Alternative History
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List of sovereign and non-sovereign nations with more information such as national symbols, government and leadership, capital, and year of formation.

For a more simple list with maps, see List of nations.

Sovereign states

Europe

Full name

Native name(s)

Emblems Capital Leadership Government Formation
Flag Arms/
Seal
Head of State Head of Government
Sovereign Kingdom of Andorra

Regne Sobirà d’Andorra

Andorra vlag 1939 2.svg Coat of Arms of Andorra - Flag Version (1931-1949).png Andorra la Vella King
Jean

Head Bishop

Joan Enric Vives i Sicília

Unitary semi-constitutional monarchy 1278
Empire of Austria-Hungary

Reyke af Ostria-Ungarn

Flag of Austria-Hungary (1869-1918).svg Austria-Hungary transparency.png Vienna

Budapest

Kaiser/Apostolic King

Rudolf II

Prime Minister

Šefik Džaferovic

Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy 1867
Kingdom of Belgium

Royaume de Belgique

Koninkrijk België

Flag of Belgium.svg Greater Coat of Arms of Belgium.svg Brussels King

Frederick III

Prime Minister

Sophie Wilmes

Unitary constitutional popular monarchy 1830
Kingdom of Bulgaria

Царство България

Flag of Bulgaria.svg Coat of Arms of Bulgaria (1881-1927).png Sofia Tsar

Simeon II

Prime Minister

Boyko Borissov

Unitary semi-constitutional monarchy 1975
Kingdom of Byzantium

Βασίλειο του Βυζαντίου

Flag of Byzantium (with B).png Surviving byzantine empire coat of arms by regicollis d9f2h7y-fullview.png Constantinople King

Constantine XVI

Prime Minister

Athena Palaeologa

Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy 1805
Kingdom of Denmark

Kongeriget Danmark

Flag of Denmark.svg

National Coat of arms of Denmark.svg Copenhagen King

Paul II

Prime Minister

Mette Frederiksen

Unitary constitutional parliamentary monarchy 1935
Principality of Elba

Principato d'Elba

Principauté d'Elbe

600px-Bandiera Elba.svg.png

800px-Grand Coat of Arms of Napoleon Bonaparte as King of Elbe.svg.png Portoferraio Prince

Napoleon VII

Mayor

Andrea Benini

Unitary absolute principality; Bonapartist monarchy 1814
Kingdom of Estonia

Eesti Kuningriik

Estonia-nordic-cross-flag-2.svg Coat of Arms of Estonia with crown.png Tallinn King

Friedrich II

Prime Minister

Jüri Ratas

Unitary constitutional parliamentary monarchy 1975
Republic of Finland

Suomen tasavalta

Flag of Finland.svg Coat of arms of Finland.svg Helsinki President

Sauli Niinistö

Prime Minister

Sanna Marin

Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic 1919
Third French Republic

République Français

Flag of France.svg Coat of arms of the French Third Republic.svg Paris President

Jean-Luc Mélenchon

Prime Minister

Jean Castex

Unitary constitutional semi-presidential republic 1918
German Empire

Deutsches Reich

Flag of the German Empire.svg German Coat of Arms.png Berlin Kaiser

Wilhelm VI

Chancellor

Angela Merkel

Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy 1871
Republic of Iceland

Lýðveldið Ísland

Flag of Iceland.svg Coat of arms of Iceland.svg Reykjavik President

Óttarr Proppé

Prime Minister

Sigurður Ingi Jóhannesson

Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic 1918
Republic of Ireland

Éire

Kingdom of Ireland Flag.png Coat of arms of Ireland.svg Dublin President

Arlene Foster

Unitary presidential constitutional republic 2014
Kingdom of Italy

Regno d'Italia

Flag of Italy (1861-1946) crowned.svg Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Italy (1890).svg Florence King

Aimone

Prime Minister

Giuseppe Conte

Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy 1861
Latvian Republic

Latvijas Republika

Flag of Latvia.svg Coat of arms of Latvia.svg Riga President

Egils Letvis

Prime Minister

Arturs Krišjānis Kariņš

Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic 1975
Principality of Liechtenstein

Fürstentum Liechtenstein

Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Staatswappen-Liechtensteins.svg Vaduz Prince

Hans Adam II

Unitary absolute principality 1866
State of Lithuania

Lietuvos Valstybė

Flag of Lithuania.svg Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg Vilnius President

Gitanas Nausėda

Prime Minister

Saulius Skvernelis

Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic 1975
Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg

Flag of Luxembourg.png Coat of Arms of Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg Grand Duke

