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The Antarctic Tuzelmann Award (ATA) is one of (if not the) most prestigious award bestowed unto an Antarctic citizen. Similar to the Nobel Peace Prize, the ATA is awarded annually to any citizen in one of the Antarctic territories who have made outstanding contributions to their country, their continent, keeping peace, and promoting equality (it is occasionally awarded for contributions to Literature or Science, like the other Nobel Prizes). Before 1953, a government-chosen committee in Maudland presented the ATA, until Maudland joined the Antarctic Assembly and the Antarctic Tuzelmann Award Committee was formed at the South Pole with 22 members. To date, Maudland has been the recipient of most of the awards, with Santiago (a close ally of Maudland) coming second.
The ATA has been awarded annually, with the only exceptions being due to war.
Traditionally, the Award has been bestowed on a single person each year, with the only exception being in 1938, when it was jointly awarded to Lawrence Waltham and George Seale. Although the Antarctic Tuzelmann Award Committee nomination rules do not prohibit joint awards, this has only been done once.
Each year, the ceremony opens with a demonstration or performance (often with a military theme) involving at least one representative from each Antarctic nation. After this, the Chairman of the ATA Committee delivers a brief address; before a keynote speech from a well-known Antarctic individual, usually a politician, artist, or scientist. Every Director General of the South Pole has given an ATA keynote speech at least once during his tenure.
There are usually one or two shorter speeches after the keynote speech, and the major events of the year from around Antarctica (and the rest of the world) are recapped and discussed. After this, the nominees are officially announced (though they are unofficially informed roughly one month before the ceremony); and the previous year's laureate gives a brief speech expressing how they have continued their work since the year before.
Finally, the previous year's laureate presents the award to the winner, who delivers an acceptance speech. There is often a closing act or performance to end the ceremony, though this varies from year to year. An after-party is typically held on the roof of the Amundsen-Scott Station for the year's nominees.
In the event that the previous year's laureate is unable to attend, the award is presented by the Chairman of the ATA Committee or the Director-General of the South Pole. In 1945, King Haakon VII of Norway presented the award, to mark the significance of the first post-war ceremony.
Since the founding of the Tuzelmann Award, there has been much controversy surrounding some of the Laureates it has been awarded to. Many leaders, such as Sir Forest Kosluck and Daniel Quilt, were nominated for the award but were overlooked which caused much dispute in their home country.
Many have stated that scientists, politicians and authors from New Swabia and Bellinsgauzenia had made contributions that would have them be considered for the Award, but due to Maudland having prejudicial views towards the country, and their boycott of the early years of the Antarctic Assembly, they have been omitted from being nominated.
Due to the close relationship between Maudland and Santiago multiple citizens of Antarctica, (and even Santiago) have been upset to the apparent favouritism of this country. An example of this is the 1953 Laureate Felipe Juárez, who was an unpopular President of Santiago who did little for his country and was accused of being corrupt, was awarded the ATA due to his work in environmentalism and the Antarctic Assembly.
The "Cursed Decade", (see below), was a period in the Awards history where 6 of the 11 Laureates were assassinated due to controversial issues, and one other was wounded on two occasions.
The "Cursed Decade" is a term used to describe the history of the ATA between 1961 to 1971, in which 6 of the 11 Laureates were assassinated shortly after winning the award. Those assassinated were:
|1961||Sir Eustace Singline||New Vestfold||1966-03-14||Aatsista Nik'alk|
|1964||Nazar Popov||Bellinsgauzenia||1966-06-09||Bellinsgauzenian Government|
|1966||Lord Beauford Carter||New Devon||1967-11-21||Russian Continental Army|
|1968||Pekka Tulenheimo||Santiago||1969-06-03||Allende Syndicate|
|1969||Donald Goat||Eduarda||1972-04-15||Anne Nishauk|
|1971||Randy Numbulwar||New Vestfold||1972-01-26||Halcón Syndicate|
In addition to these assassinations, the 1965 laureate Emmanuel Peláez was wounded during two separate assassination attempts — one in 1966, the other in 1971 — but he survived both of these attacks.
