three years which the settlement itself is officially integrated to the Kingdom. 1,500 troops are sent to the settlement (OTL Allen, Northern Samar) which the settlement is now called as Minapa, to consolidate their presence in the region. A military school is also constructed in Minapa. While most of the northwestern tip of northern Samar is now under control of the Kingdom. Meanwhile, as part of an effort to subjugate the wild region of Samar that is populated by the disorganized Waray tribes, one company that is composed of 100 warriors, 50 horsemen and one Waray translator has been sent east to interact with a Waray village (OTL Catarman, Northern Samar) who has been trading with the settlement located in OTL Allen for quite some time. The high-ranked officials in a Tondo company meet with a local chieftain of the village (OTL Catarman), the captain of the company offered the local chieftain to join the Kingdom of Tondo and swear its fealty to Lakan Sukwu the first of his name and that they will be given a chance to be protected by the other rival tribes in the region and a privilege to do whatever the local tribe wants as long as they swear fealty to the Lakan which the translator translates it to the Waray tongue [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED]. For the past three years, Burias Island, Ticao Island, Capul and Dalupiri Island which are unpopulated islands were settled by the Tondoese settlers as part of the expansion to the south and also to decrease overpopulation at the mainland provinces especially Tundun and te Kampampangan region. Trade outposts have also been established in OTL Aroroy and Uson, Masbate to increase their presence on Masbate Island and interact with the local populace who are natives to the island. Meanwhile, the new Hindu denomination of Bathala or Bathalaism which was created and integrated five years ago by the Hindu priestly class and high-ranked Tagalog paganists who they still bear the religion of Tagalog polytheism which has been increasingly popular in the northwest region of Tondo Kingdom including the capital Tundun. The construction of a Hindu temple that is solely based around Bathala begins in Tundun. “The followers of Bathala” missionaries were sent to the Kingdom of Caboloan, the alliance of the organized Ifugao-Igorot tribes (Cordilleran Confederacy) in the north and Kingdom of Maynila (whose state religion is Islam but majority of its citizens are animistic, Hindus and Buddhists) to spread and preach about the new religion (the new Hindu denomination). [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED].
    • The tribes of Ibabao accept protection from Tondo.
    • The allies of Tondo accept hearing about their beliefs.
  • Papal States: Pope Benedict XI is outraged by the declarations of Vicent of Luxembourg. The pontiff done nothing to deserve be called as authoritarian. Who is being authoritarian is Vincent, that not satisfied being the Emperor now desires to control the Church. Due to this, Pope Benedict XI excommunicates and deposes Vicent of Luxembourg, declaring that he is a schismatic. The pontiff send letters to all the German states, declaring that they are free from their vows made to Vincent of Lotharingia and that the electors can now meet to choose a new Holy Roman Emperor. The Holy Father also excommunicate the Cardinals from Liege and Verdun, declaring that they are corrupt and seek only the destruction of the Church. The pontiff also deprive them from their position of cardinal-bishops. The pope calls for the support of all the true Christian nations against the venom of the Serpent that is Vincent of Luxembourg, which only seek to destroy the unity of the Church [players and MOD response needed, please]. Even with this growing conflict, Benedict XI will not stop the Council of Prague. There he give answers to the ideas of Hus based in the teachings of the Catholic Church. During the Council, the Holy Father creates as cardinals Friedrich III von Saarwerden (Cologne) and Martin Gouge De Charpaigne (Auvergne). Meanwhile, in the Papal States, Cardinal-Secretary Oddone Colonna and the members of the Roman curia that stayed at Rome, form a Council of Prelates and try to appease the Roman population by showing to them that who is ruling the Papal States at the moment is Oddone, a Roman. This group don't support Vicent of Luxembourg, but they also don't like the presence of a Spanish in the throne of Saint Peter. Oddone and the other priests know the decrees that Pope Saint Gregory XI leaved in case of a Schism, but they decide to wait until a better moment. Secretly, the discontent with Benedict XI is supported by the Societatis, a cabal of powerful Italian families of the Papal States, which purposes are unknown.
    • Republic of Ancona: With the declarations of Vicent of Lotharingia, Ancona is also divided. They don't trust the Emperor, but also don't show great appreciation for the Spanish pope. The Elders send a diplomat to Savoy, seeking the use of their ports so the Republic can do its merchantile activities in the Western Mediterranean. [MOD response needed, please].
    • The Imperial diet supports the Pope against Emperor Vincent.
    • Savoy agrees if they can share the profits with Ancona.
  • The Iroquois Confederacy: We do more baby making. We are keeping make a primitive rune/pictograph writing system which is being improved over time. We start to hunt and move around about nation more. We also start to farm corn, squash and more. We start to sell furs and beads to other tribes. We make more worshiping places around our nations. We start to have more oral and cultural exchanges with each other. We start to trap animals for fur. We start to make a lot of weapons for the future. We build more longhouses around the nation, peace for now is declared in a state of security for the expansive territories of each tribe. We start to train in canoe warfare and keep making giant war canoes. This also develops major cultural connections within the Five Tribes. We also pass down many stories. We have many births during this time. This is the region of Hiawatha.
  • Hafsid dynasty: The rule of Amir Abu al-Aziz II is one of consolidation, as being a successor to the great Caliph Ahmad II sets a considerable number of expections on what Abu al-Aziz II must fulfill. Piracy against the heretic Christians, specifically Hispania, occurs more frequently as Abu al-Aziz II doubles down on securing control over trade along the Barbary Coast of Ifriqiya, especially after his forefather's unwillingness to aid the Marinids during the long-ago Hispano-Moroccan War and the recent terrorization of Muslims in Tripolitania. Inspired by the former Almohad Caliphate and the long-lost Achaemenid Empire, architectural design is borrowed in pursuit of a more heavenly scene in the Ifriqiyan Caliphate. Amir Abu al-Aziz II sets aside a large budget for the contruction of the كلية الفنون الجميلة (Academy of Fine Arts) in تونس‎ ' '(Tunis), which begins construction this year, mostly by slaves, as a means of cataloguing the literature and arts as well as pursuing a form of learning and scholarly work unseen in previous institutions along the coast. Due to a number of unfit institutions and wanting his son to become as great of an Amir as his father and himself to be retroactively seen as, Amir Abu al-Aziz II sends his son, the heir Amir Muhammad III, to the University of Timbutu.
  • Nasr Sultanate: Ibn Muslim begins to work on bring stability to the Sultanate by first working on reorganizing and fixing the trade routes from Jerusalem to Damascus. He begins this by hiring mostly poor workers from the Sham and Palestine region to work. With the famine easing, trade is slowly converted back to normal things. Trade with Ethiopia halts as popular revolts break out. Trade begins via the Mediterranean Sea with the Roman Empire. Ibn Muslim flees to Amman. The many religious debates begin to rotate around news of two Caliphates being formed, one in Baghdad and one in Hafsid. With news of popular revolts in Egypt right after the battle of Tal Afar. Abu Muslim and Al Hajji both meet in Damascus, Where they join the revolutionaries and have Abu Muslim march one-half of the army into the Egyptian region and put down any pro Sultan revolt, proclaiming a Shura Council to be called once Cairo is brought out of Anarchy.
  • Swiss Confederacy: The envoy from the Central Council about the Raron conflict reaches Mâcon, and after discussions with Amadeus V, Count of Geneva 2,000 soldiers of the joint military of the Swiss Confederacy start to journey back toward their home nation along with the envoy. This, however, still leaves 23,000 troops under the command of Amadeus V as the siege of Mâcon continues. As besieging troops continue to burn the surrounding countryside and try to set fire to the city itself, Amadeus V demands that the city leaders surrender or face destruction. (Mod response). The 2,000 troops journeying back toward the Swiss Confederacy do not arrive back in the Confederacy before the end of 1412, but meanwhile, in the Raron conflict the troops from the Cantons of Uri, Unterwalden and Lucerne attacking the city of Sion force Bishop of Sion Guillaume V of Raron to divert some of his troops attacking Martigny back toward Sion. The Bishop's forces manage to repulse the rebel-supporting forces from the city of Sion. However, the diversion of forces from Martigny allows the rebels there to break free and push back the western front of the Raron forces. In the meantime, the attack of mercenaries working for the guild of Zürich upon the city of Bern forces the patrician of Bern to call back most of his forces that had been aiding the Bishop of Sion. With regards to the papal crisis, all of the Swiss bishops (except for the Bishop of Sion, who is too busy with his own conflict) publicly announce their support for the legitimately elected Pope Benedict XI over the now excommunicated Emperor Vincent. Expecting new elections for the emperorship, Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg sends an envoy to the Swiss Confederacy's political ally, Henry XVI, Duke of Bavaria-Landshut and Elector of Bavaria. The envoy attempts to convince Henry XVI that King Boleslaus V of Bohemia would be the best choice to be the next Emperor, due to the importance of his position in the Hussite Crisis and his known opposition to Vincent. He similarly sends an envoy to his mother's nephew Adolph II, Count of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein, Elector of Nassau, to convince him to support Boleslaus for Emperor for the aforementioned reasons, while Michelle of Anjou-Lenzburg speaks to her son Engelbert I and IV, Elector of Saxony and Count of the Mark about this issue. (Mod response for Bavaria, Nassau, Saxony) Bishop of Chur Henry of Geneva-Lenzburg continues to attend the Ecumenical Council of Prague. Domestically, the government works on improving the food supply and economy by manufacturing better tools for farmers to use. Hans Zubiria (1358-1412), Head Priest of the Western Church of Unterwalden, dies of a disease and is replaced as head priest by Iñigo Arrieta (b. 1370), a recent immigrant from the Biscay region of Navarre. After long series of debates betwen scholars, the Zürich Library publishes a book detailing the game of chess, using the short assize position (pawns start on the second row) but, as common at this time in Europe, the queen only able to move one or two squares diagonally.
    • The electors agree to support Boleslaus of Bohemia if an election is called
  • Marinid of Sultanate: Some people do work out an organization and nice society in North Africa, the ruler itself' know as Abu said uthman III had establish instability in the state's due progression work out at the time that the previous ruler from another year serving longtime governor of salé he would replace with it with new development the conquest is showable the beginning of overseas European monarchist nation for those who invade us likely current and the recent year for now, Islam is really well worked we establish budget and relation commerce in peacefully method of authorities and himself they built some university from philosphy and stuff that are important they also building port in some island to gain success took overall and power from the dynasty's generation work in progress and among the coast he consist to developing strategy toward and improvemnt into ina new movement of what he made so far Yusuf III of granada reponse that Abu would gain access to the Port Granadanese ports in the border and control them so the Christians would allow pratice in North Africa and efforming peace and also making plan from the Hispano-Moroccan long year war expect from Spain. Seeing that yusuf send him some Christian to built and help the construction among the port is would takefully a year that yusuf and Abu would need to work separately in leach level's control but there's one thing that he claims: the Sahrawi were hostility doesn't want us to build the port in their island so we encounter make fortifications to not they kill us and invade it' for now his visier as now gained control of the kingdom and had own their colony and a small port in Andalusia The sultanate is currently asking if Mali and Hasfid could be friendly together to had good relation with them and had development in Africa to gain friendly atmosphere and good stuff to make peace with it (Mali/Hasfid reponse, please).
    • Mansa Musa II, the Lion of Africa, Emperor of Mali and Bornu, King of Mali, Waalo, Gao and Merina, gladly accepts an alliance with the Marinids.
    • Abu al-Aziz II, Amir al-Mu'minin and Hafsid Caliph of Ifriqiya, optimistically accepts the alliance with the Marinids.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": The Flemish troops retreat west of the Ghent-Bruges, thus leaving most of the Lotharri-flemish mostly undefended. Thus the 10,000 Königliche Lotharingische armee occupies all land east of the Ghent-Bruges line, holding a Parade in Bruges city. This being a clear Lotharingian show of force, to make clear that Lotharingia wants neuter all Burgundine might. The Lotharingian senate now requesting that the county of flanders retreats west of the Leie-Yser line, as to make sure Lotharingian trade will not be attacked. (Mod Response). While in Bar an attempt as been made on Count Henri by Merchant radicals, Emperor Feinsan offers to send imperial representatives. These representatives would investigate the murder, and punish those involved following Local and Imperial law (Mod response). The Lotharingian Navy keeps their expansion toward the 100 Jersey cogs, ships being mostly being build follow simmilar designs. As standardisation makes it easier, and requiring less measurements to make a new ship. In Aachen there is another issue As the Imperial diet has decided to follow the rules of an Illegitimate Pope Benedict XI. King Feinsan Send missions to both Trier, France, England, Modena, Lubeck, Sweden and Beyond, to ask them to support Werner von Falkenstein. Emperor Feinsan offering Falkenstein, complete obidience to him as pope, monetary and military support and desecularisation. As these are cornerstones of stability and Pontificial loyality, Falkenstein being seen as the the legitimate.(French Response) (English Response) (Mod Response) (Sweden response) (Iceland response). The Königliche Garde Johanns des Siegreichen and the Praetorische Garde occupy the Lotharingian capital of Aachen, and put in a curfew and a ban on illegal manifestations. The Praetorian guard forbidding anyone in Aachen from leaving the city, due to the current danger in the city. The Emperor not recognising his excomunication, as he sees the pope as ruling from outside the law and being outside the law as a person.
    • The Count of Bar allows Vincent to investigate the assassination attempt
    • The Prince Chaplain of Iceland finds no evidence of Benedict being anything but a man of Piety but wishes to implement a new system, the man who got the second number of votes in the Conclave gets to be Cardinal Secretary to keep balance (Papal Response Needed)
      • Papal Diplomacy: Since Cardinal Werner von Falkenstein done nothing against the papal authority, Pope Benedict XI agrees with the Prince Chaplain of Iceland and makes Falkenstein his Second Cardinal-Secretary, together with Oddone Colonna. The two will rule together the Papal States while the pope is in Bohemia.
  • Kingdom of Scotland: Supplies continue to be sent to Iceland to help keep Greenland alive. King David III strive to continue the legacy of his father, to be regarded as a fair King by his subjects, in a bid to ensue his legacy for posterity. He tries to arbitrate between nobles and peasants alike trying to solve disputes as fairly as possible his capabilities allow him to. David III's son Edward continues to grow, developing his abilities under the loving care of his father and his mother. Our shipbuilding program to enhance out navy is ramping up once again, having constructed another one more Hulk, three more Picards and two more Cogs to gradually replace the our Birlinns, Oighers and Longships, taking our lessons from past wars as they were mostly useless in naval engagements against their more modern counterparts. Bringing our fleet to a total of 13 Hulks, 30 Cogs, 38 Picards. Örebro Union trade flow into Scottish ports is disrupted by their ongoing civil war, instead their competitors such as the Hanseatic League and Hispania come to fill the gap, as trade with England had been mostly shut down from the Welsh War of Independence onward. King David III uses his scribes to put them together in a single tome, who he stores in the royal library, along with the original records. He also makes multiples copies of Henry Sinclair's tome, who becames a best seller among the nobility. The profits from these tomes are given to the Sinclair's descendants. Enboldened by the proclaimations, individuals such as priests in the Celtic Lollard church and the Catholic Church offically enourage their congregations to add a prayer for the intercession of Owain Lawgoch in their prays, citing the proclamations that depict Owain Lawgoch as a hero and a martyr. The Celtic Catholic Lollard Church continues to distance itself from the Latin English, preferring to use the various different dialects of Celt-rite. They also show their preference for painted icons rather than sculptures. However, since the Celtic Catholic Lollards don't agree with iconoclasism, they prefer to use modest paints of saints and Bible passages. Scottish priests, Lollard Catholics and mainstream Latins alike express tremendous joy over the fact that Owain Lawgoch has been declared blessed by his Most Holiness, Pope Benedict XI. As part of the Scottish revival, the works of John Duns ("Duns Scotus"), our countryman, continue to be studied by Celtic and Latin theologians across the nation. With the defense of the Immaculate Conception of Mary made by John being one of the more read.
    • Auvergnat Domains: Robert II Bruce, formerly King of Scotland marries his beloved Dauphine Anne of Auvergne. They have two children, a boy and a girl, baptised as Louis and Agnes. King David III Bruce of Scotland for the past five years now he has deeply embedded himself into French politics, as jure uxoris ruler of his wife's [Joan II] domains in France, such as the Duchy of Auvergne and the Count of Boulogne inherited in 1404 as with his importance it would be inexcusable not to have done so. He continues to secure the loyalty of several of his new subjects, mostly from loyalty to his wife's [Joan II] House of Auvergne but also by his own right with his magnificence, as the David III has proven himself adept student of French intrigue and politics so far. The Auvergnat forces provided to the King Louis XI of France under the command of the experienced general that former King Robert II Bruce is, understanding that the war is turning against King Louis XI with the Spanish intervention, leave the camp of the French King, issuing their neutrality in this conflict once again, returning back to Auvergne but remaining mobilized, while more forces are mobilized, bringing our total forces to 7,000 men under Robert II. King David III urgently returns from Scotland to lead his forces in case the French King decides to move against us for breaking our part of the deal, refusing to give up any part of our domain to the French King. King David III strive to continue the legacy of his father, to be regarded as a fair King by his subjects, in a bid to ensue his legacy for posterity. He tries to arbitrate between nobles and peasants alike trying to solve disputes as fairly as possible his capabilities allow him to. Count Waleran III of Luxembourg passes away from life this year, his last will and testament dictating that his domain should be split amongst his two underaged sons, with each one of them taking a county, Ligny to Guy and Saint-Pol to John. His wife, Alison Bruce acts as the caretaker of her husband's will, acting as the regent for her two underaged sons, splitting his domain fairly among them per his wishes. William Wallace and Maria d'Évreux-Bruce have a son this year, Malcolm d'Évreux-Wallace. A small Catholic Lollard following from his personal entourage has followed David III to the Auvergnat domains and gradually developed over the past five years now, continuously spreading. Anconan trade flows to our domain, enriching our coffers. King Robert II Bruce asks his new wife, Dauphine Anne of Auvergne to swear allegiance to his son, the Duke of Auvergne, her nomimal overlord to reunite the Duchy after 2.5 centuries once again. [​French Player Response​ or ​Mod Response​].
    • French response: Dauphine Anne politely refuses, as she is the Sovereign Dauphine of Auvergne (a title separate from the Duchy of Auvergne). She will not renounce her sovereignty and will continue to rule in her own right.
    • Dauphine Anne refuses to give up her sovereignty.
  • Tripolitania: King Sigismund, now aged 31 (having been born in 1381), emerges from the Fortress of Tripolis and proclaims the Lex Tripolitana, the Tripolitanian Law. This system of law is based on a number of sources, primarily Latin crusader law from the Holy Land but also incorporates some local customs from north Africa. Notably, the King has more centralized powers than many of the European and former Middle Eastern feudal states. To this end, while there are feudal titles of nobility, they are for more limited regions of land. This is fitting for the desert-landscape, and also for the important role that the Order of Bari has begun to play in creating fortresses and defensive positions along both the borders with Egypt and the Hafsids, and also the uncivilized Berber lands to the south. In effect, it is less necessary to have large feudal princes with great power to raise levies because the Order of Bari and Nubian Knights, as well as close relations with European powers. The Lex Tripolitana creates a formal Curia of Tripolitania, a council to guide and advise the King. Membership in the Curia belongs to leaders of the Order of Bari, local merchants in major cities, and prominent barons - but each new member must be appointed by the King and confirmed by the remainder of the Curia. Sigismund, still unmarried send his lead diplomat and close confidant, Albert von Lachmann, into Europe to find an eligible princess to marry - eventually finding a Scottish princess, Caitrìona Bruce (Scotland Response). From a church perspective, Headmaster Philippe Leonard Seghers arrives and argues in Prague on behalf of the Tripolitanian position, which is strongly supportive of future crusades. Finally, a covert effort of some Tripolitanian barons along the border with Egypt attempt to destablize the Cyrenaican lands (MOD RESPONSE).
    • Scottish-Auvergnat Dip: King David III Bruce agrees to the marriage of his daughter, Caitrìona Bruce to King Sigismund of Tripolitania.
  • The Spanish Empire: As Lucario III, cousin of Francisco III, and an advisor to the king and prominent member of the Council following the Lord's of Apelacion dismantlement takes lead of Spain as oversight to the minority for the next few years, he teaches young Francisco in the footsteps of his father and that of James the Great while organizing the Council to ready for conflict against their neighbors now with a minority, the crown must secure herself more than ever against those who wish to tear her apart. The lords muster the reserves to be used to readily defend against rumors of potential outright Portuguese Betrayal with a portion of the Atlantic and Mediteranean Fleets being organized to a Spanish Armada separate of that assisting the Spanish Blockade of France. Meanwhile, in secret, roughly 25,000 men in total are organized presumptively in Galicia and Castile/Andalusia regions respectively with the stockpile of swords and armor including the supply of cannons and a combination of Trebuchets and Catapults being produced. General Elvin de Asturias and Heraclio de Galicia oversee these forces in preparation and are given the order to defend if the Portuguese actually do betray the crown. Meanwhile, seeing that the raids on Spanish Ships has increased in North Africa, the Mediteranean Fleet stationed in Sicily and Malta are tasked at destroying all of those ships who threaten trade in the region through active burning and by any means. Carlos de Syracuse in France leads the armies of Spain in France with 35,000 strong supplied at Carcassonne and Northern Aragon to bait forces positioned near Bram heading to Toulouse at Montreal where the rumor of a raid where precious farmlands are may happen seeing the actions of raids elsewhere fueling this. At arrival though, they would be met with a monster forces that would pave the way to the seizing of Bram left unprotected as the way back would be burned cutting supply for French forces, the trap set in motion after years of preparation. Using Carcassonne as a fail-safe just in case, a path would be cleared for an organized retreat but for now Carlos has the opportunity to show how it truly is to be a Spanish Imperial Commander. Arrows would come down from the Spanish longbows blazing as a band of the cavalry unit would storm from behind to strike at equipment with grenades and torches. Then the catapults would be used to launch large objects at the French creating disorganization as whatever they had as support would fall apart as confusion takes hold with men being hacked down as they come up the hill the Spanish bulk of infantry and support have been stationed upon as the remainder of the exhausted and confused French are flanked with no mercy given. [Algo Request]. Meanwhile, 25,000 troops made of French Spaniards, Mercenaries, and Volunteers work on the expansion and maintenance of the Mediteranean Coastal Fortifications as the results of the first campaign of the French Lanquedoc are awaited upon. For God, For our Allies, For The Motherland, For the King!
  • Kingdom of France: The French bishops, while opposing the election of de Luna on political and moral grounds, wish to preserve the unity of the Church. They also wish to preserve the good relations that exist between France and both the Romans and Germans. Moreover, no one has yet heard the opinion of the Bishop of Trier himself, whose input would be crucial in such a debate. Thus they have reached an impasse, and cannot yet declare their support for one side or another. Those that do take a stance are a minority. Despite the provocations by Spanish raiders, the garrisons and armies of Occitania remain patient and resolute: they will hold fast in defense of the cities and not pursue the raiders blindly. Instead, their main focus is to wear down the Spanish by attrition and render their chevauchées ineffective. Small forces of knights, bannermen and militia are deployed to deliver this outcome. Merchant-pirate and naval raids continue on the southern coast of England, prompting fear, distrust, and economic damage. Some of these privateers bear the flag of the Hanseatic League, causing further confusion about who can be trusted. In other news, a girl named Jeanne d'Arc (Joan of Arc) is born in a village within the French part of the Duchy of Bar.

1413

A conclave of Cardinals summoned by Emperor Vincent meet in Aachen, consisting of the Bishops of Verdun, Liege, Pointiers, Le Puy, and Dublin. They vote to elect Werner von Falkenstein, the Archbishop of Trier, as the legitimate Pope and declare Benedict XI to be an Antipope. After being initially uncertain, Falkenstein accepts and begins writing letters under the name of Pope Mark II. For the time being, the new seat of the Papacy does not comment on the ongoing Council of Prague.

At the same time, the Imperial Diet convenes in the Free City of Frankfurt, consisting of Princes from Bohemia, Brandenburg, Saxony, and Nassau. They hold an election that proclaims Boleslaus V of Bohemia as the King of Germany. However, among the followers of Vincent across Lotharingia, Luxembourg, and Bavaria he is referred to as the "Anti-King".

So far, the Ecumenical Council of Prague has succeeded to stabilize the religious tensions across the metropolitan centers of Bohemia. However, the followers of Jan Hus feel the council is being ineffective to address their points on Purgatory and Church Hierarchy. Hus gives a speech in which he appeals to the authority of Jesus Christ, who is higher than the Pope. The conservatives on the council feel this is moderation is less necessary than the situation in York, and Hus should simply be punished for his blasphemy.

King Henry IV of England dies, and is succeeded by his son as Henry V.

Richard de la Roche finally dies at the age of 75. Having no sons, the immediate next-in-line to succeed is Prince Marco of Barcelona, the husband of his daughter Mathilda, who is then proclaimed as Emperor Marcus. Marcus' wife Mathilda has a standing claim to be in line as Empress of Constantinople after Herodotus, according to the treaty between Emperors John V Palaiologos and William de la Roche.

Egypt's anarchy subsides in Lower Egypt after Abu Muslim manages to take control of Cairo, but general unrest persists as Egypt continues into an interregnum. Having been betrayed, the conspirators flee to Herakropolis and raise an army of 2,500 troops. A local Sheikh named Yahya Al-Sirt (Christened Baron John of Sirte) stirs up some local unrest in Cyrenaica, which on the whole has not seen as much chaos as in the Nile Valley. Poland and Lithuania sign a treaty to affirm their long-lasting union under the Oigherid Dynasty.

The Mayan Empire forces Tabasco and Oaxaca to be tributary vassals to Xiu, but effectively they enjoy much more autonomy than the rest of the Yucatan. With Mexico falling into further disunity, Yaluk II and the imperial military assumes more direct control. Ikel, son of the previous emperor, is raised by Yaluk in the palace at Michoacan.

In the Manchu Khanate, a Buddhist missionary named Yishiha establishes a Temple in the Amur basin.

Burgundy refuses to comply with Lothairingia, and raises their army in Flanders.

