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Alexis II
George Alexandrovich of Russia by V.P.Mischenko (1892).jpg
Alexis II's coronation portrait, 1925
2nd Tsar of Alaska
Reign 1 August 1925 – 3 October 1927
Coronation 2 February 1926
Predecessor Nicholas II
Successor Alexander IV
Prime Minister Georgy A. Parshikov
Born 12 August 1904
Peterhof, Saint Petersburg,
Russian Empire
Died 3 October 1927
Alexandrov Palace, New Arkhangelsk,
Spouse Princess Alexandrine of Prussia
Issue Alexander IV
Grand Duchess Victoria Alexeievna
Full name
Alexei Nikolaevich Romanov
House House of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
Father Nicholas II of Russia and Alaska
Mother Alexandra Feodorovna of Russia and Alaska
Religion Russian Orthodox Church

Alexis II (Russian: Алексе́й II Никола́евич, tr. Aleksei II Nikolaevich; 12 August 1904 – 3 October 1927) was the second Tsar of Alaska from 1 August 1925 until his death on 3 October 1927.

Alexis was the youngest child and only son of Emperor Nicholas II of Russia and Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, and was only one year old when his father was overthrown in the Russian Revolution of 1905. Alexis spent his early childhood in Germany, where his family was granted asylum by the German Emperor, William II. When Alexis was 13, counterrevolutionaries in Alaska invited Nicholas to form an imperial government in exile. Nicholas accepted, and the Romanov family moved to Alaska in 1918.

In 1925, Nicholas II died and 21-year-old Alexis officially succeeded him as Alexis II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias. However, having spent almost all his life outside of Russia, the young Tsar felt no connection to his government's claimed lands, and in 1926 Alexis published a declaration proclaiming Alaska's independence from Russia. He was crowned as the second Tsar of Alaska on 2 February that year. Alexis' proclamation was retroactive, and recognised his father as the first Tsar.

Alexis was born with haemophilia, and as a result of an injury sustained while hunting in the autumn of 1927, he died on 3 October. He was succeeded by his 1-year-old son as Alexander IV of Alaska, during whose minority his wife, Princess Alexandrine of Prussia, ruled as regent.

Titles and styles

  • 12 August 1904 – 1 August 1925: His Imperial Highness The Tsesarevich of Russia
  • 1 August 1925 – 1 January 1926: His Imperial Majesty The Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias (in pretence)
  • 1 January 1926 – 3 October 1927: His Imperial Majesty The Tsar

Alexis II's full title as Tsar, as set forth in the Alaskan Declaration of Independence, was By the Grace of God, We Alexis, Tsar of Alaska.

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