Henri

Prime Minister

Xavier Bettel

Unitary constitutional parliamentary monarchy 1867
Principality of Monaco

Principauté de Monaco

Flag of Monaco.svg Coat of Arms of Monaco.svg Monaco Prince

Albert II

Minister of State

Pierre Dartout

Unitary constitutional principality 1297
Kingdom of Montenegro

Краљевина Црна Гора

Flag of the Kingdom of Montenegro.svg Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Montenegro.svg Cetinje King

Milo II

Prime Minister

Duško Marković

Unitary constitutional parliamentary monarchy 1920
Kingdom of the Netherlands

Koninkrijk der Nederland

Netherlands Flag.png Coat of arms of the Netherlands.png Amsterdam King

Bernard II

Prime Minister

Marke Rutte

Unitary constitutional parliamentary monarchy 1648
Kingdom of Norway

Kongeriket Norge

Norway Flag.jpg Coat of arms of Norway.svg Oslo King

Harald V

Prime Minister

Erna Solberg

Unitary constitutional parliamentary monarchy 1905
State of Poland

Państwo Polska

Панство Польска

Poland Flag.png Poland-coa-new.png Warsaw President

Andrzej Duda

Prime Minister

Mateusz Morawiecki

Federal parliamentary republic 1975
Kingdom of Portugal

Reino de Portugal

Flag Portugal (1830).svg Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Portugal 1640-1910 (3).svg Lisbon King

Manuel IV

Prime Minister

António Costa

Unitary constitutional parliamentary monarchy 1128
Kingdom of Romania

Regatul României

Romanian Flag.png Kingdom of Romania - Big CoA.svg Bucharest Queen

Margretha

Prime Minister

Ludovic Orban

Unitary constitutional parliamentary monarchy 1975
The Holy City of Rome

Città Santa di Roma

Flag of the Vatican City svg.png Coat of arms of the Vatican City.png Rome Pope

Zosimus II

Unitary absolute papist monarchy 1929
Russian Federation

Российская Федерация

Flag of Russia.svg Coat of Arms of the Russian Federation 2.svg Moscow President

Alexei Anatolievich Navalny

Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic 1975
Most Serene Republic of San Marino

Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino

Flag of San Marino.svg Coat of arms of San Marino.svg San Marino Captains Regent

Gian Carlo Venturini

Marco Nicolini

Unitary parliamentary diarchic republic 330
Republic of Scotland

Poblachd na h-Alba

Flag of Scotland (traditional).svg Royal Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland.svg Edinburg President

Nicola Sturgeon

Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic 2014
Kingdom of Serbia

Краљевина Србија

State Flag of Serbia (1882-1918).svg Royal Coat of arms of Serbia (1882–1918).svg Belgrade King

Alexander II

Prime Minister

Ana Brnabić

Unitary constitutional parliamentary monarchy 1975
Kingdom of Spain

Reino de España

Flag of Spain (Differently).png Coat of Arms of Spain.svg Madrid Queen

Isabel

Prime Minister

Pedro Sánchez

Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy 1516
Kingdom of Sweden

Konungariket Sverige

Flag of Sweden.svg Great coat of arms of Sweden.svg Stockholm King

Gustav VI

Prime Minister

Stefan Löfven

Unitary constitutional parliamentary monarchy 1397
Swiss Confederation

Confoederatio Helvetica

Swissflag.png Coat of Arms of Switzerland.svg Bern Federal Chancellor

Walter Thurnherr

Prime Minister

Ueli Maurer

Confederal constitutional directorial republic 1291
United Kingdom of England, Wales, and Northern Ireland Flag of Great Britain without Scotland (vector).svg UK royal ns.png London King

William V

Prime Minister

Edward John Izzard

Unitary constitutional parliamentary monarchy 2014

Americas

North America

Full name Emblems Capital Leadership Government Formation
Flag Arms/
Seal
Head of State/

Representative

Head of Government
Dominion of Belize

Dominio u Belice

Flag of Belize.svg Coat of arms of Belize.svg Belmopan King
William V
Governor-General

Colville Young

Prime Minister

Johnny Briceño

Unitary constitutional Commonwealth monarchy 1981
Dominion of Canada Flag of Canada.svg Coat of arms of Manitoba.svg Saskatoon King
William V
Governor-General

Julie Payette

Prime Minister

Michael Ignatieff

Federal constitutional Commonwealth monarchy 1867
Confederate States of America Flag of the Confederate States of America (March 1861 – May 1861).svg Seal of the Confederate States of America.svg Richmond President

Marco Rubio

Confederal presidential constitutional republic 1861
Federal Republic of Central America

República Federal de Centroamérica

Flag of the Federal Republic of Central America.svg Escudo de la República Federal de Centro América.svg San Salvador President
Daniel Ortega
Federal presidential constitutional republic 1823
Kingdom of Johannia

