Alternative History

The One King[]

23, April, 1014: King Brian Boru doesn't pray at the Battle of Clontarf, thus he is ready when Brodir attacks him, brodir is killed. The Battle of clontarf is a sweeping victory for Boru.

1019: The Battle at Tara, a sweeping victory for Boru, leads to the death of the opposition.

1021: Brian Boru declares himself the One King, or Aon Rí, of Eire. No other king is allowed. Instead, the Four Kings become the Iarlas, the High King becomes the Ard Tiarna. The chieftains (such as the Ui Fergusa) are renamed the Tiarnas.

1102: The third Ui Boruma Aon Rí, Conall, builds the Rí Pálás, or King's Palace, in Dubh Linn

1119: The Iarla of Munster sets up permanent residence in Cork.

1127: The Iarla of Connacht builds city of Gaillimhe

1139: The Iarla of Lienster sets up residence in Dubhlin

1148: The Iarla of Ulster sets up residence in Doire.

1152: The Synod of Kells establishes the Archdioceses of Caiseal, Dublin, and Tuam. in the case of Caiseal, unlike the similarly-named Archdiocese in OTL, this one is united with the Diocese of Elmy from the beginning.

Eire dioceses

The Ecclesiastical provinces of Eire

1168: The Ard Tiarna moves from Tara to Dublin.

The Rebellion[]

1221: The Fifth king of the Ui Boruma, Brian III, assumes the titles of both Aon Rí and Ard Tiarna.

1223: Brian III abolishes the title of Ard Tiarna, so that all the Iarlas report directly to the King.

1228: The last Ui Niell Ard Tiarna secretly travels through Eire gathering support, believing that he should have been the Ard Tiarna.

1230: The Iarlas of Connacht and Ulster rebel under the leadership of the Ui Niell

March, 1231: King Brian III gathers his army and meets the rebels along the Shannon River. Battle is fought to a draw.

June, 1231: The battle at Gaillihme is fought. Rebel victory.

August, 1231: The Battle at Armagh is fought. Crushing royalist defeat.

September, 1231: The Battle at Athlone is fought. Iarla Cedric II of Munster is killed in the fighting.

December, 1231: The surprise Winter Campaign by royalist forces was a limited success. The Tiana of Dundalk is captured and held for ransom.

February, 1232: The Rebellion seemed to be going well. Rebel sympathisers could be found in Lienster and Munster. However, the fact remained that the Royalists held a good quarter of the Rebel's territory, where most of the fighting went on. They would need to launch an offensive deep into royalist territory to assure victory. The time has come for a propaganda and moral victory that would rock the royalists to their core.

April, 1232: The Spring Offensive begins.

21, April, 1232: The battle at Caiseal. Rebel victory at first, with the archbishop captured and the Tiarna is killed.However, the tide turns when reinforcements from Lienster arrive and attack from the flanks. The rebel force is slaughtered. The Archbishop is killed in the process, taking the wind out of the rebels' sails.

May, 1232: The Second Battle at Gaillihme is fought. Royalist victory.

August, 1232: The Second Battle at Armagh. Iarla Rauri Uí Laoghaire is killed in the fighting.

October, 1232: The Battle at Doire is fought. The Iarla Rian Ó Conchobhair is killed.

June, 1233: The Summer Offensive begins.

July, 1233: The Second Battle at Tara is fought. Rebel Victory.

4, August, 1233: The Second Battle at Clontarf. Crushing defeat for the Rebels. The last of the Ui Niell are killed. Also, all the rebel Iarlan Families are killed.

2, September, 1233: The Great Rebellion ends. The Ui Fergusa are made Iarlas of Ulster, and the Ui Byrne are made Iarlas of Connacht.

An Era of Peace[]

1240: King Brian III begins construction on the Ríoga Mainéar (Royal Manor) in Dublin.

1252: Brian III begins cultivating closer relations with Alba

1256: Falling out between Brian III and Sean, Sean disowned.

1274: Brian III (The Great) dies, succeeded by brother Cormac II

January 1276:Cormac II marries Margret of Alba.

September, 1276: Margaret of Alba gives birth to Seamus.

1277: Margaret of Alba dies in childbirth giving birth to Aislinn.

February, 1279: Cormac II dies, succession crisis begins.

March, 1279: Prince Lorcan killed by Prince Rian's supporting knights.

April, 1279: Prince Sean's sons killed by Rian.

June, 1279: Prince Rian poisoned by his wife.

September 1279: Despite his disownment, Sean becomes Ri of Eire

1286: Sean, being the cousin of the son of the daughter of Alba's King Alaxandair's only daughter, is made Regent of Alba.

