Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow) is a dependency of Great Britain, consisting of a peninsula to the southwest of England, with the English Channel to its south and an arm of sea separating it from Wales: the archipelago of the Isles of Scilly are also a part of Cornwall. It is characterized by rocky uplands in the interior and sheer cliffs on the ocean. Cornwall has been inhabited since antiquity by Celtic peoples, before becoming a part of the kingdom of England: it was made into a dependancy after the establishment of the Commonwealth.
Apart from English, Cornish, a Celtic language, also has official status. The economy of the region depends largely on agriculture and fishing, while industrialization is fairly limited with the exception of numerous mines, also very important for Cornish economy.