Alternative History
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The Confederate States Congress is the main body of the legislative branch of the C.S. Government. Congress is made up by the House of Representatives, containing 331 representatives (as of the 1930 census) elected for two year terms, and the Senate, containing two senators from every state that are chosen for six year terms. Congress is responsible for making the laws of the Confederate States.

The House of Representatives is led by the Speaker of the House, elected of the House's members by the House's members. The Senate is led by the President of the Senate, the Vice President of the Confederate States.

Contents

List of Congresses

The main purpose of this article is to list the various Congresses, their party composition, and their leadership.


2nd Congress

See here.


3rd Congress

February 18, 1866-February 18, 1868

Senate

House


Membership

Nonpartisan Total
Senate 22 22
House of Representatives 106 106


Leadership

President of the Senate: Alexander H. Stephens (NP)

Speaker of the House: Thomas Bocock (NP)



4th Congress

February 18, 1868-February 18, 1870

Senate

House


Membership

Nonpartisan Total
Senate 22 22
House of Representatives 106 106


Leadership

President of the Senate: Judah P. Benjamin (NP)

Speaker of the House: William Dunlap Simpson (NP)



5th Congress

February 18, 1870-February 18, 1872

Senate

House


Membership

Nonpartisan Total
Senate 22 22
House of Representatives 106 106


Leadership

President of the Senate: Judah P. Benjamin (NP)

Speaker of the House: William Dunlap Simpson (NP)



6th Congress

February 18, 1872-February 18, 1874

Senate

House


Membership

Nonpartisan Total
Senate 22 22
House of Representatives 106 106


Leadership

President of the Senate: Judah P. Benjamin (NP)

Speaker of the House: John DeWitt Clinton Atkins (NP)



7th Congress

February 18, 1874-February 18, 1876

Senate

House


Membership

Nonpartisan Total
Senate 22 22
House of Representatives 106 106


Leadership

President of the Senate: Albert G. Brown (NP)

Speaker of the House: John DeWitt Clinton Atkins (NP)


8th Congress

February 18, 1876-February 18, 1878

Senate

House


Membership

Nonpartisan Southern Total
Senate 11 11 22
House of Representatives 51 55 106


Leadership

President of the Senate: Albert G. Brown (S)

Speaker of the House: Hiram Parks Bell (S)



9th Congress

February 18, 1878-February 18, 1880

Senate

House


Membership

Nonpartisan Southern Total
Senate 9 13 22
House of Representatives 47 59 106


Gains:

Senate: Southern +2

House: Southern +4


Leadership

President of the Senate: Albert G. Brown (S)

Speaker of the House: Hiram Parks Bell (S)


10th Congress

February 18, 1880-February 18, 1882

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Southern Total
Senate 6 16 22
House of Representatives 37 69 106


Gains:

Senate: Southern +3

House: Southern +10


Leadership

President of the Senate: P.G.T. Beauregard (S)

Speaker of the House: Hiram Parks Bell (S)


11th Congress

February 18, 1882-February 18, 1884

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Southern Total
Senate 9 13 22
House of Representatives 55 82 137


Gains:

Senate: Confederate +3

House: Confederate +18, Southern +13


Leadership

President of the Senate: P.G.T. Beauregard (S), until October 14, 1883 [Ascended to Presidency]

Speaker of the House: Hilary A. Herbert (S)


12th Congress

February 18, 1884-February 18, 1886

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Southern Total
Senate 11 11 22
House of Representatives 71 66 137


Gains:

Senate: Confederate +2

House: Southern +16


Leadership

President of the Senate: Vacant

Speaker of the House: Charles F. Crisp (C)


13th Congress

February 18, 1886-February 18, 1888

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Southern Total
Senate 14 8 22
House of Representatives 69 68 137


Gains:

Senate: Confederate +3

House: Southern +2


Leadership

President of the Senate: John Tyler Morgan (C)

Speaker of the House: Charles F. Crisp (C)


14th Congress

February 18, 1888-February 18, 1890

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Southern Total
Senate 12 10 22
House of Representatives 59 78 137


Gains:

Senate: Southern +2

House: Southern +10


Leadership

President of the Senate: John Tyler Morgan (C)

Speaker of the House: Joseph Abbott (S)


