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Welcome to On This Day in Alternate History, a project to list at least one event per day from the many timelines, large and small, on our wiki.

To add events to the list: Add an event, under the corresponding month and day, using the following format:

**'''year''' - Description of the event in present tense that includes a '''[[link to the relevant article]]'''. ''([[Name of timeline]])''

Please don't list events that occurred exactly the same in our timeline. Or if you do, include enough context so that it's clear that the event had a different outcome; for example, an OTL battle that had a different result.

On this day in alternate history...

January










  • 10th
    • 1854 - Austro-Russian forces begin the Siege of Calafat, as the Ottomans seek British and French aid against the seemingly-unstoppable forces of Radetzky. (The Right Blunder)
    • 1930 - The Mongols develop a device capable of receiving radio waves and use it to spy on Roman and Japanese transmissions along the Frontline. (Superpowers)
    • 1937 - Some ex-Canada governments make a conference to decide if they join the Commonwealth of Nations, the results were: the Commonwealth of Ontario, Commonwealth of Pacifica, and Commonwealth of Alberta. (Balkanized North America)
    • 1946 - Congress passes legislation which abolishes the draft for the time being. Due to President Hitler's large mobilizations of troops in the 1930's the draft was never really needed anyway. (Hitler is an American---Version 1)
    • 1986 - After intense fighting against the United Arab Emirates, the last Iranian forces surrendered. According to its peace treaty with Iraq, Iran was forced to cede the islands to the UAE. (1983: Doomsday)
    • 1991 - German forces invade and manage to hold Block Island, off the coast of New England. Block Island is used as a staging ground for German bombings of the United States. (Ceasefire 1947)


  • 12th
    • 1918 - The Finnish Senate and Parliament create a "State power of internal order and discipline," laying the foundations of the Finnish White forces that will be one of the major factions of the War of Liberty. (Mannerheim's Finland)

  • 13th
    • 1847 - Mexican forces in California surrender to Britain and the United States in the Treaty of Cahuenga, but the Mexican War will continue for another year in Baja California and central Mexico. (New Albion)






  • 19th



  • 22nd
    • 467 - The assembled princes of the Cimbrian Alliance elect High King Æthelred of Cimbria to lead them, signaling their independence of Roman control. (L'Uniona Homanus)




  • 26th
    • 1987: The British Bulldogs lose the WWF Tag Team Championship to The Hart Foundation; the Dynamite Kid is so debilitated with a back injury that he has to be virtually carried to the ring by Davey Boy Smith. (Pop Culture Boogaloo)





February




  • 4th
    • 1700 - The murder of King Charles II of Spain is blamed on French agents, sparking the First World War, in which Peru, Japan, and Siam will join the Bourbon side, and England and much of continental Europe will support the Habsburgs. (Vicuña of the East)


  • 6th
    • 1563 - In a great victory for the Puritan faction, Henry IX is crowned King of England four months after the death of Queen Elizabeth. (Pox)


  • 8th
    • 1986 - The community of Natchez is reconstituted as a city-state as the town government merges with the provisional government of Mississippi. (1983: Doomsday)









  • 17th
    • 1826 - Kicking off the final phase of the Mexican Civil War, General Houston enters Mexican territory from El Paso, diverting royalist troops away from the real U.S. objective in Veracruz. (Canadian Independence)

  • 18th
    • 1466 - With the Treaty of Elix, the Manchego War ends with Aragon gaining the Kingdom of Murcia from defeated Castile. (Sacred Accord)








  • 26th
    • 1905 - Following Japan's humiliating defeat in the Russo-Japanese War, civil unrest devolves into open revolution in the small island country, with half of what was left of the Japanese Army defecting to the revolutionaries. (A Better Tsar)
    • 2010 - Lafayette Parish, the center of population and government in the state of Louisiana, signs an agreement with the League of Nations for help restoring electricity and telephone service. (1983: Doomsday)


  • 28th
    • 1947 - Puyi's imperial government, exiled in Taiwan and under the control of the extreme nationalist Concordia Association, declares martial law after left-wing protests break out, causing as many as 20,000 to be killed. (German Heritage)

March








QuebecCurrency.PNG


  • 9th
    • 1925 - Charles Mangin, the President, Prime Minister, and de facto military dictator of France, is stricken by appendicitis following a stroke; officials in government begin drawing up plans for his death that will give rise to the Third French Kingdom. (Our Place in the Sun)



  • 12th
    • 1856 - In the Treaty of Paris, China agrees to return most of the territory that it occupied during the Crimean War but gains control of Sakhalin's oil industry. (Chinese Meiji)

  • 13th
    • 1992 - The Jacó Peace Conference begins the process of creating a new national unity government for Costa Rica, ending more than four years of civil war in the country. (1983: Doomsday)



  • 16th
    • 1524 - Following its defeat in the Likan War, Hungary is partitioned between Austria and Bohemia. (Foedus Sacrum)

  • 17th
    • 1717 - At the Kiel Conference, held in the middle of the Trønder War, Holstein-Gottorp is reorganized as the Kiel Confederation and formally made a Swedish vassal. (Seger)

