A revised version of an alternate timeline by Althistorian 2005,

but with the fateful Milan Conference in 1873 instead, as the Triple Alliance would've existed in 1900.

19th Century


1870-1871: Prussia and his alliance of German states defeat France in the Franco-Prussian War and proceed to take Alsace-Lorraine and unite to form Germany in the Treaty of Kiel.

1873: After German unification is acheived by Prussia, Austria fears that Prussia might try to drag him into a union of all German-speaking peoples as well, and so increases his military development and seeks improved relations with Britain and France. Meanwhile, Italy invites German and Russian leadership to Milan to discuss ways to divide Austro-Hungarian land, although Bismarck is a little reluctant.

1875: The Great Eastern Crisis begins with the Herzegovina Rebellion against the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans.

1876: The April Uprising occurs but is swiftly crushed. However, Serbia and Montenegro soon declare independence from and war on the Ottoman Empire while the Herzegovina Rebellion continues, supported by both of them. Serbia is later pushed back and requests international mediation, leading to a one-month truce to discuss peace terms. Negotiations later break down and the Serbians are pushed back even further. However, Russia calls for an end to the fighting by threatening to intervene on Serbia's side. This disrupts the talks with Italy and Germany regarding Austria, but negotiations resume. A peace settlement is proposed, but is then rejected by the Turks.

1877: On April 24, Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire and invades through Romania and the Caucasus. Romania declares independence and joins the war on Russia's side as well. However, despite the Russian intervention, the Herzegovina Rebellion is finally crushed.

1878: The Ottoman Empire desperately requests peace, but the request is ignored. Other powerful countries pressure Russia and his allies to accept the request, but the Russian army keeps fighting nonetheless. Finally, fighting ends when the British send a battleship to Constantinople to keep the Russians from entering the city. The Treaty of San Stefano confirms the independence of Serbia and of Montenegro. Romania's independence is briefly disputed by Russia, but they come to an agreement over land and the treaty is signed, granting Russia some land in the Caucasus and finally giving Bulgaria independence after over 400 years under Ottoman rule. A few vassal states are also created for the Ottomans. The treaty is ready to be signed, but the Great Powers refuse to grant Bulgaria independence, fearing it could overincrease Russian influence in the Balkans. They make a new Treaty in Berlin, further disrupting the Milan Conference as Bismarck has to return to Berlin to supervise the signing of the new treaty. Bulgaria once again loses its independence and is replaced by two Ottoman vassal states. The vassal states created in the previous treaty are removed, but the rest of the terms remain. Also, Russian gains in the Caucasus are reduced, while Austria is allowed to occupy Bosnia and Britain allowed to occupy the island of Cyprus.

1879: With the Great Eastern Crisis finally over, the Milan Conference resumes with renewed strength, and with the participation of newly independent Serbia, Romania, and Montenegro.


1880: A plan to divide Austria-Hungary along ethnic borders is agreed upon, although Serbia requests the reconsideration of an independent Croatian state.

1881: The terms of the Milan Agreement are finalized, with Serbia agreeing to allow an independent Croatian state, and the attack on Austria-Hungary is scheduled for 1888.

1884: The Berlin Conference lays out the foundations for the Scramble for Africa. Meanwhile, the Treaty of Versailles, signed at the Palace of Versailles in Paris, officially creates the Versailles Pact, a formal military alliance between Britain, France, and Austria-Hungary. This alliance is obviously targeted at Germany and Russia, although Italy is also considered a threat.

1886: Italy, Germany, and Russia sign the Treaty of Florence, creating the Florence Pact and beginning a period of European political and military polarization. They also postpone the attack on Austria-Hungary to 1895.

1887: Serbia, Montenegro, and Romania join the Florence Pact.


1890: The Ottoman Empire agrees to join the Versailles Pact in return for British and Austrian troops leaving Bosnia and Cyprus.

1893: Portugal joins the Versailles Pact due to the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance. The attack on Austria-Hungary is postponed again to 1910.

1895-6: Italy wins the Italo-Ethiopian War with German support. As a result, Germany receives trading rights in what is now Italian East Africa.

1897: Sensing impending war with the US, Spain joins the Versailles Pact for defensive purposes. Thus, the Spanish-American War doesn't happen, although internal conflict continues in Spain.