1290: Sean builds up the Eireann navy, setting up a major base in Mannin, Making Crioboir Ui Fergusa the Tiarna of Mannin, along with being the Iarla of Ulster and Tiarna of Dublin. The Ard Arthair of the Ui Fergusa is now the Second most powerful man in Eire after the Ri.

1291: Seemingly just to piss off his English rival, Sean issues an the Foraithne an Tearmainn agus Fothain, or "Decree of Asylum and Shelter, a binding decree saying that the small Eireann Jewish population will never be expelled, and all the English Jews who were expelled from England would find safe haven in Eire and, as is in his power as official Regent, and unofficial King, of Alba, in Alba as well.

1292: Aislinn marries Arthur II of Brittany.

1294: Prince Seamus marries Dympna Ui Fergusa, daughter of the Iarla of Ulster.

1295: Aislinn gives birth to John.

1296: The first Comhairle mór is called by Sean. It is a council of the Four Iarlas and all the Tiarnas. Disputes are settled, new agreements are signed, and the Ri is advised on actions. It is decided that Feudalism will never be introduced into Eire. 

1297: Dympna gives birth to Prince Ronan

1302: Sean dies, Seamus made Ri of Eire and Alba.

A New Union[]

1303: Eire and Alba are united into one kingdom.

September 1303: It is decided that the Thanes and chieftains of Alba will keep their original titles, many however worry about the lack of feudalism and the possibility of a peasant uprising.

November 1303: Envoys are sent to the kings of England, France and Norway, as well as the Pope and Holy Roman Emperor to establish recognition. The king of France and the Holy Roman Emperor recognise the union, the kings of England and Norway however view the union as a threat, and the pope is still annoyed at Eires' refusal to rebuke the monastic system and come in line with the rest of Christendom, he does grudgingly accept it though.

12, June 1308: John Balloil signs a secret agreement with King Edward II of England that, with English support, he will overthrow Seamus I in Alba if he is made king of a Plantagenet puppet in Alba. The humbling of a potential rival, plus the addition of a new Vassal kingdom, could kick start a revived Angevin Empire.

13, August 1308: Balloil rallies some of the peasants to his side, others however, would rather not get involved in what they know is a bad idea.

21, May 1309: With peasant uprisings simmering in the winter, now English troops cross the border into Alba.

22, May 1309: Shocked by the turn of events, Seamus sends diplomats to Edward's court to come to some sort of arrangement. The king blatantly refuses to negotiate and the diplomat is sent away.

1, June, 1309: Furious, Seamus sends his army to meet the Anglo-Alban forces.

3, June, 1309: Seamus stops in Mannin to tell Criostoir Ui Fergusa to harass English shipping at sea, and send people to the ports of the Two Lands to tell the people that, by royal decree, they may raid English shipping as privateers with impunity.

14, June, 1309: Robert Bruce meets with King Seamus. He agrees to gather his supporters and fight alongside Seamus if in return he cam marry Seamus's eldest daughter, Aislinn.

11, July, 1309: Seamus and Bruce's forces are routed at Falkirk.

12, September, 1309: Bruce's supporters defeat Balloil and the English at the Battle at Stirling Bridge.

19, April, 1310: Seamus and Bruce defeat the Balloilists and English at Dunbar.

21, June, 1310: A third defeat for the English at Roslin; casualties high.

9, September, 1310: Perhaps a year of victories had warped his confidence. Whatever the cause, Seamus and Bruce suffered a massive rout at Bannockburn. 11,000 infantry, and 1,000 cavalry were among the casualties.

11, September, 1310: Seamus orders Bruce to use his remaining forces to defend the fortified town of Stirling, preventing the English forces from entering the Highlands where much of the population has fled. Seamus himself retreats to Glasgow to prevent the English from gaining access to the port. Diplomats are sent to the French king, Philip IV, in an attempt to add the French navy to the brutal sea battles already taking place in the Irish Sea and English Channel.

13, September, 1310: the Anglo-Alban force captures Edinburgh. Balloil can not be crowned however as the Stone of Scone was transported to Dublin months ago.

17, September, 1310: Philip agrees to an alliance with the Union, French ships begin attacking the English in the Channel and troops march into the barely

The Treaty of Lancaster

The British Isles after the Treaty of Lancaster

defended Calais.

5, February, 1311: William Wallace, skilled Alban commander, lands 5,000 soldiers from Mannin near the town of Preston at the command of Seamus. His orders are to cause as much chaos as possible in an attempt to draw the English forces south.

14, June, 1311: Seamus's plan seems to working, Wallace has reached York after fighting his way east and destroying several villages, England is in anarchy as people flee the path of the advancing army, the English forces were decimated at Carlisle in a pincer attack from Seamus and Bruce's forces, and the French and Eirean navies have done their jobs in controlling the seas.

