56th Congress of the Union
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Federation Hall.jpg
Federation Hall
3 January 2009 – 2 November 2012
Senate John Hogg (L)
House Harry Jenkins (L) until 24 November 2011
Peter Slipper (I) from 24 November 2011 to 9 October 2012
Anna Burke (L) from 9 October 2012
Members 86 Senators
300 Representatives
Government Labour majority

The Fifty-Sixth Congress of the Union was a meeting of the legislative branch of the Government of Cygnia, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives, from 3 January 2009 to 2 November 2012, during the Rudd and First Gillard Governments' tenures. The 2008 federal elections returned a Labour majority in the House of Representatives, allowing them to form government under Kevin Rudd.

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