  • Empire of Ethiopia: Emperor Dawit I, a noted horseman, was riding his horse one day to relax when suddenly a viper in the grass caused the horse to throw him off. As he stood up the horse reared again, kicking the Emperor in the head and killing him instantly. News of the Emperor’s sudden and unexpected death quickly reaches Barari, shocking the city. His first son and Crown Price, Tewodros I, is crowned as the new Emperor, with all of the Ethiopian tribal nobles present. However, the new Emperor’s two brothers, Yeshaq and Zara Yaqob, the respective Kings of Ajuran and Kaffa, are noticeably absent, along with the nobles of both kingdoms. The Emperor, incensed at this affront to his rule, sends messengers to each nation demanding his brothers come to Barari and swear fealty to him. The messengers’ heads are sent back to Barari along with a message stating, “You are our brother, not our father, and not our Emperor.” Having refused Emperor Tewodros, Yeshaq and Zara Yaqob publicly declare Ajuran and Kaffa to be independent of Ethiopia, stating their father intended for them to rule each kingdom separately. To enforce their rule each brother raises an army, with Yeshaq converting to Islam to obtain the support of Somali Muslim tribal leaders. Yeshaq is able to raise 8,000 men as a result, mostly Somali tribesmen. The Christian nobles of Ajuran, angered by Yeshaq’s conversion and not wanting to fight for an apostate, declare their renewed support for the Emperor and raise 4,000 men. Zara Yaqob raises 3,000 men in Kaffa, hoping to hold the mountain passes into the Kingdom and force a peace. In response to his brothers’ actions, Emperor Tewodros musters the Chewa and raises 12,000 men. The Emperor sends 4,000 men to link up with the Christian Ajuran nobles while taking the other 8,000 men and marching on Kaffa.
  • Kingdom of Hungary and Dalmatia: Prince István agrees to keep Drobuja separated from Wallachia politically. However, a more important matter is the Siege of Targoviste. the prince gathers his forces, cuts off all infrastructure and confiscates all supplies to the city in the surrounding area. Then the city is surrounded and is attacked with trebuchets, occasional raids against  other garrisons so that they cannot reinforce the army in the Wallachian capital. Sometimes tunnels are dug under the walls to destabilise the structures, while trebuchet fire destroys the outer fortifications. Approximately 30,000 men and 2,000 men along manning the heavy sabotage and artillery structures. (ALGO PLEASE) King Stephen VII tries to arrange a marriage between Istvan and a Bohemian princess, to strengthen the ties between the nations even more, and to strengthen the alliance between Hungary and Bohemia (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED) 
  • The Iroquois Confederacy: We do more baby making. We are keeping make a primitive rune/pictograph writing system which is being improved over time. We start to hunt and move around about nation more. We also start to farm corn, squash and more. We start to sell furs and beads to other tribes. We make more worshiping places around our nations. We start to have more oral and cultural exchanges with each other. We start to trap animals for fur. We start to make a lot of weapons for the future. We build more longhouses around the nation, peace for now is declared in a state of security for the expansive territories of each tribe. We start to train in canoe warfare and keep making giant war canoes. This also develops major cultural connections within the Five Tribes. We also pass down many stories. We have many births during this time. This is the region of Hiawaha.
  • Latin Empire: Emperor Richard De La Roche is dead! Long live the Emperor. all hail Emperor Marcus. with the death of Emperor Richard it also ends the Roche Dynasty. the first thing he does is to birth a heir to seal his dynasty. He births a boy with his wife Mathilda witch he names him Julio Alfonso I. Meanwhile. a massive funeral procession occurs in the city of Corinth for Richard De La Roche with the most notable attendance was Latin Patriarch Angelo Correr and his body will be housed in a tomb and a monument is to be built in his honor. Due to Emperor Marcus being from Hispania decent and apart of the Spanish crown he proposes a trade alliance with Hispai=nia to help Hispania fight off pirate raids, Prevent the disruption of their trade, and assist their blockade of France, if they accept we will send 30 ships from our navy to assist the blockade and shut down pirate activity. (Hispania Response Needed). Do to him being a devout Catholic he begins the expatiation of Catholicism in the Kingdom of Albania by sending Latin Patriarch Angelo Correr. he first get permission from King Nekieta Thopia to spread the religion. then he appoints George Thopia as Bishop of Albania. Catholic Bibles and Institutions start arriving to replace the Orthodox institutions which will most likely cause Albania to slowly but surely become fully Catholic in the future. Emperor Marcus recognizes Pope Benedict XI as the true Pope and denounces the Conclave in Aachen and states just because Pope Benedict XI is related to the Aragon family does not mean that he is going to do something that they did nearly 100 years earlier and he also claims Werner Von Falkenstein is a heretic and a servant of the devil and merely started a Schism because he couldn't take losing the Papal election and just wants the Papacy for personal gain. In the Despotate of Eripus Despot Esau dies of old age. He is succeeded by his son Giorgio de' Buondelmonti as Despot of Eripus. Latin Patriarch Angleo Corre does not agree with the conservatives in the Council of Prague due to him thinking that a peaceful outcome with Jan Hus can be reached. 
  • Iceland: The King sends many more grants to Greenland, along with 30 militia troops to act as a police force. The Crown Prince Andrés Heinrich is taught by the greatest Icelandic Minds. The Extra 1,000 troops recently acquired last year are sent to support Swiss in their War. Using horticultural glass provided by the Irish and Scottish glass houses are constructed in the eastern settlement of Greenland to grow carrots, broccoli and beetroot which should shelter them from the frost and allow them to grow while a barrier of infant trees is placed around the settlement to grow in size and shield the settlements from winds. Labourers travel over on constructed Oighear's in the summer to build new additional earth insulated barns and housing for animals and people. The amount of cattle is increased while clover is introduced as a crop being grown to be used as winter fodder for the cattle. The amount of water and ice fishing is increased using supplies from Scotland and Ireland. The change to increase fish and meat as well as eat foods which grow better in cold conditions should help keep the population of the eastern settlement fed. The King thinks he's ready to marry again so he marries a common woman and has a single Child named “Herman” before she dies. Since in essence the Pope is appointed by god and making an Antipope is questioning god so Patriarch Hilmar as the representative of the Celtic Lollard Church denounces Antipope Falkenstein.
  • Kingdom of England: With the ascension of Henry V, the new King of England having been in command of the English Army in France just like his father before him, decides that it is finally the moment to defeat France, launching a major counter-offensive against the French Forces with his 28,000 Anglo-Spanish Troops (23,000 English, 5,000 Spanish Mercs). (Algo, Please). As English Troops move forth to strike against the French as Henry V decides to make use of the English Longbow as English Troops advance against the French when facing the French Army English Archers move to the front of the English Lines with one-half of them releasing a volley of arrows followed by the second one-half after the first arrows land on the French Lines with Archers following this process for a second time before retreating to the rear of the English Formation through specifically open gaps between the English lines. Once that is complete the gaps would be closed and the English Troops would advance on the French lines of defense in an orderly fashion while the Archers in the back provide them cover by releasing volleys of arrows against the French Army to further cause chaos. Meanwhile, Henry V sends a request to purchase the services of Mercenaries from the Hanseatic League as their support would significantly increase the size of capabilities of the English Army. (Mod Response Please). Meanwhile, with the recent schism between Benedict XI and Mark II, Henry V states that Mark II is an Lotharingian Antipope and moves forth to declare his support for Benedict XI with the Cardinal of England doing the same. With the death of Henry IV, Henry V alters Henry IV’s original proposed peace and sends a letter to Ulrich containing this altered version of Henry IV’s Peace Proposal along with sending letters to all parties involved in the Burgundian Crisis (Suiss and Mod Response Needed). With England on the offensive, Henry V urges Spain to also move on the offensive and requests that a force of 10,000 Spanish Troops join his army in Brittany while also urging John the Fearless of Burgundy to also commit his troops in the Conflict (Spanish and Mod Response Needed). With this, Henry V makes his first major push to retake the lands lost to France back in the 13th century and to restore the old Angevin Empire at its finest.
    • Spanish Dip: The Council hearing Henry V's requests quickly respond and agree to the transport of troops to support the English Campaign.
    • French Dip: These terms are acceptable to us.
  • Papal States: Pope Benedict XI is outraged by the election of Falkenstein as antipope. The pontiff excommunicate Falkenstein and the bishops that support him and depose them from their positions. He denounces Falkenstein and his minions as corrupts and servants of the Devil that only want to destroy the unity of the Church. The pontiff also ask all Catholic Nations to repudiate this fraudulent Conclave. Benedict XI continues with his efforts in the Council of Prague, hoping to maintain the Hussites united in the Catholic Church. After heraring about the election of Boleslaus as King of Germany, the pope decides to wait until taking a position. During the Council, the Holy Father creates as cardinal Niccolò Albergati (Papal States). Meanwhile, in the Papal States, Cardinal-Secretary Oddone Colonna and his Council of Prelates decide to support Pope Benedict XI for now, since at the moment much of Christian Europe support the Spanish pope. The young Ari Sturlungur was sent by Cardinal Colonna to stay with the Mercedine monks at the Monastery of Saint Symeon of Trier in Rome. There he continues to learn theology and philosophy and also learns about the teaching of the Divine Mercy of Christ. Albert V of Habsburg and his wife Elizabeth of Newmarket have a son named Ladislas. The Societatis continues to hide in the shadows getting ready to act at the right time. The commission finishes their annalyzes of Anna Forti and prepare a report on the apparitions that will be subjected to the pope, once this Schism is resolved.
    • Republic of Ancona: The Elders continue to support Pope Benedict XI as the true pope. However, there is those that would prefer an Italian in the Throne of Saint Peter rather than a Spanish. The Elders send diplomats to the Kingdom of Arles, seeking the use of their ports so the Republic can do its merchantile activities in the Western Mediterranean [MOD response needed, please].
    • Arles would permit Ancona in exchange for buying some ships to enhance their own navy.
      • Roman Diplomacy: We offer to serve as a workshop for Ancona, offering a larger manpower and industrial pool to allow Ancona to support a larger fleet more efficiently.
        • Ancona Diplomacy: The Elders of Ancona accept the offer from Byzantium.
  • Kingdom of Scotland: Supplies continue to be sent to Iceland to help keep Greenland alive. King David III strive to continue the legacy of his father, to be regarded as a fair King by his subjects, in a bid to ensue his legacy for posterity. He tries to arbitrate between nobles and peasants alike trying to solve disputes as fairly as possible his capabilities allow him to. David III's son Edward continues to grow, developing his abilities under the loving care of his father and his mother. Our shipbuilding program to enhance out navy is ramping up once again, having constructed another one more Hulk, three more Picards and two more Cogs to gradually replace the our Birlinns, Oighers and Longships, taking our lessons from past wars as they were mostly useless in naval engagements against their more modern counterparts. Bringing our fleet to a total of 14 Hulks, 32 Cogs, 41 Picards. Örebro Union trade flow into Scottish ports is disrupted by their ongoing civil war, instead their competitors such as the Hanseatic League and Hispania come to fill the gap, as trade with England had been mostly shut down from the Welsh War of Independence onward. King David III uses his scribes to put them together in a single tome, who he stores in the royal library, along with the original records. He also makes multiples copies of Henry Sinclair's tome, who becames a best seller among the nobility. The profits from these tomes are given to the Sinclair's descendants. Enboldened by the proclaimations, individuals such as priests in the Celtic Lollard church and the Catholic Church offically enourage their congregations to add a prayer for the intercession of Owain Lawgoch in their prays, citing the proclamations that depict Owain Lawgoch as a hero and a martyr. The Celtic Catholic Lollard Church continues to distance itself from the Latin English, preferring to use the various different dialects of Celt-rite. They also show their preference for painted icons rather than sculptures. However, since the Celtic Catholic Lollards don't agree with iconoclasism, they prefer to use modest paints of saints and Bible passages. Scottish priests, Lollard Catholics and mainstream Latins alike express tremendous joy over the fact that Owain Lawgoch has been declared blessed by his Most Holiness, Pope Benedict XI. As part of the Scottish revival, the works of John Duns ("Duns Scotus"), our countryman, continue to be studied by Celtic and Latin theologians across the nation. With the defense of the Immaculate Conception of Mary made by John being one of the more read. Since his Most Holiness, the Pope, in essence is appointed by god and creating an Antipope is questioning almighty GOD himself, Cardinal William de Lauder as a representative of the Celtic Lollard Church denounces the vile Anti-Pope Falkenstein.
    • Auvergnat Domains: King David III Bruce of Scotland for the past five years now he has deeply embedded himself into French politics, as jure uxoris ruler of his wife's [Joan II] domains in France, such as the Duchy of Auvergne and the Count of Boulogne inherited in 1404 as with his importance it would be inexcusable not to have done so. He continues to secure the loyalty of several of his new subjects, mostly from loyalty to his wife's [Joan II] House of Auvergne but also by his own right with his magnificence, as the David III has proven himself adept student of French intrigue and politics so far. King David III strive to continue the legacy of his father, to be regarded as a fair King by his subjects, in a bid to ensue his legacy for posterity. He tries to arbitrate between nobles and peasants alike trying to solve disputes as fairly as possible his capabilities allow him to. Since his Most Holiness, the Pope, in essence is appointed by god and creating an Antipope is questioning almighty GOD himself, Cardinal Martin Gouge Cardinal William de Lauder as a representative of the Latin Church denounces the vile Anti-Pope Falkenstein. A small Catholic Lollard following from his personal entourage has followed David III to the Auvergnat domains and gradually developed over the past five years now, continuously spreading. Anconan trade flows to our domain, enriching our coffers.
  • Roman Empire: The death of John VIII leaves his wife Elizabeth I of Hungary widowed without consummation. With Hungary a needed ally, Herodotus offers Elizabeth his hand in marriage, requesting that King Stephen of Hungary approve the union. (Hungarian Response) Herodotus, now 17 years of age, begins to show himself as a truly intelligent and competent leader, if perhaps singularly focused on his own personal power and control. He reforms the Theme system, concentrating greater control in the Basileus by increasing the Tagmata by integrating some of the more professional units into the standing core of the army. Already 3,000 strong, the Tagmata swells to 5,000 men with the inclusion of a new dedicated unit of Ankistróploi and the expansion of the Taurian Guard to 1,000 men. Many older hand cannons are converted to arm the unit, with lever-hooks affixed in such a way as to allow for more efficient operation of the firearms. Herodotus, a large proponent of firearms and an avid shooter, places a great deal of emphasis on the weapons, seeing them as the most useful weapon to counter the cavalry tactics of the mongoloids. The long range and high stopping ability of the weapons, particularly against the lamellar-wearing mongols should allow them to engage their horse-archers well before they can return fire. In contrast the rise of jousting contributes to rapid developments in armoring and metallurgy. Demand for high-quality steel for jousting armor and weapons impels the development of more industrial steel production methods. Windmills and watermills are increasingly used in the construction of power-hammers for forging and in crushing apparatuses for the processing of ore. Due to the demand for exceptionally strong armor, steel-makers are forced to rapidly adapt. Copying the well-known forges at Damascus and across the middle east, many adopt the crucible production. Large forced-air bloomeries provide the base ingredients which are then mixed with carbon-rich charcoal, biomass, and other minor additives to create a stronger, more consistent steel. The increase in quality steel allows for improvements in firearms barrels in addition to the improved cavalry armor. Solid-steel breastplates, introduced for jousting to replace more traditional lamellar armor, make an appearance among the heavy cavalry of the Vestiaritai. The reforms of last year continue across Anatolia. Underutilized land is developed into farmland and orchards, increasing domestic grain and fruit production. Herodotus sends envoys to Theodore II Palaiologos, Marquess of Montferrat. He seeks to establish a trading relationship with his cousin and gain a stronger foothold in the Western Mediterranean. Specifically, the envoy asks for harboring rights and reduced or removed tariffs in exchange for a portion of profits. (Mod Response).
    • Montferrat welcomes his cousin, but his March is landlocked.
    • Duchy of Auvergne: Robert II in his capability as caretaker of his son's domains in France, he proposes to his wife, Anna d'Auvergne, Dauphine of Auvergne, Countess of Forez and to nearby states such as Savoy, Turin, Asti, Noli and Theodore II Palaiologos, Marquess of Montferrat to combine their efforts to create a viable path for a trade route to the sea, lifting our isolation, which would no doubt benefit everyone involved in this scheme and especially the Maritime Republic of Noli, which would have all our trade flowing through their ports. Also the same offer is extended to the Swiss Confederacy, where he asks his relative, Amadeus V, Count of Geneva, to present this worthwhile proposed venture to the Central Council of the Swiss Confederacy. [​Swiss Player Response​ and ​Mod Response​].
    • Savoyhelps, the rest do not feel it would be profitable
  • Hafsid dynasty: The rule of Amir Abu al-Aziz II is one of consolidation, as being a successor to the great Caliph Ahmad II sets a considerable number of expections on what Abu al-Aziz II must fulfill. Piracy against the heretic Christians, specifically Hispania and Tripolitania, occurs more frequently as Abu al-Aziz II doubles down on securing control over trade along the Barbary Coast of Ifriqiya, especially after his forefather's unwillingness to aid the Marinids during the long-ago Hispano-Moroccan War and the recent terrorization of Muslims in Tripolitania, claimed Hafsid territory. Inspired by the former Almohad Caliphate and the long-lost Achaemenid Empire, architectural design is borrowed in pursuit of a more heavenly scene in the Ifriqiyan Caliphate. Defenses begin built along the Hafsid-Tripolitania border, with specific fortresses being built in قابس (Gabes) and الجديدة (Matmata). Amir Abu al-Aziz II sets aside a large budget for the contruction of the كلية الفنون الجميلة (Academy of Fine Arts) in تونس‎ ' '(Tunis), which continues construction this year, mostly by slaves. A spread of false information about the Sultan of Tlemcen and King Sigismund of Tripolitania in addition the Curia of Tripolitania begins this year, whether it be lies or highly-biased opinions against both states. Most of this false information is passed through the news or other methods of information, as to devalue both state's sovereignty and their basic right of existence. Amir Abu al-Aziz II's first wife, Layaali, gives birth to their second son, Abu Amr Uthman ibn Abu al-Hasan Muhammad, shortened as Abu 'Amr 'Uthman.
    • French Secret Dip: In response to the blockades of the Spanish and now the unsolicited intrusions of the Latins against France, an informal agreement of mutual naval support is suggested by the French envoys. The Hafsids are encouraged to continue raiding the Spanish Mediterranean and halting Spanish fleets wherever they are found. Admiral Jacques de Châtillon, in return, will support the Hafsids with his own fleet.
  • Swiss Confederacy: Amadeus V, Count of Geneva had been planning to lead his army to assault Mâcon this year, but as diplomatic negotiations finally resume under the new King Henry V of England, Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg instructs him to wait. Amadeus V is frustrated again, but the 23,000 troops of the coalition army continue the siege of Mâcon for its third year, as Amadeus V again demands the city surrender or face destruction. (Mod response). Ulrich VII is generally pleased with Henry V's altered proposal for oeace in the Treaty of London. The choice of compensation he asks from Duke John of Burgundy is that the Swiss Confederacy be awarded the southern part of the County of Burgundy, including Pontarlier, Poligny and Saint-Claude (reference map). (Mod response). Meanwhile, Anna von Lenzburg, serving as regent of Savoy for her young grandson Count Gustav of Savoy, has some discussions with the Swiss Central Council and then calls a meeting of Savoy nobility and proposes that the County of Savoy should join the Swiss Confederacy, for several reasons: a) it would be mutually beneficial for the two nations in this time of great instability in Europe, including the war in France and the papal schism, b) Savoy has had a trade alliance with the Confederacy since 1353 and a political one since 1377, c) Savoy has already partially been under Swiss control for the last two decades due to Anna serving as regent for first Peter III and then Gustav and d) the ruling House of Savoy is now closely tied to the Swiss House of Lenzburg. As Savoy is larger and more powerful than most of the individual cantons in the Confederacy, Anna proposes that Savoy would have a special status in the Confederacy: the Count of Savoy would continue to be the domestic governor of Savoy (similarly to the Cantons of Toggenburg, Neuchâtel and Geneva) but would be given a status of Vice Chair of the Central Council, with the Count of Lenzburg becoming the Chair, which would make the Count of Savoy officially the second most important noble in the Confederacy. (Mod response). In the Raron conflict, the Martigny rebels manage to push back Bishop of Sion Guillaume V of Raron's forces to the city of Sion due to the withdrawal of Bern's troops. The city of Sion is now besieged by both the Valais rebels and the troops from the Cantons of Uri, Unterwalden and Lucerne, but the city initially manages to hold off the attackers. However, when the 2,000 soldiers of the joint military of the Swiss Confederacy who were returning from Burgundy at the Central Council's request reach the Canton of Sion, they outnumber the other forces on the battlefield and manage to break through Sion's defences. The city surrenders and Guillaume V of Raron is arrested by Central Council forces and deposed as Bishop and replaced, after some discussions, by André dei Benzi of Guiado, previously a bishop in Hungary. The Central Council sends an envoy to Pope Benedict XI in Prague, asking him to formally remove Raron from his post and approve dei Benzi to replace him. Additionally, the Central Council suggests that Raron could perhaps be brought to Prague to be put on trial. (Papal response). Meanwhile, the Zürich forces are held off from the city of Bern, but the patrician of Bern is killed by a Zürich soldier. His replacement quickly sues for peace with the guild of Zürich and the Central Council. Domestically, the government largely focuses on restoring order in the nation following the chaos of the Raron conflict. Margaret von Lenzburg and Eberhard IV of Württemberg have a third child, a daughter named Sophia after her aunt, Margaret's sister Sophia von Lenzburg.
    • Papal Diplomacy: Pope Benedict XI removes and excommunicates Guillaume V of Raron from his position of Bishop. The pontiff also approves André dei Benzi of Guiado as Raron's substitute. He also agrees with the Central Council proposal and says that Raron will be judged by his crimes in the Council of Prague and receive his punishment.
  • Tian China: Zheng he finally finishes his journeys around Indonesia alongside his expeditionary fleet, and begins preparing to return to China, with plans to undergo several more such expeditions in the future. However, well making the final preparations for departure from the island of Timor, the last destination he visited in Majahapit, he hears tales from some of the sailors of a landmass to the south that is unknown to Chinese cartographers, and chooses to visit it with his ships. Although he searches for several months, he never finds the end of its coastline, nor any major civilizations with ports to dock at. Although He himself goes ashore several times and there are interactions with several local tribes through Majahapit translators, including some small scale trade (although there is little they have that can impress him due to their primitiveness) and gifts on the part of Zheng He to the locals in order to awe them, he soon departs from the land, which would latter bare his name in Chinese history, with the most notable thing for China being the several adventure-seeking natives he brings with him back to China, one of which would latter become a prominent scholar in China, before eventully managing to return to China on the eve of his life to return to his homeland and teach some of his wisdom to his people, although that will be many years in the future. However, apart from noting its prescense (although he assumes it is merely a large island) and the knowledge of its exsistance becoming vaguely known to China after this, nothing particularly special is noted about it, so it will not be visited again on his return expeditions.
  • Marinid Sultanate: Abu know his own knowledge he demand to sub-Africans to demand establish development and gain acces to plans from the current work he send up raise 100 men building over the south city and port gain him is money to council's sultanate of what he request is his throne is able to gain control and authority maintenance oversahara and his homeland which he claim that is special from his greatest's work finest in history the only merchant as talent to give food and money at our money's result whoever Abu become a man whose interest in life of trade and commercial unlikely bc he participate just like with other African nation. In Fez the trade commerce are full of Christian merchants and many object crystal are well beautiful although Abu enjoy himself with his expansion empire and authorities his people adore him' a fact that Abu most of castle are now occupied by surrounding area coast' and several moroccan in that work he attempt the merchan are fromely as an important in our society's regime by what he theorize about it the ships are including that most of North African sympathizer in the coast to gain entrance from worker the kingdom has an opportunity become an expansionist of interest and commercial friendly but a while that Abu is frustrated to north but he think about lately year to had the plan strategic to be done under influence' and enjoy life is what in the north coast and central Casablanca is leading a force very well to key economic trading none for it' and both announce itself' are developing a production is what the merchan gave food in the seouk (marketville in our towns) and gain precious object in exchange Abu admire himself he is great at power' and sizing the kingdom come to North Africa a lot several time the merchant gain textiles religious and stuff which they are paid an ongoing construction is being announced a university is up in al Qarawiyyin (University of Madrassa or just al Qarawiyyin) they both that the Moroccan took over from romanization and introducing of different orthographies who had an influence strongly scholar and academic among the subject taught regardless from what now Abu himself' think fully he would gain control of North Sahara at maintenance work important so is would be in friendly atmosphere to remove the expediton of hostility with Sahwaris tribes and among native Berber is considerally that the kingdom is speak Berber influence and Arabic while We gain that Abu want to establish the University of al Qarawiyyin to have a good university from textiles and studies of development to' had relation discusion, scholar and language learning toward across the kingdom from this construction university at that point. (Mod reponse).
  • Nasr Sultanate: Ibn Muslim begins to work on bring stability to the Sultanate by first working on reorganizing and fixing the trade routes from Jerusalem to Damascus. He begins this by hiring mostly poor workers from the Sham and Palestine region to work. With the famine easing, trade is slowly converted back to normal things. Trade with Ethiopia halts as popular revolts break out. Trade begins via the Mediterranean Sea with the Roman Empire. Ibn Muslim flees to Amman. The many religious debates begin to rotate around news of two Caliphates being formed, one in Baghdad and one in Hafsid. Abu Muslim leads his army of 30,000 against John of Siret. (Algo needed).
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": Neue Königlich-Lotharingische Marine receiving money from Tripolitanian merchants who use Vlootleen and Scheepbouw laws, Begins to build some ships designed for Ostsee trade. These ships being called Kariebal (Caravel), this ship being lighter and faster then the Jersey cog. The one disadvantage of this speed is the lack of storage room and fragility, these ships due to their manner being ideal for Baltic trade. This comes from the speed as these ships can deliver time sensitive goods well within time, although not much of it at the same time. These boats coming to Lotharingia and her traders due to the African Crusade, as these lighter and faster ships were the few that Hafsids and Nasr sultanate merchant fleets used. As the fragility is less of an issue in the Mediterranean, then in the Baltic as the Mediterranean is a calmer sea. The "Rotterdamsche Handels Compagnie" building and designing a couple of Baltic Kariebals, as Rotterdam is closer to the Baltic Sea. While in Amsterdam a new trading company "Amstelse handels unie", which is a small and local trading company which focusses on bigger slower ships which recruits from the poor. These companies are often recruiting from orphanages and the homeless, as they are more then willing to travel Europe. While in the "Den rote hand Copagnie" offers 220 pounds of gold, and ten percent of all toll money to  the Maranid Sultanate yearly for a lease over the island of Mogador Island. The Company even offering to build all needed to keep the island well and going. (Maranid Response). As the Company want to use the island as a refreshment port, for merchants going farther to the south, and to offer the refreshment to others and the profit it bring with them. In Bruges the Königliche Lotharingische armee is ordered to stay on the Current Bruges-Ghent line, until new orders are given. As the current situation, is hoped to be resolved with diplomacy instead of war. In Aachen emperor Feinsan begins to change the training of the Praetorian guard for the moment being, with history and language becoming more important, this with added pay is a move to ensure loyalty. Emperor Feinsan staying quite on the Papal issue, as he does not want to anger more of his subjects or vassals. While in the City of Malines the papal rift does not intervene with the building of the saint Rumbold's church building and funding. As the building of the power is one of the things everyone in Christian Europe cannot disagree on fundamentally. In the small Monostary of Stavelot, the open toll free borders begin to show its effects. As the region slowly begins to increase her income by trade and taxes, new traders using the area for trade as now they're no longer stopped for border and toll controls. The monastery practicly now being ruled as if it was part of the County of Luxembourg.
  • Abu accepts.
  • Tripolitania: King Sigismund is married to great fanfare in the city of Tripolis to the fair princess, Caitrìona Bruce of Scotland. The wedding is considered to be an important symbol of Tripolitania's influence in Europe, and recognizes the importance that the Celts have in wider European affairs. By the end of the year, Caitrìona is pregnant - bringing great relief to many of the barons who came to Tripolitania with Sigismund, that the succession might hopefully be secured. Prayers are offered for Caitrìona and the royal family in each local parish by priests, and in the larger churches that have been re-established throughout Tripolitania. Efforts by the priests to spread the Africae tongue are slowly coming along, and the priests find that Latin mass helps reinforce the language - despite Africae being a vernacular form of the language. With the Lex Tripolitana coming into effect, King Sigismund appoints an initial Curia of 12 members - four bishops (including the Headmaster of Bari), four leading crusaders who now live in the major cities (Tripolis, Syrtis, Gergis, and Misurata), and four leading crusaders who have settled in the countryside. The 12 men are divided as follows: three from Lotharingia, two from the Papal States, two from Bohemia, two from the Latin Empire, two from Swiss Confederacy, and one from elsewhere in the Holy Roman Empire - although these numbers are not set in stone. This Curia is set to meet annually, largely to oversee the finances of the King and ensure the stability of the realm. Meanwhile, word emerges that Egypt is to send troops to fight the local instigator, John of Sirte, and he is recalled to Tripolis to prevent any trouble between Tripolitania and Egypt (although the results of his rabble-rousing may still remain). Finally, with Hafsid piracy picking up, we send our envoy, Albert von Lachmann, once again to Spain (RESPONSE) to encourage a joint Christian venture against these naval threats to peace and trade. A formal letter is also sent to the Hafsid (RESPONSE) sultan in an effort to get him to cease the pernicious violation of the spirit - if not the letter itself - of the truce that remains in effect until 1431.
  • Georgian Empire: After years of deliberately not sending tribute to his court, Bagrat V renounces the suzerainty of Rostam Mirza. Additionally, as the Shah of Tabriz (Shirvanshah), he declares himself Emperor (Shahanshah) and Master (Padisha) of the Persian Empire. He also justifies his claims by citing his Ilkhanid ancestry from his grandmother, Oljath. He reinforces the fortifications of Tabriz and Ardebil in Azerbaijan. Bagrat V leads 30,000 troops to take Tehran, which he intends to use as a base to eventually capture Esfahan. Of the 30,000 troops, 25 percent are lancers, 50 percent are mounted archers, while the rest wield handguns or man artillery. The ranged troops (foot archers and handgunners) organize themselves into nine consecutive rows at the front, their flanks are secured by mounted archers. The lancers are placed in reserve. When fighting a field army, the ranged troop's fire volley’s (firing their weapons row by row in a kneeling or standing position. Meanwhile, horse–archers assault enemy flanks. The lancers deter any attempts to outflank Georgian troops. As soon as gaps in enemy formation are found or made, some lancers charge at the enemy vanguard (in the wedge formation, as to maximize shock). Meanwhile, the horse–archers, as well as a smaller continent of lancers fighting individually, attack both the flanks and rear – effectively encircling and entrapping the enemy. Tehran, which does not a defensive wall, is assaulted from three sides – with two army groups attacking from the “front”, and a third army group outflanking the city and attacking from the “rear”. Meanwhile, Bagrat V sends Rustam Hulagusvhili (not to be confused with Rostam Mirza) to conquer northern Mesopotamia, which is under the vassalage but not direct control of Rostam Mirza. He uses the large Christian (Assyrian) population as a fourth column. Rustam also leads with 30,000 troops and fights under similar tactics. However, the troop composition is slightly different: 50 percent are mounted archers, 25 percent are lancers, but only ten percent wield handguns with the rest being armed with pikes to deter cavalry charges. When besieging Mosul, all major gates are blocked with perceived “weak points” in the enemy fortresses being targeted by artillery. The Crown Prince, Anastasios II, is now a young man. Together with his mother Mariam, Anastasios II temporarily oversees Georgian affairs. A serpentine lever is added to the handgun, resulting in the earliest form of “arquebus”. However, these still lack a trigger mechanism.
  • Kingdom of France: Developments in Brittany and Occitania enable France to claim victory on both fronts. The English advance in the north and the Spanish attack on Toulouse are both catastrophic failures. The garrisons at Bordeaux and Toulouse are bolstered with 4,000 and 6,000 men, respectively, to help safeguard against further attacks. In Brittany, Olivier of Penthièvre retreats to the Château du Guildo, with auxiliary forces posted at the Château de la Hunaudaye and other castles, from which he is able to govern the surrounding countryside. A fleet led by Jacques de Châtillon, and supported by a great number of privateers, moves to block and harass the Spanish transports and prevent them from landing troops in Brittany. (algo) Shipbuilding continues in Gascony, with the Landes forest providing the necessary lumber. Negotiations with Henry V see much progress over the Burgundian issue, and the Treaty of London is officially ratified. As part of the compensation clause, Louis XI demands that the Duchy of Burgundy reaffirm its vassalage to the Kingdom of France, and, upon the cessation of hostilities with England, pledge its military service and agree to serve no foreign masters.