12, December, 1311: Eireann privateers capture the Earl of Warwick, Guy de Beauchamp

21, April, 1312: Battle at Lancaster: Indecisive. Both sides claim victory.

9, July, 1312 Battle at Pendle Hill. The battle starts out as a seeming repeat of Bannockburn, however, the longbow turns the tide. In another form of revenge for Bannockburn, 13,000 infantry are among the English are among ths casualties, as are 3,000 cavalry.

27, August, 1312: John becomes Duke Yann III of Brittany. Shortly after, his wife gives birth to Janed, their first daughter.

29, September, 1312: Earl Warwick is ransomed for 7500 pounds.

6, April, 1313: Battle at Sheffield. The battle, despite its reputation, is relatively small. However, in an unlikely turn of events, Seamus, who has ridden south to see to his occupation of the North of England personally, has his horse shot out from under him, causing him to run into none other than King Edward II. In a confrontation that will be told and retold for centuries, most famously by Welsh playwright Colin Mawryn in his famous play Seamus, King of Two Lands (Séamus, Rí na Tailte a Dó in gaelic, or Seamus, Brenin Dau Tiroedd, in Welsh,) in 1587, Seamus kills Edward. &nbsp 13, July, 1313: Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, wins the ensuing power struggle, being crowned King Thomas I in Westminster.

19, August, 1313: Thomas sues for peace. The Treaty of Lancaster is signed. John Balloil is to be executed, Bruce is made Ard Tiarna Albain, subordinate only to the Ri. All nobles who supported Balloil are to be stripped of their privileges and titles, to be replaced by Eireann nobles. The penalty for England, however, is a heavy indemnity of 1,000,000 pounds and the control of the north of England to be granted to the Rí na hAlban.

October, 1314: Bruce appoints John de Willoughby, a turn-coat English Baron, as his lieutenant in Northern England. He is given the title Leifteanant na hAlban.

12, March, 1314: In England, Thomas's nobles stage a coup. At sword point, the King is forces to sign a document called the Optimus Requiro, of Noble's Demands. This limit's the King's power. The document consisted of these provisions:

  1. A much more formal, more powerful Council of Nobles is created, to re[lace parliament.
  2. The King cannot levy taxes without the consent of this Council
  3. The King cannot declare war without the consent of the council.
  4. A Lord Protector shall be elected to chair this council, with the duties of convening and dismissing sessions, the right of veto on the council, and the right to approve treaties
  5. The Lord Protector, not shall serve as regent for Kings who inherit the throne before the age of 22 until that age, aand shall rule in the kin's stead when he is unable to rule himself.
  6. The seals of both the King AND the Lord Protector must be on any treaty or death warrant the King issues.

Consolidating power[]

17, May, 1314: Robert Bruce goes on a hunting excursion. However, a stray arrow accidentally ("accidentally"?) catches him in the neck. He dies within minutes.

31, May, 1314: Seamus makes his son Ronan Ri na hAlban.

12, June, 1314: Before leaving, Ronan issues the Foraithne Foraithne Bhaile Átha Cliath (Decree of Dublin), transferring control of the North of England to the Ri, although the Rí na hAlban will oversee the administration of the area unless countermanded by the Ri. It also makes the title of Ri na hAlban hereditary, making the title effectively equivalent to Britain's OTL Prince of Wales.

13, June, 1314: Seamus approves the Decree of Dublin

23, June, 1314: Ronan Ui Boruma arries in Edinburgh

28, May, 1316: Seamus has his scholars compile a census of the inhabitants of the Union. Liosta Daoine faoi réir an Rí na hÉireann agus na hAlban (List of List of Persons subject to the King of Ireland and Scotland), the equivalent of William the Conqueror's Doomsday Book. There are 4.5 million inhabitants of the Union,80% are Catholic, 13% are Jewish, and 7% are dissenter. It is also noted that a large amount of the population, 44%, are literate, having been educated by monks.

1, May, 1317: Ronan marries Joan, the daughter of the king of France.

20, June, 1321: Seamus issues the Foraithne Maidir Teanga, or Decree Concerning Language. It makes Eireann Gaelic the official language of the Kingdom of Eire and Alba.

December, 1321: Seamus is observed to have coughed into a white handkerchief. The spot where he coughed on was now flecked with pinkish-red.

3, March, 1322: After one false pregnancy, two stillbirths, and one miscarriage, Joan finally gives birth to a healthy child, who was named Sean for his grandfather.

12, May, 1322: Eadbhárd Ó Reachtagáin writes his history Prionsaí na hÉireann, or Princes of Ireland. This groundbreaking history is considered the first modern history book, the first modern book to look at history seriously, realistically, and objectively.