1899: Sweden-Norway and Denmark agree to join the Florence Pact in return for Finland (including Aland) and Schleswig, respectively. This comes as a surprise to the Versailles Pact, who expected said countries to join them to gain said territories through war. Most of Europe is now fully polarized, as is most of Africa, polarized through most of the European colonies while Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands watch on with worry.

Africa 1900 (Austrian Partition)

Africa in 1900.

20th Century


1904-5: The Russo-Japanese War starts. Germany gives Russia military aid, but doesn't declare war on Japan. The war ends in a stalemate, but although Russia keeps South Sakhalin, the Kwantung Leased Territory is still ceded to Japan as in OTL.

1905: Norway separates from the union with Sweden on the conditions that they keep close relations and that Norway should join the Florence Pact. Economic cooperation is also strengthened.

1905-6: The First Moroccan Crisis pushes Europe close to war, which is narrowly avoided, but tensions keep flaring up.

1908: Bulgaria declares independence from the Ottoman Empire. The move triggers war scares and Europe is pushed to the brink of war once again. The crisis is soon resolved with Bulgaria agreeing to join the Versailles Pact. However, secret meetings are set up with German and Russian diplomats to discuss Bulgaria betraying the Versailles Pact. The same year, Greece joins the Florence Pact, completing Europe's polarization.


1910: The attack on Austria-Hungary is finally initiated, starting World War 1. Bulgaria immediately declares war on the rest of the Versailles Pact and joins the Florence Pact. Morocco also considers joining the war on the side of the Florence Pact while Japan considers joining the war on the side of the Versailles Pact. According to previously discussed plans, Austria is attacked from all sides simultaneously, immediately collapsing his army. The Ottoman Empire is then attacked from all sides in the Balkans, causing the Ottoman army to retreat to Constantinople, which then falls under siege, as Russian warships surround it. Russian troops also enter the Caucasus, but are eventually slowed down to a stalemate. Finally, German and Italian troops flood across the Franco-German and Franco-Italian borders, almost collapsing the French defense, if not for British and Spanish support. Meanwhile, Portugal undergoes a revolution, but the new Portuguese Republic stays in the war on the Versailles Pact's side. Overall, 1910 is a year of crushing defeat for the Versailles Pact. Morale is low and it seems the Florence Pact will have a swift victory. Despite all this, the German and Italian African colonies are easily occupied by the Versailles Pact.

1911: Spain, hoping to raise morale and increase national unity, invades Morocco with French support. France allows Spain to annex Morocco, seeing as he already has plenty of colonies himself. With all of Africa under Versailles control, the Versailles Pact send all of their troops in Africa to Ottoman Libya and French Tunisia. The plan is to cross the Mediterranean and swiftly knock Italy out of the war as fast as possible. However, back in Europe, the Western and Southern Fronts are in a stalemate. In the Balkans, the Siege of Constantinople intensifies, with more artillery and cannons bombarding the city day and night. Then, Kurds and Arabs revolt. The Kingdom of Arabia joins the war on the side of the Florence Pact. Russian troops land all over the Anatolian coast. Constantinople finally collapses, and the Ottoman Empire falls from all sides. Seeing no hope for their Ottoman allies, the British occupy Ottoman Libya and reoccupy Cyprus. The Florence Pact now plans to invade the British Isles.

1912: Versailles troops land in Sicily, and Italian troops are rushed down south to defend their homeland. French troops are pulled from the Western Front to pursue them, as occupying territory requires manpower, but this ends up opening the door for German troops to break the stalemate and rush to Paris. The French government is captured, but they beg the Germans to at least not tear down the Eiffel Tower. The Kaiser accepts their request, but then he visits the Eiffel Tower to plant a German flag there personally as a symbol of victory of France. Morale is boosted, and the Florence Pact proceeds to invade Spain. Meanwhile, Russian and Balkan troops reinforce Italian troops in taking back Sicily, and once news of France's surrender arrives, the Versailles army there surrenders to Florencian troops. Finally, with most of the Ottoman Empire's former territory occupied by Florencian troops, Egypt is invaded.

1913: Spain and Portugal are easily defeated while their governments flee into exile. Britain is essentially the last Versailles Pact member still fighting, with all his allies reduced to their own colonies. Without a miracle, it seems Britain will have to sue for peace.