1414

The standoff between the Pope and the Holy Roman Emperor continues without much direct action on either side. Boleslaus V of Bohemia accepts assuming the title as King of Germany in Frankfurt, but immediately convenes back to Prague. Boleslaus urges that the Council of Prague should be concluded as quickly as possible, so he can put down the dissenting princes who still favor the House of Luxembourg. Pope Mark II has not gained any new support, but at the same time has been passive toward the situation in Germany. The protestants of Bohemia are generally divided by the recent ruling of the council, with some favoring a compromise with Rome along similar rituals as the Lollard church, and others pushing for complete separation from Rome. The conservatives of the Council bring up the issue of the Books of Wycliffe, whether they should be accepted in the Lollard church or condemned as heretical.

Duke John the Fearless of Burgundy accepts peace with Switzerland, so he can take his remaining 18,000 military and focus on retaking the lands occupied by Lotharingia.

The Spanish navy manages to repel the Tunisian pirates from harassing the cities of Tripolitania. However, being smaller and faster ships they manage to retreat safely back to Tunisia.

Abu Muslim of Egypt manages to assert control back over the region of Cyrenaica. The rebels that deposed Al-Nasr Faraj proceeds to assault the Cairo citadel with their 3,000 troops. They offer Abu Muslim again their offer to assume the title of Sultan if he allows the nobles to rule in an oligarchy.

Cambodia revolts from domination by Dai Viet, and quickly asserts control over the southern coast of Indochina as far as Champa.

Stephen VII of Hungary, in capacity as Duke of Carinthia, is asked to partake in the ancient Carantian ritual of the Prince's Stone: a peasent sitting on the stone asks the prince a series of questions in Old Slovenic, which the Duke must answer correctly.

In Shiraz, Arab grammarian Fairuzabad publishes a complete dictionary in Arabic.

The nobles of Savoy flatly refuses to join the Swiss Confederacy and give up their feudal status. They call on their economic ties to the Papal States and Auvergne for support.

  • The Iroquois Confederacy: We do more baby making. We are keeping make a primitive rune/pictograph writing system which is being improved over time. We start to hunt and move around about nation more. We also start to farm corn, squash and more. We start to sell furs and beads to other tribes. We make more worshiping places around our nations. We start to have more oral and cultural exchanges with each other. We start to trap animals for fur. We start to make a lot of weapons for the future. We build more longhouses around the nation, peace for now is declared in a state of security for the expansive territories of each tribe. We start to train in canoe warfare and keep making giant war canoes. This also develops major cultural connections within the Five Tribes. We also pass down many stories. We have many births during this time. This is the region of Hiawatha.
  • Roman Empire: In an effort to support our allies in Hungary, the Tagmata of 5,000 men is dispatched to cross the Danube and help them occupy the remainder of Wallachia. Basileus Herodotus and Elizabeth I of Hungary are wed in Hagia Sophia, and quickly consummate the marriage. Herodotus continues to push for the empire to increase its trade and naval strength across the Mediterranean. King Janus of Cyprus is approached with an exclusive trade deal in exchange for a guarantee of his realm in its current state. (Mod Response) Basileus Herodotus also begins the search for a wife for his younger brother. He sends envoys to Duke Alfonso II of Neopatria, seeking to marry his 14 year old brother to one of Alfonso’s elder daughters. Alternatively, he extends a similar offer to Bulgaria, but additionally extends an offer of vassalization to the king there. (Mod Response) He also begins plotting to secure the power of the empire in Anatolia, seeking a way to disrupt the alliance between the various Turkish Beyliks. Spies and assassins posing as envoys are sent to the courts of the Hamadids and Karanids. The men inquire about establishing permanent trade outposts and improving the relationship between the empire and the Turks, citing Herodotus’ “disposition toward peaceful trade and prosperity.”(Mod Response) Though the men do not strike immediately, they are instructed to begin riling up support for upstart minor lords, peasant or religious rebellions, or any other form of dissent that might topple one of the leading dynasties. Of particular deviency, maps showing lands belonging to the Beylik of Teke under the rule of the Hamadids and Karanids are circulated within both the Hamadid and Karanid Beyliks. Economically, trade continues to dominate and propel the imperial economy. However, internal production of fine goods and wares also holds great value internationally. Steel production continues to increase with demand for high quality materials in gun and armor making forcing smelters to adapt and innovate. More domestically, grain supplies secured from Egypt and Poland allow for increased population growth and urbanization. Sanitation in Constantinople becomes a topic of concern and the city’s sewer system is extensively rebuilt to accommodate a rising population and reduce the ubiquitous nature of feces and disease.
    • King Stephen VII approves the marriage with Herodetus.
    • Cyprus refuses a deal that would put him under the protection of an Orthodox ruler.
    • Alfonso accepts the marriage, but does not feel he wants vassalization at this time.
    • Tha Beyliks accept trade, suspecting nothing.
    • Tsar Constantine II accepts a marriage with his second daughter but does not accept vassalization at this time.
  • Empire of Ethiopia: With war breaking out between Ethiopia and its vassals, Emperor Tewodros leads 8,000 Chewa warriors into the Ethiopian highlands, aiming to pacify the Kingdom of Kaffa. The 8,000 warriors march toward the southern highlands, where they find 3,500 Kaffa warriors blocking the mountain passes into Kaffa. With the mountain pass funneling Tewodros’s army into a position where their superior numbers won’t matter, the Emperor sends scouts to find any other passes that lead through the mountains. A local farmer reveals such a pass, and the Emperor sends 500 men through the pass to flank Zara Yaqob’s soldiers. After the flanking force gets into position, Tewodros leads an attack on the rebel positions. After engaging the rebels, Tewodros signals for the flanking force to attack, charging the rebels’ flank while the Emperor attacks their front. Being attacked from both sides, the rebel forces collapse, and Emperor Tewodros chases down the enemy army, slaughtering thousands of retreating troops. In the aftermath of the victory, the Emperor finds his brother’s body on the field, trampled by his own men as they fled the field. The Emperor sends riders throughout the Kingdom of Kaffa, declaring that all nobles and settlements have six months to declare their fealty to him or have their lands forfeit. With most of the Kingdom’s forces defeated, many of the Kaffa nobles come forward to pledge renewed fealty to the Emperor. The Emperor annexes the Kingdom into the Empire, appointing an Imperial governor of the region until it can be more thoroughly integrated into the Empire. In Ajuran, the Christian forces attempt to march north to link up with the Emperor’s 4,000 Chewa forces marching into Ajuran. The Emperor’s rebellious brother, Yeshaq, seeking to prevent the two forces from linking up, decides to attack the Christian Ajuran forces, and successfully ambushes, wiping out 1,000 men, one-quarter of the Christian forces. The Christian forces retreat to a hill, where they are besieged by the rebel Somali forces.
  • Iceland: After losing his second wife, the King secludes himself in Science and after many sleepless days he proposes that the Earth is a giant magnet and thus we don’t float into the heavens. The King sends many more grants to Greenland, along with 30 militia troops to act as a police force. The Crown Prince Andrés Heinrich is taught by the greatest Icelandic Minds. The Extra 1,000 troops recently acquired last year are sent to support Swiss in their War. Using horticultural glass provided by the Irish and Scottish glass houses are constructed in the eastern settlement of Greenland to grow carrots, broccoli and beetroot which should shelter them from the frost and allow them to grow while a barrier of infant trees is placed around the settlement to grow in size and shield the settlements from winds. Labourers travel over on constructed Oighear's in the summer to build new additional earth insulated barns and housing for animals and people. The amount of cattle is increased while clover is introduced as a crop being grown to be used as winter fodder for the cattle. The amount of water and ice fishing is increased using supplies from Scotland and Ireland. The change to increase fish and meat as well as eat foods which grow better in cold conditions should help keep the population of the eastern settlement fed.
  • .Marinid Sultanate: A problem has been figured out in, the south Moroccan part complex process of acculturation and rebelled out from the tribes a sub-tribe of the Maqils show up were called by the local ruler of the kingdom know as itself' Abu (Abu Sa'id Uthman III of Morocco) mainly in the river of draa river is being occupied by them the expansionist show up Abu and his army would lead a force of 15,000 men and Berber local force on the combat zone in south of Maghreb at in our homelands to sizing out along surrounding by coast and river as well in the Altantic's time-post coastal thus is really a problem to gain economy in Morocco's generation of this century Abu decide he would attack the Maqils rebel whos against him of the influence of economy and authorities to keep among the population at risk poorly unorganized his army end up at draa's part to fight the tribes and conquer who are in of his sides and besieged by Abu' from himself well throught that the kingdom defeat some tribes hostile across the kingdom with many Berber nobles to trap from them' they gain access at central (south-central of Morocco) and stragetic them up succesfully in North Africa' but, oh well. A souk of merchants is well admired that people buy object in our own administrator's position and grow foods and oils provided by the arabs as well thankfully to them! thus is make Abu happy about the key economy of seriousness issue 1,000 people among march in the port to developed and workout together among the locals delegates in Smara. The city are preving up to join the attack of Maqils' side and Sahrawi at this point but in the south border is a finest of economy and religious relation to treat with them' seeking from it Abu would think a rebellious dangerous would come of kingdom of tlemcen and destroy it among the Maqils people oum er-rbia river is being securised in a high border and functionally of maintenance of Africa's influence traditional who ensconced himself in Fez by the term Abu Sa'id Uthman III and his march amry arranged a diversionary in Sahara's border to Maqils up dispatching a marinid fleet to support the arab in east' he up them to seize and manage them anyway the souk city gain a lot of supplies from Europe and east the castle is like a port of entrance in the country is because is increased a lot economy and popular of money of what we had that settlement show up the construction of the kingdom and organization was agood achievement' a port is constructed in the east coasts over by the coast and surrounding to built cities and among souk as eat the population and gave new birth which is love by Abu and his own fidel's influence supportable of peace. we need reponse from the attack, please. (Algo).
  • Kingdom of France: In the naval battle of Saint-Nazaire, Jacques de Châtillon managed to prevent the Spanish from landing troops in Brittany, at the cost of just over one-third of his own fleet. Despite the losses, the victory means that France has strategic control over the mouth of the Loire river, which is the gateway to Nantes. To capitalize on this, Louis XI moves 22,000 men out of Normandy and into southern Brittany, leaving 8,000 behind for defensive purposes. The army first camps at Angers, then surrounds Nantes, while the navy blockades it from the coast. A siege is brought against the city, with siege engines and wheeled gun carriages. The engineers of France pioneer a new type of cannon, known as the couleuvrine (culverin) or "grass-snake", based on primitive hand-bombard designs. The first prototype of this gun is known as the Murderer and is deployed to the Siege of Nantes. A major development in the Roman-German schism occurs as most of the French clergy are persuaded to follow the example of their peers in Verdun, Liege, Poitiers, Le Puy, and Dublin to support the true Pope Mark II. This lends much-needed weight to the Trier Papacy. With the Swiss Confederacy effectively out of the war and relations with them cooling over the Catholic crisis, the 5,000 Frenchmen, after securing the city of Mascon, detach from their ranks and march north to support the Lotharingians in Flanders. With Portugal entering the war, Portuguese ships are brought in to reinforce the blockade of English Brittany. Seeing as there may be friction between Portugal and the Papal States, 1,330 troops are sent to Gordes to reinforce the existing city guard there, for the protection of the royal members who are residing there.
    • French Diplomacy to Lotharingia: A French delegation arrives in Antwerp to reaffirm the Franco-Lotharingian alliance and offer support in the Lotharingian struggle to secure their rightful claims in Flanders.
    • French Diplomacy to Portugal: French diplomats travel to Lisbon to reaffirm and invoke the Franco-Portuguese alliance. They request the assistance of the Portuguese navy.
    • French Diplomacy to Burgundy: As part of the compensation clause in the Treaty of London, King Louis XI asks Philip III of Burgundy to cede the County of Mascon (Mâcon) to France. He also requests that Anne of Auvergne no longer be required to pay fealty to the Duke of Burgundy for the County of Forez. Instead, it should be placed under the Dauphinate of Auvergne. The king also demands monetary reparations be made for the unlawful killing of his son. (Mod Response).
      • Duke Philip the Good concedes to these demands in order to not get caught in a two front war, including the monetary payment
  • Hafsid dynasty: Inspired by the former Almohad Caliphate and the long-lost Achaemenid Empire, architectural design is borrowed in pursuit of a more heavenly scene in the Ifriqiyan Caliphate. Defenses begin built along the Hafsid-Tripolitania border, with specific fortresses being built in قابس (Gabes) and الجديدة (Matmata). Amir Abu al-Aziz II sets aside a large budget for the contruction of the كلية الفنون الجميلة (Academy of Fine Arts) in تونس‎ ' '(Tunis), which continues construction this year, mostly by slaves. Upon receiving a letter from the Afro-Asiatic Killer Sigismund in Tripolitania pleading for his nation's life after the revival of piracy along the Barbary Coast, Caliph Abu al-Aziz II decidedly hands over control to the navy to his Grand Vizier, Abdul ibn al-Sayed, who accepts the French diplomacy of mutual naval support, as although very different, in many ways the goals are very similar. Caliph Abu al-Aziz II continues his sense of rememberance toward the Truce, albeit replying via letter that he does "... not know what King Sigismund of Tripolitania is talking about. Piracy has never been funded by the Caliph at any period, not to mention the current navy is still recovering from the previous conflict ..." Amir Muhammad III continues his studies at the University of Timbuktu, expecting to remain in attendance until 1417. Due to friendly relations having been kept with the Kingdom of Tlemcen, Amir Muhammad III is offered to take one of the beautiful daughter's in Sultan Abu Malek I's lineage to be hers, elaborating it as a 'step toward more friendly relations and a positive bringing together of two sovereign kingdoms.' (Mod Reponse Needed). A defensive military alliance is offered to the rightful Nasr Sultan, Abu Muslim. (Nasr response needed).
    • His daughter Fatima is given to the Hafsid Sultan for marriage.
    • Nasr Dip: Abu Muslim agrees to a defensive military alliance.
  • Kingdom of Eiru: Since the Bishop of Dublin decided to support Pope Mark II the Kingdom of Eiru goes along with his advice based upon the sceptical election of the Spanish pope. Supplies continue to be sent to Iceland to help keep Greenland alive. The fortifications and improvements of Ireland's ports is finished now. Further land enclosure in Tir Eoghain, the Pale, MacCoughlan, Desmond, Thormond and Kearney. Work is finished on constructing a series of lateral canals with locks to create a navigable passage for barges from Lough Ree to Lough Derne with locks being constructed further up stream to make the river navigable up to Lough Allen. Land begins to be reclaimed at Upper and Lower Lough Erne through the use of dykes and drainage canals to remove much of the water and channel it elsewhere. The new naval base at Cork is completed with the fleet based at Cork comprising some 15 galleys and in times of war can be supplemented with merchant ships such as cogs. The chain boom exists at Camden and Carlisle and is protected by the fortifications there. Continued training in the use of longbows amongst freemen.
  • Kingdom of Portugal: After having meet with the French ambassadors, Queen Cirí declares an intervention in the Spanish-French war on the side of France, the 20,000 strong army is mobilized and is put to defend the forts in Portugal and not do any offensive operations. Meanwhile, the Portuguese navy is readied for action and Princess Triss and the crown prince are sent to Gordes if Portugal should fall. Meanwhile, we decide to support the German pope in this papal crisis. After receiving news of the queens excommunication, Portuguese people all over Portugal are seeing singing the national anthem and reciting their oath to their queen.The natinal guard in Gordes are readied for any potential papal attack.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": On the Lotharingian Channel island of Mont saint michel, Prince Henri orders the building of new fortifications. The wall running from the small port of the island to the lightly inhabited spaces, As Henri belives this island togheter with Jersey are under treat. As the islands lay in between the French and the English continental holdings, and Henri not wanting them to be used by either side and thus endangering trade. Trade that now is eased due to the "Den rote hand Copagnie" gaining a land lease over جزيرة موكادور Which the company calls the island Mukadoor, which is easier to prenounce for the merchants. The merchants arriving on the island for the first time since the land lease started a year before, the merchants mostly building local infrastructure. The Lease being designed as a quick stop to go further but with less utilities then الصويرة (Essaouira), as this is mostly meant for minor repairs, bringing the sick to hospitals and providing the sailors some needed fresh food. A small port being built consisting of one wooden deck being made on the island. The "Den rote hand Copagnie"  hiring native Maghrebis for large portion of the construction work, as there aren't enough cheap labourers in the company to do such work. While the "Den rote hand Compagnie" increases influence in Africa, while the  "Rotterdamsche Handels Compagnie" gains influence farther north. "Rotterdamsche Handels Compagnie" making use of the treaty of Caernafon and the ports of Norwich, Colchester and Great Yarmouth, to have trade with England, Norway and and the Baltic. The RHC even trading with scotland and wales, as to buy and sell fish, salt and cloths to these places, Lotharingia having high demand for high quality wool and dyes. "Amstelse handels unie" being a loser more insurance like company compared to her competition, as the AH membership is a guarentee of quality of products. Thus anyone who sells goods Under the "Amstelse handels Unie" sells goods that are of a certain approved quality, with Amstel Masters checking the quality. While the "Messenkempher compagnie" begins to increase their forging of cannons and even some Match cord cannon-guns, these guns being heavily used by the Königliche Lotharingische armee. A Königliche Lotharingische armee that is readied on the Bruges-Ghent line, as the Burgundine army begins to ready her troops up to the Bruges-ghent line. The Lotharingian army recruiting from reserves another 7,000 soldiers, 4,000 soldiers for the Flemish front and 3,000 for the Imperial Burgundy front. This giving the Lotharingische armee in Flandern 14,000 soldiers and the Armee Burgonden 8,000 soldiers. The Lotharingische armee in Flandern building digging ditches and placing anti-cavalry spikes to defend the city, until news of French has entered Burgundine territory. The Senatus Regus Lotharri even ordering 50 Jersey-cogs to blockade the Burgundine coast and trade. While Emperor and King Feinsan hearing of the French offers to renew the Franco-Lotharingian alliance, requests the Convoy to have the the alliance signed in Person by Both the King of France and Lotharingia (French Response). This is as Feinsan want to talk in person as to discuss the war and other isues which plague trade and military cooperation between the two kingdoms. In Aachen Pope Mark II apoints Jean de La Porte as abbot of the Mont-Saint-Michel Abbey. as the Previous abbot has died the year before. Pope Mark II sending letters both to the King of France, Ireland and Portugal thanking their kings for their recognisition of the Pontifex Maximus. While on the wadden islands he recognised the Messengers of Saint Columbanus. the pope even praising on their charitable work.
    • French Diplomacy: King Louis XI is busy leading the Siege of Nantes, but his son, William Capet, is sent to sign the treaty. Also, France opens trade with the Amstel merchant company, seeing their quality goods as preferable to those of their rivals.
  • Musulman (aka Nasr Sultante) Emirate: Ibn Muslim begins to work on bring stability to the Sultanate by first working on reorganizing and fixing the trade routes from Jerusalem to Damascus. He begins this by hiring mostly poor workers from the Sham and Palestine region to work. With the famine easing, trade is slowly converted back to normal things. Trade with Ethiopia halts as popular revolts break out. Trade begins via the Mediterranean Sea with the Roman Empire. Ibn Muslim sends an envoy to the Hafsid asking for help in forming a united North African naval force (HAFSID PLAYER RESPONSE). Abu Muslim and Al Haji armies march into Cairo with the goal of crushing aneeded?). With Abu Muslim stating that " Men have died in Sham and Iraq for a Sultan that cannot even rule Egypt, while greedy oligarchic Khariji make a vile rush for power have convince me that the collapse of order can only be prevented with new eyes."
    • Hafsid Dip: Grand Vizier Abdul ibn al-Sayed, although currently having a large portion of the navy active in raiding Spanish ships, agrees that a united North African naval force would be a supreme addition to the regional security in the region, further suggesting that the Marinid and Tlemcen's navies (if they exist) be added as well to this naval force and defensive alliance (Marinid/Nasr/Mod Response Needed). With this, two galleys and seven cogs are sent to the Nasr Sultanate.
  • Swiss Confederacy: As the Treaty of London establishes peace between the Swiss Confederacy and Burgundy and grants Mâcon to France, the Swiss soldiers and mercenaries withdraw from Mâcon back to their home nation. Amadeus V, Count of Geneva is displeased with John of Burgundy getting off with what he views as an overly light punishment for having Amadeus's nephew killed, but is left without any power to enforce his view as the Swiss soldiers leave following the orders of Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg and the soldiers from Savoy, Arles and Iceland return to their home nations, and so Amadeus V reluctantly starts to journey back toward Geneva. The territory gained from Burgundy in the Treaty of London, the southeastern part of the County of Burgundy stretching from Pontarlier to Saint-Claude, is incorporated into the Swiss Confederacy as the Canton of Pontarlier. A commander from the joint military is appointed burgomaster, and Bishop of Lausanne Guillaume of Challant, Bishop of Geneva Jean de Bertrand and some priests from the Western Church of Unterwalden travel to Pontarlier and Saint-Claude to help stabilise the region and integrate it into the Confederacy. The joint military of the Swiss Confederacy mainly focuses on recuperation in the wake of the Burgundian campaign and the Raron conflict, but some soldiers also work on fortifying Pontarlier and Saint-Claude to help secure the new Canton of Pontarlier. Domestically, the government also mainly works on repairing towns in the Cantons of Sion and Bern from damages caused by the Raron conflict and aiding the integration of the Canton of Pontarlier. Anna von Lenzburg, regent of Savoy, is frustrated by the insubordination of the lesser nobility of Savoy and thus decides to visit her namesake Anna the Dauphine of Auvergne, proposing to put pressure on the insubordinate nobles by creating a trade agreement between Savoy and Auvergne in which Auvergne would only trade directly with the County and not with the lesser nobles who refused the proposal to join with the Swiss Confederacy. (Scotland/Auvergne response). The six bishops of the Swiss Confederacy jointly denounce Antipope Mark II as a mere political puppet of Lotharingia and continue to affirm their support for Pope Benedict XI. Additionally, the Central Council announces their support for Boleslaus V of Bohemia as Holy Roman Emperor as long as Vincent of Lotharingia continues to support Antipope Mark II. Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg and the Central Council is displeased with King Louis XI of France's decision to support Antipope Mark II, and thus will not support France in its current conflict with Spain for the time being. Ulrich VII also sends an envoy to King Francis III of Spain, proposing that the Swiss Confederacy and Spain should work on improving their relations, especially given the current papal schism in Europe against Pope Benedict XI who is from Spain and the fact France is supporting Lotharingia's antipope. (Spain response). As King Henry V of England had moderated the Treaty of London that established peace between the Swiss Confederacy and Burgundy, Ulrich VII writes to Henry V and proposes Blanche of Geneva-Lenzburg (b. 1396), daughter of Amadeus V, Count of Geneva, as a bride for Henry V. (England response).
    • Scottish/Auvergne Dip: Robert II as caretaker for his son's domains in France agrees to the proposal of Anna von Lenzburg. (The Duchy of Auvergne is a different state from the Dauphinate of Auvergne.)
    • Hispanic Dip: King Francis III of Spain gladly agrees with the suggestion of Ulrich VII to improve relations between our states and he suggests to Switzerland for both our great states to work together against the Heretic French King, asking them to dispatch troops to assist us in the war against France, specifically in the siege of Toulouse, promising great riches/rewards for the Swiss Confederacy if they assist us against this Heretic. [Swiss Confederacy Response].
    • Scottish/Auvergne Dip: We plea our Swiss allies and especially Count Amadeus V of Geneva, our relative, to join us and the Hispanians in this war against the Heretic King of France, Louis XI.
    • Swiss Diplomacy: At the urging of both Robert II Bruce and King Francis III of Spain, Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg and the Central Council decide to aid the cause of Pope Benedict XI aganst Antipope Mark II by pledging the use of 4,000 Swiss mercenaries to aid King David III of Scotland in Toulous. More Swiss troops will be supplied the following year once they have had a bit more time to recuperate from the conflicts of Burgundy and Raron.
  • Papal States: Pope Benedict XI isn’t surprised by France and Ireland supporting the antipope Falkenstein, but he feels betrayed that Portugal, an Iberian nation, is doing it. Then, the pontiff excommunicates Queen Círi of Portugal as a schismatic and declares the Portuguese throne vacant. He says that Queen Ciri is a witch and will drag the soul of his subjects to Hell. Benedict XI also denounces Falkenstein as pagan and heretic for supporting the Messengers of Saint Columbanus, a group of squirrel worshipers that live under the protection of Vincent of Lotharingia. The pope calls all Christians to repudiate this degenerate who just wants to mock the Holy Catholic Church. With Guillaume V of Roran being declared guilty, the pontiff accepts the proposal of the Icelandic delegation and punishes him with forced labor. Guillaume is deprived from his ecclesial position and will be forced to build churches and schools for the rest of his life. Benedict XI also declares that the punishment for corrupt priests will be compulsory labor while imprisoned. Their work will be used as a way to atone for their sins. The labor will be extracting rocks from mines to build churches and homes for the poor. Hoping to finish the Council of Prague as soon as possible so he can deal with the Schism, Pope Benedict XI officially offers the position of sui iuris church to the Hussites under the conditions stipulated by the Council of Prague [MOD response needed, please]. During the Council, the Holy Father creates as cardinals Conrad of Vechta (Bohemia), Otto von Lenzburg (Swiss Confederacy), Jacopo Palladini (Papal States), Henry Bowet (England), Tommaso Perendoli (Papal States), Ari IV Arason (Iceland) and Philippe Leonard Seghers (Tripolitania). Meanwhile, in the Papal States, Cardinal-Secretary Oddone Colonna and the Council of Prelates continue trying to appease the population at the same time that they make plans to finish this Schism in any way possible. In the name of Pope Benedict XI, the true pontiff of the Catholic Church, Cardinal-Secretary Oddone Colonna supports that Savoy be governed in whatever way they see fit. This year, Anna Forti becomes a Mercedine nun in the Convent of Our Lady of Sorrows. Ari Sturlungur continues to study theology and philosophy at the Monastery of Saint Symeon of Trier, in Rome.
    • Republic of Ancona: The Republic continues to support Pope Benedict XI. The economy of the Republic grows due to the trade done with the Kingdom of Arles and Byzantium. New ships are produced in the shipyards of Ancona. After hearing about the problems of the Kingdom of Tripolitana with piracy done by the heathen, the Elders offer five galleys to help defend the ships of the Kingdom. [Tripolitana response needed, please].
    • Tripolitanian Diplomacy: We humbly accept the five galleys, which will join our navy and sail to protect the Mediterranean. Relations with Ancona are enhanced, and greater opportunities to use Tripolitanian ports are extended to the Republic.
  • Empire of Japan: The developments in Fort Koba continue with the noticeable increase in visits from surprisingly Chinese merchants and even settlers. Many hailing from Chinas southern coastal regions and even Taiwan, Fort Koba is quickly transformed from its status as a small trade outpost of Japan into a thriving and growing settlement. Its population has shot up from its roughly 100 permanent residence to nearly 350 with significant Japanese and Chinese groups having built up their housing just diretly north along the coast. This prompts the kommandant of the trade post to put down an order for financial support from the Osaka and Fukuoka. They reluctantly agree having not wanted to turn this into an outright settled territory. The arrival of financial support allows some investment toward expanding the infrastructure to surpport a growing town. As a result of the efforts of the Japanese auxiliary force which accompanied Zheng He, the swathes of new territory and trade partners are brought to the attention of the Emperor and all the Joen and Noble houses. The captain of the Mission, Isoroku Nagata presents his findings and a quick and decisive choice it made to sent charters out to the Trade guilds authorizing their right to trade throughout the various regions. Each of the Major trade guilds, known simply as the Zaibatsu now, is given a major trade region to organize and specifically target. The zones of influence are established as such. The Sendai and Niigata Zaibatsu are given right to trade in Northern and central china respectively. the Sapporo Zaibatsu with association of the Manzhu Trade guild would share dually the rights to trade with the Hordes and less civilized denizens of the northern regions with a ratio of furs favoring Sapporo Zaibatsu. The Osaka Zaibatsu would receive the highly profitable Taiwanese and Southern Chinese regions for trade. Hiroshima would be granted exclusive right to trade with korea. Kumomoto and Fukuoka respectively receive the Developing Majahpahit trade region and Azuma Chiheisen Islands (finally came up with a Japanese name for the Philippines). The reorganization of trade is met with some hostility, however. It removed some of the competition of the trade and also doesnt address various concerns regarding overlaping traders in the regions. However, they are left in silence as literally every other faction in the country is arrayed against them in a broad coalition to prevent their saying no. The begrudgingly agree to restructure the trade regions and expect to be done within five years. This effectively creates what are now being called the Kemmu Boekiho (the Kemmu Trade laws) which are a codified reflection of the trade regions with ability to amend and change the trade regions and with an ability to add more in the future. The growing independence of the Daimyo gives the emperor some pause. However, thanks to their support in the codification of the trade laws he refuses to interfere in the attempts to assert more internal control. The development further of the roadway system in Hokkaido continues with further lengths of road extending to most of the notable towns and cities (albeit generous to call them that). This spurs on some further organization and development of Hokkaido with previous unused or underused lands falling under control of Freement or the Tachibana/smaller Daimyo.
  • Kingdom of Scotland: Robert II Bruce, the glorious hero of the Welsh War of Independence, raises 8,000 men in Scotland in support of the actions of his son in France, transporting them across the sea, using the entirety of the Scottish navy under the command of Admiral Hugh Murray landing in our city of Boulogne, one of his son's possessions in France, coordinating his actions with the army of the Duke of Burgundy in the area against Lotheringia and France potentially. Supplies continue to be sent to Iceland to help keep Greenland alive. King David III strive to continue the legacy of his father, to be regarded as a fair King by his subjects, in a bid to ensue his legacy for posterity. He tries to arbitrate between nobles and peasants alike trying to solve disputes as fairly as possible his capabilities allow him to. David III's son Edward continues to grow, developing his abilities under the loving care of his father and his mother. Our shipbuilding program is put on hold once again, now that war restarted. However, over the course of the last decade, we have managed to construct Hulks, Picards and Cogs to gradually replace our Birlinns, Oighers and Longships, taking our lessons from past wars as they were mostly useless in naval engagements against their more modern counterparts. That has brought our fleet to a total of 14 Hulks, 32 Cogs, 41 Picards. Örebro Union trade flow into Scottish ports is disrupted by their ongoing civil war, instead their competitors such as the Hanseatic League and Hispania come to fill the gap, as trade with England had been mostly shut down from the Welsh War of Independence onward. King David III uses his scribes to put them together in a single tome, who he stores in the royal library, along with the original records. He also makes multiples copies of Henry Sinclair's tome, who becames a best seller among the nobility. The profits from these tomes are given to the Sinclair's descendants. Enboldened by the proclaimations, individuals such as priests in the Celtic Lollard church and the Catholic Church offically enourage their congregations to add a prayer for the intercession of Owain Lawgoch in their prays, citing the proclamations that depict Owain Lawgoch as a hero and a martyr. The Celtic Catholic Lollard Church continues to distance itself from the Latin English, preferring to use the various different dialects of Celt-rite. They also show their preference for painted icons rather than sculptures. However, since the Celtic Catholic Lollards don't agree with iconoclasism, they prefer to use modest paints of saints and Bible passages. Scottish priests, Lollard Catholics and mainstream Latins alike express tremendous joy over the fact that Owain Lawgoch has been declared blessed by his Most Holiness, Pope Benedict XI. As part of the Scottish revival, the works of John Duns ("Duns Scotus"), our countryman, continue to be studied by Celtic and Latin theologians across the nation. With the defense of the Immaculate Conception of Mary made by John being one of the more read. Since His Most Holiness, the Pope, in essence is appointed by God and creating an Antipope is questioning almighty GOD himself, Cardinal William de Lauder as a representative of the Celtic Lollard Church denounces the vile Anti-Pope Falkenstein.
    • Auvergnat Domains: King David III decides he had enough with this heretic, greedy King, Louis XI who not only does he completely disregards the rights of the French nobility and by extension his own rights (David III's) but also now he disregards the viceroy of almighty GOD himself, His most Holiness, the Pope of Rome, instead scheming to replace him with a false idol, a heretic cardinal who betrayed the Papacy and all that it stands for. This insolence shall not go unpunished. The Auvergnat forces under the command of King David III Bruce of Scotland, consisting of 7,000 men, that have left the camp of King Louis XI of France two years ago, immidietely gather and head for the city of Toulouse from the north, to encircle and siege the city in support of the King Francisco III of Spain's forces there. King David III in his abilities as Duke of Auvergne and the rest of his French possessions declares his support for the Duke of Burgundy, Phillip III the Good (who unlike his father John the Fearless he is well liked by the French nobility, thus a good candinate to appeal to them), claiming that he is the rightfull King of France, asking for an alliance with the Duchy of Burgundy. [​Mod Response​] King David III Bruce of Scotland for the past five years now he has deeply embedded himself into French politics, as jure uxoris ruler of his wife's [Joan II] domains in France, such as the Duchy of Auvergne and the Count of Boulogne inherited in 1404 as with his importance it would be inexcusable not to have done so. He continues to secure the loyalty of several of his new subjects, mostly from loyalty to his wife's [Joan II] House of Auvergne but also by his own right with his magnificence, as the David III has proven himself adept student of French intrigue and politics so far. King David III strive to continue the legacy of his father, to be regarded as a fair King by his subjects, in a bid to ensue his legacy for posterity. He tries to arbitrate between nobles and peasants alike trying to solve disputes as fairly as possible his capabilities allow him to. Since his Most Holiness, the Pope, in essence is appointed by god and creating an Antipope is questioning almighty GOD himself, Cardinal Martin Gouge Cardinal William de Lauder as a representative of the Latin Church denounces the vile Anti-Pope Falkenstein once again. A small Catholic Lollard following from his personal entourage has followed David III to the Auvergnat domains and gradually developed over the past five years now, continuously spreading. Anconan trade flows to our domain, enriching our coffers. We try to hire mercenaries for our forces heading to Toulouse. [​Mod Response​] Robert II asks the support of his wife, Anna d'Auvergne, the Dauphine of Auvergne and Countess of Forez in this endevour against the heretic, greedy and attrocious King of France, Louis XI. A plead is also made to the rest of the French nobility, along with pamphlets and proclaimations, asking them to support the cause of the Duke of Burgundy, Phillip III the Good for the throne of France against this vile excommunicated heretic who now illegally occupies the throne of France, vacant by all means since he has been excommunicated. [​Mod Response​].
    • Philip the Good signs an alliance with the Duke of Auvergne, but does not violate the peace treaty at this time.
    • You manage to raise 2,000 mercenaries.
  • Spanish Empire: With the end of Lucario's leadership, Lucario III steps down from his position as King Francisco becomes of age addressing the council and despite being considered to be very young, his precision and tenacity of righteous genius becomes clear to some as frightening being expressed in his plan regarding the siege of Toulouse. With the combination of allied forces consisting of 55,000 Imperial Spanish Troops around the city, supplies are cut off and by the end of the river, the greatest wave of fire and fury begins as the river leading into the fortified city of Toulouse is set ablaze by flammable substances and oil. Meanwhile, tunnels would be dug under fortifications as the fire flowed to weaken the defenses further as the trebuchets and catapults on the western and eastern sides launched as the longbowmen would use hidden positions to strike men that would flee or launch arrows from the upper parts of the defenses. The city now having a flow of fire into its heart to "cleanse it of its sin" as the King said would storm any openings made by the trebuchets with cavalry and infantrymen as the damaged portions on the East and West Side become vulnerable. Meanwhile, on the Northern and Southern Sides would have any attempting to flee French soldiers from the trap they have found themselves in would immediately be routed by the men now labelling the battle as the first battleground of the "Holy War". Now with the declaration of war given by Portugal, the great blockade begins with the Spanish Armada blocking off Lisbon and various ports while king Francisco writes a letter to the Portuguese Crown stating: "Dear Devil of Lisbon, if you do not free the queen of Portugal from your grasp, i must regret to inform you that by the power of the father and our lord almighty, I shall drown you in the maelstorm of my pious fury. As the very leviathan that you have proven to be, my blade as my forefathers once held high, crafted in Toledo, will slice through the heart of your cult of sinners! By the power of our Holy Father, I will take your cities. I will subjugate your children and raise them to be as pious as those in Rome. I will massacre and devour your armies of heresy and may God have mercy upon their souls. But you, only you, will remain alive. So you may bear testament to my will and ultimate revenge as may god as desired, will decide your very fate!". The Teenage King must now with the power of God and Pious Pride preserve his Empire and the religion he has devoutly sworn to protect since birth. A call is made for the support of The House of Burgundy's claim to the French Throne and as a result of the initiation of the newlyfound Holy War, may they restore god into the place of the French Crown by annulling of the Treaty signed prior. May God Bless the Empire, May God Bless the King! The Spanish armada, a force consisting of 350 ships this time, is send on Brittany to land the 10l,000 reinforcements that were repelled the last time by the French navy, then continues onward to assist with the transportation of Scottish forces across the sea to Picardy/Boulogne.
    • Latin Diplomacy: Due to us being allies we send 3,000 troops, five ships, and a substantial amount of food and supplies to help in their war against Portugal and France.
  • Georgian Empire: Rostam is ordered to attack Baghdad. He embarks for the city with 25,000 troops, leaving the rest (~5,000) to enforce the Georgian control over Mosul and the surrounding area. Tehran continues to be besieged, with more cannons being sent there. However, traditional siege engines such as catapults and ballistas are still used on top of nearby hills to hit targets inside the city walls. Bagrat V leaves Tehran, with the command of the 20,000 troops still besieging it is given to the Amirspasalar, Aghbugha I. Together with 20,000 troops (half of which are reinforcements from Tbilisi), they arrive in Baghdad to reinforce Rostom’s initial attacks. The forces besieging Baghdad, which in total number ~45,000, are comprised of 50 percent mounted archers, 20 percent lancers, and 30 percent infantry and cannoneers. Light cavalry is sent in advance of the main army to burn and pillage the surrounding area, thus depriving the defenders of supplies. They also conduct reconnaissance missions. To deal with any encountered field armies, the ranged troops (the dismounted mounted archers, handgunners, and arquebusiers) and fire volley’s at the enemy vanguard. Their flanks and rear are protected by the light cavalry, while every third man in the line is given a pike to defend against enemy cavalry charges. If possible, the cavalry will be divided into two groups. The smaller group will outflank the enemy, and attack its rear – thus confusing enemy ranks. Meanwhile, the larger group will charge the enemy vanguard to initiate a rout. The first ranks – comprised of lancers, would use the wedge formation to maximize the shock they inflict. The latter ranks would be comprised of saber-wielding light cavalry. If this maneuver cannot be executed, instead, successive waves of mounted archers assault the enemy’s flanks and rear – evading enemy fire using their superior mobility. In between every one of these waves, the lancers charge at the flanks. Once the enemy ranks are weakened (gaps appear) the lancers will then proceed to “mop” the army remnants, while the mounted archers encircle the enemy to prevent escape. Once any field armies are dealt with, Baghdad is surrounded by all sides. Many cannons are used (including several bronze “super-cannons”, though they are mainly used in front of the city gates.
  • Tripolitania: The Kingdom rejoices with the birth of a male heir to King Sigismund and Caitrìona of Scotland, named John (Jan, in the languages of Lotharingia and Bohemia, or Johannes in Africae). As we receive word back from the Hafsids, it appears that piracy will stop targetting Tripolitanian commerce - but the King and his advisors (particularly those in the Curisa) grow concerned about the threats of a more united northern African Muslim presence. Sigismund, hearing news from the Council of Prague, is pleased with Headmaster Philippe Leonard Seghers' appointment as a Cardinal - this being the first Catholic cardinal to have a seat in North Africa for many centuries. While some Lotharingian settlers are unhappy with the recognition of the Pope in Rome, this is a smaller minority - the Order of Bari has broken with Lotharingia over this issue and the rest of the European settlers are supportive of the King's lineage which includes the Premyslid king in Bohemia. Efforts to promote trade begin to pick up, as routes into the interior of Africa are explored in greater detail. However, as all but the bravest merchants fear the Berber savages, the King orders inland traders to be under the protection of the Nubian Knights of Bari. This provides a source of income for the Order of Bari (since the merchants must pay for protection). With this newfound cashflow, construction of inland castles commence. The King, for his part, is more concerned with renovating the fortresses at Gergis and Syrtis, and much tax revenue is directed to these aims. Tripolis, the capital city, is not in need of such repairs, given the many years of knights working on the fortress amidst the Libyan Crusade.