The assassinations were usually motivated by the Laureate's work which had won them the award. For example, Pekka Tulenheimo was assassinated by an organized crime syndicate less than a year after he won the ATA for battling organized crime. Some of the assassins wanted to "send a message" to the ATA Committee for awarding the Prize to a controversial figure — the RCA killed Lord Carter in Amundsen-Scott just days before he was to present the next award (it is customary for a Laureate to present the award to the following year's Laureate).
Many have tried to explain the unusually high rate of assassinations during this period; usually citing the political reforms Antarctica was going through at the time as the cause. Few of the assassinations were linked – or even performed by the same perpetrator – so most historians consider it a mere coincidence; but some theorists have suggested that a major conspiracy may be to blame for most (if not all) of the "Cursed Decade" assassinations. Some have even linked them to other contemporary assassinations, such as John F. Kennedy's and Dr. Martin Luther King's. Most prominent historians reject these conspiracy theories.
|Year||Portrait||Laureate||Country||Rationale / Notes|
|1901||Dagfinn Lund||Swedish-Norwegian Antarctica|
|1902||Halvard Olhouser||Swedish-Norwegian Antarctica|
|1903||Snorre C. Toov||Swedish-Norwegian Antarctica|
|1904||Tryggve Tidemand||Swedish-Norwegian Antarctica|
|1905||Luciano Hernandez II||Santiago||Diplomat and Santiago's first Foreign Secretary who helped establish most of his country's first embassies and consulates. Awarded for his contributions to Santiago's fledgling foreign relations.|
|1906||Olav Vilhjalmsson||Norwegian Antarctica|
|1907||Otto Nordenskiold||Norwegian Antarctica|
|1908||Miguel Suárez||Santiago||First President of Santiago. Awarded for his unification and establishment of the country, forming its first alliances, and encouraging anti-Colonial independence for other Antarctic nations.|
|1909||Dominigo Edgardo de Maurell||Santiago||Physician and anthropologist. Awarded for his studies and papers on the indigenous peoples of the continent; and his pioneering support for equal treatment for them.|
|1910||Bernhard von Grimmelshausen||New Swabia|
|1911||Egill Bensten||Norwegian Antarctica|
|1912||Charlotte Bergfalk||Norwegian Antarctica|
|1913||Vladimir Uritski||Russian Antarctica||Governor of Petrovia.|
|1919||Fritjof Hummel||Norwegian Antarctica||Governor of Maudland.|
A posthumous citation was also given to Nikolai Gorchakov, who had been assassinated the year before, but the Award cannot be given to a deceased person.
|1920||Francisco Bodega||Santiago||President of Santiago and leader of the country's pro-Allied coup in 1915. Awarded for the coup, the peace treaties he made with the Allies and the reconstruction policies he enacted after its success.|
|1921||Hemming Hult||Norwegian Antarctica|
|1922||Quentin E. Cleaver||Territory of Western Antarctica||General of the American peace troops in Antarctica. Awarded for his contribution to ensuring peace during WWI and the Russian Civil War, as well as helping form the Territory of Western Antarctica.|
|1923||Lea Fromm||Antarctic Mandate|
|1924||Njáll Clausen||Norwegian Antarctica|
|1925||Lars Eklund||Norwegian Antarctica||Last surviving member of the original committee and founders of the ATA. Awarded for his help in starting the Award and for helping it survive through WWI.|
|1926||Sir Sebastian Chauncer||Eduarda||First Prime Minister of Eduarda. Awarded for his work in the Eduardan self-determination movement which had won the country's independence in 1921.|
|1927||Juan Schmidt||Santiago||President of Santiago. Awarded for greatly tightening his country's alliance with Maudland, and for "the nurturing of Santiago's growing private sector, and exemplary leadership to enhance the country's economic boom".|
|1928||Anne Frisk||Norwegian Antarctica|