Kunghede af Johannia

Flag of Johannia.png Lesser Coat of arms of Liechtenstein.png New Vaduz King

Alois II

Prime Minister

Bob Sivertsen

Unitary constitutional parliamentary monarchy 1867
United Mexican States

Estados Unidos Mexicanos

Mexico flag, 1893-1916.png Coat of arms of Mexico (1893-1916).png Mexico City President

Josefina Vázquez Mota

Federal presidential constitutional republic 1810
Republic of Quebec

République du Québec

Flag of Quebec.svg Coat of arms of Québec.svg Quebec City President

J. Michel Doyon

Premier

François Legault

Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic 1926
United States of America US flag 35 stars.svg Great Seal of the United States (obverse).svg Washington D.C President

Mike Pence

Federal presidential constitutional republic 1783

Caribbean

Full name Emblems Capital Leadership Government Formation
Flag Arms/
Seal
Head of State Head of Government
Commonwealth of
Bahamas
Flag of the Bahamas.svg Coat of arms of the Bahamas.svg Nassau King

William V

Governor-General

Sir Cornelius A. Smith

Prime Minister

Hubert Minnis

Unitary constitutional Commonwealth monarchy 1973
Caribbean Federation Caribbean Federation flag.png Coat of arms of Grenada.svg Bridgetown King

William V

Governor-General

Cécile La Grenade

Prime Minister

Gaston Alfonso Browne

Federal constitutional Commonwealth monarchy 1926
Kingdom of Haiti

Royaume d'Haïti

Flag of Haiti (1811–1814).png Coat of arms of Kingdom of Haiti.svg.png Port-au-Prince Queen

Angelique

Prime Minister

Joseph Jouthe

Unitary parliamentary monarchy 1792
People's Republic of Jamaica Communist Jamaica alternate flag.png Communist Jamaica seal.png Kingston First Secretary of the Communist Party

Mark Golding

Unitary one-party Marxist-Leninist state 1956

South America

Full name Emblems Capital Leadership Government Formation
Flag Arms/
Seal
Head of State Head of Government
Argentine Republic

República Argentina

Flag of Argentina (1818).svg Coat of arms of Argentina.svg Buenos Aires President

Alberto Fernandez

Unitary presidential republic 1816
Plurinational State of Bolivia

Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia

Flag of Bolivia (state).svg Coat of arms of Bolivia.svg La Paz

Sucre

President

Jeanine Añez

First Minister

Evo Morales

Unitary parliamentary republic 1825
Empire of Brazil

Império do Brasil

Flag of Brazil (1870–1889).svg Brazil coat of arms.jpg Brasilia Emperor

Luiz

Prime Minister

Soraya Thronicke

Federal constitutional monarchy 1822
United Chilean States

Estados Unidos Chilenos

Flag of Chile (1812-1814, alternative).svg Chile emblem Differently.png Santiago Rey/Caudillo

Ricardo Martinez Menantau

Federal one-party parliamentary republic 1818
Bolivarian Republic of Colombia

República Bolivariana de Colombia

Colombia flag.png Coat of arms of Colombia.svg Bogota President

Iván Duque Márquez

Unitary presidential Semi-socialist republic 1820
Bolivarian Republic of Ecuador

República Bolivariana de Ecuador

Flag of Ecuador.svg Coat of arms of Ecuador.svg Quito President

Lenín Moreno

Unitary presidential republic 1830
Co-operative Republic of Guyana Flag of Guyana.svg Coat of arms of Guyana.svg Georgetown President

Irfaan Ali

Unitary presidential republic 1970
Republic of Paraguay

República del Paraguay

Tetã Paraguái

Flag of Paraguay.svg Coat of arms of Paraguay.svg Asuncion President

Mario Abdo Benítez

Unitary presidential republic 1811
Republic of Peru

República del Perú

Flag of Peru (1825 - 1950).svg Escudo nacional del Perú.svg Lima President

Francisco Sagasti

Prime Minister

Violeta Bermúdez

Federal parliamentary republic 1821
Republic of Suriname

Republiek Suriname

Flag of Suriname.svg Coat of arms of Suriname.svg Paramaribo President

Chan Santokhi

Unitary presidential republic 1975
United States of Venezuela

República de Venezuela

Flag of Venezuela (1863–1905).svg Coat of arms of Venezuela (1871).svg Caracas President

Juan Guaidó

Federal presidential republic 1830

Africa

North Africa

Full name Emblems Capital Leadership Government Formation
Flag Arms/
Seal
Head of State Head of Government
Republic of Berberia

Amaziɣ deg Agawej

Berber flag.svg Tifinagh Letter Yaz.svg Altava President

Abdelmadjid Tebboune

Federal one-party presidential republic TBD
Republic of Biafra Flag of Biafra.svg Coat of arms of Biafra.png Awka President