1415

The Ecumenical Council of Prague concludes as the moderate Hussites are satisfied with the articles of comprimise proposed by Pope Benedict XI. Some radical factions still remain, however. Jan Hus himself has mixed feelings about the Council, and writes that it is a great step in the right direction, although some he still has some ongoing disagreements with the Catholic Church.

Pope Mark II in Aachen gains much more support to his legitimacy, as the monarchs of France, Ireland and Portugal now recognize his seat at the head of Christendom. The Pope appoints new Bishops over Lotharingia and parts of France. He declares that the Council of Prague is null and void, having been called by a false pope, and he excommunicates Benedict XI. He invites Jan Hus and some other protestant leaders to negotiate with him privately in Aachen.

Several nobles in France strongly contend against the actions of the King, as they support Pope Benedict. This ends up weakening Louis XI's position in terms of raw manpower.

Boleslaw V of Bohemia, King of the Romans falls gravely ill, and secludes himself after the Council of Prague. His brother, Duke Sigsmund II of Brandenburg, assumes command of the Premyslid faction in Germany, and raises a large army to deal in Berlin to deal with the supporters of Emperor Vincent.

Lacking some confidence in the King of England, a plot at Southampton Castle is hatched between Richard Conisburgh, Richard Scrope and Thomas Grey, hoping to depose Henry V and put Edmund Mortimer on the throne.

Some nobles in Portugal support John the Good, the Grandmaster of the Order of Aviz, should be crowned the new King of Portugal. They cite that there is an apparent "interregnum" since the previous male monarch.

Further unrest continues in Rome during the ongoing papal schism and the absence of Pope Benedict XI. Rumors suggest that this unrest is actually supported by a conspiracy of Jewish bankers from Verona.

The Black Sheep Turkmans offers to join sides with Georgia, and switch their vassalage to Bagrat instead of Rustam. In exchange, they ask to retain their lands in Western Iran and act autonomosly in their own religion and language. Some of the Abbasid Dynasty are captured by Georgia after sieging Baghdad, but most flee as soon as the troops approached the city, surely expecting a similar fate as the sack of 1258.

The revolt in Egypt implodes after the victory by Abu Muslim, restoring control of the government but still leaving the nation in a state of general unrest.

The Patriarch of Novgorod officially separates the Orthodox Churches of the Rus from that of the Greek Orthodoxy.