|1929||Thompson X. Thompson||Eduarda||Eduardan poet. Awarded for his advancements in Antarctic literature and his philanthropy.|
|1930||Konrad Kahler||Antarctic Mandate||Economist and advisor to Governor Chauncer. Kahler was responsible for most of the policies which helped save the New Swabian economy from the full force of the Great Depression.|
|1931||Elvin Watson||New Devon|
|1932||Werner M. Langenberg||Norwegian Antarctica|
|1933||Vivian Koch||Norwegian Antarctica|
|1934||Leroy Frank Johnston||Territory of Western Antarctica|
|1935||Harold Oakland||New Vestfold||Vestian ornithologist. Awarded for his extensive and beneficial research into the penguin species that inhabit the continent.|
|1937||Richard Ansill||Ross Dependency|
and Lawrence Waltham
|Only joint honor in the history of the ATA. Waltham and Seale were the Governors of their respective territories. Awarded for their close collaboration in bringing a final and lasting peace to the former Russian West Antarctica, which had been in turmoil since the Russian Civil War two decades earlier.|
|1944||Matthias Bryn||Norwegian Antarctica||The first Premier of Maudland. Awarded for his work for Maudlandic independence and his leadership in WWII.|
|1945||Mike Townsend||Ross Dependency||In 1945, the committee decided to present the Award to an ordinary low-ranking soldier, who would represent all of the Antarctic troops who had fought and died during World War II. Townsend had served as a fighter pilot in both the Antarctic and Pacific campaigns, and was one of the most decorated members of the Ross Dependency's military. The committee narrowly chose him over McKinley O'Hara of Byrdia, who later became the 3rd Director-General of the South Pole.|
This was also the only award presented by a Monarch - King Haakon VII of Norway.
|1946||Joan Roman||New Devon|
|1947||José Guerrero||Santiago||President of Santiago. Collective award for 16 years of Presidency (he served 20 years in total; four of which were after winning the ATA). Awarded for his leadership during the Great Depression, the Bellinsgauzenia War, World War II and the post-War reconstruction period.|
|1948||Rafael Zavala Sr||Santiago||Mayor of San Martín. Awarded for his years of work in developing the city, to the point that it was granted statehood and called "the most modern city on the continent".|
|1949||Lord Graeme Granville||Eduarda||Governor-General of Eduarda and former Ambassador to Great Britain. Awarded for his contributions in creating peace and stability after World War II. Helped form the Antarctic Assembly.|
|1950||Julius A. Krug||Byrdia Territory||First Director-General of the South Pole. Awarded for his assistance in forming the Antarctic Assembly and for overseeing the trials of a majority of the New Swabian war criminals.|
|1951||Knut Laxness||Maudland||Founder of the Laxness Antarctic Orphanage, a series of orphanages around the continent which housed numerous children; many of whom had lost their parents in World War II. The LAO was also one of the only foreign non-profit organizations allowed to operate in New Swabia at the time.|
|1953||Felipe Juárez||Santiago||President of Santiago. Awarded for his pioneering support for environmentalism and animal rights; and for his work in encouraging more nations into joining the Antarctic Assembly.|
|1954||Hector Jelling||New Devon|
|1955||Gwen Earle||New Devon|
|1956||James Paul Woodward||New Devon|
|1957||Max Friedman||Maudland||Maudlandic diplomat. Awarded for his effort in convincing Maudland and Peter I Island to join the Antarctic Assembly.|
|1961||70px||Sir Eustace Singline||New Vestfold||Former Chief Minister of New Vestfold. Awarded for his helpful contributions in the Ognian Rebels Committee; and for the trialling of New Swabian war criminals.|
First Laureate of the "Cursed Decade" of the ATA (1961-71), in which 6 of the 11 laureates were assassinated shortly after winning the Award.
