Crown Colony of New Caledonia
Colony of the Cygnian Empire
1853 – 1946 Eureka Flag.svg
Eureka Flag.svg Coat of arms of Cygnia.png
Flag Coat of arms
Deus Meumque Jus (Latin)
God and My Right
God Save the King
United States Navy Band - God Save the Queen
Capital New Manchester
Languages English
Government Crown Colony
 -  1853 – 1901 Victoria
 - 1936 – 1946 George IV
 - 1853 – 1954 Augustus F. Despointes
 - 1944 – 1946 Jack Talleck
 -  Colony established 24 September 1853
 -  Territory status granted 27 October 1946
Currency Cygnian Pound
Today part of Eureka Flag Cygnia
 Flag of New Caledonia New Caledonia

The Crown Colony of New Caledonia was a Crown colony that existed from 1853 to 1946. It was proclaimed on 24 September 1853 by Cygnian Admiral Augustus F. Despointes, who became the first Governor of the Colony. Initially a penal colony, free settlers were attracted to New Caledonia beginning in the 1860s after the discovery of nickel. During World War III, New Caledonia served as an important base for Allied operations in the Pacific. Following the end of the war, the Cygnian government began a major restructuring of the Empire's colonial possessions, and New Caledonia was granted Territorial status on 27 October 1946, and with it increased autonomy.

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