Willie Obiano

Unitary presidential constitutional republic 1960
Kingdom of Bornu

Maido ma Bornu

Bornu Differently.png

Coat of arms of Bornu (Differently).png East Ngazargamu Mai
Alauma II
Prime Minister

Simplice Sarandji

Unitary parliamentary monarchy 1370
Republic of Cameroon

République du Cameroun

Flag of Cameroon.png

Coat of arms of Cameroon.svg.png Yaounde President

Paul Biya

Unitary one-party presidential republic 1960
Republic of Central Sahel

République du Sahel Central

Flag of Chad.svg Coat of arms of Chad.svg Ville de Sahel President

Idriss Déby

Unitary presidential constitutional republic 1961
Carthaginian Republic

𐤒𐤓𐤕𐤟𐤇𐤃𐤔𐤕

Carthage Differently.jpg Coat of arms of Carthage (Differently).png Carthage

President

Tom Eyal

Premier

Keshet Arieh

Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic 1960
Kingdom of Cyrenaica

Ⲧⲉⲕⲙⲉⲧⲟⲩⲣⲟ

Flag of Cyrenaica Differently.jpg Coptic cross.svg Berenice King

Idris II

Prime Minister

Ahmed Maiteeq

Unitary parliamentary theocratic monarchy 1949
Alawite Republic of Djibouti

جمهورية جيبوتي

Djibouti Flag - Alawite.png Emblem of the African Union.svg Ali Sabieh President

Kadra Mahamoud Haid

Unitary presidential constitutional republic 1983
Kingdom of Egypt Flag of Egypt (Differently).png Coat of arms of Egypt (Differently).png Thebes Pharaoh

Nekauba II

Prime Minister

Tahemet Madbouly

Federal parliamentary monarchy 1882
Ethiopian Empire

የኢትዮጵያ ንጉሠ ነገሥት መንግሥተ

Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974).svg Imperial Coat of Arms of Ethiopia.png Addis Ababa Emperor

Amha Selassie

Prime Minister

Abiy Ahmed

Federal parliamentary Selassist monarchy 1270
Empire of Ghana

Wagadou

New flag of Ghana (Differently).png Seal of Ghana (Differently).png Koumbi Saleh

Ghana

Otumfuo II

Chief Minister

Bah Ndaw

Federal parliamentary monarchy 1062
Republic of Kanem

Republique Kanem

Abéché President

Albert Pahimi Padacké

Unitary presidential republic under a military dictatorship 1960
Kingdom of Mauretania

Reino de Mauritania

Flag of Mauretania (Differently).png Coat of arms of Mauretania.png Volubilis King

Henri

Prime Minister

Saadeddine Othmani

Unitary parliamentary monarchy TBD
Sultanate of Sokoto

ولة الخلافة في بلاد السودان‎

Flag of the Sokoto Caliphate.png Hausa symbol.png Sokoto Sultan

Muhammadu Sa'ad Abubakar

Grand Vizier

Aminu Waziri Tambuwal

Unitary semi-absoltue theocratic monarchy 1804
Confederation of Somalia Alternate flag of federal republic of somalia by resistance pencil-daq4ttn.jpg Coat of arms of Somalia.svg Mogadishu President

Ilhan Omar

Confederal presidential constitutional republic 2005
Tuareg Confederation

ⴾⵍⵜⵎⴰⵣⵗⵜ

Flag of The Tuareg People.jpg Tuareg Emblem.png Timbuktu President

Bilal Ag Acherif

Confederal presidential constitutional republic 1955

Southern Africa

Full name Emblems Capital Leadership Government Formation
Flag Arms/
Seal
Head of State Head of Government
State of Avizia

Estado de Avízia

Flag of Avizia.png Coat of arms of Avizia.png Aviz Leader
João Lourenço
Unitary Swartist presidential republic 1961
Boer Republic of the Cape

Boere Republiek van Kaap

Flag of South Africa (1928–1994).svg 505px-Coat of arms of South Africa (1932–2000).svg.png Cape Town Supreme Guide of the Nation

Marthinus van Schalkwyk

Unitary Swartist presidential republic 1987
Republic of Comoros

Republique des Comores

Comoros Differently.png Seal of the Comoros.svg Njazidja President

Azali Assoumani

Unitary presidential constitutional republic 1975
Swartist Republic of Congo

(Congo-Elizabethville)

Swartiste République du Congo

Swartistische Republiek Congo

3rd Republic of Congo-Elizabethville Flag Differently.png Coat of Arms of Congo-Elizabethville.png Elizabethville Supreme Leader

Joseph Wahis

Unitary Swartist presidential republic 1960
Democratic Republic of the Congo

(Congo-Kinshasa)

