FANDOM


Kremlin Senate building on 2016-08-03

The Kremlin Senate, the seat of the All-Union Council of Ministers.

The All-Union Council of Ministers of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russian: Всесою́зная Сове́т мини́стров СССР, Vsesoyuznaya Sovet Ministrov SSSR), sometimes abbreviated to Sovmin or referred to as the All-Union Soviet of Ministers, is the de jure highest executive and administrative body of the Soviet Union. The Chairman of the Council of Ministers is referred as the "Premier" (Премьер, Prem'yer), synonymous with the office of head of government.

The Council of People's Commissars (Sovnarkom) was established on November 8, 1917 by the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) Government. Article 38 of the 1924 Soviet Constitution stated that the Council's powers, functions and duties were given to it by the Central Executive Committee (CEC) which supervised the Council's work and legislative acts. The Council of People's Commissars published decrees and decisions that were binding throughout the Soviet Union.

In 1946, the Council of People's Commissars was transformed into the Council of Ministers, with People's Commissariats turned into Ministries. The council issues declarations and instructions based on and in accordance with applicable laws, which have obligatory jurisdictional power over the territories of all republics within the Union. However, the most important state issues are handled through joint declarations with the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (AUCP), which is de facto more powerful than the Council of Ministers.

List of the Chairmen of the Council of Ministers

No. Name Took office Left office Mandate Starosta
1 Lenin portrait color Vladimir Lenin
(1870–1924)
Petrograd At-large
December 30, 1922 January 21, 1924 1922 Mikhail Kalinin
Mikhail Kalinin
(1922–1946)
2 Lev Kamenev 1920s (cropped) Lev Kamenev
(1883–1942)
Leningrad At-large
January 21, 1924 February 15, 1934 1924
1925
1931
3 Alexei rykov Alexei Rykov
(1881–1947)
Moscow At-large
February 15, 1934 May 7, 1939
1938
4 Maxim Litvinov Maxim Litvinov
(1876–1951)
Moscow At-large
May 7, 1939 June 27, 1941
5 Sergei Kirov portrait color Sergei Kirov
(1886–1953)
Leningrad At-large
June 27, 1941 January 10, 1953
1946 Mikhail Tomsky
Mikhail Tomsky
(1946–1958)
1950
6 Panteleimon-ponomarenko-b47344f4-545d-491e-9de9-da9e96155c4-resize-750 Panteleimon Ponomarenko
(1902–1984)
Minsk At-large
January 10, 1953 April 11, 1960
1954
1958 Анастас Иванович Микоян, 1945
Anastas Mikoyan
(1958–1970)
7 Kandid Charkviani cropped Kandid Charkviani
(1907–1994)
Tbilisi At-large
April 11, 1960 May 19, 1970
1962
1966
8 A. Kosygin 1967 Alexei Kosygin
(1904–1980)
Leningrad At-large
May 19, 1970 October 23, 1980 1970 Kandid Charkviani cropped
Kandid Charkviani
(1970–1990)
1974
1978
9 Andrei Pavlovich Kirilenko Andrei Kirilenko
(1906–1990)
Dnipropetrovsk At-large
October 23, 1980 August 21, 1986
1982
10 Nikolai Ivanovich Ryzhkov Nikolai Ryzhkov
(born 1929)
Moscow At-large
August 21, 1986 February 23, 1990 1986
11 Nazarbayev Inauguration 1991 (cropped) Nursultan Nazarbayev
(born 1940)
Alma-Ata At-large
February 23, 1990 March 20, 2014 1990 Eduard Shevardnadze (July 17, 1997)
Eduard Shevardnadze
(1990–1998)
1994
1998 Stanislav Shushkevich
Stanislav Shushkevich
(1998–2006)
2002
2006 Viktor Tyulkin cropped
Viktor Tyulkin
(2006–present)
2010
12 Vasily Yakemenko, November 2010 Vasily Yakemenko
(born 1971)
Moscow At-large
March 20, 2014 incumbent 2014
2018
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.