The Alaskan Socialist Republic (Russian: Аляскинская Социалистическая Республика, Alyaskinskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika), also referred to by the initials A.S.R. (А.С.Р.), was a former socialist state which governed much of northern Alaska. The state was headed by Nikolay Bukharin and modeled after the Soviet Union.
Beginning in 1920, a series of communist-backed revolts across Alaska would be violently suppressed by police. Many began to flee to the more isolated northwest. In Nooshagak, a local soviet was established and soon the leadership proclaimed the formation of a socialist state. With the backing and aid of Soviet Russia, the ASR would rapidly take control over the underdeveloped northwest , only stopped by the Alaska Range and fierce fighting by the non-Communist forces. At its height, it controlled all of the modern governorates of Aleutia, Bering, the Far North, Shelikof, and most of New Irkutsk, and Yukon.
The Soviet Union would continue to fund the Alaskan Socialist Republic. This included their own five-year plan to bolster their infrastructure and support the rural population. By the late 1930s, however, relations between Joseph Stalin and Nikolay Bukharin began to sour. With the start of Operation Barbarossa in 1941, Soviet aid completely stopped. Border clashes with the Alaskan Democratic Federative Republic would turn into a full scale invasion of the ASR by the Alaskan forces. The communist state ceased to exist in 1942, with the territories being reabsorbed into the Alaskan state over the next decade.