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Republic of China
中華民國
Timeline: A Free China
OTL equivalent: People's Republic of China
Flag of China (1912–1928).svg Twelve Symbols national emblem of China.svg
Coat of arms
Motto: 
"
Anthem: 
National Anthem of the Republic of China
CapitalNanking
Largest largest city Shanghai
Official languages Chinese
Ethnic groups  93.25% Han Chinese
Demonym Chinese
Religion Taoism and Buddhism
Government Unitary, Semi-Presidential, Democratic Republic
 -  President of China Su Tseng-chang
 -  Vice President Wu Den-yih
Legislature Legislative Yuan
History
 -  Xinhai Revolution 1911 
 -  March on Nanking 1956 
 -  Current Constitution 1956 
GDP (nominal)  estimate
 -  Total $11.938 trillion (2nd)
Currency Chinese Yuan

The Republic of China is a democratic state in East Asia, and is one of the most powerful countries in the World.

History

The history of China remains relatively the Same up until the [Civil war] where the Nationalists gain victory over the communists, and the Kuomintang stay in power in China longer. The Kuomintang would soon face fearc opposition to their rule, as many reformists groups inside the Kuomintang wanted to reform the party into a democracy supporting, Conservative Party, and want free and fair elections to be held, meanwhile, many Chinese are tired of Chiang Kai-Shek's dictatorship, and want him gone, and so many democratic groups are formed, and many opposition parties are founded in 1949, which shocks and forces the government to declare a state of emergency that would last 7 years (Until 1956), with Chiang Kai-Shek ordering a crackdown and bump up in survalance of their citizens by bugging their phones and rooms. Chiang Kai-Shek would become infamous and very unpopular in China and with the Chinese People.

Protests for a Free China

Many democratic groups organize protests against the government, all In major cities and major economic points in rural areas. They hope that Chiang Kai-Shek will finally step down as "President for Life", and allow for free elections to be held. In 1949, the biggest of these protests until the March of Nanking in 1956; this protest is yet another protest against the government, and asking for democratic freedoms. This protest took place in Shanghai, a city that, in 1911 due to controversy over train tracks, kickstarted the Xinhai Revolution and established the Republic of China; But this protest didn't just include young liberals and conservatives chanting on the streets, but also included an occupation of 3 major government buildings in the area, the post office, City Hall, and the Police Office. This worried Ye government, especially Chiang Kai-Shek, who was paranoid at this point. Chiang Ordered the military to intervene, with tanks, armored vehicles, and machine guns, and just in case, grenades. He also declared a state of emergency nationwide, and told his ministers that "No one will leave this country, no one will leave their cities, no one will leave their neighborhoods, no one will leave their homes, and if the situation is dire enough, not even their beds." Chiang was so obsessed with power, and ordered for the military to use deadly force against protesters and they tried to break into the 3 main government buildings. He also ordered for the military to hang portraits of his face on the government buildings, and the military to commit 4 men in each group to carry a portrait of him wherever the military went. 1,000 people protested that day, with 200 people being injured or killed. This day would be known as "the Shanghai massacre" and the nationalist government of Chiang Kai-Shek would make knowledge of this event hard to get, as they censored everything about the event, and ordered that all news companies not even mention or do reports on the city of Shanghai.

March of Nanking and Resignation of Chiang

After years of oppression by the authoritarian nationalist regime of Chiang Kai Shek, on September 3, 1956, the March of Peking took place, it was a massive March, of 50,000 people, all wanting to free themselves from censorship of the media, crackdown of protests, and government survailence. The march was too large, and way to noticeable for foreign media and the international community to just look over, and Chiang's government would defiantly see vast amounts of backlash from the international community and his neighbors if he were to did what he did in Shanghai, so he gave the order to the military and police to let the march happen, but block the road, and gave the order to the secret police to keep an eye on key figures of the protest, and to jot down the appearance of the first few people in the front of the March line. The March of Nanking, just like the government predicted, was heavily watched by the United Nations Human Rights Council, the United Nations as a whole, numerous Human Rights organizations, and the United States, that was also beginning to demand Chiang give in to the people's demands. A worried Chiang that his resistance to resign as President of China, might lead to a riot in Nanking ... right in front of his Presidential Palace. Chiang's personal cabinet were freaking out, and begged Chiang to devise and escape plan, with an airlift or something, or just give up sovereignty over China. Eventually, the second option was what Chiang decided, and he stepped out to his balcony, and waved to the angry protesters, who were all chanting "Give up power Shek!" Over and over again, and soon, he started to repeat it to, and the crowd seemed confused, but when he announced that he will resign as President of the Republic of China, the people cheered, and Chiang ordered the guards inside the palace to open the doors and let the protesters in, and so they did, and many protesters came rushing in, peacefully occupying the palace, and securing the throne to the power of China: the Center of control of the capital, and now that Chiang had resigned, they could finally make a new, and free, constitution of China.

