Alternative History

First Anglo-Dutch War

Second Anglo-Dutch War
Van Minderhout Battle of Lowestoft





North Sea, English Channel, Norway, Italy, The Netherlands


Decisive English Victory, Treaty of Windsor


Flag of the Commonwealth (1658-1660)
Commonwealth of England

Dutch Republic


William Penn
George Monck
Thomas Teddiman
Edward Montagu

Michiel de Ruyter
Jacob van Wassenaer Obdam
Pieter de Bitter


About 350 Ships

About 300 Ships

Casualties and Losses

About 2000 killed
15 warships sunk
5 warships captured

About 5000 kieed
50 warships sunk
20 warships captured

The Second Anglo-Dutch War was a conflict between the Commonwealth of England and Dutch Republic. In this war England tried to end Dutch domination of world trade and though there were some Dutch victories, the Commonwealth was victorious. Though this resentment led to Dutch help of the Jacobites in the Second English Civil War and a renewed conflict afterward.


The First Anglo-Dutch War concluded with an English victory in the Battle of Scheveningen in August 1653, though a peace treaty wasn't signed for 8 months after the conflict. Also in 1658 the Commonwealth sided with the Swedish Empire in the Dano-Swedish War, while the Dutch sided with Denmark-Norway, and so this war has been described simply as another theatre of that war.

The War[]

Treaty of Windsor[]

After having defeated the Dutch yet again (only just) the Treaty of Windsor was drawn up. This led to the Banda Islands to be ceded to the Commonwealth and also for the occupied New Netherlands to be ceded to the Commonwealth, though in return Charles Fleetwood allowed for Suriname to be ceded to the Dutch.

Swedish Empire[]

Another smaller condition in this treaty was that 'New Sweden' be given back to the Swedish government after New Netherlands were ceded to the Commonwealth.