The Brazilian Royal Family is the group of close relatives to the monarch of the Kingdom of the United Provinces of Brazil. The family belongs to the House of Braganza, being sometimes referred as House of Braganza-Brazil by the Portuguese historians to differentiate from the deposed Portuguese branch. However, the Brazilian and Portuguese branches of the dynasty are not considered two different royal houses but a single one, especially not after Queen Eliza Regina's marriage to the eldest so o the deposed King of Portugal. That is because, after the War of the Portuguese Succession (1842-1844), the new Portuguese constitution imposed by Brazil and the treaty that ended the war stated that the House of Bragança would be officially indivisible "to maintain the familiar ties between the heads of both states a provide peace and cooperation." As so, the House of Braganza would have two heads, the kings of Brazil and Portugal by the time they rule over these countries. With the Portuguese Republican Revolution in 1910 and the end of the Portuguese monarchy and the exile of the Portuguese royal family, mainly to England, Brazil and Germany, the Brazilian king became the only head of the House of Braganza and most legitimate claimant to the Portuguese throne.
Being branch of the Portuguese Royal Family that broke bonds with Portugal in 1821, the members of the royal family belong, either by birth or marriage, to the House of Braganza mainly. Typically, members use the household name as a surname, or in the case of inter-dynastic birth, the name of the two or more houses to which they belong (i.e. Princess Mariana of Miranor-Braganza-Medici; and Prince Heitor o Braganza-Yamato).
Differently from most other royal families, the dynasty is not solely passed by male-line. The monarch inherits the household from his or her parent (or grandparent and so on) who was the preious reigning monarch, king or queen. For example, Queen Helena's children belonged all to the House of Braganza, even if her husband, King Orlando, was Duke of Ilhéus and from House Medici. Their children were, by blood, Braganza-Medici, which showed in their official names, however, regarding dynastic matters, their son, King Raoni, was only a Braganza. Members of the royal family who do not become monarchs, however may change their dynastic position based on marriage, creating cadet branches within the royal family, such as Miranor-Braganza and Braganza-Medici-Castranova.
The Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza was reunited to the Portuguese branch when Prince Fernando, only son of the deposed King Manuel II of Portugal, married Princess Maria Eliza of Braganza (future Queen Eliza Regina). The disputing Miguelist branch, descending from the exiled Prince Miguel of Braganza, brother of King Pedro I, would be extinct in 1982, leaving the Brazilian Braganzas as the only remaining claimants to the Portuguese throne. The monarch of Brazil holds the most legitimate claim to the defunct Portuguese throne.
Members of the Brazilian royal family also hold substantive titlesof great importance. Since 1824, the heir apparent to the throne is granted the title of Prince of Montemor and Duke of Alcântara. Members of the royal family are also created dukes by the monarch, examples of those "royal dukedoms" include the Duke of Pontal, the Duke of Héraclion, and the Duke of Arcanis (the titles can be inherited but cease to be called "royal" once they pass beyond the grandsons of a monarch). Additionally, Queen Helena, daughter of Queen Eliza Regina and Prince Fernando of Portugal, would come to claim the Portuguese titles claimed by her father and start the tradition of the Brazilian monarch being recognized as the only remaining claimant to the Portuguese throne, a claim now widely recognized by Portuguese monarchists, specially after the end of the Miguelist line in 1982. As such, the Portuguese substantive titles are added to those of the Brazilian monarch and the heir apparent. Of the Portuguese titles, the Brazilian monarch claims the titles of the heir apparent to the Portuguese throne, that is, the honor of Duke of Braganza and the associated titles of Duke of Guimarães, Marquis of Vila Viçosa, and Count of Arraiolos. As for the Prince of Montemor, he claims the titles associated to the heir apparent to the heir apparent to the Portuguese throne, the honors of Prince of Beira and Duke of Barcelos.
In the Kingdom of the United Provinces of Brazil, differently from most of the European monarchies, distinguishing who is a member of the Royal Family is rather easy due to legal and formal definitions of who is or not a member.
The Royal Family is divided into Core Family, Outer Family and Extended Family.
The Core Family is always formed by:
- the Monarch;
- his or her Consort;
- the Monarch's children and grandchildren;
- the monarch's siblings and their children
- the Queen Mother.
Aside from the Monarch and the Consort, as well as the Queen Mother, and the heir-apparent (the Prince of Montemor), the members of the Core Family are all titled Royal Prince/Princess of Brazil.
The official styles to each are His/Her Royal Majesty (HRM) to the monarch and the consort; His/Her Royal Highness (HRH) to the heir apparent and Princes of Brazil; and Her Most Serene Majesty (HMSM) to the Queen Mother.
The Outer Family includes:
- the Monarch's uncles and aunts;
- his or her cousins and their spouses and children;
- the living consorts of previous monarchs;
- the living monarchs who have abdicated.
The living monarchs who have abdicated are titled as Prior Prince or Princess, the monarch's uncles and aunts and his or her cousins are titled as Prince/Princess of Brazil if descendant from a previous monarch to the third generation, i.e., if they have a previous monarch as a parent or grandparent.
The Extended Family includes those who do not hold the title of Prince or Princess of Brazil, but Prince or Princess of their houses or do not hold a title at all. They are the descendants of the current or previous monarchs' grandchildren.
The official styles to each are His/Her Highness (HH) to the Princes and Princesses of their respective Houses. The rest are called His High Lordship and High Ladyship.
Current members of the Brazilian Royal Family are:
(Bold: Royal-born; Normal: Married to a Royal; Italic: Royal- or Noble-born and married into the Royal Family)
- King Marco II of the United Provinces of Brazil
- Queen Alice of Brazil (King's consort)
- Miguel Lorenzo, Prince of Montemor (King's son)
- Prince Klaus, Duke of Pontal (King's brother)
- Prince Carlos Eduardo, Duke of Arcanis (King's brother)
- Princess Anna, Duchess of Arcanis (King's sister-in-law)
- Prince Heitor, Duke of Héraclion (King's brother)
- Princess Hinata, Duchess of Héraclion; Imperial Princess of Japan (King's sister-in-law)
- Prince Takeo of Héraclion; Imperial Prince of Japan (King's nephew)
- Princess Elisa, Duchess of Themyscira (King's sister)
- Prince Felipo, Duke of Themyscira (King's brother-in-law)
- Carlota, The Queen Mother (King's mother)
- Princess Mariana, Duchess of Niss (King's aunt)
- Prince Tobias, Duke of Niss
- Princess Amara of Miranor-Braganza, Countess of Buzios (King's cousin)
- Prince Mauro, Count of Buzios
- Prince Lucas of Miranor-Braganza (King's second cousin)
- Prince Lir of Miranor-Braganza (King's cousin)
- Prince José Carlos, Duke of Iguazu (King's uncle)
- Princess Ana Julia, Duchess of Iguazu
- Prince Aquiles of Braganza-Medici (King's cousin)
- Prince Eros of Braganza-Medici (King's cousin)