This is an alternate timeline with several points of divergence, since ancient times up to the 21st century, which affect different areas of the world independently, the main focus being the continuation of several states and cultures that came to an end in our timeline. Many countries resist foreign invasions that would change everything, others never lose land that they would lose, others expand their territory, and some areas of the planet remain essentially the same. There are other kinds of changes, too, such as World War II never happening, Islamic terrorism never arising, Hitler becoming a thriving philosopher and mystic instead of a dictator, Steve Jobs and John Lennon being still alive, and Linux being the most widely used operating system.

Differently is a work in progress. Since I'm not much experienced in developing ATLs, you're welcome to help me and suggest changes, especially if you notice something implausible or unlikely. I want to improve this project as much as possible.

As an open collaborative project, anyone is welcome here. If you want to contribute to this ATL, please message me on my talk page. The following users are currently contributing to Differently:

We have only four golden rules:

  • Be plausible.
  • Be consistent with the rest of the timeline.
  • No aliens, magic, or similar unrealistic stuff.
  • No alternative geographies, such as fictional continents, fictional islands, or alternative climates (for example: the Sahara being green).

Besides the rules, there is also the recommendation of avoiding clichés. It's not mandatory, but is preferable to follow it. I know clichés are tempting and I myself use some, but we want to make this timeline feel really unique and different, and repeating the same tropes over and over again is boring.

Maps (present day)

See also: Historical maps


Political map of the world

Unique countries/associations and countries with different borders or other major divergence from our timeline are painted in this map according to a random colour scheme. Painted in olive are countries that are part of the "Germanic World".

Europe Differently painted

Europe with its unique countries highlighted


Blank version



  Catholic Church
  Eastern Christianity


Forms of government


Differently Languages - Indo-European

National languages - Indo-European


  Nordic (Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Icelandic)

  East Slavic (Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian)
  West Slavic (Polish, Slovak, Czech)
  South Slavic (Serbo-Croatian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian)
  Baltic (Latvian, Lithuanian)

  Iranian (Persian, Pashto, Kurdish)

  Indo-Aryan (Hindustani, Bengali, Punjabi)

  Other (Greek, Armenian)

  Other families

Differently Languages - other

National languages - Other

  Semitic (Punic, Egyptian, Syrian, Ge'ez, Amharic, Arabic)
  Other (Somali, Mauretan Berber, Tuareg, etc.)
  Bantu (Swahili, Zulu, Shona, etc.)
  Other (Yoruba, Igbo, Fulani, etc.)
  Other (Burmese, Bhutanese, Tibetan, etc.)
  Oghuz (Azeri, Turkmen)
  Kipchak (Kazakh, Kyrgyz, etc.)
  Dravidian (Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam)
  Austronesian (Malay, Malagasy, etc.)
  Other non-IE families


A timeline with a brief description of some main PoDs.

