|“||The greatest liberty in the world is for people to live under a monarch.||”|
— Sir Robert Filmer
The mid-19th century was a time of major expansion and upheaval upon the nations of the world. The United States pushed its power to the coast under the call of manifest destiny only to fall into civil war shortly after. The balance of power in Europe constantly shifted as nationalism began to take effect and demanded a new order. Asian and African powers struggled to resist European encroachment on their independence. Throughout the Western World the ideologies of liberal republicanism and conservative monarchism battled to be the dominant form of governance.
Eventually, republicanism won out and became the standard model to which governments would try to emulate. But this came to pass because of several revolutions and failures within the Western world that swept most monarchies away. What if instead a new model was nurtured and grew instead of being snuffed out? What if liberal constitutional monarchies, now the mainstay of present monarchies, became the standard in Europe and beyond and lasted? What if there remains an Age of Kings?
Points of Divergence
- The monarchy established in Brazil after independence managed to reach considerable heights and many considered it to be a rising and stabilizing power within geopolitics. However, the monarchy ended when Emperor Pedro II became dispirited after the death of his two sons from illness, believing that it was destined that the monarchy would end. As a result he did nothing to stop a republican coup that put a dictatorship in control over the country for decades. But, what if one of his sons lived? In Age of Kings, his second son Pedro Afonso narrowly survives his bout of illness and fulfills his duties as heir.
- The Franco-Prussian War was just as much a death of an empire as it was the birth of another. Napoleon III's failure haunted him for the rest of his short life and sent the political system in France into disarray. However, in the most recent elections following his exile the people elected a political majority of monarchists, albeit divided into two different factions, the Legitimists and the Orleanists. They agreed on a compromise to get both their candidates onto the throne of France, but the Legitimate candidate refused to rule under the tricolor of the revolution. While waiting for him to die off the monarchists lost their majority to the republicans by a sizable margin, ending any hope of a return to monarchy. But, what if he swallowed his pride, or expected to use his power to force the issue once he became king? In Age of Kings, the Count of Chambord agrees to the plan, sowing the seeds for returning France to a constitutional monarchy.
Events from the Age of Kings timeline are collected from three in-world international news sources: the Wall Street Journal of the United States, the British Broadcasting Corporation of the United Kingdom, and the Deutsche Weltzeitung of Germany.
- 22 October - Emperor Naruhito is officially coronated as the Emperor of Japan. He took the throne earlier on May 1.
- 14 October - After days of clashes between Ecuadorian authorities and protestors, President Lenin Moreno announces that he will restore fuel subsidies in an agreement with protestors.
- 11 October - The organization Reporters Without Borders wins the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize.
- 10 October - China (Taiwan) celebrates Double 10 Day, the anniversary of the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty. China holds smaller, more muted celebrations.
- 9 October - Chairman Joseph Kabila announces the beginning of a general offensive against all territories held by Islamic State's Central African Province. It is the largest military action in the country's civil conflict.
- 8 October - President Lenin Moreno's administration relocates to Guayaquil as government buildings in Quito are overrun by protestors.
- 4 October - President of Ecuador Lenin Moreno declares a state of emergency in the capital after protests and riots occur over the impending cancellation of fuel subsidies.
- 2 October - President of Peru Martin Vizcarra dissolves Congress, resulting in a constitutional crisis.
- 1 October - China celebrates its National Day while police begin using gunfire to suppress protest action in Hong Kong.
- 24 September - Protests in West Papua turn violent as they are put down by police. At least 40 people are killed.
- 18 September - Following the Abqaiq-Khurais attack, Arabian military forces launch a ground offensive in the northern parts of the country to clear out Islamic State militants. Arabian aircraft strike Islamic State camps within Iraq.
- 14 September - Two attacks on Arabian oil infrastructure occur in the cities of Abqaiq and Khurais. Islamic State claims responsibility.
- 1 September - South Yemeni fighter jets strike targets inside North Yemen. North Yemen claims that the targets were villages and the strikes amount to a war crime. South Yemen denies the charges.
- 5 August - Hong Kong citizens stage a massive sit-in strike across the city. Over 200 flights are cancelled. The Chinese government condemns the strike.
- 1 August - South Yemeni general Munir Al Yafi is killed by a North Yemeni missile strike. He is the most senior officer to die in the conflict.
- 19 April - On Good Friday, Jean IV is officially coronated as the King of France at the Notre Dame cathedral. The coronation is the largest gathering of European political leaders and royalty since the coronation of Ludwig II of Germany.
- 24 March - Syrian forces capture the final city under Islamic State control, ending its territorial possessions in the northern Middle East.
- 1 February - Henry VII's funeral takes place and he is eulogized by his son Jean IV and Prime Minister Macron. Political leaders and representatives of royal families from across the world attend.
- 31 January - Abdullah of Pahang is elected the 16th Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaya.
- 31 January - The European Parliament votes to recognize Juan Guaidó as interim President of Venezuela.
- 30 January - Canada announces that it will withdraw one-half of its embassy staff in Cuba following the fourteenth confirmed illness since 2017 of a Canadian diplomat in the country.
- 26 January - Kivu forces kill 36 members of the Islamic State Central African Province (ISCAP) in clashes near the northern border.
- 23 January - Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaidó swears himself in as President of Venezuela, with de facto President Nicolas Maduro not recognizing this. Maduro declares that ties with the United States will be cut after the United States recognizes Guaidó as the legitimate president.
- 22 January - German and Congolese forces kill Ne Muanda Nsemi and 47 other members of the Bundu dia Kongo group after a siege of one of the group's compounds in southern Congo.
- 21 January - Henry VII of France dies at age 85, triggering national mourning. Many nations in Europe and abroad send their condolences. His eldest surviving son Jean informally becomes Jean IV.
- 21 January - A mutiny by members of the Venezuelan National Guard who oppose the government is quashed.
- 21 January - A Taliban attack on a National Directorate of Security compound kills 126 security personnel.
- 20 January - Israel and Chad reestablish diplomatic relations. Ties between the two countries have been severed since 1972.
- 17 January - A car bomb goes off in Bogota, Colombia. Police report at least eight people are dead.
- 13 January - The President of the National Assembly of Venezuela, Juan Guaidó, is briefly detained in Caracas after saying he was prepared to assume the country's presidency.
- 10 January - Numerous South American and European nations withdraw recognition of Nicolas Maduro's administration following his inauguration and international condemnation of his electoral victory as "illegitimate".
- 10 January - Congo holds a general election. The Union for Democracy and Social Progress party wins a majority of seats in parliament and Félix Tshisekedi becomes Prime Minister. The victory of the left-leaning opposition is interpreted as a blow to German military efforts in Congo.
- 8 January - North Yemeni forces seize the town of Marib, driving South Yemeni forces from their farthest extent into North Yemen.
- 7 January - The government of Gabon squashes a coup d'état instigated by some of its soldiers. While unsuccessful, the coup attempt further destabilizes the already unsteady German military mission in neighboring Congo.
- 4 January - The Lima Group announces that it will no longer recognize the government of Nicolas Maduro, starting January 10th.
- 3 January - The 116th United States Congress is sworn in at the Capitol. Democrat Nancy Pelosi becomes Speaker of the House for the second time.
- 3 January - Chinese space probe Chang'e 4 successfully lands on the far side of the Moon.
- 1 January - The American space probe New Horizons makes a flyby of Kuiper Belt object 2014 MU69.
- 1 January - Former governor of Sao Paulo Geraldo Alckmin is inaugurated as Prime Minister of Brazil.