  • The Iroquois Confederacy: We do more baby making. We are keeping make a primitive rune/pictograph writing system which is being improved over time. We start to hunt and move around about nation more. We also start to farm corn, squash and more. We start to sell furs and beads to other tribes. We make more worshiping places around our nations. We start to have more oral and cultural exchanges with each other. We start to trap animals for fur. We start to make a lot of weapons for the future. We build more longhouses around the nation, peace for now is declared in a state of security for the expansive territories of each tribe. We start to train in canoe warfare and keep making giant war canoes. This also develops major cultural connections within the Five Tribes. We also pass down many stories. We have many births during this time. This is the region of Hiawatha.
  • Empire of Ethiopia: While the Emperor may have defeated the rebels in Kaffa, in Ajuran the Emperor’s loyal Somali forces are totally routed in the first engagement in Ajuran, losing a quarter of their army and being forced to retreat to a mountain where they are promptly besieged. While the second force of 4,000 Chewa warriors will arrive, it may not be soon enough to save the trapped Christian army. Hearing of the plight of the Christian army of Ajuran nobles, monks of the Order of St. Laurentius manage to sneak past the siege and bring with them their holiest relic, the icon of St. Laurentius himself. As dawn breaks, the Somali monks lead a procession through the Christian camp, parading the icon of St. Laurentius before the besieged troops. Many Christian somalis, hearing of the Somali St. Laurentius and his miracles, have their morale raised by the sight. Inspired by the monks, the Christian forces offer battle on the slopes of the mountain, jeering at the Muslim forces below. While Yeshaq does not wish to engage the Christians in battle, preferring to keep them trapped and besieged until they starve or dissolve, many of the Muslim tribal leaders wish to attack. The Muslim tribal leaders argue that honor demands they attack the jeering forces and that since they outnumber the Christians by more than two to one the Muslim troops can’t lose. Reluctantly, Yeshaq agrees to a battle, and on the slopes of the hill the Muslim troops charge the Christian positions. Despite holding the high ground, the sheer number of the Muslim soldiers began to push the Christians back. However, just as it appeared the Muslims would break through the Christian lines and massacre the trapped army, a massive bank of storm clouds formed and a huge rainstorm occurred. The sudden downpour turned the slopes of the hill into absolute mud, making any further attack impossible as the Muslim troops slipped and slid down the hill. Realizing the mud has ruined any chance of victory, Yeshaq calls off the attack, making an orderly retreat to the Muslim camp. However, less than an hour after arriving at their camp, the Muslims heard a loud roaring. As the troops emerged from their tents, they saw with horror a huge landslide of mud, trees, vegetation and more hurtling down the slopes toward them, caused by the sudden massive rainstorm. As the troops begin a panicked flight the wall of mud and debris hits the Muslim camp, wiping out most of the Muslim troops and burying them under a hillside of mud. Only a fraction of the Muslim army survives, along with Yeshaq himself, who leads the shattered remnant of the Muslim army back to Mogadishu. The victorious Christian army, elated and ecstatic with their surprise win, pursue the army and place Mogadishu under a token siege, being unable to fully surround and black the city off. The 4,000 Chewa warriors arrive at the city and help fully besiege Mogadishu. The Somali army credits St. Laurentius with the victory, claiming that the rainstorm which ended the battle and caused the mudslide that wiped out the Muslim camp was sent by God himself, who was alerted to the Christians’ plight by St. Laurentius. Yeshaq, holed up in Mogadishu, is surrounded by 7,000 soldiers.
  • Marinid of Sultanate: Abu come across in the south and his march army on the week against the Maqils tribes the invader the Muslims troop are in route of battle and heroic movement at victory' the ruler the Maqil have been agree with the Banu Hillal to start the revolt on the south of the desert's territory the Moroccan army and Abu defeat some Maqil tribes force and hearing refornt many of these are being hurt by our own army local and one of them are retreat in the south coast due the battle ongoing an event has been outcoming' those tribes start to make a revolt under of an ongoing year battle alongside of Abu he propose that to send calvary and hancanonner of 12,000 of what is request by the army locals leader, while the ruler would itself has the position of his kingdom and gain influence of what someone invade him turn into in a lose retreat demand. The revolt permanently show up the kingdom must the province should be indepence but they see that is a terrible event of massive outrageous people at down of fear Abu himself. the younger son of yusuf would inherited Morocco due a lot reason he manage to survive in a danger revolt at north and south from those influence gain power plus Pious and preferring peace, back in Morocco he sized up to control to the field while rowdy rural nomad and the tribes who availed themselves' of the general breakdown of law and launch a series of bandit raids on smaller town and settlement which the crime and that war would be controlled by the marinids. However, from the vizier would becoming the effective ruler of Morocco with sufi-inspiration religious locals but Abu is the ruler yet so. The city of Fez became a huge occured of full of merchants and great ooportunity is because is that the villager the wall, bridge connecting them with the construction of the built from merchant's asking and delegants to that commerce city while Fez has acquire a new system reputation for Maliki legal scholarship and became an important centre of trade and is was as previously dominating rural aspect lessen anyway Abu had an idea to annex a part of Oujda to gain more control (just as in OTL) would attemph relation friendly economy and such key vegetation, oil and more are well taken from faction request and in echange which Fez that was a majority was a grown outside city and gain supported building of public build ships is well constructed to remnant the realm of our rhomeland at side Abu is proud to fix it many problem at risk of interventing of that revolt. a lot of built from the artisan and paysan took that has come to be typical of fassi architecture and beautiful which is why Casablanca Fez are key of economy of important system.
  • Kingdom of Tondo: Tondo at this point is pretty much focused on its expansion to the Visayas region, the relationship between Tondo and Maynila went back to normal which the tension in the region has died down for now despite the two nations still dislikes each other. Lakan Sukwu issued an order to build a sewage system around the capital city of Tundun to avoid the flood whenever a typhoon hits the capital nor to maintain hygiene/sanitation in the capital. Meanwhile, the new Hindu denomination of Bathala successfully spreads to Caboloan, Cordilleras and Maynila (to counter the Islamization in the region). A lot of Filipino Hindus throughout Tondo have joined this new Hindu denomination. Numerous Hindu temples that is solely in the face of Bathala is being built in northern territories of the Kingdom. Lakan Sukwu also issued an order to build a civil institution that promotes Tondoese history, language (Old Tagalog with ancient Tagalog/Filipino script called baybayin) and culture that is centered around the capital city of Tundun for now. All social class except the alipin (slaves) are going to a university that would be soon called Pamantasan ng Tundun (Tundun University) and it will be handled by scholars and intellectuals that belong to Maharlika class/Maginoo class although it is not mandatory to join the university but the Lakan highly encouraged citizens of the Kingdom - apart from the slaves - to go to the first-ever Pamantasan in the entire Philippine region in order to be educated and well aware of what’s happening inside and outside of Tondo. Lakan Sukwu also issued a tax to ALL social classes (except Maginoo class) for now in order to make the expansion efforts in the Visayas region faster, Lakan Sukwu also explained that the reason why there’s a tax is because Tondo wants to be the one who will lead and unite “Maharlika” (not the nobility class term, "Maharlika" is another term/name of Philippines during pre-colonial era) under one banner in a region full of ignorance, disunity and greed and that Lakan Sukwu knows what he is doing. In the Ibabao region (OTL Northern Samar). Most of the tribe leaders who swear fealty to Lakan Sukwu three years ago have given a privilege to join the Maharlika class and that most of the tribe leaders have become Datus and still retained their lands, because of this integration, the Ibabao region is mostly integrated to the Kingdom of Tondo and the nation itself have claimed the entire Samar Island after extensive explorations in the entire island which lasted for three years with the help of loyal Waray tribes in the Ibabao region, at the same time, the tribe leaders who are now datus - are now generals of their own people which their people (those who are required in the military conscription law) have become part of a new division of the Tondoese army. In the Ibabao region, those who were showing signs of rebellious acts and weren’t loyal to Lakan Sukwu were purged on sight. A new outpost would be created in OTL Calbayog City and OTL Catbalogan City to increase Tondoese presence in central Samar and to subjugate the disorganized Waray tribes the way they subjugate the tribes in the Ibabao region. Biliran Island. An unpopulated island north of Leyte would also begin the process of repopulation by Tondoese settler - mostly alipins who were given a chance to become freemen. In Masbate Islan - after three years of communication with the local populace and the increase of Tondoese presence on the island by transitioning trade ports into settlements mostly in the northern part of the island, the Kingdom of Tondo offered the local populace in the island to swear fealty to Lakan Sukwu in a context to protect the natives from "pirates", especially Visayan raiders from Rajahnate of Cebu and Kedatuan of Dapitan. [MOD RESPONSE NEEDED]. 
    • Most of the tribes on the north side of the island agree to protection.
  • Iceland: The Extra 1,000 troops recently acquired last year are sent to support Swiss in their War. Using horticultural glass provided by the Irish and Scottish glass houses are constructed in the eastern settlement of Greenland to grow carrots, broccoli and beetroot which should shelter them from the frost and allow them to grow while a barrier of infant trees is placed around the settlement to grow in size and shield the settlements from winds. Labourers travel over on constructed Oighear's in the summer to build new additional earth insulated barns and housing for animals and people. The amount of cattle is increased while clover is introduced as a crop being grown to be used as winter fodder for the cattle. The amount of water and ice fishing is increased using supplies from Scotland and Ireland. The change to increase fish and meat as well as eat foods which grow better in cold conditions should help keep the population of the eastern settlement fed. Prince Andrés marries Alana of Scotland in a lavish ceremony and nine months later a boy named “Ólafur” is born and he’ll become King Ólafur IV someday. The Icelandic militia increased to 4,000 troops. (Secret) as the Icelandic nation is deeply pro Papacy we offer the Icelandic Army and a quarter of our blubber production to the House of Avíz (End Secret.)  
  • Kingdom of Hungary and Dalmatia: As Wallachia finally asks for peace, Prince Istvan I. posses his terms: 1) He and the Árpád Family will become the new rulers of Wallachia. 2) Wallachia will become a vassal of Hungary and 3) The current ruling family of  Wallachia, the Bassarab family, will revoke any claim over Wallachia that they have for themselves and all future members (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED). By letting Stephen VII participate in the Prince’s Stone ritual, Árpád rule over the Alpine region is ensured. The Danube is now more extensively used to trade, especially to increase trade with the German states and the east in particular. Furthermore, grain production is increased by giving up common forest area  and handing it out to the peasants. In the Wallachian border region and the Carpathian Mountains, the Csango people are asked to settle in Wallachia after the victory over them, as they would become the new upper class of the nation. The Hungarian clergy and the nobility agree to stay neutral in the Roman-German schism, as this can keep Hungary out of useless wars that will possibly destroy the strong position Hungary finds itself in, as well as the alliances with both pro- and anti-Roman nations. Trade with the Black Sea and Mediterranean nations continues. Constant Army drilling continues, in case Wallachia or a German state decides to intervene in the Hungarian sphere.
    • Prince Mircea of Wallachia accepts the treaty, as does his immediate family.
  • Papal States: Pope Benedict XI is satisfied with the results of Council of Prague and decides to return to the Papal States. However, before going he meets with Jan Hus and discourage him to talk with Falkenstein. The pontiff says that because Falkenstein is a puppet of Vicent of Lotharingia and due to the bad relations between Bohemia and Lotharingia at the moment, Falkenstein can try to capture Hus and use him against his nation, since he is an important person in Bohemia. If Hus decides to go, Benedict XI adivises him to make plans to escape from Aachen if this meeting becomes a trap [MOD response needed, please]. The first thing that the pontiff do after returning to the Papal States is to appease the population. For this he makes Cardinal-Secretary Oddone Colonna his spokesperson to the people of the Papal States, this way showing the influence of the Roman cardinal in his papacy. Hearing about the support of the French nobles for his cause, Pope Benedict XI officialy excommunicate Louis XI of France and gives full support to the French nobles to abandon and depose this man that is corrupting the throne of Saint Louis of France. Ari Sturlungur start to visit the Sistine Library and take interest for the works of John Duns Scotus. Sister Anna Forti starts to participate in the works of charity made by the Mercedines. The report about the Marian apparition of Migliarelli is given to Pope Benedict XI. The apparition is approved by the pontiff with the name of Our Lady of Hope. The Prayer of Hope is also approved. Now that Benedict XI returned to the Papal States, the Societatis start to work in their plans. Seeking allies in between the French nobility, the Habsburg Family sends a letter to Louis II of Anjou asking for the hand of his daughter Marie of Anjou to the young Eric of Habsburg-Sturlungur. She will live with the Habsburgs of  Monte San Giovanni Campano until having age to marry. Benedict XI criticize the English nobles that plan to place Edmund Mortimer in the throne of England. The pontiff says that Mortimer close ties to Lotharingia shows that Vicent of Luxembourg plans place a puppet in England. Benedict XI urges the good Christians of England to not accept this act [MOD/England response needed, please]. After hearing about the support given to John the Good, the Grandmaster of the Order of Aviz, by some portuguese nobles, the pope decides to also supporting him as King of Portugal.
    • Republic of Ancona: The Republic continues to support Benedict XI as the true pope. The Republic continues to prosper due to the trade with Byzantium, Tripolitana, Auvergne and Savoy. Fulfilling the request of Auvergne, the Elders offer 2,000 mercenaries to help in the conflict against Louis XI of France.
  • Musulman Emirate: Abu Muslim begins to reorganize the government replacing many local government officials with Musulman loyalist and family members one being Ibn Muslim. Ibn and Abu Muslim begins to work on bring stability to the Sultanate by first working on reorganizing and fixing the trade routes from Cairo to Aswan employing over 30,000 local workers. The city of Cairo is placed under construction due to the damage done by the revolt. Al Haji begins to reorganize the new Musulman army with NCOs and Generals,basing them in Amman forming the "Amman Military Academy". Within the Amman Military Academy Al Haji begins to work on implementing cannons into the army. Trade is slowly brought back to normal as trade begins via the Mediterranean Sea with the Roman Empire. The Emir sends an envoy to the Hafsids allowing them to use Alexandria as a base of operations and a naval academy. An army led by local military leader Hamaz ibn Jafah marches onto the city of Al Goled (Algo Needed)
  • Mali Empire: The general period of time in the generation after the Keita-Sefawa War was one of the most peaceful in Mali's history since the time of Sundiata. No longer priorotized by either external or internal wars, the Treaty of Kano had helped establish a lasting precedent for the dual political courts of Mali and Bornu. Of course, a critical analysis shows that things were always more precarious underneath the surface. Musa II focused extensively on reforms to art and culture, particularly the historical epics of the illustrious Keita ancestors. This outward appearance largely served to cover up the ongoing logistical issues of maintaining and defending the periphery of the empire, especially the ongoing forced integration and enslavement of pagan populations. At this point, the slave trade in Mali had become one of the largest commodities on the continent, to the point that the supply was beginning to outstrip the demand. The metropolitan centers of Timbuktu, Gao, Dakar, Niani, Kano and Njimi have grown extensively over this generation, becoming some of the most modern cities on the continent of Africa, and Timbuktu quickly rising toward one of the largest cities in the world. The third voyage of Abu Ismail continues to chart the coast of Africa, managing to reach as far as OTL Angola. He attempts to seek new trade partners among the coastal tribes, but so far has not found anything substantial to report back. However, he did write about some tribes who described a vast empire in the south known as "Kanyo" (Kongo). Mansa Musa II sends embassies of gold, salt and slaves to the Muslim dynasties of Maranid, Hafsid, and Bahri. He offers that the four nations should enter a loose military alliance for the protection of the Trans-Saharan caravan trade, and he offers his daughters for royal marriages (MARANID, HAFSID, EGYPT RESPONSE).
    • Abu the ruler of marinid sultanate accepted.
  • Roman Empire: Basileus Herodotus and Elizabeth produce a daughter who they name Sophia. Royal marriages are conducted with Bulgaria and Neopatria. Herodotus’ younger brother, Prince Manuel, weds Anna of Neopatria, firstborn daughter of Alfonso of Neopatria, cementing an alliance and good relations with the duchy. Meanwhile, Constantine, Manuel the Elder’s son is married to Irene of Bulgaria, forming an alliance with our northern neighbor. With strong allies in Europe, Dobruja subjugated, and Wallachia negotiating peace terms with Hungary, the empire has some time to rest from war and refocus on trade and the Anagennisi. Educational investments in the past decades have paid off with a large cohort of literate and mathematically knowledgeable young people reaching positions of higher importance. The administration of the empire benefits greatly in efficiency and speed of work. Additionally, merchants and other economic enterprises have access to a manpower pool of educated workers. The adoption of these educational practices has also propelled the Anagennisi. Sculpture and anatomy develop hand-in-hand as understanding of the human body is used to create great works in marble and improve the lives of the ill. Mathematics continues to be a main emphasis in the Pandidakterion, but strategy and philosophy are also popular topics. An interesting invention is introduced to the Pandidakterion by a merchant trading in Egypt. The device, in essence a small box mounted on a motion-driven dispense, was advertised as being used to more quickly plant a field and is claimed to be from Ethiopia. The curiosity is studied by the academy before being returned to the merchant who purchased it in Alexandria. He sells the device to a prominent land-owner near Constantinople who puts it to use planting his fields. Having made a small profit on the device and with interest from other large-scale land owners the merchant returns to Alexandria to purchase several more of the seed drills for sale in the empire. Commercially, peace leads to profits. Imports of grain from Dobruja resume, reducing costs and allowing for greater profits. Trade with the west fills the imperial treasury and enriches society as a whole. With trade access in Anatolia, merchants from the empire begin to dominate growing export economies in the various Turkish Beyliks. In particular, the Beylik of Teke comes to serve as a major area of export from the interior and a large community of merchants from the empire begins to grow in the city of Attaleia (Antalya). Seeing the large Greek community in the city, Basileus Herodotus privately offers the Beylik a guarantee that the Roman Empire would intervene to defend his realm should he agree to improve the treatment of his Greek and Orthodox communities.(Mod Response). Meanwhile, subversive activities continue in the realms of the Hamadids and Karanids. Specifically, spies attempt to insight the population against the Beylik of Teke over trade disputes and distribute more of the false maps showing lands within Teke owned by the Hamadids and Karanids. Others seek to aid rebellious or seditious groups in opposition to their respective Beys. The other minor Beyliks become the target of trade expansion. Herodotus hopes to bring the beyliks under the economic domination of the empire, while also disrupting the influence of the two most powerful Beyliks. The decision of the Patriarch of Novgorod to separate from the Greek Church is an unsurprising disappointment. Patriarchal envoys do reach out to the Patriarch seeking to establish a formal mechanism of contact between the Greek and Russian Churches, hoping to maintain unity in the brotherhood of faith.(Mod Response). In an effort to stabilize Wallachia and prevent revolt against the Empire's strong ally in Hungary, Basileus Herodotus offers Mircea, former prince of Wallachia, and his family clemency in the Roman Empire, offering to grant them a modest plot in central Anatolia on which they ought to be able to survive quite comfortably. (Mod Response) 
    • Emir Osman Celebi of Tekke sends a cordial response back to Byzantium, not directly stating any request to protection but thanking him for his general support
    • The Patriarch of Novgorod agrees to continue contact
    • Mircea goes to Constantinople
  • Swiss Confederacy: After the soldiers of the joint military of the Swiss Confederacy have had about ten months to recuperate from the Burgundian campaign, the Central Council sends out 4,000 soldiers of the joint military to joint the 4,000 Swiss mercenaries aiding the pro-Benedict XI side at Toulouse, making the total Swiss presence there 8,000 troops. Amadeus V, Count of Geneva, who had been in the process of journeying from Mâcon back to Geneva turns back to become the leader of the Swiss troops at Toulouse at the urging of Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg, albeit a bit reluctantly as he is still frustrated over failing to avenge Victor of Orleans. Ulrich VII contacts Arles and Savoy, urging them to supply troops to aid the force supporting the legitimate Pope Benedict XI at Toulouse against the political puppet Antipope Mark II, similarly to how the two nations had helped in the conflict against the vicious John of Burgundy. (Mod response). The Central Council continues to support Boleslaus V of Bohemia as Holy Roman Emperor because Vincent of Lotharingia is still supporting Antipope Mark II. The Central Council do not currently make any statements on who they think should be King of France, though with their support of the Scottish and Spanish side at Toulouse they implicitly show their displeasure at Louis XI's decision to support Antipope Mark II. Bishop of Chur Henry of Geneva-Lenzburg returns to Switzerland after the conclusion of the Ecumenical Council of Prague, the outcome of which the Swiss bishops and Central Council are generally pleased with, having transported the deposed Guillaume V of Raron to Prague where he is now suffering his punishment. All six bishops of the Swiss Confederacy continue to declare support for Pope Benedict XI as the legitimate pontiff, while denouncing Antipope Mark II as a mere puppet of secular powers of the Holy Roman Empire. Those soldiers of the joint military of the Confederacy that are not departing for Toulouse either continue to recuperate from the Burgundy and Raron conflicts or work on improving the fortifications of the city of Schwyz, where the Central Council is convened. Domestically, the government continues to focus on the integration of the new Canton of Pontarlier that was gained in the Treaty of London, by working on the improvements of infrastructure in the main settlements Pontarlier and Saint-Claude and the roads connecting the Canton of Pontarlier to the Cantons of Lausanne and Neuchâtel. Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg continues to propose to King Henry V of England a marriage between Henry V and Blanche of Geneva-Lenzburg (b. 1396), daughter of Amadeus V, Count of Geneva. (England response). Marie of Anjou-Lenzburg and William Capet have their first child, a son named Henry (b. 1415) in honour of the late Heinrich II, Count of Lenzburg as well as William's sister Henriette Capet. Tragically, Sophia of Württemberg (1413-1415), daughter of Margaret von Lenzburg and Eberhard IV of Württemberg, dies of a disease just before her second birthday.
    • Arles sends 4,000 troops. Savoy is neuteral
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": With France in need of safer trade, the kingdom of France turns to the "Amstelse handels Unie". The Company ensuring a minimum guaranteed quality for all her products, this minimum quality being quite high compared to small local shop. And due to the high tolls France's her enemies have placed upon her, "Amstelse handels Unie" is even cheaper then English, Scottish and Irish. "Messenkempher compagnie" Renames itself to "Hilsitser ijzergieterij" As the name is more general and at the same time clearer what the company does. As "Hilsitser ijzergieterij" is the company once founded by Hendrickus Pisacus, the family renaming the company after his legacy was demaged. The decades after his disgrace, the company was able to stay afloat with local trade. The Company using alot of the Local Nete brown coal for the heating of the Iron as to melt the cannons, while Using Rhenish Lotharingian Iron. The Cannons of "Hilsitser ijzergieterij" being known cheap but effective cannons, which are made to last 1.5 war maximum - which is around five years, as it belives making a cannon last any longer, would only waste resources and make them far more exspensive. One of the cheaper weapons to make is the firelance which is a lance with a small gunpowder charge. This being a very efective weapon for weakening enemy morale, and being very powerfull psychological weapon. Horses running away and men getting very scared by the fire, as they do not like the possibility to be burned. This weapon often being used by Sailers as a last resort weapon to deter pirates, as they are not used to the weapon. "Den rote hand Copagnie" using one of these spears per ship, as to deter any pirates and criminals near Mukadoor Island. As it is feared that Barbary pirates will target ships coming back, as they are filled with Moroccan goods such as spices and gold. Gold and Spices that the Company absolutely adore, as the wealth created by it allows them to Build more Karabielen. As their speed even if not the most ideal are perfect to get people from Mukadoor to Essaouira الصويرة as it is only a short distance. While the Jersey cogs are used to travel the greater distances. In Flanders, while the army of 14,000 is ordered not to advance from the Bruges-Ghent line as the future and possible of peace still lies on the stability of the front and the lack of Bloodshed. Even with this the neue Königlich-Lotharingische Marine, continues their blockade of Burgundine ports. As the King belives that the economy is the true way of beating nations instead of fighting and death. Thus the King of Burgundy is Invited to the city of Ghent to hold possible talks about peace or even just a truce. (Mod response). The King making clear that he does not desire Burgundy proper and only wants lands in the County of Flanders.
    • Duke Philip the Good would agree with a truce if Lotharingia doesn't try to annex land from Flanders.
    • Burgundy Dip: Duke Phillip the Good would agree to give up Artois and Flanders to Lotharingia, on the occassion that the rest of his domains, Burgundy main, is admited to the HRE, along with the Duchy of Auvergne possibly if our ally Scotland wants that.
    • French Dip: William Capet irons out a trade deal with the AHU. While in Lotharingia, he has an affair with a baroness called Gheseken and sires a boy by her, named Joachim.
  • Kingdom of Portugal:Seeing both the Scottish and the Swiss powers join the war on Spain's side, Queen Cirí sees no other option then to peace out with spain.Focusing on the matters at home, after receiving the news that some of the nobles supports her great Uncle John de Aviz, with this in mind Queen Cirí begins planning to tell the truth about him. Queen Cirí seeks that Peter I could not be the father of him as he was out in battle at the time when conception took place.After this the queen to the tomb of Peter I and Queen Inez and aks them for advice. Due to irrevocable differences Queen Cirí asks Pope Mark for a divorce between her and Domnhall. (POPE MARK RESPONSE NEEDED) on the morning of September 1, the young crown prince dies in his sleep at the age of five. Therefore, Princess Triss is once again made the heir apparent.
    • Pope Mark II grants an act of anullment to the Queen of Portugal
  • Hafsid dynasty: Inspired by the former Almohad Caliphate and the long-lost Achaemenid Empire, architectural design is borrowed in pursuit of a more heavenly scene in the Ifriqiyan Caliphate. Defenses begin built along the Hafsid-Tripolitania border, with specific fortresses being built in قابس (Gabes) and الجديدة (Matmata). Amir Abu al-Aziz II sets aside a large budget for the contruction of the كلية الفنون الجميلة (Academy of Fine Arts) in تونس‎ ' '(Tunis), which continues construction this year, mostly by slaves. Amir Muhammad III continues his studies at the University of Timbuktu, expecting to remain in attendence until 1417, of which afterward the marriage between him and Fatima is expected to occur. The Kingdom of Bgayet is offered to become a vassal of the Hafsid Caliphate, citing the status of Tripolitania's existence and the recent Crusades as evidence that Europe is willing to pillage Berber and Afrocentric states along the coast. (Mod Response Needed). An ambitious explorer, known in historical records as Badraan, takes on the journey of traveling around Africa. Inspired by Marco Polo, he deploys a galley in an effort and begins his maritime travels through the west. He eventually finds himself in Mali, coming into contact with a Malian explorer known as Abu Ismail, in which Badraan finds himself in the company of the greater explorer Abu Ismail as they travel far along the coast of Africa. Filled with joy upon the arrival of an ambassador rich in desire sent from the Chad Emperor Mansa Musa II, it seems the Chad Emperor and the Caliph Abu al-Aziz II find similarity in this creation of a pan Afro-Asiatic alliance for the protection of Trans-Saharan caravan trade, accepting the alliance based on principle. Caliph Abu al-Aziz II sends a reply embassy filled with the some of the most high-end literature and paintings, as well as some Christian slaves of European origin. Abu 'Amr 'Uthman continues to be raised by the Caliph's first wife, Layaali.
    • Bgayet agrees.
  • Empire of Japan: The reorganization of the Zaibatsu and other smaller trade guilds in outside trade interaction continues with the various organizations assuming their designated regions as quick as they can in order to maintain trade agreements and other positive contacts in the various regions in which trade is organized. The Imperial Zaibatsu establishes itself in the lucrative Indo-chinese region for trade assuming many of the trade contacts that were established previously. The Imperial army begins a yearly drill in order to maintain is discipline and professional status. However, more recent advances in how the Katana are made prompts a large imperial investment into acquiring these improved swords specifically in their more advanced forms of steel development and a more anchored position within the hilt to prevent snapping or failing of the base of the blade. This sees all the samurai as well having their blades paired with the Wakizashi which is generally used mostly in defense. Imperial investment into the Capital region has properly turned the three cities making up the Province into easily the largest cities in Japan. The territory of Hanka continues to develop with a more proper roadway connecting the border forts/settlements and the city of Aimoi. The City has continues to grow as some Manchus have started to assimilate and join with the inhabitants of the city. It also sees the establishment of multiple wards in the city with a Trade ward, as well as the Manzhu and Japanese wards. A large section of city has also been effectively turned into Garrison housing for the cities imperial garrison and their families. Expansion in Amuraji also continues with its central role in organizing the frontier province becomming abundantly clear. A series of daimyo and freemen are invited to help organize and develop more of the land in the frontier region which is coloquially becomming called "Ussuri" after the local branch of the Amur river. The relations with the Manzhu Khanate to the north improve as a large haul of Furs this year as vassal contribution sees a large profit for the Ussuri frontier province which has secured the rights to collect the vassal taxation from the Khanate. Domestic culture related to the 2nd Heian period continues with more literature and poetry drifting into the cultural sphere with the long form poem known as the Two Daimyo's Tragedy becomming the most notable this year. It details a tragic love story between young lovers of the Hosokawa and Minamoto during the 20-30 year period of the Kenmu Restoration. Kowa finally manages to more effectively establish its presence as it grows to nearly 300 permanent settlers. This prompts the Sapporo Trade Guild to send a direct imperial administrator and guildmaster to help direct development and expand the settlement. Fort Koba continues its own path of growth as well as a large amount of land around the settlement is claimed to develop some lumber and more large scale agricultural lands. Contact is established with the Tribal confederacy to the south and plans are made to develop a trade mission to establish a relationship. The reorientation of the Zaibatsu brings directed trade to Maynilla and Manguinadao with serious inroads established in heavily developing trade partnerships in the region.
  • Duchy of Burgundy: Phillip III the Good, Duke of Burgundy, personally leading his army, along with his father, John the Fearless, raises his 40,000 men once again, declares war to France, believing the time is appropriate to go after his claim for the French throne, King Louis IX has no legitimacy as a heretic, he has been excommunicated so his titles have been declared void, so he addresses the entirety of the French nobility, requesting them to support his rightfull claim to the Kingdom of France against the vile heretic, Louis XI, especially appealing to the most pious among the French nobility, taking advantage of all the outraged among the nobility against Louis XI. [​Mod Response​]. His 40,000 men head to the city of Albi to open the way for the city of Toulouse, that is essential to fall for our war effort to assist the Spanish and Auvergnans/Swiss there against the Heretic King of France, a battle that would in all likelyhood determine the outcome of this war. Since His Most Holiness, the Pope, in essence is appointed by God and creating an Antipope is questioning almighty GOD himself, our bishops as representatives of the Catholic Church denounces the vile Anti-Pope Falkenstein. (More to be added).
  • Kingdom of France: Nantes falls, and with it another chip of English dominance in Brittany. Louis XI is welcomed into the city with much applause. He awards Nantes to Olivier of Penthièvre, the true Duke of Brittany, whose legitimacy has been significantly strengthened. The time for celebration is short-lived, however, as there is a war on. The three armies in Brittany (those of Louis XI, Bernard VII of Armagnac, and Olivier of Penthièvre) converge from the north, south, and east and encircle the English army at Ploërmel. (algo). With Scotland having declared war, Louis XI finds it appropriate to confiscate the holdings of the Scottish king and his dynasty in France. Supplies are continually brought to Toulouse by river routes and highland passes, and 15,000 additional troops are brought in to defend the city from other parts of France, putting the total defense at 19,000 men. The city is fortified and its walls are reinforced with cannon.
  • Spanish Empire: with the last stronghold of the Lanquedoc still held by France, troops are ordered to cross around Toulouse and move toward Albi numbering 55,000 from combined reserves and further support seeing as Carlos despite his failure to take Toulouse just yet sets his sights upon Albi, a place where supplies to Toulouse allow the city to remain steady and function. Cannons, Archers, Cavalry, and Infantry, all being used to the best of our ability to raise morale and continue the war effort. Meeting with our allies, the battle for Albi rests upon the soldiers of our comrades and Our Lord Almighty.

1416

A series of tragedies seemingly happen across Europe and Asia simultaneously. You'll catch on.

Boleslaus V of Bohemia, King of the Romans suddenly dies of illness at the royal palace in Prague. Being near the region, Pope Benedict XI grants his last rites on his deathbed. Having left no children, the title of Bohemia is assumed by his brother, Duke Sigismund II of Brandenburg, who also is proclaimed to be King of the Romans.

That very night, after dining, Pope Benedict XI complains with his servants of stomach pains, and shows a fever. A physician is called, but it's too late. The pope dies during the night. A new conclave is hastily held to elect the next pope. In the midst of ongoing chaos across western Europe, two (unspecified) Italian cardinals switch allegiance to Pope Mark II.

Gilbert Greenlaw is elected the new Patriarch of the Celtic Confederacy. In the midst of the papal Schism, however, his tenure starts with a deadlock between the Markist Ireland and the Benedictine Scotland.

King Sigismund accuses Vincent of Lotharingia for using sorcery to kill off his enemies simultaneously. A story is circulated by monastic chronicles that Vincent regularly consults with sorcerers and demons that appears in the form of squirrels, from which he was given a pact by a demon named "Culo" to assume power over Christendom. Sigismund marches the combined army of 38,000 troops to Aachen to finally depose the pretender.

Jan Hus retires to Lubeck, where he continues his writing of theology and hymns in peace. Jerome of Prague, leader of the radical Hussites, meets with Pope Mark II in Aachen, where he is accepted cordially. The Pope writes an encyclical that outlines his goal of reducing the power of Apostolic See, and investing more authority to secular rulers who are anointed by God and "does not hold the sword in vain".

King Sigismund denounces the attempt by Burgundy to appeal to the so-called Emperor Vincent, who is excommunicated, and by his appeal to his imperial authority Philip is being guilty by association. This also disturbs the nobles in Burgundy.

As some nobles in southern France switch their support to Burgundy, they permit free passage in their lands and allow their armies to reach Tolouse. The Prince of Monaco fully supports Burgundy and leads this faction.

Some peasant unrest begins in Spain around Madrid and Toledo.

The Republic of Venice offers a secret alliance to the Latin Emperor, hoping to use the trade alliance in the Adriatic to further push their presence in the Aegean and reclaim some of their lost colonies.

Lakan Sukwu is called to the gardens by a page on behalf of his wife. When he leaves the palace, however, six men in black robes attack and stab him to death. Their origin is unknown but they were seen in Muslim attire.

Letters from Emperor Herodotus are intercepted by the Karanid Amir, who uses it as justification for subjugating the Emirate of Tekke. The whole of central Anatolia erupts into a brief conflict, where the Karanids and their vassals subjugate the dissenters and effectively unify the region.

John the Good, Grandmaster of Aviz is outraged at the slander spoken against him by Queen Cyrilla. He goes to the Ecclesiastical offices of the Church, even as high as Papal Rome, to get official records on his legitimate birth.

The Republic of Ragusa is the first nation in Europe to outlaw slavery.

The Dutch painters known as the Limbourg brothers, named Hermann, Paul and John, complete their most famous painting, "The Very Rich Hours of the Duke of Berry".

