Barbary Crusade
Part of Crusades in Northern Africa
1024px-YagbeaSionBattlingAdaSultan.jpg
Muslim and Crusader forces at the Battle of Gergis
Date May 1424 - March 1435
Location Ifriqiya
Result Pact of Tunis Victory
Belligerents
Ottoman Caliphate Flag.png Hafsid Caliphate

Flag of Libya (1977–2011).svg Béjaïa Emirate
Flag of the Republic of the Rif.svg Wattasid Kingdom
Flag of the Kingdom of Tlemcen 1338-1488.png Kingdom of Tlemcen
Mamluk Flag.png Nasr Sultanate
Flag Mali Empire (Fictional).png Mali Empire
Banu Sulaym
Various Bedoin tribes

Flag Tripolitania V2.png Kingdom of Tripolitania

Catholic brabant symbol(v3).png Order of Bari
Flag of Crown of Aragon.png Empire of Hispania
Shield of the Latin Empire of Constantinople.png Latin Empire
Flag of the Papal States (pre 1808).svg Papal States
French Royal Arms MdM.png Kingdom of France (until 1425)
Flag of Arles (The Kalmar Union).svg.png Kingdom of Arles (since 1430)
Heiliges Römisches Reich - Reichssturmfahne vor 1433.svg Holy Roman Empire (since 1431)
Royal Banner of Scotland.svg Kingdom of Scotland (since 1431)
Early Swiss cross.svg Swiss Confederacy (since 1432)
E2EC334B-596B-4FA2-8EFA-185461A68A9F.jpeg Kingdom of Iceland (since 1433)
Cyprus 1159.svg Cyprus (since 1434)

Commanders and leaders
Ottoman Caliphate Flag.png Caliph Abu al-Aziz II

Ottoman Caliphate Flag.png General Malik Al-Najm
Flag of Libya (1977–2011).svg Sultan Adnaan al-Aziz
Flag of Libya (1977–2011).svg Sultan Mehmet II
Flag of the Republic of the Rif.svg Sultan Abu
Flag of the Republic of the Rif.svg General Berrada
Flag of the Kingdom of Tlemcen 1338-1488.png Sultan Abu Abdallah II
Flag of the Kingdom of Tlemcen 1338-1488.png Sultan Abu Abbas Ahmad I
Mamluk Flag.png Sultan Abu Muslim
Mamluk Flag.png Sultan Mahmud ibn Muslim
Flag Mali Empire (Fictional).png Emperor Musa II
Flag Mali Empire (Fictional).png Emperor Mohammed II

Flag Tripolitania V2.png King Sigismund †

Catholic brabant symbol(v3).png Headmaster Philippe
Flag of Crown of Aragon.png King Francis III
Flag of Crown of Aragon.png Commander Dante de Catania
Flag of Crown of Aragon.png Commander Juan de Roses
Shield of the Latin Empire of Constantinople.png Emperor Marcus
Flag of the Papal States (pre 1808).svg Pope Martin V
Flag of the Papal States (pre 1808).svg Pope Victor V
French Royal Arms MdM.png King William I
Flag of Arles (The Kalmar Union).svg.png King William VI
Heiliges Römisches Reich - Reichssturmfahne vor 1433.svg Emperor Sigismund
Heiliges Römisches Reich - Reichssturmfahne vor 1433.svg Emperor John
Royal Banner of Scotland.svg King Edward III
Early Swiss cross.svg Count Ulrich VII
E2EC334B-596B-4FA2-8EFA-185461A68A9F.jpeg King Ólaf IV

Strength
Ottoman Caliphate Flag.png 14,000

Flag of Libya (1977–2011).svg 7,000
Flag of the Republic of the Rif.svg 8,000
Flag of the Kingdom of Tlemcen 1338-1488.png 4,000
Mamluk Flag.png 11,000
Flag Mali Empire (Fictional).png 3,000
3,000 Bedoins
Total: 50,000

Flag Tripolitania V2.png 10,000

Flag of Crown of Aragon.png 25,000
Shield of the Latin Empire of Constantinople.png 2,000
Flag of the Papal States (pre 1808).svg 19,000
French Royal Arms MdM.png 9,000
Flag of Arles (The Kalmar Union).svg.png 16,500
Heiliges Römisches Reich - Reichssturmfahne vor 1433.svg 10,000
Royal Banner of Scotland.svg 2,000
Early Swiss cross.svg 6,000
Cyprus 1159.svg 40,000
Total: 130,500

Casualties and losses
Total: 30,000 Total: 70,000

The Barbary Crusade (Italian: Crociata di Barbary; Spanish: Cruzada de Berbería), known in the Muslim world as the Libyan Jihad (Arabic: الجهاد لوبيا "al-Jihād Lībiyā"), and commonly referenced as The Great African Crusade was a religious conflict in the early 15th century between the crusader kingdom of Tripolitania and the Berber Hafsid Caliphate. Although the conflict initially began as an attack on Berber piracy near the coast of the Béjaïa Emirate by Tripolitania, tensions escalated with the landing of Crusaders near Béjaïa and the Hafsid dynasty declaring Jihad against Tripolitania.  

Seen as the successor to the Libyan Crusade, the Barbary Crusade wouldn't exist as an official crusade until 1432 when Pope Victor V called all Christian nations into crusade to help Tripolitania after the Berber armies came close to it's capital, Tripoli. Within that same year, nearly 30,000 total crusader forces stood at Tripoli, being the one of the largest active armies ever built in African history up to that point, as well as causing the ruination the local economy Tripoli and much of the kingdom itself. The most famous battle from the war, the Last Stand at Sabratah, would take place later in that same year, as the large crusader army encircled roughly 19,000 Berber forces, led by by General Malik Al-Najm, at Sabratah, one of the three ancient Roman Tripoli cities.

Background

Berber piracy along the African coast

Libyan Crusade

The Pact of Tunis

Allamid embargo on Tripolitania

Course of the War

Crusader Landing near Béjaïa

Declaration of Jihad at Tunis

Retreat of Crusaders

Hafsid Campaign in Tripolitania

Pope Victor V declares a Crusade

Last Stand at Sabratah

Collapse of Tripolitania

Cypriot occupation of Tripoli

Aftermath

Treaty of Tunis

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