1914: The British Royal Navy is finally defeated. With Brittania no longer ruling the waves, the Florence Pact amasses a large portion of their land and naval forces to invade the British Isles. Finally, German troops march into London, while the British government and royal family flee into exile in Canada. After this horrible, crushing defeat against all odds, the Versailles Pact announces their surrender.

1915: A peace conference is held in Berlin.

Berlin Peace Conference

Treaty of Potsdam
  1. Austria will cede Romanian ethnic lands to Romania.
  2. Austria will cede Serbian ethnic lands to Serbia.
  3. Austria will release Slovenian, Bosniak, and Croatian ethnic lands together as Croatia.
  4. Austria will cede Italian ethnic lands to Italy.
  5. Hungarian ethnic lands will gain independence as Hungary.
  6. Czech and Slovak ethnic lands will gain independence together as Czechoslovakia.
  7. Galicia, consisting of Polish and Ukrainian ethnic lands, will be ceded to Russia.
  8. The remaining German ethnic lands will be integrated into Germany as the German state of Austria.
Treaty of Weimar
  1. The Ottoman Empire cedes Armenian ethnic lands to Russia.
  2. Kurdish ethnic lands gain independence as Kurdistan.
  3. Arab ethnic lands within the Ottoman Empire are ceded to Arabia.
  4. Bulgaria gains independence, encompassing most Bulgarian ethnic lands.
  5. Greece gains Greek ethnic lands and all the Aegean islands.
  6. Serbia annexes Montenegro and other Serbian ethnic lands, including Serbian ethnic lands in Bosnia.
  7. Albanian ethnic lands gain independence as Albania.
  8. The remaining Ottoman territory in the Balkans, excluding Constantinople and the area around it, is split between Serbia and Bulgaria.
  9. Ottoman Libya is ceded to Italy.
  10. The area around Constantinople will be ceded to Bulgaria, but not the city itself.
  11. Smyrna and some other areas will be ceded to Greece.
  12. The remaining territory of the Ottoman Empire will become a puppet of Arabia as the Turkish Sultanate.
  13. The Turkish Sultanate shall pay reparations.
Treaty of Regensburg
  1. Italy gains French Somaliland, French Madagascar, and French Equatorial Africa, while Morocco gains French Algeria, but other than that, most French colonies are ceded to Germany, including French colonies in Asia.
  2. The border between Italian Libya and Morocco's Algerian territory is adjusted.
  3. France cedes some border territories to Germany and Italy. Italy also gains Corsica.
  4. France has to reduce his army size and pay war reparations. Also, a large part of northern France, up to Paris and the River Marne, is to be demilitarized after German occupation until 1925.
  5. France has to pay massive war reparations.
Treaty of Erfurt
  1. Britain's Arabian colonies are ceded to Arabia.
  2. British Somaliland, the Gambia and Gold Coast colonies, and Sierra Leone are ceded to Italy.
  3. Canada, Australia, and New Zealand gain independence.
  4. All other British colonies, including Britain's Asian colonies and British Egypt, are ceded to Germany.
  5. The borders between Italy and Germany's new African colonies are adjusted.
  6. The Shetland and Orkney islands are ceded to Denmark.
  7. 75% of Britain's warships are to be confiscated and eventually integrated into the German navy.
  8. 50% of Britain's warplanes to be confiscated and eventually integrated into the German air force.
  9. 65% of Britain's army equipment is to be confiscated and eventually integrated into the German army.
  10. Britain must pay massive war reparations.
  11. Ireland will gain independence.
  12. The global standard trade currency will be switched from the British pound to the German mark.
Treaty of Heidelburg
  1. Spanish Equatorial Africa will be ceded to Germany.
  2. All remaining Spanish colonies will be ceded to Morocco.
  3. The Spanish region of Galicia will be ceded to Portugal.
  4. The Balearic Islands will be ceded to Italy.
  5. Most of Portugal's colonies, including Macau, will be ceded to Germany, but Portuguese East Africa will be ceded to Italy.
  6. Spain and Portugal will pay war reparations.
  7. The Florence and Versailles Pacts will both be disbanded.