République Démocratique du Congo

Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Coat of arms of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2003-2006).svg Kinshasa

President

Félix Tshisekedi

Unitary presidential constitutional republic 1960
Republic of the French Equator

République du Équateur

Flag of Gabon.svg Coat of arms of Gabon.png Libreville President

Denis Sassou Nguesso

Unitary presidential constitutional republic 1960
Republic of Mbini

República de Mbini

Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg Coat of arms of Equatorial Guinea.svg Malabo President

Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo

Prime Minister

Francisco Pascual Obama Asue

Unitary presidential constitutional republic 1968
Democratic Republic of Kenya Kenyan Star.png Coat of arms of Kenya (Differently).png Nairobi

President

Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o

Unitary Marxist-Bernsteinist

presidential

Republic

2021
Imerina Kingdom of Madagascar

Imerina Fanjakan'i Madagascar

Flag of the Merina people.png Merina symbol.png Antananarivo Queen

Ramasindrazana II

Prime Minister

Christian Ntsay

Unitary constitutional monarchy 1960
Republic of Mauritius

République de Maurice

Flag of Mauritius.svg

429px-Coat of arms of Mauritius.png Port Louis President

Prithvirajsing Roopun

Unitary presidential constitutional republic 1968
Republic of Mozambique

República de Moçambique

Flag of RENAMO.png Symbol of RENAMO Mozambique.png Maputo President

Ossufo Momade

Unitary parliamentary republic 1975
Federation of Mutapa

I-Federation Mutapa

Umanyano Mutapa

New Zulu Kingdom.png Coat of arms of South Africa.svg Pretoria King

Seeiso Bereng

Prime Minister

Cyril Ramaphosa

Federal parliamentary elective monarchy 1987
Republic of Namibia Flag of Namibia.svg Coat of Arms of Namibia.svg Windhoek President

Hage Geingob

Prime Minister

Nangolo Mbumba

Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic 1991
Republic of Nyasaland

Dziko la Malaŵi

Flag of Malawi.svg Coat of arms of Nyasaland.png Lilongwe

President

Lazarus Chakwera

Unitary presidential constitutional republic 1964
Kingdom of Rwanda

Ufalme wa Rwanda

Flag Rwanda 1959.svg

Royal Rwanda Coat.JPG

Kivu King

Emmanuel I

Prime Minister

Édouard Ngirente

Unitary parliamentary monarchy 1962
Republic of Seychelles

République des Seychelles

Repiblik Sesel

Flag of Seychelles.svg Coat of arms of the Seychelles.svg Victoria President

Wavel Ramkalawan

Unitary presidential constitutional republic 1976
United Republic of Tanzania

Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania

Flag of Tanzania.svg Coat of arms of Tanzania.svg Dodoma President

John Magufuli

Prime Minister

Kassim Majaliwa

Federal parliamentary constitutional republic 1961
Republic of Uganda

Jamhuri ya Uganda

Flag of Uganda.svg Coat of arms of the Republic of Uganda.svg Kampala President

Yoweri Museveni

Unitary presidential constitutional republic 1962
State of Warrenia Flag of Warrenia.png Coat of Arms of Botswana.svg Rhodes City Supreme Guide of the Nation

James Morrow

Unitary Swartist presidential republic 1966
Republic of Zambia Flag of Zambia.svg Coat of Arms of Zambia.png Lusaka

President

Edgar Lungu

Unitary presidential republic 1964
Republic of Zimbabwe Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe Bird.svg Harare President

Emmerson Mnangagwa

Unitary one-party presidential republic 1980

Asia

West and Central Asia

Full name Emblems Capital Leadership Government Formation
Flag Arms/
Seal
Head of State Head of Government
Kingdom of Arabia

المملكة السعودية

Flag of the Arab League.svg Emblem of Saudi Arabia.svg Ha'il King

Abdulaziz bin Rashidi

Federal absolute monarchy 1922
Republic of Armenia

Հայաստանի Հանրապետություն

Flag of Armenia.svg Coat of arms of Armenia.svg Yerevan President

Armen Sarkissian

Prime Minister

Nikol Pashinyan

Unitary semi-presidential republic 1975
Republic of Azerbaijan

Azərbaycan Respublikası

Azerbaijan Differently.png Emblem of Azerbaijan (Differently).png Baku President

Ilham Aliyev

Prime Minister

Ali Asadov

Unitary semi-presidential republic 1975
Second State of Chagatai
(Kyrgyzstan)

Чагатай мамлекети

Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Emblem of Kyrgyzstan.svg.png Bishkek President

Sooronbay Jeenbekov

Head Patriarch

Mukhammedkalyi Abylgaziev

Unitary one-party Zoroastrian theocratic republic 1975
Federal Democratic Republic of Persia
(East Persia)