  • 18th
    • 1918 - In the wake of U.S. capitulation on the Mexican Front, the states of Kentucky, Tennessee, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, and Missouri join their neighbors to the east and southwest in the United Socialist States of America. (Russian Reversal)


  • 20th
    • 1869 - Discovering that the U.S. has clandestinely been supporting slave uprisings in its territory, the Confederate States declare war on the United States, launching the War of 1869. (Worldwide American Civil War)
    • 1996 - Bob Dole sweeps the Republican primary contests across the midwest with ease, allowing him to clinch the Republican nomination. (A Better Man)


  • 22nd
    • 1989 - A massive asteroid impact strikes the Atlantic Ocean, flooding the coast of North America and killing millions. (Impact)



  • 25th
    • 2004 - G4 TV acquires MobyGames, rebranding the gaming catalog website "G4MobyGames". (Ohga Shrugs)

  • 26th
    • 1931 - David Lloyd George begins his third premiership after negotiating a coalition with Labour leader Philip Snowden; 12 MP's of Lloyd George's own Liberal Party defect to join the Conservative opposition. (The Found Order)



  • 29th
    • 1867 - The United States, preoccupied with ongoing tension with the as-yet unrecognized Confederacy, declines an offer by Russian Ambassador Russian Ambassador Eduard de Stoeckl for the sale of Alaska. (Two Americas)


April






  • 6th
    • 1557 - Queen Mary I gives birth to Isabella of England, her second child with Philip II of Spain. (Hapsburgs Unite)

  • 7th
    • 1979 - Leaders of the six Ognian states meet in Quaoar and adopt a constitution for the the new confederation of Ognia: the only majority-indigenous nation of Antarctica in modern times. (Great White South)












  • 19th
    • 1961 - The American-backed Brigade 2506 successfully invades the Bay of Pigs, sparking the global War of Pigs. (War of Pigs)





  • 24th
    • 1951 - Colonel Kenny Roberson drops the atomic bomb "Big Boy" from his B-29 Superfortress Praetorian on Teng Sha Ho Military Base in Liaoning, China, ending Chinese involvement in the Korean War. (6-2-5 Upheaval)






May










  • 10th
    • 1981 - James Callaghan names Donald Dewar to the newly created position of First Secretary for Scotland, a position that Dewar will hold throughout the age of Labour dominance in the 80s. (Election '78)






  • 16th
    • 1877 - The May 1877 Crisis begins when members of the Catholic Brigade seize control of the Charlottenburg Palace in Berlin. (Vive L'Empire)

  • 17th
    • 1871 - American and British officials sign the Treaty of Washington, ending the Fenian War; the United States gains British Columbia and Vancouver, while Manitoba is recognized as an independent republic. (Homelands)

  • 18th
    • 2001 - Dreamworks releases Shrek, whose success will prompt other studios to make many CGI Shrek-inspired films in the early to mid-2000s. (The Toon Boom)





  • 23rd








  • 31st
    • 1223 - The combined armies of Kiev, Galicia-Volhynia, Chernigov, and the Cumans deliver a crushing defeat to the Mongols under Jebe and Subutai at the Battle of the Kalka River, putting a permanent end to the Mongol conquests in Europe. (Beyond the Ocean)

June









  • 9th
    • 1918 - A specialist with the joint Stanford University-United States Department of Defense Temporal Observations Group accidentally saves the life of Lieutenant John Nichols at the Battle of Belleau Wood. (Temporal Incursion 1918)


  • 11th
    • 1905 - After revolutionary forces capture Tokyo, Emperor Meiji abdicates the throne and flees to Russia with his family and all those loyal to him, ending the 2,564 year old Japanese monarchy. (A Better Tsar)

  • 12th
    • 1916 - British forces lift the Siege of London largely through the use of mustard gas, one of the few weapons proven to be effective against the Martian invaders. (The Martian War)
    • 1942 - After the defeat of Nazi Germany in Europe, the Russian Empire focuses on Japan. The three-day Second Battle of Tsushima begins, the largest naval battle in world history involving 316 ships and over 700 aircraft. (A Better Tsar)




  • 16th
    • 1940 - Germany declares war on America. The Soviet Union declares war on Japan. (Evil Empire)
    • 1970 - Maurice Bonaparte, Crown Prince of the French Empire, is killed in a car accident in Berlin. Circumstances were mysterious. His younger brother Albert, at the time head of the French Foreign Ministry, assumes title of Crown Prince and the duties within the Grand Assembly that are entailed. (Napoleon's World)
    • 2006 - President Kerry sends a bill to Congress to increase the minimum wage and to link it to inflation. The Republicans immediately condemn the bill as anti-business. (President Kerry)
    • 2009 - Uachtarán Mary Robinson, Speaker Annabel Ewing, and Taoiseach Mark Cosgrove sign the Constitution of the Celtic Alliance in Dublin Castle. (1983: Doomsday)














