|Kingdom of Egypt|
مملكة مصرTimeline: Principia Moderni IV (Map Game)
OTL equivalent: Egypt
“There is no other God but Allah, and Mohammed is the messenger of God.”
أغنية من الفراعنة (“Song of Pharaohs”)
(and largest city)
|Religion||Islam, Egyptian Coptic Christianity|
|-||King of Egypt||Muhammad Ali III|
|-||Prime Minister of Egypt||Omar Ismali|
|-||Lower house||Council of Representatives|
|-||Overthrow of Queen Fawlasi||TBD|
|-||Establishment of the Muhammad Ali Dynasty||TBD|
|-||War of Succession||TBD|
|-||Queen Farah Assassinated||1880s|
|-||1905 estimate||21 Million|
Egypt has had a long history, from Alexander to the Romans, from the Ptolemaics to Cleopatra, Egypt has been through many different situations throughout history, which is why it makes its culture and independence so ripe. Since the middle ages, Egypt was ruled by the Mamluks, an Egyptian dynasty that spread a powerful empire across he Levant. Egypt was later subjugated as a core territory under the rising Abbasid Caliphate. It wasn’t until the Rashidun Caliphate. That Egypt could see the possibility of independence. Although many Egyptians supported the Caliphate, nothing could stop the imminent collapse of the Rashidun Caliphate, as it had conquered and ruled over numerous ethnicities, that by now were tired of under representation in the Caliphate, and had revolted against the Caliphate in an event known as the Second Arab-Ethiopian War.
After the decisive Ethiopian Victory, the Treaty of Cairo was signed, which officially ended the reign of the caliphs over Egypt and the Arab world. After the War, Ethiopia gained its independence, and instead of Egypt becoming sovereign, Ethiopia selfishly annexed the entire region to itself. This “occupation” as Egyptians call this period, lasted for about a century, until the Ethiopian Emperor, Emperor Joshua the First, decided to try to convert the Muslims of his realm to Coptic Christianity, which in turn caused a revolution against the Ethiopians.
In the 1840s, under the leadership of Muhammad Ali II, the Anglo-British accords were signed, which effectively gave a strip of land to the British and Belkans to jointly control that would later become the Suez Canal.
Government and Politics
Egypt is a constitutional monarchy, with there being a king that has a good amount of political power, but also has limits as there is a parliament and prime minister to stop him from making any irrational or unconstitutional acts. The king also has the job of representing his nation’s foreign affairs and often appears in meetings with foreign countries to discuss the topic at hand. The parliament and prime minister are very powerful. The Prime Minister is supposed to represent the people, and their needs, and so he often meets with the king to discuss domestic issues in Egypt, and tries to work out something with his/her royal majesty.
Egypt has been ruled by the Muhammad Ali Dynasty since the overthrow of Queen Fawazi in the early 19th Century. The Dynasty was established by Muhammad Ali I, a famous general and participant in the Egyptian Revolution, he overthrew the increasingly unpopular Queen Fawazi, wife of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Today the Dynasty stands strong, though has seen some various controversies over the autocratic powers of Muhammad Ali’s descendants, and the omnipresent cult of personalities they build with them.