|37th Congress of the Empire|
|3 January 1936 – 1 November 1939|
|Councillors' President||Patrick Lynch (U) until 30 June 1938|
John Hayes (U) from 1 July 1938
|House Speaker||George Bell (U)|
|House Majority||Unionist until 2 March 1940|
Hung from 2 March 1940
|1st: 3 January 1936 – 24 December 1936|
2nd: 3 January 1937 – 24 December 1937
3rd: 3 January 1938 – 24 December 1938
4th: 3 January 1939 – 1 November 1939
The Thirty-Seventh Congress of the Empire was a meeting of the legislative branch of the Cygnian Imperial Government, consisting of the Cygnian House of Councillors and the Cygnian House of Representatives. It met in Northam, TS, from 3 January 1937 to 3 January 1941, during the second and final term of the Lyons Government, which in 1939 was succeeded by the Page Government after Chancellor Joseph Lyons' death on 7 April.
As a result of the 1935 federal election, the Unionist Party under Joseph Lyons was re-elected for a third term, and the Second Lyons Ministry was inaugurated following the 1936 State Opening of Congress. Lyons' death in April 1939 resulted in Vice Chancellor Earle Page being elected to the office in his place.
- 3 January 1936: 1936 State Opening of Congress. Members of the House of Representatives take their seats. George Bell is re-elected as House Speaker.
- 3 January 1936: Chancellor Joseph Lyons is inaugurated for his second term.
- 5 April 1939: Chancellor Lyons suffers a heart attack. He is rushed to hospital, and his deputy Earle Page is chosen to be Acting Chancellor in Lyons' absence.
- 7 April 1939: Chancellor Lyons dies in the early morning. Acting Chancellor Page is pursuant to Article Two, Section 3, Clause 3 of the Imperial Constitution elected by Congress to the Chancellorship. He is then taken to Ellingham Palace, where he is sworn in as the 24th Chancellor by King George IV.
- 2 December 1939: Cygnian federal election of 1939: The Unionist Party wins a plurality of 149 seats. Labour wins 143 seats and Lang Labour 6, with the other two seats being won by independents. A hung congress ensues, with the Unionists staying in government only through the support of the independents.