پارس شرقی

Flag of East Persia (Differently).png Coat of arms of Iran (SwHF).png Kabul

President

Ashraf Ghani

Federal presidential republic 1975
Bagrationi Kingdom of Georgia

საქართველოს ბაგრატიონის სამეფო

Flag of Georgia.svg Greater coat of arms of Georgia.svg Tbilisi King

David II

Prime Minister

Giorgi Gakharia

Unitary parliamentary monarchy 1975
Hasmonean Kingdom of Syria

ሃሽማዊ የሶርያ መንግሥት

The Republic of Mesopotamia by maxwasson.png

Syria-emblem.svg

Damascus King

Aristobulus II

Prime Minister

Benjamin Netanyahu

Unitary parliamentary monarchy 1882
Republic of Turkmenistan

Türkmenistan Respublikasy

Turkmenistan Differently.png Emblem of Turkmenistan (Differently).png Ashgabat President

Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow

Unitary presidential republic 1975
Republic of Uzbekistan

Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi

Flag of Uzbekistan (Differently).png Emblem of Uzbekistan (Differently).jpg Tashkent President

Shavkat Mirziyoyev

Prime Minister

Abdulla Aripov

Unitary semi-presidential republic 1975
Imperial State of Persia

(West Persia)

پارس غربی

West Persia Differently.png

Standard of Cyrus the Great (White).svg Tehran Shah

Yazdegerd II

Prime Minister

Hassan Rouhani

Federal constitutional monarchy 1951

East and Southeast Asia

Full name Emblems Capital Leadership Government Formation
Flag Arms/
Seal
Head of State Head of Government
Kingdom of Bhutan

འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ

Flag of Bhutan.svg Bhutan emblem.svg Thimphu King

Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck

Unitary absolute monarchy 1885
Kingdom of Cambodia

ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា

Third Kingdom of Cambodia.png Coat of arms of Cambodia.svg Phnom Penh

King

Norodom Sihamoni

Prime Minister

Duong Sam Ol

Unitary parliamentary monarchy 1953
Tamil Republic of Ceylon

ශ්‍රී ලංකා ජනරජය

இலங்கை குடியரசு

Flag of Ceylon.svg

Emblem of Sri Lanka.svg Colombo President

Gotabaya Rajapaksa

Prime Minister

Mahinda Rajapaksa

Unitary parliamentary republic 1948
Kingdom of Chapora

Reino de Chaporá

चापोराचे राज्य

Flag of Goa (Night of the Living Alternate History Map Game).png Coat of arms of Chapora.png Panaji King

Duarte II

Prime Minister

Pramod Sawant

Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy 1923
Great Chang Empire of China
大張中華帝國
大张中华帝国
Alternate flag of China (blue).jpg Twelve Symbols national emblem of China.svg Peking Emperor

Tailong Emperor

Prime Minister

Cai Ing-Wen

Federal constitutional monarchy 1912
East Turkestan Republic
(Uyghuristan)

Sherqiy Türkistan Jumhuriyiti

Zoroastrian Uyghuristan.png Coat of Arms of Uyghuristan (Differently).png Ürümqi President

Ghulam Osman Yaghma

Prime Minister

Salih Hudayar

Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic 1975
Commonwealth of Hong Kong

香港联邦

Hong Kong Bauhinia Flag (Navy Blue).png Coat of arms of Hong Kong (1959-1997).svg Hong Kong King

William V

Governor-General

Carrie Lam

Chief Secretary

Alan Leong

Unitary parliamentary commonwealth monarchy 1842
Republic of India

Bhārat Gaṇarājya

Flag of India.svg Emblem of India.svg New Delhi President

Ram Nath Kovind

Prime Minister

Narendra Modi

Unitary parliamentary republic 1946
Empire of Japan

にっぽんこうこく

Flag of Japan.svg Imperial Seal of Japan.svg Tokyo Emperor

Naruhito

Prime Minister

Shinzo Abe

Unitary parliamentary monarchy 1192
Great Korean Empire

Flag of Korea (1899).svg Imperial Seal of the Korean Empire.svg Seoul Emperor

Won

Prime Minister

Mun Jae-Yin

Unitary parliamentary monarchy 1910
Kingdom of Laos

ອານາຈັກລາວ

Flag of Laos (1952-1975).svg Royal Coat of Arms of Laos.svg Vientiane King

Soulivong Savang

Prime Minister

Thongloun Sisoulith

Unitary parliamentary monarchy 1953
Sovereign City of Macau

Soberana Cidade de Macau

澳門主權城市

Flag of Macau.svg Macau SAR Regional Emblem.svg Macau Grand Mayor

Ho Iat Seng

Unitary parliamentary republic under a directorial city-state 1999
Empire of Malaysia

