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Alexander IV
Prince Franz Wilhelm of Prussia.jpg
Alexander IV in 2000
3rd Tsar of Alaska
Reign 3 October 1927 – 13 August 2000
Coronation 18 December 1927
Predecessor Alexis II
Successor Nicholas III
Prime Ministers Georgy A. Parshikov
Mikhail M. Stepovich
Vladimir V. Yegorov
Kirill Milyutin
Jaroslav Khabalov
Stanislav Kochenkov
Born 23 May 1925
Juneau House, Juneau,
Alaska
Died 13 August 2000
Alexandrov Palace, New Arkhangelsk,
Alaska
Spouse Princess Irene of the Netherlands
Issue Grand Duchess Kristina Alexandrovna
Nicholas III
Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich
Grand Duchess Natalia Alexandrovna
Full name
Alexander Alexeievich Romanov
House House of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
Father Alexis II of Alaska
Mother Alexandra Feodorovna of Alaska
Religion Russian Orthodox Church

Alexander IV (Russian: Александр Алексеевич Романов; tr. Aleksandr Alekseievich Romanov; 23 May 1925 – 13 August 2000) was the 3rd Tsar of Alaska, and ruled from the death of his father, Alexis II, in 1925, to his own in 2000. He was the longest-ruling Tsar in Alaska's history.

Alexander was the Tsar of Alaska for most of his life. He ascended the throne at the age of two, when his haemophiliac father, Alexis II, died from injuries sustained during hunting on 3 October 1927. During his minority, his mother, Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, ruled on his behalf as Regent. In the meantime, at his German mother's insistence, Alexander was sent to Germany to be educated. He attended the Berlin Gymnasium, and learnt to speak French, English, and Latin fluently, as well as his native German and Russian. He also received military training in the Imperial German Army, where he became a Lieutenant. When Germany was invaded by France in 1942, Alexander returned to Alaska.

Alexander came of age in 1943, when Alaska was in the midst of war with Japan. Under Alexander's leadership, Alaska cooperated closely with its allies in the Pacific Front, such as Cygnia and China, and Alaskan armies participated in the liberation of Japanese occupied territories.

After the war, Alexander oversaw Alaska's transition to constitutional monarchy, which culminated in the promulgation of Alaska's current constitution in 1972. Under his influence, the Alaskan government adopted a fusion of European and Westminster-style parliament, and today, Alexander is remembered as the father of Alaskan democracy.

Alexander IV died on 13 August 2000, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Nicholas III of Alaska.

Early life

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, 1937

Portrait of the young Tsar Alexander soon after his accession

Alexander was born on 23 May 1925 in Juneau House, Juneau, Alaska to Tsesarevich Alexei of Russia and Alaska and his wife Princess Alexandrine of Prussia. He was the couple's first child and would prove to be their only son. As both Alexei and Alexandrine spent most of their lives in Germany, German was the language spoken within the family. As a result, German became Alexander's first language, as opposed to Russian.

On 1 August, Emperor Nicholas II of Russia and Alaska died at Alexandrov Palace in New Arkhangelsk, Alaska's capital. As a result, Tsesarevich Alexei succeeded his father as Emperor Alexis II. Several months later, Alexis declared Alaska's independence, and became the Tsar of Alaska. Alexander as Alexis' eldest child was named Tsesarevich of Alaska in February 1926. The family moved into Alexandrov Palace, where Alexander's sister, Victoria, was born in January 1927.

Tsar Alexis on 15 September 1927 injured himself during a hunting trip. As he was a haemophiliac, Alexis' condition rapidly worsened, and on 3 October he was dead. At the tender age of two, Alexander was immediately proclaimed Tsar of Alaska. The infant monarch was crowned at Arkhangelsk Cathedral on 18 December 1927, once the mourning period had ended. As Alexander was much too young to wield the powers that the Alaskan Throne entailed, the Alaskan State Duma declared that Alexander's mother, now Tsarina Dowager Alexandra Feodorovna, would rule as regent until Alexander was of age.

Education

Tsar Alexander IV's Berlin house

The townhouse where Alexander IV lived while in Berlin, and later where the Alaskan Embassy was located from 1946 to 1960

When Alexander turned 6, his mother decided that it'd be beneficial for the boy to be educated in the more advanced societies of Europe. On 9 August 1931, Alexander, accompanied by Petty Officer Vladimir Orovsky, who would serve as his companion and guardian during his time in Europe, was sent to Berlin, the home of Tsarina Alexandra's family. The Alaskan Government purchased a house where Alexander would live while in Berlin. The house would remain the property of the Alaskan Government after Alexander's departure, and later would serve as the home of the Alaskan Embassy.

Alexander in January 1932 was enrolled at the Berlinisches Gymnasium zum Grauen Kloster. There, he learnt to speak English, Latin, French and Ancient Greek. He grasped the first three easily, but "Greek was always quite the struggle". He also spent some time in the Netherlands, where he picked up Dutch.

Military training

Leutnant
Alexander Romanov
Alexander IV Reichswehr.jpg
Alexander in Reichsheer cadet's combat gear, 1938
Alexander in Reichsheer cadet's combat gear, 1938
Military service
Nickname(s) Kleinzar
Allegiance Flag of the German Empire Germany
Service/branch Imperial German Army
Years of service 1938–41
Rank Leutnant
Unit 130th Panzer Lehr Division
563rd Grenadier Division
Battles/wars
Awards Iron Cross 2nd Class

Alexander, at the insistence of his mother, was enlisted into the Imperial German Army when he was 13 in 1938. During his time in the Army, the young Alexander was given the same rigorous military training as other cadets; however, he was also educated in military tactics. Although World War III was already in progress by the time Alexander joined the Army, he was never sent to the front lines, and remained stationed in Cologne. However, he rose to the rank of Leutnant by the time he left in 1941. He was given the nickname "Kleinzar" (German for "little Tsar") by his comrades in the Army, and was officially known as Leutnant Alexander Romanov.

In 1941, French forces invaded Germany and in August the Battle of Cologne began. As he was still in Cologne at the time, the 16-year-old Alexander became directly involved in the fighting. However, he was injured in the battle, and was immediately evacuated to safety in Berlin. Alexander was later awarded the Iron Cross 2nd Class by the German government for his bravery, but his mother ordered his immediate return to Alaska, and under heavy guard he was escorted to Russia. The Russian government, as an ally of both Germany and Alaska during World War III, allowed Alexander to pass through its territory to return home. As a result, Alexander became the first Romanov in 36 years to set foot in Russia.

Early reign

Marriage and children

Constitutional monarchy

Later life

Death

Legacy

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