1916: With all the treaties signed, a post-war calm sets in, setting the stage for an economic boom. Meanwhile, an election is held in France in place of the 1914 elections, which would have been held were it not for the French defeat in World War 1.

1917: Despite the victory in the First World War, sub-poverty living standards still anger the Russian people, who then overthrow the Tsar in a revolution. However, unlike in OTL, the communist Bolsheviks aren't the leaders of the revolution, but rather a democratic movement which then establishes the Russian Republic. Meanwhile, some Turkish nationalists, unsatisfied with the Treaty of Weimar, launch a revolution against the now-puppeted Sultanate government, creating the Republic of Turkey and changing the capital to Ankara.

1918: The Bolsheviks attempt to overthrow the new Russian Republic but are stopped. Most of them are executed, including their leader, Vladimir Lenin. However, some of them flee into exile and abandon communism. Meanwhile, due to the British defeat in World War 1, the Liberals lose big to the Conservatives in the 1918 elections. Also, Russian influence is removed from Manchuria.

1919: After some crisis management and German mediation, the Treaty of Bern is signed, removing Arabian influence over Turkey and ceding Smyrna and the area around Constantinople back to Turkey. However, most terms of the Treaty of Weimar remain intact. Also, Turkey no longer has to pay reparations, and Constantinople is renamed Istanbul. Meanwhile, Finland gains independence from Sweden but Sweden keeps Aland. And finally, a border dispute breaks out between Greece and Albania regarding northern Epirus.


1922: An election is held in the UK in which the Liberals lose even more seats. However, the Labour Party emerges as a second party, replacing the Liberal Party. Meanwhile, Italian political activist Benito Mussolini marches on Rome, the Italian capital, with his Blackshirts to force King Vittorio Emmanuel III to make him the Italian prime minister. He succeeds and establishes a new ideology named "fascism", named after the term "fasces", meaning an axe bound within several wooden sticks with its blade sticking out, a symbol of dictatorial government. However, he maintains equal rights and privileges for all Italian citizens.

1923: The Corfu Crisis starts on August 27 with the murder of Italian general Tellini, sent to inspect and resolve the northern Epirus dispute between Albania and Greece. Due to the absence of the League of Nations in this ATL, the Balkan War breaks out shortly after. Albania immediately allies with Italy against Greece (due to the border dispute), while Germany and Russia declare neutrality. Meanwhile, after the British prime minister falls ill and resigns, the new prime minister calls another election. However, the Labour Party ends up making a significant gain at the expense of both the Conservative and Liberal Parties, but mostly the Conservatives, as the Liberals have little to no votes by now.

1924: Turkey joins the war on Italy's side while Serbia and Bulgaria join the war on Greece's side for defensive reasons. A large Italo-Albanian offensive is launched into northwestern Greece in coordination with a Turkish naval offensive in the Aegean Sea. Meanwhile, Bulgarian forces siege Istanbul once again while Serbian forces invade northern Albania, planning to secure the Adriatic coast and flank the Albanian troops inside Greece. Meanwhile, back in the UK, Conservative votes rise again at the expense of the Labour Party. However, the Liberals gain a little public sympathy when people begin blaming homosexuals for the British defeat in World War 1 instead of them.

1925: Croatia launches a surprise attack on Serbia, causing Serbia to pull back from attacking Tirana. A scorched-earth policy is planned, but is abandoned when Albanian troops do not pursue them to reoccupy the land, as they are busy fighting against Greek troops, who are rapidly retreating further and further south. Meanwhile, as the Turkish navy advances through the Aegean Sea along with the Italian navy, Istanbul falls for the second time in 20 years. A Bulgarian invasion of western Anatolia is then planned.

1926: The Turkish army lands nearby Athens and moves towards the city. With Italo-Albanian coalition troops moving south and Turkish troops at the gates of Athens, Greece surrenders. The Italo-Albanian coalition troops immediately return north to reoccupy northern Albania and attack Serbia in tandem with Croatia. Then, the Bulgarian invasion of western Anatolia fails after initial success.

1927: Serbia surrenders once Croatian troops occupy Belgrade. Finally, Bulgaria requests an armistice.