The Cold War

After the March of Nanking in 1956, China would evolve into a fledgling democracy, but with many problems to face. Such as, Chiang not going by the agreement he made with the new government of China, the one that he would not participate in politics and hand over control of the Kuomintang to the reformists, in return, he would be allowed a peaceful life in the countryside. Chiang has done none of this, and he is still ruling the party by 1960! Chiang has endured a cult of Personality in his party, that many reformists that want to make the Kuomintang a normal Conservative party within China, and therefore popular with the people, but Chiang keeps strangling on to power. Many propose an assassination of Chiang, but the reformist leader, Li Zongren, former Vice President, quickly shoots this down, saying that they need to get rid of him in a lawful way. They decided to get in touch with law enforcement, which they did, and they were able to get Chiang out of power. They reformed the Kuomintang party, and popularity for them was increasing. Now, back to the Cold War, where China is very important on the international scale. The Soviet Union, not having a strong hold in china, and therefore all of Asia is out of Soviet reach, with communist militias fighting against their governments getting little support from the Soviets, and now the soviets are focusing on influence in Africa. China in this timeline, since it is now a free, capitalistic, democracy, will support the many capitalist governments surrounding them in Asia, so such communist regimes like the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia, or the Kim Dynasty in North Korea, might not even come to power/ exist today, as China opposed them and likely used their geographic proximity to these countries to their advantage. It is hard to say if Vietnam would still be communist today, but it's likely North Vietnam would have a harder time winning the war without a lot of Chinese and soviet support.

Now in our timeline, before Mao Zedong, China was mostly an agricultural nation, depending on agriculture for their economy, but since in this timeline, Mao Zedong is defeated, captured and executed, his plans for massive Chinese industrialization never come into effect, leaving Democratically Elected leaders to lead China through an economic reform period. For a while, China’s economic growth and industrialization is painfully slow, so China isn’t the capitalist paradise you would think it is. Many Chinese Leaders would struggle with economic reform, as they fought against corruption and oligarchs that were apart of the previous nationalist’s regime’s economic policies. This Era would be known as the “Great Struggle”, and would scar china for years to come. Unemployment skyrocketed, much of China was still rural, and much of China was dependent on agriculture. By the 1970s, China was in a state of economic turmoil, and needed change fast, as many were turning towards communism, an ideology still controversial in post-nationalist China, and which Communist Political Parties were still banned, as China turned towards a Pro-US stance in the Cold War, causing Russian officials in Moscow to freak out. The Great Struggle would continue until 1971, where Chinese elections for President took place, and where a liberal reformer, Nori Shih, took power, and instituted economic reforms that would bring China out of its state of widespread poverty...

Nori Shih Era

With Nori Shih being selected as the next President for the Republic of China, he instituted numerous economic and liberal reforms, such as ordering the creation of a Trans-China Railway to be created, opening up many jobs for Chinese citizens. He also kickstarted industrialization, by encouraging the use of machines in farms, and to open up numerous new jobs, that many in the poor rural areas could only dream of, resulting in mass migrations to the cities. This greatly helped stabilize the economy, though China still faced many economic problems, and unemployment was still dangerously slow, China was experiencing a time of change, and by the end of the 70s, China’s Economy was rivaling that of Thailand and even Australia. By the late 80s, China’s Economy was at it’s peak height, and was now rivaling those of Japan’s and Even Korea’s!