  • The Iroquois Confederacy: We do more baby making. We are keeping make a primitive rune/pictograph writing system which is being improved over time. We start to hunt and move around about nation more. We also start to farm corn, squash and more. We start to sell furs and beads to other tribes. We make more worshiping places around our nations. We start to have more oral and cultural exchanges with each other. We start to trap animals for fur. We start to make a lot of weapons for the future. We build more longhouses around the nation, peace for now is declared in a state of security for the expansive territories of each tribe. We start to train in canoe warfare and keep making giant war canoes. This also develops major cultural connections within the Five Tribes. We also pass down many stories. We have many births during this time. This is the region of Hiawatha.
  • Kingdom of Dai Viet: With the loss of Dai Viet's southern regions to revolt from Cambodia and the unpopularity with the Ho Dynasty due to the their widespread reforms, Le Loi launches a revolt against the Ho Dynasty as the Ho Dynasty is believed to have lost the support of the Heavens. The revolt occurs in Thanh Hoa with the support of locals and a sizable part of the local garrison. Le Loi is rumored to wield Thuận Thiên (Heaven's Will) which is believed to be a gift from the demi god Long Vương (The Dragon King). As the revolt continues, Le Loi uses some of his forces as guerrillas in order to weaken the supply lines coming in from the Northern parts of Dai Viet. Emperor Ho attempts to rally the nobles to his cause in this civil war but does not have much support from them as many including the notable Nguyen and Trinh families have opted to offer their support to Le Loi having fled the capital. The revolt begins to spread across Dai Viet due to popular support for Le Loi since he is rumored to have the support of the Heavens. forcing Emperor Ho to stretch his forces to counter the widespread threat to his reign. His closest advisors are the skilled strategist Nguyen Trai and loyal Trinh Kha who serve as his top advisors and commanders.
  • Iceland: We continue to ship things to Greenland and the Duke steps down to focus on the military. During his visit to his brother in the Papal States Prince Andrés and his Wife have a second Child in the Sistine Library, since he is born in the Papal States they have no use for the kid they name Ari and offer the Headmaster of the University to take him(Papal Response Needed)
    • Papal States: Headmaster Leonardo Da Nacho will take care of Ari as a son.
  • Kingdom of Tondo: The news of the death of Lakan Sukwu I spread across the Kingdom which has finally ended the House of Tondo for good. The position of the Lakan was left open and Sukwu’s wife was executed in the orders of Dayang Kalangitan of House Tondo-Namayan for treason. Dayang Kalangitan proclaimed herself as the first female monarch of Tondo - styling herself as the Lakambini of Tondo which a lot of prominent clans in Tondo didn’t recognize her ascension to the throne. A lot of prominent clans were suspicious of Lakambini Kalangitan and rumor has it that before Sukwu’s assassination, //Kalangitan secretly married Prince Lontok of Brunei, son of Sultan Pateh Berbai who is currently the ruling monarch and the 2nd sultan of Brunei. As this rumor spread across the Kingdom, a lot of prominent houses of Tondo (specifically the Northern Houses) quickly raised their arms to depose the treacherous Lakambini.// The opposition which would be called as the Red Faction is led by Datu Maitan of House of Gatchalian - a prominent Sangley house in Tondo together with Datu Marikit of House of Sambal. Their goal is to topple Lakambini Dalangitan due to her treacherous acts by marrying Prince Lontok of Brunei. Most of the northern territories up to Lihan (OTL Malolos) would fall under rebel control. [RED FACTION SIDE]. Meanwhile, Prince Lontok of Brunei backed by his father Sultan Pateh Berbai of Brunei, his brother Sultan Nakhoda of Sulu and a Bruneian ally Rajah Majul of Maynila assembled their combined armies of 20,000 warriors with the addition of Lakambini Kalangitan’s army of 30,000 warriors who were loyal to the Lakambini arrived in Tundun to crush the rebelling clans which is a total of 50,000 men. A prominent house “House of Capulong” swears fealty to Prince Lontok and Lakambini Dalangitan. [YELLOW FACTION SIDE]. The expansion efforts to the Visayas region were halted and most of the trading ports in the Tondoese-controlled Visayas (mainly in Masbate Island and northern Samar) steer their trade DIRECTLY to Tundun. The capital of Tundun would be heavily fortified with 12,000 men that is led by Lakambini Kalangitan.  The conflict began as Prince Lontok and Rajah Majul of Maynila marched to Lihan with 38,000 men equipped with leather armor to crush the rebel forces numbering to 30,000 men which is the rebel capital. Most of the Maginoo class, mostly Tondoese Hindus and one-half of the nobility would side with the Red Faction and the Red Faction is more popular to the Tondoese public opinion than the Yellow Faction. 150 ships combined by Bruneian, Sulu, Maynilan and Tondoese (Yellow Faction) navy blocked the rebel coastal city of Oloninapo and the coastal cities of Kingdom of Caboloan. The War of the Tondoese Succession has begun between the Yellow Faction (Lakambini Kalangitan’s faction) backed by the Bruneian Empire, Sultanate of Sulu and Rajahnate of Maynila versus the Red Faction (Datu Maitan’s faction of House Gatchalian) backed by Kingdom of Caboloan.
  • Marinid of Sultanate: Abu fought with the Maqils before, they don't recognized that he took the throne of the position in the kingdom among the revolt they played a regionally significant role in fighting on us as theoretically of those effort led by their own chief were more controlled central of the conflict of what is ongoing and second, and they dominate a south part of what we going tp march on it led by Abu and his own local army which would the Maqils would thrief an alliance between some Berber tribes (just as in OTL) the kingdom promote some social authorities and friendly relation of trades quickly that advance the built of walls and lookout of the walls from the merchants request by the minister in Morocco but His forces were involved was acquired to conquer the north to the central-south Afro-coastic's states but he and appointing himself his regent and chief minister due a lot reason most of class would definitely classified as one of those who prevent in the revolt. To the Ceuta region, we provide trade development directly to our main's capital of Rabat they order to gain own economy success of total mathematics of calculate by them a Berber-Muslims base is being building in the north and in south from locals royal forces of Abu's authorities they sue that they eventually gained control trade has been successor on south Europe and the imperialist city done some work with expansionist and crush economy in under of development of what they count number's fro it and the trade are being paid due a lack of support is because most of those class is more demand so what we do is developing and equipped of organization in law we do establish a law from Casablanca that written by the nobles of the sultan and vizier. Abu and his army going to march on the Maqils with 16,000 men of Berber soldiers and solid armor to crush to the rebellion so we could successfully took over the control of the occupation's part to seize them. (mod reponse).
  • Kingdom of Maabar: Puda offers to build roads to our northern allies capitals to improve trade. He also once again offers protection to the lords of Ceylon once again. (mod response). Researchers at the royal academy are fascinated by stories of 'cannons' described by the envoys and begin to work toward an efficient design for one. Korkai soon begins to boom as more workers move in the the the improved old city. A new fortress is commissioned to the north of the capital. Scholars are encouraged to talk at the royal academy. More mines are opened.
    • Jaffna accepts protection
  • Swiss Confederacy: After discussions between Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg and King David III of Scotland, the 8,000 Swiss troops (4,000 regular soldiers, 4,000 mercenaries) together with the 4,000 Arles troops, for a total force of 12,000 led by Amadeus V, Count of Geneva, leave Toulouse and instead march toward Mâcon, which Amadeus V had previously captured just three years ago but had then been granted to the French, who are now on the opposing side of the war due to the schism. Amadeus V's force assaults the city of Mâcon, whose garrison is still extensively damaged from when his troops seized it and thus defensively weakened, to take over the city from the anti-Roman French troops. Amadeus V's troops take siege weapons from the siege of Toulouse with them, but since the garrison is heavily damaged they do not expect a long siege will be necessary. (Algo needed) The Central Council declare their support for Sigismund of Brandenburg's attack on Aachen, but because they are busy on the French front they cannot contribute any troops to that at the moment. The soldiers of the joint military of the Confederacy that are still within Switzerland work on fortifying mountain passes on the western border of the nation, in the Cantons of Neuchâtel, Pontarlier, Lausanne and Geneva. The six bishops of the Swiss Confederacy continue to denounce Antipope Mark II and support the conclave currently being held in Rome after the death of Pope Benedict XI, with three of them attending as cardinals. The Canton of Sargans sends an envoy to the largely rural lordship of Bludenz just to its southeast, which had once been a possession of the County of Werdenberg-Heiligenberg before they were deposed by the Swiss in the 1360s and the core part of their territory converted to the Canton of Werdenberg. The envoy at Bludenz suggests to them to join the Canton of Sargans for the benefit of greater protection against the increasing instability and conflict in Germany and for access to the trade network of the Swiss Confederacy. (Mod response). Domestically, the government works on recruiting new soldiers and mercenaries to replenish the military from the various conflicts it has been involved in in the past decade. At Lenzburg Castle, Ulrich VII von Lenzburg's wife Constance of York (~1375-1416) dies of a disease, making the situation of the House of York even more precarious.
    • Bludenz declines
  • Hafsid dynasty: Inspired by the former Almohad Caliphate and the long-lost Achaemenid Empire, architectural design is borrowed in pursuit of a more heavenly scene in the Ifriqiyan Caliphate. Defenses begin built along the Hafsid-Tripolitania border, with specific fortresses being built in قابس (Gabes) and الجديدة (Matmata). Amir Abu al-Aziz II sets aside a large budget for the contruction of the كلية الفنون الجميلة (Academy of Fine Arts) in تونس‎ (Tunis), which continues construction this year, mostly by slaves. Amir Muhammad III continues his studies at the University of Timbuktu, expecting to remain in attendance until 1417, of which afterward the marriage between him and Fatima is expected to occur. The first military conscription prior to the war begins after a population consensus concludes a population of 1,450,000, lower than the previous consensus done a year or so prior to the heretic Crusade. So far, the Third فيلق (Legion) of 3,000 men is stationed at the قابس (Gabes), while the second is built with 2,000 men stationed at الجديدة (Matmata). In تونس‎ (Tunis), a larger force of 4,500 is stationed as the First فيلق (Legion), all equipped with some of the most high-ended modern munition, as well as the standard سيف (Saif).
    • Kingdom of Bgayet: Urban expansion is done in Béjaïa, as it continues to flourish with merchants. Under provisions of Sultan Adnaan al-Aziz of the Allamid dynasty and with the recent influx of Christian merchants has allowed for large economic propects. Inspired by ancient Greco-Roman and Umayyad architecure, the mosques are built in these provided architectural designs, as well as high-end luxury palaces. Under the recent vassalized status of Bgayet, the idea of attacks from inferior forces has set in further after rumors of Afro-Islamic genocide going on in Tripolitania. Although still allowing Christian merchants as it is needed for the economy to remain, Sultan Adnaan al-Aziz believes another crusade will be not coming with a prepared declaration. Building himself a military castle in his capital بِجَايَة (Béjaïa), he additionally begins updating the forts in الجزائر‎ (Algiers) as well as in قسنطينة‎  (Constantine). His own army, stacking 6,000 troops, are divided equally across the three cities. The Grand Vizier, Mehmet II, having a different approach to the allowance of Christian merchants, utilizes the current navy to support Hafsid raiding along the coast, following in the footsteps of the Hafsid Grand Vizier, Abdul ibn al Sayed.
  • Papal States: With the sudden death of Pope Benedict XI, his body is transferred to Rome. During the funeral procession, a mob attacks and captures the deceased pontiff's body. The group dismember the corpse and throws the remains into the Tiber River. At night, a group of Mercedine monks is able to remove part of the remains of Benedict XI from the river and bring it to the Basilica of Saint Peter. There Cardinal Sancho III de Rojas form España secretly celebrates a mass for Benedict's soul. Then what lasted of pontiff's body is placed in a tomb with an epitaph that says: "Here rests Holy Father Benedict XI. He loved the Church, but was hated by the Christians. May God receive his soul in Heaven." Now that Benedict is dead, Cardinal-Secretary Oddone Collona tries to make peace with Vicent of Lotharingia. He calls all cardinals to abandon Falkenstein and come to Rome for the new Conclave, this way electing a new pope. Leonardo Da Nacho, Headmaster of Saint Augustine's University take care of the little Ari VI. Meanwhile, Ari Sturlungur continues to study the works John Duns Scotus, becoming fascinated with Scotus' treaties about the Immaculate Conception of Mary. Anna Forti continues to help her fellow Mercedine nuns in works of charity.
    • Republic of Ancona: The death of Pope Benedict XI don't cause the same impact in the population of the Republic that the death of Alexander V caused. The economy of the Republic grows due to the trade made with Tripolitana, Savoy and Byzantium.
  • Kingdom of Eiru: Though there is theological conflict between Markist and Benedictine Eiru and Scotland relations between the two Kingdoms remain strong and pressure is applied to the Bishop of Dublin to try and be more conciliatory toward Scotland and the rest of the Celtic confederacy. The deadlock remains though. Supplies continue to be sent to Iceland to help keep Greenland alive. The fortifications and improvements of Ireland's ports are finished now. Further land enclosure in Tir Eoghain, the Pale, MacCoughlan, Desmond, Thormond and Kearney. Work begins on improving navigation of the rivers Barrow and Suir by building canals to move around the non navigable sections. With the completion of drainage works on Upper and Lower Lough Erne new work begins in the Pale at the mouth of the River Ilfrey where it empties into Dublin bay by building a large embankment wall from the shore out to sea to stop the silting up of the Dublin channel. Prince Eoin marries Rosheen Ó Conchobair of Connacht as part of a peace offering to former rebels and an attempt to increase his standing in the west of Ireland.
  • Roman Empire: Across the empire, people metaphorically make hay while the sun shines. The destruction of the Tekke Beylik is unfortunate, but does not directly harm the empire. Merchants continue to operate in Anatolia a select few double as spies for the empire, gathering intelligence and supporting subversives. In an effort to prevent the discovery of any more efforts in Anatolia all spies are required to implement a cryptographic system to encode the most important messages. Spies are also instructed to avoid sending letters at all unless totally necessary. Five impressive war galleys are ordered, armed with a pair of large bow-guns each as well as a mix of smaller cannons and firearms.
  • Majapahit Empire: The news of Tondo's Civil War has reached the ears of the Raja greatly piquing his interest in the conflict. Upon discovering Bruneian support against the Hindu/Buddhist majority he takes measures in order to limit the overwhelming power thrown behind Yellow faction. He threatens to provide military support to the Red faction if the Bruneians do not withdraw from the conflict as they are in direct opposition to the Buddhist/Hindu portions of the Kingdom. (Mod Response). With trade stabilizing on the global stage, the guild has begun to spread its influence once more across Majapahit with the Raja's support in these troubling times. The port of Cirebon continues to witness massive expansion in its shipyards as the construction of djongs continue with resources flowing in from across the Nusantara. The foundries of Majapahit continue to produce cetbangs and rentakas for use with merchants and the military as a means of staving off pirates. Infrastructure development has been shifted away from Sumatra and toward the Bali islands on the lower ends of the Empire in order to ensure prosperity across Majapahit. Bhayangkara and Pamburusirah continue to be outfitted with the armor derived from samurai armor sets that were studied but they still have flaws in them due to them being inexperienced with forging with such materials. The development and improvement of hand cannons continue under the patronage of the Raja who recognizes the value of these weapons in securing Majapahit internally and externally.
    • They do not comply.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": With the death of Cardinal Pedro Martínez de Luna, Under preasure of king Feinsan Regnier creates the "Easter accords". Which is an agreement regarding the Schism within western Catholicism, as presure from inside trier and outside Trier is increasing. The Rex Lotharrii and the Senatus Regus Lotharrii facing a two-front war, the Anti-kings army even being at the gates of Aachen. The Emperor recruits Locals and expands the Praetorian guard, the Emperor calling on the empire for troops (Mod response) Feinsan promising more rights more reform more money to all who fight with the Crown of Charlemagne against those who want to undermine the sacred empire. King Feinsan Recruiting troops all across Lotharingia, the administration setting up recruitment posts in every small town in the kingdom. As the Königliche Lotharingische armee is in dire need of more soldiers to fight in the war, "Hilsitser ijzergieterij" producing great amounts of cannons and firelances. These being used in the defence of the city, the "Treaty of Saint Vith " being send to Sigsmund Premyslid II of Brandenburg. On Mukadoor Island "Den rote hand Compagnie" finishing the dock and even remaking it with iron and stone, the local Moors building a small mosque in their free time. This action directly increases the support of the Moroccans for the company as they are seen as prosperity giving to Muslims and Christians alike. The "Rote hand compagnie" only desiring progres and prosperity, which is helped by the new lotharingian laws set in place such as the vlootleenlaw.
  • Kingdom of Scotland: With the beginning of a new deadlock in elections for the Celtic Patriarch, we do our best to delay the situation, as negotiations appear to be beginning between the Antipope and the true Papacy in Rome, despite the perfidy of the devil-emperor of Lotharingia. The construction of new ships is temporarily put on hold, as we begin funneling funds into the war in France, accepting the 2,000 mercenaries offered by the Papal vassal of Ancona, as we had previously proposed to them. These forces, combined with our previously raised 7,000, arrive to Toulouse to assist Hispania in besieging the city, led by King David III. We also officially open the lands of the Duchy of Auvergne to the forces of the rightful king of France, Phillip the Good of Burgundy, our ally, and the forces of those fighting alongside him. Encouraged by the high numbers of Southern French nobles now switching to his side, we once again do our best to appeal to the nobles throughout Southern France against the forces of the heretic king Louis, who has sided with the Devil Emperor Vincent of Lotharingia and his squirrel worshipers, using his attempt to revoke the rightful lands of the Duchy of Auvergne as proof of his perfidy and desire to destroy the rights of the French nobility under his iron fisted tyranny. We also do our best to rally the pious French peasantry against the forces of the heretic king and those who support him, due to his support of the devil king. (MOD RESPONSE NEEDED). (TO BE CONTINUED).
  • Duchy of Ermland: Under the reign of the current Duke Jakob, youngest and the last surviving male descendent of the first duke Winrich I von Kniprode of Ermland, the land has continued as his forefather had foreseen, he continues to build up trade within the Land expanding the infrastructure of Königsberg, and the other cities. Most notably Jakob has adopted several new stylings including Duke of Prussia, Duke of Courland, Duke of Samogitia, Duke of Estonia, and Duke of Livonia in addition to the title of Duke of Ermland. He does this in an effort to add more prestige toward his house and grant them more recognition upon the diplomatic stage. Knowing the question of his successor will be in question, Jakob chooses to declare his son-in-law Henrich von Hohenlohe as his heir to succeed him upon death. He begins to invest notably in a more functional port to draw in trade for the country, and begins to organize a small mercenary force under comprising of the many old and newer young men anxious to taste blood and gain glory. While not totally functional, it is expected to be a formal fighting force in due time and ready to deploy.
  • Tripolitania: Efforts continue to renovate the fortresses at Syrtis and Gergis. Tripolis begins to serve as a major port along the southern shores of the Mediterranean, with Anconine and other merchants using it as a base of operations. While many allied nations aren't charged exorbitant fees for using our ports, the merchants do contribute to the economic vibrancy of the kingdom. With the Council of Prague concluding, newly-created Cardinal Philippe Leonard Seghers returns to Tripolitania, where he participates in his first sitting of the Curia. Despite an effort by the Markists to request Tripolitania (and the Order of Bari) to change affiliation, we remain loyal to the Benedictine faction - despite the Pope's untimely death. This is due to King Sigimund's affiliation with the Bohemian Premyslid house. Speaking of Sigismund, he and Caitrìona have a daughter this year, named Elizabeth.
  • Latin Empire: Secret: We accept the offer by Venice and the Emperor sends the best regards to the ruler of Venice on reclaiming their colonies. End of Secret.
  • Duchy of Burgundy: Phillip III the Good, Duke of Burgundy, personally leading his army, along with his father, John the Fearless, with 22,500 men under his command, continues to assault the city of Albi to open the way for the city of Toulouse, (Or if Albi has fallen then we move on to siege the city of Toulouse once again) that is essential to fall for our war effort to assist the Spanish and Auvergnans/Swiss there against the Heretic King of France, a battle that would in all likelyhood determine the outcome of this war. Since His Most Holiness, the Pope, in essence is appointed by God and creating an Antipope is questioning almighty GOD himself, our bishops as representatives of the Catholic Church denounces the vile Anti-Pope Falkenstein. Duke Phillip III the Good personally apologizes to his Majesty, King Sigismund, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, to make up for the upfront to refer to the excommunicated heretic King Vincent as the Emperor of the HRE, stating that he was merely trying to negotiate peace and addressing him as diplomatic protocols dictated.

1417

Habemus Papum! Cardinal Secretary Oddone di Colonna is elected the new Pope by the Roman Conclave, taking on the name Pope Martin V. Pope Mark II declares him excommunicated, and attempts to reinforce his position using the previous precedent of concilarism. Pope Mark calls a council of Markist bishops from across Lotharingia, France Ireland and Portugal to come to Brussels to "settle" the papal dispute.

Sigsmund II of Brandenburg and Vincent of Lothairingia agree to a temporary truce before the Benedictine army attacks Aachen. At this point Vincent relinquishes his claim to Roman Emperor, effectively leaving an imperial interregnum while negotiating a peace to the conflict. Sigsmund II and the Prince electors demand that the city of Aachen be ceded from Lothairingia and restore its status as an Imperial City. Although Sigsmund does not wish to punish Lotharingia, they do demand that Vincent should first be reconciled with the Catholic Church before any further agreements can be made.

Sigsmund of Brandenburg offers his son Wenceslaus in marriage to the daughter or sister of Duke Jacob of Livonia.

Dan of Barsarab, second cousin of the former Prince Mircea, flees to Bulgaria and is greeted warmly by the Tsar Constantine II. He continues to claim the title of Vovoide in exile, being outside of Mircea's immediate family.

About 230 extremist Lollards gathers in Oldcastle, England, and attempts an attack against the Tower of London, in an attempt to liberate the imprisoned Lollard brethren there.

The court of King Henry V restores the use of English in official letters, not used in the British Isles since the Norman conquest. In London, street lamps are used for the first time.

  • The Iroquois Confederacy: We do more baby making. We are keeping make a primitive rune/pictograph writing system which is being improved over time. We start to hunt and move around about nation more. We also start to farm corn, squash and more. We start to sell furs and beads to other tribes. We make more worshiping places around our nations. We start to have more oral and cultural exchanges with each other. We start to trap animals for fur. We start to make a lot of weapons for the future. We build more longhouses around the nation, peace for now is declared in a state of security for the expansive territories of each tribe. We start to train in canoe warfare and keep making giant war canoes. This also develops major cultural connections within the Five Tribes. We also pass down many stories. We have many births during this time. This is the region of Hiawatha.
  • Swiss Confederacy: The six bishops of the Swiss Confederacy are pleased at the election of Pope Martin V, seeing him as a good compromise candidate to help reconcile the sides in the schism. When Mark II immediately lashes out at Martin V, they again denounce Mark II as an antipope and confirm they consider Martin V to be the legitimate Pope. As Sigismund II of Brandenburg and Vincent of Lotharingia have agreed to a temporary truce, Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg also orders the Swiss troops to withdraw from Mâcon for now. The 4,000 troops of the joint military of the Confederacy and the 4,000 Swiss mercenaries return to Switzerland. The fact all of the Swiss Confederacy's military is again within its borders gives them time to recuperate and replenish their supplies. The Central Council pays close attention to the negotiations between the two German leaders. They still favour Sigismund to be Holy Roman Emperor because of the papal schism. Aside from recuperating from the recent conflicts, the joint military of the Swiss Confederacy focuses on fortifying mountain passes on the northern border of the nation in the Cantons of Basel-Bishopric, Basel-City, Aargau, Schaffhausen, Constance and Salem. Amadeus V, Count of Geneva, who had been leading the Swiss troops at Mâcon, finally gets to return to Geneva after being shuttled around between various fronts of war for nearly a decade after the murder of his nephew Victor of Orleans in 1407. Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg sends an envoy to King Louis XI of France, asking him whether he will support the new Pope Martin V because he is Roman rather than Spanish. (France response) Domestically, the government works on improving and expanding cattle farms to increase to food supply and benefit the economy. Ulrich VII sends an envoy to Livonia, proposing Henry de la Marck (b. 1397), Ulrich VII's first cousin and heir to the Electorate of Saxony and County of Mark, and Amadeus V of Geneva's son and heir Aymon IV of Geneva-Lenzburg (b. 1398), as possible husbands for Duke Jacob of Livonia's sister or daughter, potentially both respectively. (Ermland response). Some Bernese scholars read the book the Zürich Library published on the game of chess, which leads to discussions and arguments in the Bern Library. Some of the scholars there disagree with Zürich's neglect of the "short assize" set-up in chess as Zürich's book only includes the "long assize", and propose that the Bern Library should publish its own book on the game of chess featuring the short assize.
  • Marinid of Sultanate: An honest situation encounter in the revolt,the amry are confirm the Berber revolt with them a troop of amazigh of 2,000 counted as join the revolt and send to the Maqils's revolt place the regime of vizier, doesn't anymore recognize the marinid due a political reason in Rabat, Abu had launched a new regime to order to establish the wattasid kingdom and the new ruler which he would be as a retreat sultan due the suffer of the Maqils. Mohammed who met Abu had a discussion who can rule and establish this idea with the support of the recent conflict to the agreement of the Berber alliance he would success him to stop the revolt and send supplies toward the tribes to being paid mark as a new period in Morocco he made his authority to the limit's agreement from the revolt popular on this year in the current moment the persecution of Andalus Muslims, Jews and Christians were forced to go in North Africa to gain security and not convert to Christianity the plan of the idea is what his army and his chief going to annex the port Algiers and annex Cueta due the Spanish invasion Mohammed due being paid from the plan he deport the Mozarabic and asking him if he can support him Abu would accept' which he would discuss that smart plan from yesterday at Fez' the discusion told the plan will be establish in the conquest fall of Cueta's Spanish and their westernization to not do it we going to shut their own colony and send money in exchange from Mohammed's new ruler of the new dynasty of wattasid they also develop that the strategy would do some principalities and tribes state from the separation for a nearly work in the early establishment of the new order' the authorities already say that they would divided the states and possible Mohammed's the new regime would do it by the way large development of class in Casablanca is doing well due lack'​s key economy and port food are being deported as well for maintenance which they are paid and thanks by Mohammed also Abu various fortifications are well establish and they start to in exchange in the enter and paid from the paysan anyways. Mohammed and the wattasid dynasty would like to make a new establishment of the kingdom and divided the principalities we also discuss to reconquer Cueta we're accept to do it in our accord the agreement would be that the south would be in our position and we demand to establish the wattasid's kingdom. (Mod reponse).
    • Abu Zakariyya Yahya, head of the House of Wattasids accepts the proposal to establish an independent Wattasid Kingdom
  • Iceland: The Earl of Arnarsland returns to his Baffin Colonies and decides to send 200 men to 200 women to settle across the Ólafs Bay, this landmass is what they Call New Iceland as they claim a small landmass. (OTL Kuururjuaq). We send shipments to the colonies. A small settlement is set up in New Reykjavik and claims a small part the name New Reykjanes. (OTL NAL).
  • Kingdom of Tondo (CIVIL WAR): [YELLOW FACTION SIDE] In February 1416, the large army of the Yellow Faction that is headed by Prince Lontok of Brunei and Rajah Majul of Maynila which numbered almost 40,000 are able to outnumber the defending rebel forces that numbered 20,000 in the rebel capital of Lihan (OTL Malolos) - this is soon to be called “Battle of Lihan” where the Yellow Faction decisively won the battle with minimum casualties as they face the unprepared rebel forces, there were civilian casualties where the some of the Yellow Faction forces massacred and raped Sangleys for swearing allegiance to the Red Faction. On the Red Faction side, they faced heavy casualties and even the overall leader of the Red Faction, Datu Maitan - was wounded in the battle. The rebels retreated to the Calumpit River where the reinforcements that had around additional 10,000 forces arrived that is led by Datu Maradis of House Kuwanko coming from Malatarlak to launch a counteroffensive against the advancing Yellow Faction forces who were heading to the rebel city of Kulyat which is 38km from the Calumpit River, this time, the Red Faction were prepared to fight against the Yellow Faction despite the fact that the Red Faction were no match against the Yellow Faction militarily. By March, Calumpit River was the next objective of the Yellow Faction after they had taken the former rebel capital (Lihan). The two factions would face each other which was another victory for the Yellow Faction although not as decisive as it was back in Lihan but strategic. The Yellow Faction suffered heavy losses as the forces of the Red Faction defended the river with all their might but weren’t able to stop the advancing forces of the Yellow Faction. On April 1416. 2,500 Moro raiders affiliated to the Sultanate of Sulu, 6,000 Bruneians and 4,000 Maynilans headed by Datu Mali of Maynila besieged the rebel city of Oloninapo using 50 lanong (Sulu warship galley) and 150 transport ships against the defending 15,000 Red Faction troops that is headed by Datu Marikit of House Sambal. The Yellow Faction decides to launch a diversion so that House Sambal wouldn’t send its forces to the main front. By the first week of April, the YF forces had begun their siege from their encampment on the shore in front of the fortification of the city of Oloninapo. By mid April, the Yellow Faction forces began an assault on the main fortification fortifications by marching to the northwest wall of the city. The Sulu warships bombard the fortification walls using their cannons and the Yellow Faction forces stormed the city - this would be called “Siege of Oloninapo” in a decisive Yellow Faction victory. Datu Marikit of House Sambal together with his family were able to escape the city the moment the city began to fall under the YF control. A lot of Red Faction forces either escaped or captured. Most of the RF forces were executed upon capture. After the siege, another batch of 4,000 Bruneian forces personally sent by Sultan Pateh Berbai arrived in Oloninapo. After the major battle in Oloninapo, was mostly a skirmish between factions as both of these factions replenished their troops in another upcoming major battle. Most of Maynila Bay, south coast (except the Bikol Coast) and west coast of the Kingdom has been swarmed by hundreds of Yellow Faction ships (mostly Bruneian ships) which the ships were patrolling the seas. [RED FACTION SIDE]. By 1417, Datu Maitan was finally healed from his wounds. The city of Kulyat and Malatarlak was heavily fortified after several major victories coming from the Yellow Faction. The Red Faction forces would create a defensive line called Potrero line that is 13 km from the rebel city of Kulyat. from All of the Red Faction forces that is now numbered to 18,000 have stationed in the line. Their objective is to defend Kulyat against 44,000 Yellow Faction forces (19,000 forces in Oloninapo headed by Datu Mali and another 25,000 forces in OTL Calumpit that is headed by Prince Lontok and Rajah Majul). Meanwhile, Datu Maitan of House Gatchalian sends letters to the Kingdom of Caboloan headed by Warrior-Princess Urduja (which her father died in an old age by this time) and to the Majapahit Empire which both nations are firm supporters to the Red Faction, would beg for help as Datu Maitan stated that if the Yellow Faction wins the succession then Tondo would fall from “Islam” and would be ruled by a Bruneian and a traitor and that Brunei can finally challenge the Majapahit Empire if ever the Bolkiah dynasty is successfully placed in Tondo. To Caboloan, it will be the same as well, their nation falling to Islam and would likely to be annexed by the Yellow Faction if ever they win the succession. (Which means Datu Maitan wants Caboloan and Majapahit to intervene in the civil war). [MOD and Majapahit response needed]. By May 1417, the Yellow Faction launched the biggest offensive which would be considered biggest and deadly battle of all in Tondoese military history. The Yellow Faction's objective is to break the Potrero Line against the defending Red Faction forces while the rebels wanted to halt the Yellow Faction advancement toward the rebel city of Kulyat. //TO BE CONTINUED.//
    • Majapahit Diplo: With the refusal of Brunei to withdraw after Majapahit presented them with an ultimatum, Raja Wikramawardhana has decided to commit Majapaiht in support of the Red Faction and has blockaded Brunei with the larger Majapahit Navy. Military campaigns have been launched against Brunei with the trade guild of Majapahit providing supplies and equipment (A few rentakas, no cetbangs) to the Red Faction.
  • Roman Empire: With the empire at peace, the themes are ordered to reduce drilling and taxes are reduced to lessen the burden on the people. Trade flourishes, and while dark clouds might be on the far horizon, life continues as normal. Merchants continue trading in the Black Sea and beyond, working to undercut Venetian merchants by taking advantage of the Bosphorous Tax. With Anatolia stabilized, merchants return and operate across the southern coast. Rhodes becomes a major stopover for merchants in the region, and island prospers. Arsenal work on firearms continues as does strategic education in the Pandidakterion, but otherwise military spending is neglected to a degree as the people are given a much needed and well deserved period of peace. Basileus Herodotus goes on an Imperial Tour of the nation, stopping in nearly every major city in Thrace and Anatolia. He surveys the work done by his predecessors to restore the vibrancy of the economy and maximize the efficiency of the administration.
  • Peoples of Vinland: As the years go by, the fortunes improve. Lögsögumaðr Ólaver Leifsson and his band established a settlement on an island far to the south (otl ile d'orleans), and already attracted more of his tribe. He named the settlement Daelstaðr, because when they arrived it was peaceful and the people there welcomed them as brothers. Leifsson and the local ruler became close friends, and many things were shared between the tribes. As the food was soon plentiful, the local ruler soon came to allow more of Leifsson's people to come with. On the island and some spilling over to the shores nearby, around 700 northmen came to live, including men, women, and children, along with 1,200 of the dark-skinned people Leifsson had forged a friendship with. Meanwhile, back in Vinland, the death of Egvidr causes a power vacuum that is soon filled by Einráði Dólgþvari. Correspondance between Einráði and Olaver increases, and as Olaver tells of the successes of their friendships at Daelstaðr, Einráði decides this is the best course of action. He gives the gift of ironworking to tribes that agree to enter friendship with his people. The alliance that Einráði forges comes to dominate most of the island of Vinland, though loosely so, and occasional intermixing and general prosperity betters all parties involved bringing the total population of the island to 21,000, with 7,000 being Vinlander or partially Vinlander. So the loose governance of Vinlandic peoples becomes in practice two affiliated groups, one ruled by Einráði and the other by Ólaver.
  • Papal States: With the end of the Conclave, Cardinal-Secretary Oddone Colonna is elected pope and takes the Papal name Martin V. He is crowned with the papal tiara in a ceremony realized in the Basilica of Saint Peter. As the new pope, Martin V first act is annouce that he will sign the Easter accords with Vincent of Lotharingia and will remove Vincent's excommunication. The pontiff also writes to the Falkenstein and the Markist bishops, saying that if they end this schism and submit to Martin V, they will be pardoned and return to their positions pre-schism [MOD response needed, please]. The pope also writes to Louis XI of France and Ciri of Portugal, saying that he will remove their excommunications as soon as they recognize him as the true pope [France and Portugal response needed, please]. Headmaster Leonardo Da Nacho continues to take are of the infant Ari VI, which now is know in Saint Augustine's University as Ari Da Nacho. Ari Sturlungur continues to study the works of John Duns Scotus, supporting his ideas about the Immaculate Conception of Mary in discussions with his tutors. Sister Anna Forti continues to help her fellow Mercedine nuns in works of Charity.
    • Republic of Ancona: The election of Pope Martin V is celebrated in the Republic and the Elders show their support to the new pope. The economy of the Republic continues to grow due to the trade relations with Arles, Tripolitana and Byzantium. New galleys are build in the shipyards of Ancona.
  • Georgian Empire: Assyria is annexed, with a Christian Arab family being given control over it. Lower Mesopotamia is vassalized under the control of the Abbasid remnants (thought they must renounce the title of “Caliph”, and assume the title of “Sultan” instead), religious tolerance (of both non-Muslims, and heterodox Muslims) is assured. Northern Iran remains largely unorganized for now, with towns and cities being given self rule. Esfahan is attacked in two waves. The first, led by Bagrat V, consists of 30,000 troops. It will clear any field armies and also start blockading Esfahan. During this time, minimal fighting will occur as the primary objective is to force the enemy to expend their resources. About 40 percent of this force is comprised of mounted archers, 30 percemt are lancers, and the remainder is comprised of handgunners as well as cannoneers. Encountered towns and villages are first pressured into submitting to Georgian rule, and giving supplies toward the Georgian war effort. Should they refuse, they are sacked and the surrounding lands are burnt to deprive the enemy of productive land. The refugees would flee to settlements held by the enemy, where they were constitute a burden on resources. To deal with any encountered field armies, the ranged troops (the dismounted mounted archers, handgunners, and arquebusiers) fire volleys at the enemy vanguard. Their flanks and rear are protected by light cavalry. If possible, the cavalry will be divided into two groups. The smaller group will outflank the enemy, and attack its rear – thus confusing enemy ranks. Manwhile, the larger group will charge the enemy vanguard to initiate a rout. The first ranks – comprised of lancers, would use the wedge formation as to maximize the shock they inflict. The latter ranks would be comprised of saber-wielding light cavalry. If this maneuver cannot be executed, instead, successive waves of mounted archers assault the enemy’s flanks and rear – evading enemy fire using their superior mobility. In between every one of these waves, the lancers charge at the flanks. Once the enemy ranks are weakened (gaps appear) the lancers will then proceed to “mop” the army remnants, while the mounted archers encircle the enemy to prevent escape. In the second wave, led by Rostam, 20,000 troops (one-half of which are handgunners or arquebusiers - 40 percent are the mounted archers, and ten percent are lancers) are sent to reinforce the siege. Cannons would be used, and primarily directed toward the main gates of the city. Ballistas and catapults continue to be used to hit targets inside the city walls – though they are placed at the top of hills.
  • Kingdom of Scotland: With the deadlock on the patriarchs election broken, and a Scotsman elected, things return to normal within the Celtic Lollard Catholic Church. Meanwhile, in France, we turn our forces around, heading to Albi to support our Burgundian allies in the siege, in order to help open the way to Toulouse, We also continue to encourage southern French nobles to switch their support to the rightful King of France, the Duke of Burgundy, using pamphlets and criers, spreading news about the false king Louis and his support of the Abomidable false pope Mark, and his many personal failings and heresies for all to hear. We also make frequent mention of the attempt of the so called “king” to revoke the lands of Auvergne, who have faithfully served the crown of France for many years, and warn that they could well be next if they do not support the true king, due to the usurpers lust for both their lands and their Daughters, which is well known. [​Mod Response​] Criticism of the Archduke of Lotharingia, Vincent, however, notably seems to come to a sudden stop this year, most likely due to the treaty recently signed with them, which would undermine the propaganda being spread if the demonization of Lotharingia continued. Meanwhile, in other news, a Scottish merchant traveling to Iceland’s territories past Greenland is blown wildly off course, and returns home telling fantastic tales of remnants of the Vikings and strange, red skinned people in lands to the west of the Kingdom. Although these will mostly be dismissed as tall tales, they do spark an increased interest in the small colonies of Iceland in that direction and the potential for further land being to the west of us, inspiring more people in the future.
  • Kingdom of Portugal: In a lavish ceremony, Queen Cirí marries the aged but nonetheless charming and healthy Leonardo Esteves de Nápoles, A Portuguese noble with roots in Naples. That year the queen gives birth to a son who they name Adalberto. He is the new crown prince and the news are celebrated widely around the country. Meanwhile, a huge expansion of Portugal's roads and navy are commencing and is expected to be done in 1425. Meanwhile, when former King Consort Domhall is supposed to be returned to Iceland, on his way back do a royal ship, he is ambushed and killed by a group of angry peasants.
  • Baltic Duchies: Duke Jakob continues his effort to expand the trade and infrastructure of the duchies increasing the flow of trade within the lands. He extends an offer toward exclusive trading rights to trade and carry Amber from the coast of Samland. [Hansa Response] The training of the mercenary corp established with the anxious and hotblooded young men is finished with it being ready to deployed in any war that occurs. The intention is to bring more wealth into the Baltic duchies at this time. Direction of trade into the city of Reval from the Gulf of Ingria and the Republic of Novgorod and Tver, this is down through the construction of various ports and facilities to make travel to the Warmwater port easier and more attractive toward the various traders and sailors within the Baltic.Duke Jakob extends an offer of greater trade to Poland-Lithuania in order to build better relations between the two nations. [Poland-Lithuania Response] Duke Jakob begins to center the official administration of his lands and holds his courts in the city of Königsberg effectively making it the capital city of the Baltic Duchies and the center of business for the Country. Within the country the emphasis on trade and prosperity leads to settlement from Germans seeking opportunities and prosperity. The lack of feudal lords and structures within much of the Baltic Duchies also provides greater economic and social mobility within the country further driving immigration. Notably despite the offers of Marriages from the Presymlids and the noble families of the Swiss confederacy, Jakob extends the offers of his daughter's hand to the son of the Duke of Saxe-Lauenberg, Bernard of the House of Ascania. [Mod Response]
    • Hanseatic Diplomacy: The amber deal is accepted, as is the marriage proposal.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": Diplomacy and peace are the Motto of the Senatus Regus Lotharri, which is working tirelessly to create the treaties for a new peace. As it has become clear that reform in both the army and navy is needed for Lotharingia to survive this new age. As the attack on Lotharingia and the Empire happened right when both the Neue Königlich-Lotharingische Marine and Königliche Lotharingische armee were in reform. As the Karabiel and the Jersey-cog are taking over the Neue Königlich-Lotharingische Marine as the tactics costs and implementation need time to fully develop into a new Lotharingian style of Navy warfare. The Königliche Lotharingische armee being downsized since the Tripolitanian crusade, as the army suffered many cassualties in that war. Feinsan wanting to reform the army into a profesional army with the most modern of Technology. King Feinsan with the situation in Aachen, He personaly takes command of the Praetorian guard and the Local guard. The soldiers in the city numbering around 3k prepare the city for war, the soldiers being ordered to place gunpowder barrels in the Rathaus, the Cathedral and the Throne of Charlemagne. The King fearing unrest and rebelion even if a peace treaty is to happen, as the senate and the rex Lotharri, and even the peasants being unhappy with the current situation. Merchants taken provisions such as getting more foreign currency, and buying foreign flags to ensure safe sailing. The Lotharingian merchantry still sailing to far off, as they do not meddle in imperial politics as they desire prosperity. The Merchants mostly being neutral on the Senate-King issue, as they just want the most beneficial laws.
  • Tripolitania: By now, the fortresses at Syrtis and Gergis - near the frontiers with Egypt and the Hafsids, repsectively - have been largely completed in their restorations. In terms of new construction, an emphasis is placed on constructing new churches in Tripolis and the other major cities. This is done with a careful balance, as King Sigismund and the clergy do not want to arouse the majority Muslim population against the crusader state. Nonetheless, a couple of mid-sized mosques have been converted since the crusade's completion. Among the European settlers, use of Africae has really started to catch on, but the Muslim population has largely abstained from learning the language - with the exception of some wealthier and more liberal merchants who were left in place. These merchants, after all, are used as middle men to go deeper into Africa and exchange with the Malians and others. Other, European merchants are at somewhat of a disadvantage because they need to hire out Nubian Knights from Bari to protect their caravans. However, the taxes placed on Muslim wealth accumulation keeps this in check for now, and fuels the coffers which are overseen by King Sigismund and the Tripoltanian Curia.
  • Duchy of Burgundy: The treaty of Treaty of Rysel is signed. Phillip III the Good, Duke of Burgundy, personally leading his army, along with his father, John the Fearless, with 22,500 men under his command, continues to assault the city of Albi to open the way for the city of Toulouse, (Or if Albi has fallen then we move on to occupy the cities of Casrtes and Lavour that lack fortifications and to siege the city of Montauban once again) that is essential to fall for our war effort to assist the Spanish and Auvergnans/Swiss there against the Heretic King of France, a battle that would in all likelyhood determine the outcome of this war. Since His Most Holiness, the Pope, in essence is appointed by God and creating an Antipope is questioning almighty GOD himself, our bishops as representatives of the Catholic Church denounces the vile Anti-Pope Falkenstein. Building on the positive response by the Prince of Monaco and his faction of southern French nobles to our cause, we urge them to officially join our side and commit troops to help us against the wicked King Louis XI of France, promising them great rewards once Phillip III the Good ousts the usurper and takes his rightfull throne in the Palace of Fontainebleau, the royal residence as King of France. A proclaimation of non-infringement on the severely hurt under the administration of Louis XI rights of the nobility is made, using personal letters as well as pamphlets and criers, Phillip III the Good vowing to respect them as King of France. We also continue to encourage southern French nobles to switch their support to the rightful King of France, the Phillip III the Good, Duke of Burgundy, using pamphlets and criers, spreading news about the false king Louis and his support of the Abomidable false pope Mark, and his many personal failings and heresies for all to hear. We also make frequent mention of the attempt of the so called “king” to revoke the lands of Auvergne, who have faithfully served the crown of France for many years, and warn that they could well be next if they do not support the true king, due to the usurpers lust for both their lands and their Daughters, which is well known. [​Mod Response​].
  • Majapahit Empire: With the refusal of Brunei to comply with the Raja's request, the Raja has ordered the establishment of a blockade on Brunei's sea routes and ports to restrict their ability to supply aid to the Yellow Faction of the Tondo Kingdom. The Raja musters a 39,750 levy of which 8,000 are Bhayangkara armed with the new steel armor developed from the study of samurai Armor (Not completely sturdy and durable). The Raja calls upon his vassals to contribute troops (Mod Response, note: How many troops do my vassals have?) to the war effort and has given strict orders to the trade guild to avoid conducting business with Bruneian merchants. The levy are dispatched to the Majapahit vassal on the island of Borneo to travel on foot to their objective in order to avoid the complications that come with conducting a naval invasion. The guild is ordered to ship arms, food, and war material to the Red faction of Tondo in order to support the Red faction more closely. In coordination with the ships consisting of the naval blockade, the levy of Majapahit marches on the city of Sarawak utilizing the cetbangs and rentakas aboard the djongs to bombard the city (Mod Response/Algo, Note: Mpu Nala is probably dead so no algo bonus for leader, naval support from djongs armed with cetbangs and rentakas). With the devotion of the state and its resources to war, trade across the Nusantara continues but is impeded by the blockade of the major trading hub that is Brunei. When vassal forces are committed, they will be deployed toward the Eastern portions of the Bruneian Empire to siege the city of Balikpapan (Mod Response/Algo, Note: Vassal forces will be deployed to fight here once I get their numbers, naval support from djongs).
    • I gave your vassals 10k for this year's algo. It might be upwardly revised in the future as they mobilize better. -Rexmod.

