|República Unida de América|
United American Republic
|Timeline: 1983: Doomsday|
Flag of the RUA
|President:||Luis Alberto Lacalle|
The United American Republic (Spanish: República Unida de América), colloquially known as Argentina and the UAR, is a prominent state within the South American Confederation and the second largest country in South America. It is the largest Spanish-speaking nation by land size and the second largest in population (second only to Mexico). The UAR's continental area is between the Andes mountain range in the west and the Atlantic Ocean in the east. It borders Paraguay and Bolivia to the north, Brazil to the northeast, and Chile to the west and south.
It is among the few nations that escaped Doomsday virtually unscathed. Today the United American Republic is one of the most prosperous nations in the world. Its economy is one the largest in the world and its literacy rate is also high. UAR citizens enjoy a high quality of life and GDP per capita, plus enjoying some of the freest political and labor conditions in the world. As part of the economic powerhouse that South America has become, the UAR is incredibly influential.
For Argentina, prehistory in the present territory of Argentina began with the first human settlements on the southern tip of Patagonia around 13,000 years ago. The written history began with the arrival of Spanish chroniclers with the expedition of Juan Díaz de Solís in 1516 to Río de la Plata river, which marks the beginning of Spanish domination in this region. In 1776 the Spanish Crown established the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, an umbrella of territories from which, with the Revolution of May 1810, began a process of gradual formation of several independent states, including one called the United Provinces of Río de la Plata. With the declaration of independence on July 9, 1816 and the military defeat of the Spanish Empire in 1824, a federal state was formed in 1853-1861, known today as the Republic of Argentina.
For Uruguay, the only documented inhabitants before European colonization of the area were the Charrúa, a small tribe driven south by the Guaraní of Paraguay. After 300 years of Spanish, and later Brazilian domination, the country gains his independence from Brazilian Empire in 1828. Since the 1950's and later, the political violence forced to president to declare a state of emergency in 1968, followed by a further suspension of civil liberties in 1972. In 1973, amid increasing economic and political turmoil, the armed forces closed the Congress and established a civilian-military regime. Around 180 Uruguayans are known to have been killed during the 11-year military rule from 1973–1984.
For the Falkland Islands, ever since the re-establishment of British rule in 1833, Argentina has claimed sovereignty. In pursuit of this claim, which is rejected by the islanders, Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands in 1982. This precipitated the two-month-long undeclared Falklands War between Argentina and the United Kingdom and resulted in the defeat and withdrawal of the Argentine forces.
Following Doomsday, Argentina suspended the presidential elections, originally scheduled for late October. President Reynaldo Bignone installed emergency measures to prevent chaos in Argentina. Though not directly hit, Argentina was already experiencing the effects of the total collapse of the global economy and the changing weather patterns.
Some of the first Doomsday refugees to arrive in Argentina were whaling and fishing vessels from Antarctica who after making the continent a temporary home for a few months during the winter they moved to warmer water after supplies dried up.
In January of 1984, representatives from Argentina, Uruguay and the Falkland Islands meet in Buenos Aires to discuss how they can better combine their resources to get through the crisis caused by the economical and environmental damage done by Doomsday. Despite of an initial opposition on the part of some sectors (in special, nationalists), all three nations eventually agree to form a new unified nation called the República Unida de América (United American Republic), which should work as a federation. The Treaty of the Union was signed in La Plata city on March 20, 1984. British military forces in the Falkland Islands reluctantly agree to the situation and evacuate the islands (along with any civilians who wish to join them) and head toward Australia. Montevideo was chosen as the new capital of the country to appease Uruguay who was worried that their country would be swallowed by the more powerful Argentina.
The creation of the UAR marked the first post-Doomsday union of nations. Other future unions, such as the Commonwealth of Australia and New Zealand and the Nordic Union would take lessons learned by the UAR and apply them to form their new nations.
