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East Pakistan
পূর্ব পাকিস্তান
East Pakistan
Timeline: Unthinkable
OTL equivalent: East Pakistan
Flag of Pakistan.svg State emblem of Pakistan.svg
Coat of arms
"Unity, Faith, Discipline"
Qaumī Tarāna
514px-East Bengal Map.gif
Map of the East Pakistan
Official languages Bengali
Regional Languages English, Urdu, Bihari, and Indigenous minority languages
Demonym Pakistani
Religion Islam
Government Socialist state(1954–58)
Presidential republic(1960–69)
 -  Administrators Azam Khan(1960-1962)

Abdul Monem Khan(1962–1969)

Syed Mohammad Ahsan(1969–1971)
 -  Chief Minister
 -  Governors
Currency Pakistani Rupee

East Pakistan is a unitary parliamentary republic located in Southeast Asia, on the fertile Bengal delta. It is bordered by the Republic of India to its north, west and east, by the nation of Burma, to its south-east and by the Bay of Bengal to its south. It is separated from the Democratic Republic of Nepal and the Kingdom of Bhutan by the narrow India Siliguri Corridor.Together with the neighboring Indian state of West Bengal, it makes up the ethno-linguistic region of Bengal.

Following the Partition of Bengal and British India in 1947, the modern borders of Bangladesh took shape, and the region became the eastern wing of the newly created state of Pakistan. In 1971 years of political exclusion, ethnic and linguistic discrimination, and economic neglect by the politically dominant western wing, a surge of popular agitation, nationalism and civil disobedience led to Bangladesh Liberation War, separating Bangladesh from Pakistan as an independent state.


The Bangladesh Liberation War was an armed conflict pitting East Pakistan and India against West Pakistan . The war resulted in the secession of East Pakistan, which became the independent nation of Bangladesh, the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The war broke out on March 26, 1971 as army units directed by West Pakistan launched a military operation in East Pakistan against Bengali civilians, students, intelligentsia, and armed personnel who were demanding separation of the East from West Pakistan. Bengali military, paramilitary, and civilians formed the Mukti Bahini (Bengali: মুক্তি বাহিনী "Liberation Army") and used guerrilla warfare tactics to fight against the West Pakistan army. India provided economic, military and diplomatic support to the Mukti Bahini rebels, leading West Pakistan to launch Operation Chengiz Khan, a preemptive attack on the western border of India which led to the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. On 16 December 1971, the allied forces of the Indian army and the Mukti Bahini defeated the West Pakistani forces deployed in the East. Resulting in a surrender.

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