|— State of the Danubian Federation —|
|Motto: Mi smo vendar služabniki ljudi, ki jih vodimo.|
|Creation of the state of Carniola||1848|
|Unification with Croatia||1864|
|Re-admittion as a state||1869|
|- Type||Federal State|
|Population (Circa 1863; Adult Males only)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|- Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
The State of Carinthia [Slov: Koroška; Ger: Kärnten] is one of the constituent states of the Danubian Federation [Slov: Donavska federacija; Ger: Die Donauföderation], and the state with a population majority Slovene.
The March of Carniola entered into the House of Habsburg in 1335, being granted to Albert II, Duke of Austria. His son, Duke Rudolph IV of Austria, proclaimed Carniola a Duchy in 1364. Following the Treaty of Neuberg, 1379, Carniola became part of Inner Austria, and was only reunited with the Archduchy in 1457 under Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor. In 1564 Inner Austria again broke off, with Carniola going with it. In 1619, Carniola was once again united with the rest of the Habsburg lands under Ferdinand II.
Almost two centuries later, in 1809, Carniola formed part of the Illyrian Provinces under Napoleon, only to form a part of the Kingdom of Illyria from 1815 once again under the Habsburg Monarchy. This is the form Carniola was in until the unrest of 1848, causing the dissolution of the Kingdom as an administrative region and a reformation within the Federation. Out of this early chaos formed the first incarnation of the state of Slovenia, known as the State of Carniola, uniting Slovenians under one banner for the first time in centuries.
The then-state of Carniola, in 1864, united together with the state of Croatia into the state of Illyria and 5 years later, in 1869, left Illyria and was re-admitted as a state, under the new name of Slovenia. Later, the state was renamed Carinthia.
Form of Government
The State of Carinthia is a federal state within the Danubian Federation. Following its establishment as an autonomous state within the Federation, Carinthian government was established with a strong executive, combining the roles of Head of State and Head of Government into one position, the Presidency. The Presidency, along with the Cabinet, form the executive of Carinthia. While the State-President is elected directly by the state electorate, the Cabinet is comprised of members of the state Parliament. It is this Parliament that forms the legislature of Carinthia. While much power resides with the Presidency, state bills may only pass into law with the consent of Parliament, though the State-President is allowed to propose bills just as members of Parliament are. The Supreme Law Court oversees all state law, and protects the constitution of Slovenia.
The prime duties of the State-President are the implementation of state law and the management of the Carinthian Militia (in both their training and instruction). There are no limits on the re-election of a particular State-President, as it is the belief of Slovenia that the electorate should be able to choose whomever they want. The only restrictions on standing for Presidency are as follows: The candidate must be a Carinthian-born male aged over 30, must have had no criminal charges against their person, and must not hold any military office from the time of announcing their candidacy to the end of their (potential) Presidency. Presidential term lengths are 10 years.
The State of Carinthia is divided into the seven traditional regions of:
- Carniolan Littoral
- Upper Carniola
- Lower Carniola
- Inner Carniola
- Lower Styria
The most important of these regions is Lower Carniola, home of the state capital Ljubljana. Not only the center of administration, Lower Carniola is also the most wealthy of these regions (However, this is due almost solely to the presence of Ljubljana). Since the creation of the Federation, Slovenia has been politically divided between the right- and left-wing parties, however the creation of the Centre Party is becoming a force to be reckoned with in state politics, not least because the State-President is leader of the party.
While the state is majority Slovene, there are several notable minorities: Italians in the Carniolan Littoral, Hungarians in Prekmurje, and Germans spread across the State, though most heavily concentrated in Lower Styria. In the Littoral and Prekmurje, Italian and Hungarian respectively are official languages for those sub-divisions. Each of these sub-divisions retains a strong sense of heritage. Slovenia has the area size of 20,273 km².
Notable Individuals from the State of Carinthia
Ludwig von Stroheim, Explorer, formally State-President and Councillor of Carniola, Leader of Zentrum [Self-Exiled]: Being Councillor for Carniola for many years, Von Stroheim felt it was his duty to take the vacant position of State-President during the Constitutional Crisis surrounding the Masaryck coup. Following the end of the crisis, his firm leadership and strong personality won him the election, securing his position for another four years. Under his tutelage, Carniola has seen its first state-only legislature introduced. He also co-founded Zentrum, the leading centralist party in the Federation. In 1860, Von Stroheim sought and won re-election as State-President, though this was not without controversy due to radical interference. Following the radical rebellion, Von Stroheim departed the Federation on-board the Carniolan Trading Company, bound for the Africa.
Alfonz Aljaz, formally Councillor of Carnolia, member of the PDP [Missing]: The first Councillor for Carniola, Aljaz's highest office was Minister of the Treasury. Aljaz was a man of quite some controversy : not only a suspected Ottoman sympathiser and vocal critic of Venetian policy, he was also vocal on pan-Slavism, and openly called for secession from the Federation. He has not been seen for many years, and following his disappearance his cause lost direction.
Matthias von Marius-Parsifal, formally Councillor of Carniola, Governor-General of Tunisia, member of the DWP [Dead, Suicide]:
A long-time radical leaning centrist, Matthias soon joined the DWP once it was formed by his colleague Fedir Sevinsky. In many respects, the DWP is more an offshoot of Zentrum than a true socialist party. Matthias is also a strong proponent of colonialism, which he seeks to further with his private company, the German Littoral Company. After a minor crisis involving his temporary appointment as Governor-General of Tunisia, Matthias renounced his position as Councillor for Carniola, and was later found guilty of contravening the Military Neutrality Act (1857), for which he received a 2 year suspended sentence. Following the appointment of Lilic to the Governorship of Tunisia, Marius-Parsifal shot himself in the head.
Milko Kos, General of the Second Southern Army [Alive]: Publically a-political, Milko Kos joined the Carniolan Militia as soon as he was eligible, rising to the rank of Colonel in his time with the militia. Following the Captain-Generals departure from the Federation, Kos sought and gained a transfer to the Federal army, serving in the 1st Southern Army, though this came at the cost of a slight demotion to Lieutenant-Colonel. Seeing success in the Battle of Valencia, Kos was promoted to General of the Second Southern Army by General Revenjo.
Charles Jakopin, Councillor for 'Carinthia [Alive]: A rash and active young man, Jakopin eagerly joined the republican militia in the revolution of '48. For several years he worked quietly as a craftsman, before climbing through the ranks of the infamous Adriatic Trading Company. Becoming disillusioned with the capitalistic nature of the company, he worked purely to support his family. Following his sons maturity, Jakopin became convinced by his family to run for political office.
Events & Acts pertaining to Carinthia
- The Declaration of the South Slavs
- The Formation of the South Slavic League
- Industrial Development & Defence of the State Acts