The Republic of East Sudan was a Sudanese successor state that claims to be the legitimate heir to the Sudan government. It was bordered to the south by South Sudan and to the east by Ethiopia and Eritrea. While it claimed to be the successor to the Sudanese government it dropped claims to most of the Sudanese successor states with the exception of the Upper Nile section of South Sudan and the Red Sea federal state.
Sudan gained its independence from Egypt and England in the 1950's following the Egyptian revolution. Before Doomsday it had already been the site of one of the longest and bloodiest wars in Africa's history and several coups. The Sudanese civil war had recently restarted following the introduction of Islamic law in the country and the abolition of political parties.
Like the rest of Africa Sudan wasn't hit by nuclear weapons on Doomsday but the Sudanese government lost its support from Egypt and Libya.
Civil War (1983-1987)
Gaafar Nimeiry ordered that the Sudanese army and air force occupy the region of South Sudan but the Sudanese People's Liberation Army were experts in guerrilla warfare and were able to put up a good fight and prevent the Sudanese army from controlling the region. The Sudanese army was successful in its war against the SPLA but in northern Sudan there were riots and rebellions in regions across the country as the tribal groups that made up the country tried to become independent. By 1987 the country was splitting at the seams as the various tribal groups made themselves independent, to make it even worse for Gaafar Nimeiry's government the South had formed itself into an independent country and the Eritrean government had moved into some parts of the Sudan's coast.
Breakdown of Sudan (1987-1990)
Sudan ceased to exist as a full country in 1987 with the dissolution of the Sudanese parliament and the evacuation of the capital. Gaafar Nimeiry and the army decided to evacuate to the east, which was at the time the most stable region of Sudan. Gaafar Nimeiry took with him the entirety of the Sudanese military and used it to impose martial law on the whole region. The capital was moved to Al Qadarif on the border with Eritrea. During the breakdown of Sudan Nimeiry's government had to fight off rebel groups and several militia groups as well as forces from the PRE in Ethiopia and Eritrea. Nimeiry eventually signed a peace treaty with the PRE and the Eritrean government, he also signed a ceasefire agreement with South Sudan that guaranteed the independence of both countries.
Nimeiry set about cementing his rule and improving East Sudan, the government set up farming and nationalized the oil industry. They set up trade with Ethiopia and Eritrea to provide the country with resources and equipment, the country supplied oil to both sides of the conflict in the Eritrean/Ethiopian war and profited massively from the conflict. Unlike most of the countries in the region the East Sudanese government didn't spend time or equipment on improving the conditions for the countries civilians instead relying on the military to impose law, the industry in the country was modernized as was the farming industry so although civilians generally have bad standards of living they are well fed.
The Republic Of East Sudan had been in several border disputes with South Sudan over who controlled the region of the Upper Nile, both sides wanted access to the rich natural resources in the area and South Sudanese forces were forcefully occupying the region to protect the resources there. Tensions continued to build between the two factions after East Sudanese forces took up positions on the border to protect their resources in the region, the East Sudanese forces weren't willing to commit themselves to a war until in 2009 they received backing from two other Sudanese successor states and moved in to occupy the area. SPLA forces tried valiantly to secure the area but by mid 2009 they had been pushed back out of the upper Nile region, outgunned, outnumbered and without technological superiority the SPLA called on its allies to help it retake the resource rich lands. South Sudan eventually annexed East Sudan and the two combined to form the Republic of Sudan.
The economy of East Sudan was based around oil and subsistence farming. The oil extracted was refined and then sold to Ethiopia or Eritrea, however with the East Sudan war in full swing Ethiopia and Eritrea ceased buying the oil from East Sudan leaving the country without any major income supply. There was a large farming industry that supplied food to most of the country but there was no major industry and the country relied on Ethiopia and other countries to provide it with goods, these supplies were cut off following the East Sudan War.
The country was an Islamic republic and a dictatorship, it was ruled by Gaafar Nimeiry and had been since the revolution of 1969. The country had no form of democracy and no civil law, the police was controlled by the military and enforced the governments will on the people. There were very few civil liberties in the country as all media and the populace were harshly controlled by the military.
Like most of the successors to Sudan the country was oil rich and as such most travel was by motorcar but the government didn't spend any money on improving the road or rail infrastructure.
The only people in East Sudan who had an education are the filthy rich, the rest of the countries citizens cannot afford the education that is provided as the government hasn't introduced any laws to help people get an education.;
The government of East Sudan spent nearly half of its budget on the military, and as such East Sudan benefited from one of the largest militaries in Africa with it numbering over 100,000. East Sudan also had an air force and navy, the naval fleet operated two frigates, six corvettes, several missile boats and a variety of other ships and the air force used ex-USSR equipment.
East Sudan recognized the existence of most of the successor states to Sudan but failed to recognize the claims of South Sudan on the Upper Nile region.