Currency is a medium of exchange widely used for the purchase of goods and services and usually backed up or endorsed by a government.

List of currencies

This is a list of all known currencies within the Principia Moderni IV universe, sorted by region and relevance to other coins. You may add your own nation's currency or update it if this information is outdated. Do not remove currencies no longer in use; they are kept for archival purposes.

Ottoman akçe

The silver akçe is the standard monetary unit of the Ottoman Empire. Three akçes are equal to one para.

Epirote Phoenix (1406–1412)

The Phoenix was the standard currency of Epirus from 1406 until its conquest by the Ottomans in 1412. It was replaced by the Ottoman akçe.

Abbasid Dinar (1415)

The gold Dinar is the standard currency of the Abbasid Caliphate, minted with the seal of Muhammad. It is further subdivided into the silver Fils. The Dinar and Fils are backed by gold and silver mines in Upper Egypt.

Mogadishu dinar (1417–1447)

The copper dinar was the standard currency of Mogadishu from 1417 to 1447. It was inscribed with a calligraphy of Muhammad's name on the obverse, and the names of all Mogadishu sultans on the reverse. The dinar was made with copper from Kilwa. It was apparently replaced by the silver dinar in 1447.

Swahili silver dinar (1447)

The silver dinar is the standard currency of the Swahili Sultanate (earlier Mogadishu). It was established in Mogadishu in 1447. It retains the features of the copper dinar, but is backed by mines in Mtwara.

Gurkani Ashrafi

The gold Ashrafi is the standard currency of the Gurkani Sultanate, and is also used alongside Indian currency. It is equivalent to two mohurs.

Denomination mohur rupee dam
1 Ashrafi 2 30 1200
1 mohur 15 600
1 rupee 40

Dehlavi Rupee

The silver rupee is the standard currency of Delhi Raj. It is equivalent to 11.53 grams of silver. Fifteen rupees are equivalent to one gold mohur. The rupee is further subdivided into the copper dam, which is valued at 1/40 of a rupee.

Bahmani rupee

The silver rupee is the standard currency of the Bahmani Sultanate and Oman. It is identical in value and denominations to the Delhavi rupee.

Chinese tael

The silver tael is the official currency of the Ming Dynasty. It is subdivided into 1000 tongyi tongbao (also known as wen or cash), the general currency of China used for trade.

Japanese mon (1336)

The copper or iron mon is the standard currency of Japan. They are mostly imitations of Chinese wen coins, and are circulated alongside silver and gold ingots denominated in shu, bu and ryō.

Denomination bu shu mon
1 ryō 4 16 4000
1 bu 4 1000
1 shu 250

Bini zuruoke (1401)

The gold zuruoke is the standard currency of Benin, equivalent to 3.83 grams of gold. It is further subdivided into the mpempe (25.984 grams of silver) and the mina (3.248 grams of silver). The mina was established in 1432. As of 1434, it was estimated that the average yearly pay for a Bini subject was about 150 mina.

Bulgarian Lev (1472?)

The gold Lev is the standard currency of the Bulgarian Empire.

Austrian Pfund (1403)

The silver Pfund is the legal currency of Austria, based on one pound of silver. The Pfund is minted in silver bars, as well as a gold coin weighing six Drams (or one Geldmarke). It is further subdivided into three Markes, minted in gold, weighing two Drams. The Marke is subdivided into twenty-one silver Thaler of the same weight, and further into four Groschen, each weighing five Scrupels. The Groschen is finally subdivided into four Pfenning, minted with one Dram, three Scrupel of copper. Austrian currency is backed by silver mines in Tyrol. The coins are minted in Tyrol and Vienna.

Denomination Marke Thaler Groschen Pfenning
1 Pfund 3 63 252 1008
1 Marke 21 84 336
1 Thaler 4 16
1 Groschen 4

Iberian Real (1350)

The silver Real is the standard currency of Iberia, and was first introduced as the currency of Castile in the mid-14th century by Pedro I with the value of 3 maravedíes (silver and gold coins). It became the currency of the entire Iberian peninsula upon its unification in 1460. While Reales are the base currency, there are also other denominations: 8 Reales are equivalent to one silver Peso (also known as the Iberian Dollar), which weighs about 27.5 grams.

Denomination Real Maravedí
1 Peso 8 24
1 Real 3

Swedish Örtug (1370)

The silver Örtug is the standard currency of Sweden. It was originally minted as as silver coin in 1370 during the reign of King Abert of Sweden. As of 1508 the Örtug contains 0.8 grams of silver. An Örtug is one third of an Öre, 1/24 of a Mark, and 1/96 of a Daler.

Denomination Mark Öre Örtug Penning
1 Daler 4 32 96 768
1 Mark 8 24 192
1 Öre 3 24
1 Örtug 8

Khmer Riel (1691)

The Khmer Riel is the main currency of the Kingdom of Cambodia. It was created in 1691 at the order of King Bonaphum to create a central currency of the nation. The Khmer Riel has 6 other minted coins as the table shows below.

Denomination Khmer Riel Core Ore
1 Mokung 0.02 Aluminum
1 Gehngung 0.08 Aluminum+Zinc
1 Yurey 0.16 Copper
1 Rhybrey 0.32 Copper+Zinc
1 Heugun 0.64 Tin
1 Jikong 1.28 Silver+Zinc

Undocumented currencies

Undocumented currencies that must be expanded before they are added to the main list.

  • Danish silver coins?
  • Ryukyu currency? (1458)
  • Taiwanese currency? (1458)
  • Wichita copper currency?
  • Mehican Imperial Escudo (MIE-1801)


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