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Armenia, officially the Democratic Republic of Armenia, is a landlocked mountainous country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Situated at the juncture of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran, Kurdistan and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.
The Republic of Armenia, covering an area of 29,743 sq km, is located in the north-east of the Armenian Highland (400,000 sq km, otherwise known as historical Armenia and considered as the original homeland of Armenians. The terrain is mostly mountainous, with fast-flowing rivers and few forests. The climate is highland continental, which means that the country is subjected to hot summers and cold winters. The land rises to 4,090 metres above sea-level at Mount Aragats, and no point is below 390 metres above sea level.
Mount Ararat, which was historically part of Armenia, is the highest mountain in the region. Now located in Turkey, but clearly visible in Armenia, it is regarded by the Armenians as a symbol of their land. Because of this, the mountain is present on the Armenian national emblem today.
Ethnic Armenians comprise approximately 97.9% of the population. Yazidis make up 1.3%, and Russians 0.5%. Other minorities include Assyrians, Ukrainians, Greeks, Kurds, Georgians, and Belarusians. There are also smaller communities of Vlachs, Mordvins, Ossetians, Udis, and Tats.