The Commonwealth of Australia, colloquially known as Australia, is a sovereign state located in Oceania. The nation is comprised of the landmasses of Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, and several external territories located in the Pacific Ocean and Southern Ocean.
Prior to being united into a single nation in 1901, Australia was comprised of several British colonies. Beginning in the 1850s, tensions would exist between the colonies and the expanding Russian Empire. Fears of an Anglo-Russian war (and the effects it would cause in the southern Pacific) would result in a sense of colonial unity and general Russophobia (resulting in a continued rivalry between Australia and Alaska).
Beginning in the late 20th Century, support for establishing a republic grew. In a 1999 referendum, the nation voted to formally remove their ties with the British monarchy and officially became a republic on January 1, 2001 (exactly 100 years after federalizing).
The Commonwealth of Australia is a federation currently comprised of seven states and two internal territories. The nation also includes several external territories in the Pacific Ocean and on Antarctica.
- New South Wales (Sydney)
- New Zealand (Wellington)
- Queensland (Brisbane)
- South Australia (Adelaide)
- Tasmania (Hobart)
- Victoria (Melbourne)
- Western Australia (Perth)
- Internal Territories
- External Territories
- Australian Antarctic Territory (Davis Station)
- Coral Sea Islands (Willis Island)
- Heard Island and McDonald Islands (Atlas Cove)
- Nauru (Yaren)
- Norfolk Island (Kingston)
- Pitcairn Islands (Adamstown)
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