Alternative History
Under contruction icon-red.svg The following page is under construction.

Please do not edit or alter this article in any way while this template is active. All unauthorized edits may be reverted on the admin's discretion. Propose any changes to the talk page.

American Revolution of 1925
Part of Labor Movement in the United States
Date March 25, 1925 - June 14, 1927 (One year, two months, and 20 days)
Location United States of America
Result Federal Government victory
  • Revolutionaries and anti-government forces suppressed
  • Federal Government retains power
  • Democratic and Republican Parties lose popularity
US flag 48 stars.svg United States Federal Government

Supported by:

  • United States Army
  • United States Navy
  • National Guard
  • Loyal police forces
  • Black Chamber
  • American Businessmen
  • Democratic Party
  • Republican Party
Red flag.svg Revolutionaries

Supported by:

  • Factory workers, farmers and miners.
  • Labor unions
  • Left-wing dissidents of the American Federation of Labor (AFL)
  • Progressive Party
  • Socialist Party of America
  • Socialist Labor Party of America and Socialist Trade and Labor Alliance
  • Communist Party of the United States
  • Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)
Commanders and leaders
US flag 48 stars.svg Calvin Coolidge
US flag 48 stars.svg Charles G. Dawes
US flag 48 stars.svg Henry Ford
US flag 48 stars.svg Frederick H. Gillett
US flag 48 stars.svg Nicholas Longworth
Red flag.svg Robert M. La Follette Sr. († June 1925)
Red flag.svg Robert M. La Follette Jr.
Red flag.svg Morris Hillquit
Red flag.svg William Green
Red flag.svg Eugene V. Debs
Red flag.svg Jay Lovestone
Red flag.svg Earl Browder
Red flag.svg William Z. Foster
Red flag.svg Arnold Petersen
Red flag.svg Sarah Leslie
Casualties and losses
Unknown One tank surrendered to the United States

The American Revolution of 1925 was a period of extreme political turmoil and social unrest that swept through the United States, involving strike action, mass protest, anti-government activity, and military mutiny. The failed revolution resulted in the severe decay of relations between the United States government and its citizens.


Wartime Persecution

During WWI both German-speaking Americans and leftists had suffered from state-sponsored persecution. The German language, once widely spoken in the Midwest, was forced underground. Many recent German immigrants continued to resent the national government after the war for having their lives disrupted and their culture washed away.

During the War, around 20,000 leftists would be imprisoned under the Espionage and Sedition Acts of 1917. Despite, maneuverings of a possible amnesty, America kept its political prisoners into the 1920s and imprisoned more, for labor agitation. Many of the imprisoned were lawyers, artists and left-wing clergymen. One of the key goals of the revolutionaries was to secure a release for all political prisoners and general legalization to strike. A smaller component also wished to see an ordinance, permitting for the speaking of German which had become de facto illegal in public.

Socialist Russia

In Russia, Prime Minister Leon Trotsky implemented reforms intended to establish his form of socialism in Russia. These reforms were highly successful by raising the standard of living, bringing a feudal society into the industrial age, lessening the wealth gap between the rich and poor, and spreading democracy across a formerly autocratic nation. For a large portion of American people, particularly of the middle class, Trotsky's Russia demonstrated socialism to be a successful ideology, leading to its support as an alternative to capitalism. As the labor movement grew, many people expressed their support, causing many labor unions to endorse this brand socialism and turn away to mobilization to gain those goals.

Labor movement

The labor movement in the United States had been growing movement since the end of World War I and the collapse of the Great Steel Strike of 1919 and Seattle General Strike. The growth of labor unions and left wing organizations lead many people to support workers demands when they went on strike. Consequently, the suppression of these strikes was criticized widely by public opinion and it gave growing support for labor unions. As people's support for organized labor grew, suppression of strike action became increasingly more difficult. As strikes continued and the crisis deepened of continued, socialism was seen as the solution. As socialist and communist groups became popular, many allied themselves with labor unions. This caused many citizens to view socialism as capable of fulfilling workers' demands and answer to the call of the labor movement.

Progressives and the American Left

In 1924, during his run for presidency, Robert M. La Follette Sr. recreated the Progressive Party. While he lost the election, many left-wing liberals in the Democratic Party began to abandon the party and joined the Progressives or establish their own groups. The Progressives prevented any one of the democratic and republican presidential candidates from receiving a clear majority, leading Calvin Coolidge to become president.

The party remained cohesive after the election and largely grew its support. It continually increased the popularity of left-wing politics, which inadvertently improved the public's view of left-wing organizations in general, such as the Socialist Party of America. In 1924, the Farmer-Labor Party was absorbed into the Progressive Party and the Proletarian Party was absorbed into the Socialist Labor Party. By the end of the year, the Progressive, Socialist and Socialist Labor Parties formed themselves into an electoral alliance: the Progressive-Socialist-Labor Alliance. This alliance became the forerunner of the American Workers' Association in 1928.