Commonwealth of England and Wales
Gymanwlad Cymru a Lloegr (Welsh)
Timeline: Joan of What?
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 1948 — present
Flag of England Coat of arms of England
Coat of arms
Anthem: 
I Vow to Thee, My Country
CapitalLondon
Official languages English
Cornish
Welsh
Demonym English
Government Unitary semi-presidential parliamentary constitutional republic
 -  President Carwyn Jones
 -  Vice President Michael German
 -  Prime Minister Theresa May
 -  Chief Justice David Neuberger
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Commons
Formation
 -  Anglo-Saxon settlement 5th – 6th century 
 -  Unification 10th century 
 -  Ninety Years' War 1337 – 1429 
 -  Union with Scotland 1707 
 -  French Revolution 1780 – 1783 
 -  British Revolution 1868 – 1870 
 -  Fascist Britain 1932 – 1946 
 -  Current constitution 1948 
Area
 -  Total 151,174 km2 
58,369 sq mi 
Population
 -  2016 estimate 54,786,300 
Currency Euro (EUR)
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) (UTC+0)
 -  Summer (DST) British Summer Time (UTC+1)
Drives on the Left
Internet TLD .en

England, officially the Commonwealth of England and Wales, is a sovereign state in western Europe. Lying off the northwestern coast of the European mainland, it encompasses the two southern thirds of the island of Great Britain as well as a number of smaller islands. England is bordered by Scotland to the north, and is surrounded by water on all other sides, with Ireland lying across the Irish Sea, and France to the southeast over the English Channel.

England is a constitutional republic with a parliamentary system of governance, and its capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million, the third-largest in Europe and largest in the European Union. Other major urban areas in England include the regions of Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds and Liverpool.

England is a developed country and has the world's tenth-largest economy by nominal GDP. England is considered to have a high-income economy and is categorised as very high in the Human Development Index, ranking 14th in the world. It is considered to be a regional power with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally. It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. England is also a member of the Council of Europe, the G8 finance ministers, the G8 forum, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and the World Trade Organisation.

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