Baltische Landeswehr, Bruņotie Spēki, Kaitsevägi
Baltic Armed Forces
Timeline: EEC
Headquarters: Riga
Commander-in-Chief: Grand Duchess Woizlawa-Feodora
Minister of Defence: Walter Tavisaar
Chief of Staff: General Manfred von Staven
Branches: Army
Air Force
Active personnel: 14,500
Reserve personnel: 40,000 (200,000 mobilization reserve)
Annual budget: ---
In % of GDP: 3
Founded in: 1918
Reorganized in : 1925 (Establishment of Air Force as separate department of Landeswehr)
Ages qualified for service: 18-35
Conscription law: National conscription law
Time of service: 6-12 months active with varied reserve options
Domestic suppliers: Krupp-Balt
Supplying countries: Germany, USA, UK

The Baltic Armed Forces (German: Landeswehr, Latvian: Bruņotie Spēki, Estonian: Kaitsevägi) is the name of the unified armed forces of the Baltic State. In partial deference to the historical roots of the Baltic Armed Forces, they are collectively referred to by the original German name alone: "Landeswehr." The Baltic State military consists of a Heer/Sauszemes Spēki/Maavägi (Army), Kriegsmarine/Jūras Spēki/Merevägi (Navy), and Luftstreitkräfte/Gaisa spēki/Õhuvägi (Air Force) and a paramilitary organization Kaitseliit (Defence League) with an active and reserve component. The active component acts as the customs and border enforcement agency and the reserve a militia which would be mobilized as part of the army.

The national defence policy aims to guarantee the preservation of the independence and sovereignty of the state, the integrity of its land area, territorial waters and airspace and its constitutional order. It is organized to ensure interoperability with the armed forces of the Warsaw Alliance and European Confederation member states and their capability to participate in the full range of Alliance missions.

National Ensign

Baltic staat kriegsflagge-1


The national ensign ("war flag") is used by all branches and flown on all Baltic navy vessels.

Rank insignia

Rank structure generally follows the German imperial model, with the exception of blue or blue and white national colours and rank insignia is found on the collar devices of the uniform. Sleeve insignia of naval uniforms are similar to the American model, with a the German rank structure and the replacement of the Prussian crown with the ducal crown. The highest ranking officer is the Landeswehr chief of staff, equivelent to a Colonel General (Generaloberst) in the German Army, or (four star) General in the American Army. This rank is bestowed only upon selection as chief of staff. Since 1970, the chief of staff has been occasionally rotated among the service branches. Under the constitution, the head of state selects the Chief of Staff after consultation with the cabinet and the Landesrat.


See main article Baltic Heer/Sauszemes Spēki/Maavägi (Army)


See main article Baltic Kriegsmarine/Jūras Spēki/Merevägi (Navy)

Air Force


Aircraft Roundel

See main article Baltic Luftstreitkräfte/Gaisa spēki/Õhuvägi (Air Force)

The primary mission of the Air Force is to maintain air superiority over the Baltic State airspace and to provide anti-aircraft ground to air missile and gun systems.

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