On 22 January 1969, a Soviet Army deserter, Viktor Ilyin opened fire on a motorcade carrying then Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev. This timeline assumes the attacker succeeded in shooting the General Secretary who died two days later in hospital.
In his place took over Alexei Kosygin who successfully implemented the economic reform program that decentralized Soviet industry and prevented stagnation during the 70's.
In Iran the 1979 Revolution fails after a CIA plot manages to kill Ayatollah Khomeini shortly after the Shah left the country, this in turn allows Saddam's Iraq to wage a successful war against a weakened provisional government and take over oil-rich and strategic territories without sustaining great damage to the Iraq economy.
Unhampered by a long and costly war with Iran, Iraq managed to grow into a major regional power in the Middle-East and after an ill-struggle by its Syrian ally, launched a major campaign against Israel prompting the Great Middle East War.
Because the Soviet Union shifted earlier to a more moderate stance and reformed its economy it didn't suffered the economic recession of the 80's so harshly and democratic movements which ultimately brought the German reunification were dissolved following a military coup in 1990.
Though Afghanistan was still invaded, on a later date (February 2, 1981), and caused as much strain in Soviet politics as it did in OTL, This time, the war came with a major Soviet victory following a joint invasion of Pakistan by Soviet-Indian forces that ultimately crushed all sources of Mujahideen resistance.
With the fuel crisis prompted by the Great Middle East War the USSR became the world's leading gas and oil producer and furthered its development by gradually shifting toward a free enterprise economy.
After nearly a century of its foundation the red flag of the union still trembles, mightier than ever.
Main Article: The Purge
Economic reforms paved way for moderate growth success but the war in Afghanistan and ill conducted political opening caused the CPSU to lose control and Communist governments fell across Eastern Europe.
Dissatisfied over its weakening role and increased perception that their country would break apart, many elements of the Soviet military organized a coup to remove the CPSU from power and install a military government dedicated to the country's survival and prosperity.
While Eastern Europe countries had ousted their Communist governments for democracies, the Red Officers Movement launched a nationwide coup that removed Gorbachev from power and instituted an ultranationalist dictactorship which crushed dissent with extreme brutality.
Yet the worse was far from over, the now Union of Sovereign Soviet Republics dismissed recognization of the new Eastern European governments and launched a full scale invasion against dissident Warsaw Pact countries.
The brutal onslaught re-occupied Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria and Romania but stopped short of East Germany.
Before the Red Army could reach East Germany, the Germans had reunified their country and joined NATO.
With the West facing deep economical recession under the 1990 Financial Crisis and unwilling to fight a war against the Soviets, East Europe was once again crushed under an Iron Curtain as hopes for democracy faded with war refugees leaving the smoking plumes of Warsaw for uncertain future in Western Europe.
Barred from regaining Germany, the Soviets instead allied with hardliners in Yugoslavia and Albania intervening and crushing all movements of democracy and independence.
1991 Pakistan War
Main Article: Indo-Soviet Invasion of Pakistan
Great Middle East War
Main Article: Great Middle East War
In February of 1993 escalating tensions between Syria and Israel led to war between both countries. Syria managed to make some gains in the first weeks of the conflict but Israel quickly turned the tides and began taking the war back into Syria. The Syrians, fearing another humiliating defeat to the Israelis, pleaded for Iraq to aid them in the war against Israel.
Iraq in ARC is a far more powerful military power than it was in OTL. With their assistance the Syrian retake the upper hand and begin to win the war with ever increasing amounts of military equipment and manpower. The Israelis on the other hand became increasingly depleted from resources despite receiving external supplies.
Given their inability to turn the tides of the conflict the Israelis resorted desperately to the United Nations, however due to opposition from the Soviets the security council was unable to force the Arabs to negotiate a ceasefire.
A few days later an attack done by Arab air forces with the aid of an unknown external intelligence source crippled the remaining IAF and destroyed near all Israeli nuclear missile sites. Foreseeing defeat before the attacking Arabs the Israelis ordered the rest of their missiles to be fired against major Syrian and Iraqi population centers within their range.
The ensuing nuclear genocide prompted the Arab forces to start systematical extermination of the Israeli Jewish population in a new Holocaust. With the continuous bloodshed and worsening atrocities the international community recognized the need for international intervention. Notably the Soviet Union which had previously played staunch opposition to any external intervention to the conflict changed it`s position completely.
When a coalition was formed to enforce peace in the region they were met by a massive surprise attack from the Arab Alliance as soon as they began arriving in the Middle East. Following the surprise attack the Arab Alliance quickly invaded and began occupying coalition countries in the Middle East threatening to defeat even the international forces.
However after a brief period of major Arab advances, the coalition reorganized and took the offensive. Through months of intense fighting Arab country after Arab country negotiated peace with the coalition with only Iraq remaining the sole Arab power fighting in the war.
The coalition slowly beat back the Iraqi Army out of Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. The retreating forces, however, left a suicidal mission in Kuwait City where they detonated recovered Israeli nuclear warhead destroying the city and killing several coalition personnel alongside Kuwaiti civilians.
Nevertheless the coalition proceeded to invade Iraq and after several months of intense continuous fighting with conventional and asymmetrical forces they captured Baghdad and ended Saddam`s rule.
Despite the Iraqi army surrendering not much after, the forces of the coalition had to remain in the country for another three and a half years before the new government of Iraq could handle the insurgents and terrorism by itself. Afterward the oalition exited the Middle East and was disbanded with U.S. military leaving only two permanent bases in Iraq with a small personnel to continue assisting in training of the new Iraqi Army.
Second Korean War
Main Article: Second Korean War