1418

The Marcian Conflict of Germany concludes with the Treaty of Saint Vith, in which Frederick von Habsburg is named the Prince Regent of Germany until a new election can be held by the Imperial Diet, effectively placing the Holy Roman Empire into an interregnum. Exhausted and underpaid, the coalition forces in Aachen end up sacking various nearby villages that were suspected of having Markist/extreme Hussite supporters. Unofficially, this conflict is sometimes referred to as the "Kraut-Sprout War".

Sigsmund II of Brandenburg enters Prague acclaimed as a hero, having avenged the death of King Boleslaus by the deposition of Emperor Vincent. Although offiically his nation is referred to as the Kingdom of Bohemia, historians will more often refer to his nation as "Brandenburg-Bohemia". General unrest continues across Bohemia, however, as the Taborites and Orebites grow in strength in the surrounding countryside.

Pope Mark II dies under uncertain circumstances. One rumor that circulates says that following the peace established in Aachen, Falkenstein feared for his life and leaped head first out the window of his house, while forgetting it was three stories in height. The remaining Cardinals that support the Markist position convene in Paris to hold a new Conclave. At this point, they retain only limited support from the nations of France, Portugal and Ireland, unless any of those nations signs the Treaty of Saint Vith.

The conflict of western Europe shifts to France, the epicenter of the war now lasting 80 years. More minor nobles in southern France give military access and volunteer troops to Burgundy in response to the ongoing Marcian Schism.

Having crushed the final revolts in Egypt, Abu Muslim finally assumes the crown as Sultan of Egypt and Palestine. He purges out various corruption and opposition, placing Egypt under a more despotic rule since the time of Barquq.

Tian China decides to place Prince Tran Thiem Binh, who is seen as a Chinese puppet, on the throne in Dai Viet. They send 70,000 men to enforce their will on the weakened Vietnamese nation. This is seen as a complication for Emperor Ho, who is already in the middle of a civil war against Lo Lei and had recently lost Cambodia. Secretly, Prince Tran Thiem Binh sends an envoy to Lo Lei, offering him to become a high-ranking noble under the Tran dynasty, if he agrees to defeat Emperor Ho.

Zheng He, the bold Chinese eunuch and explorer, leaves China in autumn of this year under commands from the Tian emperor. Over the next year, He sails along the coast of the Indian subcontinent and to the Straits of Hormuz. Dedicated to push onward, the explorer hears from Omani and Shirazi traders of new lands along the coast of Africa.

A disaster strikes in the capital of Poland with the King and his heir both being killed in a building collapse leaving the only viable heir in Lithuania. The Polish nobility offer the crown to Vytautas Kestutis on the condition he confirms their rights expands the power of the Sejm. He graciously accepts hoping to maintain the strong Polish-Lithuanian Union.

The Sapa Inca continues its rampage across the Andes pushing in all directions. The smaller kingdoms are unable to stand in the way and are continually absorbed. The system of aggressive resettlement, the growing imperial roadway system, and a novel taxation system of yearly service rather than money provides the empire with a highly flexible and powerful strategy for centralizing control over the mountains.

  • The Iroquois Confederacy: We do more baby making. We are keeping make a primitive rune/pictograph writing system which is being improved over time. We start to hunt and move around about nation more. We also start to farm corn, squash and more. We start to sell furs and beads to other tribes. We make more worshiping places around our nations. We start to have more oral and cultural exchanges with each other. We start to trap animals for fur. We start to make a lot of weapons for the future. We build more longhouses around the nation, peace for now is declared in a state of security for the expansive territories of each tribe. We start to train in canoe warfare and keep making giant war canoes. This also develops major cultural connections within the Five Tribes. We also pass down many stories. We have many births during this time. This is the region of Hiawatha.
  • Iceland: More and more people are sent to the colonies and small swaths of land are claimed. The King becomes ecstatic when he hears that his kinswoman Sandra’s husband Frederick has become Prince Regent. More shipments are sent to the colonies to keep them alive.
  • Hafsid dynasty: Inspired by the former Almohad Caliphate and the long-lost Achaemenid Empire, architectural design is borrowed in pursuit of a more heavenly scene in the Ifriqiyan Caliphate. Caliph Abu al-Aziz II envisions a "Great" Mosque, so great that he puts aside contruction for one in تونس‎ (Tunis) [OTL Çelebi Sultan Mehmed Mosque]. Defenses begin built along the Hafsid-Tripolitania border, with specific fortresses being built in قابس (Gabes) and الجديدة (Matmata). The contruction of the كلية الفنون الجميلة (Academy of Fine Arts) in تونس‎ (Tunis) is finished this year, increasing the number of produced arts and literature available. Iluminated manuscript, specifically surrounding Islamic mysticism, become more popular as a result. Amir Muhammad III, having finished his studies at the University of Timbuktu last year, is now married to the Tlemcen Sultan's daughter, Fatima, which is celebrated at the Al-Zaytuna Mosque, holding an audience of 5,000 during their ceremony. Within the year and having grown closely attached, Fatima gives birth to their first son, Muhammad IV. Spy networks are set up in Tripolitania. The Third فيلق (Legion) of 3,000 men stationed at the قابس (Gabes) and the 2,000 men stationed at الجديدة (Matmata) are increased to 4,500 and 3,000 respectively, while the larger force of 4,500 stationed at تونس‎ (Tunis) concludes this year with 7,000 men, all equipped with some of the most high-ended modern munitation, as well as the standard سيف (Saif).
    • Kingdom of Bgayet: Urban expansion is done in Béjaïa, as it continues to flourish with merchants. Under provisions of Sultan Adnaan al-Aziz of the Allamid dynasty and with the recent influx of Christian merchants has allowed for large economic propects. Inspired by ancient Greco-Roman and Umayyad architecure, the mosques are built in these provided architectural designs, as well as high-end luxury palaces. Under the recent vassalized status of Bgayet, the idea of attacks from inferior forces has set in further after rumors of Afro-Islamic genocide going on in Tripolitania. Although still allowing Christian merchants as it is needed for the economy to remain, Sultan Adnaan al-Aziz believes it will be not coming with a prepared declaration. The forts in الجزائر‎ (Algiers) as well as in قسنطينة‎  (Constantine) are fully updated this year.  
  • Dai Viet: Lê Lợi doesn't accept the offer from Trần Thiêm Bình. His plan was always to defeat Emperor Hồ but he won't become an official of the puppet state of the Heavenly Kingdom (referring to China) as he want a fully independent Dai Viet state. He sends a replying envoy saying that he will still wage a war against the Ho dynasty but won't become an official of the Tran dynasty without saying his true intention of overthrowing Trần Thiêm Bình once he finished defeating the Hồ's. He also states that he needs support from the Trần army and convince Trần Thiêm Bình to try to limit Tian influence in the war as much as possible [MOD RESPONSE]. Meanwhile, as Lê Lợi getting more and more support from the people, his army is continuing to grow stronger, reaching 25,000 men. Lê Lợi is plotting a full war against the Hồ dynasty in a few year's time.
    • The Tian Emperor allows Tran to fight the war independently but sends 5,000 troops to support him to take power
  • Wattasid Kingdom: Due to the fall of marinid (just like OTL) their plan is done to conquer Cueta we're recurrently discusing about the restoration of al-Andalus and sace the andals Muslims toward the Christian's regime the impact didn't go well is because of the revolt recently week ago and is stopped. They plan to create a vassal state requested by the official vivizer Since the house of Wattasid's ask that they remain merchants from money the ruler believe that he would get more states and tribes colonie to built his own homeland's construction to mordernising like other nation the authorities as now seizing control of the Marinid dynasty's realm a conquer expansion is being going soon in a state African-Mediterranean sourrounding by basin and complete enter the stage of enclosed by the land the client state of what they provided and pay is Debdou claim as the new vassal also the remain community on the realm on south coastic tagmardat is being a vassal from the vivizer's under the regime a mosque is being built to style luxury and umayyad inspiration work like in granada they provide to promote the merchants on the coast and the basin to gain us money and continue from fortification they still allow people from Europe to pay' them since we are communicate friendly in polticials relation the conquest expansion is done as the ruler of the wattasid Mohammed would only He controlled only the northern part of Morocco (OTL as always) to gain more power and control Gibraltar to sizing andalus and go in march of war his plan was wanted restore an independence Muslim-European state in the south without that he would gain more power for it' the berber language has now become the official language including with arabic to being fully updated to the new law's of what is writted.The Islamic influence has been in enter of stage's development due lack of ecomony in afro-islamic country is continue being with the client merchants in souik are fully pay well and gain richesse resource the fort in tanger is well constructed and lack of position control in the coast's at South of algerisars which they would make more power they send supplies to gian food and built from the convince of the kingdom to plotting a friendly merchants and development this is also development the current ethnic relation and growing up money we do more conquer on south from the culture expansionist and mission to be friendly to convert from West islamic's style which is improved verywell in our result we also provide to promote merchants on the basin to gain money and trade intereset of what they want or not the development has into in early of complete and sizing the mosque's building in interest help cultural with the sub-africans and coastic people and cassablanca become most of important city just like Fez (in OTL) and grain more new population to growup.
  • Kingdom of Eiru: Confounded by the irregular winds and the difficulty of the return journey from Greenland to Iceland the Oighear an ice ship used for plying the icy waters of the north Atlantic is redesigned with a lateen sail running from fore to aft to allow it to perform tacking and beating better when sailing up wind. More supplies are sent to Greenland via way of Iceland. The fortifications and improvements of Ireland's ports are finished now. Further land enclosure in Tir Eoghain, the Pale, MacCoughlan, Desmond, Thormond and Kearney. Violence breaks out in the Earldom of Desmond in response to land enclosure and a number of people are killed. Work continues on improving navigation of the rivers Barrow and Suir by building canals to move around the non navigable sections. With the completion of drainage works on Upper and Lower Lough Erne new work begins in the Pale at the mouth of the River Ilfrey where it empties into Dublin bay by building a large embankment wall from the shore out to sea to stop the silting up of the Dublin channel.
  • Majapahit Empire: The forces of Majapahit are ordered to relaunch the attack on Sarawak making use of the resources of the region to build siege weapons from catapults to trebuchets aimed at decimating the city. A group of ships are ordered to move up the Sarawak river and siege the city at its ports with their shipbound cetbangs and rentakas to fire upon the city. In order to weaken the city, sappers are deployed to weaken its defenses through tunnel digging and hit-run attacks. Bhayangkara troops armed with hand cannons are deployed in order to demoralize the enemy on any efforts made by the defenders to assault the siege force. The armored Bhayangkara troops are held in reserve in order to be committed as elite troops wherever they were needed. (Mod Response/Algo). The naval forces at Balikpapan are to deploy into Balikpapan bay and fire upon the city with their cetbangs and rentakas onboard with siege engines constructed to decimate the city's infrastructure. Sappers are sent forward to weaken the garrisoned enemy forces in order to make it far easier for the troops stationed outside to crush the remaining defenders. (Mod Response/Algo). The guild continues to avoid Bruneian ports in order to deprive them of goods and ferry supplies to the Red faction of the Tondo Kingdom in order to support their end of the war effort but avoid any troop commitments. Trade continues but has slowed greatly due to the war in Brunei forcing the guild bank to provide funds to support them with the government providing loans to the guild bank.
  • Empire of Ethiopia: The Emperor marches his main army southward, taking his remaining 7,000 men to link up with the Chewa and Christian Somali forces at the Siege of Mogadishu. With news of his brother’s arrival imminent, and realizing that there is no point in further resistance, the Emperor’s rebel brother Yeshaq sends men to negotiate a surrender, offering to give up the city so long as he is allowed to live in exile. The Emperor, not wanting a long drawn out siege that would damage the most prosperous city in Ajuran, Ethiopia’s most prominent vassal, intends to accept the offer. However, the Church intervenes. Arguing that Zara Yeshaq renunciation of Christianity and subsequent conversion to Islam must be punished with death. The Emperor, not wanting a siege and unwilling to allow the Church kill his brother, refuses, not wanting a precedent of Church officials having the power to execute royal family members. He instead offers a compromise wherein Yeshaq will be required to reconvert to Christianity and be publicly humiliated and converted. If Yeshaq refuses, he will be tried and executed for treason. Yeshaq, with no other option, agrees. The Emperor’s army enters the city, finally ending the five-year civil war. Tewodros’s men brings his brother Yeshaq to a public square, where he is forced to publicly renounce Islam and admit he only converted because he was deceived by the devil. He is publicly denounced and insulted by the Emperor’s personal priest, who criticize him for stupidly falling for the devil’s tricks. He is then reconverted to Christianity, before being put on a dhow and sent to India. The Emperor immediately makes plans to annex Ajuran into the Empire, taking advantage of the war to exert Ethiopian influence over the vassal. The Emperor orders his army to begin attacking villages of rebellious Muslim tribes. The Ethiopian army begins burning, plundering and razing Muslim settlements as retribution for supporting the rebellion. Fleeing the persecution, many Muslims flee inland toward the Islamic Sultanate of Kelafo.
  • Roman Empire: More hay is made while the sun shines. With the taxes on the peasantry lowered, rural quality of life increases and levels of educational attainment and investment show signs of increasing. Exports and trade revenues fill the imperial coffers and allow for the repayment of several outstanding loans from earlier wars. Pressure between the church and mercantile factions over the question of usury continues to mount. Though not illegal in practice, usury comes to carry a significant stigma, and is denounced readily by church authorities. Within the church, some liberals support the concept of “Just Usury” or low interest loans that do not make the debtor impoverished. However, these theologians are a small minority. To get around this stigma most merchants and bankers have begun to employ the “Corpus” of the ancient Justinian Law Code. Though usually reserved for public entities, these merchants have been able to exploit bribes and legalism to establish private bodies with artificial legal personhood. Thus, the sin of usury and ire of the church is redirected to a non-person. Investment and incorporation of these new institutions has come to be the primary activity in the Forum of the Ox, a large open plaza lined by stalls and meeting chambers. The forum is significant for its ease of access to the major ports of the city, as well as its location on the main road. A census is conducted to asses the tax and manpower base. (Census Please)
  • Swiss Confederacy: The Central Council is pleased with the signing of the Treaty of Saint Vith that resolves Lotharingia's conflict with the Holy Roman Empire and the Papacy. They are somewhat nervous about the selection of a Habsburg as caretaker Emperor until the election of 1423, but are reassured the Habsburgs have no ambitions in the Alpine region at the moment. The Central Council now pays close attention to the diplomatic and military situation in France, particularly watching whether King Louis XI of France will go along with the Treaty of Saint Vith and recognise Pope Martin V. Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg personally writes a letter to Louis XI urging him to do this. (France response) Some soldiers of the joint military of the Confederacy are readied on reserve, mainly at Neuchâtel Castle, in case conflict breaks out again France, though no soldiers or mercenaries are currently sent out of Switzerland. At the same time, the joint military focuses on improving the fortifications of the western cities of Neuchâtel, Geneva, Lausanne and Pontarlier. Domestically, the government works on improving roads in the central Cantons of Schwyz, Uri, Unterwalden, Gersau, Zug and Glarus. Bishop of Basel and Cardinal Humbrecht von Neuenburg dies and is succeeded as Bishop by Hartmann II von Munchenstein. Later in the year, Bishop of Geneva Jean de Bertrand dies and is succeeded by Jean de la Rochetaillée. The Central Council sends an envoy to Pope Martin V, asking him to create de la Rochetaillée as cardinal to replace the deceased von Neuenburg. (Papal response) Marie of Anjou-Lenzburg and William Capet have their second child, a son named Francis (b. 1418). Based on the discussions of the Bernese scholars the previous year, the Bern Library publishes a book on the game of chess similar to that published by the Zürich Library but featuring the "short assize" starting position rather than the "long assize" set-up in Zürich's book.
    • Papal Diplomacy: Pope Martin V creates Jean de la Rochetaillée as cardinal.
  • Papal States: The death of Falkenstein is see as an act of God by the people of the PapaL States and tales about his death spread. Some say that Falkenstein had a vision of Saint Peter with a sword in his hand and of the Virgin Mary, which overcome the antipope with so much fear that he killed himself. Pope Martin V continues to offer amnesty to the cardinals that supported Falkenstein if they swear allegiance to him [MOD response needed, please]. With the Treaty of Saint Vith signed, the pope removes the excommunication of Vicent of Lotharingia. He also exhort Louis XI of France and Ciri of Portugal to do the same, this way Martin will remove the excommunication [France and Portugal response needed, please]. Pope Martin V condemn the sack of the towns near Aachen as desnecessary since the conflict was settled with the treaty. To help, the pope sends physicians and priests of the Army of Mercy to help the people that suffered. They will bring supplies. Cardinal Tommaso Perendoli is chosen as the new Cardinal-Secretary. With the radical hussites organizing themselves, the pope decides to help organize the Catholic Hussites. He officialy declares the Hussite-rite hierarchy independent of the Latin-rite hierarchy in Bohemia and writes to Jan Hus offering to him the position of Patriarch of the Catholic Hussites. If he don't accept, Martin V suggests Hus' friend Jakoubek ze Stříbra (Jacob of Mies) for this position and confirms the Church of Saint Lawrence as the Patriarchal See, raising it to Patriarchal Cathedral of Saint Lawrence. The pontiff also says that the next patriarchs will be elected by a Synod of Hussite Bishops [MOD response needed, please]. Leonardo Da Nacho, Headmaster of Saint Augustine's University, continues to act as a father to Ari VI. Sister Anna Forti continues to do works of charity with other Mercedine nuns. Inspired by his studies of the works of John Duns Scotus about the Immaculate Conception of Mary, Ari Sturlungur travels to Migliarelli, wanting to visit the place of Our Lady of Hope appeared. The deceased Benedict XI leaved in his will great sums of money to finance the construction of a sanctuary in honor of the Lady of Monte Ceresa in Migliarelli.
    • Republic of Ancona: The economy of the Republic continues to grow due to the trade relations with Arles, Tripolitana and Byzantium. New galleys are build in the shipyards of Ancona. The Elders send diplomats to the Kingdom of Cyprus, asking to establish maritime relations and warehouses [MOD response needed, please].
    • Jan Hus appreciates the offer, but declines holding a church office himself. Jacob of Mies will accept.
  • Kingdom of Portugal: Queen Cirí begins building schools and universities in most majort cities in Portugal like Porto, Braganca, etc. This is done to increase the education of the peasants and make them understand what a lovely ruler the queen is. For the first time in Portuguese history, the queen nominates a famous painter to the court position of Royal painter.
  • Georgian Empire: Crown Prince Anastasios II and his Byzantine Greek wife, Theodora, finally consummate their marriage. By the end of the year, Theodora gives birth to a son, whom they name “Alexander”. Since Bagrat V continues to be embroiled in the war with the Timurids, Anastasios II continues to oversee government affairs. The war effort continues to be supported by a massive tax surplus. Royal foundries are built, though the majority of military equipment is still procured from contracts with private workshops. To help with the proper administration of the new territories, the bureaucracy (state ministries) are expanded. The Georgian class system is imposed upon the annexed territories in Iran: all feudal dependents are converted into serfs, while allies are given noble status. This also creates a new class of “landed gentry”, which the Crown hopes to use to cement Georgian rule. A middling class comprised of free peasants, merchants, and craftsmen exist. Esfahan continues to be besieged by 50,000 troops (40 percent mounted archers, 30 percent lancers, and 30 percent infantry or cannoneers). Enemy sorties are quickly dealt with; their attempts to relieve the siege are met with projectile fire. Trenches surrounding the city are built. These are built in a zigzag pattern, to prevent Georgian troops from getting enfiladed by enemy fire. More cannons and cannons of higher caliber are used. Though the city walls are high, they are also relatively thin; the cannons are fired simultaneously, a straight line, to quickly destroy the bases of the walls. The war makes Bagrat V and his close companion and favorite, Rostam even closer. Bagrat V begins to write secular poetry, with some poems about his companion – whom he lovingly refers to as his “brother”. Their platonic friendship is viewed as in accordance with medieval ideals of knighthood and camaraderie. Bagrat V would introduce bare-knuckle boxing (first introduced into the country by his father, the late Zekariya) within the army; he would also promote equestrianism – with some merchants and rich peasants buying horses and engaging on horseback archery in emulation of the nobility. Tamar II dies at the age of 88, she is buried in the Gelati Monastery. She will be remembered for the annexation of Azerbaijan, fostering closer relations with the House of Hulagu (now the Hulagushvili’s), and ushering Georgia into a period of recovery after the Black Death. 
  • Latin Empire: Emperor Marcus praises the death of Falkenstein and hopes this will soon bring an end to the bloody Schism. Also Marcus has another child with his wife Mathilda which it is a girl that they name Agnes Alfonso. but something horrible happens. The Latin Patriarch and Cardinal of the Latin Empire Angelo Correr dies at the very old age of 92. The Emperor is sadden by this death and sends a letter to Pope Martin V to ask him if he can appoint a new Latin Patriarch and also make him a Cardinal. He recommends the Pope to appoint Antonio Correr which is the nephew of Angelo so that Antonio can continue his Uncles work on spreading Catholicism in the Orthodox lands of our Empire(Papal Responds Needed). In the Duchy of Athens, the Principality of Achaea,and the Duchy of the Archipelago the nobles ask Emperor Marcus to assist them on building coastal defenses to strengthen their ability to defend against an navel invasion. The Emperor send our Marshal John II Crispo to help the nobles on their project. In the Kingdom of Thessaloniki the economy is thriving but tragedy stickes when long running King Theodore II Monterfrate dies. The title of king goes to his son John II Monterfrate. he first marries his sister Sofia Monterfrate. He also meets with some important Venetian Merchants and allows tax exemptions on them in secret. He does this in secret so he will not anger the other merchants who are being taxed. In the Duchy of the Archipeligo Duke Giacomo I Crispo dies of the flu. Due to Salic Law being introduced a decade ago which excluded his daughter from becoming Dutchess his Brother John II Crispo becomes Duke of the Archipelago. also Bishop Sefano of Naxos and Tinos dies. due to the Latin Patriach being dead the Council of Mystria appoints Pantaleo Dioscoro di Nasso becomes Bishop of Naxos and Tinos. an second College opens in the Empire which it opens in the Kingdom of Albania in the city of Elbasen and it is called the University of Dyrrachium which is a Theological University. In the Principality of Achaea Stefan De Superano become old enough to rule and becomes Prince Stefan I. In city of Thebes Centurione II Zaccaria becomes Baron of Thebes and increases Silk production in the city to improve the economy 
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di":' Peace comes to eastern Lotharingia as the treaty of Saint Vith is signed. Emperor Feinsan of Regnier is forced to step down as emperor. Thus he once again is only King of Lotharingia, this makes it for once and all "Lotharingia is Not Germany". "Lorraine n'est pas Allemagne, Lothiers es niet Duytsch", King Feinsan of Lotharingia being furious at the peace negotiations. He belives they were done in such a way that would confuse him and make sure he would look like a fool. Peasant in the towns serounding being furious at Sigismund's sacking of their towns, as they are now poor and without houses foods or wares to sell. This combined with the small husite comunities and other small churches come into revolt in open disobedience of King Feinsan of Lotharingia. 2,000 of the 3,000 strong Aachen Guard even joining the rebelion and Demanding the resignation of King Feinsan of Lotharingia, Some calling for more power to the Senate while others want Godfrey to reign devine as a sole ruler. In Maestricht, Bergen, Luitich and Verdun peasants and even some of the local town guards, begin to occupy buildings held by the house of Regnier and their representatives. 'The Rebellion against King Feinsan being very disorganised and splintered, and factions want their own view on Lotharingia. The Most extreme of these factions being the Radical husites whom are called Hussieren, as they want complete equality of the Religions and the end of the papal Hierarchy. The Parliamentsts being more moderate, as they just want to renegotiate the Aachen union and the power between the King and Senate. The most popular factions being the Friedists who desire more direct rule by heir to the throne Godfrey of Regnier an end of the senate and the elections behind the senate. Most supported of the Friedists being soldiers and veterans who demand revenge for the sacking of Lotharingian towns the loss of Aachen as solely Loraine. The soldiers on the last loyal front joining the rebelion in great numbers, even if not all the same faction. Those who are still loyal to the King of Lotharingia are ordered, to stay on their current defences. As the army cannot do more then hold the borders as they are, thus Feinsan prepares himself for a peace. Feinsan offering peace to the Duke of Burgundy, and until a peace can be made a truce (Burgundy response). On the sea's the "Amstelse handels company" begins to feel the loss of trade connections, as now trade with France is frowned upon. France being their mean buyer of Amstel goods, the company needing to change their trade partners due to fear of Imperial Sigismundian violence. One Company that does keep good bussiness is the "Den Rote hand Compagnie", as Mukadoor island begins to become fully functional. The island being able to load goods of into ships without any difficulty, the islands population growing to couple of hundred. Most of these men being temporary workers and sailers who await refreshments to be loaded upon these ships. While Fresh food is the main element being brought on the ships, cannons are loaded of and on for repairs. As the use of these cannons begins to become more common even on Merchant ships. This practice being done already for about three decades by the Neue Königlich-Lotharingische Marine, who now has 75 cogs. 50 of those cogs being Jersey-cogs with faster speed and more storage room, which is caused by the adding of more sails to these ships. This extra freight room being use for these modern Lotharingian Cannons, as many companies make cannons for comericial and millitary ends.
  • Empire of Japan: The focus this year turns to the developing trade in South East Asia and the Azuma Chiheisen archipelago. The increasing trade with Maynila and Manguinadao has prompted new and increased investment into the expansion of the trade ships going to and from as well as the evaluation of Fort Koba as a site for a more serious port. The land is surveyed clearly and a swath of relatively uninhabited territory is claimed by the Fort Koba Settlement. This brings the establishment of some port facilities here now known as Aparri (apparently this was an OTL Japanese trading outpost.) It sees direct members of the Trade guild erect the port facilities and maintain a settled presence here especially as the region becomes an easy stopping point for trade ships going to the other Azuma islands kingdoms. Boasting about 50 people it is almost exclusively manned by those willing to make the route from Appari to Fort Koba while short it is still relatively new and not much overwatch stands over the route. However, with the nearby natives being relatively passive and friendly, this has yet to become an issue. The island of Karafuto continues its development with its towns and cities continuing to grow specifically Toyohara which continually asserts its dominance as the chief city on Karafuto. The northern port of Oka continues to grow as well as its worth on the fur ranging and whaling routes grows more apparent. Developmetn in Kowa also continues slowly by surely as the small settlement continues to grow accomodating more of the expanding fur industry in what is clearly becomming seen as a goldmind in Kamchatka.
  • Duchy of Burgundy: Phillip III the Good, Duke of Burgundy, personally leading his army, along with his father, John the Fearless, with 22.500 men under his command, continues to assault the city of Albi to open the way for the city of Toulouse, (Or if Albi has fallen then we move on to occupy the cities of Casrtes and Lavour that lack fortifications and to siege the city of Montauban once again and finally Toulouse if everything else has fallen) that is essential to fall for our war effort to assist the Spanish and Auvergnans/Swiss there against the Heretic King of France, a battle that would in all likelyhood determine the outcome of this war. Prince Jean I of Monaco leads the 1.500 troops that the Southern French nobles chose to provide us with to boolster our cause, attaching themselves to the main army, bringing it to a total of 24,000 men. If the French choose to engage us in open battle a flanking manouvre is carried out against them by our experience commander, John the Fearless, using our superior numbers and the terrain to our advantage to encircle the French forces. Since His Most Holiness, the Pope, in essence is appointed by God and creating an Antipope is questioning almighty GOD himself, our bishops as representatives of the Catholic Church denounces the vile Anti-Pope Falkenstein. We propose to Louis III of Anjou, Duke Phillip III's first cousin and son of the late Louis II of Anjou that was stripped of the Counties of Anjou and Maine to restore his rightfull possessions if he joins our side in this ongoing war, committing troops to our cause. We also ask his relatives, Angevin King William of Arles being the most prominent, to provide Louis III of Anjou with troops help him reclaim his birthright that was unlawfully seized by the French King and the usurper Count Phillip the Bastard of Maine back in 1382. [​Mod Response​] Duke Phillip III the good appeals to John I, Duke of Bourbon, Count of Forez and Clermont-en-Beauvaisis as well as John, Duke of Berry and Count of Pointou to join our rightfull cause, as King Louis XI has been consistently disregarding the ancient rights of the nobility, while also appealing to their piety, how could they support such a vile heretic while the soul of France is at stake here. Phillip III also promises to restore once again and respect the ancient rights of the nobility, that have been stamped over by the power hungry absolutist tyrant King Louis XI, never to restrict them, while he promises to reward them with great possessions, shall they join him in his rightfull quest to reclaim his birthright, the Kingdom of France itself. [​Mod Response​].
    • Louis III of Anjou accept to help, but can only provide a few hundred volunteers for the time being

