The Republic of Andhra Pradesh is a successor nation to the defunct Republic of India. One of the first states to leave India in the chaos, it is a close ally of Tamil Nadu, as the two are the strongest remnants of the Indian Republic outside of the UIP.
The Mauryans extended the their rule over Andhra in the 4th century BC. With the fall of the Maurya Empire in the 3rd century BC, the Satavahanas became independent. After the decline of the Satavahanas in AD 220, the Ikshvaku dynasty, Pallavas, Ananda Gotrikas, Rashtrakutas, Vishnukundinas, Eastern Chalukyas, and Cholas ruled the region. During this period, Telugu emerged as a popular language, supplanting Prakrit and Sanskrit. As early as the 1st century, the Chalukyas were mentioned as being vassals and chieftains under the Satavahanas and later under the Ikshvakus.
The battle of Palnadu resulted in the weakening of the Eastern Chalukya dynasty and led to the emergence of the Kakatiya dynasty in the 12th and 13th centuries. Eventually all the Telugu lands were united by the Kakatiyas. In AD 1323, Delhi Sultan Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq sent a large army under Ulugh Khan to conquer the Telugu country and captured Warangal. Musunuri Nayaks recaptured Warangal from the Delhi Sultanate in AD 1326 and ruled for fifty years. In AD 1347, an independent Muslim state, the Bahmani Sultanate, was established in south India by Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah in a revolt against the Delhi Sultanate. The Qutb Shahi dynasty held sway over the Andhra country for about two hundred years from the early part of the 16th century to the end of the 17th century.
In Colonial India, the area became part of the British Madras Presidency. Eventually this region emerged as the Coastal Andhra region. The Nizams of Hyperbad retained control of the interior provinces, acknowledging British rule in return for local autonomy. India became independent from the United Kingdom in 1947. The Nizam wanted to retain the independence of Hyderabad from India, but the people of the region launched a movement to join the Indian Union. The state of Hyderabad was forcibly joined to the Republic of India in 1948. Following protests, Andhra state was carved out of Telugu speaking areas of Madras State on 1 November 1953, with Kurnool as its capital.
Andhra Pradesh, and India in general, were not directly impacted by the events of Doomsday. However, with the assassination of Prime Minister Indra Gandhi in 1984, nationalists in Andhra Pradesh declared independence, following the lead of other groups and regions all across the subcontinent.
This did not go smoothly, however - parts of the state erupted in violence after the declaration. These were the areas of Rayalaseema and Telangana, both which had been incorporated into Andra Pradesh soon after the independence of India in order to form a united Telgu state. These two areas would soon establish their own independence.
Independence and Civil-War
It did not take long for the violence to come to a head - within a few months, the government had lost control of both areas, to the point where they had to be evacuated from Hyderabad to the coastal city of Visakhapatnam. Forces loyal to the Titular Nizam of Hyderabad, who had been in Australia at Doomsday, under his brother, Prince Muffakham Jah - later to be declared the Nizam after his brother's death in the strike on Perth was confirmed - took control of that area, and nationalists took control of Rayalaseema to the south.
At this point, diplomacy was attempted - but that failed, and the region disintegrated into warfare. Eventually, the Andhra government collapsed under the strain of dealing with both the warfare and a famine, leading to more radicalized individuals taking control.
Eventually, by the late 1980s, the Andhra government came under the control of more moderate individuals, who recognized that they could not defeat either of the two groups. Plus, a drought in their areas of control only made things worse. A ceasefire was agreed on, and even today, Andhra Pradesh claims both areas, though they have no chance, realistically, of ever reclaiming them.
With the civil war over, the government focused on establishing total dominance over the areas it did control. Troops were sent out on the borders and and areas which were proving troublesome were dealt with quickly and harshly.
After the civil war, the government began to focus on rebuilding the newly-independent country. This was not going well, and for the first ten years post-independence, the country was in shambles and had suffered many disastrous harvests.
Yet with aid from the SAC and Tamil Nadu beginning to flow into the country, the government could finally get some rebuilding done. The first priority was to construct a new parliamentary building, followed by repairing destroyed and damaged roads. This took around seven years. Farming was also given a priority, and good harvests enabled the population to grow again, after the famine years of 1983-1993.
Trading was soon re-established with some of the Indian states, and this helped the government receive some crucial funding to invest in other infrastructure projects. Some of these projects included building three new cricket stadia for the enjoyment of the populace as well as for touring teams.