Following the creation of the UAR, Reynaldo Bignone resigned as President of Argentina, but remained involved in the government to help with the transition of Argentina into the new federation. He was succeeded by a transitional council, who announced the scheduling of free and democratic elections that would take place on May 1984, and where it would be elect as first President of the United American Republic, Raul Ricardo Alfonsín for a five-year mandate.
Contact outside Southern Cone
During the Alfonsin's presidency, the United American Republic tried to keep in contact with the rest of Latin America. A Treaty of Peace and Friendship between Chile and Argentina, which resolve the Beagle Dispute was signed later in 1985 by both governments. Argentine ships made many trips north into North America to scavenge destroyed or abandoned American cities. Relations with Mexico continued and a free trade agreement was signed in 1988.
By the 1990s, the United American Republic began to re-establish contact with the rest of the world. Radio contact was re-established with the nations of Oceania. In April 1994, a Canadian fleet arrived and shared news about the status of North America before heading for the Pacific.
Internal History (1985 - 2003)
By 1985-1986, the economy had recovered considerably as result of the implemented measures and the consolidation of the democratic institutions continued advancing. The reduction of corruption in public offices, was an important achievement of Alfonsin's administration. The parliamentary elections realized on 1987 demonstrated continued public support for a strong and vigorous democratic system. At the end of his mandate, Alfonsin reduced the presidential term to four years.
In the election of 1989, the Governor of the La Rioja, Carlos Menem (PJ) succeeded to Alfonsin as Head of the State of UAR. Menem continue with the expansion of the national industries to replace the foreign imports, and sign some cooperation agreements with the countries of the Andean Union and Chile.
For 1993, the vice president Eduardo Duhalde won the nomination for be the candidate from the Justicialist Party in the presidential elections. He beat the opposition candidate with more of 55% of the votes. Meanwhile in the legislative elections, the PJ in alliance with other minor parties gained the majority on the Congress.
In 2003, the United American Republic participated in the undeclared war with the Commonwealth of Australia and New Zealand over control of the Panama Canal Zone. The UAR was especially alarmed by the Australia-New Zealand super-state and the attack on Panama only confirmed the common assumption that the Commonwealth was merely the latest incarnation of the infamous Anglo-American imperialism. The incident galvanized President Tabaré Vázquez to do something about the expansionist Anglos by suggesting to Brazil into going forward with plans for a military and economic alliance of the entire continent. Though there was already a smaller economic/military union known as the Andean Union, it became imperative to bring the rest of the continent under a strong union, especially the two powerhouses: the UAR and Brazil.
Diplomats and presidents met in May 2004, and on June 2 they declared the formation of the South American Confederation, merging the existing Andean Union into the structure. The status of the Panama Canal was one of the issues discussed at the first meeting. It was agreed that control of the Canal Zone would be handed to the SAC at a future date, but that Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador, as the canal's builders, would have guaranteed seats on a five-seat commission to govern it. This model would later be adopted by the League of Nations for administering its international territories. In 2006, the headquarters of the SAC was moved to Montevideo, making the city the most important political centers on the continent.
In 2005, Mauricio Macri was elected President of the United American Republic, and re-elected in 2009. He was instrumental in bringing the UAR into the multinational task force (which included the Celtic Alliance, Portugal, the Republic of Rif, País del Oro, and Chile) that expelled the Sicilians from the Strait of Gibraltar during the First Sicily War. The incident was an important turning point in UAR history. It marked the UAR's ascension as major world power.
The United American Republic is the third largest economy in the world and the second largest in South America, second only to Brazil. Its economy is a mix of manufacturing and agriculture. Several major corporations are headquartered in the nation, such as the automobile maker Fiat.
In 2000, the UAR collaborated with Chile to create the first worldwide communication network accessible via computer terminals in public sites. Known as the "Red Mundial de Communicacion" (REMUNDO), or REM, the network is so far only accessible in South America though servers are being built in Oceania and other parts of the world. Nearly everyone involved with the REMUNDO/Internet agrees it has potential as a significant tool for commerce and social use, but that would require a global infrastructure, and speeds, which may not be available for the next ten to 20 years. The sentiment is that whatever extent REMUNDO develops will depend largely on funding and research from national governments and the League of Nations, as the private sector does not yet have the resources to develop the technology. The LoN has expressed an interest in growing REMUNDO, and the greatest technological breakthroughs are occurring especially in the the United American Republic. Investments brought to the the REM project has invigorated the UAR economy.
