Alternative History

A detailed timeline chronicling the 18th century in No Napoleon.



Prise de la Bastille

Storming of Bastille

  • US flag 13 stars – Betsy Ross United States: February 4 – After a month of elections, George Washington is unanimously elected the first President of the United States.
  • Royal Standard of the Kingdom of France Kingdom of France: July 14 – The French Revolutionary War officially begins when citizens of Paris storm the Bastille and free seven prisoners. The fortress, having represented royal authority in the centre of Paris, is captured. Meanwhile in rural areas, peasants attack noble manors.




  • Flag of France (1790-1794) Kingdom of France: April 20 – King Louis XVI reluctantly declares war on the Austrian Empire, after obeying the Assembly's wishes. Charles François Dumouriez was noteworthy for having presented of a long list of grievances against them. Prussia, allied to Austria, soon declares war on France.
  • Flag of France (1790-1794) Kingdom of France: August 10 – The Storming of the Tuileries occurs, after the Parisians were infuriated with the Brunswick Manifesto, which threatened the French if they were to harm the royal family. The Legislative Assembly of France soon receives inundated requests for the monarchy's demise.
  • Flag of France Republic of France: September 21 – After the flood of requests for the demise of the monarchy, the National Convention of France is successful in abolishing the monarchy, and the Convention declared France a republic.


Execution of Louis XVI

A sketch of the execution of Louis XVI

  • Flag of France Republic of France: January 21 – Former monarch Louis XVI is executed in Paris by guillotine at the Place de la Révolution (Revolution Square). He had been tried by the National Convention for high treason.
  • Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors)PrinsenvlagFlag of Spain (1785-1873 and 1875-1931)Flag of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1738)Flag Portugal (1707) Members of the late Coalition – A number of nations, including the United Kingdom, Spain, the Netherlands, Naples and Portugal declare war on France, after the news of the French monarch having been killed. They soon join Austria and Prussia in battle against the republic.





Napoleon sur son lit de mort Horace Vernet 1826

Death of Napoleon

  • Flag of France Republic of France: September 9(POD) On the night of September the 9th, Napoleon Bonaparte I, aged 28, dies on his deathbed from disease, that historians say he most likely had gotten while invading the Tyrol. He was remembered for his efforts in trying to defeat the Coalition, the alliance of several nations aiming to defeat revolutionary France.
  • Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy Austrian Empire: October 18 – The Treaty of Campo Formio is signed in Campo Formio, Austria. Several representatives across Europe (those nations part of the Coalition) come to outline several terms that result from the victory of the French Republic. Terms include recognition of France's republicanism, territorial concessions to France, and the formal establishment of French client republics.
  • Flag of FranceFlag of the Repubblica Romana 1798 France and the Roman Republic: Early November – After the signing at Campo Formino, the French government creates the Roman Directory, giving power to a body of three directors under the head of the French Directory. The proclamation meant that the Pope (Pope Pius VI at the time) was no longer the head of the state, and instead only was a member of the Lower House.




  • Flag of France Republic of France: December 10 – Political theorist Emmanuel Sieyès, along with dozens of his followers, begin the 20 Vendemiaire coup, which successfully overthrows the French Directory. The members of the coup help establish the representative democratic presidential system, in which elected members would serve four year and be renewable once, based on the American system.
Preceded by:
Timeline of 18th century history
1789 – 1800
Succeeded by:
19th Century