The Duchy of Saxony is a landlocked nation and German state, ruled by Duke/Elector Wolfgang I, of the House de la Marck.
The Duchy of Saxe-Wittenburg under the Ascanian dynasty steadily grew in power over the eastern parts of the Holy Roman Empire, eventually elevated to the Elector of Saxony by the Imperial Charter of 1357. This was largely due to their allignment to the victorious powers after the deposition of Louis IV, particularly their alliances with Luxembourg and the Hanseatic League. When the House of Ascania eventually died out in the late 14th century, the electorate came under the House of de la Marck, in personal union with the Margravate of Mark. This family of de la Marck was closely aligned with the House of Lenzburg, eventually putting them at odds against the Premyslid dynasty. Emperor Wenceslas became the first and last ruler of Saxony to become elected emperor, until his mysterious assassination in 1477. It was after this event that the Premyslid dynasty more firmly took control over Germany, but even after the Lenzburg war Saxony has maintained a friendly relationship to the emperor.
For a much more up-to-date version, see Family Trees (Merveilles du Monde Map Game).
List of Monarchs
House of Ascania
House of la Marck
|Picture/Image/Portrait||Name||Reign||R. to P.||Notes|
|Engelbert I||1394-1435||Spouse||Helped to revive the court, set up Saxony as a player on the world stage. Had various things named after him.|
|Henry IV||1435-1468||Son||Continued his father's work. Established marriage alliances.|
|Wenceslaus III||1468-1478||Son||Became Holy Roman Emperor and co-King of Germany with Henry III of Bohemia. Accused of being a Swiss puppet by various German states, assassinated whilst hunting.|
|Engelbert II||1478-1488||Son||Became Duke following his father's assassination. Stood unsuccessfully for Emperor in 1478 Election. Saxony invaded in 1485 during Teutonic War.|
|Edmund Alwin I||1489-1533||Brother||Remained loyal to Emperor Henry of Bohemia during Lenzburg-Premyslid War, and awarded with title Duke of Saxony afterwards. Friend of Wolfgang of Thuringia. Led Saxony through Reformation, converted to Jungism.|
|Wolfgang I||1533-||Son||Succeeded upon his father's death.|
Rulers of other Saxe-states
This area was inherited by Edmund Alwin's Catholic son, Edmund, who was eventually deposed by his brother Wolfgang. Edmund would later go on to become an Archbishop and then Pope of the Northern Catholic Church, while his daughter was installed as Duchess and married to the young son and heir of the Duke of Thuringia. The remnant Catholic presence in Jessen remained a problem for decades, right up until the 40 Years' War, when internal rebellions and terrorists attacks by the Catholic Jessen League occurred.
- Edmund I
- Agnes Edmundina with Issichar
- Alwin I
- Louis I
In the wake of the Thuringian War of Succession and the war in Bayreuth, Edmund Alwin had at times sided with the Catholic Emperor, allowing Saxony to gain and annex land from Meissen. This was later incorporated into the Duchy of Saxe-Lobnitz and given to Wenceslaus, Edmund Alwin's nephew. As the son of Edmund Alwin's older brother, Wenceslaus believed he had a better claim to the Ducal throne than his cousins, but was pacified and awarded Saxe-Lobnitz.
- Wenceslaus I
- Wenceslaus II
- County of Wasaborg: Formerly dependent on the Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg, created for illegitimate member of the Saxon royal family in the 15th century. Extant.
- Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg: Dependent on the Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg, result of partition in the 14th century created for junior line of Saxon royal family. Extant.
- County of Waldeck: Gained following Henrician Wars, ruled by the Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg. Later sold to Hesse.
- Duchy of Saxe-Leisnig: Gained following Henrician Wars, ruled by the Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg later inherited as secundogeniture.
- Duchy of Saxe-Stolberg: Gained following Henrician Wars, ruled by the Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg later inherited as secundogeniture.
- Duchy of Saxe-Walkenreid: Gained following Henrician Wars, ruled by the Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg later inherited as secundogeniture.
- County of Saxe-Beizig (formerly Saxe-Dreuss) ("Northern Saxony"): Separated from the Duchy of Saxony/Saxe-Wittenberg following Lenzburg-Premyslid War.