1928: The Treaty of Corfu is signed:

  1. All the Aegean islands are ceded to Turkey.
  2. Bulgaria annexes Istanbul and the area around it.
  3. Croatia gains all of Bosnia.
  4. Albania annexes the Kosovo region.
  5. Greece is forced to acknowledge that Tellini's death was at the hands of Greek citizens, and is thus obliged to pay compensation to Italy, investigate the murder (with Italy's help), and to punish the culprits.
  6. Greece must abandon all claims to northern Epirus.
  7. Serbia and Greece have to pay war reparations.

Meanwhile, Oswald Mosley, a famous far-right Conservative MP, convinces the Conservative Party to make him the party leader, claiming he can lead the country back to glory. The Conservative Party is then renamed the British National Party, taking on a more nationalist stance and increasing their popularity. Despite Mussolini's Fascism supporting equal rights for all, the BNP is termed "fascist" as well.

1929: The American stock exchange in New York crashes, causing a global economic recession, which affects Britain and France the most, as they are still burdened with the massive war reparations from World War 1. In Britain, the Conservatives win the elections again, but now Mosley decides to adopt a "revenge" policy towards Germany and the former Florence Pact, increasing military spending significantly. He also persecutes homosexuals since the public blames them for the British defeat in World War 1, and changes the flag.

Flag of a Fascist United Kingdom in Hearts of Iron 4 by tobusblastius

The new flag of the United Kingdom, consisting of the existing British national flag and the emblem of the British National Party.


1931: Japan, deeply affected by the global economic recession now known as the Great Depression, sabotages their own railway in Manchuria, blaming it on Chinese troops. This gives them a reason to invade Manchuria for natural resources. Meanwhile, Spain undergoes a revolution which deposes King Alfonso XIII. However, the new Second Spanish Republic created by the revolutionaries supports the former Florence Pact, causing considerable public discontent.

1932: Marshal Philippe Petain, a 76-year-old World War 1 veteran, takes power through a series of strange and unexpected events which somehow culminate in him ending up as the prime minister of France. He immediately blames homosexuals for the French defeat in World War 1 and persecutes them. His policies are also termed fascism, despite Mussolini's continuous clarification.

1933: Franklin Delano Roosevelt is elected President of the United States. He immediately begins trying to alleviate the Great Depression through new economic policies, nicknamed the New Deal.

1934: Mussolini and Mosley decide to test their armies out with invasions of Liberia and Ireland respectively. This causes considerable international tension, but while Liberia easily falls, Ireland resists a while longer.

1935: The British invasion of Ireland ends with Dublin in ruins, and the British flag flying high above it. Meanwhile, with the international community in chaos, Petain remilitarizes northern France. Also, Mussolini is persuaded by Mosley to gradually begin persecuting homosexuals.

1936: The Spanish Civil War starts between the Republican government and the Nationalist (also Fascist) rebels. French and Italian supplies immediately start flooding into Nationalist camps.

1937: Japanese troops launch another invasion of China, this time sparking all-out war. Meanwhile, Francophobia and Anglophobia grow in Germany even though the mostly conservative German populace agree with the French (and British) persecutions against homosexuals.

1938: Petain purchases pre-World War 1 French territories back from Italy. He also lays claim to the French-speaking regions of Belgium and Switzerland while Mussolini lays claim to the Italian-speaking regions of Switzerland. Germany is invited to partition Switzerland with them, but the Kaiser announces that he will guarantee Swiss neutrality and sovereignty. Meanwhile, the Fascist-Nationalists, led by General Francisco Franco, win the Spanish Civil War with Franco-Italian support and are now deeply in debt to them.

1939: Belgium is split between France and the Netherlands, with the Belgian Congo being ceded to the Netherlands, but Switzerland fails to retain his neutrality as tensions grow between the Fascists and Monarchists, pushing the world close to war while Petain, Mosley, and Mussolini sign the Axis Pact.


1940: French troops storm the Swiss capital of Bern, causing Germany and Russia to declare war and starting World War 2. After Axis troops bulldoze Switzerland against all odds, they proceed to immobilize the German army with tactics German newspapers term blitzkreig. The German army flees into Russia, but the Kaiser is captured. Nonetheless, Crown Prince Wilhelm escapes and is crowned Kaiser after his father's execution.

