|Kingdom of Bhutan|
One Nation, One People
"Thunder Dragon Kingdom"
Location of Bhuan in Asia
(and largest city)
|Official languages||Dzongkha (Bhutanese)|
|Government||Unitary absolute monarchy|
|-||King||Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck|
|-||Total|| 38,394 km2
14,824 sq mi
Bhutan, officially the Kingdom of Bhutan, the Heavenly Abode, is a landlocked sovereign state in the Himalayan mountains. It is bordered by India to the south, and China to the north. Its surface area of 38,394 square kilometers makes it the 25th-largest country in Asia and the 97th-largest in the world. With a population of over 771,608 inhabitants, it is the 27th-most populous country in Asia (or the third-least populous) and the 108th in the world (or the 20th-least populous).
Bhutan was formed in 1712, when it gained independence from the British Raj. At first, Bhutan was still considered a state of the British Raj, until Britain recognized its independence. For 200 years, it retained a strict neutrality policy until Sikkim gained its independence. Nepal, Sikkim, and Bhutan started a regional trade partnership that lasted until Sikkim was annexed into India. Bhutan left the trade partnership and adopted a neutral policy again.
In 2008, after the Nepalese Insurrection was crushed, the Bhutanese government was worried about rebels trying to establish a neo-Leninist Government. A referendum was held if there would be a parliament, but the results did not show the desires of a Parliament, so the absolute monarchy continued.
Today, Bhutan is considered the "Las Shangri-La" due to their policy on nature. 71% of the territory of the kingdom are under trees. National identity is very strong within Bhutan. Although most of the population are living in poverty, Bhutan is considered one of the happiest countries in the world. It is also the only country in the world with all organic food, with 100% of the rice being organic. Which has lead to Bhutan having the healthiest people, the least obese people and the least amount of starvation and that saw an increase of immigrants.