15th Congress

February 18, 1890-February 18, 1892

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Southern Total
Senate 9 13 22
House of Representatives 64 73 137


Gains:

Senate: Southern +3

House: Confederate +5


Leadership

President of the Senate: John Tyler Morgan (C)

Speaker of the House: Joseph Abbott (S)



16th Congress

February 18, 1892-February 18, 1894

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Southern Total
Senate 12 10 22
House of Representatives 95 62 157


Gains:

Senate: Confederate +3

House: Confederate +31


Leadership

President of the Senate: John W. Daniel (C)

Speaker of the House: Charles F. Crisp (C)




17th Congress

February 18, 1894-February 18, 1896

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Southern Total
Senate 13 9 22
House of Representatives 88 69 157


Gains:

Senate: Confederate +1

House: Southern +7


Leadership

President of the Senate: John W. Daniel (C)

Speaker of the House: Charles F. Crisp (C)



18th Congress

February 18, 1896-February 18, 1898

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Farmer's Southern Total
Senate 15 0 7 22
House of Representatives 80 5 72 157


Gains:

Senate: Confederate +2

House: Farmer's +5, Southern +3


Leadership

President of the Senate: John W. Daniel (C)

Speaker of the House: David B. Culberson (C)




19th Congress

February 18, 1898-February 18, 1900

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Farmer's Southern Total
Senate 10 1 11 22
House of Representatives 53 26 78 157


Gains:

Senate: Southern +4, Farmer's +1

House: Farmer's +21, Southern +6


Leadership

President of the Senate: Murphy J. Foster (S)

Speaker of the House: John Sharp Williams (S)


20th Congress

February 18, 1900-February 18, 1902

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Farmer's Southern Total
Senate 11 1 10 22
House of Representatives 43 32 82 157


Gains:

Senate: Confederate +1

House: Farmer's +6, Southern +4


Leadership

President of the Senate: Murphy J. Foster (S)

Speaker of the House: John Sharp Williams (S)



21st Congress

February 18, 1902-February 18, 1904

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Farmer's Southern Total
Senate 13 2 7 22
House of Representatives 67 41 69 177


Gains:

Senate: Confederate +2, Farmer's +1

House: Confederate +24, Farmer's +9


Leadership

President of the Senate: Murphy J. Foster (S)

Speaker of the House: James D. Richardson (C)


22nd Congress

February 18, 1904-February 18, 1906

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Farmer's Southern Total
Senate 14 3 5 22
House of Representatives 96 31 50 177


Gains:

Senate: Confederate +2, Farmer's +1

House: Confederate +29


Leadership

President of the Senate: Thomas E. Watson (F), until November 11, 1905 [Ascended to Presidency]

Speaker of the House: James Hay (C)


23rd Congress

February 18, 1906-February 18, 1908

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Farmer's Southern Total
Senate 14 5 7 26
House of Representatives 105 38 36 179


Gains:

Senate: Farmer's +2, Southern +2

House: Confederate +9, Farmer's +7


Leadership

President of the Senate: None

Speaker of the House: James Hay (C)


24th Congress

February 18, 1908-February 18, 1910

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Farmer's Southern Total
Senate 11 9 6 26
House of Representatives 85 54 40 179


Gains:

Senate: Farmer's +3

House: Farmer's +11, Southern +4


Leadership

President of the Senate: None

Speaker of the House: James Hay (C)


25th Congress

February 18, 1910-February 18, 1912

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Farmer's Southern Total
Senate 8 11 7 26
House of Representatives 57 74 49 180


Gains:

Senate: Farmer's +2, Southern +1

House: Farmer's +20, Southern +9


Leadership

President of the Senate: Richmond P. Hobson (C)

Speaker of the House: Joseph Taylor Robinson (F)


26th Congress

February 18, 1912-February 18, 1914

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Farmer's Southern Total
Senate 10 10 8 28
House of Representatives 73 85 60 218


Gains:

Senate: Confederate +2, Southern +1

House: Confederate +16, Farmer's +11, Southern +11


Leadership

President of the Senate: Richmond P. Hobson (C)

Speaker of the House:

Joseph Taylor Robinson (F), until January 13, 1913 [Elected Governor of Arkansas]

Carter Glass (F)


27th Congress

February 18, 1914-February 18, 1916

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Farmer's Southern Total
Senate 14 7 7 28
House of Representatives 92 82 44 218