Empayar Malaysia

1949 Malaya Flag Proposal 1.svg Malaysia Differently CoA.png Kuala Lumpur Yang-di-Pertuan Agong

Siddhartha V of Kelathan

Prime Minister

Muhyiddin Yassin

Federal elective monarchy 1957
Republic of Maldives

ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމްހޫރިއްޔާ

Flag of the Maldives until 1903.svg Coat of Arms of Maldives (Differently).png Male President

Ibrahim Mohamed Solih

Unitary presidential republic 1965
State of Manchuria

ᠮᠠᠨᠵᡠ ᡤᡠᡵᡠᠨ

Flag of the Emperor of Manchukuo.svg Emblem of the Emperor of Manchukuo.svg Mukden Khan

Yuquan

Prime Minister

Jin Pucong

Unitary constitutional monarchy 1950
Mongolian State
ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
Flag of Mongolia (Differently).png Coat of arms of Mongolia (1911–24).svg Ulaanbaatar Bogd Khan

10th Jebtsundamba Khutuktu

Regent

Nyamaagiin Enkhbold

Prime Minister

Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh

Federal semi-theocratic monarchy 1911
Republic of Myanmar

မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်

Flag of Myanmar.svg State seal of Myanmar.svg Rangoon President

Win Myint

Unitary one-party republic 1948
Kingdom of Nepal

नेपालको अधिराज्य

Flag of Nepal.svg Coat of arms of Nepal (1962–2008).svg.png Kathmandu King

Gyanendra

Prime Minister

K. P. Sharma Oli

Federal

parliamentary monarchy

1923
Sovereign Philippine Nation

Nación Filipina Soberana

Filipino Flag - Differently.png Seal of the Katipunan.png Manila President

Rodrigo Duerte

Unitary presidential republic 1898
Princely Confederation of Rajputana

राजपुताना की रियासत परिसंघ

Rajputana flag Differently.png Coat of Arms of Rajputana.png Jaipur Maha Raja

Mahendra Singh Mewar

Council of Representatives

Individual representatives from each Princely state

Confederal directorial constitutional monarchy 1955
Kingdom of Singapore

Kerajaan Singapura

Non-Muslim Singapore.png Johor Coat of Arms without Islamic references.png Singapore King

Eshin V

Prime Minister

Lee Hsien Loong

Unitary parliamentary monarchy 1965
Kingdom of Thailand

ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា

Flag of Thailand.svg Garuda Emblem of Thailand.svg Bangkok King

Rama X

Prime Minister

Yingluck Shinawatra

Unitary constitutional monarchy 1238
Kingdom of Tibet

བོད་

西藏

Flag of Tibet.svg Emblem of Tibet.svg Lhasa Dalai Lama

Tenzin Gyatso

Sikyong

Penpa Tsering

Unitary Buddhist theocratic constitutional monarchy 1950
Republic of Vietnam

Việt Nam Cộng Hòa

Flag of South Vietnam.svg Coat of Arms of South Vietnam (1963 - 1975).svg Saigon

President

Nguyen Phú Trọng

Unitary presidential republic 1975

Oceania

Full name Emblems Capital Leadership Government Formation
Flag Arms/
Seal
Head of State Head of Government
Republic of Aṉangu Uluru
Republic of Australia

Republiek Australië

Australia flag Differently.png Coat of arms of New Holland (Differently).png Canberra Head Councilor

Rik Ouwehand

Grand Pensionary

Klaas van Kooten

Federal parliamentary constitutional republic 1892
Free State of Hawaii

Moku'āina Ku'oko'a o Hawai'i

Kanaka Maoli flag.svg

Coat of Arms of the Republic of Hawaii.png Honolulu Aliʻi Mōʻī

Kirk Caldwell

Unitary presidential constitutional republic 1926
Kingdom of Fiji and Samoa

Matanitu e Viti i Samoa

Flag of the United Kingdom of Fiji 1871-1874.svg Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Fiji (1871-1874).svg Suva Ratu/O le Ao o le Malo

Epeli Nailatikau

Prime Minister

Frank Bainimarama

Unitary parliamentary monarchy 1987
Republic of Kiribati

Ribaberiki ni Kiribati

Flag of Kiribati.svg Coat of arms of Kiribati.svg South Tarawa President

Taneti Maamau

Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic 1979
Republic of the Marshall Islands

Aolepān Aorōkin Ṃajeḷ

Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg Marshall Islands.png Majuro President

David Kabua

Speaker

Kenneth Kedi

Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic 1986
Federated States of Micronesia Flag of Micronesia.svg Seal of the Federated States of Micronesia.svg Palikir President

