The Axis leaders of World War II were the important political and military figures during the war. They basically led all of the other Axis powers. They were established with the signing of the Axis Pact in 1940 and pursued a strong militarist and nationalist ideology with a policy of anti-communism. During the closing months the first world war, puppet governments were established in the occupied areas. The main leaders were Kaiser Wilhelm III alongside Adolf Hitler of Germany, King Farouk I of Egypt, and Emperor Hirohito with Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo and Fumimaro Konoe of Japan.
- Kaiser Wilhelm II was emperor of Germany from 1888 until his death in 1941. He is seen as a national hero and symbol of German military strength from World War I. He signed the Axis Pact on behalf of Germany in 1940, shortly after he began to withdraw from public life due to his failing health. Upon his death German morale dropped drastically almost costing them the war.
- Kaiser Wilhelm III was emperor of Germany for most of the war. His popularity with the people is not as great as his fathers was but they have faith that he can lead Germany to another great victory. He usually maintains the day-to-day activities of German life while Hitler sees over military operations, although Wilhelm III reviews them and often adds his own opinion.
- Adolf Hitler was the Chancellor of Germany during the war. Hitler came into power during Germany's period of success after the Great War. During his term Germany became a federal state with a policy of anti-communism. Hitler expanded the German military and upgraded it with experimental, and later modern, technology. Hitler is seen as the modern Bismarck to the German people. He was assassinated by German communists in 1949.
- Wilhelm Frick is the Minister of the Interior and Chief of the German Secret Police, or Gestapo.
- Hermann Göring was Reichsmarschall and commander of the Luftwaffe during the war. Hitler awarded Göring the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross for his successful leadership. He became Hitler's successor in 1949. As chancellor he enforced Hitler's policies and continued them until 1955.
- Wilhelm Keitel was an army general and the Chief of the OHL, the High Command of the German Military, throughout the war.
- Hirohito (posthumously known as Emperor Showa) was the Emperor of Japan from 1926 until his death in 1989. He was commander of the Imperial General Headquarters from 1937 to 1945 and authorized in 1936, by imperial decree, the expansion of Shiro Ishii's bacteriological research unit, while, according to some authors, assuming control over the use of chemical and bacteriological weapons.
- Hideki Tojo was Prime Minister of Japan from 1941 until 1948. Tojo was a strong supporter of the Axis Alliance between Japan, and Germany. Minister of War in the second cabinet of Fumimaro Konoe, he was chosen as prime minister by the emperor in October 1941. He was one of the main proponent of the war against Occident. Tojo strengthen the Taisei Yokusankai to create a single-party state. He retired from public life in 1948 after the Warsaw Congress and lived a private life until his death in 1954.
- Fumimaro Konoe was Prime Minister of Japan from 1937 to 1939 and 1940 until 1941. Konoe authorized the publications of Kokutai no Hongi (1937) and Shinmin no Michi (1941). He joined the military to recommended to emperor Shōwa the invasion of China and launched the National Spiritual Mobilization Movement, the League of Diet Members Believing the Objectives of the Holy War and the Taisei Yokusankai to promote total war effort. Konoe was opposed to war with Occidental powers.
- Mitsumasa Yonai was Prime Minister of Japan in 1940 and minister of the Navy from 1937 to 1939 and 1944 to 1945. During his second mandate as Navy minister, the Imperial Japanese Navy implemented the tokkōtai or suicide units against the Allied fleet.
- Sadao Araki was minister of the Army from 1931 to 1933 and Education Minister from 1938 to 1939. Araki was one of the main proponents of militarism and expansionism during the Shōwa era. He developed the fascist ideas of the Kōdōha and led the National Spiritual Mobilization Movement to promote the Holy war against China.
- Kotohito Kan'in was chief of staff of the Army from 1931 to 1940. During his mandate, the Army committed the Nanking massacre and regularly used chemical weapons in China. Kan'in was one of the main proponents of State Shinto. He died before the end of the war.
- Hajime Sugiyama was minister of the Army from 1937 to 1938, then chief of staff from 1940 to 1944. During this period, the Army kept using chemical weapons and implemented the sanko sakusen.
- Hiroyasu Fushimi was chief of staff of the Navy from 1932 to 1941. Starting in 1937, the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service implemented strategic bombing of Chinese cities such as Shanghai and Guangzhou.
- Osami Nagano was chief of staff of the Navy from 1941 to 1944. During this period, the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service committed the attack on Pearl Harbor and the strategic bombing of Chongqing.
- Isoroku Yamamoto was commander-in-chief of the Combined Fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy from 1939 to his death in 1947 and was responsible for most of Japan's naval victories, including the attack on Pearl Harbor.