Assam,officially the Kingdom of Assam (Assamese: আহোম ৰাজ্য), is a sovereign state in northeast India, ruled by a Raja.
The current Kingdom is preceded by a long and colourful history. Ancient Hindu texts have mentioned Assam and Manipur, and the texts the Kalika Purana and Yogini Tantra were in fact composed in Assam.
During the 4th century the Kamarupa kingdom was established. Most knowledge of this kingdom is thanks to the edicts on rocks, copper plates, and royal grants, all of which were issued by these kings.
In 1207 Assam was attacked by the Muslims in Bengal, which made the Kamarupa kingdom collapse.
In 1228, a Tai prince, Sukaphaa, came from Mong Mao to the Brahmaputra valley and established the Ahom kingdom there Ahom history comes from the Buranji texts.
In 1662,the Mughals under Mir Jumla,the governor of Bengal invaded Assam and captured the Ahom capital, Garhgaon.But in 1671, thanks to the Assamese navy and the torrential weather, the Mughals lost Assam and the Ahoms expanded westwards.
Following troubles and confusion, the Tungkhungia kings under Gajadhar Singha took over.
The beginning of the period was a golden age, where the arts were given great importance and culture flourished, but towards the end social conflict led to the Moamomia rebellion. However,eventually, the rebels were defeated by the British. In 1826 the kingdom became part of British India under the East India Company.
That all changed in 1857 when the British left India under forced circumstances. Maniram Dewan,an Assamese nobleman and owner of many tea estates, who had also been part of the rebellion, declared himself Raja of Assam and unified most of the northeast under his control.
Today Assam is growing and recovering slowly from the war.