1, December. 1325: Seamus meets with the Archbishop of Dublin, Felic Ui Fergusa (the Tiarna of Dublin), and all the major figures in the city, to gather together funds to build a University. Some progress is made, however the Priors of most Monasteries don't like the fact that this will weaken the influence of the Monastic schools. Naturally, ever eager to expand his power base to something comparable to the Archbishops on the Continent, the Archbishop of Dublin is all for it.

12, February, 1326: A second meeting takes place. An agreement is made, that one fourth of the teachers will come from the monasteries, one fourth will be priests under the archbishop's influence, and half will be appointed by secular authorities. Each monastery to contribute to the university will contribute one teacher. There will be a Comhairle na Scoláirí, or Council of Scholars, who will decide University policy. Each council member, or Ard-Scoláirí, will also head a department, similar to a Dean in modern times. This played directly into the King's hands, as he can play the monastaries and the Archbishop against each other, and can easily buy off one Scoláire or another.

15, May, 1327: Seamus makes the controversial decision to appoint Jewish-Eireann rabbi Yitzak Ben-Shimon, to head the University's Department of Astronomy.

29, August, 1327: Poet Sean Ó Braonáin publishes the poetry verse Ó na Súile a Faoileán or From the Eyes of a Seagull. Reprinted in many other languages, even nearly 700 years later it's still read, with countless millions of High School Gaelic students being forced by their teachers to struggle through it's archaic dialect and difficult-to-understand turns-of-phrase.

12, March, 1328: Construction begins of the new University of Dublin.

14, May, 1332: King Seamus makes an official Royal visit to Edinburgh, to meet with his son Ronan, and with the mayor of the city.

Spring and summer, 1332: Seamus visits all the Tiarnas in Alba. He particularly makes a point of staying particularly long in the estates of Tiarnas whose loyalty is questionable. The idea is that the Tiarna would be obliged to provide entertainment and feasting and hunts. Through this, they are forced to spend money like water, lest they lose face. This nearly bankrupts them, reducing their mischief-making abilities. The best part of this ploy is that they have no choice but to go on and on about what an honor it is to have the king in their house.

10, October, 1332: Seamus announces the construction of the Dublin Cathedral of Our Lady.

12, January, 1333: King Seamus announces the establishment of the Leabharlann Chathair Bhaile Átha Cliath, or City Library of Dublin. In his quest to make Dublin a major center of learning in Europe, he has founded Europe's first public library.

Winter, 1335-36: Seamus, now 59, is seen to weaken. He commonly would complain of chest pain, and was seen to cough up blood along with saliva. He also complained of high fever and chills, and was seen not to eat often, losing a great deal of weight to the point of seeming skeletally thin and frail. He also complains of weakness and becomes paler and paler as the winter progresses.

February 28, 1336: Seamus is found in his chambers, dead.

1, March, 1336: A lavish funeral is held for the late king. The body is paraded through the streets in a long procession. He was then lain in repose in the Church of St. Patrick (built under Brian III) for a day, before being lain in the royal cemetery at sundown.

2, March, 1336: Ronan, Ri na hAlban, is crowned King Ronan II in the Church of St Patrick.

13, March, 1336:14-year-old Sean is crowned Ri na hAlban in Edinburgh.

3, August, 1336: Duke Yann II of Brittany is cut badly during a joust. The cut turns septic, and Yann dies. Having no male heirs, due to Salic Law the Duchy passes to his cousin Ronan.

10, August, 1336: King Ronan II of Eire and Alba is named Duke Ronan I of Brittany. Ronan names Felic Ui Fergusa as his steward to rule in his stead. The Ui Fergusa family were now the Iarlas of Ulster and Orkeney, the Tiarnas of Dublin and Mannin, and now the Stewards of Brittany, with the title of Tiarna of Brest.With this, as head of the family, Felic Ui Fergusa was the second-most powerful man in the kingdom, after the King.

Perfidious Eire[]

1, november, 1337: In response to growing tensions over Gascony, England declares war on France.

17, November, 1337: The ship carrying the French envoy to Dublin with a request for assistance in the war sinks in the Irish Sea during a nor'easter. The request for help never reaches Ronan II.

1338: Eireann mercenary companies begin forming to sell out their services to the English or French. That Ronan doesn't even try to stop the ones joining the English creates more distrust by King Phillip

12, May, 1338: Ronan II sends envoys to Antwerp (where Thomas I is staying) and To Paris, seeking a non-aggression pact with both of them. The one en route to King Phillip, however, was caught in a summer storm and the ship he was on foundered off the Scilly Ilses.

Criostoir Colombo[]

A Peace Restored[]

Impireacht na[]

A Falling Out[]

The Second Empire[]

The Great War[]

A Decade of Prosperity[]

Murphy's Law[]

The Beast[]

The Celtic Dragon[]