Gains:

Senate: Confederate +4

House: Confederate +19


Leadership

President of the Senate: Richmond P. Hobson (C)

Speaker of the House: James Hay (C)


28th Congress

February 18, 1916-February 18, 1918

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Farmer's Southern Total
Senate 12 8 8 28
House of Representatives 81 76 61 218


Gains:

Senate: Farmer's +1, Southern +1

House: Southern +17


Leadership

President of the Senate: Furnifold McLendel Simmons (C)

Speaker of the House: Edward W. Saunders (C)


29th Congress

February 18, 1918-February 18, 1920

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Farmer's Southern Total
Senate 13 8 7 28
House of Representatives 112 62 44 218


Gains:

Senate: Confederate +2

House: Confederate +31


Leadership

President of the Senate: Furnifold McLendel Simmons (C)

Speaker of the House: Edward W. Saunders (C)


30th Congress

February 18, 1920-February 18, 1922

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Southern Farmer's Total
Senate 14 14 28
House of Representatives 110 108 218


Gains:

Senate: Southern Farmer's +1

House: Southern Farmer's +2


Leadership

President of the Senate: Furnifold McLendel Simmons (C)

Speaker of the House:

Edward W. Saunders (C), until December 16, 1921 [Died]

Sam Rayburn (C)


31st Congress

February 18, 1922-February 18, 1924

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Southern Farmer's Total
Senate 10 18 28
House of Representatives 43 175 218


Gains:

Senate: Southern Farmer's +4

House: Southern Farmer's +67


Leadership

President of the Senate: James F. Byrnes (SF)

Speaker of the House: William Allan Oldfield (SF)


32nd Congress

February 18, 1924-February 18, 1926

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Southern Farmer's Total
Senate 8 20 28
House of Representatives 61 189 250


Gains:

Senate: Southern Farmer's +2

House: Confederate +18, Southern Farmer's +14


Leadership

President of the Senate: James F. Byrnes (SF)

Speaker of the House: William Allan Oldfield (SF)


33rd Congress

February 18, 1926-February 18, 1928

Senate

House


Membership

Confederate Southern Farmer's Total
Senate 11 17 28
House of Representatives 88 162 250


Gains:

Senate: Confederate +3

House: Confederate +27


Leadership

President of the Senate: James F. Byrnes (SF)

Speaker of the House: William Allan Oldfield (SF)


34th Congress

February 18, 1928-February 18, 1930

Senate

House


Membership

American Unity Confederate Southern Total
Senate 4 7 21 32
House of Representatives 27 49 203 279


Gains:

Senate: American Unity +4, Southern +4

House: Southern +41, American Unity +27


Leadership

President of the Senate: Theodore G. Bilbo (S)

Speaker of the House:

William Allan Oldfield (S), until November 19, 1928 [Died]

Jo Byrns (S)


35th Congress

February 18, 1930-February 18, 1932

Senate

House


Membership

American Unity Confederate Southern Total
Senate 4 9 19 32
House of Representatives 26 63 190 279


Gains:

Senate: Confederate +2

House: Confederate +14


Leadership

President of the Senate: Theodore G. Bilbo (S)

Speaker of the House: Jo Byrns (S)


36th Congress

February 18, 1932-February 18, 1934

Senate

House


Membership

American Unity Confederate New Dixie Southern Total
Senate 4 5 1 22 32
House of Representatives 53 39 10 229 331


Gains:

Senate: Southern +3, New Dixie +1

House: Southern +39, American Unity +27, New Dixie +10


Leadership

President of the Senate: Theodore G. Bilbo (S)

Speaker of the House: Jo Byrns (S)


37th Congress

February 18, 1934-February 18, 1936

Senate

House


Membership

American Unity Confederate New Dixie Southern Total
Senate 4 2 3 23 32
House of Representatives 54 21 26 230 331


Gains:

Senate: New Dixie +2, Southern +1

House: New Dixie +16, American Unity +1, Southern +1


Leadership

President of the Senate: Huey Long (S)

Speaker of the House: Jo Byrns (S)


38th Congress

February 18, 1936-February 18, 1938

Senate

House


Membership

American Unity New Dixie Southern Total
Senate 4 5 23 32
House of Representatives 51 47 233 331


Gains:

Senate: New Dixie +2

House: New Dixie +21, Southern +3


Leadership

President of the Senate: Huey Long (S), until May 31, 1937 [Ascended to Presidency]

Speaker of the House:

Jo Byrns (S), until June 4, 1936 [Died]

William B. Bankhead (S)



Lists

Presidents of the Senate: See here.



