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El Paso (Spanish for "The Pass"; Basque: Pasabide) is the largest city in the Californian state of New Biscay and the third largest city of the Republic of California. Founded on December 8, 1659 as a Spanish settlement on the right bank of the Rio Grande (Mexican Spanish: Río Bravo del Norte), and known more fully as El Paso del Norte ("The Pass of the North"; Basque: Iparraldeko Pasabide) until 1848, El Paso is the seat of El Paso County, and, politically, is unique in that its city government is officially nonpartisan. Its current mayor is Dee Margo, who was first elected to the office in 2017.
The first bridge to cross the Rio Grande at El Paso was built in the time of New Spain, over 250 years ago, from wood hauled in from Santa Fe; today, this bridge is honored by the modern Santa Fe Street Bridge, and Santa Fe Street in downtown El Paso. Several bridges serve the El Paso area in addition to the Santa Fe Street Bridge, including the Bravo Boulevard Bridge, the Stanton Street Bridge, and the Ysleta Bridge.
The city has a growing industrial center which is made up in large part by more than 300 manufacturing facilities located in and around the city. It is also the headquarters of Western Refining, a Fortune 500 company, and three publicly traded companies, as well as home to the Medical Center of the Americas, the only medical research and care provider complex in Northern New Biscay and Southern New Mexico and the University of New Biscay at El Paso (UNBEP; Spanish: Universidad de Nueva Vizcaya en El Paso, UNVEP), the city's primary university. According to a 2007 New York Times article, El Paso "is now absorbing more new industrial real estate space than any other North American city", and in 2008, fDi Magazine designated El Paso to be "The City of the Future".
El Paso also has a strong federal and military presence. The William Beaumont Army Medical Center, the Biggs Army Airfield, and Fort Bliss all call the north side of the city home. Fort Bliss is one of the largest military complexes of the Californian Army and the largest training area in the Californian Interior.
Like the Free City of Los Angeles, El Paso administers a significant part of its metropolitan area (which is the sixth-largest in California, with a population of 2,784,302 as of the 2018 Californian Census, and notably includes Las Cruces in neighboring New Mexico); some of El Paso's major suburbs are Fabens, San Elizario, Socorro and Sunland Park, all of which are on the New Biscayan side of the state boundary, and additionally there are also many smaller communities in the Greater El Paso area including Anthony, Canutillo, Horizon City, Santa Teresa and Westway in New Biscay, and North Anthony, Chaparral, Mesilla, Santa Teresa, University Park and Vado in New Mexico. Greater El Paso also has California's __th-largest urban economy by purchasing power parity, with a GDP of $___, and El Paso itself is considered a Beta World City, cosmopolitan and competitive. Situated on a major crossroads of historic east-west and north-south trade routes respectively linking the Coastal States with the United States (via the state of Texas) and New Mexico with Mexico, El Paso is one of the most developed cities in New Biscay specifically and, in part due to its close trade links with Texas as opposed to most other parts of California, is often regarded as its most "Americanized".