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The Kingdom of Denmark (Danish: Kongeriget Danmark, German: Königreich Dänemark) is the southernmost Nordic country, occupying the Jutland Peninsula, the islands of Sjælland (excluding the exclusion zone around the former capital of Copenhagen), Funen, North Jutlandic Island, and other, smaller islands in the Baltic and North Sea. Denmark is a constitutional, hereditary monarchy and a parliamentary democracy and the current Prime Minister is Lars Løkke Rasmussen and the current Monarch is Queen Margarethe II. Denmark is a member of the Nordic Union , Atlantic Defense Community and League of Nations .
After Doomsday, Denmark struggled to rebuild their country following the nuclear attack on Copenhagen, nuclear fallout from across Europe and German refugees. However, the nations survived and on 26 September 1990 - joined with the government-controlled areas of Sweden, Finland, Iceland and Norway to form the Nordic Union. In 1989, contact was re-established with both Greenland and the Faeroe Islands; trade and the ties to the Danish crown were re-established, but both areas are de facto independent and members of the Nordic Union in their own right. Denmark is the main agricultural exporter of the Nordic Union, the major exports being poultry, pork, dairy products and grains.
The Kingdom of Denmark came into existence around the late eighth or early ninth centuries, under King Canute I or King Gorm the Old, although Gorm is considered to be the first King of Denmark to have legitimately exist. During the late viking age, Gorm's grandson and great grandson, Kings Sweyn I (Sweyn Forkbeard) and Canute II (Cnut the Great) would expand Danish territory and invade England and bring it under Danish domination. The Danish empire in the North Sea would fall apart under Canute's two sons.
Following the death of Canute III (best known as Harthacnut) in 1042, King Magnus the Good of Norway became King of Denmark and would rule until his death in the autumn of 1047. It was the only time in Danish history that Denmark was under the rule of a foreign king.
In 1047, Sweyn Estridsen, a grandson of King Sweyn I, came to the throne of Denmark. Sweyn would rule Denmark until his death in 1076, and he established the longest ruling dynasty until the ascension of the Oldenburg dynasty in 1448. Despite losing Canute the Great's empire, Denmark would expand her territory. Denmark's dominion would include Norway, Skånelandene, Iceland, the Faroe Islands, Greenland, Schleswig, and Holstein. Denmark would be in long disputes with Sweden and the Holy Roman Empire over the territories of Skånelandene, Schleswig, and Holstein. Denmark would lose Skånelandene (as well as Norway) to Sweden following the Napoleonic Wars and Schleswig-Holstein to the German states in the Second Schleswig War.After World War I, the Versailles powers offered to return the region of Schleswig-Holstein to Denmark. Denmark originally refused the offer, fearing German retribution, but eventually Northern Schleswig (Sønderjylland) was returned to Denmark.
In World War II, Nazi Germany invaded Denmark on 9 April 1940, and the Danish Government surrendered in two hours. Economic cooperation between Germany and Denmark continued until 1943, when the Danish government refused further cooperation and its navy sank most of Germany's ships and sent as many of their officers as they could to neutral Sweden. During the war, the Danish people were helpful to the Jewish minority, and the Danish Underground attempted to get as many of them as possible to Sweden. King Christian X would serve as a popular symbol to the Danish resistance, particularly because of the symbolic value of the fact that he rode every day through the streets of Copenhagen unaccompanied by guards. Christian would also finance the transport of Danish Jews to Sweden.
After the war, Denmark was a founding member of NATO and the United Nations, in 1973, along with Ireland and Great Britain, joined the European Economic Community after a public referendum.
At 1:15 AM. the Danish early warning radars in Multebjerg Radar Station detected a large number of Soviet ICBMs approaching the United States flying over the North Pole. This was later confirmed at 1:45 AM, and that warheads were heading for Western Europe.
At 1:58 AM, the Royal family, the cabinet and all members of the Danish parliament, escorted by troops of Her Majesty The Queen's Guard were evacuated from Copenhagen, heading for Slagelse. The quick evacuation had alarmed some inhabitants of Copenhagen, who also tried to flee the city before the bombs fell. Shortly thereafter, sirens were heard across the city, urging all inhabitants to go for the nearest shelter.
At 2:15 AM, Copenhagen was hit by a 500 KT ICBM, killing around 381,000 inhabitants instantly.
Electromagnetic Pulses (or EMP) from air-burst weapons destroyed some 70% of the electronics across the Northern Hemisphere. Most radios, televisions, telephone systems, and computers were rendered useless. The initial death toll following the first hours of conflict was estimated at 455,000 people killed in nuclear attacks on Copenhagen.
