|56th Congress of the Union|
|3 January 2009 – 2 November 2012|
|Senate||John Hogg (L)|
|House||Harry Jenkins (L) until 24 November 2011|
Peter Slipper (I) from 24 November 2011 to 9 October 2012
Anna Burke (L) from 9 October 2012
The Fifty-Sixth Congress of the Union was a meeting of the legislative branch of the Government of Cygnia, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives, from 3 January 2009 to 2 November 2012, during the Rudd and First Gillard Governments' tenures. The 2008 federal elections returned a Labour majority in the House of Representatives, allowing them to form government under Kevin Rudd.