July


  • 2nd
    • 1945 - Germany and the Allied Powers sign the Treaty of Stockholm: Germany is given free hand in Europe, Italy withdraws from Ethiopia, and Britain is forced to join the NSF and relinquish its colonies in Africa. (Soviet Defeat)
    • 1961 - Janey J Lummis is born. (Zhou)
    • 1996 - O.J. Simpson decides that he will run for Mayor in the next election on a platform of lowering taxes to help Vegas-area businesses. (President Simpson)
    • 2007 - Minority Leader Harry Reid asks President Bush for an explanation of the failures of the Iraqi Government to reach any of its "benchmarks". Spokesman Tony Snow says that "there are indications of a potential positive aspect that will be seen by the Fall". The matter is quickly dropped, though Maine Senator Susan Collins says on CNN that she too would like more "positive news" from "the Surge". Support for the war drops to 31% nation-wide. (2006: US Stays Red)




















  • 22nd

  • 23rd
    • 1925 - The Bourges Agreement was made between Albert, Grand Marshall Cerf and Heinrich Jasser, head of the Berlinerbank, the largest bank in the Empire: Napoleon III would be removed from power in one month's time, and the Empire's elite would back the coup one hundred percent. (Napoleon's World)
    • 1935 - The Battle of Norfork occurs, resulting in the destruction of the naval yard, the shattering of the U.S. First Army, and the seizure of some destroyers and a battleship by the guerrilla forces. (The Hammer of America)
    • 1942 - Japanese battle to capture Queenstown, New Zealand, begins. Queenstown had been functioning as the Guerrillas support base. With the Guerrillas mostly neutralized, Japanese troops occupy most of the remainder of South Island. (Japanese Victory)
    • 1957 - NATO forces defeat Soviet Bloc armies at Gorzow, Poland, and continue to push into central Poland as World War III gets under way. (Invasion of Earth (1957))
    • 2005 - Several Guantanamo detainees, including Australian David Hicks, are tried by a U.S. court during the administration of US President John Kerry. Though many are not so lucky, Hicks is found not guilty and returned home, where he begins to speak out against his treatment at Camp X-Ray and causes severe embarrassment for the Australian government. (President Kerry)
    • 2009 - US President John McCain's first trip to Iraq. McCain met with Iraqi President Jalal Talabani and Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki. He also visited U.S. soldiers fighting in the Iraq War. (Step in a Different Direction)





  • 28th
    • 1914 - Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia and is joined by Turkey and Bulgaria; Greece and Romania come to Serbia's aid, sparking the Third Balkan War. (Loyal Italy)



  • 31st
    • 2011 - With strong backing from King Louis XXII, the National Assembly of France passes a bill legalizing gay marriage. (Escape to Metz)

August

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  • 30th
    • 1938 - The Invasion of Czechoslovakia by Nazi Germany begins at dawn at 6:15 a.m. as 39 divisions of the German Army (Wehrmacht Heer), without a formal declaration of war issued, crosses the border and launch attacks into western Bohemia, northern and southern Moravia. The german troops, supported by artillery and armour, soon gets entangled with the Czech border fortifications as the Battle of the Border begins. Due to heavy mist the Luftwaffe could not launch air attacks until midday. (War in a Far Away Country)

October

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  • 2nd
    • 1938 - France, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union declared war on Germany, triggering World War II. They were followed by the fully independent Dominions of the British Commonwealth — Australia (3 October), Canada (10 October), New Zealand (3 October), and South Africa (6 October). (War in a Far Away Country)

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  • 10th
    • 271 - Emperor Quintillus of the Roman Empire is publically executed in the Flavian amphitheatre following an intense riot in Rome. According to popular legend, he was crucified in his Imperial regalia. A lengthy interregnum follows as the Roman Empire descends further into anarchy. (Vastator Orbis)
    • 1848 - John Móga and his Hungarian Army cross the Austrian border and one day later march into Vienna. (Victorious 1848)
    • 2011 - The 100th anniversary of the establishment of the Republic of China. (Fatherlands)

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    • 1906 - With Japanese president Katsura Tarō asserting total control of Japan, the Republic of Japan is proclaimed, ending the Japanese Revolution. (A Better Tsar)

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  • 21st
    • 1904 - The Dogger Bank Incident wasn't solved diplomatically and it escalates to Britain joining the Russo-Japanese war on Japan's side. The Russo-Japanese war continues to expand until most of the world is at war, thus causing an Early World War I. (Early World War I)

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November

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    • Nicholas II ascends the throne after the death of his father, Alexander III. (various timelines)

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JFK escapes assassination paper.jpg


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December

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Attack on Pearl Harbor Japanese planes view.jpg


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  • 16th
    • 1974 - The December Revolution Begins as the Soviet government becomes very unpopular with the people due to it's intense military spending after the loss in Vietnam, and it shortly ends 5 hours later after the military surrenders seeing as they were also suppressed and treated poorly by the Soviet government and the Soviet dictator and the rest of his staff are assassinated, and in tern the Syndicalist Union of Slavic Peoples, an Syndicalist Democracy is set up. [[1]]. (In the trees]])----
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    • 1635 - In peace talks at Nordhausen led by Johann Georg, Elector of Saxony, Sweden accepts the terms of the Peace of Prague and ends its war against the Holy Roman Empire. (Pragfreden)

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See also

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