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The Right Honourable
Sir Edmund Barton
GCB QC
Edmund Barton.jpg
15th Chancellor of Cygnia
In office
3 January 1901 – 24 September 1903
Monarch Edward I
Deputy Alfred Deakin
Preceded by Henry Campbell-Bannerman
Succeeded by Alfred Deakin
Justice of the Supreme Court
In office
5 October 1903 – 7 January 1920
Nominated by Alfred Deakin
Appointed by Edward I
Succeeded by Hayden Starke
Leader of the Protectionist Party
In office
3 January 1901 – 24 September 1903
Deputy Alfred Deakin
Preceded by Arthur Balfour
Succeeded by Alfred Deakin
Speaker of the North Albion Legislative Assembly
In office
1 July 1884 – 1 July 1888
Preceded by Sir George Wigram Allen
Succeeded by James Young
Member of the Cygnian House of Representatives for Hunter
In office
3 January 1901 – 30 September 1903
Preceded by Seat Created
Succeeded by Frank Liddell
Personal details
Born 18 January 1849(1849-01-18)
Glebe, North Albion, Empire of Cygnia
Died 7 January 1920(1920-01-07) (aged 70)
Hydro Majestic Hotel, Medlow Bath, North Albion, Empire of Cygnia
Resting place Waverley Cemetery, North Albion
Political party Protectionist
Spouse(s) Jane Ross
(m. 1877; wid. 1920)
Children 6
Alma mater University of Sydney
Occupation Trade union executive
(University of Sydney Union)
Profession Trade Unionist
Barrister
Politician
Religion Anglicanism

Sir Edmund Barton, GCB, QC (18 January 1849 – 7 January 1920) was a Cygnian politician and judge who served as the 19th Chancellor of Cygnia from 1901 to 1903. He resigned to become a Justice of the Supreme Court of Cygnia.

Barton first entered politics in 1879 when he became a Member of the Parliament of North Albion. He later contested the leadership of the federal Protectionist Party in the 1900 election, adopting conservative and nationalist policies. He won the leadership; however, a hung congress followed. He managed to form a minority government after securing the support of the Labour Party, which held the balance of power. The Barton Government introduced nationwide women's suffrage, and laid the foundations of the White Cygnia policy with the Immigration Restriction Act 1901.

Barton left politics in 1903 to become a Justice of the Supreme Court. He was succeeded as Chancellor by his Vice Chancellor, Alfred Deakin. On the court, Barton became an influential figure in shaping the early 20th-century interpretation of the Imperial Constitution. Although he served 16 years on the Supreme Court and less than three as Chancellor, he is chiefly remembered for his political career.

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