Speakers of the House of Representatives
No. Name Took Office Left Office State Party
1 Thomas Bocock February 18, 1862 February 18, 1868 Virginia Nonpartisan
2 William Dunlap Simpson February 18, 1868 February 18, 1872 South Carolina Nonpartisan
3 John DeWitt Clinton Atkins February 20, 1872 November 15, 1876 Tennessee Nonpartisan
4 Hiram Parks Bell November 15, 1876 August 12, 1882 Georgia Southern
5 Hilary A. Herbert August 22, 1882 February 18, 1884 Alabama Southern
6 Charles F. Crisp February 19, 1884 February 18, 1888 Georgia Confederate
7 Joseph Abbott February 18, 1888 February 18, 1892 Texas Southern
6 Charles F. Crisp February 20, 1892 October 23, 1896 Georgia Confederate
8 David B. Culberson December 10, 1896 February 18, 1898 Texas Confederate
9 John Sharp Williams November 26, 1898 February 23, 1902 Mississippi Southern
10 James D. Richardson October 11, 1902 February 17, 1904 Tennessee Confederate
11 James Hay April 1, 1904 February 17, 1910 Virginia Confederate
12 Joseph Taylor Robinson October 2, 1910 January 14, 1913 Arkansas People's Agrarian
13 Carter Glass February 16, 1913 February 17, 1914 Virginia People's Agrarian
11 James Hay May 29, 1914 October 1, 1916 Virginia Confederate
14 Edward W. Saunders March 2, 1917 December 16, 1921 Virginia Confederate
15 Sam Rayburn December 19, 1921 February 18, 1922 Texas Confederate
16 William Allan Oldfield February 18, 1922 November 19, 1928 Arkansas Southern Farmer's
17 Jo Byrns November 19, 1928 June 4, 1936 Tennessee Southern
18 William B. Bankhead June 4, 1936 (1936+) Alabama Southern


Control


Senate
Congress Party in Control
1864-1866 Nonpartisan
1866-1868 Nonpartisan
1868-1870 Nonpartisan
1870-1872 Nonpartisan
1872-1874 Nonpartisan
1874-1876 Nonpartisan
1876-1878 Southern
1878-1880 Southern
1880-1882 Southern
1882-84 Southern
1884-86 None
1886-88 Confederate
1888-90 Confederate
1890-92 Southern
1892-94 Confederate
1894-96 Confederate
1896-98 Confederate
1898-1900 Southern
1900-02 Confederate
1902-04 Confederate
1904-06 Confederate
1906-08 Confederate
1908-10 Confederate
1910-12 People's Agrarian
1912-14 None
1914-16 Confederate
1916-18 Confederate
1918-20 Confederate
1920-22 None
1922-24 Southern Farmer's
1924-26 Southern Farmer's
1926-28 Southern Farmer's
1928-30 Southern
1930-32 Southern
1932-34 Southern
1934-36 Southern
1936-38 Southern

House of Representatives
Congress Party in Control
1864-1866 Nonpartisan
1866-1868 Nonpartisan
1868-1870 Nonpartisan
1870-1872 Nonpartisan
1872-1874 Nonpartisan
1874-1876 Nonpartisan
1876-1878 Southern
1878-1880 Southern
1880-1882 Southern
1882-1884 Southern
1884-1886 Confederate
1886-1888 Confederate
1888-1890 Southern
1890-1892 Southern
1892-1894 Confederate
1894-1896 Confederate
1896-1898 Confederate
1898-1900 Southern
1900-02 Southern
1902-04 Southern
1904-06 Confederate
1906-08 Confederate
1908-10 Confederate
1910-12 People's Agrarian
1912-14 People's Agrarian
1914-16 Confederate
1916-18 Confederate
1918-20 Confederate
1920-22 Confederate
1922-24 Southern Farmer's
1924-26 Southern Farmer's
1926-28 Southern Farmer's
1928-30 Southern
1930-32 Southern
1932-34 Southern
1934-36 Southern
1936-38 Southern
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