1941: With Germany defeated, the Axis divide German colonies in Africa. Basically, Britain, France, Spain, and Portugal get most of their African colonies back. Italy also gains most of the remaining German colonies and some pre-1915 British and French colonies (including all their former South American colonies), while all the Asian colonies are left for Japan, who then joins the Axis Pact in return. The Netherlands also signs a non-aggression pact with the entire Axis Pact, but in return for the Dutch East Indies being ceded to Japan and Dutch Guiana being ceded to Italy as part of Italian Guiana. Japanese troops quickly move in to occupy the German colonies and the Dutch East Indies. The Russians manage to regroup in this year, but the Axis is planning to attack come spring. The global exchange currency is also switched to the French franc.

1942: As snow and ice begin to thaw all over Russia, Axis tanks steamroll the beautiful spring landscape. As if nothing could get worse, the Japanese invade Siberia on request of the European Axis. The Russians stretch their supply lines and armies to the limit, but the overstretching is a mistake either way. With the Russians defeated as well, the Axis turn their sights to the Balkans and Scandinavia while Japan prepares an attack on Pearl Harbor, the heart of the American Pacific Fleet.

1943: On 14 February, Japanese planes bomb Pearl Harbor and the aircraft carriers stationed there, along with all the fuel storages and repair docks (French advisors helped in planning the attack in this ATL). Meanwhile on the same day, Japanese troops land all over the Philippines, taking them over in a few months.

Later in the year, the Treaty of Paris is signed:

  • Switzerland will be divided between France, Italy, and Germany.
  • A German puppet government will be set up under Gefreiter (Lance Corporal) Adolf Hitler.
  • Alsace-Lorraine and other French ethnic lands will be returned to France.
  • Poland will be created from Polish ethnic lands as a French puppet state.
  • Estonian, Latvian, and Lithuanian ethnic lands are released as Livonia, another French puppet.
  • Romanian ethnic lands are ceded to Romania, even though Romania is not fascist.
  • Ukrainian and Belarussian ethnic lands are released as Ukraine and Belarus, respectively. Both countries are released as French puppets.
  • The entire Caucasus region is released as Caucasia, a French puppet.
  • All Russian territory beyond the Urals is ceded to Japan.
  • The remaining Russian territory in Europe becomes a French puppet state.
  • Britain and Italy are allowed spheres of influence in Scandinavia and the Balkans, respectively.

1944: With the Treaty of Paris signed and the United States immobilized, the Axis prepare for a two-front invasion of the USA. The European Axis postpone their plans to invade Scandinavia and the Balkans. Meanwhile, Sweden takes a big risk by legalising homosexuality but the lack of an Axis invasion encourages Norway and Finland to legalise homosexuality as well (although they don't) since it looks like opposition to the Axis can succeed with non-military methods. Also, Iceland gains independence from Denmark.

1945: The first Japanese beachhead is established in California. Seeing a golden opportunity to reclaim his former territory, Mexico invades the Mexican Cession after agreeing to go fascist. French and British troops soon begin arriving in Florida. Cuba and Puerto Rico are also captured while American troops are called back from various Latin American countries to fight the Axis. Meanwhile, President Roosevelt dies and is replaced by his Vice President, Harry S. Truman. Needless to say, Roosevelt's death destroys American morale.

1946: The US surrenders. Canada is then threatened with invasion, but immediately submits to the authority of the UK, preventing the need for bloodshed.

The Treaty of Washington is then signed:

  • The Mexican Cession is returned to Mexico.
  • The states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho are ceded to Japan as Japanese America.
  • All Pacific islands are ceded to Japan.
  • All Caribbean islands are ceded to Mexico, except Italian Jamaica.
  • Latin America (except Italian Guiana and Italian Honduras) is designated a Mexican sphere of influence.
  • The former 13 colonies and the state of Florida (Basically the entire Eastern Seaboard) is ceded to the UK as the Eastern States of America, a British puppet.
  • Alaska is ceded to the UK as part of Canada.
  • All remaining American territory is ceded to France as the French States of America, a French puppet.

The partition of the USA after World War 2.

1947: The war has ended, but the Axis is simply resting and just waiting to attack again. However, Franco and Salazar, the leaders of Spain and Portugal respectively, complain to Petain that their countries didn't gain anything from the war even though they are fascist too. So Petain promises them the Middle East, since most of the rest of Asia is already within the Japanese sphere of influence, but tells them that they have to participate in the next war to get their own spheres of influence.