Modern Era

After Nori Shih’s grand reforms, the Chinese economy continued to expand and prosper, China would soon reach Superpower status, alongside the US. In the late 90s, after the USSR collapsed, American and Chinese relations would begin to deteriorate as their presences in their regions undermined their influences in their regions, and their goals soon contradicted with each other, and soon lead to the Sino-American Split, But was didn’t result in the tense relations seen in our timelines Sino-Soviet split. China would continue to prosper throughout the 2000s and mid 2010s. Chinese politicians and leaders have named this era of prosperity and superpower status as the “Chinese Dream”, and says it’s the goals of every Chinese citizen to help their family and have a job.

Government

The Government of the Republic of China operates under a Free Constitution, and the Three Principles of the People, described by Sut Yat-Sen. Chinese Citizens enjoy the freedom of Unristricted trival, Freedom of Speech, freedom of assembly, and Freedom of Religion and Self-Determination. The people of China are one of the freeest, and enjoy a check and balance Government, like the United States. The Chinese Government is divided into 5 branches: The Leglislative Yuan The Judicial Yuan The Executive Yuan The Control Yuan The Examination Yuan These 5 branches of government all operate to preserve a democratic government, and to serve the people. Major members of these branches are elected by the people, and are elected for the services of the people.


Every 5 years, the people of China elect a new leader in nation-wide elections, and are known to be one of the fairest in the world. Tampering in anyway in National Elections is a “Crime Against the People”, which is China’s worst criminal offense, and is often given to government officials who have participated in corruption or criminal activity, along with anyone else who may try to interfere in democratic processes or institutions. The election process goes through two phases, first, the campaign phase, where each candidate running for president, for whatever party they are nominated for, travels around the country to campaign, and to get the people’s confidence. The second phase is the election process, where every citizen of the Republic votes for their candidate of choice, and whichever candidate gets the majority, becomes the nominated next president of China.

Economy

After experiencing rapid growth in industrialization and modernization in the 70s and early 80s, China’s free market economy has seen rapid growth, and has seen little stop! Trade and production have been china’s main specialty, and makes most of their GDP. Products with the “Made in China” label are common in the US and other nations, and symbolizes China production capacity and power in the trade sector.

Shanghai

Shanghai is the most populous city in China, and one of the wealthiest. It is known to be the “Light of China”, and is one of the biggest cities in The world.

Night_in_Shanghai%2C_August_2012_05.JPG

Shanghai is the center of Chinese Tech and the Movie Industry. It is a commonly known city in China and is the site of many films, as directors find it cheap to film in Shanghai. Shanghai is the most developed city in China, and is the center of trade and science in East Asia. Many people flock to shanghai to find new jobs or to have a career, making shanghai the most important city in China.

“Made in China”

D-Link_made_in_china.JPG

The ”Made in China” label is commonly seen on Chinese made products around the world” When you were young, you probably looked under your favorite toy, and have seenthe “Made in China” label many times. As you may have figured out, China is a major exporter to the US, and a huge part of the United States economy, and many other economies around the world. China is a key factor in produce for many nations, and can be seen as either a good thing or a bad thing. China has risen the ranks to become the leading power in production and industry, and this has lead to list of China’s economy becoming self reliant, but also heavily dependent on Exports, which makes China’s economy look less self reliant. Many people around the world criticize the heavy dependence on Chinese Production, and see it as a compromise of their country’s Values and independence from foreign powers. Never the less, China will continue to dominate the World in trading and production compacity.

Culture

Paifang_chinese_gate.jpg A Paifang, a traditional Chinese piece of architecture

Chinese Culture has flourished over the centuries. Many traditional practices have been lost to time or are no longer practiced due to modernization, but nothing major has been changed of its original practices and beliefs.

Chinese embassies around the world sponsor and organize parades, performances, and plays that display Chinese culture and traditional practices in them, and are spectacular and wow audiences, and are a very popular event.

1200px-Chinese_women_in_pink%2C_dancing_%282007-07-05%29.jpg Traditional Chinese Dance Chinese Dance has evolved over the centuries, and has slowly become more modern over the years. Under the Nationalist government of Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese culture, and especially dance flourished, as the government promoted ancient Chinese traditions, and supported the modernization and practice of Chinese Dance. Chinese Dance is one of the things people think about when they think of “China”, well that, and their freedom.

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