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East Timor or Timor Leste, officially the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste (Portuguese: República Democrática de Timor-Leste, Tetum: Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste) is a country located in maritime Southeast Asia. The nation comprises half of the island of Timor and the islands of Atauro and Jaco.
The island was colonized by Portugal in 1702 and was known as Portuguese Timor. The Portuguese established outposts in the islands of Timor and Maluku. The Portuguese brought their culture and Christianity to the island. Two centuries later, in 1914, the island of Timor was split in half: the eastern side controlled by the Dutch while the western side controlled by the Portuguese.
Despite Portugal's neutrality during World War II, the Empire of Japan occupied the capital of Dili. A guerrilla campaign launched by the Allied forces and the local East Timorese fought hard against the Japanese invaders in what is now known as the Battle of Timor. The Japanese eventually crushed the resistance by driving out the last of the Allied forces, mainly Dutch and Australian. After the war, Japan handed Portuguese Timor back to Portugal, which the country declared independence from in 1975 following the Portuguese Revolution of 1974. Indonesia invaded the island under after fearing the Communists would get a hold of it, declaring the island of Timor the 27th province on July 17, 1976 under the name of Timor Timur. Indonesia's occupation of the island was marked by violence and brutality, as the invasion was supported by the U.S. government. Prior to Doomsday, East Timor was still under Indonesian occupation.
While Indonesia and East Timor was spared from nuclear attacks on Doomsday, Indonesia was badly affected by the nuclear war's aftermath. The news of the destruction of other countries created mass hysteria in Indonesia; this shocked the East Timorese as well. The destruction of the global market led to a financial crisis in the economy as major corporations ceased to exist or lost the funding to keep them going. Indonesia was busy dealing with riots around the country, secessionists in Aceh, and fighting in Brunei. Inspired from the Acehnese separation movement, the East Timorese took advantage of the situation by declaring their independence from Indonesia in 1984, as the majority of the Indonesian soldiers were deployed to Aceh to fight the seccessionist. This declaration of independence was met with resistance from pro-Indonesian militias, who eventually clashed with the pro-independence movements, of whom majority comprise the population of the island. The Commonwealth of Australia and New Zealand supported the independence movement of East Timor by providing weapons and covert aid, eventually intervening in 1987 against the pro-Indonesian militias. East Timor became a de facto state of ANZC in 2002.
East Timor is a member of the League of Nations and an associated de facto state of the Commonwealth of Australia and New Zealand. The country has close ties with the Philippines, being both predominantly Roman Catholic. The two countries also represent the Asian faithful of the Vatican.