|Cygnian Revolution (Joan of What?)|
Cygnian Provisional Government
|Commanders and leaders|
The Cygnian Revolution or April Revolution was a civil conflict in the Empire of Cygnia at the height of the Third World War that resulted in the replacement of Cygnia's monarchy with a republic under the leadership of Chancellor John Curtin. The revolutionary period lasted from 8 May 1942 to 18 October 1943, when the imperial government was formally dissolved by the Provisional Government, which after the war was itself replaced by the modern United Cygnian States.
In January 1936, King George III of Cygnia died, leaving the Prince of Wales to succeed him as Edward II. Edward showed impatience with court protocol, and caused concern among politicians by his apparent disregard for established constitutional conventions. He frequently made political comments without the advice or consent of the government, and it quickly emerged that he held sympathies for the emergent Fascist government in Britain. In 1937, Supreme Leader Oswald Mosley invited the King to resume the British throne. Despite resistance from the Cygnian government, Edward accepted the invitation, and flew to London in October that year to be crowned as Edward VIII of the United Kingdom. From that point onward, Britain became the focus of Edward's attention, and he instead appointed his brother, Prince Albert, to act on his behalf as Governor General of Cygnia.
When Britain declared war on and invaded France in September 1939, King Edward and Supreme Leader Mosley demanded that the rest of the Empire, including Cygnia, follow them into the conflict. However, Congress voted to maintain neutrality, and refused to enter the war in Europe; Prince Albert rejected Edward's orders to intervene. Two years later, Japan, with the support of its British allies, invaded Cygnian Indochina, beginning the Pacific theatre of the war. Edward attempted to persuade Cygnia to accept the loss of Indochina, but the newly elected government of John Curtin refused to tolerate such betrayal. On 8 September 1941, Congress voted to declare war on Japan and Britain. The other realms of the Empire, including California, Louisiana and South Africa, also decided to enter the war on Cygnia's side.
On 3 April 1942, the Curtin government introduced a constitutional amendment to abolish the monarchy. It passed Congress, and was scheduled to be voted on in referendum in June. However, in the months intervening, the King hastily returned to Northam to reassert his authority. Loyalist elements of the Cygnian military, disgruntled by Congress' anti-monarchist policies, were on Edward's orders deployed to Federation Hall, in an attempt to arrest Members of Congress while they sat in session. They were stopped, however, by pro-government troops stationed by the Chancellery. The subsequent Battle of Northam is widely seen as the first of the Revolution.