|1962||70px||Anna Lykke||Maudland||Premier of Maudland. Awarded for promoting positive femenist views across the continent and her ongoing attempts to better the relations with the country's neighbours.|
|1964||Nazar Popov||Bellinsgauzenia||Pacifist and poet from Bellinsgauzenia. Awarded for his oppositon towards fascist and military controlled governments, his publications on the Bellinsgauzenian Government, and promoting pacifism.|
|1965||Emmanuel Peláez||Santiago||Director of the Department of National Intelligence. Awarded for his work in exposing and arresting several high-profile organized crime leaders, whose syndicates were operating across Antarctica.|
|1966||Lord Beauford Carter||New Devon||Governor-General and former Military leader. Awarded for his years of fighting (both militarily and politically) against militant Russian Nationalists, particularly the Russian Continental Army.|
|1967||Custodia de Merlo||Santiago|
|1968||Pekka Tulenheimo||Santiago||President of Santiago. Awarded for his extensive attempts to eradicate Santiago's organized crime syndicates; which had become problematic across Antarctica.|
|1969||70px||Donald Goat||Eduarda||Eduardan Minister of Interior and Indigenous Affairs. Awarded for his endless work in the formation and development of reservations for AIPs in Eduarda.|
|1970||Jasper Smith||Eduarda||Playwright, poet and author. Awarded primarily for his two most famous works: the semi-autobiographical novel It Goes On, about his service in World War II; and the three-person-play The Airfield.|
|1971||Randy Numbulwar||New Vestfold||Chief Minister of New Vestfold. Awarded for his campaigning for better rights for Australian Aborigines.|
Last Laureate of the "Cursed Decade".
|1972||Quaor Nugmar||Ognia||Ognian statesman and first Mayor of Medquar. Awarded for helping confederate the states of Ognia.|
|1974||Mary Abraham||New Devon||Author. Awarded for the world-famous pro-Civil Rights novel The Railway, which remains the best-selling piece of literature in Antarctic history.|
|1975||Hunter S. Tamworth||New Devon|
|1977||Ruth Delilah Howard||Eduarda|
|1978||Takehiko Fujimoto||Byrdia Territory||Japanese-Byrdian scientist. Awarded for his research and theories about the pre-history of Antarctica and why it may have increased in temperature.|
|1983||Thobias Mjoen||Maudland||Premier of Maudland. Awarded for his tireless devotion to democracy, his leadership in the New Swabian War, his attempts to increase Maudlandic independence and his role in New Swabia's reconstruction after the war.|
|1984||Otto Dietrich||New Swabia||Awarded for his efforts in restoring New Swabia to democracy and his long term opposition to the Fascist government.|
|1985||Franz Joseph von Ribbentrop||New Swabia|
|1986||Gretel Leverkusen||New Swabia|
|1987||Maximillion J. Arbuckle III||Byrdia||First Vice President of Byrdia. Awarded for his promotion of Byrdian independence.|
|1988||Oleg Bogomolov||Bellinsgauzenia||Former President of Bellinsgauzenia. Awarded for his efforts to increase his country's diplomatic relations, particularly with the Soviet Union; and for working with Director-General Pagovich to end Bellinsgauzenia's boycott of the Antarctic Assembly.|
|1991||70px||Elmo Focker||United Republic||First President of the United Republic. Awarded for his leadership in uniting the country's Russian, British and Indigenous populations in support of republicanism; and for winning independence peacefully.|
|1992||Dmitri Pagovich||Byrdia||Former Director-General of the South Pole. Awarded for his work in the Byrdian independence and civil rights movements; and for his skilled leadership of the Continent during a tumultuous period.|
|1994||Roger MacFarlane||New Vestfold||Botanist. Awarded for pioneering work in the study of Antarctic flora. Currently studying at the University of Neumayer.|
|1995||Jeremy Thomas||Ross Dependency|
|1998||Gilbert Hoftstadder||New Swabia|
|1999||Pierre C. Beaulieu||Kerguelen|
|2003||Darío Q. H. Salvador||Santiago|
|2006||Ian Milford||United Republic|
|2007||William Harpo Pinkwater||United Republic|
|2009||Matthew K. Solomon||Byrdia||Oil tycoon and one of the richest men in Antarctica. Founded the Blizzard Foundation which is a charity across the continent.|
|2010||Zane White||Balleny Islands||Awarded for his leadership of the Dissolutionist movement in the Ross Dependency, where he united Russo-Antarctic Nationalists and Ballenian autonomists to bring independence to both groups. Currently serving as MP for Cape Winchester, and Ballenian Leader of the Opposition.|
|2011||Heinrich Trelk||New Swabia||New Swabian general that defected to the NSLP after he was ordered to murder every firstborn in the city of Toll. He was given the award for "his tireless efforts in righting the wrongs that the deposed New Swabian Nazi Party had committed, and moving Antarctica and New Swabia into a prosperous future."|