However, most people in the rural Jutland Peninsula did survive, due to the lower population density.
Aftermath, Joining the Nordic Union and Recontact
After the Danish government evacuated Copenhagen, they transferred the Danish capital to the city of Aarhus, the City Hall would function as the parliamentary headquarters and the Royal Family was moved into Marselisborg Palace, the Royal residence in Aarhus.
Denmark was lucky that a large part of the fallout from the Copenhagen attacks was blown out to the Baltic Sea, and didn't affect most of the rest of intact Denmark.
The government had two major crises that needed to be handled, the re-housing of refugees from the Copenhagen attacks and the refugees from Germany streaming across the border into Jutland, crowding cities like Sønderborg with German slums; threatening public safety in the south of the country.
Eventually, the pressure of caring for both Danish and German refugees was too much. The Danish government decided to close the German-Danish border and refuse to accept any more refugees, though they continued to send humanitarian aid to North Germany even after this point.
On 26 September 1990, Denmark formed the Nordic Union with the government-controlled areas of Norway, Sweden, Finland and Iceland. Denmark also opened its borders with the now stabilized nation of North Germany.
In 1989, Denmark re-established contact with Greenland. Greenland had for all intents and purposes been operating as an independent state, and both Denmark and Greenland; and later the Faeroe Islands, showed little interest in restoring the original arrangement. They re-established trade and ties to the Danish crown, but continue to be nominally independent to this day, including their own membership in the Nordic Union.
In 1997, Denmark helped the rest of the Nordic Union in fighting a war against Soviet Karelia and helped supply the bulk of NU aid to the PSSRR.
In the 2000s, Denmark has become a major trading power within the Nordic Union, as it is the southernmost member of the Union, and all goods coming to and from Europe by land have to come through Denmark. This is why Denmark is now known as "the Gateway to the North".
Many people from the other NU countries also come to work, study and retire in Denmark.
In 2005, Denmark gave some of its elite troops to the NU to form the Nordic Battle Group.
The Nordic Crown is used as the currency of all Nordic Union states, including Denmark. Each Crown is divided into 100 øre.
Since Doomsday, Denmark has become the "breadbasket" of the Nordic Union and much of Europe. It exports most of the NU's grains, dairy products, pork and poultry. North Germany is the largest importer of Danish agricultural products, but Denmark also exports much of their goods to Norway, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Estonia and East Poland.
Denmark has a large wind energy sector, it accounts for nearly 3% of Denmark's GDP. The surplus electricity is sold to Norway, Sweden and North Germany. Denmark also manufactures the worlds highest-quality and most efficient wind turbines.
Denmark also has a small aerospace and agricultural equipment manufacturing industry. They also outsource jobs to North Germany, because of the cheaper labor costs there than exist in the Nordic Union.
In 1992, the production of beer by Carlsberg and Tuborg was once again continued.
In 1995, the Lego Company restarted production of the famous Pre-Doomsday toy in Billund, using oil imported from fellow NU member Norway.
Denmark's major imports include mechanical, electrical and heavy industrial goods from Sweden, as well as electronics, timber and chemical products from Finland; oil, natural gas, hydropower and seafood from Norway, and pharmaceuticals and medical equipment from the Celtic Alliance.
The Kingdom of Denmark is a constitutional monarchy. The current monarch is Queen Margrethe II. As stated in the Danish Constitution, the monarchy is not answerable for its actions, having final word on all executive decisions. The monarch formally appoints and dismisses the prime minister and other ministers. The prime minister is customarily chosen through negotiation between the parliament party leaders.
Before being validated through royal assent, all bills and important government measures must be discussed in the privy council headed by the monarch. The Danish privy council's protocols are secret. Although the monarch is formally given executive power this power is ceremonial. The monarch is expected to be entirely apolitical and refrain from influencing the government.
Executive authority is exercised on behalf of the monarch by the prime minister and other cabinet ministers who head departments. The cabinet, prime minister and other ministers collectively make up the government.
The Folketing is the national legislature. It has the ultimate legislative authority according to the doctrine of parliamentary sovereignty. However, questions over sovereignty have been brought forward because of Denmark’s entry into the Nordic Union. In theory the doctrine prevails. Parliament consists of 179 members elected by proportional majority.
Parliamentary elections are held at least every four years, but it is within the powers of the prime minister to ask the monarch to call for an election before the term has elapsed. On a vote of no confidence, the parliament may force a single minister or the entire government to resign.
