Great Nuclear War
During the Great Nuclear War, Britain was heavily hit by the bombs, including Greater London, Industrial Northern England, and Southern Scotland. With the falling of the bombs, the British Government retreated to the Isle of Wight in the South of England.
Sir Richard Hull, the Chief of Staff of the British Military, was appointed Prime Minister by the Queen; despite the fact that he held no legitimate Parliamentary authority, it was decided that temporary military control may allow better security. Indeed, one of the first problems facing the Government was the chance of Famine during the Winter. However, thankfully, while in more Northern parts of the United Kingdom great blizzards occurred, the Isle of Wight was far south enough, as well as geographically harbored by the Solent, that it only experienced a few snow flurries. However, the following spring the government called all farms and fisheries under government supervision, and the unemployed, and refugees from the mainland were put in rotas to help at these farms for a small pay. Alongside this, many private ventures, such as transport, were also put under government control. For the next two years, the Administration remained on the Island, occasionally accepting refugees carrying stories of varying degrees of order in the mainland. Additionally, many military vessels and personnel arrived on the Island.
Expeditions and Expansion
However, in 1965, a mission to the mainland was organised. On arriving in Southampton and Portsmouth, which had had varying degrees of contact with the BPA, the respective Councils voted to accept the Administration as the legitimate UK Government and joined it, though some members opposed it stating the lack of democratic civilian control. With a military force of 5000, the force landed in Southampton and started to move through Hampshire. Despite having a large military force, little to no resistance was experienced, the military mainly serving to secure control and to help with settlements they passed through, often distributing food or rebuilding flood walls after apparent floods following the Winter of 1962.
However, in June, a unit of the force came upon the former County Town of Winchester. From reports later gathered, it seemed that, in the years following the Great War, a senior-ranking Civil Servant had seized control of the Council and City and claimed legitimacy as the Chairman of the People's Administration of Great Britain. Apparently having been driven mad by the events, he ordered his militia to open fire on the BPA forces, claiming to be the Ruler of the entirety of the British Isles and claiming the BPA were usurpers and rebels. The Wintonian militia was generally ill prepared, having old World War rifles salvaged, though oddly as well as, apparently, a tank. They were no match for the BPA force, and with minimal conflict the Chairman was deposed, and BPA Control established, creating Winchester as a base for operations in Hampshire.By January 1966 the entirety of the County of Hampshire was under BPA Control. The BPA's Military had also managed to swell its rank where it often came across military bases and units. While some of these had become defunct and disbanded, some stayed as local peacekeeping forces, some holed up with their families within the bases, and some essentially became bandits. Those who became bandits continued to be a bane to the BPA for the next 20 years.
Return to Civilian Control
In January 1967 it was decided that the areas under BPA control had come under enough stability to hold a General Election. The Town Hall of Newport, where some government meetings had already occurred, was chosen to be the temporary location of the Parliament, and started to be fitted out with two sides of Benches, to mirror the system of Westminster. In May a General Election was held, and while the results were slow to filter through, communications still often relying on horsemen, a new government was chosen. Due to the difficulty in communications, the party system had essentially collapsed, and while some of the new MP's claimed to be members of the former parties of Conservatives, Labour and the Liberal Democrats, almost all were Independents. When these MP's gathered in Newport in June, after the opening of Parliament by the Queen, they chose their new leader from their ranks, a young politician named Margaret Thatcher. While Thatcher continued many of the previous military governments policies, she returned many of the privatised businesses, though the government still held strong control over the farms and railways, and retained the right to requisition vehicles.
Over the next three years the BPA solidified their control over the South Coast, reaching from Devon to Sussex across Somerset, Dorset and Hampshire, as well as varying degrees of control over Wiltshire, Berkshire, Surrey and Kent. However, one large area of the South remained independent: Cornwall. After the Great Nuclear War the county had declared its independence from the United Kingdom as the Cornish People's Republic. This nation was fiercely independent, and the two nations begrudgingly accepted each other, with mild border clashes. However, in 1969 the BPA started to move more and more troops into the area bordering the two nation, and on the 3th April 1969 BPA units started to move across the border in a number of places. While the British Army had far superior numbers and equipment, they Cornish forces were able to fall back into there landscape, waging a guerrilla war. After almost 6 weeks of bitter fighting, in June the two sides agreed a ceasefire and met in Cornwall to negotiate. After four days, they came out of meetings, and agreed that Cornwall would become a highly autonomous region of the BPA, and any future re-organisation into the United Kingdom would result in Cornwall as a constituent country independent of England. The same year the Parliament moved from Newport to a newly completed Assembly Hall in Southampton, where it was believed it would be easier to access and defend, with better infrastructure. This new building also included space for the seats to expand for more constituencies as it expanded.
StabilisationOver the next decade the BPA further solidified its internal affairs, while expanding as far North as Birmingham, the largest city. This also brought into contact the independent nations of Wales and Anglia. While Wales was deemed too powerful and difficult to annex, Anglia showed some signs of wishing to join the BPA. News was also filtering through of a second British Survivor state in Northern England, based around Northumbria.
In January 1978, Anglia formally joined the British Provisional Administration, and elected representatives to the Parliament. This year also saw exploratory expeditions to the former Greater London Area, where some equipment was salvaged and information gathered. It was discovered that in some places the Thames had burst its banks and flooded areas into radioactive swam, while other areas had returned to forests. Travel to the area was formally restricted with various military bases, outposts and patrols around it.
In 1985, the British Provisional Administration met the Northern English Council, a provisional body formed by various councils against threats of bandits. Reports from this Council showed that the area had suffered greatly from bandits, famine, and apparently the rise of a fascist Scottish State. The BPA immediately agreed to send military convoys to supply food and gather information, with some troops moving to the Northern Border to help defend against Scottish raids. Perhaps unsurprisingly, in 1986 the NEC made a formal request to the BPA for annexation. After little discussion it was agreed and the NEC came under BPA control, though still with some autonomy. Over the next few years the two NEC and BPA solidified together, and expanded a little.On the 1st of January 1990 the United Kingdom of England and Cornwall was declared as a direct successor to the old UK; indeed, the new UK continued occasionally to refer to itself as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and sometimes the United Kingdom of England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Cornwall.