David Panuelo

Prime Minister

Peter M. Christian

Federal assembly-independent republic 1986
Federation of Mystras Australis

Ομοσπονδία Μυστρᾶς Αυστραλίς

HD Mystras Australis Flag.png Byzantine Republic Seal.png Theodora President

Manolis Theodorellis

Federal constitutional presidential republic 1950
Kingdom of New Holland

Koninkrijk Nieuw Holland

Flag of New Holland (Differently).png Coat of arms of New Holland (Differently).png Willemsburg King
Willem III
Grand Pensionary

Klaas van Kooten

Unitary constitutional parliamentary monarchy 1890
Commonwealth of New Zealand

Aotearoa

Kyle Lockwood's New Zealand Flag (alt 1).svg Coat of arms of New Zealand.svg Wellington King

William V

Governor-General

Patsy Reddy

Prime Minister

Jacinda Ardern

Unitary constitutional Commonwealth monarchy 1840
United Commonwealth of Melanesia

Komonwel bilong Melanesia

Melanesia flag Differently.png

Emblem of Papua New Guinea.svg Port Moresby King

William V

Governor-General

Sir David Vunagi

Prime Minister

James Marape

Federal constitutional Commonwealth monarchy 1897
Commonwealth of Swania Flag of Western Australia.svg Coat of Arms of Western Australia.svg Swan River City King

William V

Governor-General

Kim Beazley

Prime Minister

Mark McGowan

Unitary constitutional Commonwealth monarchy 1910
Kingdom of Tonga

Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga

Flag of Tonga.svg Coat of arms of Tonga.svg Nukuʿalofa Tuʻi Kanokupolu

Tupou IV

Prime Minister

Bob Dadae

Unitary parliamentary monarchy 1970
Commonwealth of Tuvalu Flag of Tuvalu (1996–1997).svg Coat of arms of Tuvalu.svg Funafuti King

William V

Governor-General

Teniku Talesi Honolulu (Acting)

Prime Minister

Kausea Natano

Unitary constitutional Commonwealth monarchy 1978

Subnational states

Autonomous nations and governments that exist within sovereign legislatures.

Europe

Full name Emblems Capital Government Leadership Formation
Flag Arms/
Seal
Head of State Head of Government
Kingdoms and Lands represented by the Imperial Council

Cisleithania

Die im Reichsrat vertretenen Königreiche und Länder

Cisleithanien


Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy.svg

Coat of Arms of the Austrian Empire.png Vienna Unitary parliamentary monarchy within Austria-Hungary Monarch

Rudolf II

Prime Minister

Šefik Džaferovič

1867
Kingdom of Cornwall

Kernow

Flag of Cornwall.svg Cornwall.jpg Truro Constituent nation of the United Kingdom King

William V

Lewydh

Sheryll Murray

2010
Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen

Transleithania

Szent István Koronájának Országai

Lajtántúl

Kingdom Hungary flag.svg Coat of arms of the Lands of the Holy Hungarian Crown (1915-1918, 1919-1946; angels).svg Budapest Unitary parliamentary monarchy within Austria-Hungary

Monarch

Rudolf II

Prime Minister

Šefik Džaferovič

1867
Duchy of Orleans

Duché d'Orléans

Flag of the Kingdom of France (Long Live The Republic).png NicPMIV Arms of Louis XI of France (counter-seal).png Orleans Unitary absolute duchy within France

Duke

Henri

2020
Kingdom of Ulster

Ulaidh

Flag of Ulster.svg Coat of Arms of Northern Ireland.svg Belfast Constituent nation of the United Kingdom King

William V

First Minister

Arlene Foster

2020
Kingdom of Wales

Cymru

Flag of Wales.svg National Coat of Arms of Wales.jpg Cardiff Constituent nation of the United Kingdom King

William V

First Minister

Mark Drakeford

2018

Americas

Full name Emblems Capital Government Leadership Formation
Flag Arms/
Seal
Head of State Head of Government
Sapdom of Cusco

Qusqu

Flag of Cusco.svg Sun of May (Peru, 1822-1825).svg Cusco Unitary parliamentary monarchy within Peru Sapa

Apocatequil Aymaru

Prime Minister

Jean Paul Benavente Garcia

1957
Province of East Alaska

Восточная Аляска

Flag of Alaska.svg St. Basil Province of Canada Premier

Ivan Makarovich

1875
Territory of Winfield


Flag of Winfield.png Great Seal of the United States (obverse).svg Charleston Territory of the United States Governor

Jim Justice

1863

Asia

Full name Emblems Capital Government Leadership Formation
Flag Arms/
Seal
Head of State Head of Government
Turkic Theme

تم ترکی
(Türk Teması)

Seljukflag.png Seljuqs Eagle.svg Mergen Semi-Autonomous

Theme

within Byzantium

Governor

Eftichis Kormoglou

1952
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