1951: Petain dies and is succeeded by Pierre Laval.

1952: Franco and Salazar request Laval to revise the planned Spanish and Portuguese spheres of influence to include parts of Latin America which are currently part of the Mexican sphere of influence, and Laval directs them to directly ask the president of Mexico.

1955: After 3 years of negotiations, the Treaty of Veracruz is signed:

  • Brazil and Uruguay will be transferred from the planned Mexican sphere of influence to the planned Portuguese sphere of influence.
  • Argentina and Chile will be transferred from the planned Mexican sphere of influence to the planned Spanish sphere of influence.

1958: Japan leaves the Axis, but agrees to maintain good relations with them. Meanwhile, Mongolia and Thailand decide to ally with Japan. Also, the ESA is given more freedom from the UK to prevent another American War of Independence.


1960: The Axis finally decide to make a move, sparking World War 3. Denmark and Iceland are easily overcome, but the Finnmark Plateau and Finnish ski troops make even Axis military strength mostly useless. In Latin America, Mexican troops speed straight down Mesoamerica, all the way to the Panama Canal, which is quickly taken. However, the real problem arises when Colombian troops, with reinforcements from all of South America, manage to halt the Mexican advance. Meanwhile in the Balkans, Italian forces invade from the west and French forces pour in from the east, crushing all defenses and capturing most of the vast peninsula within the year. However, southern Greece proves to be quite challenging for the Franco-Italian troops. Also, Czechoslovakia and Hungary manage to avoid war by agreeing to become French puppets.

1961: Spain and Portugal enter the war, launching surprise naval invasions of Brazil and Argentina. Without reinforcements from Brazil or Argentina, Colombian lines crack and Mexican troops pour into Colombian territory. Within two months, the Mexican flag flies high above Bogota, which is actually only lightly damaged. Within the year, Spanish, Portuguese, and Mexican troops defeat the various armies of South America, albeit with some Anglo-French support. Meanwhile, back in Europe, Greece is defeated, but up in Scandinavia, Axis forces are still facing the same problems in Finland as the Soviets did in the Winter War in OTL.

1962: A naval invasion of Norway is undertaken, opening up a whole new front. Axis troops immediately storm the Norwegian lines and capture Oslo. Very soon, Helsinki and Stockholm fall to Axis forces, ending World War 3. Then, Franco and Salazar complain about not having invaded the Middle East even though Petain and Laval both promised them the area as part of their spheres of influence.

1963: Despite Spanish and Portuguese complaints about the Middle East, the Treaty of Ottawa is signed:

  • All the Central American countries are merged into the Central American Republic, a Mexican puppet.
  • Brazil annexes Uruguay and becomes a Portuguese puppet.
  • Argentina annexes Chile and becomes a Spanish puppet.
  • Colombia annexes Venezuela and Ecuador and becomes Gran Colombia, a Mexican puppet.
  • Bolivia annexes Peru and Paraguay and becomes a Mexican puppet.

After that, the Treaty of St. Petersburg is signed:

  • Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, and Iceland are merged into the Nordic Union, a British puppet.
  • Greenland is ceded to Canada.
  • Albania is directly annexed by Italy.
  • Croatia, Serbia, Greece, Bulgaria, and Romania are ceded to Italy as Balkania, an Italian puppet.

By the end of World War 3, the only truly independent countries in the world are in the Middle East. Plans are made for a war in the Middle East, including specialised desert terrain equipment.

1964: In the wake of the end of World War 3, a joint Anglo-French space mission lands astronauts on the moon. The event is celebrated all over the world as millions watch the event on television.

1967: The last homosexual is finally killed in a French concentration camp. The death of this person is celebrated throughout territories controlled by the Axis Powers.

1968: Salazar is removed from power after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage but survives another two years. Meanwhile, scientists in the ESA develop a communication system called ARPAnet, later renamed Internet.


1970: Mussolini, Laval, and Salazar all die in the same year, sparking conspiracy theories about an "ongoing" plot to destroy the Axis Pact by assassinating all its leaders.

1974: A coup occurs in Portugal, causing Brazil and all the Portuguese colonies to gain independence.