Ancient and medieval history
  • 30 BC: Egypt resists Roman invasion. The later Christian influence in the country is smaller and the traditional religion is more prevalent.
  • 640: The Sassanid Empire and the Arabs agree on a truce.
  • 642: Egypt resists the Muslim invasion. Islam does not expand beyond the Arabian Peninsula and the Horn of Africa. Over the centuries, however, the Arabs exert an economic dominance over Iberia and Europe.
  • 681: The dual monarchy of the northern Berbers and the Moroccans is formed.
  • 700: Carthage claims independence from Byzantium as the Carthaginian Republic.
  • 1204: Byzantium resists sacks and invasions by the crusaders.
  • 1272: Byzantium resists the invasion by Charles I of Anjou, which would have formed Albania.
  • 1365: After resisting centuries of raids by Slavic peoples, Macedonia is never conquered and remains part of Byzantium.
16th to 18th centuries
  • 1516: Egypt is conquered by an expansionist Second Sassanid (Persian) Empire.
  • 1606: Willem Janszoon and his fleet explore the western Australian coast and claim the continent.
  • 1620: Dutch colonization of Australia begins, with the continent being integrated into the Dutch commercial empire. England and France, however, do not let the Dutch Empire expand to the Pacific.
  • 1712: The Second Sassanid Empire splits in two, forming West Persia and East Persia.
  • 1792: Haiti gains independence with Toussaint L'ouverture as the Emperor of Haiti, which controls all of Hispaniola.
19th century
  • 1828: Brazil wins the Cisplatine War.
  • 1857: The Taiping rebellion ends.
  • 1861-65: The U.S. is defeated by the South. The Confederate States of America are recognized as an independent country.
  • 1864: Empress Cixi dies of tuberculosis, after which China undergoes a period of modernization and westernization, becoming a constitutional monarchy in the process.
  • 1867: Alaska is not purchased by the U.S.
  • 1882: British forces invade Sassanid Egypt and liberate the country after an agreement. Egypt is once again a free state.
  • 1883: Bolivia wins the War of the Pacific.
  • 1889: The Brazilian monarchy is not abolished.
  • 1892: Australia becomes independent from the Netherlands.
  • Late 19th century: China loses some of its provinces but later regains them.
20th century
  • 1910: The Portuguese monarchy is not abolished. Japan does not invade Korea; a modernized China defends Korea from Japan, so the Joseon monarchy survives.
  • 1911: The RMS Olympic sinks after colliding with a warship. Over 2,100 people die.
  • 1912: The Qing Dynasty is not abolished. The RMS Titanic does not sink thanks to improved safety measures learned the year before.
  • 1914: Austria-Hungary does not join the Great War. Instead, it cedes territory to neighboring nations through agreements.
  • 1918: After the end of the Great War, Germany becomes a fully constitutional monarchy (instead of a republic) and gives independence to all its colonies. The three Baltic nations (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania) each achieve a brief independence from the Russian Empire before being annexed by the Soviet Union four years later.
  • 1930s: Instead of a Nazi Party, a Pan-Germanic Party, which uses a planned language called Teedish, rises in Germany. Instead of political and military power, Hitler seeks the cultural integration of Germanic countries and initiates a cultural movement. Anton Drexler and Heinrich Himmler are involved. Hitler becomes a philosopher and starts a movement called Hitlerism. He spreads Asatru (Nordic neopaganism) throughout the Germanic world.
  • 1938: Denmark reinstates its Monarchy.
  • 1940s: Germany declares war on Poland to get access to Danzig. Since it violates the Treaty of Versailles, Britain, Italy, and France interfere. This Polish-German War shapes both countries' today borders and Kaliningrad becomes part of Poland.
  • 1946: With no involvement in war, the Kingdom of Italy is never abolished.
  • 1951: An East Persian-planned republican revolution in West Persia fails, turning the tide of the Cold War, with West Persia siding with America. The Peruvian communist insurrection starts, which is the second-most important war that resulted in the fall of the socialist bloc.
  • 1961: Due to the Peruvian Communist Insurrection, the war triggered the first attempt of a nuclear explosion. DEFCON is raised to 2 for the first time ever.
  • 1974: The Abyssinian Empire is not abolished. Many East-European communist nations are freed from communist Rule. Romania, Bulgaria, and Serbia restore their monarchies after a referendum.
  • 1975: The U.S. wins the Vietnam War with help from China. Vietnam is united under the Republic of Vietnam. The Soviet Union falls, after which Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan do not become independent republics, but autonomous republics within Russia. The Moldovan Civil War starts.
  • 1991: The Moldovan Civil War comes to an end. King Michael I of Romania becomes the Head of State of Moldova.
  • 1992: The Australian Union is formed. Members include Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Malaysia.
21st century
  • 2001: Since Islamic extremism never emerges, 9/11 does not happen. The World Trade Center is never attacked and still exists to this day.
  • 2002: East Timor (Timor-Leste) does not get independence from Malaysia (OTL: Indonesia).
  • 2003: Steve Jobs agrees to be operated and survives his cancer.
  • 2008: The monarchy of Nepal is not abolished.
  • 2014: After a successful referendum, Scotland becomes independent.
  • 2016: Malaysia votes to leave the Australian Union.

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