By early 2003, all three cricket stadia had been completed and each, on average, could hold up to 60,000 people. These were the pride of the country, not even the UIP or Pakistan could match the design and construction of the stadia. Yet these stadia took a lot from the country's income to build, and did prove a drain on resources.
In late 2003, the UIP was formed by many of the Indian remnants. The UIP helped give the states under it a collective voice, and for the first time in 20 years, the government of Andhra felt threatened and quickly went to high alert. Yet the threat did not come to a head, and by early 2005, some trading was established between the two countries and relations opened.
In 2008, a treaty was finally finally signed between Rayalaseema and Andhra Pradesh, which recognized their borders. This did not change the fact that both countries claimed each other as a part of their own country. Many have said that this treaty was not due to mutual understanding but because of necessity to sort out rows and the international pressure of a re-emerging UIP.
The government of the country has undergone few changes over its 30 years of independence. Although it is not truly democratic and endures quite a bit of corruption, it is much fairer than its Tamil counterpart in this regard.
The government consists of a parliament, run by a prime minister, and a president, both appointed by the Telugu Desam Party, which controls the state. One of these positions, however, will always be held by the leader of the party - the constitution of Andhra Pradesh bars any one individual from holding either position for more than four years at a time, but places no limits on holding them past that.
In truth, the leadership of the party is the people in charge of the state. For many years, this was N. T. Rama Rao, the founder of the party, who alternated between the two roles. Today, the position is held by his son-in-law, N. Chandrababu Naidu.
Andhra Pradesh's military is usually considered to be the fifth most powerful on the subcontinent, though the government of Rayalaseema disputes this. The country's armed forces are divided into three sections - the Army, the Air Force and the Navy.
Andhra's Army is the strongest of is armed forces. Its has around 250,000 actively serving troops, divided between the UIP border and the Rayalaseema border, and with around 350,000 in reserve. These numbers are sustainable due to crucial SAC and Tamil backing, though they still are a heavy burden for the state to maintain.
Its air force is one of the stronger ones in the region. Having about 9,000 personnel serving in various roles, it boasts 12 old MiG-21s, and 34 EMB 312 Tucano light attack aircraft, sold to them by the Brazilian government. These aircraft help protect its border regions, and help make up for its almost negligible Navy.
Andhra's Navy is the weakest in the region and indeed the weakest part of its armed forces. Inheriting almost none of the former Indian navy, it has less than 2,000 men serving actively in the Navy. Almost all of its fleet is made of captured patrol boats and the country only has one larger ship, an obsolete frigate given to it by the SAC.
Andhra Pradesh is mainly an agrarian state, and has benefited from SAC exports of fertilizer and the increased rainfall after doomsday. The economy largely depends on the export of crops, even after all these years. Because the country is based on agriculture, a bad famine could completely destroy the economy.
The country also has small industrial areas along the coast, which have had to be rebuilt after the chaos of Doomsday and the following period of warfare. These mainly produce cotton, tractors and ropes to be sold and exported. Some new factories are under construction, so that the country can exploit its crops more efficiently, but work is slow.
The country's economy is often said to be hanging on a shoestring. Without continuous support from the Tamil government and regular support from the SAC, many suspect the country would collapse completely and could be divided between areas which would prefer to join with Rayalaseema and areas which would prefer to join with the UIP.
Andhra Pradesh, like other breakaway states in the region, has good relations with the SAC. The SAC helps to arm their armies and donates fertilizer to the country to aid its agricultural sector. This has led to Andhra having to rely on aid from the SAC from time to time.
Andhra also has very good relations with Tamil Nadu, whom they consider a natural ally, as both nations are the strongest remnants of India in the region. Tamil Nadu has also helped crush rebellions by those in the country who want Andhra to become part of a united India once again.
Relations with the UIP are frosty, although not as hostile as that of Tamil Nadu. Andhra does trade with the UIP, however, unlike the Tamils, who refuse the concept. They trade crops for equipment to help build their factories, yet due to trading being slow, factories take a long time to be constructed.
The most popular sport in the country is cricket, which is also the national sport. The government encourages the sport to be played and has helped fund many new stadia. These stadiuaare some of the most well-built on the sub-continent and are the pride of the country.
Its cricket teams have played their Tamil and Rayala counterparts many times, and the populace usually compares Andra and Rayala cricket matches to the India-Pakistan ones watched prior to Doomsday. It is no surprise, then, that the matches between the two states receive a huge turnout.