Egypt (pronounced /ˈiːdʒɪpt/; Arabic: مصر Miṣr, pronounced [misˤɾ]; Egyptian Arabic: Maṣr [ˈmɑsˤɾ]; Egyptian: Kemet), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Western Asia. Covering an area of about 1,010,000 sq km (390,000 sq mi), Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west.
Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and Western Asia. The great majority of its estimated 76 million live near the banks of the Nile River, in an area of about 40,000 sq km (15,000 sq mi), where the only arable agricultural land is found. The large areas of the Sahara Desert are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt's residents live in urban areas, with the majority spread across the densely-populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.
Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world's most famous monuments, including the Giza pyramid complex and its Great Sphinx. The southern city of Luxor contains numerous ancient artifacts, such as the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings. Egypt is widely regarded as an important political and cultural nation of the Middle East.
Egypt possesses one of the most developed economies in the Middle East, with sectors such as tourism, agriculture, industry and service at almost equal rates in national production. Consequently, the Egyptian economy is rapidly developing, due in part to legislation aimed at luring investments, coupled with both internal and political stability, along with recent trade and market liberalization.
Alternate versions of Egypt have been discovered in the multiverse:
- Aegyptus (Ætas ab Brian)
- Aegyptus (No Christianity world)
- Arab Republic of Egypt (CV)
- Egypt (Chaos)
- Egypt (Cherry, Plum, and Chrysanthemum)
- Egypt (Vegetarian World)
- Kingdom of Egypt (Dai-tō-a)
- Egyptian Kingdom (Washington Shot at Murdering Town!)
- Republic of Egypt (1983: Doomsday)
- Republic of Egypt (The Kaiser's New Clothes)
- Republic of The Nile Valley (Samsu)
- Grand Duchy of Egypt (Supremacy)
Alternate versions of Egypt have also been discovered to belong to different nations:
- Achaemenid Persian Empire (World Without Alexander)
- Byzantine Empire
- Great Britain
- Free African League (Princip Arrest)
- Ottoman Empire
- United Arab Republic