1976: Franco dies after restoring the Spanish monarchy the previous year. This fuels the conspiracy theories even further, with some theorists saying conspirators forged Franco's signature, some saying Franco was a fake fascist who deliberately launched a fascist rebellion just so he could enjoy absolute power within his country, receive French aid, and then restore the monarchy as a constitutional one right before committing suicide in a way that looks like a natural death so that his successor wouldn't have the same amount of power as him, and some saying Franco himself didn't even exist and was a series of different similar-looking people. Fortunately for his reputation, these theorists are a minuscule minority.

1977: The new king of Spain frees all the Spanish colonies, creating fears that decades of fascist progress could be undone just like that.

1979: Oswald Mosley dies of old age, causing the British National Party to suffer a period of weakness, which opposition parties like the Liberals and Labours exploit. They run strong campaigns in that years election promoting change and freedom. Voters, tired of all the old-fashioned government, vote en masse for the opposition parties and elect James Callaghan as the new prime minister. His first act as prime minister is to free all British puppets and colonies. Fascists in France and Italy fear they may be next, and establish long lines of succession to make sure their leaders have successors.


1981: Adolf Hitler dies of old age, weakening the German puppet state.

1982: In the Mexican elections, Miguel de la Madrid is elected the new president of Mexico and proceeds to dismantle the Mexican bloc. By now, France, Italy, Japan, and their spheres of influence are all that remain of the Axis and of fascism.

1983: Laval's successor decides to stop delaying the attack on the Middle East and reassigns the area into the Italian sphere of influence. A surprise attack is launched against Turkey and Persia, which get attacked from both sides. However, although they fall by the end of the year, Arabia is mobilised by then and manages a stalemate, although some land in the northeast is occupied.

1984: For the first time in 44 years, Axis troops are actually pushed back. Kurdish rebels declare independence, but the Arabian government agrees to recognise them. The Arabian army successfully pushes Axis troops out of the Middle East, causing Japan to pull out of the war.

1985: Just as Arab troops are about to advance into Caucasia, something unexpected happens. Mass rebellion occurs against the French and the Italians. Balkania's puppet government is overthrown and replaced by a Council of Ethnicities. French troops barely manage to suppress the rebellions in Russia and other French puppets, but Caucasia successfully declares independence.

1986: Russia and Ukraine gain independence from France while Balkan troops march into Rome and Budapest. Czechoslovakia breaks away from French rule as well, followed by Poland and Germany.

1987: Finally, after 55 years, France is defeated. Fascism has fallen all over Europe, but in East Asia, Japan keeps an iron grip on rebels. Nonetheless, Europe is now free, but at least homosexuals have been eliminated. Before Rome and Paris fell, the Italian and French governments burnt all documents about homosexuality, making all information about it lost to the world.

1988: The Treaty of Hamburg is signed:

  • All French and Italian puppet states gain independence.
  • The FSA joins the ESA to reform the USA.
  • The French and Italian fascist governments will be disbanded and the leaders imprisoned for life.
  • The new democratic governments of France and Italy will pay massive reparations.
  • The new global exchange currency will be the Arabian riyal.
  • Kurdistan gains independence from Turkey, Persia, and Arabia.

The signing of this treaty marks the end of fascism in Europe and in North America, but not in Asia.

1989: Emperor Hirohito of Japan dies and is succeeded by his son, Akihito. Emperor Akihito immediately initiates a process of freeing all Japanese puppet states across East Asia. However, he announces that Siberia will remain Japanese territory, along with Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands.


1991: The Internet receives massive funding from Japanese and Arabian banks, launching a global economic boom which improves Japanese efforts to free East Asia.

1992: Japanese America is sold to the USA.

1996: In just 7 years, Emperor Akihito manages to free all of East Asia without causing them to become impoverished areas. Instead, all former Japanese puppet states grow and prosper with Japanese loans, of which they only have to pay back interest as Akihito says that he's just returning what his father stole from them. Also, the World Trade Organisation (WTO) is set up to encourage more international free trade.

21st Century

After Emperor Akihito releases the Japanese puppet states, East Asia quickly becomes the most economically developed area on the planet. Through the Internet and the WTO, the East Asian Economic Miracle causes the Japanese yen to replace the Arabian riyal as the global exchange currency in matter of years.

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