The Duchy of Saxony is a landlocked nation and German state, ruled by Duke/Elector Wolfgang I, of the House de la Marck.
The Duchy of Saxe-Wittenburg under the Ascanian dynasty steadily grew in power over the eastern parts of the Holy Roman Empire, eventually elevated to the Elector of Saxony by the Imperial Charter of 1357. This was largely due to their allignment to the victorious powers after the deposition of Louis IV, particularly their alliances with Luxembourg and the Hanseatic League. When the House of Ascania eventually died out in the late 14th century, the electorate came under the House of de la Marck, in personal union with the Margravate of Mark. This family of de la Marck was closely aligned with the House of Lenzburg, eventually putting them at odds against the Premyslid dynasty. Emperor Wenceslas became the first and last ruler of Saxony to become elected emperor, until his mysterious assassination in 1477. It was after this event that the Premyslid dynasty more firmly took control over Germany, but even after the Lenzburg war Saxony has maintained a friendly relationship to the emperor.
Remained loyal to Emperor Henry of Bohemia during Lenzburg-Premyslid War, and awarded with title Duke of Saxony afterwards. Friend of Wolfgang of Thuringia. Led Saxony through Reformation, converted to Jungism.
Succeeded upon his father's death.
Rulers of other Saxe-states
Agnes Edmundina with Issichar
States related to the Duchy of Saxony
County of Wasaborg: Formerly dependent on the Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg, created for illegitimate member of the Saxon royal family in the 15th century. Extant.
Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg: Dependent on the Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg, result of partition in the 14th century created for junior line of Saxon royal family. Extant.
County of Waldeck: Gained following Henrician Wars, ruled by the Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg. Later sold to Hesse.
Duchy of Saxe-Leisnig: Gained following Henrician Wars, ruled by the Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg later inherited as secundogeniture.
Duchy of Saxe-Stolberg: Gained following Henrician Wars, ruled by the Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg later inherited as secundogeniture.
Duchy of Saxe-Walkenreid: Gained following Henrician Wars, ruled by the Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg later inherited as secundogeniture.
County of Saxe-Beizig (formerly Saxe-Dreuss) ("Northern Saxony"): Separated from the Duchy of Saxony/Saxe-Wittenberg following Lenzburg-Premyslid War.