|Archbishop of Riga|
Coat of Arms of the Archbishopric of Riga
|Style||His Most Reverend Excellency|
|First monarch||St. Meinhard|
|Residence||Annex of the Riga Cathederal|
The Archbishop of Riga (Livonian: Arkkpiiskop Rīgast) is the ecclesiastical head of state of the Prince-Archbishopric of Riga, the largest vassal of the Duchy of Livonia.
Once known for their effective rule over all of Livonia, the role of the Archbishop in political governance has declined in the later years of rule by the Kingdom of Prussia.
The current Archbishop is Kaspars I Cilpa. Kaspars I, an ethnic Balto-Finn, was largely responsible for convincing Hercog Jaagup I Vaalgamaast to lead a rebellion against the war-torn Prussian Kingdom.
Title and Style
The official title of the Archbishop of Riga is:
- His Most Reverent Excellency, Archbishop Kaspars I, Archbishop of Riga and Metropolitan of Livonia, Holy Honorary Prelate and Rector of the Holy Church in Livonia.
His formal style is "His Most Reverent Excellency," while his form of personal address is "Your Excellency."
It is also customary to genuflect on the left knee and kiss the signet ring of the archbishop.
The formalities are up to the discretion of the Archbishop, unless a Cardinal or the Pope is in the presence of the Archbishop.
From 1186-1255, the position of the Archbishopric of Riga did not exist. The position of Bishop of Livonia did exist however, and would evolve into the Archbishopric of Riga under Albert Suerbeer in 1255.
1186-1196 (10 years)
|First Bishop of Livonia|
|2||Berthold of Hanover||1196-1998 (2 years)|
|3||Albert of Riga||1199-1229 (30 years)||Constructed Riga Cathedral|
|4||Nikolaus of Nauen||1229-1253 (24 years)||Last Bishop of Livonia|
|5||Albert Suerbeer||1245-1273||Titular Archbishop only (1245-1253)|
|6||Johannes I of Lune||1273-1284|
|7||Johannes II of Vechten||1285-1294|
|8||Johannes III of Schwerin||1294–1300|
|9||Isarnus Tacconi of Fontiès-d'Aude||1300–1302|
|10||Jens Grand||1303-1310||Titular Only, Never came to Riga|
|11||Friedrich von Pernstein||1304–1341|
|12||Engelbert von Dolen||1341–1347|
|13||Bromhold von Vyffhusen||1348–1369|
|15||Johannes IV von Sinten||1374–1393|
|16||Johannes V von Wallenrodt||1393–1418|
|18||Johannnes VI Scharnagel||1424–1448|
|21||Fricis Balodis||1484–1509||First ethnic Livonian Archishop|
|24||Kristaps Ozolinsh||1528–1539||Second ethnic Livonian Archbishop|
|26||Johannes VII Spott||1563–1587||Last ethnic German Archbishop|
|27||Kaspars I||1587-1623||Influential in Livonian Independence|
|Johannes VIII Schöning||1623-Present|