1419

The Conclave of Paris elects Bishop Simon of Cramaud as the new Pope to succeed Mark II, taking on the papal name of Pope Clement VII. However, with the pressure of the Anglo-French conflict and the ongoing civil conflict in Ireland, the support of the Papal schism is quickly faltering.

The eruption of civil war in Lothairingia prompts the radical Hussites to establish their permenant pressence there, where the Taborites particularly support a religious conflict immediately following the death of Pope Mark. In one such incident, a number of city councilers and representatives of King Vincent are thrown out the window of the city hall of Mons, known as the "Defenstration of Mons". The Imperial electors in Aachen dispatch a volunteer force to help suppress the conflict, in light of their obligation to the Treaty of Saint Vith. This is further complicated by the fact that many local clerics remain from the organizaiton appointed by Pope Mark.

A revolution in gunpowder technology is taking place over the course of this generation. Venice and other Italian states fully develop cannons mounted on ships, which are independently used by the Korean navy as well. The Balkans now regularly use large calibre cannons for use of sieges.

King Sejong ascends to the throne of Korea. Frustrated by years of dealing with the Wokou pirates in the Sea of Japan, Sejong dispatches an expedition to invade Tsushima island with 18,000 troops.

John the Fearless, former Duke of Burgundy meets with an ambassador from the Duke William of Orleans. Suddenly, a knight named Tanneguy du Châtel charges forward and cleaves John's face with an axe, exclaiming "this is what you deserve!" The former Duke dies from his wounds.

A disease breakout in Arnarsland wipes out 2/3 of the Icelandic colonists there. The constant drain of resources to sustain the overseas empire of Iceland begins to noticbly wear on the finances of the Celtic Confederacy, and distabalizes Iceland's economy as well.

The Abbasid Caliphate is relocated to Cairo, where they finally restore the previous ecumenical Caliphate not used for the last 80 years. In Baghdad, the Georgian governors of Mesopotamia apprehend a number of Islamic scholars attempting to flee the city with large numbers of books on Islamic literature. These theologians fear greatly for their lives and the saftey of Baghdad, in memory of the sacking and destruction wrote by the days of Hulagu Khan.

The Timurid ruler Shah Rukh sends an ambassador to the court of the Tian Emperor of China, led by Ghiyath Naqqash.

The Foundling Hospital in Florence is constructed on the designs of Filippo Bruneschelli, decorated with scenes of the Adoration of the Magi.

In Tibet, Je Tsongkhapa establishes the Geluk school of Tibetan Buddhism.

  • The Iroquois Confederacy: We do more baby making. We are keeping make a primitive rune/pictograph writing system which is being improved over time. We start to hunt and move around about nation more. We also start to farm corn, squash and more. We start to sell furs and beads to other tribes. We make more worshiping places around our nations. We start to have more oral and cultural exchanges with each other. We start to trap animals for fur. We start to make a lot of weapons for the future. We build more longhouses around the nation, peace for now is declared in a state of security for the expansive territories of each tribe. We start to train in canoe warfare and keep making giant war canoes. This also develops major cultural connections within the Five Tribes. We also pass down many stories. We have many births during this time. This is the region of Hiawatha.
  • Swiss Confederacy: The Central Council pays close attention to the new conflict in Lotharingia; there are some debates about whether the Swiss Confederacy should send mercenaries to Lotharingia but ultimately they decide to bide their time and not send out any troops yet to give the military more time to recuperate from the long conflicts in France. The six bishops of the Swiss Confederacy publicly criticise and denounce Antipope Clement VII for trying to continue the papal schism despite the signing of the Treaty of Saint Vith which recognises Pope Martin V as the one true pontiff. The Central Council is annoyed at King Louis XI of France for supporting the antipope, though they also do not yet take any official action on this matter and instead wait to see what King David III of Scotland and King Francis III of Spain, privately agreeing that if Louis XI continues supporting Antipope Clement VII they would back Scotland or Spain if they decide to take more military action. Some soldiers of the joint military of the Swiss Confederacy and Swiss mercenaries remain on standby at Neuchâtel Castle because of these two potential situations for deployment. Meanwhile, the remainder of the joint military works on repairing and improving the fortifications of the cities of Sion and Bern which were damaged in the internal Raron conflict. Domestically, the government focuses on funding and improving boatbuilding on Lake Constance at the cities of Bregenz in the Canton of Montfort and Constance in the Canton of Constance, while new boatbuilding efforts are begun in the cities of Geneva and Lausanne on Lake Geneva to improve trade and the general economy in that region. In response to an earlier discussion between Ulrich VII, Count of Lenzburg and King Domnhall II of Iceland, Ulrich VII sends an envoy to Iceland to propose a marriage between Ulrich VII's son Friedrich von Lenzburg (b. 1403) and Domnhall II's daughter Freyja Sturlungur (b. 1401). (Iceland response) Eberhard IV, Count of Württemberg (1388-1419), husband of Ulrich VII's sister Margaret (b. 1380), dies of a disease and is succeeded as Count by his son Konrad III (b. 1409). Because of Konrad's young son, his mother Margaret will serve as regent of Württemberg until he reaches adulthood. Ulrich VII attend Eberhard IV's funeral and Konrad III's elevation, and uses the occasion to propose a formal political alliance between the Swiss Confederacy and the County of Württemberg. (Mod response) Later in the year, Michelle of Anjou-Lenzburg (1357-1419), mother of Engelbert I & IV, Elector of Saxony and Count of the Mark, and aunt of William VI, King of Arles, dies of natural causes. With the publication of the Bern Library's book about chess to rival that of the Zürich Library, there are renewed debates amongst the nobles of Switzerland about the differences between the "long assize" (Zürich) or the "short assize" (Bern) starting position in chess and which, if any, is "better".
    • The County of Wurttemberg is willing to ally
  • Iceland: Using horticultural glass provided by the Irish and Scottish glass houses are constructed in the eastern settlement of Greenland to grow carrots, broccoli and beetroot which should shelter them from the frost and allow them to grow while a barrier of infant trees is placed around the settlement to grow in size and shield the settlements from winds. Labourers travel over on constructed Oighear's in the summer to build new additional earth insulated barns and housing for animals and people. The amount of cattle is increased while clover is introduced as a crop being grown to be used as winter fodder for the cattle. The amount of water and ice fishing is increased using supplies from Scotland and Ireland. The change to increase fish and meat as well as eat foods which grow better in cold conditions should help keep the population of the eastern settlement fed. Prince Andrès uses pipes from Hvers to heat these Greenhouses. And due to the disease outbreak the government builds stronger bases, better houses and then they are pulled back to Greenland. We accept the Swiss proposal and Freyja is sent away.
  • Mali Empire: The developments of the Mali Empire on the continent had reached a steady plateau at this point, content with the fully modernized infrastructure across all the cities of the Niger river valley. Trade with the Hafsid Sultanate helped to exchange ideas and technology for the construction of new architecture. The dome of the Grand Mosque of Timbuktu, which was first built at this time, borrowed extensively from the Almohad style of construction championed by the Hafsids. Mosaic art and stained glass also greatly flourished a this time period, decorating the interior dome of Timbuktu and the Palace of Musa in Niani with ornate scenes of the Quran and the life of Abu Yunus. The major cities of Timbuktu, Dakar, Niani, and to a lesser extent Njimi and Gao all are now some of the most modern cities in Africa. The rest of the main cities and villages of Mali are similarly urbanized, but still retain a more early medieval or Dark Age structure. At this point, Mansa Musa II fully transitioned the focus of Mali's expansion to the sea instead of the land. Canons are fully mounted on ships at this time, utilizing lighter cannons purchased from the European trading partners in Iberia and Italy. Morters are similarly built along the coast of Dakar and Sidi, in preparation of a strong coastal defense from the ongoing rivalry with Portugal. The full fleet of Mali now consists of a couple dozen large ships including galleys and carracks. Ismail ibn Ishaq takes the first full expedition of ships from Mali to the far south, hoping to create new trading partners along the sea that does not rely on the Carvan trade. He establishes one outpost near OTL Cameroon and two outposts near the Congo River. The army of Mali is concerned with falling behind the recent developments of gunpowder going on in Europe, and they hope they can reach out to their allies and trading partners to facilitate this new technology in exchange for lucrative deals.
  • Wattasid kingdom: Mohammed had enjoy his own expansion and the diccusion of his own plan strategtic on Morocco's expansion as ruler of in ifriqya' we full trying to make out mordernized from this period and took some city classify as a trade commercial's from nation and benefit with European nations to reestablish the trade at the afrocoastic's atlantic we gain control on it to gain more principalities and built more mosques and praticing the movement of islamic style and due of development stage early the forces has gain seaports in control of the vivzer and each states of focusing on the occupation alongside with the caliphates a presence feeling social is in the principalities client of tagmadert the village tribes who gain their own share development and Mohammed enjoy himself with abu' as the authorities in hierachy viewpoint one of his force fully took over of melila and mordernising in Morocco to gain more money and trade intereset to gain rid of the spaniard's control of Spain we also deport the immigration mozarabic people in the region and avoiding the persecution in granada the wattasid only control the south port due politicals reason and give supplies from richesse resource in that way, the mozarabic has learn some technical Christianity theologically from work and chants church in Tanger in the north the jews were finally in fine population to gain avoiding the chaos in Andalus (Granada and South Ibera in OTL) and the states has now an entrepot with the Maghreb with mozarabic discusion it' and is open directly to sub-Saharan African sea and those states become an important center toward community claim itself' own with the alomhads and wattasid relation to Mohammed's expansionist and his vassals properly the organization of army are well purchased and upgraded as a benefit stronger class in preparation of a stage development from the Maghreb state and support of the berber's tribes to develop who scenarioning with them' and a ship is well building toward the help of community we do mostly conquer and conquest of stage development from the alomhad's rivalry and a few berber and arabic were full coupled with Muslims to convert Christianity under the moors rule in Maghreb and Europe the language become a minority among in our states spoke alongside with the amazights classified as the number one and arabic the second itself'  because they paid the jizyah and establish with the islamic law to haid high office administrator under some ruler and praticans with skills and advanced work from the Moroccan's theologians movement and intereset social media  and their co-religionists in Ifriqya and Granada among the level literature culture among the northern Christians was inferior with the Maghreb's position due for that reason The ability of the Mozarabs to assimilate into Moorish culture while maintaining their Christian faith's side has often caused them to be depatched by the western scholar a strong alliance with the Roman Catholics in Europe and Maghreb that, however, the historians justify them in the period and the expansion of the sultan had come primarily through conversion and absorption (as in OTL what I'm following) and remaing the mozarab community into on it and a secondary stages development movement immigration in North Africa and our mordernisation society We also want the Christians under of our rule had been want mozarabic been an important language in our state that we want more Christians to gain interest and society discusion of pleace development. (Mod reponse).
    • The Mozarabic Christians accept.
  • Papal States: Pope Martin V condemn the Conclave realized in Paris and excommunicates Simon of Cramaud as a schismatic. However, Martin V continues to offer amnesty to the cardinals that abandon Cramaud and swear loyalty to him in Rome [MOD response needed, please]. The Holy Father creates as cardinals John of Heinsberg (Liege), Dietrich II von Moers (Cologne), Astorgio Agnesi (Republic of Ancona), Julian Cesarini (Papal States), Zbigniew Olensnicki (Poland-Lithuania), Antonio Correr (Latin Empire) and Jacob of Mies (Bohemia). As requested by Emperor Marcus, Cardinal Antonio Correr is declared as the Latin Patriarch of Constantinople. Seeing the situation with the radical Hussites, Pope Martin V writes to Jan Hus and to the Hussite Cardinal-Patriarch Jacob of Mies asking their help to appease the Taborites in Lotharingia. The pontiff says in the letter that they are becoming violent and tells about the "Defenstration of Mons". He hopes that Hus and Jacob, as prominent Hussites, will be able to convince the Taborites to stop their violence [MOD response needed, please]. Leonardo Da Nacho, Headmaster of Saint Augustine's University, continues to act as a father to Ari VI. Sister Anna Forti continues to do works of charity with other Mercedine nuns. Ari Sturlungur visits the location of the apparitions of Our Lady of Hope in Migliarelli. There, he sees the construction of the sanctuary of the Lady of Monte Ceresa starting. This sanctuary is being build with the money that deceased Benedict XI leaved in his will.
    • Republic of Ancona: The economy of the Republic continues to grow due to the trade relations with Arles, Tripolitana and Byzantium. New galleys are built in the shipyards of Ancona.
  • Kingdom of Eiru: Taking into account the strain on the finances the provision of supplies to Greenland is halted for the foreseeable future. Though some Hippophae or sea buckthorn is imported from Europe and dispatched to Greenland via way of Iceland for growing in Greenland. It's extreme hardiness and high vitamin c content make it suited for Greenland. Otherwise affairs remain normal in Ireland.
  • Empire of Ethiopia: The Emperor stays in Mogadishu, helping to reorganize Ajuran into a province of the Empire. With most rebel Muslim settlements destroyed and their populaces fleeing northward, the Emperor awards half of the rebellious Muslim lands to the Christian nobles who supported the Emperor in the war. The other half, mainly the coastline, is placed under Imperial control, with the Emperor appointing five-person councils of Mesafint to rule cities and settlements. These five-person councils are all Amharic and Tigray nobles. Having defeated his rebellious brothers and annexed two rebel vassals into the Empire, Tewodros returns home victorious. With the civil war known as the “Prince’s War” having come to an end, the Emperor takes steps to begin his reign with stability and legitimacy. He first organizes a large funeral for his father, and interns him in the Imperial Mausoleum. He also begins ordering all mints to begin minting coins with his face on them. The after effects of the Prince’s War create several new developments in the former vassal states. In Ajuran, the open destruction and plundering of Muslim settlements severely depopulates certain regions, with Muslim refugees flooding into the inland Sultanate of Kelafo to escape the rampaging Christian forces. Additionally, the victory of the Christian forces in Ajuran is largely attributed by the local Somalis to the intervention of St. Laurentius. Most, if not all, Somali nobles begin allowing monks of the Somali Order of St. Laurentius to begin building Churches in their lands. The influence of the Order and of St. Laurentius in general rises heavily following the war, with many declaring St. Laurentius the patron saint of Somalia. This irritates the Order of St. Anthony, who views the Order of St. Laurentius as illegitimate and seeks to preserve their theological monopoly over the Empire. 
  • Dai Viet: The Hồ dynasty is getting less and less followers as many followed them has turned to Lê Lợi, saying that the Ho dynasty is not legitimate. From the peak at ~100,000 men, the Ho army is now reduced to 50,000 men. The rumours that Lê Lợi has the Heaven's support spread quicker than ever. There is no way back for the Hồ's and their dynasty now. Le Loi's army has grown to 50,000 men. The Hồ's had fled and moved their capital to Thanh Hoa, while on the throne in Thang Long is Tran Thiem Binh. However, some of the Viet people, having believed that Le Loi holds the Heaven's will, don't consider Tran Thiem Binh to be legitimate either, and support Le Loi to the throne. Also, some historians and former officials of the Tran dynasty are secretly questioning Tran Thiem Binh's legitimacy as they do not recall him in the former Tran dynasty whatsoever. Le Loi now has what he needed: A good army, the trust of his people, trust-worthy and smart nobles, there's nothing to stop him from defeating the Ho's. This also put Tran Thiem Binh in an awkward situation as he doesn't get support from his people either and fearing his state might collapse. Le Loi sends an envoy to Tran Thiem Binh denying all of this even though that is his intention, also requesting Tran Thiem Binh to order producing some artillery and cannons modelled after some of Ho Nguyen Trung's. (During his reign as the prince, Ho Nguyen Trung paid attention to the military and invented some cannon types modelled after Tian China's).
  • Kingdom of France: The Treaty of Saint Vith is signed by a war-weary France. One by one, the cardinals and bishops are gradually reconciled with the Church of Rome. Yet dissent persists in some places, and that dissent runs largely without restriction or punishment from the still-sympathetic authorities. The assassination of John the Fearless is celebrated as due justice, and Tanneguy du Châtel is hailed as a hero. King Louis XI, now growing a bit sick and aging fast, devotes more of his time to religion, working with his subjects, and general upkeep. He eases the tax burden on the city of Paris and funds construction projects there. He expands the port of Rouen and improves the infrastructure in Normandy. He makes several compromises between factions of nobles and burghers. Much of the French army is brought to the defense of Albi and Toulouse. Other battalions are sent to occupy the illegal Scottish holdings in Auvergne. The Kingdom of Scotland and its people are now reviled in every corner of France for their notorious unreliability. One diplomat spoke for all France when he "wished Scotland would fall into the sea". Also, the Treaty of Rysel is unequivocally rejected as a false document for its flagrantly illegal attempts to carve Imperial land out of the interior of France without granting the kingdom any say in the matter. It is derided in the courts as "a treaty of singular use: that is, to wipe one's arse". Relations with the Holy Roman Empire have significantly soured ever since the presumptive, ill-conceived paper was fabricated.
  • Kingdom of Lotharingia: "Were Di": The troubles from Brussels continue with Taborites coming to the Ardennes mountains for protection, the members Occupying the valleys near cities such as Luik, Namur and Arlon. As these cities and towns have similar geography to their Native Bohemia even if it's slightly milder then what they're used too. The Taborites using wagons with a tick wooden frame with slids in the ticker and higher balistraria. The wagons being set up in a circle with the highest and strongest Balistraria, combined with being in a valley they are able to repel other rebels and the government. While near Aachen the Friedists revolt grows, towns such as Vaals and Kelmis joining the Revoltion in Favour of Godfrey of Regnier. Their numbers growing to 3,000 many being peasants concripted to fight in Aachen, thus having very basic knowledge of Lotharingian battle tactic. The Parliamentists mostly having support in Luik and Henegau, with preference to the parliamentists in Utrecht and Guelders. The Parliamentists having a force of around 2,000 militiamen, soldiers, and townguards, most of these coming from the lower middle class. The Richer farmer and land owner or members of small town guilds supporting the Parliamentaries mostly being those who want to get rid of royal bureaucracy. Although like with all factions not all parliamentists are the same, some want the end of feudal lands with the senate supreme the king a supreme comander. The most extreme faction being those who belive that the king should be subserviant to the Senate, that king gets power from the people and not God. While on the Burgundine front the current truce with the duchy, mean that all but 1,000 troops can aid in the squashing of the Revolutions. 9,000 soldiers being moved from the Bruges-Ghent line, to the ardennes and serounding area as to prevent the spread of termoil. While in Scotland and the Baltic, the "Rotterdamsche Handels Compagnie" begins to notice the effect of the Stigma being Lotharingian company, as the prices are unexplainable more expensive even with good productivity of the manufacturer. While in Africa The "Den Rote Hand Compagnie" begins to send voyages beyond Morocco, to the mythical land of Hendrickus Pisacus, as there are records of Pisacus passing Morocco. The exact location of his travels not being known, only vaguely by the names of towns the merchants have not yet found. These Voyages starting from Mukadoor island southward, as the "Rote hand Compagnie" has exclusive rights on the island. Thus for the "Amstelse Handels unie" it's to far to send voyages this far without asurances of profit for the union.
  • Hafsid dynasty: Inspired by the former Almohad Caliphate and the long-lost Achaemenid Empire, architectural design is borrowed in pursuit of a more heavenly scene in the Ifriqiyan Caliphate. Caliph Abu al-Aziz II's Great Mosque continues construction. The contruction of the كلية الفنون الجميلة (Academy of Fine Arts) in تونس‎ (Tunis) is finished, increasing the number of produced arts and literature available. Iluminated manuscripts, specifically surrounding Islamic mysticism, become more popular as a result. Other institutions, such as the أكاديمية الرياضيات (Academy of Arithmetic) and the أكاديمية العلوم وعلم الكونيات (Academy of Science and Cosmology) begin construction this year, mostly under the provisions of Amir Muhammad III's experiences at the University of Timbuktu. Spy networks continue being built up in Tripolitania, as discontent is stirred in the majority Muslim against their heretic overlords.
    • Kingdom of Bgayet: Urban expansion is done in Béjaïa, as it continues to flourish with merchants. Under provisions of Sultan Adnaan al-Aziz of the Allamid dynasty and with the recent influx of Christian merchants has allowed for large economic propects. Inspired by ancient Greco-Roman and Umayyad architecure, the mosques are built in these provided architectural designs, as well as high-end luxury palaces. Under the recent vassalized status of Bgayet, the idea of attacks from inferior forces has set in further after rumors of Afro-Islamic genocide going on in Tripolitania. Although still allowing Christian merchants as it is needed for the economy to remain, Sultan Adnaan al-Aziz believes it will be not coming with a prepared declaration.
  • Duchy of Burgundy: Phillip III the Good, Duke of Burgundy, personally leading his army, along with his father, John the Fearless, with 22.500 men under his command, continues to assault the city of Albi to open the way for the city of Toulouse, (Or if Albi has fallen then we move on to occupy the cities of Casrtes and Lavour that lack fortifications and to siege the city of Montauban once again and finally Toulouse if everything else has fallen) that is essential to fall for our war effort to assist the Spanish and Auvergnans/Swiss there against the Heretic King of France, a battle that would in all likelyhood determine the outcome of this war. Prince Jean I of Monaco leads the 1.500 troops that the Southern French nobles chose to provide us with to boolster our cause and Louis III of Anjou personally leads his 850 troops attaching themselves to the main army, bringing it to a total of 24,850 men. If the French choose to engage us in open battle a flanking manouvre is carried out against them by Phillip III the Good personally, learning all this years from our most experienced commander, John the Fearless, his father, before he was heinously killed by the French King's lackeys, using our superior numbers and the terrain to our advantage to encircle the French forces. Since His Most Holiness, the Pope, in essence is appointed by God and creating an Antipope is questioning almighty GOD himself, our bishops as representatives of the Catholic Church denounces the vile Anti-Pope Falkenstein. With the heretic French usurper King Louis XI ordering the celebration of the cold-blooded act of the ruthless assasination of John the Fearless as due justice and the hailing of his remorseless murderer, the lackey of the King Louis XI, Tanneguy du Châtel as a hero, Duke Phillip the Good of Burgundy is completely outraged, spreading pamphlets and proclaimations amongst the nobility and the peasantry once again, spreading word of King Louis XI heinous acts against his family, asking them to rally to his cause once again to oust the vile usurper once and for all. [​Mod Response​]
    • A couple nobles respond. Most do not feel much sympathy for someone who murdered an adolescent royalty.
  • Empire of Japan: The invasion of Tsushima is met with open annoyance and the Empire brings itself to the Japanese facing side of the island with 20,000 from the Imperial army including the Kyoto Guards regiment. In order to prevent another outright war with korea the General in command of the army is given the right to treat with the Korean forces. The Japanese general offers to more directly clamp down on the Wokou issue on Tsushima in exchange for a Korean withdrawal. (Mod please). Prior developments in the Northern parts of the Azuma islands and Manzhu continue.
    • Sejong of Korea asks that military of Korea should have some leeway in dispelling the piracy near Tushima. But, if that is unreasonable he will allow Japan to continue handling the piracy on their own in exchange for some minor preferential trading concession on the island.

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