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Duchy of Saxony
Herzogtum Sachsen
[High German]
Hartogdom Sassen
[Low Saxon]
Timeline: Merveilles du Monde (Map Game)

OTL equivalent: Duchy of Saxony
1200px-Banner of Saxony (1^1).svg Coat of arms of Saxony
Royal Banner of Saxony Saxon Coat of Arms
Duchy of Saxony map 1495 (MdM)
Duchy of Saxony (green) in 1495
Capital
(and largest city)
Wittenberg
Other cities Dresden
Language Low Saxon, High German,
Religion Roman Catholicism, Hussites, Moderate Hussites
Demonym Saxon
Government Duchy
  legislature Estates General of Burgundy
Duke Edmund Alwin
  Royal house: House of La Marck
Area TBA km²
Population TBA 
Established 804
Currency Goldgulden, Reichsthaler

The Duchy of Saxony is a landlocked nation and German state, ruled by Duke/Elector Wolfgang I, of the House de la Marck.

The Duchy of Saxe-Wittenburg under the Ascanian dynasty steadily grew in power over the eastern parts of the Holy Roman Empire, eventually elevated to the Elector of Saxony by the Imperial Charter of 1357. This was largely due to their allignment to the victorious powers after the deposition of Louis IV, particularly their alliances with Luxembourg and the Hanseatic League. When the House of Ascania eventually died out in the late 14th century, the electorate came under the House of de la Marck, in personal union with the Margravate of Mark. This family of de la Marck was closely aligned with the House of Lenzburg, eventually putting them at odds against the Premyslid dynasty. Emperor Wenceslas became the first and last ruler of Saxony to become elected emperor, until his mysterious assassination in 1477. It was after this event that the Premyslid dynasty more firmly took control over Germany, but even after the Lenzburg war Saxony has maintained a friendly relationship to the emperor.

Grande Saxony

Grand Saxony, the national anthem of the Duchy of Saxony.

Family tree

For a much more up-to-date version, see Family Trees (Merveilles du Monde Map Game).

  • 589C15B5-8511-476A-A0BF-87A94F970885

    Henry, Duke and Elector of Saxe-Wittenberg.

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The Duke and Duchess of Saxony: Engelbert and Anna.

List of Monarchs

Saxe

House of Ascania

Picture/Image/Portrait Name Reign
220px-WenzelISachsenWittenberg
Wenceslaus I 1370-1388
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Wenceslaus II 1388-1394 Son
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Anna Sister

House of la Marck

Picture/Image/Portrait Name Reign R. to P. Notes
5EAEDF40-E126-4BBA-B1D5-3B3459B5CA6B
Engelbert I 1394-1435 Spouse Helped to revive the court, set up Saxony as a player on the world stage. Had various things named after him.
589C15B5-8511-476A-A0BF-87A94F970885
Henry IV 1435-1468 Son Continued his father's work. Established marriage alliances.
Titian - portrait-of-a-bearded-man
Wenceslaus III 1468-1478 Son Became Holy Roman Emperor and co-King of Germany with Henry III of Bohemia. Accused of being a Swiss puppet by various German states, assassinated whilst hunting.
Portrait-of-a-man-in-a-red-cap-titian-1515-d998afdf
Engelbert II 1478-1488 Son Became Duke following his father's assassination. Stood unsuccessfully for Emperor in 1478 Election. Saxony invaded in 1485 during Teutonic War.
TITIAN; Portrait of Jacopo Sannazaro (1514-18)
Edmund Alwin I 1489-1533 Brother Remained loyal to Emperor Henry of Bohemia during Lenzburg-Premyslid War, and awarded with title Duke of Saxony afterwards. Friend of Wolfgang of Thuringia. Led Saxony through Reformation, converted to Jungism.
Gian-Giacomo-Bartolotti-da-Parma-physician-Titian-oil-painting
Wolfgang I 1533- Son Succeeded upon his father's death.

Rulers of other Saxe-states

Saxe-Jessen

  • Edmund I
  • Agnes Edmundina with Issichar

Saxe-Lochau

  • Alwin I

Saxe-Wolfen

  • Louis I

Saxe-Lobnitz

  • Wenceslaus I
  • Wenceslaus II

States related to the Duchy of Saxony

  • County of Wasaborg: Formerly dependent on the Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg, created for illegitimate member of the Saxon royal family in the 15th century. Extant.
  • Duchy of Saxe-Lauenburg: Dependent on the Duchy of Saxe-Wittenberg, result of partition in the 14th century created for junior line of Saxon royal family. Extant.
  • County of Waldeck: Gained following Henrician Wars, ruled by the Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg. Later sold to Hesse.
  • Duchy of Saxe-Leisnig: Gained following Henrician Wars, ruled by the Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg later inherited as secundogeniture.
  • Duchy of Saxe-Stolberg: Gained following Henrician Wars, ruled by the Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg later inherited as secundogeniture.
  • Duchy of Saxe-Walkenreid: Gained following Henrician Wars, ruled by the Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg later inherited as secundogeniture.
  • County of Saxe-Beizig (formerly Saxe-Dreuss) ("Northern Saxony"): Separated from the Duchy of Saxony/Saxe-Wittenberg following Lenzburg-Premyslid War.
    Postjung

    Post-Jungist leaders

Unnamed (1)-0

August de la Marck

Titian 131

Aymon Eirikur de la Marck

Titian - Young Man with Cap and Gloves - WGA22933

Andres Heinrich Engelbert de la Marck.

Titian - portrait-of-a-bearded-man

Wenceslaus de la Marck (III) in his later years.

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Otto de la Marck in later life.

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Shadrach de la Marck.

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Adolph de la Marck, Prince of Finland

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Eirikur "the Fearsome", Prince of Finland

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The Head of Celle, modeled after Elector Engelbert.

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The Proto-Engelbert.

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The Engelbert, a type of hat.

Portrait-of-a-Man-Titian-Oil-Painting

Andres Heinrich Engelbert de la Marck

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The Engelbert, a breed of dog.

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The controversial but fashionable Madchenhose, originating in the Duchy of Saxony.

Cyclops skeleton

The skeleton of a mysterious beast discovered in Saxony.

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