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The American Revolution of 1925 was a period of extreme political turmoil and social unrest that swept through the United States, involving strike action, mass protest, anti-government activity, and military mutiny. The failed revolution resulted in the severe decay of relations between the United States government and its citizens.
During WWI both German-speaking Americans and leftists had suffered from state-sponsored persecution. The German language, once widely spoken in the Midwest, was forced underground. Many recent German immigrants continued to resent the national government after the war for having their lives disrupted and their culture washed away.
During the War, around 20,000 leftists would be imprisoned under the Espionage and Sedition Acts of 1917. Despite, maneuverings of a possible amnesty, America kept its political prisoners into the 1920s and imprisoned more, for labor agitation. Many of the imprisoned were lawyers, artists and left-wing clergymen. One of the key goals of the revolutionaries was to secure a release for all political prisoners and general legalization to strike. A smaller component also wished to see an ordinance, permitting for the speaking of German which had become de facto illegal in public.
In Russia, Prime Minister Leon Trotsky implemented reforms intended to establish his form of socialism in Russia. These reforms were highly successful by raising the standard of living, bringing a feudal society into the industrial age, lessening the wealth gap between the rich and poor, and spreading democracy across a formerly autocratic nation. For a large portion of American people, particularly of the middle class, Trotsky's Russia demonstrated socialism to be a successful ideology, leading to its support as an alternative to capitalism. As the labor movement grew, many people expressed their support, causing many labor unions to endorse this brand socialism and turn away to mobilization to gain those goals.
The labor movement in the United States had been growing movement since the end of World War I and the collapse of the Great Steel Strike of 1919 and Seattle General Strike. The growth of labor unions and left wing organizations lead many people to support workers demands when they went on strike. Consequently, the suppression of these strikes was criticized widely by public opinion and it gave growing support for labor unions. As people's support for organized labor grew, suppression of strike action became increasingly more difficult. As strikes continued and the crisis deepened of continued, socialism was seen as the solution. As socialist and communist groups became popular, many allied themselves with labor unions. This caused many citizens to view socialism as capable of fulfilling workers' demands and answer to the call of the labor movement.
Progressives and the American Left
In 1924, during his run for presidency, Robert M. La Follette Sr. recreated the Progressive Party. While he lost the election, many left-wing liberals in the Democratic Party began to abandon the party and joined the Progressives or establish their own groups. The Progressives prevented any one of the democratic and republican presidential candidates from receiving a clear majority, leading Calvin Coolidge to become president.
The party remained cohesive after the election and largely grew its support. It continually increased the popularity of left-wing politics, which inadvertently improved the public's view of left-wing organizations in general, such as the Socialist Party of America. In 1924, the Farmer-Labor Party was absorbed into the Progressive Party and the Proletarian Party was absorbed into the Socialist Labor Party. By the end of the year, the Progressive, Socialist and Socialist Labor Parties formed themselves into an electoral alliance: the Progressive-Socialist-Labor Alliance. This alliance became the forerunner of the American Workers' Association in 1928.