Anders Fogh Rasmussen from the Venstre party, a center-right liberal party was prime minister from November 2001 to April 2009. His government was a coalition consisting of Venstre and the Conservative People's Party, with parliamentary support from the national-conservative Danish People's Party. On 5 April 2009, Rasmussen resigned, leaving minister of finance and vice president of Venstre Lars Løkke Rasmussen to be the new prime minister.
The majority of people in Denmark are still the Danish, but many German refugees crossed over the border after Doomsday, increasing the number of Germans in Denmark. Many Swedish and Norwegians also emigrate to Denmark to work, study or retire.
Danish was the only official language of Denmark until 1993, when German was given official status as a second language due to lobbying by the German refugee community.
Swedish and Norwegian are also widely spoken, and many older Danes also speak English.
Most of the people of Denmark are Protestant Christian, especially of the Lutheran denomination. Roman Catholics of Denmark are led by the Archdiocese of Trondheim in Norway. Atheists, Jews and Muslims each have small numbers of followers within Denmark.
Denmark is the world's leading producer, consumer and exporter of wind power. Aarhus University is one of the world's leading researchers into solar energy.
Nuclear power is currently banned in Denmark, as are nuclear weapons and all forms of nuclear fission.
Denmark is also a large importer of hydroelectric power from Norway.
Coal used to be a large part of Danish energy production pre-Doomsday, but most of this coal was imported from the United States. With the demise of the old United States, American coal exports had ceased. But old coal-fired plants were reconfigured to burn natural gas imported from Norway. Natural gas is now the largest source of energy in Denmark.
The climate of Pre-Doomsday Denmark was quite mild; Denmark's mean temperature in the coldest month (February) was 0°C (32°F), with cold snaps down to -10°C (14°F) and in the warmest (July) 17°C (63°F), with rare heat waves up to 20°C (68°F). Rain in Denmark came on a regular basis year-round, there were no true dry periods. The annual rain fall in Denmark averages 61 cm (24 in) of precipitation. Snow was rare, maybe 2-4 cm (0.7-1.5 inches) fell per year, and it melted rather quickly.
The summer temperature has risen slightly, to 21°C (70°F) on average, with heat waves up to 26°C (78°F), but the winter temperature has dropped to an average of -5°C (23°F), with cold snaps down to -15°C (5°F). Rainfall patterns have made Denmark slightly wetter, it now averages 74 cm (30 inches) of rain annually. Snow now falls in the winter more frequently, and stays for longer periods of time, 0.6-1.2 Meters (2-3 Feet) fall annually, though its rare to have all that snow fall at once or stay on the ground more than a week.
Education is mandatory for every Danish child from age five until age sixteen. After which they can either enter the workforce or continue education until they are 18.
All Danish citizens are offered a bursary, to help with the students education, which the student will pay back upon completion of their education.
Aarhus University is the leading university in Denmark, established in 1928.
Denmark is served by the Nordic Union's NRK, based in Norway. TV broadcasts started in Aarhus in early 2009, and are now in all the major cities. The channel broadcasts from 7am-9pm, and most programming is imported from Celtic Alliance, South America and Oceania.
Radio is a major form of mass media in Denmark, the NRK dominates the media market -
NRK DP1 - Broadcasts Local News, Talk and Music, and has regional stations throughout Denmark.
NRK DP2 - Broadcasts News, Talk and Sports. It is the National Station.
NRK DP3 - Top-40, Entertainment.
There are also local, commercial stations throughout Denmark, each with an emphasis on local affairs and audience.
Danish culture is a Scandinavian culture, similar to that of its neighbor's Sweden and Norway. But with the influx of Germans after Doomsday, German culture has played a greater role in Denmark.
The most popular sport in Denmark is football (soccer), and Denmark is a provisional member of FIFA.
It is not on such good terms with Soviet Karelia, West Poland. or the Socialist Union, regarding the Nordic Union's position of supporting the other Soviet successor states (in what Siberia considers its territory), the USSR maintaining a nuclear arsenal and disapproval of their communist governments.
Following the Prussian invasion of Pomerania and Kaliningrad, Denmark severed all ties with the kingdom which were previously on good terms. Fearing Prussian expansion, the Danish government constructed a border wall along the south and cut off all relations with Prussia. Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen issued a final statement to Prussia, condemning the military intervention.
Denmark is also a member of the Atlantic Defense Community and League of Nations.