Government & Politics
Main Article: Administrative Divisions
- National Front - Conservative ideology with a strong following throughout the UAR.
- Colorado Party - Liberal, centric ideology with a strong following in the former Uruguay.
- Justicialist Party - South American nationalist party with a strong following in the former Argentina.
- Socialist Party - Alliance of socialist parties of the former Argentina and Uruguay. Member of the Socialist International.
Despite the Falkland Islands being a part of the UAR since 1984, New Britain still claims the islands as the successor state to the United Kingdom. This has made relations between the two nations tense, especially since the UAR claims South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands as well. The UAR has been an out-spoken critic of New Britain in the halls of the League of Nations. Some analysts feel this animosity can be traced back to the pre-Doomsday Falkland War where the United Kingdom defeated Argentina.
The UAR is one of several nations to claim territory on Antarctica and has built a research station there to enforce these claims. Argentine claims over Antarctica, as well as overlapping claims made by Chile and the United Kingdom, were suspended by the Antarctic Treaty of 1961. Following Doomsday, the treaty was ignored and nations have reopened claims to the continent.
Buenos Aires, Argentina is the location of Comando Central de Sudamérica of the WCRB.
The UAR's military is heavily involved in peacekeeping efforts around the world and has seen action on at least five continents. The League of Nations actually reimburses the UAR government due to the large amount of its military serving overseas.
The UAR has a significant population of European nationals, who settled in the region before and after Doomsday.
Italians make up a specific portions of Europeans who settled in the UAR. The Committee for the Establishment of a Southern State has a local chapter in the United American Republic. The organization works to end Sicilian control of Southern Italy and to establish a democratic republican state there. The Committee was an important factor in bringing the UAR into the multinational union that retook Gibraltar in 2005 from Sicily.
Although Spanish is the official language, Italian and German - the latter especially due to an increasingly dominant German Diaspora - are slowly becoming major languages alongside it. Ever since the Falkland Islands agreed to become part of the Union, though, English has continued as an "unofficial" language there. Though reduced to a minority, English speakers there are still afforded the courtesy of most printed material being in both Spanish and English. In addition to sub-titles on television and in movies, a few English-speaking radio station continue broadcasting.
Association football, as in most other countries, is not only the most popular sport but deeply engrained into the culture. The UAR's World Cup victory in 1990, the first World Cup held since Doomsday, is fondly remembered by fans. The UAR made it to the quarter finals of the 2010 FIFA World Cup where they were defeated by Brazil.
Diego Maradona, the popular Argentine football star who is thought to have died on Doomsday while in Spain as a member of FC Barcelona [having been last seen in Barcelona on 24 September 1983], was declared the "honorary captain" of the 1990 UAR national team. Popular folklore portrayed Maradona as the "Angel of the Albicelestes" who watched over and helped the team to victory.
The UAR has produced many great footballers in its brief history and that of its predecessor nations Argentina and Uruguay, including Gabriel Bautista and Javier Zanetti. Lionel Messi, the 2009 and 2010 FIFA World Footballer of the Year award, plays for the UAR club Newell's Old Boys.
The domestic league boasts some of the best clubs in the world outside of Brazil, including Boca Juniors, Independiente, Newell's Old Boys, Racing, River Plate and San Lorenzo de la Almagro.
UAR citizens also enjoy and watch a variety of other sports, including basketball; the UAR has won the past three FIBA (Federation de Basketball Association) World titles.
The UAR is served by many of the finest universities in the world, including the National Technological University, the University of Buenos Aires, the National University of La Plata and the Universidad de Palermo (Buenos Aires).